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THE WEATHER On Frldny ovcrcnst and silgiitij' cooler WOntliei' will prevail, Willi light to fresh vorlablo winds ami rain.
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J republicanMvrty 1
HONESDALE, WAYNE CO., PA., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1910.
King of Portugal Prisoner
HIS PALACE IS BOMBARDED.
Action Is Meant as Fatal Glow to Old
Monarchial Regime Unless Prov
inces Help Manuel House of Bra
ganza Will Cease to Reign.
Paris, Oct. 5. A wireless lins been
received by Le .Matin stating tbnt
revolution has broken out In Lisbon.
"Warships are said to be bombarding
the lialnce, this deed being explained
by the statement that the army and
Jiuvy nre said to be on the side of the
King Manuel Is n prisoner In the
name of the Republican party.
Unless the provinces of Portugnl
rally to hlui and overwhelm the capi
tal the house of Braganza will cease
King Manuel's seat on the throne of
Portugal has been one of sorrow nud
insecurity ever since the double assas
sination of his father and elder broth
er In February. 1!K)8.
These assassinations were the terri
ble demonstrations of the Republican
leaders; but. terrible as they were,
they did not carry out the full pur
pose of the regicides, which was to
wipe out the entire royal family In
one wholesale slaughter.
In the upheaval of geucrnl horror
over tho violent deaths of King Car
los and tho crown prince tho revolu
tionary spirit was for tho moment
cowed, and Manuel was permitted to
become the boy king of Portugal. But
the revolutionary spirit was only slum
bering, and the dispatches have borne
ample proof of the Instability of the
The discovery of widespread revolu
tionary conspiracies hare been receiv
ed, leaders have been arrested, who
have not scrupled to declare that thoy
were members of secret societies
banded to overturn the government,
and plots liave been unearthed which,
have had for their sheer object the
assassination of King Manuel.
At a banquet given only a short
time ago at the royal palace of Lisbon
a lieutenant of the royal household
arose and dramatically declared that
he could not rest quiet while plotters
were nt work oven In that room and
denounced the court dignitaries' and
politicians present as spies and trait
ors. Wherever King Manuel went he was
'watched ns the czar of Russia Is
watched by guards ngalnst anarchists
and would bo nssasslns, nnd during
the past few days the palace force3
have been doubled in a vain attempt
to secure tho monarch's safety.
But the king knew there was no
safety for him where he could count
on no man as a trusty friend, nnd he
has over and again made It clear that
It was his wish to abdicate.
What tho people demand has not
been very clearly formulated. The
economical administration of tho "roy
al advances," "strict Justice" nud "na
tional honor" aro some of the phrases
employed, but tho basis of the whole
tiphenval Is really a popular determi
nation that the old monarchical regime
Is dead and that the dny of citizenship
and republicanism has arrived.
STOLE NOTES WOETH $75,000.
Mail Carrier Witness Against Lawyer
Who Tried to Sell Them.
Chicago, Oct 5. Robert T. Sweeney,
formerly a mall carrier, plenditl guilty
in the federal court to the charge of
having stolen $"5,000 worth of notes
from tho mails. A short time later he
was placed on the witness stand and
turned state's evidence against Shed
rick B. Tumor, n lawyer, the editor of
a weekly paier.
Turner is charged with having pos
session of the stolen notes and with
trying to dispose of them. They be
long to a manufacturing company and
woro taken from tho malls on June 13.
Sweeney swore on the stand that he
save $40,000 worth of tho notes to
Turner to sell and burned the remain
der. PRESIDENT TAFT MUST MOVE
Mrs. Evans Is Going to Tear Down
Beverly, Mass., Oct 5. President
Taft want to -rent tho Evans cottage
on Burgess iolnt for another summer,
but Mrs. Itobert Dawson Evans, tho
owner, won't give it to him.
She wants to tear tho cottago down
nnd build an Italian garden on tho
site. It is known that Mr. Taft ex
pressed a deslro to take tho cottago
for another season, but Mrs. Evans
had her henrt set on tho Italian gar
den. Henco the president of the
United States is out "houso hunting."
NEQR0 BURNED AT STAKE.
Taken From Warden by Mob After
Montgomery, Ala., Oct 4. Six hours
nfter he had attacked Mrs. lHqnin
Kttuckoy, n prominent young woman of
Covington county, Bush Withers, n
negro "trusty" at tho Ilcndcrson con
vict camp, wns taken from tho ward
en while en route to prison nt Andnlu
sla, tied to n stnko by n mob of 400
men and burned to death.
