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THE CITIZEN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 10, 1913.
World Was Convulsed by
Wars One Hundred
II PRESENT YEAR
r By JAMES A. EDGBRTON.
CENTRXAMES will not bo so nu
merous during 1913 as In some
receut years, nbmit the only cel
ebration In America being that
of the buttle of Lake Erlo. Yet on
both sides of the Atlantic 1S13 saw Im
portant events The downfall of Na
poleon and the Invention of the loco
motive made rather blr dents In this
old world. It Is true that the little em
peror was not banished to Elba till the
following year, but the allianco against
him that doomed his ascendancy was
consummated In 1813. It is also true
that Georg Stephenson did not com
plete bis lirst traveling engine until
1814, but In- was at work on it the
year previous, so that 1813 should have
a share of the slory.
Superstitious people and who among
us Is entirely free? are not a little
nervous about a year ending in the
hoodoo burdened 13. Some one has
gone to the trouble to point out not
only the downfall of Napoleon in 1813,
but tho eclipse of the Grand Monarch,
Louis XIV., in 1T13 and other disas
ters that happened In 1013, 1513, etc.
All of this is respectfully referred to
tho various ancient history societies
and the thirteen clubs. Mcanwhllo tho
rest of us can get all the apprehensive
shivers .ut of the date that our sys
tems roqulre. There is nothing uncon
stitutional In being superstitions, oven
though most of our troubles never oc
cur. In 1S13 the population of tho United
States, us dotcrmlued at the previous
census of 1810, was 7,239,881. Eight
een states comp. sod tho Union, the
original thirteen and the following sub
sequently admitted: Vermont, which
came in during 1791; Kentucky, admit
ted in 1792; Tennessee, 1790; Ohio,
1803, and Louisiana, carvod ont of the
thon new Louisiana purchase, In 1812.
Nearly everything west of tho Alle
gheny mountains was raw frontier.
Washington was a straggling a : mud
dy country village and Now York a
city of about 100,000 population.
Not a Millionaire In the land.
Somebody has said that transporta
tion In the days of WlUlam Pitt was
but little advanced from the time of
Julius Cuesar. Outside of tho steam
boat, the same statement would apply
to 1813. Even the steamboat had not
yet como into general use, tho bulk of
ocean vessels still carrying sail. Tho
steam engine in any form was In Its
Infancy. Lights commonly In uso were
tho candle, tallow dip and pine knot
The stagecoach went lumbering over
muddy and 111 kept roads, the Indian
was a mcnaco in mont of tho land,
education was confined to tho few, and
there was not a millionaire in tho re
public. Conditions in Europe wore but Httlo
better. War was still tho chlof occu
pation of men who amounted to any
thing, and at this very time the great
est warrior since Caesar had gone
through tlie devastating retreat from
Russia and was being hedged about by
bis numerous foes and driven into a
For a decade Napoleon had practical
ly been Europe. He made Its map to
suit his whim. Tho kings ato out of
tils hand. He strode through the na
tions like an overlord, accompanied by
tho thunders of war and tho lightnings
of victory. lie preached the gospol of
the French revolution in tons so
koud that they have not yet ceased to
reverberate. He was the man of iron
that broke the nations to pieces and
rowelded tho bits Into his own personal
empire, He was both a scourge and
an evangel, a destroyer and a rebuild
er, a mighty warrior and a great execu
tive. In all hearts he, aroused extromo
passions, lien either idolatrously loved
or feared and hated him. Napoleon was
one of those prodigious figures that will
shlno through thoutaadi of years and
will bo an enigma to all of them.
Beaten by Honreaiitance.
Russia conquered Kapoloon without
fighting him. True she did meet him
at bloody Borodino, but it was not Bor
odino that gave him the fatal check
from which ho neveT recovered. He
was a victor In the battle, bat could
not overcomo the frost and starvation
that encompassed his legions. Russia
defeated this greatest of soldiers by
nonreslstanco. The retreat from Mos
cow broko not only his own grand
army, but tho spell he held over Eu
rope. After all, ho was but mortal.
The llou had fallen Into the pit, and
before he could emerge his enomlos
wero on him In a pack.
