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THE CITIZMK, FRIDAY, JANUARY 31, 1913.
Sentiment Will Be Largely
For New Ideas-Deadlocks
By JAMES A. EDGERTON.
ONE of the fathers which one
does not matter hero compnred
the Dnlted States senate to a
saucer In which it was then the
fashion to cool one's coffee. Some of
us yet remember that custom, the cof
fee being absorbed from the saucer
with noises varying all the way from
a sigh to the rip of a crosscut saw.
Saucers have now gone out of fashion
as colToe coolers, but the senate, wheth
er out of fashion or not, is still there.
Perhaps it yet acts as a cooler of leg
islation, but lias exactly the opposite
effect on a lnrge part of the populace.
It makes them hot, in consequence of
which they have called it the "million
aires' club" and other uncomplimentary
names and have threatened to abolish
it. The only thing tangible that has
come from all these denunciations is a
constitutional nmendment now before
the states for ratification providing
that senators shall be elected by direct
vote of the people.
It is said that the senate is the last
part of the government, excepting the
by American Press Association.
JOUK W. WEEKS OP MASSACHUSETTS.
Bupreme court, to be affected by a pop
ular movement. Yet that It is so nf
fected In time is proved by the chang
ing character of the body during the
past few years. The Insurgency nnd
progressivism that overturned the
house nnd revolutionized politics In the
last presidential election have also had
their echoes in the senate. Indeed,
"echoes" is too mild a word for La
Follette, Cummins, Brlstow, Clapp,
Poindexter and others who made the
senate Insurge till the older heads rub
bed their eyes and wondered Just when
the world was coming to an end. La
Folletto and the rest are anything but
echoes. They are original voices crying
In the wilderness.
Democrats In Control.
The new senate will bo still more
progressive. In politics it will be
Democratic by an uncomfortably nar
row margin. That In itself will bo a
revolution, but more significant still
la the prospect that the progressive
element of the Democracy will control.
If they need any help La Folletto and
bis bunch arc still there.
All the new senators are not yet
elected. On Jan. 23 there were some
thing like seven deadlocks in as many
state legislatures, Involving eight or
nine senatorshlps. The situation in the
deadlocked states in brief is as fol
lows: In Illinois there aro two senators to
elect. No party has a majority in the
legislature, the progressives holding
the balance of power. The Democrats
have more votes than the regular Re
publicans and lack but a few of a ma
jority on Joint ballot Tho deadlock at
this writing is on tho election of n
speaker and the organization of tho
house. One consequence of tho mud
die is the delay of inaugurating Gov
ernor Elect Dunne and the now ad'
ministration. Lawrenco Y. Sherman
was indorsed in the Republican pri
mary for senator and James Hamilton
Lewis In tho Democratic.
The New Hampshire deadlock resem
bles that In Illinois, in so far as party
divisions aro concerned. Tho Demo
crats lack a majority, but aro more
numerous than the Republicans. The
Progressives hold tho balanco of power,
The Democrats and Progressives Joined
forces in electing tho speaker, and
there has been a persistent rumor that
they would eventually do tho same in
choosing a senator. The last ballot at
this writing resulted as follows: Hol
Hs (Dem.), 108; Pearson (Rep.), 187;
Bass (Prog.), 21.
A Bunch of Deadlocks.
In Wyoming Senator Francis E. War
ren Is a candidate for ro-clection nnd
on tho face of the returns seems to
have a fragile margin of ono or two
In tho legislature. Enough of tho Re
publicans Joined the Democrats, how
ever, to enable the coalition to organize
the house. A riotous scene ensued when
the speaker nnd speaker pro tern, both
tried to preside nt once. An effort is
being made to unseat some of the Re
Dubllcans, and If the coalition holds to
TRE NEXT SENATE
Amendment Asking Direct
Election Has Good Out
look For Success.
gether this may ho done, which would
mean Warren's defeat.
Tho Republicans control the Idaho
legislature and have already re-elected
Senator Borah, but are deadlocked
over n successor to Senator K. I. Perky,
appointed to All the vacancy caused by
the death of Senator Hcyburn. On ono
of the last ballots former Governor
James II. Brady came within three
votes of election.
The Democrats have a slim majority
In Di'laware. National Committeeman
Willurd Snulsburv, was tho caucus
nominee, whereupon four of the Kenny
Democrats bolted, in the successive
ballots Snulsbury has received twenty
five votes, whereas twenty-seven are
required to elect. The bolters say
thoy will never go to Saulsbury.
The West Virginia legislature is con
trolled by the Republicans, but a dead
lock occurred in tho attempt to organ
ize. Former Senator Elkins, son of tho
famous Senator Stephen B. Elkins, is
mentioned among other possibilities for
In New Mexico Senator Fall asserts
he has been already elected for the
term ending in 1010, but tho claim is
disputed, tho contention of his oppo
nents belli;: that the previous legisla
ture had no right to choose him for
more than the short term, tho long
term belonging to the new legislature
now In session. The senate itself may
be called npon to settle the question.
