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THE CITIZEN. WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1912.
1,700 a Day Die Unnecessa
rily In the United States.
DR. FISHER'S STATEMENT.
Yale Professor Declares That Life In
surance Companies Should Prevent
Deaths as Fire Insurance Companies
"Out of soino 1,500,000 deaths nn
mmlly In the United States, at least
(X'.O.OOO nro preventable," declared Ir
ving Fisher, professor of political econ
omy at Yale university, In his address
before the fourth national conserva
tion congress at Indianapolis. "This
means over 1.700 unnecessary deaths
per day, or more than the lives lost in
the groat Titanic disaster, which
spread a pall of gloom over the world.
The dally average death rate rarely
gets a passing comment."
As a llrst step In the great worlcs of
human conservation Professor Fisher
urged the establishment of an ade
quate system of collecting and distrib
uting vital statistics similar to the
system In use In Sweden.
"Probably the greatest hygienic
achievement of any country thus far Is
that of Sweden," said the professor,
"where the duration of life is the
longest, the mortality the least and
the Improvements the most general.
There alone can it bo said that the
chances of life have been Improved for
all ages of life.
Vitality Deteriorating Here.
"Infancy, middle age and old age to
day show a lower mortality In Sweden
than In times past, while in other coun
tries, including tho United States, al
though wo can boast of some reduc
tion In Infant mortality, tho mortality
after middle age is growing worse
and the lunato vitality of the people
Is In all probability deteriorating.
"In the United States public health
has been regarded almost exclusively
as a matter of protection against germs,
but protection against germs, while ef
fective in defending us from plague I
aud other epidemics of acute diseases,
Is almost powerless to prevent tho
chronic diseases of middle and late life.
"These maladies Brlght's disease,
heart disease, nervous breakdowns are
due primarily to unhygienic personal
"There are three great agencies to
which we must look for the saving of
human life In the future, and It has
been the object of the committee of
one hundred 011 national health, of
which I am president, to help stir these
three agencies Into nctlvlty In this
country. They aro tho public press, the
Insurance companies and tho govern
ment. Public Interest Greater.
"A few years ago popular articles on
public health wero seldom seen, because
the public and the press thought tho
subject of disease uninteresting and re
pulsive. Today, on the other hand, one
can scarcely pick up n popular maga
zine without flndlng not only one but
Koveral articles dealing with questions
of public health.
"Life Insurance companies can save
money by preventing deaths, just as
fire Insurance companies have saved
money by preventing fires and steam
boiler insurance companies have saved
money by preventing explosions.
"We need a national department of
health or n department of labor which
Bhall Include In Its operations tho con
servation of human life.
"Hut we need first of nil to do what
Bweden has done for l.r0 years name
ly, to establish proper vital statistics.
Vital statistics are the bookkeeping of
health. At prebeut only a little over
half of tho population of tho United
States has statistics on Its deaths.
"One of the most encouraging symp
toms of progress Is the great attention
which Is being paid to public health In
the present political campaign. All
three of the party platforms included
planks in behalf of public health."
DIGS UP BURIED TREASURE.
Mexican Banker Finds $75,000 In Gold
and Silver In California.
Seventy-live thousand dollars' worth
of buried treasure was unearthed by a
Mexican banker of Enscnndn, state of
Sonora, from a mountain ridge in Beul
to county, Cnl., according to a story
told by William Rogers, who says he
acted us tho Mexican's guide.
Hogers says his employer carried n
map true In every detail to tho 'topog
raphy of the section. Two Mexican
laborers accompanied tho banker and
dug out the treasure chest an Iron
bound oak affair. It was discovered
eight feet underground at the foot of
a huge oak tree. Tho treasure consist'
ed of $10,000 In sliver bullion and ?05,
000 In gold Ingots.
It Is believed tho money was burled
by a Mexican outluw named Vascpjer.,
whose band operated In that region
half a century ago.
$444,711,016 Saved For United 8tates,
It Is estimated by tho department of
tho Interior that by tho system of ni
pralslng coal lands tho government has
gaved $441,711,010 since April, 1000,
Tho geological survey appraised 1,210,
187 acres Inst month, tho value being
Secret Military Developments Too Distant as Targets, Air
Lead Army Men to ships Could Rain Bui-
Expect Them. lets Below.
AMONG army officers theso days n
reference to the "battle above
the clouds" Is nnythlng but n
historical allusion. It Is a refer-
once entirely to tho future to the very j
noar future at that when every great
battle by land or sea, they predict, will
be preceded, If not decided, by a real
battle above tho clouds. That Is tho
kind of battle they believe already
made possible by recent development;!
