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N UEPTJBLTO, SATURDAY EVENING KAY 26 1888.
11 " 'r,g'l i '" ' wsaias Mi ---- .larr" asTirn r- -r t - mjhih .i . -11 nr fii in r iirar rr nrunr-rrc nrri ini"-ii -i 1-- versi5:j-j-;?- -. '.tb-1
Here, on thin gloha, will I retrench my soul:
Hot iiy ami. uptbroirn earth, nor In Kme tomb
OI I'mrV fains building, nor in pitted gloom,
BeiN-l n the live od burrowing, like a mole;
Hut taugnt in patience By each grassy knoll
Wok-h oiltlielj tra the girt of Hummer' bloom
And iweint in cUeuce winter's blighting doom
So shall my purpoHe hold, through Joy or dole.
Here let the lulled air sleep or come the rage
or utter uaiJ, hurled from the storm vexed
Here will I grapple wtth each foe, and wage
Fan tight ou upen ground, and being .lain
l)nvattiUhed from the havoc Uttered plain,
Vaiia. through Deal a portal, shall my oul co
Mouert Burns Wilson. In Tunes-Democrat.
Tara's early homo was in a little village
near tbo great city of Hyderabad, ia the
uizam'H jloniinions. iter peoplo wcro
,i'elugii;5f tbe cultivator caste, and her
earliest recoUoction was of the tinkling
bells on the necks of the flocks. She used
to ho awake at night listening to their
music, and wondering whether they, too,
came from the distant stars like herself,
for her mother had told the little girl that
abe had come to them from the brightest
alar that was visiblo through the chinks
of the cottage wait
ller brothers were named for the things
oi me eanu to wuicn tney belonged, bat
she, tho youngest and dearest, was -named
for the shining place from whence she
came lara, a star.
The bright eyed, gentle Tara often pon
dered these things In her mind as tho
days went by. and seed time and harvest
followed each other. She dimly remem
bered a great ceremony in which she had
had a part, bnt who the other actors
were and what it all meant bhe did not
When she was 7 years old she ques
tioned the Rat.- her mother, one day about
the ring which pierced her little nose.
"Why did she wear a ring while Soondra,
a neighbor's child of her own age, woro
none? Was it because she came from the
Then the Bai explained that it was tho
sign of marriage. The ceremony which"
she dimly remembered was the wedding.
She was married to Lain, who was now
far away in his own home. "Did she not
remember standing on one side of a red
screen, while Lola stood on the other side
and the family friends threw rico over
tbemt And when the screen was re
moved, and they stood face to face, the
priest of the templo tied their clothing
together, and they fed each other "with
sugar, and were declared married."
"Ah!" said the Bal. "the marriage pro
cession was the grandest ever known in
our village. Lalu rode a white horse,
which was entirely covered with gold and
silver spaugles and bells, while Lain him
self was almost hidden by garlands of
Then the lontr line of carts and nalon-
quins, filled with children; and behind
them the women laden with flowers, and
the mqn bearing torches; while tho
musicians followed, beating the tomtoms,
and singing the marriage chant.
"Did Tara remember none of this?
"Well, it liad taken place when she was
8 years old. and they had then given her
the nose ring the sign of a wife and
Lalu had gone back to his own village in
Baroda. 800 miles away, to await the time
when this little bride should be old
enough to come to him."
Then the Ilai charged the child that she
should gu every day to the temple and
make offerings of flowers and fruit to
Momba. and pour melted butter over him.
and beseech 1dm not to allow her to be
come that vile thing, a widow. If the
husband, whom she did not remember
having seen, should die, she would bo
counted as the gnHty cause of his death'
.cud would be treated as such.
The little wife followed her mothor's In
junctions religiously. She searched tho
'iielus for the fairest and choicest flowers,
.and carefully tended and watered her
tulsi bush, so that the god should have
'.its most fragrant blossoms: and sho poured
duelled butter over his grinning face until
.it trickled down and lay in little pools
.upon the stone floor of the temple; and
.this was her petition: "Shri Moroba, bo
.pleased to havo compassion upon poor lit
.tle Tara, and do not let her become a
widow. Spare tho life of her farofi Lain,
;and permit him to become the father of
She learned to grind the grain and bake
the chapattics. so that she might please,
-the Sassu. her mother-in-law, when sho
iSbould bo taken to her house in far away
Iiow Tara shuddered when sho thought
of the Sassu. and of the time, not far dis
tant now, when she must leave tho gcntlo
Bai, her mother, and become the slave of
the mother-in-law, in whose presence she
might not speak without permission!
At the village well, whither she went
morning and evening with her water jar
deftly poised on her head, she questioned
the other girls of her own age as to tho
time when they were to go to their Sas
sus' houses, and whether they wcro not
looking forward to the time with fear and
And so the time went by. She sang her
little song as sho turned the millstone to
grind the grain, and rolled the spicy curry
which always garnished the rico at their
ovtuing meal. Tho flocks were herded at
dlght. and their bells still made music to
Tara's ears in tho low roofed cottage
-where she slept. Tho seasons came and
-went until Tara was 11 years old, when
Ihuuji. her father, announced that the
littlo wife must now bo taken to her hus
iicihaji. her eldest brother, was to go
with her, and on a fine morning, just at
-the close of the long rains, they started
-en their journev across the country, car
rying Tara's silken bridal robes and oma
,mcnts and the little dowry of money
which had been saved for her.
Just as they left the cottage door, the
'braying of a donkey was heard from a
field away at their right. This was a good
omen, and gave them a hope that they
might proceed on their journey in safety.
If the braying had been heard on their
left, they must have returned to the
house and awaited a more auspicious day.
As they descended the winding path
leading to the public road they watched
carefolly lest, perchance a lizard should
cross their track, and they still bo obliged
to turn back. But no lizard appearing,
they "went cheerily on their way, which
lay through the heart of the great city.
