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title: 'The citizen. (Honesdale, Pa.) 1908-1914, October 09, 1908, Image 1',
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Wayne County Organ
Weekly Founded, 1844
$ REPUBLICAN PARTY
HONE SD ALE, WAYNE CO., PA., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1908.
HASKELL IS NOT
THE ONLY BURDEN
Bryan -Handicapped by Kerr's
6UFFEY MEN NOW LAUGHING
With the Oklahoma Steam Roller Ma.
chlnlst In Disrepute and the New
National Committeeman Frtt.'n This
State Uncovered, the Pittsburg Col
f onel Seems to Have Had His Re
venge. Special Correspondence.
Now York, Oct. 6.
Pennsylvanlans, both Republicans
and Democrats, will bo Interested In
disclosures made by a corn qondent
of tho Now York Sun regarding tho
corporation connections of Bryan's In
timate friend, James Kerr, of Clear
field, Pa., whom he catapaulted Into
( the Democratic national committee at
Denver after the Haskell steam roller,
at Bryan's direction, had crushed out
Colonel James M. Guffey, who had not
only subscribed many thousands of
dollars to Bryan's campaign funds, but
also furnished free of cost the stained
gloss windows which adorn the Bryan
household at Lincoln.
Haskell, owing to tho exposure of
his Standard Oil connections, has had
to retire from the trcasurershlp of tho
Democratic national committee.
But Kerr still holds on.
Kerr and Corporations.
Here Is what a New York Sun cor
respondent has Just written about Mr.
"To tho accompaniment of the blare
of trumpets and tho waving of many
" flags, Colonel James M. Guffey, of
Pennsylvania, was convicted at Den
ver of the unpardonable sin of being
a corporation man, and the spotless
M Jauncs Kerr was Installed n his place
oa Democratic national committeeman
from tho Keystone state. Never mind
the fact that Colonel Guffey was the
selection by a largo majority of the
properly constituted delegation of
Democrats of his state. The state is
hopelessly for Taft anyway, and there
fore personal animosities must be
gratified while tho ancient bluff of
'peepul' Is carried out
"Tho Peerless Leader therefore
smiled expansively and the faithful
cohorts chortled for joy when the
wicked Mr. Guffey was exiled and that
well-known corporation hater, 'free
from spot or blemish or any such
thing,' was presented faultless before
the representatives of the downtrodden
"But what is this we find? Upon tak
ing up the Directory of Directors for
the year 1907-08 a satanlc roll of
malefactors, appropriately bound In
red wo discover on pago 347 tho fol
A Pratty Good List.
"Kerr, James, president and direc
tor Beech Creek Coal & Coko com
pany, 17 Battery place.
" 'American Union Telephone com
pany, Harrisfcurg, Pa., director.
"'Automatic Coaling & Weighing
Barge company, of Delaware, presi
dent and director.
"'Beech Creek Railroad company,
"'Chest Creek Railroad company,
" 'Clearfield Manufacturing com
pany, president and director.
'"Clearfield Trust company, dlrec
"'Commonwealth Coal & Coke con
pany, president and director.
"'Farmers' bank, of Indiana, Pa.;
"'First National bank, Patton, Pa.,
" 'Hooverhurs't & Southwestern rail
road, president and director.
" 'Iroquois China company, presi
dent and director.
" 'National Corporation Securities
company, president nd director.
"New York Weighing Barge &
Coaling company, president and dlrec
"'North River Cool & Wharf com
pany, president and director.
M 'O'Gara Coal company, director.
" 'Pennsylvania, Beech Croek
Eastern Coal company, president and
"'Pennsylvania Coal & Coke com.
"'Pennsylvania Construction & In
vestment company, president and di
" 'Philadelphia Record, dlroctor.
"'Potts Run Land company, presl
j dent and director.'
