Newspaper Page Text
Springfield Globe -Republic
THIS lIH" VI 1331. 1 GT..OII33.
Volume A'. Sunibor -.
SPBmGFIEIZ), OfflO, THURSDAY EVENING, FEBRUAKY 2G, 1885.
Tius HPiinxfMViiziiy itx:i'UiM.,io
I Volume X.X.X.I. Number 2N.
YVashixotox, Frb. 26. Tennessee anil
Ohio Valley : Light local rains and partly
cloudy weather; ligli raiUble uinil?; nearly
You decide upon a forty dollar suit to
measure, ne want to put in a word.
We're learned that eicrjdiing is down,
way down, and this is the nay our
spring samples are iiurkeil. They
came to-day. ItCAUTUlS.
Style 325, InvMblc Plaid Mixture,
In Sack Suit to measure, $23; s'jlc
309, very neat, black and white check,
in Sack Suit, $23, Pants $7.50: stile
326, beautiful broken plaide, inter
woTen nith bright colorings, in Sack
Salt, $2C, in 4 button cutaway, $27, in
pants, ?7.30; style 313, tine black
corkscrew worsted, Sn-k Suit, $27,
single breasted cntaway, $30, Trincc
Albert, $33, pants, $.50: style 314,
rich brown corkscrew worsted, same
quality and price as style 313; style 32$,
handsome brown broken plaid suiting,
sack suit, $24, cntaway, $25; style 327,
same quality and price as 32S; style
306, red hair line, trousering $7; style
300, line pin cheek cassintcre, sack
solt, $25, cutaway, $26, overcoat $23;
style 320, bine anil black trousering to
Measure, $7.50; stjle 31!, brown hair
line stripe trousering, $7; style 303,
handsome broken plaid suiting,;ack suit
$26, cntaway $27; style 31, golden
krown OTercoating, any style desired,
$23; style 318, fancy stripe trousering,
$7; style 310. fliie mixture suiting,
sack suit, $25; cutaway, $2. Others
are here, besides a great many more.
Enough is said to give yon a notion.
It requires 10 days time to get these
suite made. Others may put up a suit
quicker, but its not always the quickest
Bade that are the best. In ready-made
we've every grade. You can't miss by
seeing, yon can by purchasing else
25 & 27 West Main Street, Spring
field's Only One Trice Clothiers.
"Anddon'tyou skate, littlo girl?" ho
asked, as he sat down beside Iier.
"O, no, sir."
"But you can learn."
"I guess I could, but J. don't want
"And do vou come here just to watch
"O. no I come to watch Mrs. K."
"She's papa's second wife. He don't
want her to come, but she will do it."
"And why do you watch her?"
"Well, papa wanted her to promiso
that she wouldn't lean on anybody
when she was skating with Yin, and
that she wouldn't tlirt when she was
resting, but she wouldn't promise, and
so I came to watch her. These short
marks are when she leans and these
longs ones when she fiirts."
"And vou sliO.v them all to vour
"Yes, and he dates them and puts
them away, and by and by we'll have
enough to get a divorce on and marry
somebody who can't skate."
SPKINGFIKLD KFTTAIL, 3IAUKKTS. 1 1
CUKKECTXD ET ClliS. AV. TATSTKR Jfc Co.
Dally Report Thins lar. Feb. 20, ISSj.
BCTTKK-f carce at 25c retail.
EofcS Scarre at 30c ier doz.
Pocltrt Good demand; chickens, joudjt. 20a
SOc; old, Z535c each.
Apples -II ooal 50 per bush.
Potatoes aWe per bash.
Swikt Potatoes None.
Cabbage Scarce; S1.20 a tlM per Mil.; 15c per
Osioks Scarce; 11.20 per bush.
Bait Snow-Hike brand, 11.25 per bbl.
Coal Oil 8Jal5ail)c per gal.
bcqak-Ccked Heats Sides, 10c; shoulders, 10c;
bams, He; b. bacon, 12c
Scoaks A larce demand and nrlren 1a.- n.n.
nlated,7cperlb: "A" white, S'c per lb; eitra C
liht,6Xe per lb; yellow C.8ic per lb; C, 5c
Coffee Marin1 lower; Java, 20a30c per lb;
Elo, golden, ISaJO per lb; llio, prime green, 12ia
15c per lb; hlo.x nmon, 10c per lb.
riTacra lOaSOa'Oe it gal.
Molasses Se Orleans, WaMcpergal;sorKliim
60c per gaL
Bice Best Carolina, 8 Jc per lb.
