Newspaper Page Text
KEPUBLIG, SATURDAY EVENING MARCH 2( 1887.
-"- - - i -
(i .. i
W A COMPACT HOUSE.
i. THAT IS
OF HAVING A HALL
IhecvlJ.ii Mairway Is- Nearly indicated, a
going down parallel to the kitchen stair Hnl
under the front stair. The oellir in thw
house woultl le under the kitchen itairwa
aiul the lecvpttfi. hall, that is, it would occupy
all of out ule of thu house.
REASONS FOR THEIR PEACEFUL
RELATIONS WITH THE BRITISH.
Le floor Surface 1 Taken l" ami
Uemlere! of Greater ft lilt Tlmn tiy
the OM OMoiig Hall I'Uii-(.round ami
tapper l'loor 11 a in.
(Svoial Correspondence 1
Indianapolis March 2 Goo., and
economical housekeeping can lo uiot
ivadily earned on in a eompict house.
To say that a house ts compatt dis nnt
necessarily imply that it I crowded, or
that any of the wnditions of comfort are hM
fright of. If no avoid woto paoe. such as n
b frtsjui-nlly a-sMgntsJ to large halls and pas
fsiges w? meiely take away something; th.it
i not iieedul, is not wanted. The h-iw ai
raugtt with a Jong, narrow hall, hating th
f-tairwny at the side, is esenttallv wiistetul of
room. Such hall sj.ew is usually dark mid
gloomy a well as crowded A hall & fet
wide and 10 feet long contains ItW square
feet of ll.vr surface, though only a huuti-d
Kti-tion of it ts available, on account of tha
shape of the sjwro which remains after the .
Maimay is placed, A hall Uxl.'l feet
contains I.Vi sjuare feet, hut a grent deal '
more available r huh. Thespaeenot'Kvnpied
ly thes-tairnav is iu letter liij It is jos- '
sihlo to liave all bright and attractive It
inav have- th required amount of light. A
hall of this shajie twrtakes of the nature of a
room, and may It uwl as such. The front
jart of the house i certainly the iivM. valu
able jvart. Every one would prefer to live m
it rather than in the rear The use of a nar
row hall in the ordinary way destroys two
god front nwiw, one on the tirst and the
other on the second flxr A Rood arrange
ment to follow in the front tauway is to
lnn; it up mi near the center of the house as
jHxsible, and thus avoid the Use of long halls,
which adil so much to tho labor of housekeep
ing. The floor plans which are hero Riven are of
ahou'vof small area, U) xS4S' feet, for the
body of the structure. There i a porch in
fronts a circular bay w indow at one side, and
a pantry and china closet Vnijection at tuo
real-. In the house there are eight available
rooms beidet the Itath room and the attic In
the attic, rooms quite as hU-ral as any in tho
hou-e might constructed at small expense.
On the tirt flir as we enter there is the
nception or sitting hall, or sitting room,
which ts v) common in the more modern r- '
rangemntsof dwelling. Thla reivption hall
1 .it.it J i jji.'at
ft- ps nl
! the IndlAn Iind jn-t done the same to his pre- '
TIIK INDIANS OF CANADA. ""-.. tly to theirs, including the'
expulsion or extermination of a more rivilmnl
race, whom w call tho "mound builders "
llieiu'.t northern point at which any of
my informants have seen th-ir work h near
I Uxfoid House, on Ik-nit river, in latitude
about 5.1 degs. and aUutrKM miles northeast
of thi city Thence southwanl only occa
sional sign- of them are found till we reach
llaiuy river, whicli inut havelongcoutinued
one of their defensive hn-, for on it are
, twent) !lo high it ncal mounds evidently
built t't protet the passage, an they nre all
locate! Bt rapid- and otlwr defensible jkwiiU.
Tlie largest is at the junction of Aiueiiran
and Kainy liver, LnnU-.! as to connect
loth streani. That is now our lioundary
from Iike of tho s to Supeiior. The
antiiuitrian of Canada ngn-e that thee
mounds are only burial places by accident,
and Hint only the bonis were laid in them
after th corts liad remaiiieii long on a
ralvnl plntfomi, accirding to the present
custom of tho Indians
OKOl Mi FLOOK.
1 Tli pailor is h eiv ordinary kind of a
room i:rs k ftvt. It is omnected with
the hall b wide sliding doors, so that aliout
one half this side of th rom i open, or may
lie s. The grate opjtosite the sliding doors
in the parlor would present a ery U-autiful
view from the liall and stairun. The sliding
doois U-tween the M lor and dining room
Hiv plaeed there moix in ileferenit to custom
than through anj" jersonal viiseof their fit
ness. Sliding d'rs do not have the quality
of excluding sound that i desirable. Tho
ordinal y hinge dir is better iu that rvject.
This room whirh we call a jmrlor would
really lie used a u lining room excepting by
those who ue the dining room or one of the
svond Jloor chamlters for that purpose. It
may le said that those who woulldo this
would hardly lie liwng up to their oppor
tunities. Our dining room has an indci-endent con
nection with the front hall, so that we do not
have to go through the parlor or sitting room
to reach it A little extra money, say $tf
would pbnv a ery moo conservatory at oio
side, at one i 'ni-'ror at the end of this din-,
ing room. I'dt"ilolhrs would gie a liay
window. As it is, we liave two windows of
the ordinary kind at one side of this room
or room has a cvrtain amount of isolation ( and none at the end. Avery good arrango-
from the mssage which leads from the vesti- inent would U to take one of the windows at
triielr I.tul lltsttihutlioi II Came from
the Tar Nut!iwf Must ! Iheiu
' Trace ILuU to llie tliab.isra Itatlli.