The retreat occurred In tho early
winter and Ney brought the remnants
of the grand army across the NIomen
ti December. The emperor had hur
;ed on before and wsi already back
in Paris raising another army. He was
still to win a few victories, but lacked
tho old swiftness and decision. The re
cruits had to be drllltd and this used
up precious time. Tha workman whe
fears the tool in him band does not
strike his hardest or surest blow. Es
pecially Is this true if hia work is the
carving of empires.
neartoned by th news from Russln,
Prussia mado an a Wane with the czar,
la August Austria followed suit. Till'
Napoleon Was Overthrown;
made tho formidable alliance against
Napoleon ronnlst of England. Hunsln,
Prussia. AiiKlrla and Sweden.
In the spring the emperor bad his
new armies In the field and In May
won the brittle of l.utron and Baut
zen. The crcit light at Dresden oc
curred In August. This was practlcnlly
the last of his victories. In defiance of
tho hosts gathered against him ho held
on when retreat would have been wise
generalship. Possibly he did not know
of Blncher'"! fateful movement about
his flank. It was October before tile
allies wero ready to strike, and then
"the battle of the nations" at Leipzig
sent the French army rcollng In defeat,
broke Napoleon's grasp on Europe and
a few months later sent him to Elba,
still emperor In name, but shorn of
The War of 1812.
While this war of the giants was
shaking Europe we were having our
own little fight at home. In fact, if not
In name, Napoleon was our powerful
ally, for It was because England's
handi were full at bome that we were
balanced by tho fact that the British
engaged .were veterans who had. fought
with Nelson, while our vessels were
hastily constructed and were manned
by men for the most part untried In
war. Neither Is It necessary to pass
the bromide bottle by describing the
battle of Lake Eric. In this action
Perry's feat of leaving his own dis
abled ship and going In an open boat
to another wa. quite as dramatic as his
message to General Harrison telling of
ihe result, already quoted. All of which
convinces us that the commodore was
not only n handy man In a fight, but
had histrionic ability on the side. Note
that word histrionic. It has been used
before, but Is perfectly good.
The Lake Erie Centenary.
As already suggested, we are to have
a centenary of this Lake Erie affair.
We believe one of the boats Is to be
raised for the occasion; also that a
monument to Perry Is to be dedicated
or unveiled, or something. The details
will come along In the newspapers In
due course. Suffice It to say that there
will be a celebration, with the Inev
itable oratory and doings. Erlo, Pa.,
the former Put-in-Bay, whore Perry
constructed his fleet and from whence
It sailed forth to glory, will be decided
ly on the map.
The battle of Lake Erie smashed the
British power in the west, and the Job
was completed In October by General
William Henry Harrison at tha battle
of the Thames. This was perhaps the
greatest laud victory won by the Amer
ican forc-CH, second only to that gained
by another future president. Geaeral
Andrew Jackson, at New Orleans.
On March 4. 1813, President James
Madison waa inaugurated for a second
term. It Is worthy of note that on
March 4 next, exactly 100 years later,
Large Dairy and Hay
GOOD SUMMJ2R RESORT.
Tho Buy-U-A-Homo Realty Com
pany has Juet listed one of tho finest
and best-known farms In Wayno
county. It Is located In the heart of
the summer boarding business, In
Wayne's highlands. The properly
cqnslsts of 325 acres and is well
watered both by creeks and springs.
A most beautiful natural lake, con
sisting of 15 acres, Is one o the at
tractive sheets of water In Preston
township. Ideal for tho location of
summer cottages. Tho farm Is 2
miles from the Lakewood station on
the Ontario & Western railroad,
three miles from Poyntelle on the
same road and two miles from Como.
Of the 325 acres 275 are under good
state of cultivation, consisting of
meadows, plow ground and well-wa
tered pasture fields. The balance are
in maple, beech and birch timber.
This farm is especially adapted to
raising hay and for dairying.
There are four dwellings and cot
tages upon tho premises. Dwelling
No. 1 will accommodate from 40 to
50 guests. Near this house is a nov-
er-faillng spring for domestic use,
The second cottage contains nine
rooms. Good water. Small barn
near house. Home No. 3 is a very
good seven-room cottage furnished
with water by one of the best
springs in Wayne county. Cottage
No. 4 Is near beautiful natural
spring lake, which consists of about
15 acres. The above mentioned
places aro located in an ideal sum
mer boarding district visited every
year by boarders from Philadelphia,
New York, Scranton and other cities.