Otstees 30c perU
Dried Applks 8 l-3c per lb.
Dried Peaches ri'.a. per ll.
Chiceexs Dressed, tl 7.iaS3..vaM so per dozen.
Tcreets ' 12c per lb.
Duces " tl J5aS 50 jwr doz.
Fine washed, 28aS0e; unwashed, oB.
Baisws New 10a!2c per lb,
CCBRAKTS New 7c I lb.
.fphs New 8Ve pe. lb.
Iacbk 10al2Jc perpouui.
rt.UHR M r 7jc prr lb.
" Bbl-Gold Dust, 75c
EBbl Gold Dust, I KM.
-Bbl HbiteIU.se, 55c
Bbl-Dayton S. K., c
PANIC IN WHEAT.
Price Cut Down by the Heavy
French Duty on Ameri
Startling Occurrence in the Illinois
Representative Logan Falls Dead
on the Floor or the House.
An Illinois Legislator Falls Demi.
Ciiicaco. February 20 A private telegram
just icceiTed here states that Representative
Logan, of Whiteside county (Republican),
was stricken with heart disease in the Illinois
Legislature Ibis morning and fell dead on the
floor ol the House.
SrnixCFiKLn, III., February 2C. Judge
Robert Logan, of Whiteside county, dropped
dead at the head of the House stairs as he was
on his way to the chamber. The elevator was
not running, and he attempted to walk up
the long stairway. Logan has been ailing
some time from heart disease, and could not
stand excitement of any kind. When he
dropptd on the House floor, opposite the main
entrance to the chamber, he was picked np
by friends and carried into the ante-room,
and the doctors called. Fire minutes later
be was pronounced dead.
l'nnic Among Wheat Men.
Chicago, February 20. 10 a. m. Traders
iu wheat on Cbinge hare bten in a panic
this mortiog. May whast, which bad fallen
to 81 yesterday, opened this morning at 80,
rallied somewtat, advancing to 80J, then
broke off sharply amid great excitement to
The exitement in the pits exceeded any
thing known for mentbs and only the pres
ence of somebuting orders and heavy cover
ing of shorts steadied the market at that
figure. Other mstkets are steady and firm.
The heavy decline is accredited to the action
of the French Assembly in imposing a heavy
import duty on American grain.
Wasiii.sctov, February 23. Senate The
legislative bill was taken up, but the senate
adjourned before a vote was reached.
L'ocsr.. The river and harbor bill was
taken up, but filibustering was indulged in
and at mldnigct, after a continuous session,
the house adjourned without taking action.
Washington', February 20. Hocse.
Ridgers, from committee on printing, re
ported joint resolution appropriating $200,000
lor printing 400,000 copies ol the Agricultural
Report for ISSj. Passed.
Cobb moved to suspend the rults and take
from the Speaker's table for reference to the
committee on public lands house bill repeal
ing the pre-ejiption of timber culture and
desert land laws, with senate amendments.
Colcmbc. February 25. Senate:. Con
ference committee's report restoring contract
tyttem at penitentiary on the piece-price plan
agreed to and bill became law; alfo partial
Senate joint resolution lor adjournment
from February 28 tn March 10 adopted.
House joint resolution to loan arms, tents
and fUjs for the reunion at Portsmouth next
Bills introduced : Authorizing payment for
surveys in cases of disputed county bounda
ries; punishment for bastardy by imprison
ment in certain cases.
Hocse. Reslntion to submit constitu
tional amendment lost yeas CO, nays 38,
party vote, lacking three votes ol adoption.
Conference committee's report restoring
con'ract system at penitentiary under piece
price plan agreed to.
Hills pused: House bill reorganizing Co
lumbus; senate bill amen.linglaw for military
Civil Service Examinations.
WasiiiXgtox, February 26. Civil service
examinatiors will be held in the western and
northwestern States as follows: Clereland,
March 1st; Detroit, March 10th; Kansas
City, March 24th; St. Paul. March 24th;
Minneapoli?, March 2Dlh; Madison, Wis.,
March 27th. At all these examinations offi
cials for department service in Washington
will be examined.
No Peaches tn Kaoiai.
I.AwrtE.vcE, Ka Febrnary 2C From re
ports received by the Horticultural Society
the entire peachcrop of Kansas will be a fail
ure, with a probability of the death of young
orchards. Apples and strawberries are re
ported all right but blackberries and small
berries generally are badly damaged by the
After the Socialists.
