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Se GLOBE REPUBLIC. SUNDAY MbSpflJr; APRIL 5 1885
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Harrison Robertson in Puck's Annual.
"You are o fair!"
Tet she seems not to note bis praise or care.
A false or partial tongue might thus declare
That she was fair.
"You are so sweet I
With frank indifference his phrases meet
In truth, 'twas less appropriate thau discreet
To call her sweet
"You are so bright!"
No signs of brightness do the words excite.
An ordinary KirL a flatterer might
I'roclaiui her bright.
"I love you sop
Ahl she is fair au I swtet, an 1 bright for lol
The metaniorpha.is thtje words bestow
"I love you soi
GRANT UNDER FIRE.
EMINENTLY, AND ABOVE ALL THINGS,
A COOL MAN.
At The rront. Under Fire, In the Hear
or Vicluburg What a Soldier
Thought of Ills Commander
The Key to Success.
Xr.SlH.lL Byers' recollections of Grant,
as he appeared on and about the battlefield,
are full of interest.
"Whila I was standing by the pontoon
bridge, near Fort Gibson," gays he "watch
ing the boys cross the bayou, I heard some
body cheering, and, looking round, saw an
officer on horseback in a major general's
uniform. Ue dismounted and came over to
the very spot where I was standing. I did
not know his face, but something told me it
was Grant Ulysses Grant, at that m iment
the hero of the wostrn army. Solid he
stood erect, about fire feet eight, with
square Teatures, thin closed lips, brown hair,
brown beard, both cut short and neat. This
was the first time that 1 saw Grant. I think
1 still possess some of the feeling that over
came me at that moment, as I stood so near
to one who held our lives, and possibly our
country's, in his hands. I heard him speak:
'Men, push right along; cloe up fast, and
hnrry over.' Two or three men mounted on
mules attempted to wedge past the soldiers
on the bridge. Grant noticed it, and quietly
said, 'lieutenant, send those men to the rear.'
Every KUier pas tag turned to gazs on him,
but there was no further recognition. There
was no Bonaparte po.turing for effect; no
pointing to the pyramids, no calling the
cnturies t witness. There was no nonsense,
no sentiment; only a plain business man of
the reput'lic, there for the one single pur
pose of getting that command across the
river in the shortest time possible. On
a horse near by, and amng the still
mounted staff, sat the general's son, a
bright-looking lad of about 11 years. Fast
ened to his little waist by the broad yellow
belt was his father's sword that sword on
who-e clear steel was soon to be engraved
Vicksburg, Spottsylvania, the Wilderness
"I next saw Grant on Stay IS, 1S63. and
this tima at the battle of Champion Hills, in
rear of Vicksburg. He had crossed the Mis
sissipni river at Grand Gulf, and swung off
east and north, had fought the battles of
Fort Gibson, Raymond and Jackson, and
here overtaking Femberton's army hasten
ing.to the walls of Vicksburg. It was a very
hot day and we had marched hard, slept
little and re-ted none. Among the mag
nolias on Champion Hills, the enemy, 40,000
to 50,000 strong turned on us. Sherman's
corps was already engaged far on the right
as we approached the field in that overpow
ering Mississippi sun. Our brigade was
soon in line, on the edge of a meadow, or
open field sloping toward the woods
where the enemy were concealed and
steadily firing upon us. We were
in the most trying position of sol
diers, for regulars even, being fired
on without permission to return tha
shots. We were standing two files deep,
bearing as patiently as we could not a heavy
but a steady fire from infantry, while an oc
casional cann6n-ball tore up the turf in front
or behind us. A goal many men were fall
ing, and tha wounded were being borne to
the rear of the brigade, close to an old well
whosa wooden curb seemed to offer the only
protection from bullets on the exposed line.
" 'Colonel, move your men a little by the
left flank,' taid a quiet, though command
ing voice. On looking round, I saw imme
diately behind us Grant, the commander-in-chief,
mounted on a beautiful bay mare,
and followed by perhaps half a dozen of his
staff. For some reason be dismounted, and
most of his officers were sent off, bearing
orders, probably, to other quarters of tha
field. It was Grant under fire. The rattling
musketry increased on our front, and grew
loader, too, on the left flank. Grant had
led his horse to the left, and thus kept near
the company to which I belonged. He now
stood leaning complacently against his
favorite steed, smoking as seemed habitual
with him the stump of a cigar. His was
the only horse near the line, and must,
naturally, have attracted some of the
enemy's fire. What if he should be killed, I
thought to myself, and the army be left
without its commander! In front of us
was an enemy; behind us. ani about us,
and liable to overcome and crush us, were
his reiuf or sements. For days we had been
away from our bae of supplies, and march
ing inside the enemy's lines. What if Grant
should be killed and we be defeated here
in such a place and at such a timet I am
sure every one who reedgnizei him wished
him sway; but there be stood clear,
calm and immovable. 1 .was close
enough to see his features. Earnest
they were, but sign of inward movement
there was none. It was the same cooL cal
culating face 1 had seen before atthe bridge,
the same careful, half -cynical face I af ter
ward taw busied with affairs of state.
Whatever there may have been in his feel
ings, there was no effort to conceal, there
was no pretence, no trick; whatever that
face was it was natural.
"Men have often asked if Grant were per
sonally brave in battle. Bravery, like many
other human qualities, is comparative. That
Giant was fearless in battle would be hard
to say. If he possessed true bravery, he also
possessed fear.- Brave men are not fearless
men. He was eminently and above all
things a cool man, and that, I take it, was,
in the exciting times in which he lived, the
the first great key to bis success. He was
called a born soldier, but was, in fact noth
of the kind. He was simply a man of cor
rect methods ard a fixed will."
MATCHES NOT NEEDED.
How the Takut Starts a Fire What Mel
ville Saw In Siberia.
