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Springfield Globe -Republic
THE HPKINGPIEIiH GTOBE,
Volume IV. Number 331.
SPKmGFIELD, OHIO, MONDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 1G, 1885.
(THE SPniNOPlELl) ItEPURTilC
I Volume X.X.X.. Number :i31.
OWEN, PIXLEY d. CO.
Washington, Feb. 1G. Tennessee and
Ohio Valley : Colder, generally fair weather,
followed in the extreme west portion by ris
ing temperature; winds generally from north
west to southwest.
Hate yon considered our mention of
last week .' The Rojs Jersey Suits in
XaTj-Brown, and Gray Colorings, go
ing for almost the price of the Cotton
Suits, $5 each.' A week and they'll be
And little Boy's Separate Pants,
knee length, with a row of buttons on
itber side and accompanying patches
to mend with. They are here in all
ages, from 5 np to 12 years, COc, Sac,
$1, $1.25, $1.50, and so on.
In this department are also a goodly
selection of one and two piece kilts.
Going and Coming. Never without a
seasonable assortment. Where in this
section are they to found in a greater
variety or choice patterns, at more
pleasing prices J
Where do yon find anything like the
children's overcoat stock. From the
gorgeous Jersey down. From the $1.75
wool appearing little beauty np!
It's spring-like. Do you think of
Percale Waists, or Cheviot Waists X If
not, the handsome flannel garments arc
here, but they cost more, and they're
Then our make in Short Pant Suits,
$2, $2.50, $2.75, $3, $3.50, $1, and
some better. Xone poorer.
We've told about the 50c. shirt.
They're going, by the way. And tho'
they competition hurt. They'll not be
Unlanndrled or fancy, your choice on
the table. Xone too many fancies.
An excuse for a working shirt, 25c
Heavy Cheviots 40c, then 50c, C5c and
75c "o excuse for paying more.
While you wait for rain, think of the
convenience and comfort to be derived
from bing the possessor of an A 1 Rub
ber Coat. A coat to keep the rain off.
To keep the snow out. To keep warmth
in, and our prices as well.
Ton can't miss in looking. You can
In passing. Several sorts f Half Hose.
Seamless that are seamless 10c, others
not seamless at all 10c, next 2 pairs for
25c, then 15c, 18, 20c and so on.
All Wool Shakers, double heels and
toes, 20c, 25c, 30c, 35c, 40c
That particular overcoat stock is
here, decidedly here. Accommodating
OWEX, PIXLET & CO.,
Springfield's Only One Price Clothiers,
25 and 27 West Main Street.
WARDER A BARNETT.
Pi'ottoe to Bread Eaters !
Owing to the long cold spell, our mill has bean
froien up, consejueotly most of the crocers have
completely run out of "GOLDES I LLECE."
Miny families, to their regret, were compelled
to purchase the cheap and inferior flour lhat
flood this market, under the name of "Holler,'
Hungarian iTuce a," etc
We are ag&in running night and day, and Lone
to beable to place inthe handsof all grocers and
daalera OOLDCA J-iCn"at former
Per Barrel In sacks or wood.
One-Fourth sick (49 lbs.).
Ona-Elghth sack (21K lbs.).
SFKIGFIEL1 UirrAII. MARKETS.
Corrected by Cuax. IV". Payntkb A CO.
Daily Keport-Monday, Feb. 1C, 1SS5.
Butter Good suj ply, but dull at 20c retail.
Ko.s Good supply; jc. i-er doa.
FoiLTRr Good demand, chiefcens, young, 20a
80c; old, Z5a33c each.
APM.LS St OOal 50 per bush.
Potatoes SOc per bush.
bWEET Potatoes SlJ"a200rer bush. Jerseys
Cabbage Dull; f 1.20 a 12.00 per bbl ; 15c head.
Onions Scarce, St 20 per bush.
Halt" fcnow-flate brand, Sl.25 per bbl.
Coal Oil lUaJ5a20c per gal.
Ucoab-cibed Meats Sides, 10c; shoulders, 10c;
hams, 14c; b. bacon, 10c
Sugars A large demand and prices low; gran
ulated, 7c rer lb. "A" white, &c ir lb; extra C
light, oJic per lb; yellow C.SJy; per lb; C, 5c
Coffee Marke lower; Java, 20aWc per lb;
Itio, golden, ISa 0 per lb, I'.io, prime green, 12Ka
15c iter lb, l.io,x aiuoo, 10c per lb.
rSYELPS JWiaTOc jiergal.
MoLASats e frleaos,60ai50ciergal,Borgham
60c per gal.
Kick Bet Cirollna, 8c per lb.
Oysters 30c perqt
Dried Applks S l-3c per lb.
Driep l'KACnu-iOc per lb
CiucKaM, Uressed, &7a53 35aS3 50 per dozen.
Turkeys 12c per lb.
ltci.s " ti 7m3 50 per doa.
Kabbits SI 25al 50 per doz.
Fine washed, 28a30c; unwashed, off.
Raisins New 10al2cperlb,
Currams Jew7c ei lb.
APPLas ew Jc l. lb.
rciiK llaltcs liJc, mixed 8c per lb.
PkUSKs Ner 7Jc par lb.
n-lUlf.Ib .V iAXW1I.A.
Interesting Discussion Today on
the condition of the Indians.