The streets were full of fierce looking
bearded men armed to the teeth, and little
Tara citing closely to her brother as tbey
slowly weuded their way through the
They passed ntimberless mosques, where
the followersof the Prophet could be seen
prostrating themselves on their prayet
rugs, with their faces devoutly turned tc
wardilecca, while from the many pointed
minarets the muezzin's call, "Allah Uli
Allah!" rose abovo the uproar of the
(jilt bupangled elephants tramped jruv
jestlcally along, their bowdahs filled with
the high born ladies or the realm, whose
laughing voices reached the ears of the
TWO birmJKcra 3 "-"J ,v., ,. -j
through the moving throng, and anon the
sparkle ol aiamonos iiasueu uuh u uu
placed by tl.o swaying motion of the ele-
n- ..: ..n.aMn tha eiv fmtli inn
X-US.MIIK liui.iiu -w j (, -.
-travelers quickened their pace, and were
soon in the open country, wucm merowiia
At nightfall on the tenth day of their
journey they entered a little village In
'rr.i.. niiom HrnH JnlrRTn. a friend
of Limbaji's. They halted at tho door of
this friend's house, and asked If they
might enter and rest their weiried limbs.
Jairam and his wife greeted them with
true eastern hospitality, begg'ng them to
shako off tho dut of travL and eat of
their salt. They said!- '"ite Rouse and an
we have is yours. Cbme In and partake
of your own. while wo bring water for
your feet: and tarry with us, we pray you,
until you aro quite rested from your long
So the brother- and sister consented to
stay a week withtheso good friends, when
they would start again on their journey
Three or four days after this a messen
ger came in great haste from Hyderabad,
saying that Itanijl had died suddenly, and
Limbajl must return at onco to perform
tho funeral ceremonies.
Then arose the question, "What shonld
bo done with Tara meanwhile?" Limbajl
could uot take her back, as ho must make
all possible speed. He would be obliged
to feed tho crows for a certain number of
days, until he could be sure whether his
father's spirit had entered a crow; and ho
must mako several feasts for tho Brah
mins and distribute aims among the poor
of tho village. All this would require so
much time, it would be fully three weeks
before ho could continue the journey with
Finally it was decided that ho leave
Tara with his friends, and return as soon
as tho customs of his caste would permit.
So he sped away on the messenger's
swift horse, satisfied that he had made
the best arrangement for the little wifo.
Tho following week Jairam, who was
in the employ of one of the Rattlawar
chiefs, was ordered to a distant part of
the province. Then a very serious ques
tion presented Itself, for Jairam -must
tako his family with him "What could
they do with Tara?" They could not take
her along, and they dared not leave her
While they satin the doorway discuss
ing tho matter in very loud tones, two
strango women came along, and. hearing
tho loud voices, they stopped and Inquired
what was the matter. Jairam said:
"Here wo havo this girl on our hands, and
wo know not what, to do with her. Her
brother was taking her to her Husband in
Baroda -when he was called back to Hy
derabad by tho death of his father. We
promised to keep her safely until his re
turn, but we are ordered away and there
Is no ono t look after the child."
Tho women said: 'Why we aro on our
way to Hyderabad now, and your best
plan' will be to put her In our charge, and
we will take her back to her brother;
then, after the funeral ceremonies are
over, he can start again with Tara."
The Umplo minded Jairam thought this
a very good solution to the problem, and
at onco gave the girl into their keeping,
with tho silken garments, jewelry ad
The women led her along quietly until
they canio to a wild, desolate part of the
country, when they tore off her garments,
seized her bridal robes, jewelry and
money, and tving her hands and feet, pre
pared to kill her.- -Tara had no susDidon
of their honesty until they commenced
tying her. when bhe screamed Justily.
Fortunately a cartman was nassimr on
th other siuo of the hedge", who rushed
to her rescue, and reported the women to
the district "police. They were arrested
and brought before the English magis
trate, who V'as mnVlnjr his annnal tour in
vthat neighborhood; Tara's property was
recovered, aatf the women were sent to
Then Tara was left on the magistrate's
hands, and ho placed her under the care of
his butler's wifo, expecting that her friends
would claim her as soon as he could com
municate with them. But just at 'this
time, the. magistrate was transferred to
tho Ahmedporo district, which lies 100
miles nearer Hyderabad.
A district magistrate lives In his tents,
and moves through the district with much
tent furniture and a large retinue of ser
vants and camp followers; so with the
butler's family went littlo Tara. As soon
as they reached tho city the magistrate
Inquircu fcr a place of refuge where the
girl could remain until her friends shonld
claim her. Ho was told that a "Mme.
Sahib" had a school where girls of Tara's
ago wcro cared for, and to tho "Sahib's"
bungalow tho magistrate hurried at once.
The "Mme. Sahib" 'was very willing to
receive Tarajnto her school, but thought
it would nof bo'well for her to enter the
boarding department, as that would de
stroy tho child's caste and make much
trouble for her after her return to her
So a-Tclugu woman of Tara's own caste
was found, who promised .to feed and
otherwise care 'for her. andshe entered
the school as a dayscholarl
And now began a new life for Tara.
Until she was brought before the magis
trate, a few days before, she had never
even seen a white person. Now she was
wakened each morning by tho bugle call,
and she saw troops of Highlanders and
other uniformed soldiers marching In and
around the grand old fort, with colors fly
ing and bagpipes playing.
Sho was now in a large, bustling city,
and there was nothing to remind ncr of
her old homo except tbo tinkling of tho
bells as the herds were driven outside the
gates in the morning and brought back at
She had never, thought of learning to
read. None of her family or neighbors
could read or write,-and there had never
been any necessity for such accomplish
ments. When one of 'them wished to send a
letter, ho cal'od In the village scribe to
write it forhim. and also to read the an
swer when it came, "Why should they
learn to read? Their fathers and grand
fathers before them had never learned,
and tho ways of their fathers were good
enough for them-
Now here was Tara learning to read,
and write, and sing, and embroider. It
was' delightful for ner- Infinitely better
than the Sassu's house, where she would
bo obliged to work so hard.
