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IEPITBLTO, SATURDAY EVESLSG. LYY 7. 1SS7.
m . : . ?"saKSSSrfss3a8
"0. . Ata. .iV fe, - T'- . - ,-i --i I . 'A., 1r5w
NfV2 JMr " "
THE MITCHELL ESTATE.
SOMETHING ABOUT THE MONEY
THE MILLIONAIRE LEFT.
r. . .u tfltl II- '.....! ... 11 !.....
from Tufhr to 1'Hlrfii Million, Irtl
ably The mmi ami Wiiltiw of tbr Ie
c -! Millionaire.
MlLWArKEC May a. The lratli of Alex
uxler Mitrlwll, th JlilwauUe millionaire,
i rvmmtl llw richest man in the north
nftvt at vll as iht aMtM tinaiifier hihI rail
way orator in the Mitin mM. His whhUU
las been anouly ttimatetl, the litres
nging from iK,(Mi to 4,Umm). That
s a gre at !eM of money to have Nfii made
ij a man who neer rtvktxl a rail rami or
.peculated in mriollAr'- worth of prainoriro-it&lotL-,
ami, jf course, the estimates are a
treat deal too bib. It is really a f art that
Ur Mitchell never vcnlatetl in his life.
inJ tin maJe him a ouniouou-i man
n the financial world. His forjune
ill vobally amount to between $1,IUIV
KW ant ?l-"i,Ut,(t, and this large ac
cumulation was muilo in purely legitimate
ttirsuiu of business. He was promlof his
great luuik, and it made him piles of money.
The Increa! value of the real estate lie ac
cumulated 'when MilwauV.ee a a illap
liso bad a Rreat deal to do with the making
f his fortune. He was a large holder of the
Aock of the great St. 1'aui ruilua), hut it
wm simply as an
was not uirchawd
or held for pec
Mr. MitrlieU was
r. native of Aler
land, and would
have I n vii TO year
of age hat he Inetl
until next Octolier.
, He Came to Mtl-
waufce in 1 VII
with $IW in his
liocket When the
fact is onrddered
that hU fortune
was self made, and
JOHN U WtTlllKl.U
was the result of do attention to biwnes
uul to Mife and hhreud in est menu. Iris
nuver t-taiitU out as being nil the more re
markable. Mr. Mitchell lenesa widow and oim child,
ftonf John I. Mitchell, who is 40 Jeap- of
age. The win will inherit the greater iirtf
the ast estate and w ill succeed hU father in
many of the enterprises in which he was
largely intertteL The great tjcink willlw
rrorganireil at once, and the ki w ill lie made
president. John L. Mitrhell lives in a Itenu
tif ul mansion on the outskirts of the city. He
li a great horseman and lms a stable of fine
lock. He is a lover of tine pictures and at
the famous Seney tale of pictures in New
York purchased the gvm of the collection, for
which he paid l!tU Mr. Mitchell
has been married twice and has a
family of w;eral children. The widow,
Mrs. Alexander Mitchell, is a plain look
ing, elderl" lady, who presides over
the mansion of her late huslmntL She
has a mania for pictures, and one of the
finest collections of works of art and brie a
brae to lie found in the et is iu her private
art gallery. She is the footer mother of all
the local art organizations, and has pent
large sums of money in this direction. Mix ;
Mitchell owns a magnificent orange plautA-
tiou and villa in Florida, where he siwids i
k. !:.. ...-S.Sl.. ..! . I..,, .1,... -C I.A i
the winter months and wliere she was at the
time of the death of her busbamL The fam
ily home in this city is one of the tinest in the
nest, and has lieeu the scene of many notable
gatherings and entertainment.
It is a remarkable fact that Mr. Mitchell,
with all of his great business interests, never
employed a private secretary or stenographer.
Ills business was so thoroughly sj stematized
that be was enabled to jiersoually look after
everything, giving orders in a clear, concise
way, ami knowing at all times the exact
status of his varied interests. He wa like
the general of a well disciplined army, with
trusty sulwnlinates to oliey every order. His
capacity for business was very phenomenal
and his rigid rules adopted early iu his career
were .-rifonsAl to Lite verv lost. John Joint.
fnWrTF jlCWZh -i wax??
iton, a clear headed, far seeing, middle aged Sunday KtchIii Iu llmton.
man, a nephew of the Imnker. was his trusted T" SR'R lrea.lth of mmd and the tol
lieutenaut and confidential man. Nearlv all ' 'ranee of what was by Puritan prejudice
ordinary matters were left to Mr. Johnston thought without the itale of Christian reoog
to decide. It is the general belief that Mr. I nition is something for Hoston to iwnderover.