Should Help Popular Elections.
With all these deadlocks before the
country as an object lesson It should
not be dlfllcult to adopt the constitu
tional nmendment for direct election of
senators. This is now before tho states
nnd has already been ratified by Mas
sachusetts, Minnesota and Now York.
Favorable action by thirty-six states
Is required. Thirty-eight legislatures
aro now In session, nnd if the matter
is pushed it may bo possible to hnve
the amendment adopted this winter.
If not. some of the other legislatures
nsserable In 1014, and the nmendment
should be ratified by a snfilclent num
ber of states to put It In force before
Photo by American Press Association.
dEOltaiS W. NOIU1IS OF HEnlUSKA.
tho senatorial elections of that year.
If horrible examples of scandals bred
by the old system are needed to help
along the new these deadlocked states
certainly furnish all the necessary ar
guments. Of the holdover senators there are
thirty Democrats, thirty Republicans
and one Progressive, Polndexter of
Washington. Of the new ones already championship of white supremacy, ne
elected or certain to be elected there -as beaten twice for the senate before
are eighteen Democrats and nine Re- finally attaining tho goal,
publicans. Ten of the new senators I George W. Norrls, Republican, Ne
have been re-elected, tho other sixteen braska, hai been a house Insurgent
having never before served In tho leader nnd was formerly a prosecuting
body. Thus the Democrats have forty- attorney and district Judge. Thomas
eight certain. As there is a total mem- sterling, Republican, South Dakota, Is
bership of ninety-six, this will give a prominent lawyer, dean of a law col
them sufficient to organize with tho lego and has been n member of tho
casting vote of Vice President Mnr- j state senate and constitutional conven-
Of tho nine still listed as doubtful
tho Democrats aro practically certain
to elect in Delaware, which will raise
their total to forty-nine, thus giving
them a majority of two. They also
Itnnd a chance In Illinois, New Hamp- ways nnd means committee, but re
jhlro and Wyoming, though in the last ilgned to beat James Smith, Jr., for
named Btate It may bo slight Tho Re -
publicans now havo thirty holdovers
and nlno certainly elected, making thir
ty-nine. Of the doubtful states tliey
are firly sure of West Virginia, New
Mexieo and Idaho, raising their total
to forty-two, while they havo a chanco
In Illinois, New Hampshire nnd Wy
mlng. There Is already ono outright Pro
cresslro senator and a chance to elect
another In New Hampshire or Illinois.
It must be remembered, however, that
many of tho senators cities ed as Re
publicans are progressive In principle,
among whom may be mentioned Works,
California; Borah, Idaho; Cummins and
Kcnyon, Iowa; Brlstow, Kansas; Ster
ling, South Dakota; Clapp, Minnesota;
Norrls, Nebraska; Gronna, North Da
kota, and La Follette, Wisconsin.
My own forecast of the new senate
is that It will contain about fifty Dem
ocrats, forty-four Republicans nnd two'
Progressive party men, with nt least
ten of the Republicans and the two
Progressives liable to break over and
vote for Democratic tariff bills and
other rndlcal measures.
The old senators who have been re
elected are as follows: Democrats
John II. Bankhcad, Alabama; A. O. Ba
con, Georgia, now alternating with
Galllnger as president pro tcm.; F. M.
Simmons, North Carolina; R. L. Owen,
Oklahoma: B. R. Tillman, North Caro
lina, and Thomas S. Martin, Virginia,
present minority leader. Republicans
-William E. Borah, Idaho; William S.
Kunyon, Iowa; William Alden Smith,
Michigan, and Knute Nelson, Minneso
ta. It is significant that nil of the re
elected Republicans, except Smith of
Michigan, have been classed nt some
time or another as insurgents.
The new senntors so far elected fol
low, with a line about each:
John F. Shafroth, Democrat, Colo
rado, has been governor for four years
and prior to that time was a repre
sentative in congress. Mr. Shafroth
gained national fame by voluntarily
relinquishing his congress sent, al
though elected by nearly 3,000 majori
ty, because ho became convinced that
by Chlckerlng Co.
LE BARON B. OOW OP ItHODIS ISLAND.
the election was tinctured with fraud.
Charles S. Thomas Democrat,
rado, is already sworn In to fill a va
cancy. He is a Denver lawyor, for
merly governor nnd was once tem-
I porary chalrmnn of a national con
vention, wuuam ti. xiiompson, uum
ocrat, Kansas, Is n new man In na
tional politics, but beat the redoubta
ble Governor Stubbs, the Republican
primary nominee, for senator.
literally a Big Man.