Tho magistrate and Lessib Sahib wrote
to Hyderabad'and Baroda, but no answer
came, littlo Tara could give no direc
tions for writing. She only knew that
her brother's name was Limbajl. son of
KamjL but there were many Limbaiis and
Ramjis In Hyderabad, and the letters
never reached the Lambaji for whom they
were intended. Her husband's name was
Lalu, and he lived in Baroda, but more
she could not tell, and Lalu received no
letter. So Tara remained In the school.
and as she was, diligent and stulous, she.
made good progress in her stnies.
Years passed, with no tidings from Hy
derabad or Baroda. and the time bad come
when Tara's class, was. to graduate from,
the school. It was a great day for those
young girls. The haU was crowded with
the 'native gentry of the city, for it was
stiH a novel sight to see girls reading and
A- few years before they had Bald,
"When you can teach a donkey to read
then you may try to teach our daughters."
And here were a hundred girls who could
read and write and sing and embroider!
It was all very wonderful, and they came
out in full force to see with their eyes and
hear with their ears. And the European
officers from the camp, with their wives
and daughters, came also.
As it happened, a natite chief was just
then spending a little time in tbo city.
He had been on a pilgrimago to tho holy
city of Benares, and was on his way back
to his province in the South Marathi
country. Hearing that all the best people
would do at the school, he loo came-to see
what it was like. He was Immensely
pleased with the exercises, and could
scarcely find words to express hit appre
ciation. The girls were arrayed in thtlr most
dazzling garments and jewelry, but Tara
outshone all the rest, for her wedding
robes and jewelry had been kept for this
very occasion, and very pretty she looked,
so the young chief thought, and as soon
as the exercises were over he came for
ward and asked if he might make the
bright eyed girl's acquaintance. He was
shyly greeted by the young girl, and It
was noticed that they, soent -flwkmff time
in conversation with eacft oflior. "
The next duy the chief made a formal
application to-the Saliib for Tara's hand,
and great was his dismay when he learned
that she had been married in infancy. Ho
ruled a largedistrict.andoccupledttgrand
palace, and was in receipt of a good reve
nue from his subjects. Ho had long been
looking for a" wife who could grace his
stately home, but until this time he hud
seen no one who suited him. Tara was
lovely and accomplished, and sho could
direct his large retinue of servants with
becoming dignity; yet because she had
been married a dozen years before to an
obscure lad whom shu could not remember,
he was to bo. forever debarred from wooing
her.. Hindoo law is liko the laws of the
Modes and Persians, and the marriage of
an Infant Is binding for life, unless the
husband chooses to turn her out and
Tho Sahib tried to comfort tho chief
with tho hope that Tara might already bo
a widow and free to marry him. Nothing
had been heard from Lalu for' fivo years,
and they set themselves to devise a plan
for discovering whether he still lived.
They decided to send a proclamation
Into every village in Kattiawar, calling
upon Jairam to come forward. Though
him they hoped -to find Tara's brother,
and then news of her husband. Accord
ingly, a printed circular was sent to the
head man of every village, and in a few
days Jairam was found. Then Limbajl,
the brother, was communicated with, and
ho soon came, declaring his , intention to
take Tara to her husband's house at onco.
Tho. poor girl begged him to spare her.
Sho had been happy all theso years, and
did not wish to go to the stranger whom
she could not remember. But Limbajl
was inexorable. It was a disgrace to the
family that sho had been kept from her
husband so long, and every day she re
mained only added to the disgrace. So
the was torn from hercfriends at Ahmed
bore, and again they started on their jour
tey to Baroda,
When they reached Lalu's house they
learned that he was in the Maharajah s
army.- and was then fighting a rebellions
hill tribe., "Ho bad taken another wife,
who was then living with the Sassu
whom Tara so" much dreaded in her child
And now commenced a hard life for tho,
poorgirL The, Sassu and' the other wife
were unsparing in their abuse of her. She
bad disgraced the family, and had broken
her caste, and they cried out. "Unclean!
unclean!" whenever she approached them.
They tossed her food to her liko a bone
to a dog, as sho crouched in the darkest
and dampest comer of the house. She
was compelled to do all the household
drudgery grind tho gram and pound out
the rice and carry the water. Tho few
books she had brought from Ahmedpore
were torn In pieces and scattered to the
four winds, while her knitting and em
broidery materials were cremated before
her eyes. Her only comfort was an occa
sional salaam from the Telugu who had
cared for her in Ahmedpore. Tho chief
had sent tlds woman to Baroda to give
Tara aid and comfort as often as opportu
nity offered. But tho opportunities were
few. for Tara was sedulously watched by
Sassu, lest sho shonld mako her escape.
Sometimes the woman disguised herself
as a bangle seller, and succeeded In se
cretly conveying food to the poor girl,
who was made to fast until she was al
most starved. Sho shed bitter tears over
the life she had left behind, and thought
regretfully of tho grand home which tho
chief had offered her 'in the far away
Why had sho been married In infancy?
Why should she not havo a voice in the
matter of her life's. companion? She asked
horself these questions numberless times,
but no answer came. She had been bom
a Hindoo, and sho must submit to Hindoo
Time passed drearily enough, until one
day word came that Lalu had been slain
in battle. Then the house was filled with
wailing. The mother beat her breast and
clutched her hair, declaring that vile,
;K)lluted Tara was tho guilty cause of all
this. Sho was thrust into the street, and
told never to darken their doors again.
Now was the Telugu woman's opportu
nity, and she camo to Tara's rescue, as
tho cartman had done years before.