Johnston will come in for a Urge share of the Actors, even uctress.'s, are received in draw
estate, ami under the son will lie its general) ing rooms v here blue blood alone erstwhile
mana-er. paraded Its time honored boasts. It is strange
l.'ntil two years ago Mr. Mitchell kept i how gradually thedoor to tbesoeiety of elect
track of the minutest details of his business. Las lteen cjtened. First pushed gently by men
Then he was warned by his physiciaus that of letters, then a little wider by artists; next
Le must relinquish some or his cares or he 1 a ' creator "Iierture by musicians and
would break down. l"p to tliat time l.e was ; teii at last loldly swung tothe utmost limit
at his desk, n hen iu the cit v, at &: o'clock Ly elements of the drama. Shades of the
every working dav the year round. He re-j lllKrims' If some of them could arise from
tnained in bis office, with the exception of a I their graves ami gaze ujtou a Sunday even
brief respite afnoon, until 3:15 in the after- ingsymibony in Boston, gathered together
noon, when he entered his carriage for a short " f' harmony of good fellowship, they
ride. He jterscnally examined his heavy would timl dt-ssemlants of New England mer
niail and answered many of the letters. It is cautile nobility, the last fashionable Fjiglish
said that he could wnte the souudest nisi artist, the author of the novel of the year, a
most logical banking letter of anv man in the
wes-t. It was his UaiJr custom to ro through
the mail, attornl to letters that neejpd his
perfcoual attention, then turnover the bank-
nig letters to ilr.
Fcrjunon, h is
cashier, and Mr,
Johnston, uihI ival
estate and general
personal mail to
Gen. Holiart, his
personal clerL. He
luivriiilli ii it-isfl.f .1
what should be g?
done in mts.t ca-.
He was the re
cipient of a Urge
number of "beg
ging letters," and
they came from all
over the world from every state iu the
Union and from every couutry whert
the English language is spoken. There is a
very large class of cranks and scoundrels, as
well as really deserving men, who make a
tracUce of hounding rich people for assist
ance. The -lieggmg mail," us it wascalail,
was turned over to Lieu Holurt. No atten
tion was jiaid to these letters as a general
thing. Occasionally there vvei-en pi teals that
lequired or justified an acknowledgment,
ami Gen. Hooart responded to them after
consultation with Mr Mitchell.
Mr. Mitchell liegan to gradually give up
the details of his business about two years
ago. He gradually came to his office later,
left eailierand svnt more timeout of the
city. His mail was intrusted ulmost entirely
to bis sultordmates. During the past w inter,
for the first time in his life, John L. Mitchell
sat at Ins father's desk in his private office
and looked after the matters that required
iersoual attention. This was iu pursuance
of the arrangement made some months ago
that Mr. Mitchell should give vp his banking;
interests luecommg summer to ui. son anu
to Mr Johnston and Mr. Ferguson, witbi
John L. as president of the ltar.k.
Mr. Mitchell was charitable in a quiet and i
unostentatious way Every subscription,
fund, guarantee or n bat not requiring
financial aid was tint placed Leforo bur. H j
was expected to subscribe for eveiything i
from an exposition or saengerfest guarantee j
down to a church fair scheme or a new book. '
He Was fairly ltesieged with people on begging j
Uaissionsam! with the leal genuine beggars.
Iu late years Gen. Holvirt has Iteen the em- i
baukment tliat had to be scaled liefore a
beggar could reach Mr. Mitchell. If the
jerson or scheme was deserving of help the i
way to Mr. Mitchell's office was opened, i
Otherwise the applicant was informed by the
shrewd and diplomatic general that Mr.
Mitchell was engaged and could not lie seen.
The Sisters of Charity and hundreds of needy
people were regularly supplied with money
by Mr. Mitchell. It is said that he never
refused to aid a deserving person who applied
to him. His charitv was ltestowtsl so quietly
that but few instances were ever made nublic j
MRS. ALEX. MITCHELL.
a number ot years ago he directed txx
tuperintHndeut ot the public school to give
all children whose parent were unable to
buy them school books orders on a well
known Imok houe for the necessary looks,
and once or twice a year these orders were
cashed utrh tank It was expressly agreed
that o itubhc mention shouM le made of
Ui0desering act. It is said be did many
i Other f.HM iletl m the aaie quit't
; (; Yem
llaMlKstl M. 1 i and Their
I 1Mtal 'ivs.iaiHiilenee
S Xew YoiiJk, Mai J. "A leally callable
woman can make a gnat deal of muiey prac
ticing HM-ih'iti." saiu a ci lebrntetl doctor of
the male sti tle "lite da. Thinking over
that. I reMteo.iersl tlad evn lieiv in Xew
York, wherv wciian i not st independent
and gloritmsjy advanced acivatiuv as she is
in the west e en here women Ooetors ilour
ih, earning honor and gtld.