It was conducted quietly, and tho
mob left no trnces of thelr-fury save
tho ashes of the negro.
HARRY T. PECK. $
( Professor Who Has Ben Ruled 5
( Out of Faculty at Columbia. 5
Now York, Oct. 5. Professor Harry
Thurston Peck, who was suspended
from tho Columbln faculty by tho oil
ucatlonnl coinmlttco last spring, after
he had been sued for breach of prom
ise by Miss Esther Qulnn, a stenog
rapher, hns been ruled off the faculty
altogether by tho board of trustees.
The affidavit submitted by Miss
Qulnn in her suit contained verses
said to have been addressed to her
by Professor Peck, which weren't a
bit academic in character.
31 1 JWECK
25 Others Hurt n Crash
Near Staunton, III.
GREW DISOBEYED ORDERS,
Men In Charge of Both Vehicles Es
cape Serious Injury by Jumping.
Accident at Bottom of Deoline.
Victims on Way to See Parade.
Staunton, III., Oct. 5. Thirty-seven
persons were killed and twenty-flve In
jured in a collision on the Illinois Trac
tion system two mllea north of Staun
ton, Three of the injured, and. possibly
more, are not expected to survive Re
ports from tho wreck up to the present
time have been dlillcult to obtain, and
although some of the statements re
ceived from there inuko tho number of
injured ns high as tlfty, It Is not be
lieved It will run over twenty-flve.
The collision occurred between n
locnl train northbound and an excur
sion train headed townrd St Louis nnd
loaded with passengers on their way
to view tho parade of tho Veiled Proph
ets in St Louis. Tho nccldent accord
ing to present Information, was due
entirely to the disregard of orders by
tho crow of tho local.
Tho local train had orders to pass
tho southbound train nt Staunton. The
Intter train was running in two sec
tions, nnd tho orders given to tho locnl
were that It should pass both sections
of tho southbound train nt Staunton.
Tho first section had passed when
the crow of tho local pulled out on the
rtlJn trnck, heedless of tho second
necefcn, and started north. At Dicker
son's curve tho two trains enmo to
gether In n splintering crash,
Dlckerson's curve is nt tho lmttom
of n decllno both from tho north nnd
from tho south. Tho local train nnd
tho second section of tho excursion
train woro both on tho down grado nnd
moving nt a speed of forty miles an
hour when thoy met Tho collision oc
curred right nt tho bottom of tho dou
ble incline and nt, the sharpest point of
Tho cars wero so close that it was
Jmpossiblo for either of them to stop
or slow down. Tho crews were nblo to
do nothing except set tho brakes and
Jump for their lives.
8,000 People Present Wednes
dayTrack Record Broken
Splendid Exhibitors of Catfle3
Poultry and Farm Utensils.
The best yet! !b tho way tho peo
ple expressed themselves ns to this
year's Wayne county fair. Tho
weather was superb and could not
have been better If made to order.
There were S.00O people passed the
gates on Wednesday. This was a
record breaking crowd. Evorv de-
record-breaking crowd. Every depart
ment, oi tue lair was well conducted
grntulated for tho ability and labor
which they displayed In their efforts
to please nnd interest the public.
Rotton How was, as usual, a blot on
the mnp, and many people expressed
their surprise that demoralizing
shows should be nllowed on tho
ground. The space occupied by them
could bo used by exhibitions of a
character that could bo visited by
women and children ns well as men,
and the features of which would be
elevating, Instructive, entertaining
and amusing. It is a mistnkon Idea
that Wayne county people desire to
have set out before them such a lot
of monstrosities as were to be seen
on the "Slum Avenue" of the fair
Tho Industrial exhibits were of a
high order, and the tents of Spetti
gue, Murray Co., and Erk Bros, were
thronged all day with Interested visi
tors who examined stoves, wagons,
farmers' utensils, gasoline engines
and other articles which are useful
on the farm. The large exhibition
building was occupied by the Piano
dealers. Mclntyre, the piano man,
and Jenkins, the music man, made
good displays of pianos, organs and
other musical Instruments. The
State College had an exhibit and it
was so noteworthy that we have de
voted a much larger space elsewhere
than we could here. The stock dis
play was a source of great Interest
to the farmers who are given to
stock raising and the display was a
most excelent one and shows that
Wayne county farmers are keeping
pace with the times in this depart
ment of ihe farm. The poultry show
was a purely Wayne county exhibit
and while there were fewer birds
than last year (because outside ex
hibits were not present) the quality
was much better and proves that the
standard of breeding Is becoming
higher and we predict Wayne county
birds will take a few prizes in other
fairs. The upper part of tho main
building was devoted to Industries
of the home and there were displays
of numerous kinds which reflected
great credit upon tho wives and house
maids of our county for their skill
and deftness In the many lines which
go to make our homes and our life
pleasant and enjoyable. The display
of the products of the farm were
grand and show that the soil of
Wayne has potentialities which, if
properly utilized, would outdo the
much-boasted land of the west.