Fatal Explosion at Gibralter 17
Wasbinotosi, February 14. Senate Mr.
Hale, from the Committee on Appropriations,
reported the agricultural appropriation bill,
with amendments. He said the Senate Com
mittee docket was now clear, this beine the
last appropriation bill sent over to the House.
Tbe bill was placed on the calendar.
The bill to qniet titles to Des Moines river
settlers was then placed before the Senate,
and Mr. Lapham continued bis speech
At I o'clock the matter went over till Mon
day, Mr. Lapham still hiring the floor.
The Indian appriation bill was token up,
and Mr. Coke described tbe sufferings caused by
tbe depredations and hardships imposed on
white settlers, who were not permitted to
follow the Indians and recover stolen prop
erty, because the robbers were the "wards of
the Nation." At one time sixteen thousand
horses and mules, stolen from Texas, were in
keeping of the Indians. Claims that had
been investigated and proved twenty years
ago, were still unpaid. Mi. Coke regarded
this as great injustice.
Reading of the bill then proceeded, and on
reaching the section for the Assiniboines, Mr.
Vest moved to increase their appropriation
from $30,000 to $50,000. He drew a most
pathetic picture of his personal observations
of the sufferings of that tribe in a bleak, in
hospitable region of country.
When the Indians were dying by hundreds
of absolute starvation, Mr. Vest had person
ally appealed to Commissioner Price, of the
Indian Bureau, for some rations to keep life
in them, but that gentleman could only reply
that he had "no funds." The soldiers of the
United States, to their honor it should be f aid,
saved many lives among these starving peo
ple by voluntarily giving np their own ra
tions. Without action on Mr. Vest's motion the
Senate went into executive session and soon
WisaiKGTOt, February 14. Hoiss.
When the House met this morning in contin
uation of Friday's cession, Mr. Willis moved
that tbe House go into Committee of the
Whole on the river and harbor bill, and pend
ing that moved that all debate be limited to
one hour and a half.
The regular order having been demanded,
the Speaker announced the regular order to
be consideration of pension bills, coming over
from last session.
The first bill coining over was one grant
ing a pension of $2,000 per annum to the
widow of General George H. Thomas, and
after debate it was passed yeas, 143; nays,
Washington, February 1C. Hocse. The
house met in continuation of Friday's session
and immediately went into committee of the
whole, Biount in the chair, on tbe legislative
appropriation bill. Considerable progress
was made in reading tbe bill when the com
mittee rose and the house adjourned and the
session of Monday began.
Regan offered a resolution requesting the
Secretary of the Treasury to transmit infor
mation in regard to rang and ranch cattle
tram; of the Western States and Territories,
with special reference to the bearings of that
traffic on internal and foreign commerce of
tbe United States. Referred.
The senate amendments to the army ap
propriation bill were non-concurred in and a
conference committee appointed.
Washixqtov, February 1C. Senate. The
postoffice bill was laid before the Senate and
Hill introduced a bill to relinquish to city
of Denver certain land for public library.
Morrell reported favorably a bill authoriz
ing the erection of a public building at
Keokuk. Put on calender.
Bill to quiet titles of settlers on Des
Moines river lands was laid before the Senate
as unfinished business.
Lapham having tbe floor.
Sherman said it was manifest that a long
discussion would defeat the object of the bill,
owing to lack of time. It was a Senate bill
and after consideration by the Senate would
go to the House for debate. It was
interfering with all other measures
before the Senate, and Sherman moved to lay
it on the table.
Allison said this bill was as Important as
any other measure before tbe Senate.
Plumb thought it would take no more time
to vote on the passage of the bill than to lay
it on the table. He opposed Sherman's mo
tion. Sherman's motion was defeated yeas IT,
Dawes then moved that the Des Moines
bill be temporarily laid aside in order that
the Senate might proceed with the considera
tion of the Indian appropriation bill. Agreed
Sherman asked the chair whether the Des
Moines bill would still continue unfinished
business during the morning hour.
The chair replied affirmatively.
Sherman then said. No business can be
done in this session of the senate except that
from tbe appropriation committee until this
Des Moines bill
Allison Until it is disposed of.
Sherman Then we may as well give it up.
We may as well take it easy for the remain
der of the session. I don't think that is fair
play in legislation.
The consideration of the Indian appropria
tion bill was then proceeded with.
Vest read a letter from tbe Governor of
Montana saying, notwithstanding tbe relief
offered by the Government in parts of Mon
tana, the suffeung from exposure and starva
tion was pitiable in the extreme. It was use
less in Vest's opinion, to say : "Let the In
dian work or die." TLat was simply saying:
"Let him die." You might as well say to a
child in the cradle: "Go to work or die."
Take pattern after centuries of barbarism and
hurl them into an intense and terrible strug
gle against civilization and say to them:
"Work or die." Was civilization to
to say to them, "Work or die?" Ibis
was not performing our Christian duty. Vest
disclaimed sentimentality, but actual personal
observation ol the condition of the Indians in
Montana had converted him from the convic
tion that "the best Indian was the dead In
dian." The condition of these Indians was
a stain upon our Christian civilization. We
should prepare them as quickly as possible
for self-support, but meanwhile ought to keep
them alive. Men who bad never handled
the spade could not be expected to
be self-supporting all at once. We
were under much more Christian obligation
to these heathen in our own territory than to
heathen in Asia and Africa, but no starring
Indian had ever been brought to a realizing
sense of Christianity.