At early dawn" tbey were on their way
to Ahmedpore. There was no traveling
across the country on foot now; but with
tho swiftest speed of the iron horsd; and
In twenty-four hours Tara was in the
midst of her friends in Ahmedporo again,
and the news was flashed to the young
chief in bis southern home.
In a few weeks there was a grand wed
ding In Ahmedpore the grandest since
tho time of the old Mohammedan kings.
1he bride was lovely in her white silken
robes and diamonds, and the chief was
handsome in his full durbar costume,
with his jewel hilted sword at his side.
His garmenVs were embroidered with seed
pearls, and the diamonds composing the
aigrette of his turban' would have bought
up a hundred villages like the ono in which
Tara had in childhood listened to tho tink
ling bells of the flocks as she lay under tho
cottage" roof and thought of the distant
stars from whence she came. Sarah F.
Norris in Harper's Bazar.
...e dime Klin Club,
When the meeting had opened in due and
ancient form Brother Gardner looked up and
down the aisles and said:
"Dar1 ar many strange things about dis
yere thing called human natur. Pay a bar
ber double price fur a shave today an fo'
weeks hence he will hev da cheek to ask fur a
"if I lend Pickles Smith a dollar an' he kin
conveniently pay it back be ai grateful. If
he wants to use dat dollar fur sunthin' else be
looks upon me as an oppressor. -
"Chip in an' feed and clothe a poor family
outer charity an' dey at once jump to de con
clushun dat de world owes em a libin.
"A citizen wid a thousand dollars In his
pocket wont walk two squares widout hevin'
his boots blacked.-A citizen wid a $10,000
bouse will keep an ole picket fence'tandin
in front of It year arter year as an ornament.
"You'll find de chap who wants sunthin'
to keep off de cold in Jinuary callin' fur sun
thin' to ward off do heat In July, an' de curus
part of it an" dat he calls fur de same sort of
"When a man has slandered or lied about
you, you kin an' do fergive him. Wheu you
bev slandered or lied about somebody else,
you wouldn't fergive 'em if dey cum" to yer
an bended knees.
"We argy dat it makes no difference to our
pocket what our naybur aims, but if we 1'arn
at his salary a greater danours, de least we
kin wish him ar three months' sickness.
"De bowlin' of my dbg neber disturbs me
in de slightest, but let ftiy naybur's cat utter
jue 'yeow' an' I'm right on eand in bed an'
flgbtin' mad." Detroit Free Press.
Credit In the West.
There are different kinds of pluck. They
don't always inspire the same respect and
confidence. , A man in Arizona sent up to a
firm in San Francisco for some goods. They
were to be furnished on credit, and he gave
a reference in town. The firm called upon
"Do you know this man in Arizona f
"Know h!mt Certainly; know him well"
"What kind of a man is her
"He's a splendid fellow; a good fellow."
"He's in business there, isn't heP
"Why, yes. He's an enterprising chap:
got lots of push and pluck."
"He's written to us."
"What does he want!"
"That's all right"
"Well, we'd like to know what kind of a
man be is."
"What kind of a man he Is! Grit! That's
what he is. He's the kind of a man who'd
put up (1,000 on a pair of deuces and never
"Thank you.' San Francisco Chronicle.
Chaperoning yonng girls to Europe is be
coming a profession.
mV YORK LETTER.
REMINISCENCES OF AN OLD TIME
Stephen Whitney, the rlrst Man to "Mix"
Liquors He Was Once a Ittval of-John
Jacob Astor and the Second '"Qlcheit
Man lu America,
New York, May "1. In 1835 the richest
man in America was Johi Jacob Astor, who
was estimated to be north at that time about
30,000,000. Neat to him in point of wealth
was Stephen Whitney, with a record of J10,
000,000. Today the iiamo erf the latter is
rarely mentioned save by the old merchants
w ho In a gossipy mood may chahee to recall
their youthful exjierienecs. ""
Whitney had been in the wholesale grocery
business and kept a stere not far from Front
street and Coenties slip in this city. In com
mon with others in tbo same' tine, ho dealt in
Imported liquors, and it was by his shrew d
ness in this trade that he lay the basis of his
handsome fortune. Our old citizens were in
the habit of drinking only Hlie very best,"
but then, as now, thero was a. large class con
tent to l sociable on hat they could get
cheaply and ask nonuestions. Whitney con
ceived tho idea and is said to have been the
first to put it to n practical test of mixing
bur native neutral spirits in equal urts with
the imported brandies, gins, ruins, etc., thus
making a kind of 'arf and 'nrf of which John
Bull had never dreamed. His method was to
hoist the casks of pure liquors to the second
story of his store and mix the contents se
cretly. At that time no flavorings were used
as is the case now, but inasmuch as the
American spirits ucre colorless, enough burnt
sugar was introduced to produce the natural
hue of the foreign article.
This process was continued until Mr.
Whitney had realized, it was currently be
lieved, a half a million of dollars before the
other dealers "got the bang of it" In tbo
course of time, however, lus clerks who had
done the pumping branched out and carried
on the business for themselves until the
amalgamating of neutral spirits with im
ported liquors became, as it is today, an open
secret to the entire trade, and very few deal
ers were deceived by it
It is only just to add that Mr. Whitney in
variably sold his concoctions for what they
really were, mixed liquors, tho article being
too cheap to warrant much "deception among
the better clashes, so that his customers were
not defrauded. He always gave them a pure
article when they preferred it The precise
method of his combination he retained as his
Personally he was a very reticent man,
although extremely refined. In dress hs
was a model of neatness, and in courtesy a
typo of a thorough bred gentleman. One of
his friends recalls tbefact to me, nftera half
a. century has ssed, that "he had a remark
ably small foot even for a man hose avoir
dupois was little more than a hundred and
ten or fifteen pounds."