"As the late Hon. Henry Clay Bar-
Babee was wont feelingly to remark
UgfUpt twafk typaa chattered I,'
"Can this exalted apostle of civic ,
righteousness bo tho samo James Kerr 1
who for years hns shared with that
other disinterested Democrat and (mo
time candidate for governor of Now
York, the Hon, John B. Stanchfield,
the distinction represcnsllilo but re
munerative of Lfcguardlng tho in
terests of the Now York Central in tlic
regions which He between Geneva on
the north and Willlamspnrt on the
south? Can this samo Mr. Kerr b: the
Immaculate defender of the 'peopul's
rights who in tho organization of the
New York Central's coal corporation,
the 'Beech Creek Coal & Coke com
pany,' sat Is his office and 'create 1
wealth' by signing up an nrllFtle co'-
legtlon of common stock certificates
which were not heavily weight d down
by mero physical assets us equity
"Alas! Alas! How are the mighty
fallen and tho weapons of war per
Ishcd! IT IS TO LAUGH."
Taft to Farmers.
Pennsylvania farmers will ho Inter
ested In the speeches being made by
Judge Taft In tho west, especially his
references to tho beneficial results ol
tho enforcement of the Republican
policy of a protective tariff.
At Dodge City a sign had been
placed on a grain elevator which rend
"Wheat, 100S, 92 cents, Republlcm
rule; wheat, 55 cents. Democratic
Taking notice of tho sign, Mr. Tali
said to his largo audience:
"I have statistics a little more com
pleto than that. The average price o'
corn In Kansas In 'Hfi. after four ycari-
of Democratic rule, was iU cents p- s
bushel. Now it is more than 41 rents
per bushel. This Republican price c.
44 cents for corn in Kansas cave t
the farmers of Kansas for their corn
crop of 1907 more than $40,000.ii)0 in
excess of what they would have ro
coived if they had sold at tho Demo
cratic price of 18 cents.
"With respect to wheat, in which I
think this community is rather mon
Interested than corn, tho average
prlco of wheat In Kansas for the four
Democratic years was 49 cents poi
bushel. At present It Is over 92 cenis
per bushel, and If your present whoai
crop had been sold at Democratic
prices It would have left you $21,000.
000 less than you have today.
"For oats the Democratic price was
16 cents; for barley, 22 cents, and fni
potatoes, 27 cents, and for hay, ?2
a ton. Tho Republican prices gave t
the farmers of Kansas for the crop .i
oats, barley, potatoes and hay in VMr,
over $18,000,000 in excess of what the
would havo received if they hail s 1 '
thoso crops at tho Democratic pric :
which prevailed all over Kansas in
1896, after tho Democrats had run the
government for four years.
Tariff Helped Farmer.
"You have increased tho value oi
your horses over jvhat you had in
189C from about $16,000,000 to $96,000.
000. "Tho samo is true of other stock.
"Of course tho argument is that
this was not due to Democratic rule,
but as a matter of fact, in Harrison's
administration you had no such prices.
You had them in Cleveland's adminis
tration, after the Gorman-Wilson tariff
bill, and just as soon as tho Republi
cans camo in again and passed the
DIngley bill, tho prices began to rise,
you had a good market and you have
been prosperous ever since.
"I ask in heaven's name how sensi
ble people can take the power out oi
the hands of the party that has made
such prosperity possible and put it in
the hands of a party whoso record is
what I have given."
Pennsylvania farmers are keenly In
terested in this tariff agitation. The
tobacco growers of Lancaster county
all appreciate tho fact that without
tho protection which two representa
tives in tho United States senate giw
them In that body and a largo majority
of Republican representatives in the
house command, they would bo seri
Tho Iron, coal, manufacturing and
other Important interests of tho Key
stone stato would bo similarly affected
by any serious disturbance of present
All admit that there must he tariff
revision, but Pennsylvanlans demand
that this service shall bo done by Re
publican protectionists not Demo
cratlc freo traders.
The Dumdum Bullet.
Tho dumdum bullet Is named after
the place, near Calcutta, whore It was
One pound of pure saccharin has the
8wcotnosg of n quarter of ton of sugar.
Carborundum, n wonderful product
of tho electric furnace, goes in as sand,
coko, sawdust and salt and conies out
in clusters of beautiful crystals.