Paris, February 20. In accordance wiih
the request of Prince Hohenlohe, German
Ambassador to France, the Government has
ordered the expulsion ot 'he German Social
ists, concerned in the riot which occurred on
the occasion of the funeral ol Jules Valle, the
well-known socialistic journalist.
Two Men Drowned.
St. Louis, February 2C. A Chattanooga,
Tenn., special to Post Dispatch says Frank
Steele and Joe Ritchie, two farmers living
near there, were drowned early this morning
while attempting to cross Chicamaguit creek.
The bodies ol both weie recovered.
Legislators Golne to Washington.
CoLCMiitrs, O., February 20. The Legiila
tuie adopted the joint resolution this morn
ing to adjourn February 28th to March 10th
to give members an opportunity to attend the
A Journalistic Fraud.
Pabis, February 20. Knubley, an Eughsh
journalist, is accused of fabricating the re
portsof an alleged Irish dynamite convention
in this city, and has been arrested for shoot
ing at the editor of La France tor making the
The Prlncw of Wnlea ami Ireland,
Dcbms, February 2G. The "United Ire
land," newspaper, in commenting today on
the proposed Tisit of the Trince ot Walts to
Ireland disclaims any particle of disrespect
for the Prince, but it says: "If the Castle
Flunkies organii; any mock demonstration of
enthusiasm tbey may rest assured that there
will be counter displays which will crer-
shadow any demonstrations Earl Spencer
Bismarck quietly "scooped" Samoa away
It is believed that Edmund Yates, journal
ist, will soon be released from Holloway
Mr. and Mrs. John R. McLean are in Wash
ington and will remain until after the inau
guration. President Arthur invited Mr. Cleveland to
become his guest at the White House, but he
declined with thanks. The President will
call upon Mr. Cleveland at the Arlington and
escort him to the inauguration.
Senator Mcl'herson suggests the spending
of $5,000,000 a year in strengthening the
It has b.en decided in the U. S. court at
Louisville that R J. Breckenridge must pay
(in the Knights of Honor case) $110,490.18
into court today, February 20.
The boilir ot the Dayton screw factory ex
ploded Wednesday morning, causing $2,000
damage and two weeks' delay. The walls
are torn in bad shape. The main building is
uninjured. The explosion was caused by
over pressuie of steam, the boiler having be
come crystalized from use. No person was
Cleveland says he is in favor of stopping
The Xew York World, of February 2Cth,
gives the cabinet as follows: Bayard, secre
tary of state; Manning, secretary of the treas
ury; Lunar, secretary of the interior; Gar
land, attorney general; Vilas, postmaster
general. This leaves the war and navy port
folios to be filled.
Hon. Henry L. Morey, of Hamilton, O , is
named for governor.
Richard Ryan, of ML Carmel, Pa., com
mitted suicide by taking a dose ol laudanum.
Daniel W. Mason, a lawyer of Richmond,
Ind., has been indicted for embezzlement.
The Democrats and Greenbarkers of Mich
igan have made up a compromise ticket on
Mary A. Fletcher, of Burlington, Vt., who
died Tuesday, bequeathed $2CO,000 to the
Mary Fletcher hospital.
Henry Jennings was horribly mangled by
machinery at Akron, O , his right arm being
torn from its socket.
The Republican members or the Ohio Leg
islature held a conference and decided to
stand by the principles of the Scott law.
Webb and Roach, the Xotwicb (Conn.)
bank defaulters, pleaded guilty and were
sentenced to fire years in the penitentiary.
A suspicions store in Pittsburg was raided
by the police, and $5,000 worth of stolen
goods, consisting of watches, etc., were re
covered. An additional $70,000 was forwarded from
the city of Mexico to the King of Spa:n, to be
used for the relief of the earthquake sufferers.
Lieutenant E. W. Remey, executive officer
of the U. S. training ship Portsmouth, is
mysteriously missing from his vessel, now ly
ing at Norfolk, Y.
The Minnesota House ot Representatives
passed a joint resolution memoralizing Con
gress to place General Grant on the retired
list of the army.
Pattison, Democratic Governor of Pennsyl
vania, approved the concurrent resolution
memoralizing Congress to pass the bill for
the retirement of General Grant.
lhe high license bill which passed the
House of the Minnesota Legislature, failed to
pass the Senate. The friends of the measure
will make another effort.
A county court Judge, ot Chicago, denied
the petition of a respectable Chinese and his
wife for the adoption of a white child against
the consent of the mother of the child, on the
ground of policy.