In aviation. The next great war, they
think, will ninkc It real. Many of them
expect to see this battle above the
clouds, and few of them hope to par
ticipate In It.
This Is n strong statement to make,
and It may well cause surprise. Hut tho
surprise comes chielly perhaps as a re
sult of n policy heretofore strange to
the history of American military
science. That Is the policy of silence,
which was adapted from the more sin
ister codes of older nations Just about
the time that travel by air began to
gain serious recognition. This explains
why the gradual improvement of the
airship and aeroplanes as flghtlug ma
chines has escaped attention at the
aerial meets, where every year records
have been steadily broken. Hut this
same secrecy In the improvement of n
potentially mighty engine of destruc
tion makes the improvement more sig
nificant. It suggests that at no dis
tant date every resource of the military
aviator may be tried to the utmost in
n battle royal the like of which has
never yet been seen.
Rival Bureaus 'at Work.
Already rival bureaus In tho war nnd
navy departments are In a neck and
neck race, the sole meaning of which Is
that the aerial lighting machine Is al
ready here. The ordnance bureau of
the navy department has already per
fected n gun designed to aim at high
angles for tho destruction of airships.
In both departments the work of Im
proving the aeroplane, both ns a scout
nnd ns a possible gun platform for serl.
nus fighting, is steadily going on.
Just before he started on the tour of
military iwsts which now engages
him Mnjor General Leonard Wood,
chief of starr. discussed military avia
tion frankly, expressing the opinion
that battles may shortly be fought In
the air and urging the need of devel
oping our flying corps. While tho gen
eral did not touch on this phase of tho
question. It Is generally recognized
that fighting airships will tend greatly
to equalize the odds against a country
witli a small standing army. This
irgumcnt was forcibly presented at
the recent peace congress In opposi
tion to a motion forbidding the use of
aerial craft In war, and It Is nn argu
ment conceded to have peculiar refer
ence to the United States, which tra
ditionally has kept tho army down to
he smallest possible peace footing.
"I wish It were possible," said Gen
eral Wood earnestly, "for every officer
In the army to take a flight In an
aeroplane with the army aviators. I
bollovo that by this means we could
obtain enough officers willing to make
life study of the great possibilities
of the aeroplane as an Instrument of
war to make this country the fore
most in the field of aviation. I am In
favor of encouraging aviation In every
possible way Just now I ain support
ing the bill pending In congress giving
array aviators a 20 per cent bonuB In
salary for I firmly believe It is not
Idle tnlk to say that future battles
may be fought In the air."
In more graphic detail tho same pos
sibility was outlined by Lieutenant
Colonel George P. Scrlven, who In tho
absence of Hrlgadler General James
Allen, the chief signal officer of tho
army, directs from Washington the op
erations of tho signal corps.
The Lewis Gun.
Tho neroplane as nn engine of
war?" echoed Colouel Scrlven when
the first question was put to him. "Of
fensive? No. Defensive? Yes. The
question of firm bases for landing nnd
tho limited fiylng range of the aero
planes at onco como In. Hut supposo
n hostile fleut off Sandy Hook, for In
stance, were to uttempt to land a force
somewhere, say, on the Jersey coast
As aeroplanes liavo already developed,
It would Iw Impossible for tho cnomy
to send a single boat ashore until thy
had literally 'cleared tho ulr.'
"I can't discuss the machlno gun tho
ordnance bureau Is working on for uso
from nlrships. Hut tho Lewis gun will
serve ns nn Illustration. That was in
vented and patented by Lieutenant
Colonel Isaac N. Lewis of tho coast
artillery, and our aviators have tried
It at College Park. It weighs only
twenty-five pounds nnd tires tho serv
ice rifle bullets nt tho rato of 750 shots
u minute, not counting the few sec
onds lost In changing cylinders. Be
sides tho man at the wheel and tho
man nt the gun and a supply of gaso
llno good for several hours In the ulr
at a rate of fifty or more miles nn
hour, the present machlno can carry
5,000 rounds of ammunition.
"That gives you tho situation. Tho
attacking fleet will conjo, of cpurso,
convoying transport. Tho docks of
the transports will bo crowded with
men, and If they atteuwtM to load
boats tho boat complements would bo
absolutely unprotected. We would have
thon a fleet of n dozen or twenty aero
planes rising from Invisible points lu
shoro and circling over the enemy.
Each aeroplane would havo Its gun
and Its 5,000 rounds of ammunition and
would flro n stream of bullets like wa
ter from a hose. They could not miss,
and tho small boats and the transport
decks would be floating shambles.