Ground into powder, these will polish
nnd sharpen every kind of steel tool
and even polish diamonds.
Out of Roumanla's il,OO0,O00 inhab
itants only ono iu three cun read and
USE OF AEROPLANES IN WAR.j
Could Drop Shell From Them Into
Ship Funnel, Says Orvillo Wright.
The chance remark of a sergeant of
artillery at Fort Mycr during tho re
cent aeroplane flights of Orvillo Wright,
the famous aeronaut, was tho basis for
a discussion of one of the most Impor
taut features of the government's in
terest iu aerial craft for purposes of
war. The discussion took place at a
dinner tendered to Mr. Wright by na
val officers. Said the sergeant, "Air
rhlps aren't any good to launch a shell
from because you can't get tho 'cen
trifugal force' that is necessary to hit
The idea which the noncommission
ed officer Intended to convoy iras that
the whirling motion given a shell by
the modern steel bore guns could not
be accomplished iu dropping an explo
sive shell from nn airship.
The main facts brought out in the
discussion of the aeroplane as an in
strument of war were that a machine
such as that of the Wright brothers
would bo practically invulnerable as a
target for the enemy's guns, that with
a Utile target practice an explosive
could bo dropped on a war vessel with
damaging results and that tho aerial
war craft could bo launched from the
dock of a battleship.
Mr. Wright said that ho had made
experiments with a swinging weight to
nee how closely he could lilt objecls
over which ho was flying.
"I found that after a little practice
it became comparatively easy to put
the weight just where I wanted to,"
said Mr. Wright. "One allowance
which must bo made is tho effect of n
wind striking the course of trio airship
at right angles."
"On your present machine how much
weight could bo added in tho shape of
a gun?" Mr. Wright was asked by
Lieutenant Sweet, tho naval officer do
tailed to observe the Fort Mycr aero
"One hundred and fifty pounds," Mr.
Tho merits of launching nn explosive
from a gun were then discussed. Mr.
Wright said there would not be suffi
cient "kick" to cause tho aeroplane to
diverge from Its course. A shell could
be dropped Into tho funnel of n war
ship, causing terrible damage to the
machinery and completing Its work of
dest met Ion by bursting tho boilers.
SIRES AND SONS.
John J. lluycs, Marathon winner, is
rmw on the vaudeville stage at a sal
ary of a week.
lysine William Howard, counselor of
the British embassy at Washington,
has been transferred from Washington
to Vienna, whore hi will act In the
Young Marshall Field has shown
marked talent for oratory In his last
term at Eton college. He says, how
ever, that If ho were not an American
he should join the British army.
Forty years ago the St. Albans (Vt.)
Campaign Gleo club was organized.
Of the nine members in the organiza
tion at that time, oilly one. Dr. John
Shoerar, survives. Dr. Shoerar has
sung in every campaign since 'OS.
Dr. Kdward F. Gleason, champlou
trap shooter of America and a former
gold mine president, lias filed In tho
I'nlted Stater, district court In Now
York an application in bankruptcy,
giving his liabilities as $77,700 and his
assets as ?0,1S5.
W. L. Guiles of Ortonville, Mich., a
veteran of the civil war, declares his
whiskers are fully eight feet long. He
has not been shaved, it is said, for
twenty years and seldom oven trims
his hirsute appendage. As a rule, lie
wears his lengthy beard furied up un
der his chin.
Victor Watteyne, a coal mini; expert
and chairman of, the Belgian bureau of
mines, Is In this country, lie comes
here as the guest of tlie government
and will Inspect all the largo and un
safe coal mines of the United States
and suggest means of decreasing the
mortality of the miners.
Reman! Shaw Is a devotee of the
Tolstoy speaks a little of many lan
guages and four or five, including Eng.
lisli. French, German and Hebrew,
quite well, in addition to which he is
un able Greek scholar.
To the many honors already accord
ed Dr. S. Weir Mitchell of Philadel
phia, neurologist, poet, essayist and
novelist, has just been added that of
a foreign fellowship in tho Royal So
ciety of England. The election Is ono
of the choicest distinctions to which a
scientist can aspire.