A class of ten was graduated it the annual ,
commenivmentof the New Yori Meilical Col
lege and Htispital for Women, r.t Asxvuttioa
liall, iu this city, the other night, and I was
there to see. Talk of fair women! Who
dares to say that intellectual or careering
womu aie plain by irtue of necessity I The
ten wbostooiluiKMiihe platform that even
ing and were transformed l'lto full fledged
ibictors of nuNlicine were all handsome Not
pretty, of course, for pretty women
never could have accomplished what
these ten splendid creatures did; lit mentally
strong, with faces that would make them
flatteringly market! women everywhere. All
but four were or had been married; but the
unmarried ones had gone as courageously
through the course as their older and more
experienced sisters. Novelists need write no
more lanok to proe that the careers of
women doctors are nipjHsl in their ltmpieucy
by marriage. Quite often it is the other '
way. Marriage brings neeLs which husliands ,
cannot alw aj"s supply. The w ife ca.sls about
for w tiat she can liest do to insure a financial
reward. Wise is that woman who becomes
master of a profession or a buMiM-sSi. The fe- t
(ll4li(T i'41 J "IV Hill I- lllit-'l' I -l J vi tuiiv.
The luinler lw ork tlm moiv luomr )
Ttw KmiliiaU of this cLisswere all from i
New York ami New Jery have two. One I
of these two is from Iona, the other a dark
eyed senoi ita from Brazil. They go forth to
cure, if not kill, heartily Indorsed by the
faculty of their alma mater. One professor
said they all deserved prizes they hal.stulied
like plultssophers. They wore pretty tlresses
This is the only medical college exclusively
for women iu the country, for aught I know
in the world. Its dean ami founder, Mrs.
Clemence S. Ijozier, M. 1)., sat nin the
platform and submitted areiioit. The hall
was tilled to overflowing with nil audience
that took the warmest interest in the proceed
ings. The tine, fair graduates and professors
-there are some, not inanv, Iwwbiskeml
professors were entertaining in their com- i
niencement iluties. Kev. A. II. Iewi made
a brief address, which was fo very Literal iu !
its sentiments toward woman that it has lieen I
talked of ever since. Henry Ward Beecher
spoke on the first commencement of this col-
lege. He toM lbm never to ask the public
if a woman might practice medicine. The j
best way was for the woman to go right on j
and do it That bint has I wen acted upon I
by the alumni of the Woman's college and
they are succeeding splendidly.
In some of the charitable institutions in
this city a woman tills the office of physician
iu charge, and as assistants they are more
f f,,' 1IiploTC(i ,niI are alto fr.
factory as men. Sometimes, however, even
a medical education fails to take the narrow
ness out of a woman. The superintendent of
a large charitable institution where women
are emplo3ed as rcsijent physicians told me
that they kicked up awful rows sometimes.
One fair M. I), would refuse to work with
another M. IX because she had beard things
aliout her, and all tliat despicable old busi
ness tliat sensible people abhor. But then
male doctors tight, too, sometimes over
things as petty as trash of that kind. "The
creature is not perfection," said a French
moralizer to me recently. 2o, be is not, and
the medicated creature is often further from
it than some others. L. C. 1).
I'letty belle of the seasons cotillions, the
-cleverest" woman, the learned jiastor of a
goodly Mock, among the pleasant coteries who
hive turned tlieawe inspiring Sabltuthof the
Puritans into a fete of praise and thanksgiv
ing. Boston Post
The ltrltl.lt I.l.in.ls.
The British islands contain in round
numliers 121,11X1 square miles and 57,0J0,
OUU jieople; but the British empire, if we in
clude feudatory state, covers one-eventh of
the land surface of the globe and contains
more than one-sixth of nutukind !MKX),(n)
square miles ami !7u,ut,l) people, it in
cludes aliout 4KJ islands and the mainlands of
Canada, Australia, India and South Africa.
This is the greatest jtolitii-al aggregation that
ever existed on this earth. The Itouiau em
pire, w Inch ranks next, at iU greatest had
not quite one-tif th the land or one-half the
number of tieople. Loudon, the capital and
commercial uieti-ojiolU of the whole, has
4,SUU,tAXl teop!e within its registration limits;
add the adjais?nt suburban towns and the
population of the metropolis is at least li.Out),
UU). At the bead of this colossal power is
the modest and quiet lady, Victoria Alexan
dria Uuelph, queen of Great Britait. and
Ireland and Empress of India.
nneu to tfe iarrltll.
In a small town out west an ex-county
judge is cashier of the bank.
"The cheek is all right, sir," he said to a
stranger, "hut the evidence you offer in
identifying yourself as the person to w hose
order it is drawn is scarcely sufficient"
"I've known j ou to bang a man on less evi
dence, judge," was the stranger's response.