Curiosities .r I ill... I Krl-.tloiis.
St-et tat v'ern-simnit'-Dee 1
Winmit.1, Man.. March l Much ha
, b.vu iud f tho "faithful Indiins and
w-ise Indian policy" of thv Ihitl-h, how the
agvnts(dwns kept faith with the Indians,
and the Indians wen always s.itisflel, how
ur givat mother" (the quvn) is worshiinsl
in the wig wants and tier representatives haiiwl
as dcmig'xN, how the noble IbsU are never
dts?euiil oi starve I tr b'tt uakitl. and what
a lovely sunvss l!ie whok) ssteui Is So I
have done m uiquisitorril lnrst to get to the
root and gimnds f tho matter; and for con
venience sake will gne Urn conclusion Inst.
The coinpanttne success of the ltntbh In
dian policy is due, in a small degree, to
siierinr honest and management, and al
most entirely to circum -lances which could
not exist in the United States and could not
1 now l reproduced m Canada. These are:
, Tho vast extent of game leai nig country to
a smaller niimlr of Indians, the lavish
abundant of Ush iu the far north and placid
disiiomt ion of the fidi eat rs, the long, cold
wiuttrs rendering cauiiiaigns m the Indian
method liiijiOsMble; the a!sence of those vast
deserts and ruggel iitountains which make
our southwestern territories the refuge of
outlaws and s.ivnges, und aUive all, piobably
more than nil other causes combined, the im
mense alue of thes. northern furs, which
have made every trading post a havm of
blis to the Indian hunter and the life of
every skilLtl Indian of great value to tho
traders. If tho Puritans could have estalt
lished u "factory" at 1'lv mouth and putta
PRENTICE MULFORD TELLS OF
THEIR PERILS AND PLEASURES.
California and Ili-t Knral Ire Purine
Hi CUII W.ii (.ti.irdim; an 4lfltrn
Agalnnt an .tt.nk tli.it .Never Cam. '
An Atmislni; 1 poKr.iiitileal lltiinder.
iSpei'ial l"trrrsnuiiiee i
Uoston. March -"J On looking luick 1 find
tC m Mirpiise that 1 have had a eon?iderahlo
and aii"l experience in lilting country
jujuis, fsj-emlly in Oilifoint.i More often
my commisMon as etlitor has I -en a b'mpo
rary one, having lceii called to the hair
while tho n-siMtnsible editoi slid down to San
Francisco on a "jusear A "pasarM is from
the Sivinish, and menus in Auu-rican that the
and this theory is (,ltoi h.-, $lfrti or id" ahead of the hounds
stn-ngtheiieil by tho fact that abundant evi uhviewith he prois-ws to lsit San Franc wo
deiicrurniNtkiic nnd -riiianeut camp life and refresh and itviuit his tireil brain with j
aiefound iu the samo mound withiuman whatever San Francieo can give him I
1-oiies. think these alternations in elitorial pulpits a
Ihp family ami tribal relationships of the pood pi net ice They give the man left tern- '
Lanatla Indians are even more complicated Mirnly m charge an opportunity to ventilate
than of those, iu our territory, especially as
concerns tho totem; for no matter how re
mote the kindred tribe may tie, those of the
ai ne b item in Ioth tnltesaro considered as
one fumily. Thus a Creo man w hose totem is
the bear may not marry a woman of tho
same Intern in tlie most remote and long do
lus ieuliar ideas, and in cases give the editor
considei able to do on coming baefc to repatr
the damage and quiet tho wutliou the tem
porary man has nutdw among tho readers.
Country editing grows moie savage as it '
moves vvestwanl I rememU'r twenty odd i
years ago U-ing shown a chiset in the viuctuiu
parted band. Shois his sister. They some- of a California weekly wper full of niles,
timedo marry, but it is considered incest.
It is scarcely necessary to add that both
the Hudson Hay conqtany and the govern
ment sternly foibid the introduction
of whisky, and that the usual
number of daring dealers retail
on th sly the vilest firewater that ever
carried bell down the savage throat und
shot guns and revolvers. That was in Mari-
poa county The jieii there and then did not
seem mightier than the swonl. The editor's
pen in -up conn try California was often
tipl'ed with iTonahtyt inventive, abuse,
and gall. Rsjvcially w.is this the ca. din ing j
the war. When in the town of Sonora, Tuo- '
lumne county, the Republican and Democratic
bule to the stairway and the rear jortion of ;
the house. It may lie eiarated thervfroni by
cuitainsor ixrtiere while tho passage mid
thesideantl place it at the rear end, though
near the outside corner of the room. This i
wimld givtsp.ico 1 et ween the w indotrs and j
inecmua citset iioor lor a siiieooaro. llie
window ut the side of the dining room, if the
other wero moved to the end, should bo hi J
the midd!"of tho wall space that is, opjosite .
the center of the flue. This dining room
should have a hardwood floor, say oak or i
narrow strqK. Tlien there could bo a nig
under the table and the finished floor around j eVerv bnndred miles or more to the Missis
it. An arrangement of thU kind is not only j sippi", and left the lndisn free to range, with
a saving in excuse, in Uiat one does not hnve an assurance that by one lucky catch a few
so much carjt to buy, but it also makes a t Wavers, twoor three otters or one black fox
-e v beautiful room, and is cleanly. ) ho could buy luxuries for a winter, and if
From the dining room we go into tho ; this condition"could have continued a century
kitchen through tho china pantry, which is j before white settlement encroached on th
mnifced, passage." This chin, luntrr has a savaces. there would have been no -Kinir
CKEK SCOIT IN CAXADUN SERVICE.
hall "may lie ued as one room, it may le is.