Wayne counteans can be proud of
what has been revealed to them at
this year's fair of the wealth that
Is hidden in Wayne county soil and
only needs intelligent perseverance
to enrich her people.
The racing at the fair was the best
known In the history of its existence.
The record of 2.1C which was held
by "Mocking Girl," owned by Charles
May Rival Lexow Committee
Photo by American Press Association.
Ono of tho most interesting investigations over held In Now York nnd one
which is liable to bo continued for several months is that being couducted by
the committee named by tho legislature of the state. Daily accounts of the
probing being done by-the commltteo aro read by thousands, nud some declare
that before their task Is completed tho committee's work will rival that of the
famous Lexow investigation. The members of tho commltteo shown in tho
picture, rending from left to right, are: Assemblyman Toombs, Charles It.
notnllng (sergeaut-at-arms), George M. Shotwell (stenographer), Assemblyman
Young, Assemblyman Colne, Assemblyman Foley, Senator Wagner, Walter
Moses (secretary), Assemblyman Merrltt (chairman) and Senator Allen.
Adams of Moscow, was broken by
Polk Hornbeck's horse, "Jnck of
Diamonds," driven by .1. W. Wilcox
of Deposit, N. Y., who hung up the
record of 2.13 for the mile, n most
remarkable performance on a half
milt; track. Patsy Dillon, another
Wayne county horse, won every heat
In which ho was entered.
(First Itacc, 2.33 class).
Alice Itlley, ch. m., Dr. L. G.
Marshall, Towandn 2 2 2 3 3
night of Way, hr. h Geo.
W. Dunn, Scranton 3 112 2
Dan Axwary, I. M. Sherwood,
Jermyn, Pa. 44444
Ralph Burns, Clark and Pat
terson, Honesdaie, Pa. 13 3 11
Time 2.26; 2.24; 2.2514;
2.24 M; 2.25.
(Second Race 2.17 class.)
Patsy Dillon, J. K. Hornbeck,
Equinunk, Pa. Ill
Russell Dunn, b. g., Dr. Sny
der, Dunmore, Pa. 3 4 3
Brighton, s. g., P. A. Sher
wood, Jermyn, Pa. 5 3 5
Jim Farley, g. g., F. H. Os-
born, Monticello, N. Y. 4 5 2
May Girl, s. m., Clark and
Patterson, Honesdaie. 2 2 4
Time 2.23; 2.21; 2.24 y..
2.25 CLASS PURSE $200.
Patsy Dillon, J. K. Horn
beck, Equinunk, Pa. Ill
Miss Ethel, b. m., H. D. Wood,
Chester, N. Y. 3 2 2
Sylva Barge, s. m., Theobald
Bros.. Houesdale. ' 3 4 3
Delia, br. m., H. D. Wood,
Chester, N. Y. 4 5 5
Time 2.25, 2.23.
FREE-FOR-ALL PURSE $200.
Jack of Diamonds, br. h., J. K.
Hornbeck, Equinunk, Pa. Ill
Bessie Pandit, b. m., J. A.
Underwood, Elmlra, N. Y. 2 5 2
My Star, ch. g., John R. Thorn
ton, Milford, Pa. 3 3 4
Hal Exam. b. g X. C. Goff,
Mangaup Valley, N. Y. 4 2 3
Time 2.18, 2.13, 2.17.
Tho State College Agricultural Ex
hibit. One of the most interesting ex
hibits at the county fair this year
was that of the Pennsylvania State
College. This display was made in
accordance with a decision of the
faculty of that Institution, that It
would be advisable to advertise the
work of the college by having ex
hibits at the various county fairs
and to hotter acquaint tho people
with the great strides that are being
made along the lino of scientific
The display was In charge of J.