William Neal, the last of the Ashland mur
derers, was taken from Mt. Sterling to Gray
son, Ky., for execution. He protested his in
nocence to those assembled at the Mt Sterling
depot, and insisted that the witnesses against
him had perjured themselves.
The report of the Springer Investigation
Committee, signed by Springer and Van
Alstyne, recommends the removal of U. S.
Marshal Lot Wright on account of usurpation
of authority and the unlawful u-e of deputies
at the polls on election day, October last. A
minority repott will assert that the conclu
sions of the majority report are without a
basis to rest npon, there being good reason
for the use of the deputies, and that there was
no intimidation and no outrage upon suffrage
except lhe arrest of Republicans by police to
prevent their voting and assault upon peacea
ble citizens by Democratic thugs.
Following is the biography of a 10-year-old
youngster of this city's public
school, written by himself:
First When and where were you
born? Of what descent?
Second Where have you lived?
Third How have you spent your
Fourth What remarkable things
have happened to you?
Fifth What should you like to be
come? "I was born in Kansas City, Jackson
County. Mo.; West Central States, U.
S. A.; Western Hemisphere; Tuesday,
Jan. 13. 1873.
"I am English descent. I have lived
in Kansas City all my life.
"Once I tumbled down a well, and
was fished out with a clothes-line. I
fell down steps two or three times, and
mashed my lingers once when I was a
littlo kid. I got in some jam that had
Cayenne pepper in it, and it made me
dance like a wet hen on a hot brick.
"I want to become an angel." An
sas Gitu Journal.
A sure euro for potato bugs is claimed
to have been found by a Wisconsin
farmer. His plan i to plant one or
two llax seeds in each hill of potatoes,
lie says that the bugs will shun it
every time, and for ten years he lias
thus been successful in growing pota
toes while others have failed. It is
. - SW
The incendiary through carelessness
aud the incendiary by purpose are not
&o wide apart as is generally imagined
- Orillu. Out., Acres Letter.
Vou ask me why my eyes are fllleil with tears.
Whene'er I meet the violets of the Spring?
You can not tell what thouirhts o( byirone
Those Minnie rlntrs have never failed to
I bad a lirothcrcnce; his irravc it BWn.
And lonir n?o was carved the headstone's
Hut fresh his meinorv still I havo not seen
One like lilm, since he left me desolate.
For we wero tnlns, and bound Iit ties so
It seemed that neither could exist apart:
Yet bo was taken AM what memories
E'en to this day, on my liereaved heart.
He faded from lis In the Winter time.
When all the sun's warmth from bis rays de
parts; Sometimes we fancy n more jrenlal clime
Might have restored him to our anxious
My mother prnjed him tell her was there
That pold could purchase, or that lovo could
Which he desired; so tenderly she sought
To bring hack smiles Ukii the hollow cheek.
"Arc there no violets yet?" he answered low.
We sent out messengers the country1 round:
In vain. In vain, the hills wero deep with
And cruel frost lay on the level ground.
"Will not the violets come beforethe Spring?"
How plaintive camo the question day by
None could tie found: It only served tn wring
Our loving hearts to answer always "Kay."
At last one day ho 'woke revived from sleep
Andsmlllng thanked us for them; .but wo
It wag a drcam, for still the snow lay deep.
Not e'en a snowdrop dared to lift its head.
Yet he averred their perfume Hllcd the air!
"How could he doubt it? sure the flowers
were nigh 1"
Alasl we knew no violets could be there
Yet seemed they present to his fervid eye.
So spake he. till he slept he 'woko no more;
Sweet brother, was it worthy of regrets.
That the next morn, from distant parts they
To our sad borne, the longed-for Tlolcts?
Was he by fancy happily deceived?
Or were his dying senses rarefied.
And actual knowledge blissfully achieved.
Tasting the fragrance as he softly died?
I wept whilo bending o'er his coffined rest.
Hushing my anguish for a last caress;
I strew'd the violets on his pallid breast
icrnaps sun conscious 01 incir loveliness.
It was sunny weather, and wo made the hay
And the air was perfumed richly with the
hay liefore us spread.
And the streamlet ran beside us, and the dis
tant rabbits eyed us.
And the cowbells tinkled sweetly, and the
lark sang overhead:
When I whispered softly In her ear and this
was II I said:
"It Is sunny July weather! Sha!!we make the
Shall we make the hay together love forever
and a da ?
Will you come and lie my bride, love? May I
linger by jour side, love?
May 1 linger.llnger by yuur side forever and
And this was really all she said to what I had
"It Is sunny July weather! We will make the
We will make the hay together, love, forever
and a day.