Without regard to troops that would
naturally support the airships along ;
tho shore a landing would be Impos
sible till tho enemy cleared the air."
"Would that be by gunfire from tho
decks of battleships?" he was asked.
"Impossible," he replied. "Gun car
riages have been perfected for nlmlng
straight Into the sky at a range of
some miles. Hut at a height of one
mile an aeroplane Is n mere speck
ngninst the sky. In hazy weather It Is
Invisible, and the chances of hitting
It from below nro Infinitesimal. Then
the aeroplane, shooting downward, Is
not handienpped by Its height, nnd It
can maneuver nt a level that takes It
quite out of reach of guns on the wa
ter. No; the nlr cannot be cleared from
below. The nlrships must be renched
by nlrships, and that is the problem."
As to Boml) Dropping.
American army and navy officers In
terviewed on the subject for the most
part Ignored tho use of tho neroplano
In dropping bombs, nnd one explana
tion Is perhaps to be found In the fact
that an aeroplane could hardly hope to
drop a bomb on n hostile neroplane,
though that would be its own most
dreaded enemy. Against each other,
apparently, n machine gun like tho
Lewis wenpou or the service rifle or
an ordinary revolver will be used. Tho
Lewis gun is so light that, although Its
fixed position is in a sling pointing to
ward tho earth, It can be raised to the
shoulder and fired horizontally nt an
npproaching cneiny In the air.
That apparently Is how the battles
In tho nlr will be decided. Even Pro
fessor Johann Schutte. the German in
ventor of heavy dirigibles. In n recent
Interview seemed to ndmlt tho superi
ority of the aeroplane In these nerial
skirmishes. lie told how, to protect
his heavy Dreadnought dirigibles
from the high flying aeroplanes, hcjMd
planned to mount a gun on top of his
balloon bag. The need of a gun In
that 111 balanced position, on which tho
ordinary dirigible could not support a
gun, Is considered hero one good argu
ment in favor of the aeroplane.
But the possibility of large masses
of explosives being dropped upon the
enemy, either on land or sea, has not
escaped American officers. Heports
from England that tho next war
ships to be launched by that country
would carry decks especially protected
against explosive missiles that might
be dropped by airships aroused keen
Interest hero and recalled the experi
ments of former Lieutenant Hellly
Scott In bomb dropping from nn aero
plane nt College Park. For Oils exer
cise Oie dirigible with Its steadier keel
is admittedly Oie best, but Mr. Scott
In an Astra-Wright neroplano by
means of n specially devised appara
tus recently won Oie ?5,000 MIchelln
prlzo at Paris by dropping eight bombs
In ilfty minutes within a circle Oie
size of u dirigible from n height of
Lieutenant Scott's Invention.
Among officers hi Oils country it la
pointed out Oiat if an aviator attempts
to uso bombs ngalnst nn army much
reliance may havo to bo placed nt
Omcs on Oie gun developed by the
ordnance bureau of tho uuvy depart
ment for firing from tho ground at
airships. Hut, while the dirigible can
drop a heavier bomb nnd perhaps do
so with greater accuracy Oian tho
aeroplane, It Is Itself a fur better tar
get for tho gunner below. In tho end
it Is Oiought Oint the aeropluno, which
already has managed to drop weights
of 200 pounds wlOiout overturning,
will prove Oie better from nil military
points of view. And for Oio navy it
would bo almost impossible to carry
un enormous dirigible on board ship.
Mr. Scott's success In dropping boralm
from his swiftly moving machine at a
great height Is ascribed by him to his
own invention. Tho ltiveutlon is sim
ple in Oie extreme nnd amounts prac
Ocally to nothing more than a me
chanical device for measuring accu
rately the impetus forward which tho
bomb will recelvo from the motion of
tho aeroplane. This Is ascertained by
a telescope pointing downward at an
angle varying according to tho speed
und height of Oio airship. When
Oirough tho telcscopo tho target is vis
ible Oio bomb Is released mechanically
from tho exact center of gravity of
tho craft. That disturbs tho balanco
Oie least possible, and Mr. Scott has
flhown how uccurnto it makes Oio aim.
Bombs, of course, for tho present at
least, will bo tho heavy nrtlllery of
the sklos, and tho great dirigibles will
bo Oie slow moving galleons. Hut Oio
neroplano will bo tho light cavalry,
and for the light work that will be
needed olDcera In Oio United States
are bending all Oielr efforts toward
developing Ox eoroplano.