latelto uny degree desirable. It would Ik?
entirely possible to separate the two by
moans of sliding doors, in which event
the opening from the room into the
jKLSsage would have to le a little
narrower than shown on the drawings. This
room could le u-sl as tho office of a physi
cian, or of a gentleman who did more or )ss
busings at home, by making tho front vesti
bule about six inches deeper. A separate en
trance could 1 provided. In this event, a
door from tho room into theiassage leading I
to'J.e living part of the hou-e would bo a
neccwity. The circular bay end of this room j
would present an attractive feature. Tho
wiudows in this art of the room might bo
placed alout four feet from the floor, in
which evuit Uk bhelves could larrangvil I
below- them. The window in front goes to
within seventeen inches of the floor. Under '
the stairw ay and leading from this reception :
room is a ery hberal closet, which would
render this room much more habitable. In '
this closet there should be a small window.
little window at one side nnd at the cud a
separate ajiartment for china ware which is
closed from the jassae bv means of glass
doors. The doois loading from the jwssnge.
into the dining iwm and kitchen should be
hung on double sw ingmg hmges, so that they
willoiieu lMtth ways and always stand closetl
whfii no in ui- tr held securely open by
means of secial appliances. II3- the uvof
such doors tlieiv is little difficulty in ket ping
tho odors of the kitchen from the dining
room and other iurts of the house. The sub
ject of pantries and china closets is n largo
one and cannot be considered in detail at this
1 Cv-V,r J Ov-Ur
1 h I
There are those who would snv that there
should be no door from the kitchen into tho
Leading from the parage is tha stairway, ' Iassage leading from the dining room to the
front ball It would probably bo well to re
tain this door in this io-.ition and have n lolt
on the side of the door toward tho hall. Thus
tho mistress of th house could close it and
keep it closed at will. Another thing that
two closets and two places which may be
used for a bat rack. One might le Used for
a hat rack and the other for an umbrella
stand as to the closets, one for the gentle
men of the house and the other by the ladies.
Tho one nearest the stairway would probably
be chosen for the former. In it might Ik i it closed. The window sin this kitchen should '
placed overshoes, coats, hats, etc. Thus the 1 placed nltout three feet from tho floor, so
hall will be comparatively free from everv- , that tables may 1 place.1 under them. There (
thing excepting that belonging to visitors or a P,aw Ior a caT o n me twowin-
n a i7 i ., 1 - u t j- i dows, or even under them if desirable. Tlie
callers. A closet to be used by the ladies h at the rear ofthe kitche Wa.
alone wiU never le fully appreciated until j dosed with lattn-e work, or what is better,
they hare the use of such a one. And then, to coarse loutere.1 slats likethose ofa shutter.
use a common expression, they could hardlv In either event they could bo covered with
Philip's War But the Puritans had
totally different 'mission Vet with all these
advantages Canada has seen some rather
bloody Indian wars, and even as I write the
politics of this province are embittered by re
criminations on the death of Jxmis Kiel and
the causes of tho Metis rel?llion.
All the Indians of British America, ex
cluding the detached Esquimaux of tho
islands, nuunVr 129,.ViTi; and atthedrstdiv
covcries they were located ns follows: All
that vast region east of Hudson's bay and
the Ottawa was occupied by the Algonquin '
(pronounced Al-yoakin), but their many sub-',
divisions finally grew into separate tribes,
such as the Amahcite, of QueLiec, aud the,
Micmacs, of Xova Scotia and New Bruns-'
wick. West of the Algonquin were tbir I
kindred end usual allies, tho Hurons; and a
destructive warltetween them and the Iro
quois, of New York, involved the French
and almost destroyed tho infant colony. Of
tho great Huron nation many fragments sur
vive as local tribes, and among them are set
tled most of therefugeed Indians from the
United States; 90 we And in Ontario (Canada
West) tho Moravians, of the Thames; the
Misv'ssaquas ("Big Black Snakes''), of Mud
lake; the Mohawks, of Quint; the Wyan
dot, of Anderdon, and the Six Nations, on
Grand river. As the said "nations only
cumber 3,210, it is plain they are but a rem
nant of tho great confederation of Now t
West of tho Hurons we find the great wil
dernes-s of brush and rocks, extending from
Superior 1101 thw est to Nelson's river, which
apjears to have len from time immemorial
the breeding ground of untamable savages.
Perhaps it was tilled by the outcasts en
planted the spirit of murder in his heart, organs npi-nred everybody looked for a row. '
And It is one of the most curious things in Party prejudices and party sympathies ,
nature that the Frencn half breeds or Metis, were brought much closer together than iu
ui, 1 vauti.. m.c ,u u ritiKU mi-u nun no Our noriUni IOWI1S HI1U VllingW. Ill lailltH- I
' tlie most gentlemanly of frontiersmen, when nia the xpuUtiwi nanlKut eijually divideit i
eolier. straightway turn tonil.l Inilians when tn-twtn tboo of northern and southern
drunk. Ten ounevs of whisky will drown the birth. The ktate at one time was "on tlie
Frenchman in a Meti ami turn Ioumj the wild fence," and came near tiniuiif; over into the I
Ojiliheway who h Ivn all the years lying southern fol.L There as "II1 on the face I
nmcealeil in hii system I would not venture of the moon" all the time in those days. Tlie '
to wy that the wune amountof the sauie kind nun who mwt tuweml a an editor was he
01 wmsiij- woma resurreci ine Anglo cgiion niiooould Handle tlie mstol as quickly as tho
pirate in a New York -bruiser," for the Inter- pen. It did not matter much if he could
alofUme has probably been too long; but handle the en at nil so that he
I it is curious that as simple a fluid as whisky could the pistol, ami hired somo
I should produce such a -reversion" up here, one to drive a stiiiRmg quill for him. IVr-
isn't itf sonat nhti!e was what the Nn-s on lxth stiles
! The liest result of the British conquest of wanUsl to read. The interest in an argument
I Canada was that it wtiml a Ions peace with was inteiisille.1 by the possibility tliat the
J the Indians, lint the rival Northwest com- principals after exhausting words would have
I panvRrew up and operated from the great recourse to powder and lead.
