Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, FRIDAY, OCTOBER n, 1912.
AMERICAN ARMY IS
BEHIND IN AVIATION ii
Captain Beck Finds Efficient
School and Radical
:m tho infantry ..ournnl, published
In Washington by the oillcers of
tlio Infantry orm of the United
States army, Captain Paul W.
lck of till Kpvpntoonth Infnntrt- nn
- " - - - t
iiiimri illinium in Trim pniin Trr
"From a military standpoint." Cap-
w in i vn i ii t nrna ni mrnnr urn it a ir
111 lia HCnil r mi fwr a i I rllciunntlnniA
Sgresslvely against an onomy; It can
OPOKsarv Mlintllli. Junr linw fnr If
ill i ushm 111 pnoii nr rnnni. rifiuia
uui rciuuvo imponanco inosc tnrce
lese uses, remain to bo demonstrated
actual conflict Meanwhile It la
ie uuty oi me army 10 investigate on
iitin mi.rir w in n iiqtp rn irnfnmnin.
lull In tlmo nf vrnr."
Cnntaln Beck at the outset elvps
11111 ue icrms leu nvinuon axioms,
...... .. . , . . . . . i. . i vi.V.UVCa V 1
I II. . I ,
ucsc axioms arc as ronows:
pe for military success In tho event of
is tuuru me luurcn nnn.
u li.iu.o. uuui ui v.uuiu Hiiuuiti in irmn-
observers. From tho naturo of their
uvu ii lunuwa umi iney must oom ie
hlrri Tni nfnrr. nnil men lrhn
..V . ..U
nvlnflnn chnnlil .ntiA nw.n ... . j
...... . ......... . L v. 1 1 "-All I. i L' J 1IMU
made lor Indefinite periods of time.
liiiry 1 viul in Kiiffins n rn nmniv ..Al
ary to progress, and such experta can-
ue ucveiODeu In Ires than thrni. v.nr.
icii ueveiopca uiey snomu IX! Kept on
amy unin iney ceaso to Do or worth
the service or until they request relief.
11 in. a permanent organization Is e
tlil to success; a permanent personnel
primn in rpfiiiir in innno'ivii m.ruinn
In future years.
xin. r.o omcer or man should bo de
ed tO aviation rltlfV until n luinrH nf
Ual Illera snail h.avn finnrnvrfl fhn rx
'Vlinth Tllftrn ahntiU 1. . . I. . ... .
sioio nersons lntorvnninfF' hnttfa.n t.
lial military Dllotfl anil th Mtmrom
imander as Is compatible with military
llnlstratlon. In England only filers
e a voice In administrative work of
IBhth -Tho duties are esaentlallv mill.
in ineir cuaracter. For this reason
aro penormed universally br Una of-
rs. uwinc to tfioir diversity ih. i.
are performed by all branches of the
. In America It will bo well to Include
staff corps for obvious reasons.
Inth, Actual military rank has noth-
to do with airmanship. Instructors
master pilots are frequently Junior to
ie whom they instruct or command as
nth T? Minimis nn l V. . . I
tlve uniforms, bail 1TPH il.rnpiitlini
is universally considered as the rleht
bese air men.
mnnrtanrtp nf "VnnrtVi Ann
tptaln Heck refers to France, Gcr
ly, England, Itussla and Austria aa
idr tho nations that realize the lin
ance of the "fourth arm." Amer-
alone of tho ereat nowora lins fnli.wl
axiom 2 Captain Beck savs that
tary reconnolssance will necessltato
Ime of war lllghta of from one to
hours' duration and the two nllots
lid be commissioned oillcers of abil
one of whom must be able to oper
the "machine guns or rifles with
tors and observers he argues for
.11.. . ...
:n equipped scnooi or aviation to be
ered entirely by oillcers of the
Ve must breed a corps of military
rts," Captain Beck says in his nr-
"J.lrae alone can do this. Civil-
cunHiruciors, uowever wen uis-
., luiuiui prouuee me type or types
eropianes which we need for mill-
purposes. It would bo foolish
srinnt- tlmm tr An. rri a.
w n. v u vv uiy nj. iiiirv 1111111111
bly know what -wo want Havlni;
VruJ f rntn tn.1l.
d needs, we will still require ex
1 to work out the military features
here will grow up two distinct
S 01 UVlUir innn in tlln nrrnv nno
0 UI) Of men WM nro mnklnrr n Hf
: of it, tho other of men who wish
am to fly In order to bo of use in
of war. According to tho conclu-
i Or tllft Mrltltili ivnr nfllno If inlion
' ' . . v.MV. V
years to develop a capablo mill
aviator. That being accepted as
as it probably la. will mean Mint
years Is the minimum timo during
li ati oulcer will remain on the
. Hut our instructore and expert-
allsta must rnnttnnn nn Mm m-.
... . .
in- h iiii.v iir-M fir u'nni in n...-
Orville Wright had until the re
death of the former flown con
usly since 1005. Glenn Curtlaa
n -ww -wvu wuia.uu ui
.' men, there nro uono in America
Moro Officers, Better Pay and
who stand out prominently ns lavostl
gntoro lu thlx flold. By this stntomcut
thoro U meant no reflection on Pro
fessor Montgomory, Dr. Iaruzloy and
n hout of others who made posnlblo the
work of the Wrights and Curtis.