ASSET OF NATION
DUTY OF LAWMAKERS PLAIN
Should Strive to Shelter Industry From
Destructive Competition From For
eigners and Encourage Upbuilding
of New Industries,
Tho most Imperious obligation upon
any nation Is to find for Its people em
ployment at productlvo Industry. Tho
fact that two-thirds of Oio land In Iro
land llos fallow, that one man in thirty
In the Briysh Islands Is a pauper, that
millions of people havo fled from those
shores, and Oiat England can produce
but tkreo months' supply of food for a
populaOon that ought to bo able to
feed itsolf, is Oio Incontrovertible
proof that hor economic systom Is
Man nt work is Oie most valuablo
asset of a nation. An ldlo man, con
suming without producing, burns tho
cnndlo nt both ends, and Is worso than
Individuals cannot provido condi
tions under which productive Industry
may be successfully conducted. The
law-maker must create tho conditions
The development and maintenance of
industry being vital, tho duty of Oio
law-maker Is to sheltor Industry from
destructive competition from foreign
ers and to oncourage and stimulate
the upbuilding of now Industries.
To permit hostile floets to battor
down our cities would bo loss fool
hardy than to suffer Europeans to do,
stroy tho processes by which our poo.
pie earn their bread and enrich Oio
nation, whllo thoy urge It toward In'
A Fence Around the Garden.
Tho protective tariff Is In tho nn
ture of a fenco around the garden, to
protect the worker and his product
As tho population expands and old
Industries grow fast, new Industries
must bo encouraged so as to draw off
redundant labor Into fresh channels.
Thus In 1890 wo Imported all Oio tin
plate, of which wo aro the largest
users in tho world. Twice Great Bri
tain throttled uu-protected American
ventures In On plate manufacture. In
Oio McKinley tariff we put a protec
tive duty on tin pinto. In 1891 wo
made at homo 2,000,000 pounds. In
1905 we made 1,000,000,000 pounds. In
1S91 tho British maker, having a mo
nopoly, charged Americans $5.31 for a
108-pound box of coke Bessemer On
plate. In September, 1904, tho Ameri
can mills sold tho same article for
$3.30 a box.
Who Pays the Duty?
What has Oiat duty cost tho Amer
ican consumer? Nothing! Ho has
saved millions of dollars under the
protective duty, made employment for
40,000 American workmen, and a
homo market has been provided for
large quantities of Amerlcnn material.
Tho history of tho beet sugar Indus
try runs along tho samo lines; so docs
Oiat of tho poarl button business. For
centuries worthless shellfish have
grown and perished In Oie mud of the
rivers of the Mississippi valley whllo
we bought poarl buttons by hundreds
of tons from Europe We put a protec
tive duty on pearl buttons, and lo! Oio
valueless mussols in Oie slime became
sources of wealth, and now wo beat
tho world on buttons, employ large
numbers of Amorican folk In Oio man
ufacture and add to Oie nation's
A competent tariff moans no will
fully ldlo men. A tariff with cracks
In It, a half-tariff, a tariff wlOi no mar
gin for fluctuating pricos and chang
ing conditions, muBt moan Americans
out of work because Europeans do tho
work that should bo dono nt homo.
Fortunately Oie nation adheres ton
aclously to tho right system.
CHAHLES ILEBER CLARK,
In Satarday Evening Post.
Opposed to Protection.
Mr. Wilson has proudly boasted that
he Is a Democrat, both by lnhorltanco
and conviction. That means Oiat ho Is
unalterably opposed to tho system of
protection to Amorican Industries as
devised and maintained by tho Re
Professor Wilson taught tho Oioory
of frco trade to his classes In political
economy at Princeton unlvorBlty; he
has embodied his views in print and
has denounced protection from the loc
turo platform and tho pollOcal stump.
Mr. Taft, on the other hand, has al
ways been a consistent supporter of
the prlnclplo of protection and the do
tcrmincd opponent of tho doctrine of
freo trade. The Issue between the two
Tho quesOon Is, Shall tho Ameri
can people, favored as Oioy havo been
by protection, prosperous as thoy aro
by reason of tho benefits of a protoc
tlvo tariff, abandon all theso benefits
and risk a return to tho soup houses
of tho Cleveland admlnlstraOon, by
supporting a candidate who, howover
he may shlno as a pedagogue and an
oxocutlve, Is pledged to war against
Oie protecUvo policy, to tho injury of
tie manufacturing Interests of Oils
state. That Is Oio Issue on which the
batUe must be fought In Oils nation;
Uso Issue on which by an appeal to
the Intelligent voters of this nation.