"Is the Lena D-ua."J
Civilized people imagine matches neces
sary to their comfort Not so the Yakut
To start a fire a dry piece of wood is
procured, many sticks cut and re
jected, until one entirely free from
moisture is found. The best of the drift
wood is rplit up and chopped into proper
lengths, and here without rags, cotton, flax
or sulphur is where the Yakut ingenuity as
serts itself. The buds of the arctic willow
are forever trying to peep from their blank
ets of snow. Within these buds is a light,
flossy texture in tee nature of thistledown.
The native moistens this down slightly and
mixes it with ground charcoal, prepared by
cooling a lighted piece of birch in the ashes
of his hearth. The floss thoroughly rolled
through tha charcoal is dried before the fire,
becoming an excellent tinier, igniting
quickly into a hot and durable point of fire.
A bundle of fine soft sticks is always kept
drying before tha fire, which the old woman,
in preparation for a native's journey, take
down and shape into sword blades, which
are then with a sharp knife shaved into long,
thin shavings not uniike the American stuff
known to upholsterers as "excelsior." This
preserved dry on the journey in fish-skin
33, On making a. fire a native takes a
bunch of "excelsior" about as large as a
robin's nest punches a hole in it and then
lays it carefully 011 the snow. Next taking a
pinch of tinder from the bag, which always
hangs at his hip, he places it on his flint,
and with a quick, sharp stroke ignites and
incloses it in the center of his nest of shav
ings, which he thou lilts up, holding it
lightly, with his fingers spread apart for the
passage of air, and whirls rapidly around his
bead at arm's length.
At first a faint pleasant odor of burning
birch steals upon the air, then a light streak
of smoke follows the revolving arm, and
and when the beat within his hand notifies
the native that a proper degree of ignition
has been attained he suddenly ceases his
gyrations, tears open the smoking nest, and
with a quick puff blows it into flame. Then
depositing the blazing ball in the snow lie
mxm pil.'S his fagots over and around it and
in a very few seconds his fire is in full blast
"I have watched this operation a hundred
times ani have never seen it fail. When I
tender matches they invariably refuse them
because the shavings so lighted burn in
wardly and give off but little heat whereas
by the Yakut treatment they are almost in
stantly a glowing mass, never missing fire."
Machine for Weaving "Tights."
Cor. Chambers' Journal
From a theatrical journal I cull the fol
lowing description of the manufacture of
what in stage parlance are termed "tights."
The machines were situated in a small low
ceilinged room, and the constant whir ensu
ing, as row after row of threat was added,
set one's teeth on edge in anything but a
pleasaut manner. The machine had not the
click-clack of an ordinary loom; it was whir,
whir, whir, as if a tuning fork was being
drawn across sonie comb-like substance;
while the shivery feeling the noise produced
was icily suggestive of cold water trickling
down one's back.
There was no shuttle; no warp versus
weft The operator's fingers, taking the
place of the shuttle, draws the thread across
the row of horizontal J-shaped needles; by
another movement the loop of each little
elongated J presses the thread down, when a
knot is formed by a further thread being
passed over the loop; and so, after the man
ner of ordinary hand-knitting, the proces
of manufacture goes on. Both feet ani
hands are brought into requisition in the
work, which is, to all appearance, both mo
notonous and telious.
About the most interesting feature of the
machine is the fact that the garment woven
literally "hangs by a thread," ani should
the operator fail but once to draw the thread
across the needles, the article falls off the
machine entirely. In fact, to use a homely
phrase, he "drops his stitches," and is
obliged to pick them up. The measurement
of the garment must, of course, be accurate.
Kvarta' Digestive Powers.
Xew York Letter.
Senator Evarts rejoices in excellent di
gestive powers. A gentleman speaking with
him at the Albany banquet last week ex
pressed surprise that he was able to dine out
night after night without experiencing any
ill effects from the superabundance of the
viands and of the different wines set before
him. "Oh," said the senator, "I get on very
well with the 'different' wines; it is the in
different wines that trouble me."
The following morning, while on his way
to the station, be rallied Senator Arkell on
a mistake in announcing to him the time of
the departure of the train. "Your sou,"
said the senator, "told me that the train
leaves at 10. and while at breakfast I found
that the time is 9:55. That decision lost me
two pancakes," be added pensively, "and
those pancakes were particularly good."
Such Is Unman Nature.
Rome (da.) Bulletin.
The other day a gentleman remarked in
the presence of a little knot of others on
Broad street that he could not understand
why a certain individual was always saying
unkind, harsh things of him. Capt W. W.
Seay, an excellent judge of human nature,
hearing the remark, quietly asked: "Did
you ever lend him any money or do him a
favor for which he has not paid yout" The
party said he had done him many favors,
and then Capt Seay said: "O, well, he will
never forgive you until he has paid you
what he o we," and this seems to be the rule
under such circumstances in most instances.
Talk Low In Dakota.
A Dakota man says that on clear days
talking can ba heard in that dry, still at
mosphere for more than a mile.
In the vicinity of a bar-rocm it
is almost dangerous ta whisper about
taking a drink. The neighbors would
all turn out
American Queen: But men will buy and
sell as long as there is hope of gain only,
Vanderbilt's motto should be remembered.'
Boys, don't buy what you can't pay for-"
Four Who Died In the White House
Harrison, Taylor, Lincoln, Garheld.
It has been asserted by some curious ob
servers that the inaugural ceremonies of
each of the four presidents Harrison. Taylor,
Lincoln, and Garfield with whom death, an
unseen and unbidden guest entered the
White House, were warned by signs and
omens, that interpreted by supernatural
lore, foreshadowed to the ignorant and
superstitious the funereal pageantry in which
they would ere long be central figures.
Gen. llarrris m arrived at Washington in
the midst of a driving thunderstorm, and as
he descended from his carriage a flash of
lightning blinded him and caused him to
miss a step and falL The first night he
slept at the White House an owl, perched on
the roof over his bedroom, hooted contin
uously, and he complained the next morn
ins that the owl and a howling dog near had
kept him awake.