Miss-. Solum Lagerlof, besides being
the most popular writer In Sweden,
has Just received-nn honorary degree
from tho University of T'psaln. She is
tho 'first woman In Sweden to receive
this distinct Ion, and Jt is said to be
only n matter of time when she will
get 41iu -Nobel prize;
DAMES AND DAUGHTERS.
Mme. Mclba's music teacher in Mel.
bourne, Australia, was Mme. Keller
rnann, tho mother of tho famous An
nette, the great swimmer.
Mrs. Augustlna Rylands, who died
recently leaving nn estato of Bomo $17,
500,000, Is supposed to havo been the
richest woman In England.
Miss Elizabeth K. Jackson has been
claim clerk for the Mobile, Jackson
nnd Kansas City railroad In Mobile,
Ala., for tho past two years. Thcro Is
but one other woman In tho state hold
lug such a position.
Miss Charlotte Warren of Newport
has been awarded tho title as tho most
daring huntswoman at the meets of
the Monmouth County hounds, of
which Peter Collier la master. Miss
Wnrrcn takes any old wall or fence the
hounds rush over or under, and New
port has never seen her equal as a dar
Miss Isnbcllc Hagncr, private secre
tary to Mrs. Roosevelt, is tho human
"who's who" of Washington. To bo
on the good books of Miss Hagncr la
social preferment enough In Itself. Po
tentates, diplomats and stragglers for
recognition bow before this southern
girl who wields so potent an Influence
on social destinies. Hostesses clamor
to have Miss Hagncr assist them at
The right to move a building along a
public street upon which an electric
railway has been lawfully constructed,
to the serious interference with tho op
eration of tho cars and the wires by
which they arc operated, is denied.
Failure to read an instrument before
sigulng it Is held not to bar relief there
from an equity on tho ground of neg
ligence or estoppel when tho circum
stances attending the transaction were
such as to lead tho party to believe ho
was signing, a paper of an entirely dif
The provision in a railway ticket that
iu cases of dispute between passenger
and conductor the passenger shall pay
the rate which the conductor demands,
get a receipt from him and report to
I ho foneral office, where the samo will
receive prompt attention, is held to bo
void for unreasonableness.
A wet broom wears a carpet less
than a dry one.
Scald wooden kitchen utensils fre
quently nnd always dry all tinware
thoroughly after use.
Varnished wood should be rubbed
with a chamois leather wrung out of
cold water, then polished with n soft
A satisfactory floor covering, particu
larly for children's rooms, is a plain
cork carpet, with a few washable rugs
in tints to match the walls and draper
ies. To clean windows try this method:
Take two or three pieces of lump
starch, dissolve them in a quart of
water and with, this wash the win
dows. Let the glass dry, then polish
with a dry cloth.
Frances Starr is to have a neyr play
Hartley Manners has written a now
play called "Birth."
Adelaide Manola, who is the leading
ludy In "AH For a Girl," is the.wlfo of
the author, Rupert Hughes.
Adeline Gcncc, the dancer, has ca
bled a denial of tho story published in
Denmark that she Is to bo. married.
A man breathes about clghtocncplnts
of air a minute, or upward of 3ls. hogs
heads a day.
. A wireless message has been tread at
a distance of 2,000 miles. Thlo-is said
to break tho record.
Coral tcefs grow very slowfcp, Bell-
prln, tho German scientist says at
the rate of one foot in 100,000 Of ears.
The bone frame of the average whalo
weighs about forty-fivo tons.
Rolls may bo freshened, oven when
very Rtalo, by dipping eachano quickly
in ice water nnd heating In tho oven
until crisp. If oaten while fhot, .they re-
I Rumble zwclbach.
Flax cloth was woven In (Belgium In
the time of Caesar.
Tho canals of China 'extend all
through Its valloyfl and -are more nu
merous than the road linourMnost pop
ulous states, their construction In tfomo
ensos, especially in N'lngpo, dating back
to -km yean l. U.
Steel ships are more easily penetcat-
ed by rams, rocks, etc., v than the old
. v a. n "
A Tale About Tails.