W. White and C. J. Bride, who ex
plained the various exhibits and an
swered questions as to their bearing
on practical farming. There were
bales of hay, wheat straw, rye straw,
and oat straw, with tabulated statis
tics showing how many pounds of
(Continued on Pago FIvo.)
BAD ROADS COSTLY
(J It EAT HANDICAP TO FARMERS
THEY SUFFER HEAVY LOS
SES (JETTING TIIEIK PRO
DUCTS TO MARKET OVER ILL
I KEPT ROADS LAND VALUES
Two hundred nnd fifty million
dollars n year are wasted od had
roads In tho United States. Added
( to loss on haul, the storage and ex
I tra food rates make tho total ex
pense $1,000,000,000 a year. This
means a tnx of $12.50 on every
man, woman and child In the coun
try. Corners In the grain markets
are frequently the 'direct result of
bad roads. In four bnd road States
375,000 people out of 7,000,000 can
not rend or write. In four good
road states out of C.000,000 popu
lation there are 20,000 Illiterates.
Do good roads concern you? If you
are one of tho 30,000,000 people who
live on fnrms in tho United States It
is a fairly safe guess that you know
something about bad roads, even If
you do not know and have never
chanced to cross the 7 per cent, of
Improved roads of the total 2,000,
000 miles of highway In the United
America's country roads are so
notoriously bad that It costs more
to haul a ton of wheat from farm to
market than to ship that ton from
New York to Liverpool. America's
country roads are so bad that It
costs tho American farmer 23 cents
to haul a ton when It costs tho Eng
lish or the Belgian or the French
or the German farmer only from 7
to 9 cents for the same haul. You,
Mr. Town Man, and you, Mr. Farm
er, pay for the unnecessary waste of
those bad roads, the town man by
extra cost of what he eats, the farm
er by lessened pounds on what he
sells. The same reason explains why
the town man pays $1.25 in spring
for potatoes which cost from 50 to
75 cents In the autumn.
The Interstate commerce report
shows that the railroads yearly haul
2G5, 000,000 tons of farm produce
and that the average haul from farm
to market for the whole country Is
nine and a fraction miles. Put the
cost of hauling at a round $2 a ton
for the nine miles and you have tho
cost of hauling farm produce at a
round half billion dollars a year.
Half that cost is waste, solely .owing
to bad. roads.
The charge to haul wheat to New
York, to Liverpool, 3,100 miles, Is
3.5 cents per bushel. The charge to
haul a bushel of wheat from farm
to market, 9.4 miles, Is 5.11 cents.
The storage on wheat at water fronts
Is 9 cents a bushel a year.
The results of b'ad roads are year
ly tolls of $12.50 against every per
son who eats farm produce. That
yearly waste wo'uld build 200,000
miles of A No. 1 macadam roads every
year, basing the cost at the very
highest average of $5,000 a mile.
The beauty of the relentless scheme
of things Is when we mend our ways
In this case, mend our roads
nature not only wipes out the de
ficit, but she puts a plus to the ac
count where there used to be a
minus. Supposing of the 2,000,000
miles of roads in the United States
all wero improved Instead of only 7
per cent., what would be the result
to farmer and consumer? First of
all, the big deficit of waste on haul,
on storage, on cornered prices, wip
ed out! The minus goes off the na
tional slate and the plus come on.
The good road moves the remotest
farm right next to the market. A
farm twenty miles from the market
on an all tho year round good road
Is nearer market than n farm seven
miles away on a bad road. Truck
farmers In Now Jersey and Long
Island can haul their produce to mar
get, thirty miles, cheaper than they
can ship by railroad, and that pro
duce "nets, nccordlng to well known
averages, as follows:
Fruit, $80 per acre; flowers, $2,
000 per aero; corn, $8 per acre;
wheat, $7 per acre; oats, $7 per
acre; vegetables, $42 per acre.