j lakes and along our border; so the employes And so they did. A leading Hepubllcan
of the two conivanies fought in the wilderness editor went after his man while he was eating
I and stirred up strife among the Indians. The his dinner in a Sonora restaurant. He never
j llu.U.n Bay oomiiany therefore encouraged finished that dinner. Tlie fighUng ditor then
Ixrd Selkirk to found a colony here in 1S11- went to his ortlce. got his shot gun, went into
I 13, but the Northwest company's men stirred the main stieet and dared the whole Demo-
up Indians and half breeds against it. and cratio pally to take him. Tlie Democratic
they captured and murdered ffov. Semple party did not take him. The sheriff did.
I and twenty other otllcials and colonists. And But that was alL The editor livtd on. The
as the latter company's men were chiefly man he shot died. In a fortnight the affair
French, and the Hudson Bay's men English, had lost its fredmess as news, and the town,
there are two conflicting account of that like the barber, was in thought singing out
nuusacreio tuisuav. , Next!
On the night after the news of Lincoln's
assassination reached California the ottlco
of the Democratic paper in Sonora was
filled with men armed with shotguns
and rifles, for the rejiort ran to the effect
j that the Republicans intended to sack the
Democrats' otlice. I was ono of the armed
men on this occasion. Never was there a
more miserable defender of a "Lost caus"
My mind was made up on one point and that
, was to discharge myself from that office on
the first discharge of guns. That was a long1
. and weary n'ght waiting for the attack which
j never came. In imagination it was coming
' every minute. I think the bravest
1 among us was glad it did not come.
. 1 passed part of the time in tring to
After that there was another long peace cipher out whether courage was a merely
till the confederation was formed and lands physical or a mental quality. I decided in
granted to the Canadian 1'acitlc; then the fr ot the mental. Because there was a
Metis took fright, ns they had previously held demijohn iu the offlce furnished with aminu
their lands on a sort of squatter's title, not nitiou for the occasion. It contained con
by sections, but in water lots a narrow front denI vegetable fluid food, an extract from
on tho river and a long strip running back, cora- JIu!,t of u favored at that time this
just as herd nghU are held iu southern kmd ot vegetable diet. As I drew nutriment
Colorado. Fcainig they would lose part of from tho demijohn it recuperatwi my body
their claims they went into the rebellion end made it stronger. As it became stronger
of 1SGV-T0, led by Louis HieJ, who I felt temporarily more inclined to meet the
proclaimed a lepublic When the British possible foe-for a few minutes. But as the
regulars came he went to Minnesota, effect of this nourishment wore off I felt
and the 'republic" collapsed. But In 1SS5 he 1ks ""l liS inclined to meet the foe,
tried it again, and there was some real stand unless on friendly terms. The condensed
up fighting. The history is recent and Amer- ' cunt extract seemed to alTect first the mental,
ieans were not deply interested. The net re- nJ lt changed the mental from cowardice
suit was tho capture and execution of Kiel, to courage' its effect seemed to spread to the
the submission of the Metis aud a prompt re- physical and brace that up also,
turn of the Indians to their peaceful habits. , A few jears after this I found myself
But this short war is already a fruitful sub- running a Democratic campaign paper in
I -0 Ts.rs w "
H FA &ni
An Invaluable Medi
cine for Woman."
UDIl E. PINIHAM'S
r ALL of ttuwe Pmlnful
Delicate Complintj and
k Complicated trouble- 4Usd
tWetliDn so oommoa
r oar Wir. JCotlk
TBI TAfTK. tm-
CACIOr A5 "
nednit and latt
tmtt in it tWrrt
IT a A TIRT GREAT tlZLT W rrrrACT, AJTD UUTM
f AW bCUXi LIB- IK AXD AT UOrUK III HITS CAL, TTUotM.
OVER 1000 LADIES IN PHILADELPHIA
lon, testify u to IU ctxxl Qulitle. Itl a dcUnt
iiAtu-r to testify about but we have their dikk.
tWTar all veaVnmiec of the cenenUre organ of
either Kf, lt la aetxml to no remedy that haa Ttr
beea before the public; and foralldieof thalUoV
ney it u the Uritt i.'mcty tm the World.
PHYSICIANS PRESCRIBE IT FREELY.
It jrmrj,r U Jrtv fitr (). ljtttmnU ktallng 0 di
fiParndtSsrnitf f i"int,o4 it d( xLLit ctuimi to d.
It will cure entirely all OTartan or Vaginal troublee.
Inflammation and Ulceration. Fulling and InjpUc
taenta; anl conaequeat Spinal WetiCM, and la par
ticularly adApteJ to the Change of Life.
WEARY WOMEN PRAISE IT.
It remOTta Folntnem. Flatulency, deatroyt all era
rng for umulanu, ad relieves Weakneaa cf the 8 tots
ach. It cures Bloating, Headaches, Xerro j Proatra
tion. General 2bllir. Sleepleasneea, Depreaaion and
Indigestion. That focUng of bearing down, causing
pain, and backash. is permanently cured by lia oea,
AN ANCEL OF MERCY.