Plumb doubted whether so many Indians
had died of starvation as badbeen reported.
Vest said there was no doubt about the
Explosion at Gibralter.
Londov, February 16. A terrific explosion
occurred in the powder magazine at Gibralter
today, killing seventeen men and doing con
siderable damage otherwise.
Cold Weather West.
Chicago, February 16. Th weather here
today and throughout the Northwest gener
ally is intensely cold. At 8 o'clock this
morning, in Chicago, the mercury indicated
fifteen degrees below zero. Th weather is
clear but the air is filled with little particles
of snow that are being blown around by
tbe keen wind which prevails. Trains
yesterday were somewhat delayed by snow,
but the situation is not regarded as serious by
railway men who have been seen today. All
east and west bound trains are starting out on
South-eastern lines are subjected to delay.
Tbe prospect is not encouraging
lor warmer weather. Storm signals are fly
ing and a fnrther drop of three degrees is
At Omaha it is .3 below; St. Paul 10 be
low; Des Moines 16 View; Dubuque IS be
low; Fargo, Dakota, 2b View; Jamestown
33 below and Winnipeg 34 belew.
England and Russia.
London, February 16. Some excitement
was cteated here today, especially in com
mercial and financial circles, by tbe receipt ot
dispatches from Berlin announcing that the
Russian government has ordered two thou
sand Krupp guns for the purpose of strength
ening its position in Central Asia. Tbe guns
are to be ot the largest pattern and are evi
dently intended for service in fortresses.
They are of superior build. Simultaneously
with the above report came dispatches from
St. Petersburg stating that Sebastopol was ts
be made a free port.
Toronto, February 16. George Fulljames,
lightweight champion of Canada, has issued
a card offering to fight Hilly Han kins for
$500 and the lightweight championship.
If Hawkins does not accept, the challenge
is open to any man in Canada for one week,
and if it is not accepted Fulljames says he
will retire from the ring forever.
Wellseobo, Pa , February 16 Coles's ho
tel and W. C. Kress's residence were burned
early this morning and the Methodist church
badly damaged. Loss $33,000; insurance
$25,000. Twenty persons narrowly escaped,
many, in their night clothes only. All lost
their personal effects.
Fire at Salem, Maas.
Salem, February 16. The Mercer shop of
Joseph E. Arnold was burned this morning;
also the Morocco shop of Christopher Carter
and the Currying shop of George Hull & Co.
Arnold's loss is $25,000 insured. The other
buildings were damaged $15,000 insured.
Afraid of Dynamics.
Ottawa, February 17. Speaker Miller, of
tbe Senate, has issued an order excluding
everybody, prs included, from Visiting any
of the adjacent rooms to the chamber, no
matter what their mission may be. It is said
tl at he is afraid of dynamite.
Free-Trade In Pictures Wanted.
Rove, February 16. A meeting of Amer
ican artists was held yesterday at which W.
W. Stovey, sculptor and poet presided, and a
petition to Congress was prepared asking for
the abolition of duties on works of art im
ported into the United Stated.
The Queen la Still 111.
London, February 16. Dispatches from
Osborne pronounces the Queen still unable to
travel, and as a consequence her return to
Windsor is again postponed. A few days of
perfect rest are required.
Beshrned to His Fat.
Rome, February 16. W. W. Astor, Ameri
can Minister to Italy, will resign his position
at the end of February. Edwards Pierrepont
will act as charge de affairs until tbe new
Safe blowers have been meeting with some
success in Xenia, O.
Passenger rates eastward from Cmcinna'i
have been cut almost one-half.
An aged lady named Esther Thomas was
burned to death in a frame building in De
Jesse Phillips, a pioneer citizen of Cham
paign county, Ohio, died at the age of eighty
six. Lewis G. Megrue, a prominent contractor
and builder of Cincinnati, died in Cincinnati
The Exchange bank, at Bcllville, Ohio, was
closed by the sheriff on three writs of attach
ment, aggregating $6,500.
James Chumley was convicted of man
slaughter for the killing of Thomas Lamb in
Cincinnati, tn o years ago.
The ilint-glas factory of King, Son k Co.,
Pittsburg, will start np February 16, giving
employment to 250 men.
The House )f Representatives passed the
bill to increase tbe pension ef General
Thomas's widow to $2,000 a year.
It is reported that a woman in the City of
Mexico gave birth to seven children in one
day. All the children died.
A female temperance crnsade has broken
out in St. Paris, Ohio, under the leadership of
Mrs. Moore, a Cincinnati evangelist.
The ice gorge in the Muskingum river is a
source of great fear to those living along the
river. Much damage has already been done.
Butler Mahoae, son of Senator Mabone, is
charged with assault to kill John Wellis, a
colored waiter in Welcker'a Hotel, Washing
ton. A two-year-old daughter of Samuel Rout,
of Stanford, Ky.,was burned to death during
the temporary absence of her mother from
A west-bound Panhandle freight train
jumped the track eight miles east of Colum
bus and the conductor, Richard T. Sheridan,
was instantly killed.
Captain Phelan testified Saturday that he
informed the Captain of tbe steamship (jueen
that dynamite hid been placed on board.