When Mrs. Taylor wi s told of her hus
band's election she burst into tears and ex
claimed: "Oh, why can't they let us alone!
This is all a scheme to hreak up our home."
When she entered her bed-room at the
White House she started back, and pointing
to a diamond-shaped ornament carved on
the mantel, said "See! the first object to
greet me is a coffin. Death will rob mo in
this dreadful house of some one I love."
To Mr. Lincoln there came an apparition,
thus described by him: "On the evening of
the day when I received news of my elec
tion, worn out by excitement and fatigue, I
throw myself on a louuge in my bed-room to
rest Just opposite to me was a bureau with
a swinging glass, and looking in it I noticed
two separate and distinct images to myself.
A little bothered, perhaps startled, I got up
and went to the glass, but the illusion van
ished. Lying down, I saw again, but noticed
that one of tha faces was paler than the
other, and bad a blood stain on it When
my wife came in I told her of the vision,
and she, who had great faith in signs, and
generally attached some meaning to them,
said: 'It means you will be elected to a
second term, but will not live through it"
On their trip from Springfield to Washing
ton they passed by Gen. Harrison's burial
place, and halted to jy a tribute of respect
to his memory. Turning from the grave, a
blackbird made a circle round his bead. The
night of his assassination Mrs. Lincoln told
one of the watchers that on that eventful
trip through the bright happy northern vil
lages decked with flowers in his honor, as
well as that mysterious night ride through
Baltimore and secret arrival in Washing
ton, the tolling of a death-bell, clear and un
mistakable, was sounding in his ear.
The dreams and forebodings of the two
Mrs. Garfields, mother and wife, are too re
cent to be repeated. Were they the idle
fancies of nervous women!
The London Definition.
This is The London Spectator's not inapt
definition of a church fair: "It is that for I
which paople make what nobody values, in
order that other people may buy what no
body wants, all to help an association which
badly needs both time and money, ani
ought therefore to encourage in every way
the economy of time and money."
SHIP OF THE DESERT.
WHAT THE ARAB CALLS THE MOST
USEFUL OF BEASTS.
The Capabilities or the Camel A Terr
Strange Physical Peculiarity The
Coming of the Simoom Ob
stinacy of the Urate.
To carry men and merchandise across the
arid waste an animal was needed at once
speedy, untiring, sure footed and capable of
subsisting where vegetation was scanty and
water scarce; all these qualifications are
combined in the caineL The pads of its
spreading feet, divided into two toes with
out being externally separated, prevent its
sinking in tha sand, over which it moves so
noiselessly that it has been poetically and
apjiropriately termed "theshipof the desert"
The callosities on the flexures of the limbs
and chest, ujion which the animal rests or
kneels to receive its load, prevent the skin
from cracking from contact with the hot
sand. The nostrils, closing at will, exclude
the burning grains when the simoon sweeps
across the desert, while the peculiar con
traction of the stomach enables the camel to
go ithout water for several days. He is as
esily satis led in the way of eating, delight
ing in the tough plants he passes on his
march, which his strong, nipper like teetb
enable him to masticate with comfort
How many days the camel can go without
drinking has never perhaps been exactly
ascertained; in fact the power of endurance
varies greatly in different individuals, but
it has been stated on very good authority
that the dromedary can subsist nine days
without water, though exposed the whole
time to a heat resembling that of a furnace.
It is certain that when the camel does drink
be always appears to be laying in a stock
for a week or so and has even loen known to
swallow seven gallons and a halt atone
time. This allows three quarts a day for
ten days, which, though not sufficient prop
erly to quench the thirst of so large an ani
mal, may yet be enough to keep him alive.
Comparative anatomy, which has indulged
in a legion of experiments on the structure
of much inferior animals, has not extended
a proper degree of attention to the cameL
It h is, no doubt, been ascertained that
this extraordinary creature possesses one
stomach more than other mammalia, but
curiosity Las not been sufficiently busy
with that immen-e bladder, streaked with
sanguine veins, which the animal sometimes
blows out of its mouth in spring. In strings
of thirty or forty I hat e noticed, during tha
greatest beat of the da-, a majority amu'
ing themselves after this fashion. On such
occasions they will raise their heads, look
around wildly and then, with a strange, of
fensive noise, draw up the bag from their
throats and blow it out inflated to its fullest
extent as if to cool it by the touch of the
external air. In a few minutes they would
suffer it to collap-e and suck it back with a
ruckling noi-e into their throats. Is not this
bag intended to contain, in addition to the
fifth stomach, a supply of fresh stomach t
And is it not in this that travelers when
compelled to kill their dromedaries to pre
serve their own lives in the Sahara, find the
pure tran -parent fluid spoken of on such
It is during a sandstorm, or on the ap
proach of the simoom, that the camel dis
plays the most striking proofs of sagacity.
Before the human eye can detect the swiftly
approaching column of yellow or lurid gas
which instantly strikes dead ail creatures
that breathe it, the camel discerns the
danger and, uttering a wild roar, turns
round and plunges his nose into the sand.
The traveler also, who spnngs instantly to
the earth, presses his fare against the face of
the desert, tightly closes his lips and
protects his nc-striis with both hands. What
signs of suffering or agitation the poor
dromedary exhibits the traveler is too
much terrified to observe, but he
himself experiences, throughout his frame,
first a quivering, shooting pain, then a
numbne-s and paralysis of all the limbs ani
vital functions, which prolonged' for many
seconds would be death. But -he mysterious
vapor, which comas almost lue lightning, in
the same manner departs. In many cases
tho sudden death of the beast and his rider
reveals the fatal power of the simoom; but
when they escape with life the process of re
viving from the stroke resembles that experience-!
by patients after a long illness
languor, feebleness, prostration of the whole
system, giddiness of the head, dimness of
sight, a partial loss of memory and a be
wildering of ideas. Foreigners flee to
brandy as a remedy, the Arabs to coffee,
while the carnal, kneeling as if undera heavy
burden, groans, grunts and looks ruefully
about upon the waste.
