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THE CITIZEN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER g, 1912.
SIN YAT SEN TELLS THE
Gives If In the Form of an China Will Remain a Repub
Address to the American lie at "Whatever Cost
IN answer to the flood of misrepre
sentations concerning tlie Chinese
republic, Dr. Sun Ynt Sen, the
mini who really founded the re
public find who was its first provlslonnl
president, recently gnve out nn address
to tho American people through the
columns of tho New York Sun. Dr.
Sun said in part:
"While olllclally I am not compelled
to spenk of Chinese affairs and can
iu no direct sense bo a mouthpiece for
the government of the republic, I feel
that it is my bouuden duty to siettk
quite fully regarding matters in which
I am deeply concerned to the end that
certain misunderstandings prejudicial
UJt'Jl t (Til.
"Perhaps I would not feel this Justi
fication were It not for the fact that
with my own eyes I have read In
American and Hrltlsh lournnls mniiv
m!sf ntnmnnf nf fnpfr. nnrtlrnlnrlt- r,-
head and heads of the Chinese govern-
mnnf nnM nf nnWnln fnPMnna nf tuv
"The relations between President
luan and myself are personally very
,-. ,1 Ul T 4- I,. M. 41, 4- .1 ,- -
Ilflll 1 1 I IMMIIITH 111 I 1 1 1 1 1 1 ( IIIIIII'V. III1I
"I believe I enn safely sny Hint upon
onriors In Pliinn nrn nf nnn ml nil thn
nis mnv do nttniiioii is mmo nnntnor
Uilvllli; lOl till' UIll iULHUUriUllS UUll
"Xo ono thinks of n civil voir In tlie
'nuoi St n toe s mil v hnnnnso Mr "nfr.
nnli tf 4 linen frontmmn la onpritliilr
I II UC . UIL'l 11 .III II 11(1 1 II iriUL III II
mnn wlilfuli flint (Hcnf ron ffnllT
"May it not be so in China?
"I have but within a few hours ro
omed irom u visn 10 1110 cnnuni. me
e credited. I hardly dared visit be-
;i 11.1- ill iiii iiHrMiiii.'ii ii:iniri.r wfimii
hat such Ideas should bo published
irondeast Great injury is thus done
iur country and the cause for which
nvnn (i tfnmnnL' in t i i Tfio rr run
Will Be No Civil War.
"During my visit to President Yuan
told him very frankly my Ideas upon
nany important matters that were
hen to the fore. We discussed at
eugth the six power loan, as It had
)een called, nnd the terms upon which
t shouhl bo made and accepted. We
ilso went into tho mutter of the relief
if distress, tho organization of polltl-
tii mi ina. iiiu itruwuu ul Willi nu
nee to the people, the disposal of gov
rnrucnt mines and lands, the project
if opening vast tracts of agricultural
ands for settlement and other mat
ers of Import
"At that time President Yuan gave
mt a very complete statement of his
I'liltn ltta ovrmkccnil nnlnlnnu lr awi lila
iwn they embodied very largely my
wn views on the various topics.
"I wish to go on record once and
or an as saying tnat m spito or tiio
.fforts, past or future, of the enemies
if the Chinese republic there will be
10 civil war In our country. China
ms been credited with having been a
sleeping nation' for centuries, and In
1 certain sense In many senses, In
'act the phrase lias been correctly
ippllcd. But our enemies must not
ount too confidently upon China being
isleep today Her leaders nro nwnke
o me needs 01 ner iieoiuo. xo uie can
if the twentieth century, to the hopes
md ambitions of tho present.
"Wo understand too well that there
ire certain men of power not to In-
ude for tho present certain nations
ho would view with a greater or
esser satisfaction an Internal rupturo
n the new republic. They would wel-
;gns a civil wnr between tho provinces
if the north and the south, Just as,
lfty years ago, thero was applause in
'nnxif In ntinftt n 1 1 n rlnnc nvni 4 ri r
erriblo civil strife In tho United States.
"Americana of today who were alive
n thoso dark days of tho great repub
Ic will remember the feelings In tho
learts of tho people tho bitter nnd
inluful thoughts that aroso from tho
:nowledge that foreigners wero hoping
md praying for tho destruction of the
"Had tho war been successful from
ho south's standpoint, and had two
cparato republics been established, Is
t not likely that perhaps half n dozen
r moro weak nations would have even
ually been established? I bellovo that
uch would liavo been tho result. And
further bellevo that with tho ono
ommercially outsiders would liavo
tenncd in sooner or later nnd made of
America their own. 1 do not believe
that I am stating this too forcibly. If
so, 1 have not read history nor studied
men and nations Intelligently.