This was the Captain's "crime," for which he
was stabbed by Short.
The attendance on the New Orleans Ex
position is increasing.
Burt D. Bishop, of Cincinnati, has not only
proved to be a forger but has also cut on his
hotel bill, at the Gibson House, Cincinnati.
There is an improvement in the situation
in the Hocking Valley.
Francis A. Drexel, the Philadelphia banker,
Mrs. Ralph O. Smith (born Comstock) has
just died at Columbus.
At Forsythe, Mo , Ben Price shot and
killed T. C. Spellings.
At Shelbyville, Ky Will Adams and
Tinie Wilmouth, lovers, were found dead
from pistol shots.
A snowslide swept through the mining
camp of Alta, near Little Cottonwood, Utah,
and destroyed three-fourths of the town.
Sixteen persons were killed.
A bitter political fight in Boise City, Idaho,
has resulted in the sacking of tbe office of the
Republican paper, and an attempt to burn the
office of the Democratic paper.
A note purporting to come from a secret
organization of unemployed workingmen
threatens to blow up the town ot Fmdlay, O ,
with dynamite, if work is not furnished by
The Executive Committee of the American
Iron and Steel Association congratulates the
manufacturers of the United States and the
country generrally "upon the prospect that
the depression in business is apparently uear
ing its end."
Andrew Sbrefller, living near Kankakee,
111., harbored a tramp during the late cold
weather. During his absence the tramp as
saulted Mrs. SchrefBer and beat her and frac
tured her skull because she screamed for help.
He is in the custody ot tbe sheriff to await the
result of the injuries inflicted by him.
Harry H. Fowler was crushed to death by
cars at Newark, O.
A fire in Jacksonville, Fla., destroyed five
buildings. Loss, $50,000.
The Union Iron Mills, of Pittsburg, resume
operations in all departments.
The assignee of Archbihop Purcell has in
hand a balance of about $180,000.
A number of Chicago Socialists are on mis
sionary tours through Ohio and Illinois.
It is announced that the strike in the Hock
ing Valley is ended, after having continued
Cleveland will be asked by Democratic
Congressmen not to commit himself on the
silver question in his inaugural address.
Mrs. Shiners, aged seventy-five, was burned
to death at her home at Dallas; Texas., Her
clothes caught fire from a stove.
The Cincinnati gun club woa all individual
prizes and team races at tbe international
clay pigeon tournament at New Orleans.
Ex-Sheriff Spangler, of Somerset Pa., com
mitted suicide by blowing his brains out
Done on account of financial embarrassment
Dr. Leopold Damrosch, leader of the New
York Metropolitan opera house, orchestra,
died suddenly of pneumonia complicated by
Two hundred sheep, eighty hogs and a
number of horses were killed in a wreck of a
freight train on the Pennsylvania railroad
near Birmingham, Pa.
Three suicides were committed Sunday by
persons who shot themselves with revolvers
one in Cincinnati, one in Bryan, Texas,
and one in Somerset, Pa.
The Senate of Oregon passed the House
local option bill providing that license can be
issued only on petition of a majority of tbe
voters in the precinct where the saloon is lo
cated. The various branches ef the Irish National
League, of New York and Brooklyn, have
decided to establish a fund for the payment
of salaries ot Irish members of the English
The liquor men of Cleveland, Ohio, are not
satisfied with the resnlt of the Democratic
legislative caucus on the license question, as
they desire to have the maximum license
fixed, and will oppose a plain license amend
ment. John and Peter Hoover, brothers, and a son
of the former, aged twelve years, were run
down by a switch engine on the N. Y., P. &
O. railroad, in Cleveland, O. The brothers
were killed and the boy had an artn crushed.
Rev. Hugh O'Neill, pastor of St. Patrick's
Catholic church, Indianapolis, has been lorced
to resign by Bishop Chatard on account of
having given support to Mr. Blaine last fall.
His congregation passed resolutions unan
imously disapproving of the action of the
Addie Armstrong, daughter of ex-Senator
Armstrong, committed suicide at her home in
Cincinnati, by shooting herself in the head
with her brother's pistol. Tbe cause is sup
posed to be temporary derangement on ac
count of ill-health and threatened loss of sight
A Harvard dinner was held at Wormley'e,
Washington, on Wednesday evening, to
which two Harvard graduates, who were
colored, were not invited. As a result of this
certain other graduates Hon. Robert T.
Lincoln, Secretary of War; Hon. George
Bancroft, Edward Everett Hale, and others,
A dispatch from Korti, dated Sunday,
gays: The Mudir i3 now convinced that
Khartoum has fallen and General Gordon is
dead. A cavass of Ibrahim Bey Reichdi
states that Farag admitted the rebels to Khar
toum. The cavass, with his master, went to
the Government Houe and met Gordon
coming out, armed, with Mahomed Bey,
Mustapha, and twenty cavasses. While pro
ceeding te the Austrian consulate, they met a
party of rebels, wbo fired a volley. Gordon,
Mahomed and Mustapha fell dead.
I talked with several of the most intelli
gent colored men in Springfield which for
obvious reasons appears to be the seat of dis
affection, and they generally saia that the
movement was a manufactured one, and its
only effect might be to make an excuse for
gome of the worthless element to desert to
the side which now has the power and the
"boodle." They said it was not a deeply
grounded feeling, and would have no effect
among the intelligent and thinking colored
voters. F. D. M. in Com. Gaz.