For I love you, love you, dear, and although I
shed a leur.
It Is only for tWs new Joy, which shall never
pass aw ay
Which shall never have an ending, love, for
ever and a day."
Kit-hard It. Dean, In the Current.
A Itaiil on Ilattlrsnakes.
Occasionally says a Colorado Cow
boy in the Hoslon Commercial Utttletin,
by the hard-baked mound of a pjjrrie
dojr's hole, the sunlight would strike
with a dull glitter on the back of a
rattlesnake, aud then the boys were
never in too great a hurry to stop and
kill the "varmint" with the loaded end
of a quirt. The snakes were arrant
cowards, always making every effort
to run away from an attack; as, how
ever, their very best time was never
faster than a lazy man could walk,
they never were allowed to escape.
They were easily killed, a small blow
from a quirt, or the knotted end of a
lariat, stretching them out motionless
but for a faint movement of the tail,
which the cowboys claim will not die
until sundown. "Unless killed by the
first blow a rattlesnake becomes roused
to savage fury, desperately coiling it
self for an attack; but it is an unequal
fight, and the snake is easily defeated.
Ono Hilly insisted upon stopping
and skinning one peculiarly sleek ana
shining specimen. He said that a snake
skin worn around the hat would al
ways ward off headache and toothache
"from the wearer, and he considered it
an especially prudent plan to assume
this simple preventative at the begin-,
ning of a round-up. I may remark, in
passing, that the odors that presently
began to emanate from the dying skin,
increasing in volume and intensity day
by day, might have afflicted a sensitive
person more than the combined mala
dies it was supposed to keep at bay.
Hilly further assured us that a bite
into the back of a live rattlesnake
would insure a person good teeth for
tho rest of his life. He was not abso
lutely certain about that, although he
owned that he "allers, somehow, felt
agin tryin1 himself." Billy's "pard,"
Sam, seemed to" express tho general
sentiments of the party when he re
marked that there was "lots of curious
ness about snakes."
Sam said he always carried a piece of
blue vitriol in his pocket at a round-up
for snake bites. If he was bitten ho
had only to spit on the vitriol and nib
it on the spot to draw out all the poi
son at once. Hut the rest of the party
were disposed to hoot in derision at
this remedy, preferring to place their
reliance on good whisky. Sam had
proper respect for this remedy too, but
he agreed witli much naivete: "Good
whisky is hard to keep ready."
The Future Novel.
Xow that Mr. Howells has made an
achronism popular, tho country may
look for an improvement in literature.
The following Is a selection from a fu
ture novel. "When Gregory arose,
tho sun was brightly shining. Tho
cold wind and the drifting snow chill
ed him, and taking off his coat to en
joy the fresh air, no blew his frozen
noso and raked the perspiration from
his reeking brow. There was no time
to be lost, and Gregory hurried on
ward. When he reached the river, ho
was puzzled. There was no boat in
sight, and ho knew not how to cross.
The August sun beat fiercely down,
and standing on the burning sands,
Gregory failed to enjoy himself. After
a while a bright idea struck him. He
would cross the ice. He heaved a
sigh of relief when he reached tho op
posite shore. The country was beauti
ful. As far as the eye could reach,
there waved the rich grass of the
prairie. Stopping under a large oak
tree whose leaves waved an invitation,
Gregory took an ax from his pocket
and began to chop wood. The coating
of sleet flew at every stroke. When
he had kindled a fire and broiled an
oyster which he had killed with a stick,
lie lay down in the cool shade and
sank to sleep. How long he slept he
knew not. He was awakened by a
rainstorm. Rising, he continued his
courso over tho parched desert." Ar
IVn rirtnros or the House in Sesslon-
The Ktlqurtte of the American
The national house of representa
tives! How few people in tho United
States havo seen it, writes a corre
spondent to the Cleveland Leader, and
how different is their idea of it from tho
reality. It is now 3 o'clock in the after
noon. Tho houso is in tho midst of
its daily session, and a din like that of
a boiler-factory surrounds me as I sit
in tho press gallery and write as nearly
as I can a photograph of the scenes be
fore me. It is an immenso room, this
house chamber. It is the largest leg
islative hall in the world.
Its floor covers nearly one-fifth of
an acre, and its height from floor to
roof is thirty-six feet. It looks the
smaller for the hundreds that are in it.