"Quite likely," replied the ex-judge, "but
when it comes to letting go of cold cash we
have to be careful "New York Sun.
Not Intrinsically I'robabte.
He bad taken her to bear Pattl at t" a seat,
and afterwunl to Delmonieo's, where the two
together ate up fD.T. worth. As be reached
tor his hat later that same night, she said:
I am sorry. Mr Scniison, if my refusal
will cause you pam. I esteem you highly as
an escort, and in that c-aiia'-ilv I will always
be a sister to you, but y our w if e I cutinot kte. !
ou an too extravagant. New-oik Sun.
A llil loot.
Nellil was inviteil to s)eiid a long day with
sira. one came uoiue "iiuui an uour.
"Why. Nellie, why do you come back so
"Well, you see, Cora was real mean, and
and pretty soon lny foot went right out at
her, and they said I might come home." Ex
change. Kxtortlnc Money.
Leader (of little German Iiand) A few pen
nies, uuidame, for dot Hue music
Woman (at a window) Ain't got nothin
Leader ondiguaiAIy) atsdot! en j-ou
don'd give a f ew pennies se May some moie. J
A POOH QUAKER'S SOX.
JOHNS HOPKINS AND THE MONEY
WHICH HE LEFT.
Kirlied Mnuirrotatlmi or III, Wonder
ful l!niite Ciimeltillow He Marled
In I.He The I!uier.it Wlilcli Ho
rounded Mill It lie Moled l.i Clln.ili?
RaLTIUORi:, May i Ynii have all beanl
of JiJm Hopkins university. It is one of
the biggest olu.-ntijiml institutions in the
MorM,nihl it, name is knon eeryhere.
It is a university of the highest nnler, that
tliiiN in all the ivqilexities uml autujuities of
language nnd iignies which the average
man knows nothing nUiut, as well a the
usual featmvs of college work.
.And yet the man who left ViOil,Ul to
found this institution koew nothing of Ijitin
orUreek or higher matheniatios. The edu
cation of his life was the art of money get
ting ami money keeping. He was a oor
Quaker's son In nig in Anne Arundel county.
His uncle was a well to do merchant in Italti
more, and he Nvame a clerk iu this uncle's
store. It Iteennte ncivssary for the uncle to
make a trip to Ohio, liefore going ho took
the clerk aside nr.d said to him:
"I am going on this long journey, and thee
is liut a 3'outh. Now, I want thee to put aji
old head on ouug shoulders; and as thee ha?
ltsn faithful to my hit rests since thee has
Iteen with me, I am going toleaxe everything
iu thy hands. Here are check:, which I hae
signed my name to. there are upward of
tlvehundicd of them Thee will deposit the
money as is received, and as thee wants
moneythce will (ill up the checkswhich 1
leave with thee, ltuy the goods and do the
Lst thee can."
These injunctions wereso well carried out
that when the uncle retuniisl he found his
business largely increased and a large sum of
protits to his ctrdit iu the lank. Several
years afterwanl he started the young clerk iu
business for himself, giving him thetenetit
of hiscrcdit. The result was that Johns Hop-
t 1 1 -11
! k'n ,1"1. "l'.""1 '"'-""" frol" "'""'"rt "'
was enabled in a short time to buyout his
uncle. Alter that everything he touched
brought in money. Money uutking Iiecame 1
u mama with mm, and everything else uleil
iu importance liefore the almighty dollar.
He was stingy, close listed and jioorly lrvsseil
he nev er .lent a cent more than he could
help. Even when puss.-s.cd of millions hi
would affile for a Ijfilf hour tr-v-itu. tit f-ct h 111
per vvnt reduction on a llfty cent ihircbnw.
One .lay a friend of his asked him whys man
of his great wraith should haecle so over
such little sums.
Tuo pleasure of jsissessioii.sir, he replied;
4the pleasure of jsissesslons.'
Many stories am told of the parsimony of
this rich man. He liad a lieautlful country
place on the outskirts of the cit v, called -Clif-
i - ft - l" -!
'.- "h" " sos. v,,.u
this tree a tramp would frequently station
l,im.lf H i,.. .,.., ... ..i.... ,-.,..: ... ,i,
eyes of Mr Hopkins. He mentioned the fact
to his nephew. His nephew advised him to
. ,,,-m,.i.."...i - it...L-i.
heie would be a hundred vaga-
lionds here instead of one.1'
-Well, then, I'nele Johns." replied the
nephew, -if I wem jou I would kick him J
"I cannot do that I am afraid."
" Wliat, afraid of a cur like that!"
"No, no," Mr. Hopkins wbisiiered hoarsely.