Hattio Tync Oriawold.
(She walks all shod in silken shoon,
Her face is wreathed in sunny smiles, ,
Eer voice is soft as secret thought.
Hero eyes are full of luring wiles,
Her hand has a caressing thnll,
Its touch, though light, is Hrni and strong.
Her laugh u like a rippling brook.
Her tones am tones of tenderest song.
Bhe goes before you liko a thought
Ot subtlest music, vague but sweet;
The spell is in the earth, tbe air.
Pervades all space, rounded, complete,
Whero'eryou turn the charm remains,
Delicious languors chain the will;
She lures you on from dawn to dtk.
Your deepest dream can feel her thrill.
Unto tho hidden deep of thought
Pierces her sorcery's cleaving power,
Your most olusive thought she reads,
Her wand dirinos your weakest hour.
Bhe touches all responsive chords
Within your soul, where still and deep
They held their mjsiounsuspect,
In magic calm, in fateful sloop.
Beneath the witchery of ber wiles
Go down the bulwarks of your will.
The slumberous languors of her oyes
Have power all struggling thought to still.
Bhe holds you close as inmost thought
Within a trance so subtly sweet.
That snared in meshes soft as silk
You reel and fall before her feet
And yet her steps take hold on helL
Her way ia downward unto death.
Her hands oro full of serpents' fangs,
And sure destruction is her breath.
What e're corrodes, corrupts, consumes.
Lies in her veded and sbado ,?J eyes;
Who yields unto her siren lure
Beholds too soon her hideous guise.
THE TOWN OF PULLMAN
A VILLAGE DESIGNED AS A MODEL
Workings of a rhilanthrople Despotism
Social Advantages, Prevalent Kespecta
bUltr and Low Death ltato Tho
Loan of "Spontanletv."
New York Sun.1
The town of Pullman la situated on tile
Illinois Central railroad, about a dozen miles
to tbe south ot Chicago. It is the beat of the
works of the "palace car" company of which
Mr. Gecrge il. Pullman is president, and is
chiefly inhabited by the employes of that
company and their families. Although the
construction of the factories was not begun
until tho spring of 1SS0, when tho site of the
town was unbroken prairie land, the city of
Pullman contained last September a popula
tion ol 8,513 souls.
The intention of Mr. Pullman was to make
it a model community, in which the work
ingiian could obtain many of the advant
ages ordinarily secured by wealth alone, and
whei the inhabitants could pass lues of al
most ideal order and beauty. He put the
building of the town under the direction of
a single architect, who was instructed to lay
out the place on scientific principles, and was
able to preserve a unity of design which
would not have been possible under other
Tho result is told very entertainingly by
Mr. Richard T. Ely in the last number of
Harper's Magazine, and his descriptions and
observations are accompanied by many il
lustrations of much artistic merit We
have also a report upon the "industrial, so
cial, and economic conditions of Pullman,"
made by the convention of the commission
ers of labor statistics of the different states.
That convention met lost June in St Louis,
and, according to agreement, assembled
again m Pullman in September and spent
three 'days In studying the working of Mr.
Pullman's social experiment
Both these authorities speak with admira
tion of tho town in its superficial aspects, at
least It is indeed a sight as rare as it is de
lightful, says Mr. Ely. "Whot might have
been taken for a wealthy suburban town is
given np to busy workers, who literally earn
their bread by the sweat of their brow."
There are no drones, and "clergynnn, offi
cers ot the company, ani mechanics live in
adjoininwg dwellings. " T-e place has an
"aU-pervaJins air of thrift I nd providence,"
and in the "laborer's quarters not a delap
idated doorstep nor a broken window,
staffed pel haps with old clothing, is to be
Tbe housts, which are of brick, are built
in groups of two or more, and even in blocks,
but each one has its architectural peculiari
ties, and neatly-trimmed lawns separata the
dwellings from the street The frontage of
all the buildings extends along five miles of
olid paved streets, and there aro fourteen
miles of railroad track laid for the use of
those in the shops and the town. Great care
and expanse have been expended on a scien
tific drainage and sewage system, and a
water tower distributes through the town a
supply of water from Lake Michigan.
Among the public buildings are a pictur
esque hotel, a church, a market house, and
an arcade, containing the only shops in the
town, a library, and a theatre. The streets
are wide, well-built, anl wherever possible
parked. The cheapest tenement is supplied
with gas and water and with gerbage out
lets. "The housekeeper throws the garbage
into a specified receptacle, and bos no more
care of it"
The library contains 16,000 volumes, the
gift of Mr. Pullman, and has a reading-room
with many periodicals. "The library-rooms
are elegantly furnished with Wilton carpets
and plush-covered chairs, and the walls art)
beautifully painted;" for it Is "part of the
design of Pullman to surround laborers, as
far as possible, with all the privileges of
large wealth." Ni thing being free in the
town, the annual subscription to the library
Is $3. An attempt has been made to induce
the subscribers to improve their taste in
reading; but, as is usually the case with
such libraries, three-quarters of the books
taken out are works of fiction. There is a
handsome free school building, common
livery accommodations are provided, and
the Pullman company sustains a fire depart
ment In fact, tbe Pullman company sustains
everything in Pullman. It owns all the
land and all the buildings, which now num
ber over 1,500, and which are rented at rates
varying from $4 a month for the cheapest
flats to $100 a month for the largest private
house in the place. The rent usually paid
varies from $14 to $25 a month; and, as a
business enterprise, Pullman is successful,
for it yields a handsome interest on the
money expended, and the land has vastly
increased m value. It is also remarkable
for its healthfulness, the death rate being
only about one-halt that of the nearest town.