Other cottages could be built on the
border of this lake.
Situated upon tho premises Is a
laundry, coal and wood house com
bined, size 20xC0 feet. The second
floor Is equipped for holding enter
The barns are as follows; Horse
barn 2Gx5G feet, with running water;
hay barn 26x36, with two cow sheds
attached 20x50 -feet. One building
with scales and wagon house with
underground stable for cows. One
good blacksmith .and carriage shop,
with second story for storage.
Chicken houses, capacity for 200.
Barn No. 4 situated near House No.
3, size 30x40 feet, two sheds for cat
tle, with good spring water. Two
other hay barns, size 26x36 feet, and
There are three apple orchards on
the farm and a small fruit orchard.
Tho property will bo sold for a
reasonable consideration and upon
Buy-U-A-Homo Realty Co.,
Jadwln Building, noncsdale, Pn.
Photos by American Press Association.
AT THE TOP IS SHOWN A P0RTEAIT OF PRESIDENT JAMES MAD
ISON AND AN EQUESTRIAN STATUE OF WILLIAM HENRY
HARRISON. AT THE BOTTOM IS A REPRODUCTION OF THE
FAMOUS PAINTING ENTITLED "PERRY'S VICTORY."
able to win the war of 1812. Even so,
we suffered some defeats on land, al
though our sea vlctorlos more than bal
anced these. The year began badly for
the Americans, our forcos having taken
Frenchtown, Canada, on Jan. 18, but
being surrounded and captured by tho
British four days later. Another Amer
ican army in April captured York, now
Toronto, but an effort to take Montreal
met with no success.
At sea tho year told another story.
Despite the fact that Britain then, as
now, was mistress of the seas, our lit
tle wooden vessels drove the mistress
out of her own watery dooryard. Two
English ships, the Resolution and the
Peacock, wore stung by the American
Hornet dnrlng tho month of February
and both captured. These were gallant
actions, and we can Imagine our great
granddaddlcs celebrating the double
victory with as much of the hard cider
and applojack as would bo left in the
cellar In February. Along in June
' came another tale of glory when the
Chesapeake captured the Shannon, and
In September occurred one moro flag
waving day when our Enterprise
brought tho British Boxor Into port.
J Perry's Victory.
, September, 1813, was a big month
for the Americans. The rejoicing over
I the Enterprise-Boxer affair was but a
faint prelude to the chorus of jubila
tion hear a all over Yankeedom when
, Perry's laconic message came down
' from Lake Erie: "We have met the
enemy, and they are ours two ships,
two brigs, one schooner and one sloop."
I Oliver nazard Perry never posed as' a
phrasomaker or a Juggler of the queen's
English, yet in that dispatch he gave
us a sentence that will be repeated as
long as there are Fourth of July ora
tors and school histories.
Into the battle that has raged over
the respective merits of Commodore
Perry and Commandant Elliott and
over the comparative strength of the
American and British ships engaged
there Is no uso of entering at this late
day. Perhaps the Americans bad the
larger force. If so It was more than
VV Jan. Term. 1913.
nyne Common Pleas: Trial List
another Princeton man, Wood row Wil
son, will go through the same cere
mony These two are the only Prince
ton men who have ever starred in this
particular role. The 1818 inaugural was
not a particularly imposing affair, al
though brilliant socially, th Immortal
Dolly being then in her element. As
the president was a studious man, moat
of these social duties devolved on Mrs.
Dolly, and It Is unanimously agreed
that she was equal to tho part.
A Noted Cabinet
Elbrldge Gerry carao In at tho same
time as vice president. The only other
thing remembered of Mr. Grry is the
gerrymander. James Monroe was sec
retary of state and for a time also sec
retary of war. Colonel Monroe was as
active as Mr. Madison was studious
and for a time was nearly the whole
administration, so far as conducting
tho war was conoorned. Albert Gal
latin was boc rotary of the treasury,
perhaps the most famous of tta secre
taries, second to Alexander Hamilton.
Those were about the only members
of tho Madison cabinet who arc re
membered to the present day. The
others were perfectly respectable men,
as cabinet members usually are, but it
takes a rather sizable figure to be seen
from a distance of 100 years.
As to the Invention of the locomotive,
two or three men were working at the
problem during this very yor 1813.