"I am not afraid of him, but afraid of God.
Did you never read iu the Bible how Dives
Not long liefore his death Mr. Hopkins
called bis devoted gardener to bim and said
that lie was beginning to hate bis country
place liecause it did not bring in money.
Then turning suddenly to him he asknl: -IX)
you think a very rich man is happy t" The
gardener replied tliat it was a sad thing to 1
v ery ioor, but that he supjiosed that great
wealth also hari ita drawbacks. j
"You are right, my friend," responded Mr.
Hopkins; "next to the bell of being utterly
lieref t of money is the purgatory of possess
ing a vast amount of It I have a mission
and under its shadow I have accumulated
wealth, but not happiness."
The mission that ho here referred to was
known after his death. HU will contained
the most liberal benefactions ever made to
any cause iu this country. It was the gift of
S'JUii.UM for the founding of a university
uul a hospital about s3,500,(XO to each.
ILe lus-pital has been under course of erec
tion for nearly ten years. It covers two
large squares of ground and occupies one of
the must conspicuous sites in Baltimore. It
h the largest, most complete and intkt thor
oughly hygienic hospital in the world, and
wheu it is completed w hich will bo years
yet it w ill be one of the most interesting in
stitutions in the world to visit It is entirely
free, and there are buildings for colored
iieople as well as for w bite people. The laun
dry establishment alone is as handsome and
as commodious as many-hospitals with pro- .
The university has made Johns nopkins'
name better known because of its cosmoioli
tan character. The leading men of the n orld
in educational vvork have been connected
w ith it either as leet urers or teachers, or ttoth,
and its standing is v ery high in every way.
Johns Hopkins left the money for this insti
tution in the hands of a board of trustees.
His intention was to have the university lo
cated ou his country place Clifton; but after
hi. death the majority of the trustees, under '
authority of the legislature, acquired posses- '
tion of a square iu the central iart of the '
city and liegan to erect buildings. John W.
Garrett, the great president of the Baltimore
ami Ohio railroad, had beeu Mr. Hopkins'
most intimate friend ami was a member of ,
the ltoard of trustees. He fought the majority i
with a vigor that almost amounted to vim- !
leuce, and tried in vain to have the intention
of the univ eiity' founder carriwl out, but
the majority, with the general indorsement of
the jieople of Baltimore, persisted iu itseourse, '
ami to-day the university buildings cover
tarts of thiw squares near the center of the
city. When John W. Garrettdied, fouryears
ago, be vvas still as bitter in his opposition to
tills action as ever. He left a great deal of
money and his only daughter. Miss Mary
Garrett, u lady of estimable traits, who was
her father's most confidential friend, fell heir
I to a share of the fortune, her part lieing up
' proximately estimated at from $S,000,UHO to
j ?10,OOH,I. Now it has been found that the
university wants money, as its income is not
large enough to defray its extensivo ojiera
tions. Miss Garrett has conio forw aril with
1 a most tempting oiler. It is uu annual en
dowment that, capitalized, represents (1,0UU,
' (XX). Hut there is a proviso. This proviso is
i that the university shall lie removed to Clif-
ton, w here the fi under intended it should be, '
! and where Misss Garrett's father tried to have
i it built It is net proltable that this offer will
j Ite accepted, tempting as it is, since tho uni
l versify has much money invested iu huild
I ings in the city, but every one prai.es Miss
j Garrett's generosity and her loyalty to her
father s memory. Auam Andrews. '
sl.ii- for Tt rtllldni; lurpises.
new indiistir is lmg established In
South Staffordshire, England, in connection
withthesttsl tnide. A complete plant has
just lieeii laid down at the woiks of the Staf
fnrdhiie Steel ami Input Iron (sampaiiy,
llilston, for the griuging of liasic slag for ag
ricultund punioses. A slag house, I4) fett
long bj- M feet, has lieeu built for the accom
modation of grinding machinery. The pro-
ct - ss is dvidwl into three sta-s. Tlie last
.completely pulverizes the slag, makinc it of
such a lineness that it will joss through
mesh of 10,(HU tides to the square inch. The
slag, lieing composed of 40 ieroeiit.of lime
and from 10 to 'ii jier cent of phosptiono '
acid, is lieconiiug increasingly appreciated as '
an agricultural fertilizer. Chicago Times.
Slu.t Not Wheel HI. Own Ital.y.
May a clergyman wheel his own baby ilia
Irainbulatorl One would suppose that he
mVjht, but not so think the people of
EdinLurg. A clergmuu theie was sui
carrying Ills Natiy nis liomnnl cougit-Ka-tion
presented him with a ivniiiiliuUtor. but
his last state was worst than the first, for he
n heeled this vehicle along the streets w ith his
Kiby in it This insult to the genteel suscepti
bilities of hismngicgation was too much, and
he received a letter isilitely informing him
that while his abilities gave satisfaction his
pastoral services would no longer bo required.