The "silent educational influence of their
eurroundingo," we are told works a great
change in the inhabitants. Slovenly house
wives. are shamed into habits of cleanliness
and order by the good example of then
neighbors and the spick and span condition
of the town generally. "Men who are accus
tomed to lounge on their front stoops, smok
ing pipes and in their dirty shirt sleeves,
soon dro-s and act more in accordance with
the requirements ot society."
And yet, Mr. Ely tells us, the inhabitants
of this model city are not content; and why!
Because Mr. Pullman is' resolved that they
shall be happy in the way he appoints and
in no other. They cannot own their dwell
ings for these all belong to the company,
which will not sell them. They have no part
in tbe municipal government and nothing to
say in regard to it, for the company controls
everything with a despotic hand. "The
power of Bismarck m Germany is utterly
insignificant," says Mr. Ely, "when com
pared with the power of the ruling authority
of the Pullman Polaco Car company in Pull
man." Every tenant holds his house on a
lease which may be terminated on ten days'
notice, and that no reason need be given for
the notice the lease expressly stipulates.
The consequence in that people who. try
this model community, and come under the
philanthropic despotism of Mr. Pullman, are
usually very tired of it after a .short resi
dence. The velvet carpets and plush-covered
chairs of toe library, the green and closely
haven lawns, th prevalent respectability.
and even the low deatn rate, do not compen
sate for the loss of f reedom and tpontamety.
It is all very nice and proper, but it would
be more to their tastes to sit on tho stoop m
tueir snirc sleeves and smoke a pip", when
they felt so inclined. The unvaiying order I
becomes oppressive, and, as the statistical,
commissioners say, ' sometimes causes a sigh I
for tbe looser ways and tho consequent
looser morals of other communit es." One
woman told Mr. Ely that she had been in
Pullman two vears, and that there were
only three families of hei acquaintances wbo
were there when she came. "V."e call it
campinc out," she added.
The Lovable and Loving; Girls of the
Sunny South Sympathetic Atmos
phere of a Southern Ilome
The Colored reopte.
P"Garth's Letter in The Argonaut
From 15 to 20 tho southern girl is a joy to
the beholder. A creamy complexion, with
sometimes, but not often, a faint flush of
pink underneath, soft eyes with a world of
dreams in them, a rounded figure, tiny
hands and feet, and kittenish ways make it
no marvel that the youth masculine of New
Orleans is mostly married at 22 or 23. A
girl of 20 who has not received half a dozen
offers, at loast. Is socially a failure Matri
mony is the grand, authorized aim, as pub
licly recognized as the Louisiana lottery.
Girls are educated to marry, and to detest
the circumstances that conrpel them to earn
their living in any le-.s womanly way.
"I married," said a little lady to
me the other day, discussing the
somewhat unfortunate position of family at
fairs. The inference was plain. But there
are girls, brave girls, whose pretty faces
may be seen behind the counisrs of almost
every large store m New Orleans, who,
whale hating conformity with shoppy condi
tions, have put their delicate shoulders to
the wheel of family adversity, and sweetly
contributed their mites to the general in
come. Of the professional ambition that
fires their northern sisters they know noth
ing. They are innately and entirely do
mestic, lovable and loving, asking only to be
shielded from the facts of life, anl permis
sion to unlimitediy pirouette.
A youug lady may receive alone, and gen
erally does; may drive with a gentleman,
but may not accept his escort so the theatre,
concert or ball, without a chaperon; Sunday
evening is devoted to reception all over the
city; church m tbe morning is the usual
limit to devotion; fire-crackers and brass
bands enliven the day, and anything can be
purchased, from carpets to caramels. The
girls sit in their pretty summer dresses upon
the wide steps of the pillared veranda, their
various admirers po-mg with admirable
effect in their immediate vicinity. It is all
very pict usque, very idyllic. There is
much rhythmic laughter and distracting
coquetry, many graceful compliments ani
imperial edicts. To make hay while the sun
shines, is a rule of conduct no less practical
than valuable to these charming demoi
selles, for their beauty is the beauty of the
queenly magnolia a touch of frost, a bruise
of fortune, and it is gone, withered, faded,
yellowed, a suggestion of the past
The southern man, to all appearance, is a
most chivolnc individual. His stature la
not usually in proportion to tbe height of
his aspirations or the breadth of his percep
tions; but what there is of him tingles with
appreciation of feminind loveliness, and de
votion to feminine requirements. His coun
tenance is sallow but fails to advertise the
awful ravages '( American dyspepsia that
walk abroad in so many of Chicago's hurry
ing faces. His cigars aro excellent and his
manners unimpeachable Business men will
ask you to pay three prices for their goods
with a seren.ty unrippled, and a bland per
suasion that is irresistible; but if misfortune
makes you her creditor, they will rarely
push their claims.