The aniblo of the camel a curious amal
gamation of rolling ani pitching simultan
eously executed would scarcely be extolled
by any one accustomed to the pleasant can
ter of a good horse, but it has its advan
tages. The rider mty sit sideways, back
wards or in the orthodox fashion, with his
feet in or out of the stirrups, he may let hi
legs Wangle carelessly or sit cross-legged
after the manner of Turks and tailors, with -out
any fear of his seat or equanimity being"
disturbed by the sure-footed beast stum
bling, kicking, shying or bolting. A habit
rather perplexin; to tho inexperienced
camel rider is th animal's propensity for
snatching at dwarf acacias and other vege
table delicacies as he wanders along. Bu&
these slight drawbacks are fully compen
sated ly the measured regularity with which
he moves, while the elevation enables, the
traveler to see all that is to be see and
gives him tb benefit of every welconra
breeze that blows.
Your trading camel exceeds a msie in ob
stinacy when you attempt to break through
his ordinary habits. He will then oppose to-
your will a passive resistance utterly uncon
querable; will lie down if he thinks you
have put too much on his back, asd refuse
to rise though you should beat him to death.
To show that this is often a mere- crotchet
the Arabs remove two or three small packets
from the load, upon which the nlmlt no
doubtwith an inward chuckle of satisfac
tion, at having gained the victory, gives a
loud grunt, ani rises without perceiving
that during the operations the packages
have been restored. As, however, he be
lieves his load to have been lightened be
trudges along merrily, if so sullen a heart
can ever be said to be merry. But though
serious and gloomy, this patient creature
must net be suppo-ed to be entirely without
sentiment When kindly treated, when pat
ted on the shoulder, when gently spoken to,
but more especially when treated to a song,
the dromedary will exhibit strong: signs of
pleasure in his prominent eye, will turn
round his long snake-like neck look at you.
steadfastly, as if to express hi. thanks.
OUR FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION.
Some Details of Interest Irish sad Ger
man Inhabitants Occupations Items.
Superintendent Walker's Lecture.
Gen. Walker discusses the foreign elements'
of the imputation in interesting detail. The
percentage of inhabitants of foreign birth in
1850 was0.CS; in ISM, 13.1C; in 1870, 14.44:
in 1SS0, 13.38. The foreign population
reaches its maximum where the general
population is den-est, along latitude 40 and
41 and longitude 73 and 74. Since 1850 tb
proportionof Irish in every 10,000 foreigners
has fallen from 4,1:85 to 2,770. The Oermans
have gained proportionotely. New York,
stands first in aggregate foreign population,,
and also first in Irish, German, and English
population. I'ennsylvania stands second in
aggregate foreign population. Illinois third,,
and Ma-sachu-etts fourth. The increase in.
Chinese population has not been what might
have lean expected. In 1S50 the Chinese
population was 75$; in 1S6J, Sa,0Ju in 1870,
03,000; in 1B0, 1115,001
Tho division of foreign-born inhabitants
as regards occupation is interesting. In ag
riculture iiTJ Germans engage for every 140"
Irish; in personal and professional services,
as servants, the proportion stand 218 Ger
mans to 415 Irislu There are few Germans,
who are textile operatives, butmany Irish.
and more lirittsb-Amerlcans. Three times
as many Irish as Germans engage in do
mestic service, although there are more Ger
mans than Irish in the country. The total
population stands 0 native to 1 foreign.
The criminal proportion stands: Foreign,
13 000; colored, 17,000; native, 30,000. Tho
numerical relation of those born abroad and
their children here is as follows: Born
abroad, ft,55!),679; having one or both
parents foreign 14,022 744. In 1870 there
were born abroad, 5,507,239; having one or
both parents foreign, 10,892,015. In each
nationality there are more children having a
foreign father than a foreign mother, due to
the larger number of male immigrants.
Decreasing Snowfall on the Sierras
"TVIrginla City Chronicle.
The snowfall on the Sierras has been vary
light the past winter. At the Summit and
Cisco the greatest average depth falling at
one tima this year has not exceeded six feet
The average fall in former winters has been
over twenty feet In the winters of 1807-!,
when Cisco was the terminus of the Central
Pacific railroad, the snow there fell to a
depth of over thirty feet
This was before the snow-sheds were built
when the railroad company had over 1,000
men employed in shoveling snow from the
deep cuts between Blue Canyon and Cisco.
The passenger trains at that time consisted
of only two coaches and one baggage car,
and were drawn the last eight miles from
Emigrant Gap to Cisco by eighteen ten
whoel locomotives over 800 tons of metal
driving a snow plough as large as a two
story house in front of them. At that time
the line of the road wound through a track
less forest over forty miles in length,
stretching from Truckee on the east to Alta
on the west, trains frequently being brought
to a standstill by fallen trees obstructing the
Of tho vast forests that then covered the
sides and crowned the summits of the
Sierras along the line of the road scarcely
a vestige now remains Since the building
of the road a swath ovsr twenty miles in
breadth has been mowed through the
ancient forests bordering the track, whose
dark recesses obscured by thick foliage had
never even been penetrated by the rays of
sun before the advent of tha iron horse. The
decrease in the snowfall is said to data from
that event and is mainly attributed to the
fact of that 'portion of the country being
entirely denuded of timber.
Improving the Modern Violin.
A discovery has been made resulting in
a patent that may dissipate the existing
crnzo for violins of ancient and rare de
sign. The inventor thus explains his method:
"My invention consists in mounting upon
the inner face of the back of the instrument
a thin, plain metal plate raised slightly
above the back on the supports, which con
Beet it only with the back. The plate is
made about the shape of the back of the in
strument but somewhat less in size, so a
to leave a clear space around the edge. The
sound-post passes through an opening in the
plate, which it does not touch."