Out in tho Dakotas and Minnesota
and Manitoba farmers haul their
produce thirty or forty miles, but
they can haul it only when tho roads
aro dry In the early fall, and at that
season tho price is lowest. Tho farm
er along tho good road can command
tho best price by hauling only when
tho price Is best, nnd he can also
raise tho produco that gives tho big
gest net returns. If you would learn
why a wholo family can Hvo, nnd live
well, off nn aero In Holland and Bel
glum and France when a fntully of
ten falls to Hvo well off 1C0 acres
With good roads Dakota farmers
who under present conditions drive
hub deep In gumbo mud during
spring could market their crops when
prices ruled the highest. Instoad of
selling their wheat at 70 and 80
cents In the fall thoy could soli it at
$1 during the winter nnd In the
spring. An additional prlco of even
25 cents a bushol would mean $15,
000,000 more in 'tho pockets of tho
Minnesota farmers, n similar amount
to tho farmers of tho Dakotns and to
the wheat farmers of tho Pacific
Now York farmors do not raise
vegetables In quantities because un
til recently roads did not permit
them to market such a perlshablo
product in quantities. This holds
good In Now England. Tho satno
condition exists in U10 cow country
nnd tho grain country. Potatoes and
onions your Dakota farmer can mar
kot in quantities. Theroforo ho
rnlses them, but becauso bad roads
cut him off from tho market half tho
year he does not raise tho more per
ishable vegetables!wVegetables ho
buys from California at fancy prices,
nnotlior tnx for bad roads. In fact,
owing to bnd roads, there have been
seasons when New Yorkers wero
(paying $1 a bushel for their pota
1 toes and western fnrmers were glad
I to Bell them at 15 cents for pig feed
i and starch.
I With access to market the best
ruling prices, net returns Increase
! nnd farm lands Jump In value. It
is nn actual fact wherever good roads
have gone land has Increased In val
uo from $2 to $9 an acre. In Jack
son county, Ala., a bond Issue of
$250,000 built 125 miles of maca
dam road. The selling price of land
was from $G to $15 before tho road
was built. On the completion lnnd
values went tip from $15 to $25.
He Will Assume Gubernatorial
Offico When Gov. Hughes Quits.
Albany, N. Y., Oct 5. At the end of
this week (here wlU bo n new gov
ernor of tho stnte of New York In tho
person of Lieutenant Governor White,
who will take the oath of office.
His ascension to the position of chief
executive of the Empire Stnte will
follow tho resignation from otllce of
Governor Charles E.. Hughes. The
latter will retire to take a place on
the bench of the United States su
preme court to -which he was appoint
ed a few months ago by President
Taft. He will leave Albany next week
for Washington to assume his new
WAYNE COUNTY TEACHERS
Program of the Wayne County
Teachers' association to be held at
South Canaan Oct. 15, 1910:
The morning session will he call
ed to order at 10 o'clock.
Inaugural address and "My Trip
to the Pacific," Mrs. Alma J. G. Dix.
"A Round Table of Travel," Prof.
H. A. Oday, Carrie Stephens, Edith
Swift, Millie A. Menner. Alice Z.
Gregory, Anna Seaman, Miss Jennie
Lee, Mrs. W. A. Sluman, Edith Tol
ley, Amy Clark.
"Becoming Acquainted with Wayne
County," Theresa B. Soete.
Report of the committee on stand
ardizing the High school. Prof. Mark
1.15 p. m. "What may we rea
sonably expect of pupils entering the
High school?" Charles E. Mnrtz.
Discussion Prof. H. A. Oday, W.
"Some Things Teachers Should
Not Do," Prof. J. H. Kennedy.
"Are our Schools Meeting the De
mands of the Community?" Supt. J.
CLARA A. ECK,
PENNSYLVANIA LIKES SCHEME.
Thirty-four Pennsylvania Postmasters
nud Ono Hundred and Two
Bunks Have Applied for
As an evidence of Interest In the
establishment of tho proposed postal
sayings bank system, 300 postmast
ers and 923 banks have written to
Postmaster General Hitchcock. Tho
Postmasters nsked that their offices
bo designated as postal savings
banks, and tho banks requested that
they bo named as depositories for
From overy state and territory, ex
cept Arizona, Delaware, the District
of Columbia, Nevada and Rhode Is
land, applications have been made
by postmasters, and only Nevada,
Delaware and Utah bankers have
failed to ask for doposlts from the
fund to bo accumulated. Only Dela
ware and Nevada havo failed to bo
represented by either postmasters or
banks in tho making of such re
quests. The greatest lntorest in the new
Institution has been shown In the
state of Pennsylvania, whence catno
34 requests from postmasters nnd 102
requests from banks. Among tho
southern stntes, Texas takes the lead
in tho matter of Interest In the new
system, 30 postmasters and 39 banks
of that stato having written to Mr.
Hitchcock In reference to the now
MISS HARDENBERGH. teacher
of piano, theory and harmony.
Tortus and particulars upon request.
Address 309, 14th street. 71tC
Remember tho 2Sth Arbor day.