One of them finished his model, but it
did not work well, and 1ms began an
other. Georga Stephenson was an en
ginewright at the Kllllngworth col
llory and proposod to build a locomo
tive to haul tha cars over a tramroad
to tho port, nine miles distant. His
first traveling engine wm completed In
1814, as before noted, and from this be
went on to perfecting tb locomotive.
Some of thoso early engines were curi
ous affairs with cogs and upright pis
tons. Anyway, they filled tie prag
matic requirement. They workad.
Tho year that saw the double bless
ing of the fall of Napolo ud the
rUe of the railroad Is worthy trf a place
Knapp vs. Stlnnard.
Skinner vs. Dolsen.
Kordman vs. Denlo et al.
Conley vs. McKenna.
Wilcox vs. Mumford.
Hlttlnger vs. Erie R. R.
Slivka vs. Kelsey.
8 Honesdale Milling Co. vs. Kuh-
Vetter vs. Columbian Protective
Box vs. Columbian Protective
Bregstein Bros. vs. Rldway.
Jordan vs. Lake Lodore Imp,
Dexter vs. Blake.
1. Selllck vs. DeBreun.
Krelger et al. vs. Salem Twp.
Krelger vs. Salem Twp.
Wayne Concrete S. & C. Co. vs
Cortrlght vs. Kreltner et al.
Kreltner vs. Cortrlght.
Tuthill vs. Erie R. R.
Thomas vs. Norton Exrs.
Gerety vs. Columbian Protective'
Congdon vs. Columbian Protec
11 Grey et al. vs. Hudson et al.
12 Wilcox vs. Hanes.
13. Lawson vs. Weltzer.
W. J. BARNES, Cleric.
it titttti'itixi nil? til ttittttttttttt unit tixtm?t
Designer and Man
Office and Works
1036 MAIN ST.
ASK ANY HORSE (
The FARMERS and
11. E. SIMONS, President. C. A. EMERY, Cashier.
CAPITAL STOCK - - $75,000.00
Main & 10th
ANK WITH THE
rJUJJ A lib n 1 1 mn t
Thit JMtiMk lafcfcw Imhmv
9 ISWHlw IfWWMIK
It represents more stockholders than any other bank
in Wayne county.
ITS DEPOSITS HAVE EEACHED OVER THE
mark and is steadily growing with the people's confidence
and the bank's progressive yet conservative methods.
Its expense of management is limited to amount of
business; together with it's trust funds invested in bonds
and first mortgages on improved real estate assures its de
positors absolute security.
It treats its hundreds of small depositors with the
same courtesy as though their funds were deposited by one
or more persons.
This bank comes under the strict requirements of the
State banking laws as all savings banks and is frequently
visited by the Pennsylvania State bank examiner, besides
having a board of directors consisting of sixteen of Wayne
county's reliable business men and farmers.
M. B. Allen, W. H. Fowler,
George C. Abraham, W. B. Gulnnlp,
J. Sam Brown, II. J. Hanlan,
Oscar E. Bunnell, John B. Krantz,
Wm. H. Dunn, Fred W. Kreltner,
J. E. Tiffany.
G. Wm. Sell,
If. B. Simons,
George W. Tisdell,
After on absence of two years
from Hotel Wayne, during which
tlmo I leased the building to other
parties, I now desire to announce to
the public that I have again assumed
control of Hotel Wayno where I will
bo pleased to greet my former pa
trons. Hie hotel is being thoroughly
renovated and placed in first-class
condition for tho reception of guests.
Good table nccommodatlons. Special
attention given to transients. Stable
in connection with hotel.
JOHN H. WEAVER
Will Cure that Racking Cough.
A Scientific Throat and Lung Remedy which quickly allays all
Throat Irritations and permanently cures the most severe Coughs
and Colds. Prevents Pneumonia and Consumption.
Contains no nauseating drugs, it Is most palatable and especi
ally good for Children.
25c, 50c and 91.00 Bottles. Try it To-day. Delays nro Dangerous.
The BLOODINE CORPORATION, Boston, Mass.
C. C. Jadwln, Special Agent, Honesdale.
Our GOLD TABLETS if used promptly
will make short work of a cold,
O. T. CHAMBERS,
Honesdale, - Pa.
Advertise in THE CITIZEN