Remenyi recently tried an ordinary in
strument reinforced in this way, and de
clared the inventor had made a discovery
that will eventvally "obliterate all fiddles."
He Bore Up Wonderfully.
"Lem me see; you know the captain.
Well, now, wasn't he a man as could stand
up under trouble eq'al to anybody you ever
"I don't know. Don't remember that I
ever saw him in any very trying difficulty,
"Well, I have, an' the howlin'est kind o'
grief never seemed to even faze him. Why,
when he come home from his third wife's
funeral, instead of snortin' around the house
an' spilin' his hair an' makin' his eyes red,
as yon or me'd a done, he just sot hissslf
down, an' says he to the hired gal, says he,
'Mary Ann, is there any cold meat in the
The Oldest Window-Panes.
Near Richmond, Va.. is a farm house with
some of the first window-panes brought to
America. They are 10x12 in size and were
already in the sash when brought here. At
that time the use of putty was not known
for glazing, and the lights were held in place
by strips of wood tacked against them. The
cost of each light in England was about $3.
A Pedagogue's Pun.
U?ew York Journal.
"Was Rome founded by Komea?" inquired
a pupil f the teacher.
"No, my son," replied the wise man; "It
was Juliet who was found dead by Romeo."
"BU3I0 IN THE AIR."
The "Hose-Fiddle" How It Is Marls -Its
Use 4a Open-Air Coneerts.
A Frenchman has invented a new kind of
harp made -entirely of wood. Instead of
strings, strips of American fir are used.
These are manipulated by the fingers, as In
ordinary harps, the performer wearing
leather gloves covered with resin. The ton
is said to be of a remarkable purity.
He probably got his idea from that cele
brated American musical instrument oon
itructed wholly of wood, which was so pop
ular in an early day, and is still in vogue to
a certain extent in the back settlements, to
wit, the "hoss-fiddle." Some of our younger
readers may never have seen one or heard
its dulcet tones, and will ba pleased to learn
how to const ruct one of their own, '
Procure a dry goods box or other large
box the larger the better and remove the
cover. With a little flr.ese this need cost
nothing. If the village merchant is at all
liberal, and you tell him you are desirous of
becoming a second FaganinnI winking at
the same time, which he will understand to
mean that the fiddle is especially intended
to assist the slumbers of a newly-wedded
pair he will tell you to help yourself from
the pile in the rear of the store. If, how
aver, he is opposed to all such harmless
recreation, ani has no soul for music, and
the pile of empty boxes is very large and
they are becoming weather-worn, yon will
probably wheel one away that evening, if it
is dark enough and the wheelbarrow don't
squeak. This, of course, is not recom
mended, however. By a little exertion you
can get enough fellows to c dp in so that the
expense will be a mere trifle.
Then procure a piece of two by four scant
ling, ten or twelve feet long, bora a hole
through the ends and insert handles so that
each end represents a cross. Plans off one
edge of the scantling, and cover it with
melted resin, to add to the restnant tone.
This is the fidJle bow and 'may be operated
by either one or two muscular persons.
Drawing the bow across the edges of the
box, with a greater or less degree of press
ure, will evoke strains which, when accom
panied by tt-e tintinnabulation of cow-bells,
tin pans, horns, etc., with an occasional dy
namic interlude of gun-tiring, will cause the
startled ear of night to quiver with melody,
("Startled ear of night" is from Poa. Don't
know where he found it)
It is aivisable at these open air concerts
to depend mainly on instrumental music, as
.it is hard to distinguish the human voice.
Still, it an occasional chorus of yells be given
in unison, the effect will be good. It is also
advisable to locate the orchestra in a posi
tion quite near the house wherein repose the
souple In whose honor the serenade is ren
dered, but care should be taken that no win
dow or door comminds the place, as it occa--ilaaally
happens that the couple are of that
peculiarly constituted class who can't see a
joke, and the male member of the new firm
maty open fire with a shot-gun and whatever
other missiles ara handy.
According to Oliver UiDtas, of Lake City
Minn., several varieties of Russian apple
trees grown in that'state near the vicinity
of St 1'aul were as hardy in appearance as
the black oaks of the adjacent woods. They
have smooth bark, like the Ollenburg, thick
woolly leaves, and irregular growth. Mr.
Gibbs pronounces the yellow transparent the
best summer apple yet fruited in Minnesota,
being larger, even in siza, oblong, yellow, as
enormonr bearer, hardy, and in quality
HOW CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS
ARE APPLIED TO CANDIDATES.
Examination Into the Physical Merits ol
Candidates Lifting the Dunib-Ilrlls
The Dead-Weight Test
NewYork Evening Poet
An examination into the physical merits
of candidates for the police department and
also competitive examinations of roundsmen
who aspire to promotion as sergeants were
held at Wood's gymnasium, under the direc
tion of Inspector Byrnes, and in the presence
of one of the members of the advisory civil
service board. John Wood, the teacher of
athletics, conducted the examinations.
A score of roundsmen, who stand in the
line of promotion to be made sergeants, were
first tested. While the sergeants' du
ties keep them most of the tima in
the station bouse, and they are espe
cially required to show proficiency in
the office work required of them, it was
thought best to require a physical examia
tion as tending to keep up the physical ex
cellence of the whole force as a body. Most
of the men examined this morning were well
built and did easily what was asked of them.
They were required first to lift a thirty
pound dumb-bell with the right hand, rais
ing it over the head, then a fifty-pound one
with both hands, one after the other. When
the men did this successfully they were
marked ten, the maximum; when with a
great effort, nine. No one failed completely.
Next they were required to lift a dead
weight of 250 pounds; next to lift 200 pounds
from the floor while in a stooping position,
and then the last tests with weights, to pull
np eighty pounds from the floor, the ropes
passing over their shoulders and the men
being required to bend forward in order to
test the strength of the abdominal muscles.