Like Mr. Astor, Whitney early saw tho
advantage of owning real estate in New
York, and invested his rapidly and easily
earned money in lots and stores in the lower
part of tho city. He erected rows of build
ings on Front and other streets in that
neighborhood. Ho was an indefatigable
worker and ns close an economist as Russell
Sage is reputed to be now; so close and par
ticular, in fact, that for several years thero
was a tacit understanding among the grocers
that they would not hire his stores except in
the direst necessity. Many of the latter
would consequently remain unoccupied for a
long time. Nevertheless, his wealth con
tinued to increaso uetil he attained the posi
tion above described as tho second richest
man in America.
He retired from the grocery business some
where about 1832,'and it is believed built tbo
row of tall brick buildings fronting the
Bowling Green, now occupied chiefly as office
by steamship companies. They were consid
ered much the finest dwellings in New York,
especially tho ono in which he lived, situated
on the corner diagonally opposite the great
Washington building erected by Cyrus Field.
The front afforded n sweeping view of Broad
way as far as tho bend, while the side win
dows overlooked the Battery, New York bay
and the Narrows, with no intervening rail
way structure, to shut put the picture or. mar
the beautiful landscape.
Here ho lived, long after his wealthy neigh
bors hail emigrated to Park place, Murray,
Duano and Bond streets, and what was then
Upper Broadway, and finally died in the old
house. He attended church in the granite
edifice situated on the corner of Barclay and
L Lurch streets, now owned by the Roman
Catholics, and regularly every Sunday his
venerable egg shaped carnage, with its T ene
tian blinds and long flight of steps, micht be
seen waiting for him at the front door for
many years in the latter part of his life the
only ' carriage standing there, the richer
owners of other vehicles having betaken
themselves to the fashionable churches
J. Phillips Phccnix, a most estimable citi
zen and once mayor of New York, married a
daughter of Mr. Whitney, and resided in a
modest twenty-five foot front brick dwelling
only a few doors from the finer mansion of
his father-in-law. The descendants of Mr.
Whitney are generally in comfortablo cir
cumstances, living well and modestly.
none or tnem snowing ny their lives that
they specially worship money or those who
happen to possess overmuch of it The old
residence of Mr. Phcenix remains entirely
unchanged, but others in the some row have
been perverted to all sorts of business uses,
from the most dignified down to the retail
lager slop shop.
It is due to the memory of the old mer
chant to add that a mixture of domestio
neutral spirits and foreign brandy, as mad
by him, constituted a very harmless beverage
compared with the stuff that is manufac
tured nowadays and sold for the real
article. The best quality of neutral spirits,
according to the authorities on the subject, is
as'wholesome as any ether alcoholic liquor;
but inasmuch as under our internal revenue
laws it is subject to a tax of ninety cents per
gallon, or some 400 per cent more than its
cost of manufacture, drugs of the. most
hurtful kind are used as substitutes, and de
coctions are mode that not only intoxicate
the brain but in a short time undermine the
health of thoso who drink them. These are
tho vile stuffs that are dispensed in at least
three-quarters of the corner groceries and
even reputable establishments.
My informant In these matters, himself an
old merchant, claims that if the internal tax
upon" domestic liquors was about SO per cent
ad valorem, as upon most drugs, there would
be no inducement to substitute the latter for
the former, and those to whom alcoholic
stimulants are a necessity would be able to
procure a pure and wholesome native liquor
for very much less than is at present paid.
'. U. UK rO.NTAJHE.
There ore 23 crematories in Europ, of
which 10 have been built within the past
year. There have been COO incinerations in
Germany and 600 in Italy. There are 7
crematories in tho United States and 6 in
process of construction.
lAumrii Who Sell Newspnper.
The number of grown women who sell
newspapers on the streets is constantly
increasing and today thero aro eight of
them, between SO and SO years of age,
vending paters at the big bridge entrance
and the immediate neighborhood. Some
of them are assisted by little sons and
daughters, and one has a buxom girl of 17
or la. whose raven hair and ruddy cheeks
attract a great deal if not always respect
ful attention There Is not much chivalry
in the newsboys who do not hesitate to
mob a man or haze a boy who intrudes on
their posts: but they do not interfere with
these women, no matter bow many cut up
their business iSew Tor Mm
Over 1,000 tourists left New York for
Europe on Saturday.
.POISON FOUND IN CANDY.
simple Test That Can lie Applied by
'Any One Who Sutpect Ilia lieuler.
The board of health has not interfered
often with the manufacture of candy in New
York city, hough the fact that candy is very
frequently adulterated is well known, anC
there can be no doubt that occasional inter
ference would be wholesome. It frould be
doing injustice to many confectioners to say
.that the practice is almost universal, and yet
one Is tempted to say It, for the proportion
of adulterated confectionery that U sold is
very large compared with the pure. The
subject has not escaped notice, and Dr. Ed
son bos recently given some points of inter
otto every candy eater, and has described
some simple tests that may be easily and ad
vantageously applied beforo eating any sus
pected candy, lie describe!' tho adultera
:lonsns being of three kinds; thoso for bulk,
those for color and those for flavor.
For bulk, in order to increase tho profits,
the confectioner will use terra alba, kaolin,
ground quartz, whiting and starch. These"
Dr. 1'jlson declares injurious, though not
poisonous, no advises that a littlo of tho
uspci-uxi canuy do aissoiveu in cold water.
If kaolin or quartz has been used it will
settle to the bottom of the glass. If whiting
(ground chalk) is present,!; little acid ' ifi
make tho solution effervesce. If there U
starch, a drop or two of tincture of iodine'
will turn the solution to a bluish color.
By burning a little of the candy and mix
ing the ashes in water and a little chloride of
barium a white cloudiness may be produced.