Southern home life is essentially home
like. The alien finds himself in a sympa
thetic atmosphere, m which all his budding
genial impulses break into astomsbing bloom,
and amaze him at the tropical result The
demonstrativeness of family connections is
a little startling at first; but one won recog
nizes that the quality is indigenous as the
chameleon. By tho way, I made my first
acquaintance in that large and interesting
family tbe other day. He was sitting with
green composure upon a vine outside my
window; but when ho saw me he took np a
brown position upon a branch. When 1
made a futile endeavor to poke him with my
parasol, he looked at me with a satirical
expression and smiled he did I but declined
to change his expression agora. I
should have been surprised to see
him frown, however, Louisianians are so
agreeable. The colored hand-maidens that
Abound in your temporary home have re
duced service to a suave, soft-footed, self
respectful science. Like the quaint strains
of halt forgotten music fall the familiar
phrases of Uncle Tom's numerous relatives.
A good many the phrases, not the relatives
have been adopted and pass current with
"I 'clar, it's mean to' you to do me that
way, honey," cnes the hysterical Sallie to
the tickling Allele. Could she make a more
distinctively Ethiopian remark!
"It's going to be mighty cold befo' mo'n
ing, I reckon," says our hostess scanning tha
thermometer, which registers an Arctic
temperature of 45 degrees. "Of co'so, in
December we must expect right sma't
In the kitchen, however, we hear lofty
"l'se done got quite a 'pinion o' dat young
pusson," says Vie cook of the housemaid.
"She's so presumptions to her work."
"Let him take yore appetite, chile," ad
vises the newly tin-typed Samba "It don't
hurt a bit"
Old fashions cling to old servants. Grand
mother is still "ole miss," her daughter "Mis'
Rosa," and the young ladies re pectively
"Missy." Nobody employs white servants
here while colored ones are to be had.
Bather Too Keallstic
New York Cor. Chicaco Journal
There is a woman who teaches a class of
boys in the Sunday-school of the Rev. Dr.
John Hall's enormously rich Presbyterian
church, and it may be that the frequency of
crime in financially trusted persons led her
to think that some new and forcible lesson
as to punishment was needed. She invited
the pupils to go at her expense to the elab
orate wax-work exhibition which has been
opened. Under the mam hall, in recesses
formed by heavy pillars and vaulted ceiling
where the aspect is all subterranean and
prisonish, are representations ot the capital
punishment as inflicted in different coun
tries. The figures are marvelously life-like, the
accessories are perfect, the light theatrically
effective, and the whole quite horrible. The
Japane e headsman has just done his bloody
work, the Ru sun torturers are at a writh
ing victim, dcapitation in the Turkish style
has been performed, a French guillotine is m
operation, and an American mob is hanging
a man. I have seen seven murderers on .real
scaffolds, and, my word for it, theso imita
tion punishments lack nothing in realism.
Well, the woman lectured descriptively to
her class, and felt that she had done them
good; but her zeal is rewarded by serious
blame, and she will never repeat her feat of
Ending In "Dona.
Yale and Harvard aro competing to find
the greatest number of English words
ending in "dous." Those so far discovered
are: Tremendous, hazardous, stupendous
jeopardous, nodous, turdigradous, multi
tldous, hybridous, and olidous.
A Fortune from a Watch.
Some ten years afo a French emigrant
named Farre landed in Truxillo, Honduras,
without a cent in his pocket or a second coat
to his back. Tbe only thing ot any value
which he owned was an old silver watch.
He sold the watch for $4 and began life oa
this capital. To-dav he is worth afortuna
ana. lives in nnesiyie in ram.
ShZ m "" tap0lt and eXprt toW -
oiuonauras. - ?'
WHAT BILL ARP SAYS.
Northerners and Southerners Mrs. Julia
IVard Howe Women of the South.
Tbe staff correspondent of Tho New York
Herald writes back from New Orleans that
nothing i ready and not likely to be ready,
and the northern people need not think ot
coming to the show until nxt spring or
maybe next full, for those dilatory southern
ers will take their own time and their own
methods. But if they do come they must
come with cloaks and shawls an 1 blankets,
for there is no climate so detestible; one day
is a sweltering, blistering sun and you have
to walk under tho shade of umbrellas, and
the next a col 1, damp atmosphere that chills
and penetrates to your marrow bone?, and
you can't get clo-e enough to the fire to
thaw. This may be all true, but he might
have said something good about something
He says that tho whole thing 13 torn up by
petty jealousies and that Mrs. Julia Word
Howe, who is at the head of the women's de
partmer t, has been hawked at so ranch by
the southerners that she will resign and go
home. And then he adds that'onr people be
lieve that tin is a sistr of Hary Ward
Beecher, and hence their jealousy and dis
like. Well, I don't believe that, it may be
so to some extent among a small class who
have no influnce, but I know that our read
ing people have a great respect and admira
tion for Mrs. Howe, and it was right to
choose Ler. She is one of the rao-t capable
women in the nation and in honoring her
we honor ourselves and the exposition. If
she has ever abused the south I do not know
it and I have been reading her contributions
to the press fcr many years.
I believe we have as capable womn in the
south as they have at the north but they
have not as much knowledge. They have as
much genius but not as much experience.