LIFE IN JAPAN.
How the IVople Live, Work and AmiM
ISecil (inesiotit'ni-e 1
New Youk. May 2 Jnitan is is interest
ing to Americans as any country iu the
world, anil lias Uvu ever since, the days
of Commodore Perry and his eieilition.
In a surprisingly short time we have
lecome almost as well acipiaiuteil with the
island empire as we are with other nations on
our own continent, and the geneial testimony
is that there is much that is agreeably in
Japanese life. The tsple areclnvrful, social
and very Ingenious, the embroidery made by
them is rarelv equaled iu any other country,
and in all the nits which require deft mani
pulation of the lingers and eyes trained to
nice distinctions of foim and color they lead
the world Hut the management of
heavy machinery is not much iu their
line. Yet the empire now has over
HM miles of railroad and .",IH miles of tele
graph, with good
hanks, u good code
and a judicial sys
tem which main
tains good order
f&swiin n lair suare
irof lilwity To all
-? this the mikado
has promised to
add in ls'.nj a con
for a complete le
ernment. The mi
kado, who is but
;U ears old, and
who came iuto
pinerou the wave of revolution which
troyed the loi-al rule of the daimios, iu lsiJT.
"7U, has etTivti-1 many valuable lefoims and
isengageil in others. He found .Iiqiaii under
a feudal system, each chief liemg atisolttte in
his own domain and over half a million men
ready for war; he overthrew the daimios.
' ' l'e,:oveniinent iioentralize.1 but lilral
! """nan-ny ami cliangvsl Jaiwu Irom ava.st
military eiiiiiiiipment ton region of industry
and touce. He made men freeholders in per
petual teuuie of their lands, modeling hL
laws after those of England ami the Unitec!
The history of Javin as connected with
western nations began iu InVI. For overiAl
years the islands liad liven completely closej
I Kamt loreigners. lommouore ferry made
' h "ote.1 entrance into the. harbor of oko
. "m "'"' a l'"f ' L'nite.1 States ve
soIs- a'"' " ''"i0""""" lT"n "hi'h ende-i m
' treaty, datetl March ol, 1S54, between
I Jpan and the I 'nite.1 States. Since
Since that date
' JI,a''' l'Kress has leu remarkable.
juivj. was iceu too nus-wuu ine tniiwua
war to interfere, but Ki-ance and England
Boon enforced their righu to trade. About
1STS Hon. John A. Ilinham contracted a far
more luVral treaty letween the United
States and Jnuau. but it cnutalned a clause
that it should not take effect till similar trea
ties were concluded with Kuro;iean f jowen.
That ha not been done, and so the Bingham
treaty remains inclTective.
Thf. home life of the Japanese is simple, but
apparently feasant. Japan is jMken of as th
lanf. where old folks play They have many
cujious f ports, and Japanese wre&tlers, jug
gWrs and acrobits are noted the world over.
J. favorite sedentary game is called go-
nd a contest therein it represented in
the encravins. It is not unlike our children"!
game of the same name. In viklting they art
quite ceremoniou, but their home life is un-,
conventional to an extreme. Imperially dc !
the children enjoy gnat I reedoin ; their drea -
usuiKviior action, ana cnuanie is almost a
continuous sport iu the open uir. A Japanese
girl of the middle class has her hair dressed
once a weel and arranged accordins to het
nge. She begins the day with a bath nil
classes bathe ot least onco a day then dons ',
two skirts and a light bodice, and over all
the dress. This last is more properly a
wrapper, reaching to the feet and with wide
flowing sleeves. White knitted socks ;
cover feet and ankles in cool weather, and
the sandal is dipjied on at the door when go- j
ing out. Neither this nor the man's heavier
boot or shoe is ever worn in the house, so the '
floor is kept scrupulously clean, and they sit
oa it instead of chairs, eating from tables
A SOCIAL CALL.
onlv six inches or a foot high. Eerytown
iu Jnpitii has a public hath, and iu cities there
is one to every two or three squares. There
lieu, women and children, in nature's cos
tame, take their plunge daily. Their food
consists of rice, fish and various vegetables.
The islands ha'e so many inlets from the
ocean and many mountain brooks, the
ocean itself bring n ithin easy reach of almost
eery section, that iish are abundant. An
engraving is given of a peasant fisherman.