If it is, then, is probably terra alba in the
candy. Adulterations for color, he says, are
tome of them harmless, and some highly in
jurious. He recommends that a little of the
candy be dipped in alcohol. If the color i
dissolved out, dip a white woolen yarn in the
solution. If tho .yarn, is colored, the adul
teration is probably a coal tar color; if this
is red it may contain arsenic. If the alcohol
does not remove the color, put a drop of
hypochlorite of calcium in solution on the
candu If the color fades out it is probably
harmless. The commonest poison used for
color is chrome yellow; which is a very dan
gerous poi-on. Pour ammonia on the candy.
If it turns red it contains turmeric, which is
Dissolve somo of the candy in a clear tum
blerof water. Hold this in the sunlight and
look at the water against a black background,
if it looks yellow green as seen against the
black, and yellow when held to the light, it
Is harmless. It contains fluorescein. If
theso results are not obtained, don't eat the
candy. It probably contains throme yel
iow. Again, dissolve a bit of any suspected
chocolate or brown colored candy in a glass
of hot water and see if any burnt umber is
left in tho bottom undissolved in the form of
a brown, grrtty residue. If so don't eat the
candy. No simple test is known by which to
detect the presence of prussic acid, fusel oil,
oil of vitriol, wood alcohol and rancid but
ter, all.of which, with tome other ingredi
ents, are sometimes used to give a pleasant
flavor to the candy. But if the candy wa
bought from a reputable first class dealer,
and any of it is left of ter all theso tests art
applied, you may eat it without serious ap
prehensions. New York Mail and Express.
Diamond Guarded luseiilonsly.
When the French crown jewels were "sold
by auction last season it is well known that
the finest and most historic of the gems. In
cluding the famous "regent" diamond, were
reserved, and these may now be seen in the
Louvre, in tbo gallery called after the well
known statue of Apollo, which is such a
prominont object in it Beforo these price
less gems were exposed, however, a commit
tee of skilled officials and experts was ap
pointed in order to decide on some plan for
rendering their loss by theft virtually im
possible. And this is what the committee de
cided upon: The jeweb are exhibited in a
showcase, the glass plates ef which are ex
ceptionally thick, ami the iron framework of
which is abnormally strong, and an attend
ant has been appointed to specially keep
watch over the precious exhibit all day long.
Should he have the slightest cause to sus
pect any visitor or visitors he has only to
touch a button easily within his reach, where
upon the glass case promptly disappears
from view and sinks into a specially con
tructed shaft, over the top of which the
same automatic machinery causes thick cov
ers, formed of thick metal plates, to close
with a sharp snap. The ingenuity displayed
in carrying out this plan is remarkable, and
the fact that the clockwork apparatus has
cost close upou iSOO will convey so.ee idea
of its complicated character. London
MEN OF NEWSPAPER-NOTE.
What the rre S-iys In the Way ol
Golp Interesting Paragraphs,
Henry Bergh. wrote four plays in his youth.
The Prince of Wales' favorite author is
Gladstone is said to have got 230 for a
The sultan went Into mourning for Em
peror William, although it is contrary to
Bronson Howard recently made the witty
remark that he would rather be playright
than be president
Gen. Von Moltke says that Gen. Boulangcr
"knows something." From such a pessimist
as Von Moltke this is high praise,
A peer of England, who is somewhat hard
up financially, lias accepted an engagement
as traveling man to well known firm of piano
Oscar Wilde lias had his dining room and
all the furniture in it pointed white, for the
reason that '-4cd white is the only back
ground agaios which a man looks pictur
esque in evening dress."
In an interview between Henry M. Stanley
and a newspaper correspondent the distin
guished explorer said: "I have been ic
Africa seventeen years, and I have neve;1
met a man who would kill me if I folded m.
Mr. Labouchere says the prince imperial of
Russia is so weak, both mentally and physi
cally, that in less exalted circles ho would be
regarded as being within measurable distance
of congenital idiocy.
Emperor William was chivalrous toward
woman of all degrees. Ho kissed the hands
of ladies who were of his circle win ,e met
them in private, and. like Louis XIV, he
would stand aside to let a house maid go
The great Hungarian patriot, Louis Kos
rath, believes that his life is nearly ended.
He has been residing for the last 25 years
at Turin, Italy, engaged in completing his
biography. He is nearing the both year of
Although Robert Bonner has owned the
fastest horses in the country, and is- ever on
the alert for new ocquisitious,it is said that
he rarely goes to witness a horse race and
never bets on one. He never drives a horse
on Sunday, and never permits one of his
Worses to be driven on that day.
M. Bapst, a Paris jeweler, in a recent lect
ure alleged that the sacrcdiy guarded baton
of Charlemagne is nothing more than a mu-
jician'i. baton, and that underneath the red
velvet surrounding the handle are engraved
.ue words: "This baton is my property,
, singer in Notre Dame, 12S0."
Count Zang, who died in Vienna recently,
made a fortune of SS.OOO.OOJ by the sale of
Vienna bread. In lit! ho opened the first
shop in Paris for the production of Vienna
bread, and the bakery still exists on tho Rue
Richelieu under tho name of the Muisou
Zang. Zang was sometimes spoken of iu
Anton Rubinstein, the pianist, has ac
cepted an ouVr of S20.000 for fifty perform
ances in lue u nlteu states tuning mo com
In about three weeks New York will be
provided with a training school for male
nurses, the first of Its kind In this country.
"You aie the only writer I ever knew."
said Lord Beacontieid to Matthew Arnold,
"who has become a classic in bis lifetime."
Dr. Albert's next visit to Springfield, frcm 4 p. m. Wed
nesday, June 13, until II a. m. Thursday, June 14, at the.St.
Superior Street, next to Postof fice, Cleveland 0.