It ts absolutely asafo cure tor all female weaknesses,
ncluding leucorrhosa. Irregular and painful aienstru
atlon. iLflunmAton and Ulceration of the womb.
flooding, prolapsus uteri. Ac, It contain no sub
stance that la harmful. la mfr and nri.
$1, (G for Jfi, In I.l'ial.l, rill or Loieage Forsi.
No family should be without LTDIA E.PINKITjLMTI
IX7Ea PIXLd. They cure constipation. MTlnnsncea.
and torpidity of the liver, 25 cenu per box.
all these world-wide celebrated remedies are manu
factured at Lynn. Mas. The Compound (in form of
locengea and pills , Liver Pills and SanatlT Weak
Jan be sent by mail on receipt of price.
rAll Sold b Irtifr1ta.-E
Seid stamp for Mrs. Plnkham'a "Guide to Health"
nd Confidential circular, with dearaiptlon of easa
uid symptoma of wtjatrpeas. MentUtm. tale u
W. L. DOUGLAS
TllH leading :i. Shne
ofthe- world. Madenftu
bt rn.it' nai perf.-i t fit and
j tvpsrt r n ut o'ually told
, ;or liana'. r.Trry
I pair warranted Con-grt-ss.Hntton
1 o '
A METIS "MIACK.
niuriil ie none itouhi t 10 pine a sironz ;...;. .i-., - .u .;! .. u .1
sprins 0:1 this door, liich wouM always kp rfa l5tA thnt . ntm n . nnr - t mH l!ftf.
solIIicrs.,, Hut in tbis tviMernrs aro xiovr no
ject for song and ur and a rr.ervoir of
domestic rotnaiice for the writers of tbe Ilril ii
Kortliwest; and in front of tbff city ball in
thu place is a magnificent monument of Sel
kirk stone in honor of tho tive U'innipeggers
who were kill 111 that war.
Trm summing up of tbi history U that there
has Irvii aliuc-t continuous peace with the
Indians of Canada since the Hudson Bay
understand how they ever kept house w itliout
it." The little. lussage lu which this closet U
placed is sqianitel from the hall by a dvor.
There is another door leading out of this
iiassape into the kitchen. Thus there are two
doors between the kitchen and the front iart
wreen wins and made a irt of the kitchen in
summer In tho plan, hotvever, nothing of
this kind is indicated. The door w hich leads
from the jorch into the pantry 14 a small one,
placed above the ice chest, anl is for the u'
of the ice mm. Ily opening the door he can
place the ice in the ri f ngerator w ithout com-
hostiU TmliiiM. nnd hnr., n.l tir f..rtil comtMiiiy obtauied control And now the
tracta have been discovered. Aftr croTsing t officials have the system so well organizwl
the dividen and getting well down on the
and each little land so carefully counted and
the center of a large agricultural section.
The farmers or "randier coming in on mar
ket days were wont to pay their respects to
the editor of their party organ. They had a
go "Ideal to say without saying much after
alL They had ideas they wilied
generously enough to give me, but 1
the trouble was so man words had
accumulated about the idea, that it !e
came dlllicult to dissever tho idea from tho
wonls. 1 notice the same tendency at times
in some jt-ople's writings aud feel also at
WR1TTK.V II V His UIoW.
1 The KTeat tiemaud for this shoe hat been a soft
j cleDtgaaranteeof its lellabllltf to make the pnb-
1 lie it'll be'tersatlsned.we haremadesorhlinprofe-
j ments that there ran be bo qurtiontoonrciaimof
I aiWlnj;rtf .iJl th trorlt.
XV. L. DOUGLAS 2.S0 SHOE.
for fnltntn. Uest call, w th In. t torn 01 (wiee ted
tocW. and FiQNt. If not supflor. to the f3 shoes
, alTertled by other flms. We lQTlte a personal
1 larctln and r t.inr)on before purchasing.
1 Hi SHCti: Yiilt HOYS. 1-ame styles ai tha
, $.1 he. Ca-efui'y amtfabtaotlally made.ftTllsa
and nnefUAlld a a school shoe. If ur of tha
1 aKre runno be h 4 at your ieIer"s,eoa sddresB
' v- - pottal to W. L. Douglas, Brockton, Msm.
PAXSON 8l WELLAND
No. !i l.i.t Miln Strrrt, Sprlnctirld, O.
He never jaweil in all his life.
He never was unkind.
Ami (tlimi;li I ay It, who wa his wife)
Such men are hard to iind.
I never chanced my in);le lot,
I thought 'twnulil If a Mil ;
I thoueht o much of Deacon Iteilott
I never got married acain.
If ever he spoke a wonl in heat
UN aneer mud was o'er ;
He alw aj dresMil in garments neat
That came from J. M. Kimte's store.
A wonderful tender heart he had
That felt for all mankind ;
He told his friends that honest goods
At J. M. Knote's store they'd find.
Whisky and rum he tasted not ;
k 'Twas sinful. 1 suppose;
And. being savinir. Deacon liedott
Went to J. M. Knote's for his clothes.
Hut. poor man, he died all the same.
My grief I can't control :
He left cood clothes and an honest name
His willow to console.
The linet, ino-t complete and cheapest
Line of overcoats, glove and underwear
In Springfield is at J. M. Knote's
(iloho Clothing Houm-, 13 east Main st.
RAILROAD TIME CARD.
1 Clas-eland, Columbus, Cincinnati
R Xteht Express ,
12 New York Jt Boston Ki press.
'Z Clereland Eastem Kx press.
1 Vew Vork UaltedEipress ..
k Night Express
. 3.4" pm
of the hou.se. ThU arrangement has in mind j lug through the kitchen. With some of the
the isolation of the kitchen from the other
rooms in a way to prevent the jkasnage of the
usual kitchen odors.