They are good judges and good critics but
do not know as well how to tylan and con
struct and systematize. Our women are
more retiring and domestic, and would
hesitate to take the risk of a public venture
like that Th -re are many departments that
the northern people excel in, and it wculd ba
strange if they did not, fur ther have had
larger opportunity They tmvel more and
see more and keep up with the ago. To lie a
truly great man or woman Kith bread lleas,
a trip around the world is a. good school.
Wonico W !i Ii to It. I
Nym Cruiklt-"s It.
I was very much s urpn I 11
to learn that one drajiatic a 1
u - day.
duced this thing to a system, and had suc
ceeded for set eral seasons in keepurg a com
pany on the road, and even m making
money, by charging women a good round
sum to place them in a company. He keeps
an advertisement standing in some of th
papers offering to funi.sa "talenteu' ama
teurs with good positions. He then strike
them for $500 or $1,000 apiece, gets capital
enough to start his show, gives them subor
dinate places and drops them out at tha end
of the season.
A few months ago a well known woman
produced a play at the Fifth Avenne theatra
in which were three indifferent female
amateurs wno paid all the expenses for tha
privilege of airing their dresses anl good
looks. I was told not lo-ij ago of a score ot
cheap compnmes then on the rood whose
female stars were paying weekly sums to
tho managers that they might act, and two
at least of these managers cams back with
monoy in their pockets, although they un
loaded their companies somewhere m tha
west Only last week I saw a woman who
had $5,000 in one hand and a five-act play
in the other, and she did not hesitate to say
that they went together. Whoever took one
would get the other. Had she got upon Union
Square with this proposition she would have
had a tail of impecunious managers as Ion;
as a St Patrick's procession.
It is difficult to determine whether tha
woman with money or tho woman with ig
norance is the most industrious in these ex
ploits. I have seen a number of reputable
managers besieging a woman to invest her
money m legitimate theatrical enterprise in
vain, and a gay Lothario with a big dia
mond whip iu and bag the whole of it with
out winking. It costs this order of woman
$10,000, to .10,000 to discover that business
isn't done that way.
A Curious Game of Chance.
Xew York Star.
Dropping into the private office of a big
firm of brokers recently I found the princi
pals, together with a number of friends, ab-.
sorted In a curious game of chance. On the
table ronnd which the players vtere gathered
there was a small, oblong box. A railing
ran around the edges and the lid was punct
ured with holes. Four lumps of sugar, num
bered from one to four, were laid on this
box, and the players watched them sedu
lously. By-and-by a cockroach emerged from one
of the holes and crawled up the lamp of
sugar marked number two. Instantly one
of the observers scooped a sum of money
from off the table. He hod bet on number
two, and these wero his winnings.
I watched the curious game for an hour,
during which a good deal of cash changed
hands, and not a word was uttered. A cer
tain cockroack which lost to one player
nearly $200 was incontinently ossasinated by
the unfort jnate broker, who crucified it with
"Is this game popular all alongtha streetl"
I asked of one of the gamblers.
"It is only played at two or three offices.
In the summer we use flies; in winter cock
roaches have to be utdized. You see its
perfectly fair, because the bug acts inde
pendently and impartially."
A Poisonous XJzard.
"Here," continued the naturalist, taking
down a flask and lifting out a lizard with a
thick, chunky tail and blunt hnuzzle, "is tha
famous heloderma, the only poisonous lizard
in tbe world. Yes, it's a native of the west,
and about the first time attention was called
to it was about seven years ago, when a
miner was attracted by a noise in the bash,
and, ccing toward it, noticed one of these,
lizards fighting with a rattlesnake. In about
ten minutes the nake dropped over dead.
But even then the scientific nien wouldn't
believe in its power, though yoi couldnt get
a plain man to touch one with a ten-foot
"Finally, the question attracted a good
deal of curiosity, and a number were caught
and sent east One of the scientific men at
the Smithsonian allowed the animal to bits
him, and waited for symptoms; and I tell
you he didnt have to wait long. When he
felt the something coming on be started for
help, and just managed to cry for it, and
that's all. It was a close shave with hurt. I
believe they dosed him with whisky, as they
do in the care of rattlesnake bites. The pe
culiarity of the bite of the heloderma is that
the poison has no extreme local effect, but
almost immediately affects the heart"
The "Penny Dreadful."
The illustrated London Police Sews,
known sometimes as the "Penny Dreadful,"
has a circulation of about SOO.OuO, chiefly in
the rural districts. This paper and Tha
Christian World are about the only two
papers ever seen in some communities.
How Professor TyndaU Felt.
Chicaso Journal. ,
Profesor Tyndall told this anecdote in
the course ot his third lecture on "The
Sources of Electricity" in London: He was
workinx with a battery equivalent to fifteen
large Leyden jars, in one ot his former dis
courses, and by chance he touched the arm
of the michine. It had long been an earn
est desire of the learned gentleman to see
the effect of this force upon a human being,
and he must have felt a peculiar gratifica
tion in experimenting upon himself. Tho
whole charge was instantly poured into his
body and nobody know anything about it
except himself. He found, however, that
his antic nerves were so curiouslr affected.
'-1- -- ..... tlnu Kia HmKa 1 tn Stln,
Sepsrated from his body otherwise h
- Si. ..m