Chronic. Nervous, Skin and Blood DiMvses
Successfully treated upon
The Latest Scientific Principles.
bas attained tHe moat wonderful
success In the treatment of the
ease to which be devote hi
special attention! and throasb.
years of patient labor and re
search lie kaa discovered the
moil Infallible method of carina
general waaknesa Involuntary
discharges, Impoteney, aerrou
ne, contusion of Ideas, palp4t
atlon of the heart, timidity,
disease of the throat, nose and
akin, affection or the llTer,
tomaeh and bowels these ter
rible disorders that malce life a
miserable existence and render
ing marriage impossible.
married persons oryouacmea
csntemplatlnc marriage, aware
of Physical Weakneu or any
other disqualifications speedily
relieved. Be who places blmself
under the care of DB. ALBERT
may confide In bis honsr as a
gentleman, and confidently rely
upon his skill as a physician.
Person Rulneo in Health by Unlearned Pretenders whs keep Trifling with
them month after Month, giving Poisonous and Injurious
Compounds, shouldr Apply Immediately.
DCtllQIfaQI C PIIDEC Berfeeted In old cases which have been net leeted oriuukmMl?
nEfflAllrtnDLC UUnCO treated. No experiments or failnru- Parties treaftd by mailer
expren, out waer poaibl cersoaai eonraitation
CCaABLX CASK ODAKAKTIU.
liinn wits FhUti.
43-Cases aad correspoBdeaee Sacredly Confidential. Treatassat ...
to aay part or tbo United States.
. Owe 1 aa Xboaaaad Xn&l
(Tacuce lnirt w
r nitinl wnrnTTtnrflil tnhaalfh Iit tuaof
.?:".. VPMIUnl DflCTIl I EC '
rut uboiinnii rnuiiuuu
1 ii-; ilea. Ted far Eight Yaan la B
ri aabroka aowa men to the fa!
yerree, ana rauncairtuenciaana . on tisuia.
K To tho who ral!r mm th ntnr ebMVT dlMe
croagMaboat by Jn41cffitlnfi. F.mow-,0-r.Drla
M otk. ortoo fms iBdalcvae-. w . nk thst-so send as
T5?r aara with ttmnt of iwertieobl. aad awvw
ZIttlljrACXAOB FJtrX.wi'h lllort'd riapUCe.
RUPTURED PERSONS can navsj FKKS
NEEDLES AND NEEDLES.
A. Few of tha Many Tartetle Manu
factured In This Conntry.
A needle ts a little thing, hardly north
mentioning. In fact, bat the dally con
sumption of them in the United States Is
t.200.000 About one sixth of these are
made In Brooklyn, but the greater part of
the needles we use come from Redditch.
There are needles which all wig makers
uso They are as delicate as a hair and
shaped like a fish 'jook- There is tho
tambour needle and t Je needle for shirring
machines, the great sail needle, which has
to bo pushed with a steel palm; the knit
ting machine needle, with its little
latchet; tho aracene and crewel needles
and tbo long instrument which the mill
Then there is the surgeon's cruel outfit,
tho probing needle, made for hunting after
bullets or internal sores; the postmortem
needles, of various curves and sizes; the
lore lip needle; the long acenpressare
pins, for pinning gaping wounds hi place
ill the needles for eye. head and body
long, short, curved once, twice or three
times Then tbe veterinary surgeon has
his case of needles, too The upholsterer
is a favored man Be has needles on the
half curve, and on the quarter curve,
round points and sword points, long ejra.
round eyes, egg eyes, and counter suns
The cook Is not left out of this trade,
bnt has a curious trussing needle, made for
carrying melted butter or savory sance
right into the very heart of a fowl or
roast, being hollow and large at the end
whero the butter Is poured In There Is
also the larding needle, which sews large
pieces of meat together or fastens a bit of
fat deep in a lean piece of meat. One of
theso was Invented by a French chef. The
other was made to meet the demands of
butchers who cook large quantities of
meat for the free lunch restaurants, and
who wish to sew their meat Into good
shape, so that it will cat well.
The collar maker's needle Is not unlike
tho upholsterer's Tho netting needle has
a little branch at each end. and with them
goes a broad "mesh" ef Ivory or polished
wood. The knife point hem needle, 'with
its broad blade, was Invented to snlt tbe
men at the Chicago stock yards The
broom maker's needle, like the sailor's
has to be pushed with a steel palm. Thai
which tbe millers use has a spring eye
which the heavy thread enters when tbt
side of the" eye is pressed.
A novice could never guess bow to use
the needle made for sewing soles on shoes
Tho glove needles are marvelously fine
affairs, though even the daintiest of them
have three corrared points. Tbe knitting
and astrachan needles want no mention
The needle for filling rugs has given
place to an Ingenious machine which does
four times the work. The beading needle
Is slender and long The rag baler's
needle has a blade like a leek, and Is an
other Invention made for Chicago The
weaver's pin for picking up broken
threads has an open eye In a hook, which
catches and holds the lost thread firmly
The making of a needle Is a very labo
rious matter In Germany, Franca and
England, whero It is done by band. The
polishing there requires sixty or seventy
days But In America it has called forth
some of tbe most interesting and.delicat
Inventions in machinery of which thir
country can boast. Chicago News.
Society in Gotham.
Yonng Man (to tailor) I must hav that
suit at 8 o'clock to-night sure. Snipper, f 01
the Txillingham ball; no mistake.
Snipper All right, sir.
Young Man And what if it shouldn't fit
Snipper I'm to be a guest at the Twilling
kam hall myself, sir, and should the suit
need any littlo alterations I can make them
there. New York Eun.
A Mortifying Ulunder.
"Another pat of butter pleaser said a
guest in an up town restaurant.
"SirP said the gentleman addressed, with
"Oh, I beg pardon," said the guest, very
ranch abashed, "I thought you were a
I "Sir. I am the head waiter." The Eoocii.
. Organal Weakness
Immediately cored and f nil Tiger
restored This distressing anllc
tlon 'which renders life a burden
and BUMTlage Impossible Is the
tMaalrr paid by tbe Tletlm sf
Imprudence. Consult DR. AI
BKItX at once and yon will find
the ajmpaihy aad relief that
yon positively require.