The final test was a quarter-mile run, the
fastest of the men doing the distance in one
minute and three-quarters and the slowest
in two minutes and a quarter. This test
was hard upon the stout men. Perfect order
was maintained during the examination, a
clerk standing behind Mr. Wood and re
cording his estimate. The men showed the
utmost good nature.
The tests prescribed for applicants for tha
position of patrolmen wore more exacting
than for. the roundsmen, strength and fieet
ness being absolutely essential to a good
patrolman. Nearly 100 men, most of them
young and all of them having already passed
the physicians' examination, were present
and were examined by batches of twenty.
The tests with the dumb-bells were similar
to those required of the sergeants. Two
men failed to raise the fifty-pound bell and
were marked eighty. In raising a dead
weight the men were tested with 350 pounds,
then with 400, then with 450. Three of the
men failed to raise the heavy weight
The next test required them to raise them
selves by the arms and touch the bar with
their chins. Two of the men failed to raise
themselves even once, while best man raised
himself nine times. The men were next sent
around the track a quarter of a mile, the
quickest making the distance in minute and
twenty-five seconds, the slowest two of
the men falling in a little more than twe
Some of the men who failed in one tesl
succeeded easily in others, the lightest met
not raising the weights well, but making
good time in the races. The result of the
physical tests furnish one factor in making
np the final decision as to a man's fitne-s,
the others relating to general character, ex
perience and obligatory subjects, which in
clude reading, writing, arithmetic, police
regulations and knowledge of the city.
What "Cerro Gordo" Williams Says ol
"Mexico has very poor horses an 1 cattla.
They have a country exceedingly well
adapted for herding horses, but they do not
possess any such fine stock as we have in
Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Ohio and
other states. Now, we want a market for
our fine stock, and there is no portion of the
globe which needs such stock more than
Mexico. On the plateau of that country
they can raise good grass, and tha original
horses brought there by the Spaniards
rapidly multiplied. From a want of breed
ing animals, the Mexican stock has run
down. Tha ample range of land in that
country and the open-air habits of the peo
ple should make them take to fine horses
We now have a railroad all the way to the
capital and beyond iV and a parallel lint
hastening forward, and besides we have
easy steamship communication."
Said I: "General, what kind of soldien
were the Mexicans in the war of ISiSr
"Very good soldiers." said he. "In only
one point of view were our men their su
periors. They could not stand the charge of
the American volunteers. Our man had a
way of rushing at them which broke their
constancy; but behind any ramparts,
natural or artificial, they stood well; they
would also stand and be shot down in the
open field, where their ranks were formed."
Said I: "At the battle of Cerro Gordo,
which seems to adhere to you by name, how
many Americans were engaged!"
"There were actually engaged only 4.000
men. We had 8,000 men there. They had
a very strong position, approached by a
hard, good road. As usual, we stormed
aid broke them."
Civil service examining rooms:
Examiner (looking over John Smith's pa
pers) This man has made a bad botch of
this mathematical question.
Principal Examiner What is the questionl
Examiner (reading) If I owe William
Jones $65, and promise to pay him V pei
month, how much will I owe him at the end
of a year!
Prin. Ex. Well, what did he answer!
Ex.-He has it 165.
Prin. Ex. That man is a natural-born
government clerk; already has their traits,
Hark him 100.
Pennsylvania has a state tax on watches,
the results of which, as reported by the sec
retary of internal affairs, are amusing The
popul.tionof the state is about 4.500,000.
The number of voters last November was
800,000. , But in all this population and this
army of voters there were only 45 599
watches, gold, silver and "common." So il
would appear that there were last year
4.454,404 Pennsylvanians, not one of which
Towed by Beavers.
When the Lolita was coming down Crank
horn Slough at Cordelia with the tide last
k, they were surprised to see a heavy
sixteen foot timber coming up toward them
against the current On getting nearer they
found the timber to be in tow of fonr
It is asserted that the care of Arizona's
criminals and insane costs the territory
more than one-half of her runninz exneruML
Ko Wall-Paper. Pictures, or Dead-Heads.
Chicago Herald Interview.
The happiest man in town the other day
was Manager John Rogers. "These picture
people," he said, "are ready to burn me at
the stake, but the bigots have got to cave.
It was a great triumph. Think of $1,300 in
the house, and not a deal-head outside of
newspapers. This week I will pay f or news
paper advertising three times the sum I
ever paid, and yet will save $200. Now,
how is that! Well, I'll tell you. You know,
It isn't the cost of printing the stuff so much,
though that is big enough, as it is the dead
head Ism that comes from it You never go
into Baloons, I suppose, but if you did you'd
see strings of lithographs, bills and pictures.
Now, each one of those pictures costs us two
"Now, to bill a town like Chicago properly
it takes at least 100 pictures. There you
are, 200 tickets best scats mind. Then come
your posters, your tmi men, your stands;
why, great Scott! it takes a special blank
to give all these people their demands, to
say nothing of paying 'em. What do they
do with the tickets! Why use 'em, or sell
'em, or give 'em away to their patrons, who
would otherwise pay to see the show. I
tell you it is an outrage. I don't propose
to submit to it any longer. And these print
ing companies. Look at 'em. See how rich
they're getting, while the poor devils on the
road half the time have to tramp the ties.
Look at half the attachment suits, box-office
garnishes, trunk and scenery seizures. Who
bring them! Why, tha big printing com
panies. No, sir. No more ten-acre wood
cuts or city lot lithographs for me. I am
done. The printing companies have got my
last money. You may say," continue! the
genial John R., "that I have just got a tele
cram from New York that we ore to play
there on the same terms. No wall paper, no
pictures; no dead-heads."
The siuaklm-Ilerber Water Pipe Line.
New York Letter.
The journey for troops from Cairo to Ber
ber by way of the Nile is about 1,200 miles,
an I presents more difficulties than were suu
posed when it was uulertaken by Lord
Wolseley. From Suakim to Berber in adi
rect line across the desert the distance is not
more than 2fi0 miles, but the ab-ence of
water makes the journey an impossibility
for large bodieo of troops. Even a railroad
would be difficult to maintain, owing to the
n.Hl of large quantities of water for the
engines and for the guards along the road.