It is composed of a great central pit
about fifteen feet deep, with deep gal
leries rising from its top and going up
ward by five graduated lines of benches
until the lifth row strikes tho buff and
green paper of the outer wall. Those
galleries will seat 2,500 people, and tho
seats within them look down upon tho
bear garden of the arena in tho same
way as docs those from which tho
spectators watch a Spanish bull-fight.
me wans oi tins pit are paneled in
pink and velvety llowered buff, and
around each panel is a gilt frame fine
enough to blind a Kaphacl or a Van
dyck. In two of these panels are pict
tures of historic scenes by liierstadt,
and on cither side of the speaker's
desk are pictures of Washington by
Vanderlyn and of Lafaye.tte by Ary
In this wall, opening out of the con
gressional pit, are arched door-holes
all ornamented with carving and gold.
Some of these lead to cloak rooms,
others to the barber shops of tho capi
tol, one to the house library, and six
to tho outside corridors, where the
lobbyists and other bores have to wait
until their friends come out to sec
Sitting in the press callcry vou can
look into the cloak rooms and barber
shops. Judge Reagan, of Texas, is in
the barber's chair at this moment, and
his swarthy face shines out at me from
the midst of white lather. There arc
a crowd of congressmen in tho cloak
rooms, and among them I see Tom
Ochiltree's red face wreathed in smoke,
and Judge Poland's royal countenance
convulsed with laughter. The 325
overcoats and hats ot the little great
men who are performing below mo
hang in those cloak rooms. Some of
them are very seedy-looking, indeed,
and not one out of ten would be worth
stealing. Tho doors leading out of the
house into the corridors arc donble.
This is to keep the outs out and the
ins in. Each is also guarded by two
doorkeepers, able-bodied men who
hold their chairs down in those well
warmed halls for 1,200 per annum.
Each of the gallery doors also has a
doorkeeper, though there is little ne
cessity for it, and the officers of tho
house, ono thinks from their numbers,
are more numerous than tho mem
bers. But to return to tho bear pit. The
press gallery is the central ono at tho
back. It is shut off from the other gal
leries by a wire lattice work, and is
"devotccf to corrcsuondents.solely. Fif
teen feet below these galleries is the
floor of the house. It is 1 15 feet long
by 67 feet wide. If you could take the
scats out you would see that it is made
up of six half-moons of rostrums, run
ning about a space as wide as the front
of an or Unary city house, on which tho
speaker's and clerk's desks are locat
ed, and rising by a gradation of four
inches, until it reaches the last half
ring of rostrums, where a flat floor
goes back from this to the walls.
In the center of this half moon, at
the front of the hall, is the speaker's
desk. This is a series of three white
marble desks rising ono above the oth
er. The first, about three feet high, is
for the stenographers of congress, who
get $5,000 yearly. The tops of their
desks are covered with navy-blue baize,
and they have mahogany drawers in
which to keep their writing materials.
Back of them are the reading clerks
of the house, snobbish young men with
metallic voices, and above them on a
higher rostrum of whito marblo cut in
and out like an elaborately-carved pul-
it sits tho speaker. This to-day is
Ir. Carlisle, a dark-faced, rough-featured
man, with no whiskers, who con
tinually chews tobacco as he sits on
his spine and presides over the house.
His chair is a swinging walnut one.
He has an ivory hammer or mallet in
his hand, and this ho uses with energy
to keep the noisy crowd below him in
Beside the speaker's desk, on a pe
destal of Vermont marble, stands the
mace, or insignia of the speaker's royal
ty. It is a bundle of lictor's rods
bound with silver cords, mounted on a
silver globe and crowned with an
The members of the house sit on six
half-moons of scats, rising and growing
larger as they go backward, in front of
the speaker. Theso scats are ranged
on little ranges of rostums, and tho
edges of these rostrums are bound with
shining brass, and are, as in the whole
floor, carpeted with a rich carpet of
red Brussels, on which are flowered
figures of blue and yellow. On each
range is a row of seats and 'Jssks. Tho
desks are small affairs of white wood,
having lids covered with blue baize,
which are raised whenever tho owner
gets at the $125 worth of stationery ho
is allowed annually. Behind each row
of desks is a row of white canc-seatcd
oflice chairs, each on a swivel and
each so fixed on springs that the sitter
can lean back and put his feet on his
desk if he will. This is a favorite pos
ture witli some congressmen, and I
havo seen certain sleepy ones snore
away so for hours at a time. Half of
the chairs are on the average empty,
and some of thorn have been known to
continue so for an entire congressional
session. The owners are paid 85,000 a
year to fill them. They draw the mon
ey and leave tho chairs empty. The
seventh and last half moon of" chairs
backs up against curtains or fire-screens
of bluo baize on frames of bright brass
rods. Back of these screens there is
room to walk about the house, and in
the two corners at either end, where
the grate fires are, are half a dozen
sofas which are generally filled by
lounging, sleeping, and smoking con
gressmen. Do congressmen smoke during ses
sion? Why, bless vou, yes! I have
seen ladies grow sick in the galleries
from the vile odors of the tobacco
which rose from the two-for-5 cent ci
gars glowing in the mouths of the so
called gentlemanly congressmen be
neath. I have seen members smoking
in their very seats, and have watched
through tho wreaths of smoke to catch
tho eye of the 'members behind them.