"And 1 feel that we have Just such
enemies nbroad as the American re
public had nnd that at certain capitals
the most welcome announcement that
could be made would bo that of a re
bellion In China against tho constitut
A Unit For the Republic.
However, foreign 111 wishers rany
as well understand first and last per
haps better now that the men who
are at the forefront of Chinese nfTalrs
are a unit for the republic as estab
lished and cannot be brought, individ
ually or In factions, to oppose the on
ward march of tho Chinese nation.
Neither flattery, fear, intrigue nor gold
has power to make tho leaders of the
new China, nor any one of them, turn
hack the hopes, wishes and aspirations
of our people.
"I believe I nm voicing tho senti
ment of a united and unanimous peo
ple when I warn trouble makers, at
home or abroad, that the Chinese na
tion, has Joined tho great family of re
publics, to remain n member thereof
nt whatever cost or sacrifice.
"Let not one word which I have ut
tered be construed ns being even re
motely a hint that the China of the
new order is opposed to foreigners or
to legitimate outside Interest In tlie
country's welfare. The very opposite
is the case, for we welcome tho mis
sionaries, the men of trade nnd the
capitalists and scientists of the other
"In proof of this It may be cited that
President Yuan Shlh Kal has already
selected three eminent foreigners to
aid him In his work, one a jurist, the
second a journalist, tho other a college
professor. Another eminent man, an
American diplomat and one of China's
foremost friends, is desired for n high
post at the capital, and n formal re
quest has already been made both to
the United States government nnd to
the gentleman concerned.
"Why nro thee men desired? Sim
ply because they are men of wisdom,
who have shown In the past that un
selfishly they have the interests of
China nt heart.
"No man because of his nativity or
creed will be barred from service under
the republic. Now, nbove all times,
my country needs the aslstance of the
world's best brains. But enemies to
tho state will not be tolerated, and
upon this point tho Chinese people,
high and low, are n unit.
China's Need of Finances.
"Perhaps It Is almost superfluous for
me to sny that the most pressing need
of China today is her establishment
upon a sound financial basis. The,
country Is in need of n large sum in
order that the wheels of government
machinery may revolve -without fric
tion. Alarmists have said because the
proposed loan has not been quickly
negotiated that the republic was In dire
danger of collapse. Thero Is not a
shadow of reason for this assertion.
It is but a question of time six or
eight years perhaps that, even with
out n great national loan, tho affairs
of the country will bo upon a satisfac
tory financial basis.
"It must be remembered that while
China hns millions of very poor peo
ple (and hundreds of thousands who
nro constantly but n few days removed
from possible starvation) thero are
also millions of people capable of pay
ing taxes In amounts greater or less,
and that when the now system of tax
ation is put Into operation In all parts
of tho country the various govern
ments, city, provincial and national,
will bo well supiortod.
"Now that the country is again nt
peace, excepting in certain remote and
unimportant districts, I look for a big
Increase In commerce, domestic nnd
foreign, with consequent well being In
agriculture, manufacturing nnd the va
rious other industries. With tho peo
ple everywhere working, with peace at
north, south, east and west, tho coun
try Is bound to bo prosperous and the
government stable and substantial.
"It should bo remembered also that
China, In spito of her reputation for
poverty nnd famine, is really a very
rich country In natural resources.
Tradition, belief and superstition
through tho centuries have conserved
tho minerals of tho country, tho great
quarries of granite, marhlo and onyx
nnd tho vast forests of valuable woods
In the south nnd southwest. Experts
hnvo modo reports nnd hnvo told mo
personally that tho coal lauds still un
touched nro of a value qulto unflgura
blo, whllo tho Iron, copper nnd zinc
hills nro pronounced by Trench experts
to bo tho most promising over operated
"When It Is understood that all theso
properties, ns well as over n hundred
millions of acres of fertile agricultural
lands nro tho unquestioned property of
tho government, it enn readily bo seen
that, except for immedlato and trnn
Blent needs, tho country Is for from
belntr in a Rtntn nf Insolvency "
OCEANS TO BE JOINED
IN TWELVE MONTHS.
Plan to Have Naval Vessel Go Through
Canal Oct. 15, 1913.
In Just thirteen months n vessel will
go from the Atlantic to the Pacific
ocean through tho Pananin cnnal, ac
cording to revised estimates mndo pub
lic by tho Panama canal commission.
Oct. IS, 11113, is tho tentative date set
for tlie passage of tho first vessel
through the cnnnl. A naval vessel will
be selected for the Initial trip.
The formal opening of the cnnal will
occur on .lan. 1, 1015, it Is announced.