While the stairways in this houare con
venient and easy of construction, there is a
certain amount of complication iu their ar
rangement which make them duTicultof de
rcni'tion sons to be understood by those not
accustomed to examining floor plans. For
this reason I will consider myself fortunate if
1 make myself understood by all alike. In
the firvt place, tucro is tlie stairway from the i jr landing e find a short hall with only rat
front hall to the floor aboe and out from ' tinent wall s-jian to contain doors to enter tho
the kitchen to the landing of the front stair- 1 various room-, thus avoiding all waste space,
wayand another from tho kitchen to the 'which means m much in housekeeping
cellar. The lauding of the front Stairw a v and "lnZ out of this hall is a store cWt for
.k- i t.- f si- i-.m t,w-.. '.- ; ' lMing. .-tc. It is locatwl as to U accessi-
w '""V; 1 7 - j ' " bie from all rtKmis. From the front end of
refrigerators the hinges on the coer have to
lie changed from the back to the side. A
i great deal more might bo raid in a houe
' keeping way nlnit tins kitchen, which, with
a properly arranged Mnk and tables, could lu
i made very comeuient. It may U well to
statethat the stove i placed between the cellar
door and the door leading into the fi out diu
, ing room passage. The all space next to the
flue i used for the unit, in order to keep the
pips from freezing.
llie Mairwav to toe upper n"or tin icen
strauns wliich flow northueU into Hudson I Jocatetl, mat you can tate tlie report of tne woer nines men an umicuou mywii. j
baj- we thid the "Swampiesw or Hwaxnp ' commissioner of Indian affairs and find the patrons had rather vague ideas as to the
i eXJU.1 bUllUS Ol OlillUI. Cerjf XOUIBII IlCfcWfVH l",lo,j, mc ..imi o uu.iit a lie, anuiiiv,.
our national boundary uud the Arctic circle. ' for me an ability to write in a ongle day the
I'arke. selected story on the outride of the paper nnd
all the editorial and se! ted matter beside.
Very Comenlent for the Uoj. I might have taken this as complimentaiy.
Among" tho-e in atteiulance at the recent " l 'ouuJ thei' thought even this not much
O. A. It. cncampinent in St. l'aul was a out ot tlw ouundsof any editor's daily work,
middle aged nuui who was doing a thriving Indeed, it seemed never to wcur to them that
businev, in arranging badges for those in at- ' t01 uch Io,,Sl'r writ,) a s,ry or an
tendance. He hail a box in which he kept editorial than it did for them to read it I
a large number of slips of paper ujon which 'ouni1 ,hat writing with them was a trifle
were the names of various companies, iTgi- Iowl'r tlm uoI digging. If a man was
nieuts and division. Then, when some man "Ot " bucking at it" all the time, they thought
would want a badge, he would take from the " "aimed his money- very easily. My
Iwiatinv envelope, select the company de- readers wero largely from the southwest,
sired and the isn-essary figures, stick them They were e.iy to suit in ono respect. They
upon the narrow piece of ribbon forming tha " "l inruoiur as 10 grammar or sijie,
fullv decnUtl. When weame at the ujv- I
common; that is, it is the same. For the pur
pose of making this understood I will say
that one might go up the stairway from tlie
front hall to the landing some eight steps
above and from thence down into the kitchen,
or he can turn light face and go on the land
ing to the second floor. This part of the stairs
is uoed by the people coming up from the
kitchen as well as by those from the front
liall. However, the kitchen stairway is se;
arated from the landing by a door. There
is, as well, a door at the foot of this kitchen
stairway. In coming down stairs from above
one may turn to the right, open a door and
go on down into the kitchen, or he may turn
to the left and go down the front stairway
into the liall.
Thus it will be seen that ire lve a com
bination stairway, if such it may l called.
It k front ami rear stairway together, with
separate entrance from loth xivU of the
houe, one horn the kitchen and one from the
front b!L It must be confess! that there n
a certain amountof compromise in this soit
f an an-an-zeiii-Tit, but there would also l.e a
compromise if ihetewere an independent nar
stairway. It would either increase the ex
jieiiseof the boil-', or it would sac. i fice ot
1-ast one huge U-droom Furthermore, ewn
In the latter eent. the houe would have to
1 mad larger nd there would lw waste
room on ace-iimt of extra balls and passages
Ky this aintngeiuent, shown on the plans,
"'ever thing i vncentratl aiul without the
senou .-ouipioiuis which an extiu rot or a
smaller number of i otmis would imply to those
who have only a little ovei 2,00l) to spend
for a house.
Th bead room for the stairway coming
up from the kitchen is secured under the I-fltb
tub in tha bsvii room inuotaliaUiV above.
tlie ball a door loads into the siair assageto
thw uttla Luu 1L Ciutbox.
How Huritig Itran at IVeat Point.
"I think that hazing liegan at West Foint
in IS'JT, my plelie ear, nnd the same in which
my old friend, JeiTerwin Davis, graduated.
That year a oung fep you would probablj
call him a dude in these days entered the
academy from one of the New England
states, I forgot which one now. At any rate,
the Ikjvs madti him tho tirst victim of the
persecution since known as hazing. Tlie
treatment was very mild, and consisted of
puns und satins uui his apjR-arance, mim
icry of his airs and graces-, and, lastly, a
seemingly aidental fall mtoa horse trough.
UeiL ilham niuoiyiu Washington Post.
lit- l'anumu Canal.
Tlie following item regarding the progress
of work on the I'anama canal are of interest:
CREE CHIEF! I ROUDAT DRESS.