They chew, too. These godlike con
gressmen do chew! They spit! and
every desk lias a spitoon of pink and
cold china beside it to catch the filth
from the statesman's moutli. It costs
at least 400 a year to care for the
i spittings of the house, and your aver
age congressman will disregard the
spittoon and spit upon the lloor.
They are a neat set! Tho house at
this moment is littered with scraps of
paper like a garret. In front of the
speaker's desk are scraps of letters,
torn newspapers, and other litters, and
and under the desks of most of tho
members are heaps of the same nature.
There is a spittoon beside the chair of
the speaker, for Mr. Carlisle is an in
veterate chewer of tobacco, and his
heavy jaws caress the cud as joyfully
as they do free-trade statistics.
As far as order in the house is con
cerned, there is none. If an ordinary
member has the lloor a bedlam straight
way rises. Hi3 fellow-members talk
out loud to each other, and each goes
on with his business as if he was alone.
Dozens of members are writing letters;
others are mailing documents to their
constituents; others are reading news
papers; some will bo sleeping, and
many will be talking and laughing. If
a member wants to cross tho hall he
docs not hesitate to rush between
tho congressman speaking and the
speaker, and if another wants a page,
no matter if his brother congressman
speaking beside him is in the midst of
his finest period, he will clap his hands
like the shot of a pistol.
I have seen members sleeping when
tneir next-scat mcmDcr was speaKing,
and it is no uncommon thing for a
member to be talking with not a single
fellow-member listening to him. The
speaker generally pays attention, but
not always. lie favors whom he
pleases to a certain extent, and has the
opportunity to display considerable
The ceiling of the house chamber is
a wonderful structure, made of glass
and cast-iron. Through this the house
is lighted in tho daytime by the light
of day, and during the evening bv fif
teen hundred gas-jets, which are light
ed by electricity. 1 his ceiling is made
in panels, and these are painted and
gilded, and each bears the coat of arms
of one of the states of the union.
Just over the entrance door of tho
house is a large, round-faced clock,
which regulates the time of opening
tho session and which limits the time
allowed to each speaker. It is a sober,
judicial-looking old clock, and its faco
is a terror to the average long-winded
Just over the speaker's desk and op
posite tins clocK under the press gal
lery is a gold eagle looking out over
the speaker's head, and apparently
ready to fly. On each side of it hangs
a dingy American Hag, covered with
dust and discolored with age.
The two doors in the walls at tho
side of the speaker lead to the mem
bers' retiring-rooms, in which arc hung
crayon portraits of all the speakers
since the organization of congress.
They cost the government $50 apiece,
and some of them arc fairly good like
nesses. This room is well-furnished.
It has a number of sofas and easy
chairs, with two doorkeepers at an ex
pense of a couple of thousand a
year to keep the barbarous public
out of them.
Such is a brief description of our na
tional house of representatives. It is
a fine structure, and I sometimes think
far too good for tho men who have the
right to scats'In it. '""
The old house was in the hall of
statutes, as it is now called, which
between this house chamber and
dome. It was in this that all of
greatest efforts at oratory were made,
where Clay, Calhoun, " and Webster
fought their forensic battles, and where
for thirty-two years history was made.
It accommodated seats for 232 mem
bers, and its galleries seated about 700
spectators. The members' desks were
of mahogany, and each had an arm
chair. The reporters to the extent of
twenty were accommodated with sofas
and desks, and the speaker had a drap
ery of rich crimson at his back. It
was in 1857 that the house was moved
into its present quarters, and in 1SG1
tho old house was dedicated to its pres
ent use as a statuary hall.
The average congressman considers
himself a great man, but he is only a
clerk after all. Ho is paid by the
country to come here and apportion
out the public funds to the running of
tho government. Other men decide
how much the government needs, and
they furnish the congressmen tho fig
ures. The average member knows
nothing about it, and the best member
for the country perhaps is ho who
knows the least. We merely pay them
to divide our money for us. Tho gov
ernment is already organized. We
havo all the laws we need, and the
United States, if it were not for the
necessity of the formality of passing
tho appropriations, could do better
without congress than with it. Still
wo have it, and we have to pay for it.