Water must be had at any cost if the at
tack is to be made from Suakim. The plan
now adopted is to run two four-inch pipes
over the whole distance. Every thirty
miles or so will be a tank and two engines
with a capacity for forcing water along at
a pressure of 2,000 pounds to the square
inch. Two pumps are used in case of acci
dent to one. In forcing od from the oil
fields to the seaboard we have to cross
mountains, and the work is tremendous
compared to running water along a level
The pumping engines to be used are about
fifteen feet long, and require from 150 to 200
hnrse power of steam. The contract calls
for nothing but the steam pumps. Troops
will be needed to guard the engine-hou-es of
every station, of course. If the Arabs
tamper with the pipes it will be known
almost instantly at the nearest pumping
station owing to lessenel pressure in case the
pipes are broken or toanincreasoot pressure
should one of the valves placed at inter
vals along the line bo maliciously closed.
THE "WHITE LEGION."
Ad Organization Inrulcatlng Purity of
Life, Thought and Sjeech Among Men.
An organization with the above title hat
been effected in New York, and will soon
have branches in all the leading cities of
tho country. Its object is a no le one, for
It aims to inculcate purity of life thought,
and speech among men. A similar organi
zation has had a beneficial effect on the so
cial life of England. The White Legion de
mands of its subscribers that they should
apply the fame rules of con luct and conver
sation to men that have always been de
manJed of women. This organization does
not pretend to be religious in its aims, only
liberal. Its object is to create greater rev
erence for the female sex. It would have
all men regard all women as they would
their mothers, their si.ters, or their wives.
The White Legion intends, if possible, to
stamp as ungentlemanly and nntecoming
loose and indelicate conversation among
men. All it asks of women is that they shall
pass as stern a judgment upon men whose
lives are immoral as it now does on mem
bers of their own sex who have disregarded
the higher canons of conduct Of course it
is easy to ridicule the objects of a society of
this kind, but all good men and women
should in every way encourage it Branches
of the White Legion will be established
among the young men in our colleges. Herd
ing together in their dormitories, and away
from the refining influences of their female
relations, young collegians are apt to be
come coarse in their conversation and im
moral in their conduct hence they need
some standards of behavior to save them
from giving way to their lower natures.
It is always well to keep before the young
a knowledge of the dual aspects of love be
tween the sexes. In one view the appetite is
that experienced by the tiger, the goat or
the hyena, but this same brute impulse be
comes, under the manipulation of human
izing agencies, the in-pirer of all that is
noble in life. The romance, the chivalry,
the self-sacrifice involved in the higher rela
tion of the sexes is what makes life endura
ble and stimulates all the sentiments that
center about the family and the home.
These higher sentiments are a matter of cul
tivation, and hence the value of refined so
ciety, good bocks, inspiring poetry, re
ligious enthusiasm and influences such as
can be brought to bear by organizations
such as the White Legion.
Cyrus W. Field's Argument.
"Uncle Bill's" New York Letter.
"Yes, it was thirty-one years ago this
evening that the original cable company
was formed," said Mr. Field, in reply to my
questions, "and it was at a supper table in
"Will you permit. me to put a hypothetical
query!" I asked.
"Yes, if it doesn't call for a Wall street
pointer," he replied.
"It shall be free from any such intention.
Here it is: Suppose that there had been no
wine on your table on that occasion; that '
the strongest beverage had been coffee; that
the enthusiasm over the proposed venture,
which was then deemed a most risky one,
had been left absolutely without alcoholic
stimulation; in short, that the discussion of
the enterprise had been conducted in a plain,
matter-of-fact business office; in case the
conditions had been as I have pre
sented them, would the Atlantic
cable have been laid by your company V
The witness declined to answer, but he did
put in an argument for the capitalist against
the ol loquy which the rest of us are inclined
to heap upon him. The gist of it was that
immense amounts of capital are freely
risked and lost in enterprises which, were
they successful, would be of incalculable
benefit to mankind, and the losers get no
thanks from the public for their pains. It
might reasonably be supposed that in the
event of success instead of failure, the finan
cial adventurer would receive the grateful
fame which is freely given to victors in
other fields. But it is not so. Nobody
thought of thanking the men who had im
periled millions in building the elevated
railroads, but pretty nearly everybody took
the slightest excuse for damning them.
L'eut Gen. Sheri Ian has received several
photographs from Fort Bayard, N. M., rep
resenting two troops of the Sixth cavalry
firing over the bodies of their horses, which
lie flat on the ground. In a letter accom
panying the photographs Ma A. . Arnold
states that in each of four troops, aver
aging thirty -five horses each, there are about
twenty-five horses that have been thus
trainel, and that nearly all of them lie
down. The men can climb all over their
bodies and fire in various positions without
stirring the horses. This is the result ol
about three months' work, one horse per
day. barring Saturdays, Sundays and bad
weather, under direction of Ma j. Arnold.
Another desirable result of this training is
that meu who were formerly timid have be
come courageous and confident in the hand
ling of their horses, and horses formerly
dangerous are now thoroughly gentle. Con
sidering that these horses are California
bronchos, generally aged, their thorough
training is all the more remarkable, and
much better results may be expected from
young American horses.
The Concord philosophers can never find
a better example of a hungry human soul
pathetically reaching out after the unattain
able, than the managing editor calling foi
the office buy when he wants an errand done
in a hurry.
A BRITISH TAILOR.
RUSH TO SEE REDFERN, THE 80
CALLED FASHION AUTOCRAT.
"Buhamab" Gives an Account or tha Senas
at the Keceptlon Parlors The
Comic Side or the Matter
"New York Prices."