SnSbrers from this distressing
disorder, tbe symptoms of which
are a dull and unsettled naiad,
which unfits them for the per
formaaceof their buslnsss and
social duties, makes happy
marriages Impossible, dlstreses
tbe action or tbe heart, causes
' Bashes at beat, evil forebodings,
ins, tiring easily of company,
with a prerreence to be alone,
reeling as tired In the morning
as on retiring, white deposit la
urine, nervousness, trembling,
watery and weak eyes, dyspep
sia, constipation, pain and
weakness la limbs, ste. should
consult DR. ALBERT immedi
ately aad be rsstorsd to health.
u wf wren.
yiiti MTirimi in liii.in 1 1
ladeaUs radje-1 wtMt?fcBr4al
Mflwiaem v faunae uatnean
wrHtnHt rislaw Tl. T
vttud iA9attTic tiamama ef hi an Itw Sack, OM pattaat
uMxion.QiijM Dnsu orjtBBjam rawar. xs
HARRIS REMEDY CO rel
Trial of our AsDHt"oa. Ask for Tsrmal.
Xutlce to Contractor?.
Sealed proposals will be received at the of
fice l the city clerk of the city of Springfield.
Ohio. lorturnltnlnK the material and doing
the work ot building the superstructure of
the market bouse and city bandings on the
space from Market space to Center street, be
tween Iltgh and Washington streets, accord
ing to the plans and specifications therefor
prepared by C. A. Crecar. architect, adopted
by council and on file In the office ot the city
elrll engineer; the work to be done as rapidly
as It consistent with good workmanship. and
to be nnder roof by tbe 1st day ot November,
A 11 proposals must be on printed forms fur
nished by the engineer and must be signed by
the full name ol all persons Interested in the
same, and shall also be signed by some respon
sible disinterested person as a guarantee that
a contract will be entered into, provided said
bid Is accepted, and must be on tile with tbe
city clerk on or before Tuesday, the 29th da?
of May. 18SS, at 12 o'clock noon, to be opened
and publicly read Immedlatelyalterlio clock
of said day. In the presence of the mayor. cUr
engineer, assistant city engineer, and city
clerk. "rani two of them. and reported to conn
ell at the next regular neetlng thereafter. .
The city council reserves the right to reject
any orall bids foranyreason tbey may deem
By order of council.
Kotice fo Cflatne'ors.
Notice Is hereby given that sealed pro
posals will be received at the office of the
City Clerk ol the City ot Springfield. Ohio, for
furnishing the material and doing the work
ol grading and graveling Sheildan avenue
from Forest avenue to Ludlow avenue. In said
city, according to the plans and specification
therefor; prepared by the city engineer and
on file In his office (or Inspection ot all persons
desiring to make proposals.
' All proposals must be on forms furnished
by the engineer and must be signed by the
tall name ot all persons Interested In the
same, and shall also be signed by some rcspon'
slble disinterested person as a guarantee that
a contract will be entered Into, provided said
bid ts accepted, and mnt be on file with the
city clerk on or before Friday, the 1st day ot
June. 1338. at 12 o'clocs noon, to be opened
and pabllcly read Immediately alter 12 o'clock
of said day. In the presence of the mayor, city
engineer, assistant city engineer, aad city
clerk, or any two ot them, and reported to
r"ncU at the next regular meeting there
alter. l ue city council reserves the right to reject
any or all proposals for any reason.it may
By order ot tbe City Council.
119am City Clerk.
Notice to Engine Bollderg.
Waisr Wosxs Orncx.
SraixariiLD. 0.. May 16.1SS3.J
Fealcd proposals will be received by the
trustees ol the water works of the city of
Springfield. Ohio, at their office In said city,
until 12 o'clock noon of Wednesday, the 13tb
day of June. 1383. tor one pumping engine,
with capacity to pump seven and one-halt
million gallons of water per 21 hours, again st
a resistance for eurrent service, ot equal to.
olnetr(W) pounds per square Inch, with ad
ditional s'rength to work agslnst a fire pres
sure ot one handled and fifty (150) pounds.
General spfcificatloos. forms of proposal
wid forms ol contract will be furnished from
ind af ter.the 26th day of May. 1SS3.
Bids will also be received at tbe same time
tnd place for one non-compound, non-con-lenslsg.
direct acting pumping engine now at
the pump house of said water works, either
for tbe purchase ot said engine separately, or
Inpaxt payment for the new engine.
The trustees hereby reserve the right to
reject any orall bids or to accept such tipe of
engine as In their Judgment will be best
adapted to the services required, even It It be
not the lowest In price. a
JOHN II THOMAS,
Trustees of Water Works: -J.
f). Cook, consulting engineer, Toledo.-t).
Xotlce to Contractors. -.
Sealed proposals will be received by the
Board of Control ot the Ohio Agricultural Ex
periment Station for the erection of an office
building, size 39i45 feet, to be built on the
gruunds of the station, at Columbus. Ohio.
Proposals will be received until 9 o'clock,
Juno 6, 1888.
Fach proposal must be accompanied with a
guarantee that If the proposal Is accepted, a
contract will be entered Into.
All proposals should be addressed to U. E.
Thome, Director Experiment Station. Colum
bus. Ohio, and marked on the outside. "Pro
posals for erection ot building "
Plans and specifications may be seen at the
office of Elab Terrell i Cc Architects, Col
umbus. Ohio, on and atter April 16. 13:3.
NEW INVENTIONJN LACING.
With self adjustlngback
can be changed from
tight to loose-fitting la
five seconds, without re
moving from the person.
NEVER Requires new
Laces or Steels.
Laces will not SHOW
TUROUUII the DRESS.
The healthiest, bfst-flt-tlng
and most comforts
ble Corset made.
Goraet Vn- t
For sale by Henry M. Oldham k Co., Spring
wfwi ' mi
alJuri; Amy "
ILVslHi JHf 5;
e ii w if THi Q