Societies for the prevention ot cruelty
to animals, whose local good work is
mentioned elsewhere in our columns,
are seriously contemplating a crusade
against the docking of horses' tails, and
this naturally suggests the subject of
tails generally, with which the Creator
seems to have regarded it as essential to
supply all living creatures.
Why is a tail? Man is wont to ridi
cule the caudal appendage and mini
mize its uses, probably because he shed
his away back in the pithecoid stage.
The end of things seems to liitn futile
and undignified. Yet the tail continues
to be the mostimportant member among
animals, and the world could hardly
wag without it. Arms and legs are a
modern invention compared with (he
sinuous extension that wagged and wav
ed and acted as a propeller to the early
forms of life millions of years ago. All
sentiments and emotion were expressed
by the tail, curved or erect or gently
moved lrom side to side, constituting a
sign language quite sufficient for the
ichthyosaurus and other brainy deni
zens of the deep.
From the curator of the New York
Zoological Park, we get some interest
ing information on this subject. When
you see a dog lie down and curl his tail
forward you have a hint of the primitive
use of this member. The animal, in n
wild state, when the weather was cold,
was accustomed to use his thick, hairy
tail as a rug around his body, and par
ticularly as a shelter for His nose. While
snugly sheltered he could breathe and
smell an enemy through the porous tip.
The dog expresses all kinds of affection
by wagging, and grief by drooping his
tail. A pointer lias learned in forty
generations an artificial self-control that
causes him to stiffen his body and tail
when he scents the game. When a dog
puts his tail between his legs it is a re
miniscenco of an ancestral precaution
against a pursuing enemy who might
bite the trailing member.
The cat tribe does not wag, but uses
its tail to get rid of a surplus of nervous
energy when engaged in the hunt. The
kitten, stalking a bird, or a lion after an
ox, curls and uncurls the tip of its tail.
This is like a man nervously tapping his
foot or lingers at moments of stress and
excitement. The jaguar walking on a
slender bough and the house cat going
to a rendezvous on top of a back yard
fence, employ their tails to keep their
balance, the same as a tight rope walker
sways his pole. Sheep seem to have no
use for tails, yet the breed found iu Asia
.Minor and Tartary with a f0-pound tail
make the appendage serve as a store
house for fat. These enormous exten
sions are fastened on two sticks, which
drag on the ground or are carried on two
An important function of tails is to
whisk away Hies and other insects that
attack animals unprotected by long hair
or thick hides. Two horses or cows
standing beside each other, head to tail,
and joining forces to switch off Hies, il
lustrate an ingenious application of the
proverb, that two tails are bettor than
one. The wild horse did not have much
tail, because his thick and shaggy coat
shielded him from insects.
Most aquatic animals use their tail
rather than the limbs to swim with. The
aligator paddles along slowly with his
webbed toes, but lie folds his legs or lets
them drift when he wants to go at full
speed, by undulating his tail. Seals fold
their hind flippers together and use them
tail fashion, while penguins swim with
their wings and steer with their tails.
Whales used to live on dry land and
crawl about on four feet. When they
took to the water they found it con
venient to develope tails with a vertical
instead of a horizontal sweep. This
helped them to shoot up quickly from
the ocean depths to get air. The aliga
tor's tail is so powerful that it can knock
over and injure a half dozen men trying
to hold it. The Mexican iguana has a
happy faculty of letting an enemy keep
the end of his tail, while lie escapes into
his burrow, and nature soon makes up
with a new growth for the appendage lie
has lost. The porcupine vibrates his
quilled tail as a formidable wepon.