"It Is simply stated ns a fact that
efficient work In constructing la only
poRslblo when tho constructor U also
an ablo filer. This Is acknowledged
abroad, whero Henri and Maurico
Fnrmnn, Blerlot, Paulhan, Grahama
White and Nleuport (tbo last uainod
now decoannl) lmvo doveloicd tho
leading auroplane of the world. Bomo
few other xuccessful constructor liar
used mich prf-emlucntly able nvlator
as Vedrlnos, Garros und Beaumont as
collnlmratcirs, but it comeu to tho same
end export nvlators are essential to
expert construction. The sclouco la
yet too young for tin to determine Just
how long u man should continue to
fly. Indeed, this period will always
vary with tho Individual, but it ap
pears to be very clear to me that ex
port filers will be of great use in mili
tary aeroplane designing and construc
tion for some time after they actually
cease to fly.
Four Year Eule Wrong;.
"In the four year detail rule of our
army for aviation service we aro mnk
lng a grave error at the present tlmo.
Every one of the eminent constructors
named above still continues to fly des
pite the popular fallacious belief to
tho contrary. They no Iongor appear
In public exhibitions, but they still fly
for tho purpose of demonstrating the
worth or tiHelcssncss of new dovicos
or principles of flirjht. Their work is
the most dangerous of any despite tho
fact that It is not In tho limelight.
"Until we develop such men In onr
army wo cannot bono, to ntrnln flint
ciUcIoncy which the lmportanco of tho
subject demand. This four year de
tail rule lias resulted In separating the
writer from aviation in our sorvlce.
Should the conferees' renort on tho
army appropriation bill go through as
drafted It will result In the elimina
tion of one other officer from the work
in less than another year. The officer
affected will be on the point of becom
ing highly valuable to the scrvlco at
tho time of relief. Both officers Indi
cated should In tho law of chanco bo
of worth for at least four years be
yond the date of relief. So long as
this rule operates we will not havo an
efficient nvlatlon corps.
"No line officer can for a mlnuto
deny that tlio detail system for staff
work la an advantage to the lino.
Aviation belongs to the line. It is part
of tho lino. Tho only reason I do not
plead for a permanent personnel Is the
fact that tho very naturo of tho work
requires young men. Wo must seek
to keep these men young, but wo must
not forgot that tho corps Is perma
nent and not only Is It permanent,
but it is a separate, distinct part of
the line; it Is a fourth arm."
Captain Beck summarizes tho wholo
under tho caption "A Logical Btate
ment of Aviation Needs." Those needs
are an aviation school, an lnci an In
tho number of officers assigned to
uenai WOrK. tlie co-onorntlrm nf tho
nvlatlon and nrmy line schools at Fort
ieavenworui, increased pay for offi
cers and men, provision for tho do
pendents of those who
"fourth nrxn." dlstlnirulRhlntr nnlfnrma
and badges for those of tho service,
uetau to squad to be mado only upon
recommendation of a nronorir nnnii.
fled board of aviators, to make all do-
taiiB inueterminate and the proper sta
tloning of the aviators In tho various
Republican Party Will Gain
DESERTERS Will GOME BACK.
MILLIONS FOR MOVING CROPS.
Treasury May Put From $25,000,000 to
$50,000,000 In Country Banks.
To prevent moncv strlnc-onrv ii.-inn.
tho moving of tho liumnur
fall tho officials of tho treasury depart-
mem are considering making deposit!
of from f 25,000,000 to $50,000,000
among tne banks In tho farming re
gions out of the surplus money In tho
Tho secretary of tlio treasury has
ample authority to exerciso his discre
tion whenever a stringency Is threat
ened, and it Is tho opinion of treasury
officials that tho record breaking crops
this year will requiro moro money to
harvest and market than can bo pro
vided by the banks in tho great agrlcul
tural states of tho west without forcing
oppressively high loaning rates in tho
Tho banks doing business in tho
fanning sections, reflecting tho great
prosperity of their patrons, havo sur
plus funds on deposit in tho east and
lu tho large cities of tho west for loan
ing purposes. Most if not all of these
funds must bo withdrawn to move tho
crops, and even then thero will not bo
enough money, tho treasury officials
Department 8tor In Hongkong.
Chineso merchants trained In Aus
tralia havo successfully Introduced Ja
Hongkong department stores on the
But When They Do Lei Them Bring
Forth "Works Meet For Repentance."