Commercial vessels will have Its un
restricted use In December, 1014.
That tho cnnal will be completed far
below tho estimated cost of $100,000,
000 Is reported by Colonel Ooethals.
It may run ns low as $.17.ri.O0O,O00.
About another $1,000,000 will bo saved
In bond interest charges.
The total amount of excavation work
ns estimnjed wns about 242,134,000
yards. A recent Increase of more than
10.000.000 yards In the estimates was
caused by big slides In the Obispo di
vision. The amount of excavation up
to Sept. 15 wns 218.000,000 cubic yards,
leaving approximately 21,000,000 ynrds
still to be dug. The average rate of
excavation per month is now nbout
2.5(10.000 cubic yards, nnd nil the dig
ging should be llnlshed before Sept.
The big dam. locks nnd spillways are
In various stages of completion, from
75 to SO ior cent. It Is estimated that
the Gatun locks will require about
2.000.000 cubic yards of concrete work.
The concrete work of the Pedro Miguel
locks is nearly 05 per cent completed
nnd that of tho MIra Flores locks over
02 per cent. Tho Gatun splllwny will
probably bo finished within another
month. Other engineering features
show an equally advanced stage.
LONDON TO INDIA AIR RACE.
Journey of 4,800 Miles Planned Across
Europe and Asia.
An neroplaue flight from England to
India is now under consideration, nnd
there is every prospect of the project
taking definite shape before the end of
the year. The distance along tho pro
posed route Is 4.S00 miles, nnd It is
estimated that each day's stage could
be set at -100 miles, so that tho great
journey could be completed In twelve
days, weather and other circum
In India tho proposal Is being sup
ported by a number of native princes,
Including the maharajahs of Jodhour
and Peknnlr, who have intimated their
willingness to give prizes of 3,000 ru
pees ($000) and 400 rupees (?12S) re
spectively. The begum of Rhopal also
has offered a prize of 3,000 rupees.
Tho Itoyal Geographical society has
rendered every possible assistance in
the selection of a suitable route, which
lias been laid out as follows: London
to Calais, to Ilrussels, to Cologne, along
the ithlno to Frankfort, to llntlsbon,
along tho north bank of tho Danube,
to Constantinople, to Konleh (Asia
Minor), to Clllcla, to Adann, to Alex
andretta, to Meskeno, along tho Eu
phrates, to Bagdad, along the Tigris to
Basra, across the Persian gulf to
Bushlre, along the coast to Karachi.
TABLETS FROM THE MAINE.
Government Will Give Out About 1,200
When They Are Cast.
, Acting Secretary of tho Navy "Win
throp has written to half a dozen
Bculptors in New York asking them to
Eubiuit suggestions ns to the design of
memorial tablets to bo cast from metal
tnken from tho wreck of tho battle
All tho material taken from tho
Maine which wns suitable for relics
having been disposed of, thero remain
several thousand pounds of metal, in
cluding largo quantities of brass and
bronze. It Is intended to melt this up
together nnd from tho mass cast the
tablets. It Is estimated that thero Is
metal enough for nbout 1,200 such tab
lets, which will probably bo about
eighteen or twenty inches long and
ten or twelvo Inches wide. They will
be given out to applicants in the order
In which requests nre received, the re
ceivers of the tablets paying the cost
of making the plates. It Is believed
this cost will bo very small, probably
less thnn ?..
Tho tablets will hnvo Inscribed on
them tho chief facts In tlie history of
the Malno nnd the statement that they
ire composed of metal from the ship.
HEARTBEATS BY WIRE.
Harvard Physicians Test a Device For
Electrical Record of Pulse.
A dovlco to cnnblo physicians to keep
In touch with n patient's pulse though
he 1)0 miles away is on trial nt the
Harvard Medical school. A similar
dovlco has been employed In tho Lon
don Medical college.
After electrical connections have
been mndo tho patient's hand Is placed
In a solution of warm salt water and
electric currents from tho hand nro
carried by wires to an instrument
which records tho heartbeats.
"It Is now possible," says Dr. Tercy
13. Urown, X my expert of Harvard,
"for a physlclnn to note tho henrtbont
of a patient who may bo hundreds of
miles nwny. In fact, ho con study tho
heart action of a man on tho other sldo
of tho world. Uy this electrical dovlco
can bo recorded ovcry movement of
tho heart nud tho muscles nbout the
Jtcart nt any distance, through a sys
tem of relays similar to that used in
GHOST STORY FROM AUSTIN
Spook Appeared About n Year Be
fore Big Dam Broke on Septem
ber ISO Lust.