Crees, the and kindred tnl line the whole
western shore up to tlie Esquimaux. Thy
are generally gnuped as Muskegies i e.,
Indians who In e in the Muskegs, "swamps.
Severn lake, in latitude T4 degs. and longitude
tfJdegs. oOmin , is the great highland reser
oir from which the Seern goes northeast
badge, aud, quickly rubbing them down with
a cloth upon a heated iron, the badge was
completed. He told me that he had been the
means of getting together very many men
who would otherwise not have met, and who
thus were enabled to exchange facts and in
cidents in their historic happenings since they
met in the days of the rebellion. The liadge
brought them. Iioneer Fress 'Listener'
A Itlr.U Head Dinner.
A bird's head
so that it was strong ami vigorous. Once I
published a -leader" in which I alluded
to th nation as -staggering under
a load of debt. Possibly the printers in set
ting it up were loaded with the same kind of
inspiration I had been while writing it. At
nil events, to my horrified gaze next morning
the nation was represented as stuttering
under a load of diet." But nothing ever
came of it.
My rancher readers of the San Joaquin
unuieriianj was a unique en- raney ,mt ori thoir sptvtacles nd calmly
. ... . .,. ,,, .... i,. fI,lleil tiirough the article
and possibly sn al
to the ly and the Wastickna southwest to ""ure representing the head of a bird, an owl, joneJ tue IasnKe nnd took it as bearing
Iike Winnipeg; ami in the oMeii time a sin
glofnetnider, by venturing into this region
with his ttand of employed Indians, bas
cleared i.10,UUU sterling from a single season's
West of the high wilderness come the
Chippeways, extending south into Minnesota
and west to the narrow territory of the Hlack
feet, at the eastern lae of the Itocky moun
tains. These last extend a long w ay north,
and north of them are the Chippewans a
vague designation of many bands, which
reach again to the Esquimaux. The western
Crecs also extend from western Manitoba far
toward the north. And despite long wars
with the Chippeways and their so-called
expulsion, there ire still two thousand Sioux
u turtlwlove ami other birds. The most ele
gant was tliat of a peacock, with creat, repre
sented by an aigrette iu diamonds, emeralds
and saphires. t'hicago Tim.
Twenty thousand men are on the isthmus; 415 Intje RrtMi northw-n. The Chippewayi
miles oi sjMfiai railroad nae u-n hunt; 14,
() cars, i steamers, "0ev'lst CM email
ironworks, -Is, drags, 10 herculean excavat
ors, 30 j ton erf ul jerforators, and -fVs un
ruciise pumping engines are at work. Light
for night woik is supplied by 7,(K)laiiiis,aiui
ITTi engines are constantly engaged. lloston '
Kndiiraiire of Itig Cunti.
Gun makers record with satisfaction that
not one of the lt(tlnian guns has cer been
exploited, eeu though the pressure goes as
high as !o),(iCi jtounds to the square iiifh.
The cndurniice ranges from SOU to 2,400
rounds. The average pressure in Knippj
guns is .jn,0XI i-ouuds to the square iniiv
claim that they hae U-en dniiiig th-Sioux
lefoie them for many generations tonaid
the south Hinl west, and there is no clear j
tradition of any time when the two nations
wtre at iace. And here I must note one1
eunous fact Almost every Indian tradition
repiesvi.ts the tube a coming from the north,
dnvmg other tribe lteforvit,utid many of
the important liaud far iu the southwest
tiace back Ma egioti north of the Saskatch- ,
man Tin MiamLs, who were the nborigi '
iiw of Indiana to u, were first, found
by the Kiench in northern Iowa, and both
histoiy an.i tiadition relate the southward
uiigratiou of the great Shosbonee. race So
those humanitarian who mourn that "the
lturen . Vaon.
Des Moixes, Iowa, March :.. Iluren
8. Wason, of La Porte, Iowa, who is
beginning to win for himself a name as
a writer on free
trade and kindred
topics, enjoys the
that of being a live
of U'i'ig theoung
t jKistmaster hold
ing a "presidential
orfice in the
country He re
ceive I his commis
sion in 1&n, when
but Si years old.
He is a La Porte
Iwy and began his
as one of the odi-
some profound aud hidden meaning.
Abstractly, wo do not lielieve in laws to
force men to U-have themstUes. Hut con
cretely, men must lo heled to do right if
they won't do so of their own accord. TTm
Km css liffk
BUKEN S. WASSOX.
tors of The Li Porte Progiess at the age of VX
Among Mr Wuvson's literary efforts may le
mentioned a stirmg free trade at tide printed
In The Chicago Current two years ago in
answer to Gen. James S. Brisbin, who bad
espoused the protection cause.
Yli I the Centlemau
44 It is u m.stake," sas Ouida in the North
American Kjiew? to compare moral
qualities witi th" qualities which ixm
jjuse cultui" aud g(il breeding It
is ft iujike indeitl, and yet it is
almost ns common as spftih. ItHause, for
instance, it is excellent to le a gentleman,
that is, a man of breeding, nnd it i also ex
cellent to Ik u man of upright character and
and kindly dis.josition, we tind these qualities
qnctetl and atlmiretl as if they were inter
changeable. This nbsenceof discrimination
empties words of all meaning.