In the way of spring amusements we have
bad the great Redfern here this week, and if
there are any people so ignorant as to ask
who Redfern may be, it must be known that
he is "gown and habit maker" to the princesa
af Wales and all British swelldom. His ar
rival was heralded in long advertisements la
he papers and he sent out cards bearing the
rest coat of arms of England and the three
feathers of the prince of Wales. He as
sumed os many airs as Worth himself, and it
was amusing to see r parlor full of ladies
waiting for an usher to inform them in turn
that Mr. Redfern would receive them.
Within the sanctum were two young Eng
lishmen, who spoke with the most decided
accent and the real Redfern himself wore a
badly fitting coat and had a way of pene
trating the motives of the idle sight-seers
and bowing them out that was refreshing.
All dresses, jackets, wraps and so-called
"Redfern ideas" were of the heaviest clothes,
and when one woman asked if he expected
her to wear broadcloth and blanket flannel
all the year round in this climate, tha British
tailor significantly said that he coull take
her measure for a "gown" or lighter
weight material. There was a book of
sketches in water colors showing models for
"gowns;" but none of them were works of
pictorial art very new nor particular
stylish, and not even the special designs
made for the dresses of Princoss Beatrice's
trous-eau exhibited any novel or striking
features. To those who seemed to have
heard of him before Redfern was rather
gracious, but when some untutored soul
tried to cross-question him and find out who
he made dresses for, or seemed to question
his certain promise of making a "gown"
without wrinkles, he crushed them with his
magnificence all at once.
His assertion that he male "gowns for
every one, for all the world," was rather tao
sweeping for critical Americans, and the)
were not disposed to consider him sum an
autocrat of fashions as he set himself np for.
As t-e rush increased and the cards kept
coming, poor Redfern took to planting him
self in the doorway and challenging each ar
rival with the significant question, "Do yoi
want to order or be measured for a 'gownT "
Altogether it was quite as good as a comedy,
and the exhibition of "Redfern ideas" has
been qui!e the laughing topic of the week.
It was rather novel for some of these society
women to be actually snubbed by a British
tailor, after waiting his pleasure in a public
parlor, and they did not at all relish tha
way in which he doubled on the London
Like O-car Wilde, he was quick enough to
see that the Americans can be imposed upon
to any extent by something English, so he
coolly says: "In London I charge London
prices, and in Ne York, New York prices,
you know." On the whole, the old and grace
ful French way of manipulating victims is
Cramming for Examinations.
Most of our higher schools are engage! In
cramming their pupils so that they can bt
clever at examinations Toe broader pur
poses of education are not hi a hign degree,
realized in the schools where this pressure is
put upon the pupils aal their natural train
ing is almost entirely sacrificed to the domi
nant theory of a set of educators, who mean
well, but whose theory is out of harmony
with the conditions and the facts of Iiie. Go
into the homes where there are boys and
girls from 10 to 20 years of age almost any
where, and you will realize painfully what
this theory means. Tue dull pupils art
hope le -sly discouraged, while the bright
boys and girls are in nervous fear of the ex
aminations. A Farisian Jury's Verdict.
1 Chicago News.
We have long reviled the ridiculous ver
dicts of some of our juries, but the French
are superseding us in the matter of impan
eled idiocy. A Parisian jury recently ac
quitted a man charged with attempted mur
der because the revolver was badly made.
The gunsmith who sold the prisoner thi
weapon testified that he kept in stock a hugs
assortment of harmless revolvers and pasta
board daggers, and these he sold to people
whom he suspected of having, evil design!
against themselves or others. When such a
man entered his place he sold him a revolvsl
-with a crooked barrel and cartridges with
little or no powder in them. This explains
the barmleasness of the French duel.
A Fanny Man's Trip.
A professional humorist recently connected
with an Ohio paper set out on the 11th day
of September last for Los Angeles, CaL,
where be arrived on Feb. L making tbt
journey in 143 days, entirely on foot His
actual walking time was 112 days, and to
distance walked 3,507 miles, tho balance ol
the time being taken up in side eicursiOTS,
which also counted in the distance traveled.
He averaged thirty miles par day, but oa
one day he made seventy-nine miles in twan
tyone hours. His objects in making till
journey were: Information, notoriety and
materials for a book.
Growing Nettles for Fiber.
Nettle cultivation is now being tried to
Germany for the sake of the strong fiber. -J
lady at Langenschwalhacn, near Wiesbaden,
has made very successful experiments witt
the weed during the last few months, and
has now persuaded several neighboring ag
riculturists to plant an aero of flrst-oiaa
wheat land with nettles to see if the quality
of the fiber can be improved.
Luck in a Sand Bank.
Some people are born exceedingly lucky,
as is shown in the case of a man from Hart
ford. Conn , who about five years ago, witt
a few hundred dollars, went to Kansas Citj
and bought a small strip of land whict
afterward proved to be a sand bed. Hi
bought a horse and cart and hired son
shovelers; to-day his fortune is over $250,
000. Among the Little Ones.
"Why are you slapping your forehead!" a
four-year-old was asked. "I'm a finking,
came the answer.
"Do the souls of people go to heavenr
asked Alice. "Yes." was the reply. "And
not the bodies!" "No." "Well," said Alios,
after a brief pause, "what do they faster
the wings on to!"
Bent In "Twine.'
A colored preacher near Atlanta assayed
to handle the text "And devale of d
temple was rent in twine," and began by de
scribing the varieties of twine, the red
twine, the blue twine, and tha yellow twine.
Among the objects of special interest at
Fulham, the bishop of London's suburban
palace, is the original manuscript account of
the voyage of the Mayflower in the hand
writing of Governor Bradford.
Ireland is to have another electric rail
way extending froc: Bess-brook bi Xewrv.
Statistics of tha Deaf and Dumb.
The numbers of deaf-mutes in the world
are roughly calculated to be from 7UU.0OO to
900,000, and of these 63 per cent are said to
be born deaf, the other losing their bearing
by different accidents. To meet the educa
tional want of these, tWe are on the face of
the globe 367 institutions, containing 47,474
inmates of both sexes, and employing over