" September 30 was tho first anni
versary of the Austin flood, which
destroyed tho iPotter county town
and drowned many of Its inhabi
tants," says tho Clinton County
Times. " It is known that tho peo
ple of Austin had a scare early In tho
spring when the high water and
pressuro moved tho dam a fow In
ches from its foundation, and tho
residents took to tho nills where
they remained all night and part of
tho next day until the water receded.
But it is not generally known that
tho residents had another scare
shortly beforo this when a ghost ap
peared that frightened some of tho
people and was the talk of tho town.
" Whllo tho people were on the
hillside a young man came to Lock
Haven to report tho situation to his
sister, who, with her family, were
much unstrung and worried because
all kinds of rumors were heard. One
rumor afloat had it that the dam had
broken with horrible results. The
young man called on the writer be
foro returning to Austin and told
about his and the other folks who
were on the hill In the chilly rain
expecting tho big dam to break at
any moment nnd the rushing water
to carry away their houses, stores
and other buildings before their eyes.
Beforo leaving he mentioned the
I ghost and related a few words of the
ghostly tales that were tho talk of
the town until tho threatening con
dition of the dam seemingly scared
away the ghost and the talk.
" In tho railroad and on and off
tho cars were the places the ghost
haunted and frightened tho railroad
ers with its queer and spooky ac
tions. It wns a very tall man ghost,
dressed in black that would appear
and disappear mysteriously, and no
questions asked, for those who saw
It did not caro to ask questions or its
g 0QQD!IIQI33l3QKa30QQQiaQDmmilQQ0QIQ El
iviauea 10 any aa-
dress in Wayne or ad
joining Counties upon
receipt of 6 cents.
HEEEHHHEIEI HH EHHEDEHEH HQ 0HH0I3HLT1LT1 EDE1
From Providence Journal,
business. Tho railroad men natur
ally felt uneasy or scared with a
ghost riding their cars and none of
them attempted to put it off when
they saw It crawling between and
running over tho cars.
" About a year after the arrival of
tho ghost the huge dam broke, with
tho awful result that will always bo
remembered by those who witnessed
tho horrible scenes. In their great
misfortune, following tho flood, the
Austin people who fortunately es
caped with nothing valuable but
their lives, forgot about a little thing
like a ghost; and the ghost must
have been scared out by the dam
talk or lost Its llfo In the flood.
" Tho gentleman who brought the
tales about the apparition to Lock
Haven, when tho giant dressed In
black was doing the ghost walk at
Austin, figured prominently In the
stories of the flood, as he was one
of the many heroes of the disaster.
He was a newspaper man. and toy
good luck happened to be at home
when the dam broke, and sent out
tho first news of tho catastrophe,
which was well written, considering
the situation and tho fearful story to
tell the outside world. Immediately
the newspapers and magazines had
their best writers and photographers
on tho way to Austin. The profes
sional writers and news gatherers
not told of the ghost because the
survivors of the flood were stunned
and for that reason failed to recall
what happened before the rising of
the water and breaking of the dam,
with all its Indescribable effects.
" Everybody wno escaped death in
the flood had a sad tale to tell the
correspondents, but none mentioned
the ghost. If they did, one of the
clever fellows might have begun his
story of the Hood with a ghost com
ing to Austin, and being a spirit
from the other side of life that came
to warn the people of their danger
and what was to follow; and that
nobody cared to quiz the spook. Tho
writer might have started his big
news story truthfully. Who
5 Cents Each
THE REMAINING 30 LESSONS.
in your fomlly you of course call
a reliable physician. Don't stop
at that; have his prescriptions
put up at a reliable pharmacy,
even if it is a little farther from
your home than some other etoro.
You can find no more reliable
store thnn ours. It would be im
possible for more care to be taken
in tlie selection of drugs, etc., or
in tho compounding. Prescrip
tions brought here, either night
or dny, will be promptly nnd
accurately compounded by a
competent registered pharmacist
and the prices will be most rea
sonable. O. T, CHAMBERS,
Opp. D. A H. Station. Honfsdalk. Pa.
1 MARTIN CAUFIELD 1
jj Designer and Man-
n ufacturer of
I Office and Works;
J 1036 MAIN ST.
Estate of Fletcher Gilpin, M. D., lato
' of Sterling, deceased.
I All persons Indebted to said estate
are notified to make Immediate pay
ment to tho undersigned, and thoso
having claims against the said es
tate aro notified to present thes:
1 duly attested for settlement.
i Mrs. Libbio Gilpin, executrix of the
estate of Fletcher Gilpin, M. D., by
Friena B. Gilpin, attorney.
US North Ave., West, Cranford,
N. J., Aug. 28. 1912. TOeoiC.