A pei-son, says Ouida, "may W full of
kindly courtesies and never utter the shallow
of an untruth, ami yet he may have red hot
hands, n trilent voice, an unsupportable
manner, ilropptl aspirates and a horribly
gnss joviality, which makes him tho vul
garost of the vulgar Itut gtxl brewling
by iuivss.it y is coming to mean almost any
thing elst? the senker w ishes, for the impera
tio reason that tho thing itelf is disapiiear
ing; and as for the wont gentleman, what
Lioeii that ipeau now more than a human
T. si.g.. Cln. A- . Kx 5JA am
I I Cia i'lylax linckeje ...TAI am
2j Cluclnnatt i In4lanapiUs Kiprei... 11.10 am
I J ClerelauiS A Cincinnati Express l-Mpm
j 5 Clntl.. Iad..st. Louis A Kaa. Kx 'i3b pm
iniTi rxox EAST.
Xluht Express "ilSun
I I Cln. Flying iluekeje - "7i0am
s CleTela&d Jt Cincinnati Eipress 1JU pa
5 Sew York. Ilustoa Jt Clacmnatl tx-'i-ii pm
f AER1T1 rK4)l H.irTU.
' S Night Express IJSam
1 3i Dayton. SpnngBeWAccom.fr't .05am
II New York i. Boston UmlteU v.15m
, 2 GeTelana i Eastern Express.. 3.W pm
l Cincinnati Jt Sprtoitneld Accom. . -. 5-S0 pm
II New Vork Limited Express S.1S pm
No. 12 bas through sleepers to New i orx and
: aosion wnaouicnange.
No. ls the lasious limited exprejf. com-
foied entirely ot sleepers, east ot CleTelanH.
brouxh sleepers from SprlnKfieM. Makes
Vew ork In H hours and Boston In 21X
No. 27 has free Kecllnlng Chair car to St.
, Luuls it buut change.
i G. H. KNIQUT.
J.R. Ticket and Ocean steamship Agent.
1 . J. SMIIU. Arcadeliepot.
0. P. A. Sprtmtfleld. 0.
tcctlaoft, Uloomlogton snU Western Ball
1 Night Ex
7 Sandusky Mail
5 Tactile .Mail and Ex
3 Kansas City Ex H .
2 Columbus Express ....
4 Atlantic Mail
5 .-anJuiky .Mail.
8 New York Limited.. .
icilll no wist.
2 EaiternEx . ..
4 Atlantic -Mail
8 New York Limited
ooi o WIST.
1 Night Express 2:15 am
5 Paclflc Mall luO am
3 Kansas City Ex .. . 5:15 pm
isaiTi rxoK xoxth.
1 Cincinnati Ex 1:14 am
5 Kenton Accommodation. . .-..- 9:25 am
2 Columbus Mall 1:14 pm
2 Lakeside Ex
7 45 am
. . lu:4d am
.-.. 9:45 am
..... 9:45 pn
. .. 2AS am
. 9:J5 am
. 2:45 am
0 - S '
V A 7Z.
4 Put In Bay Ex.
5 bandusxy r.x-
1 Mall and Ex
3 Balnbrldge Accom
I Mall and Ex
I BalnbrlSge Accom
ritta. Oln. M SU Lools B. IU I- M. OlTt
1 7ait Line.
1 11 Xenla Accom
. 9 Western Express-..
1 Clnclunatl Exprcs
iuiti raoit wist.
! 1C Tenia Aeeom ....
-: zz- .
7:14 a. m.
. 10:21) a.m.
. 5:io p. m.
6 Eastern Express.
7:14 a. m
. 'S-.tO p.
5:10 p. m
r co S
nbiteinnu took the Indian's country from I There nre oidy two prolcsslocal prtz i.ijwl or ins male genuerf Jew xorKiiom
I Lim." uiav iiuJ consolation in tho fact that fighters in Italy. . . . JounuU.
s- co 42
& 3 ea
1 Limited Kinress
1 Columbus and Kicbmond Mall..
I 'Dally. tUally except Sunday.
! Traius Nos. 11 and 9 run solid to Richmond.
i Train No. 9 bas chair car from Springfield to
, St. Louis.
I Trains Nos. 6 and 12 run solid from Rlch-
' mond to Springfield.
I No. 6 has cbair car from St. Louis and point
. west to prlnglleld without change.
I We make fast ttras and sure connections.
3a v. Dodds. Ticket Agent.
H. Y Fenn. Ohio K. B.
' All trains run on Central time 25 minute
slower than city time.
TRUSS A&K1TK FROMTHK EAST.
No. 3. Cln. A St. Louis Ex.. dally 1:41a. m
" 1. Accom-dally except Sunday.l0:35 a. m
5. St. Louis Ex.. dally 4:47 p. m
1 TRUSS LEAVE (iOISO EASr.
'No. 4. New York Limited, daily.. ..10:42a.m.
" 2. Accom ..lallyexceptSunday. 5:07p.m.
" 12. Atlantic Ex.. dally 2:25a.m.
I TRAINS ARBOK FROM THE WEST.
No. 4. St. Louis Llmlted.dally 10:40a.m.
" 2. Accom. .dallyexceptSunday. 5:05 p. m.
12. New York Ex.. dally. 2:15 a.m.
TRUSS tIAVEIiOlSO WEST.
No. 3. Cln. iSt. Louis Kx.,Uaily 1:17 a. m
rf " 1. Accom.. daily excepi funaayiu:tua.m.
j 5. St. Louis Ex.. dally 4:19 p.m.
S" No. 4 bas sleepers, but no change of ears In
either case through to New York. No. 5 hat
. through sleepers to St. Louis All trains ar-
rive aud depart from I. B. A W. depot In thll
For tickets to all points and further lnfor-
. matlon. callon J. D. Phleoer.
,j, Agent.?2 Arcade.
ee JeVw b meL radically cuftco ay
: jt. w wrvm m tiiiik iriivvij. luuuwiui at
I cn:d ATTHMRHOME.NoWtrlmCtlICl
bw.raL-AtsyaL. 304 Uta-.-'r.