Republicans Have Made the Grandeur
of the Country For Sixty Years,
Tho nddress of President Taft to the
Beverly Ilepubllcnu club, Beverly,
Mass., Sept. 80 was as follows:
Gentlemen of the Beverly Repub
lican club and, I am glad to say, my
fellow citizens Xif Beverly, I thank
you for this cordial greeting. This
club suggests one or two thoughts of a
political character that I did not touch
upon in the remarks I addressed to
you on Saturday. It suggests tho ne
cessity for renewed organization of tho
Republican party under present condi
tions. The Republican party has been
successful for many years. 1 think
the last natlouiil defeat we suffered
was in 1S92. and thnt Is twenty years
ago. We havo reached a point where
It was natural that there should be
some gentlemen who were convinced
thnt their position In the party was
not nil that they thought they were
entitled to hnve It and therefore they
were In favor of sloughing off into n
third party. Now, tho danger In the
continuance In power for a long time
to the party Itself is the Jealousies, the
factious, tho quarrels within tlio party
that long life and success are apt to
generate, and, while, of course, a third
party Is a misfortune to tho Repub
lican part', in the loss of some votes.
we must bo philosophical and look at
this result on Its pood side ns well as
on Its bad side.
I conceive In respect of tho life of
the Republican party that secession of
a third party Is going to give us now
vitality In the very feeling of fight that
the injustice of the claims of the third
party will arouse In us as real Repub
licans. We know that we are a better
set of men than we are now called by
those who were very glad at one time
to be known as leading Republicans.
We know that we stand In tho nation
as the guardian of those Institutions of
civil liberty under our constitution, the
preservation of which hns made this
nation permanent and great, and that
nothing could como to this country of
greater political injury than such n
split in tho Republican party as would
Tho importance of this campaign in
Its immediate result is great. I could
hardly state with more emphasis than
I really believe the crisis that we now
face with reference to the contlnunnce
of prosperity in this country by reason
of the vote that wo are to have In No
vember, but thero is something beyond
November with respect to the Republi
can party. It Is essential that we
should continue and revitalize It ns a
permanent party and a permanent
force in this nation for the continuance
of tho progress that has made it great.
No student of history can deny that
the grandeur of this nation and the
height that it has reached among na
tions during tho last sixty years has
been due to tho guidance and the force
and the energy and enterprise of the
Republican party. We propose to have
that continue. Wo propose that the
force represented by tho Republican
party shall continue useful in the his
tory of this nation. With that in mlud,
I would urge upon you tho necessity
for closing up tho ranks, finding out
who is n Republican, and who 13 not,
and when you find a man who Is not.
do not count him in the party. One
who is not loynl never helps.
There Is no use, gentlemen, temporiz
ing about this matter. A man is a Re
publican or he is not Is ho going to
support tho national ticket, nnd Is he
going to support tho stnto ticket? If
he Is ho Is a Republican, nnd If ho is
not ho is not n Republican. Now, such
a policy may cost us some votes, but in
the not distant future these gentlemen
who have deserted us in tho hope of
enjoying office, on the ono hnnd, or n
millennium, on the otlicr, will And
themselves without office, millennium
or party. They will feel n bit lonely,
nnd then when they como back to tho
Republican party, ns they will como
back, let them 'como back ns Repub
licans, but bringing forth works meet
in your fnmlly you of course call
a reliable physician. Don't stop
at that; hove his prescriptions
put up at n reliable pharmacy,
even it it is a little farther from
your home thnn some other storo.
You can And no more rclinble
storo thnn ours. It would be im
possible for moro care to bo taken
in the selection of drugB, etc., or
in tho compounding. Preacrin
tions brought here, either night
or day, will be promptly and
accurately compounded by a
competent registered pharmacist
and the prices will bo most rea
sonable. O. T. CHAMBERS,
Opp. D. A II. Station, IIonssdalk. Pa.
THE NEW MODELS FOR
Designer and Man
Office and Works;
1036 MAIN ST.
Estate of Fletcher Gilpin, M. D lato
of Sterling, deceased.
All parsons indebted to said estate
are notified to make Immediate pay
ment to tho undersigned, and those
having claims against the said es
tate aro notified to present thee
duly attested for settlement.
Mrs. Libbio Gilpin, executrix of tho
ostato of Fletcher Gilpin, M. D., by
Friena D. Gilpin, attorney.
118 North Ave., West, Cranford,
N. J., Aug. 28, 1912. 70eoI6.
Menner & Go's Department Stores
H L'iiR lrs3' . :
KRAFT & CONGER
For Results Advertise in The Citizen
HHHHESEEi 001 0EBEIE1EJHH Msl EHHEBEIEail
Tho Tariff and Cotton Stockings.
Tho last Republican tariff did not in
creaso the duty on wool or woolen.
Woolen clothing and woolen cloth are
better than ten or twenty years ago
But tho duty on cotton stockings was
raised n few cents A DOZEN, nnd thero
was a great outcry.
The Importers Enid no moro cotton
stockings could bo sold hero in good
quality nt 25 or 50 cents a pair.
But tho industry is flourishing hero.
.Cotton stockings nro no higher nt re
tall, nnd, on tho otlicr hand, silk socks
aro sold at 25 cents and silk stockings
at 50 cents or less In every dry goods
storo in tho land.
Boss FUnn testifies that ho spent
H-U.S0S in influencing elections to let
tho pcoplo rule, a statement which
must prove puzzling to a foreign stu
dent of our politics.
- SECOND -
CONTAINS THE REMAINING 30 LESSONS.
Mailed to any ad
dress in Wayne or ad
joining Counties u
receipt of 6 cents.
CITIZEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
HONESDALE, P A .
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