Strange to say, less tlian oi.e-third of the
land of Japan is under
rest ii iu forest, tmsture, iiark, street or plav
grounil. lint the cultivation of the Ileitis is
... tt......t..l. ,1. . uaM. .... .'..1.1 ..; I
vr,.tj f.,r thnsA f,..r , .- ,-.,,J.
and the Ss,0Uli,IaiU xspje of the einiiire live
iu general comfort. Most of the land, of
course, is in '.he two large island-, but there
are inanv hundred small islands of some
alue. The total mea is HO.til.'I wpiaie miles,
from which the reenuol0 jter wnt of it
from a laud ;ni in IvCi was J.Vi,ti'iI,irj; the
expenditures were n little less, and the na
tional debt is $."io7.oPJ.17.'). The army num
bers CI,1!I1 men; the navy twenty-nine steam
vessels, nitu4,(dinen; the total inirtsin'SH
were i'.t.ItiS,im, and the exrts J;i!,'J:;"),TT.'i.
Wo must, therefore, jjilaco Japan among the
Uiijiortant and growing nations.
L. J. Parsons.
'Women ai-e ' greatsh hie .lei-eivers.'
said Jones, leaning up against the liar.
"Theresh-hic-no trusting 'em There-h
my wife. SUesaid hi.- the other day the
nextih time hie I got drunk she'd ;ih e
to mi. Ish I lean drunk ever sine. and shj
hie hasn't gone yet.'' New YoikSuiL
p7?!zy tyy. . I
v I ( III
J5U isms i
4 rr.it K Imlne of llrtrt Sum
SteeMl Oorre i o adduce )
Annapolis. Mn ', There wa one fea
ture of the late IimL I)anriihner't life
which the biographical ketches of him have
not impiessed as much as It deered. Thai
was hU uniform g1nttt of heart, hi un
varying kindliness, nf loanntr. At the Naval
academy, in A unapohs, and in fact all through
the little city where he was l-t known, he
ft as respected and esteemed a fewineiieier
re. in thU woild nf general faultfinding. Ail
the cadets Ked the lieutenant, and the
tributes that they have paid to his manliness
Hittt woith since he
til til that fatal shot
which ended hNlife
would llll a very
large look. He
wasa square man
said one of them,
and his estimate
was reieatKl many
time. Hut the ca
det, howeer g(xl
at heart, generally
w a fellow who
chasteneth t li o se
whom he loves, and
er's popularity wu
the ery cause that
led to several
LIEIT OsNKXHOWF.lt. plajed dOii him.
The unfortunate blindness, that ter
rible reminiscence which he brought fioni
the Arctic seas, was generally de tended
ujkii by tne cadets to insure the success of the
"olis. One night, with great laUraud tlitH
ulty, they hauled two small cannon on the
ground oertothe spot where "Danny," as
they called him. wmiM stand during the morn
ing parade, expecting him to stumble over
them and afford U the spectators the sight of
n sujienor otllcer turning a somersault.
Kverything went on ull right until the par
ade was formed. No otlicvr had eell the -uii-noii,
and eipectation of a tumble ran high.
Hut, mimhile dietu, just as "Danny " hould
have turned that somersault he en I led out the
name of every blcsed cadet engage! in the
job ami sang out:
"Haul those guns liack where they lielong!
They did it, while a quiet snicker ran down
the line. How in the world Danny1 had
found them out thv never could learn.
But the next uttempt of the cadets to play
a trick on their friend was a success. Danen
bower had a ivm.ti kably tender heart. He
was as full of syuqvithy as a saint. The
wicked cadets rigged up a dummy in full uni
form. They waited until Danenhoner was
passing along the corridor, when, with a loud
sen vim, tley launched the dummy over a
fourth story tialustrade. Dauenhower was
speechless for a minute, but Tie recovered him
self and ran as hard as he could to the hos
pital for help. Kour sailors came, and, after
the maimer of the blue jackets, they put the ;
supposed corjse on the stretcher without ask
ing questions and trundled it on to the hos
pital. The general effect of the joka is better
Imagined than described.
Ioor Danenhoner He deservetl a better
fate. Mav he sleep in ieace.
W. A. Wilson.
JUDGE WILLIAM J. ALLEN
Appointetl for Southern llliiiid in P1m-
of Jmlge Treat. Deceased. i
(Special Corresn.1m, )
Springfield, Ills., May .". William J.
Allen, lately appointed lTmted States
I judge of the southern district of Illinois, is
Iwt-t known here, ierhaps, as Josh" Allen,
has been long and favorably known as a gocKl
lawyer, somewhat prominent iu plitics and
an old friend of John A. Logan. He it was
who was elected to
, district in congress
, when the latter re
signed his seat in
lMil. Thirty y ears
ago these two w ere
law ttrtnera at
cially they were
the best of friends;
bad many things
in common. But
the great civil
all this. Mr. Allen
'was a "peace
JL'IMJE WJI. J, ALLE.X.
th fact that Logan voice icu "still for
mt" has lwn amply shown. Later on tho two
gentlemen became reconciled, and one of tho
last letters written by Gen. Logan. jut prior
to his death was one sent by hitn to Mr.