A fossil discovered in Bavaria (shows
how the lizard's tail evolved into tho
feathery tuft of a bird. The link be
tween reptile and bird had twenty large
feathers on each side of its leathery tail,
which served chiefly as a rudder in
short, leaping flights. More feathers,
set closely together, came in response to
need, and finally the power to open and
shut a fanliko tail of feathers. A curi
osity is the paradise widow finch of
Africa, which has a body four inches
long and a tail a foot in length. After a
, f.. ,1 it... !.!.! n.. .
neavy rain or uew uio uiru can my un-
til the 6UII has dried its feathers, which
puts it at tho mercy of its enemies. The
,,i1n, i .,i ,.,:ia,o .
beaver uses its flat, broad tail as -a
son's trowel j the great aiit-eater-epi'Jids
no money for umbrellas while it can
arch its large hairy tail over its back,
and the kangaroo is saved the expense
of chairs by sitting on its well-muscled
tail. The woodpecker employs its stiff
tail feathers as a prop when climbing
trees. The monkey's tail is well known
for its grace and usefulness.
M. LEE BRAMAN,
Republican Candidate For Sheriff.
Mr. Braman is a Wayne county man,
born and bred. He comes from the
farming and lumbering element that has
been the leading force iu the develop
ment of the county from the original
forests, and possesses in a large measure
the sterling qualities that characterize
the hardy, intelligent yeomanry of
Wayne. He was born in Manchester,
June '20, 1878, and from boyhood boro
his part in tiie labors of the farm and
lumber woods that was the accustomed
duty of the fanner's boy. Ho attended
the common schools of the district, and
later took a course at the Birgham
ton Business College, from which- ho
graduated witli high standing. He has
for several years been a stock dealer,
and, witlin superior practical knowledge
of the subject, has made a specialty of
introducing some of the best breeds of
western horses, and thereby contributed
materially toward improving the stan
dard of horse-iksh in Wayne county.
In September, litO", lie removed to
Honesdale, and opened a livery stable
and horse dealers' exchange at the large
barn of the Allen House. His business
transactions are marked by straightfor
ward dealing and hisopen, genial manner
makes a highly favorable impression on
all who meet him, cither iu business or
socially. At the age of twenty-one he
became a member of Adelphi Lodge, 1.
( ). O. F. at Long Eddy, and on his re
moval here he affiliated with Freedom
Lodge, of Honesdale. Mr. Braman is a
man of integrity, strength of character,
and intelligence ; is courteous and kind
ly toward all ; and has a business educa
tion and experience that admirably
qualify him for the office of Sheriff. The
man who votes for him will never have
cause to regret it.
Oct. 15th. Several from this place at
tended the fair at Honesdale, last week,
and all pronounce it to be a success.
The Grangers at this place have a sup
per in their hall on Wednesday evening
the Hth inst., proceeds of which are to
pay for paint used for painting the hall.
The public is invited to attend. '
Mrs. Wilder of Honesdale was a
pleasant caller at Mrs.CharleB Wagner's
on Sunday last.
Mr. and Mrs. Mumford of Honesdale
took a pleasaut drive through this placjj
on Sunday last.
Mrs. John Ham of Scranton, who has
been visiting her family at this place,
returned to her home on Thursday last.
We notice in a Citizen of recent date
that we need to have '-'0th century school
directors jn order to get reports proper
ly and promptly attended to. That is
the kind of directors that Berlin lias.
Their reports were made to the State
Department at an early date and in a
short time the treasurer received a check
O. W. Treverton will soon be in Mich
igan, where he has secured employment
in a sugar factory.
Dr. Lidstoneof Honesdale was a caller
at Mrs. Hall's on Friday last.
John Reining, Jr., while working in
the woods on Friday last cut himself
quite badly. Dr. Ely of Honesdale was
Charles Bayly lias gone to Archbald
where he has secured employment as
At any tlmo when your stomach is not In
eooil condition, you should take Kodol, be
cause Kotlol dlircsts all the food you eat. ami
It supplies hculth mid strciiL'th for the xtoni
ai h In that way. Von take idol Just for a
llttlo while when you have Kllirlit attacks of
ImltL'cxtloii anilyoii take It Just a lit I If longer
in order in eei rcnei irom wvuru uuhokh oi
Indlu'cstlon or Nervous IK-Hix-PHla. Try
l.. 1110 I'
i - -
A visit to Mknnek &Co.fi Cloak and
Suit department will convince buyers
of tlui style and cloth qualities of theic
Bea80'8 mt 22eitf
Msd. - BgsssssssssB