AiM'HAIHEMlSJMTS. NOUCO IS giv
en that appraisement of $300
to tho widows of tho following nam-
od decodonts havo been filed in tho
Orphnns' Court of Wayno county, and
will bo prcsentod for approval on
Monday, Oct. 28, 1912 viz:
John Bishop, PnupacK, personal.
Edwin F. Torroy, Honesdalo, per
Ira Ellsworth, Manchester, por-
Chas. W. Orchard, Berlin, per
Wm. It. Allen, Clinton, personal.
Goorgo Moyer, Texas, personal.
Gcorgo W. Buttorworth, Sterling,
II. J. Quinney, Iloncsdnle: Real
W. J. BARNES, Clork.
Honesdalo, Oct. 3, 1912.
NOTICE TO BIDDERS.
Tho Board of School Directors of
tho School District of South Canaan
Township, Wayno county, Pa., will
sell for cash to -tho highest and best
bidder a certain lot of land contain
ing two acres and cloven porchos,
situate In said township of South
Canaan, fronting tho public road
leading from South Canaan to
Honesdalo and adjoining tho Metho
dist Episcopal church property.
Bids aro Invited and will bo receiv
ed until October 31st, 1912, and will
bo opened nnd awarded at tho meet
ing of tho schood board on that date.
Tho Board reserves tho right to re
ject any and all bids presented.
Bids sealed and In writing may bo
sent to tho undersigned.
LESLIE M. CEASE, Soc'y.
Waymart, Pa. 80w3
ASK ANY HORSE t
f Sold hy daaform ercwjwftere
Tbs Atlantic Refining Company
The Leading Financial Institution of Wayne County
Wayne County Savings Bant
Capital Stock $200,000.00
Surplus and Profits 350,000.00
Total Capital 550,000.00
We aro pleased to announce to
by tho Increase of our CAPITAL
largest CAPITALIZATION of any Bank In this SECTION.
W. B. HOLMES, President H. S. SALMON, Cashier
A. T. SEARLE, Vice-President W. J. WARD, Asst. Cashier.
W. B. HOLMES A. T. SEARLE H. J. CONGER
T. iB. CLARK C. J. SMITH F. P. KIMBLE
W. F. SUYDAM H. S. SALMON E. W. GAMMELL
J. W. FARLEY
July 15, 1912.
"AYF" Your Grandfather
G. WHITE AXE
A few good seconds can be obtained at
the factory, East Honesdale, ranging in price
from 40c. to 75c. each. GEO. M. GENUNG,
F. A. HAVENS & CO,
D. & H. CO. TIilE TABLE
.... Lake Lodore
8 1 tone ,
IN THE COURT OF COMMOr
PLEAS OF 'WAYNE COUNTY.
Ilomor Lovcrass v. Daisy M. Lovolas.'j
To DAISY M. LOVBLASH: You are hercl
by required to appear In tho said Court oil
tho fourth Monday In October next, to nnsl
werthc complaint exhibited to the ludife ol
nam conn uy n. Mivciass your iiusonnis
In the cause ubove Mntcd.nr Itnlrfmilt tbcrtl
nt a decree of divorce as prayed (or In salJ
coiiipiniiii iiiiif c nimie nemim you in yntii
absence. Kit AM K V. KIM III, K, Shcri3. 1
Scarlo & Salmon, Attorneys.
Honesdalo, Pa., Sept. 20, 1912.
Lato of Honesdalo, Pa.
Ail persons indebted to said es
tato nro notified to mako lmmedlatl
payment to tho undersigned; an!
those having claltnB against the sail
cstato aro notified to present thoil
uuiy attostcd, for settlement.
C. P. SEARLE, Ex.
Honesdalo, Pa., Oct. 8, 1912.
would like to sec you If
you arc in the market!
t WARE, WATCHES,
"Guaranteed articles only sold."
Send Tho Citizen tho news.
our CUSTOMERS and FRIENDS thai
STOCK to $200,000.00 we have thJ
Sopt. 29, 1912.
P.M. P.M. A M.
2 00 11 00
12 40 8 45
4 09 7 45 8 12
9 35 2 55 7 25
8 45 -' 13 6 30
A.M. P.M. PM.
8 05 I 35 6 60
7 64 1 25 6 40
7 60 1 21 5 31
7 39 1 09 6 24
7 33 1 0J 6 18
7 25 12 66 6 11
7 19 12 61 6 06
7 17 12 49 6 04
7 12 12 43 4 68
7 09 12 40 4 65
7 06 12 36 4 61
7 01 12 32 4 47
6 68 12 29 4 44
6 65 12 26 4 40
A.M. P.M. P.M.