We pay well, too. Tho estimato for
the legislative expenses for the current
year is put at more than three million
and a half of dollars, and the house of
representatives alone will cost nearly
two and one-half millons. It takes
$413,000 a year to pay the salaries of
our senators, Sl.SOOiOOO to pay the
mileage and salaries of tho representa
tives, and the understrappers about
the house and senate get salaries of
$700,000 and more at each congression
The Witchlnjr Weed.
Cigars were not known until about
1815. Previous to that time pipes were
Chewing had" been in vogue to a lim
ited extent for some time, while snuff
ing dates back almost as far as smok
'ng. The first package sent to Catherine
de Medici was in fine powder. She
found that smelling it in the box affect
ed her similarly to smoking, which led
her to fill one of her smelling-bottles
with the dust. Her courtiers adopted
the habit of snufling small portions of
it up the nostrils, and as the precious
stuff became more plentiful the snufling
habit became more general, until at
last a man or a woman was not consid
ered as in proper form unless they
The custom became so common in
England that a snuff-box was no longer
a sign of rank. Then it was the law
prohibiting the culture of tho plant, ex
cept for medicine, was passed. About
the same time a heavy tariff was placed
on the imported article, thereby prac
tically placing it beyond the reach of
the common herd anil giving royalty a
Since it first began to bo used as a
luxury there havo been conflicting opin
ions in regard to its effects. The Rom
ish church once forbade its use, and the
Church of England declaimed against
The Wesleys opposed it hotly, and at
one time it was considered so unclean
as to unlit men for membership in tho
Baptist and Presbyterian ministers
preached against it, and societies were
organized to oppose tho spread of the
habit, but all to no purpose. Parents
MURPHY & BRO.
48 & 50 Limestone,
Have just opened some choic
All New and Choice,
and Prices Low for
Also Just Received.
disowned and dislnbcritcd their chil
dren because they used it.and husbands
divorced their wives on account of their
having contracted the habit cf smok
ing. It is singular that when women get
into the habit of smoking a pipe they
prefer a strong one.
There are few men who have ncrvo
enough to smoke a pipe such as a wo
man likes when she has become a con
firmed smoker. When they first begin
puffing cigars they prefer them very
mild, but it is not long until they want
them black and strong and lots of
them. Pittsburg Dispatch.
Tho number of single women in En
gland constantly increases. Many
thousands of women have to earn their
own living in place of spending and
husbanding the earnings of men. They
pass their tirao in an incomplete and
separate existence of their own. instead
of completing and embellishing the ex
istence of others. From the excess in
the number of women thousands take
service in factories, while others over
crowd the ill paid ranks of needlewo
men and seamstresses. Even in the
richer classes there is the samcinequal
ity of numbers, and those who are re
lieved from tho necessity of working
for their daily bread have yet to seek
some occupation, some interest in life
to relieve the tedium of an objectless
existence. Some pursue pleasure mere
ly, though this soon palls upon the ap
petite; others take to charitable pur
suits, doing, perchance, an equal
amount of good and of mischief. Those
whose tastes lead them to literary or
artistic pursniis are perhaps tho least
unhappy. That a redundancy of un
married" women exists is evident; but it
must not be regarded as caused wholly
or mainly by a disparity in the number
of the sexes. This difference does not
at the most amount to six per cent.,
whereas the number of unmarried wo
men in England amounts not to six,but
actually to thirty per cent. that is to
say, only two out of ever' three women
are ever married.
Encouraged to Experiment.
Ho was a bashful wooer, but there
was a certain manliness about him
which indicated that lie only needed a
little encouragement to let himself out.
She saw this, and she resolved on a
policy of encouragement.
Uo you believe these stories in tho
funny p'apcrs," she asked, "about tho
willingness of young ladies to bo
"I I really can't say," he replied.
"They may be true." Then, gather
ing courage, he added: "I hope they
arc true, "'and he drew closer to her.
"It seems to me," she said, "that
there is only one way in which a young
man can discover whether they are
true or not."
"And what way is that?" he asked.
There was a brief paue. Then with
a far-away look in her cj ;.s, sha
"By experimenting when ha kit tho
1 m '
Miss Const .cc Edgar, tho grand
daughter of the late Madame Bona
parte, who is about to become a nun, is
also a great-granddaughter of Daniel