Allen. as.urinn him iu the event of hi noinl-
nation to the southern Illinois iiulffeshin. that
he would support and hasten his continuation
by every means in his power,
Judge Allen was born iu Tennessee in ISiS,
and therefore will hat e only eleven years to
serve before he can be retired on full pay.
In ISM he was elecl-ed to the Illinois legis
lature, and in the following year as appoint
ed United States district attorney for
Illinois by President Pierce. He re
signed In lbtiO, when he Has elected
a circuit judge of the state court. Ha
was elected to the Thirty-eighth con
gress. Judge Allen
is a Cle eland man.
and in the conven
tion of 1NH voted
for the present
"tirst, last and all
Judge Samuel 11.
Treat, Mr. Allen's
died over a mouth
ago, was. with one
exception, the old-
I THE LATK JUDGE THKAT. est judge Oil the
United States bench. The exception is Judge
Hoffman, of California, who nas apKinted
in the same year with Judge Treat and still
survives. He as T5 veors old at the time of
his death, and had passed thirty-tno years of
his life on the tiencb of the United States
circuit court. Although I hey differed in
politics, he was an intimate friend of Abra
ham Lincoln. He had no children.
tlreary Winter In Sitka.
Almord the steamer George V. Elder.
nhich armfl from the far north recently, '
was II. V lon les, a prominent mining man,
who for two years past had been !iing at
Sitka. "-There is more rain at Sitka," said i
Mr. Cowles the other day to a rejKjrter, than
any place el-e ill the w orld outside the tropics.
It, however, doesn t get so very cold there.
The lowest the thermometer reached this
season was zero. Snow fell to a depth of
about tw-o feet. We had nu oil famine up
there this winter and the nights wereso fear
fully long that it was very dreary, I can tell
you. No lights, nothing to do but sit around in
i,ilir r.,wA n ninntli nml u, nrvtliitir Int. .u
on that Ir you neglect to order everything
vou neeil you're a goner. No help "for it.
You must wait lor tho next one. Sitka has
about 140 Americans as a jiopuLttion, 7)
Hussians and 1.W0 native Alaska Indians of
the Sitka ttite.' Uan Jancisca Examiuer.
A Fair Valuation.
Lawyer (to client! You want to sue Rob
inson lor $.V0 for libel, j ou say
Client Yes; he has blasted my character
Lawyer You think JjOO the proper i
I s, !
Client ell, make it f. i only waul
v. hat's light. Hariier's Bazar.
Fiiuml In a Medicine Chest.
Oh. I come w iih the roses mid summer caloric.
With scents from the woodland and senrraad
1 bring w ith me ialn killer, pills, paregoric,
Turkish rhubarb, quinine and the anemone;
I robe e 'ry salley and meadow in beautr.
With remedies herby and medicines rooty,
vTuateter our trouble 1'se soincthiuff to suit ye
For 1 ant the summer time carol with me.
Is receiving the choicest and most select
ed stock of
I1LmA.IN AIsTX '-A.IsTCJS'
Dress and Business Suits
That are well made, neat and nobby, and
they will be sold as low as the lowest,
taking the make and material into con
sideration. All styles of
U 1UL IlLn I
All the leading styles in Neckwear, Cel
luloid Collars and Handkerchiefs.'
J. M. Hxiote,
nffla s p-,
J mSNkJ"7, TN
I iira -s - M . i y s, )
MvT J& mM'
&&&s ,S' A
BsiiBB IK' MSSTLLmI r"
A HANDSOME WEDDING, BIRTHDAY OR HOLIDAY PRESENT.
All flimbhed With th
at our Wholal Price.
THE LUBURG MANF'C CO..
TV I : 1 1 1 SJt.
S 100.00 KEVARD
What is it 2
for tfe correct
Gas and Steam Fitters
Steam Fitters' Supplies, &c
til! South Limstfino St.
WILLIS & N
THE WONDERFUL All IU
Ubrmry, Kroofcliur, Recllntna; or Invalid
CIIAIK, IAJUSfJK, IlKll, ur Ot Cit.
TfM iiy fith u,d up. semi stamp I -sillIPPED to all
J. I fl J4 ,fjf for fatmloKnc. isarts of the world.
AnloniKllr rakAj-h ttrak. an.l R.tkllel
Sfn.l-tarap fur CalaU'uo and me utiuQ cvrUirtA.
145 N. 8th St., Phllada.. Pa.
i r .-,:?
iQP'J'JtrtvVJ'-. - j -7 r.rje.v"f?jE&- 5kSST -
:-.- , .."