Ollie M. James, Democrat, Ken
tucky, Is now In the house. James
will be the biggest man In the senate,
1 both horizontally and la displacement.
I Ho may not be tho baldest, but his
dome will be among tho far shining.
1 J. Thomas Heflln once told Ollie that
I a postolilce In Arkansas had been
I ninned for him and got tho Kentuck
llan quite puffed up until J. Thomas
explained that the postoffice was Bald
Knob. James is a Bryan man, was a
I lawyer for Governor Goebel, refused
I a vice presidential nomination and
I was pormanent chairman of the Balti
Joseph E. Ransdell, Democrat, Lou
isiana, Is also a house member and has
been for several years president of
the national rivers and harbors con
gress. Edwin C. Burleigh, Republican,
Maine, has been congressman and gov
ernor and In tho old days was known
as the head of the state Republican
machine. John W. Weeks, Republican,
Massachusetts, is now a congressman
and was chairman of the house com
mittee on postofflces nnd post roads.
He was formerly In the navy, is a
banker nnd Is noted as n clover politi
cian and a good committee worker.
James K. Vardnmnn, Democrat, Mis
slssippl, was formerly governor and
nttractcd national attention by his
tlons. John K. Shields, Democrat, of
1 Tennessee has been chief Justice of
. the stnto supreme court.
William Hughes, Democrat, New Jer
sey, was known as the labor member
of congress. He was a member of tho
1 )io senate. Morris Shoppard, Demo
crat, Texas, who succeeds Senator Bal-
ley, is a young man nnd on orator. Lo
Baron B. Colt, Republican, Rhode Is
land, has long been a United States
circuit Judge. Thomas J. Walsh, Dem
ocrat, Montana; Key Plttman, Demo
crat, Nevada, and Harry Lane, Demo
crat, Oregon, aro not much known In
national politics, but this defect may
be remedied In due season.
Amundsen's proposed North Polar
Journey has been postponed for a
year, at tho suggestion of the Nor
wegian government, seconded .by
Prof. Nansen, in order to give tho
staff more time for thorough train
ing in oceanography, the subject to
which tho expedition will devoto
principal attention. Captain Am
undsen is to bo presented with a
gold medal for his discovery of tho
South Polo, at tho annual banquet
of tho -National Geographic Society,
New York Erects Twelve Thous
and Buildings During tho past year
some twelve thousand structures of
various kinds were erected In New
York. Were they all dwellings for
singlo families, the sum of $207,
000,000 expended would furnish suf
ficient homes for a city of about
00,000 people. In Manhattan the
sum of over ?11C, 000,000 was in
vested in the construction of build
ings. During the year, over ?30,
000,000 was expended on office
At Meadl, a suburb of Cairo, is a
sun-power plant of unusual interest.
It consists of 'five reflectors, each
204 feet long, whose cross-section
Is in the form of a parabola, with
the generator units at tho focus.
Tho last-named- are of zinc, built of
rectangualr sections 14 Inches wide.
To render them efficient, they are
painted with a black paint of high
heat-absorbing capacity. The water
is introduced .at the lower end and
the generator at Its upper end is
provided with a steam connection
4 Inches In diameter. The reflectors
aro lined with silvered glass mirrors.
The plant works best at a pressure
slightly below tho atmosphere.
Twenty-seven Years' Progress in
Incandescent Lighting An English
electrical magazine publishes an in
teresting diagram showing the pro
gressive reductions in the cost of the
incandescent electric light which
have taken place since 1885. The
improvement has been twofold: In
the increasing efficiency and life of
the lamp, and in the reduction In
the cost of current. It is probably
not realized by the average consumer
of electricity that whereas tho first
carbon filament lamps, supplied with
energy at about 25 cents per unit
and consuming 5 watts per (British)
candle-power, gave only 200 candle
hours for 25 cents, with the best
type of drawn-wire tungsten filament
lamp today, supplied with energy at
8 cents per unit and consuming 1
watts per candle-power, the same
sum of money gives 2,400 candle-
The Essential Feature of the Die
sel Engine In the course of a paper
recently read by him at Berlin, Dr.
Diesel denied that the essential feat
ure of the Diesel process was the
auto-ignition of the fuel. He stated
that motors in which the auto-ignition
of tho fuel took place were in
use before the Diesel process came
into being; indeed, he had never
laid a claim to auto-ignition In any
of his patents. What he was aiming
at was a process in which heat was
utilized to the highest possible ex
tent, and auto-Ignition became em
bodied in the process incidentally
during the evolution of the design.
" The height of compression," said
Dr. Diesel, " was riot determined by
the Ignition .limits of the fuel, but
solely by the endeavor to obtain the
highest possible figure for economi
cal fuel utilization."
iBlackenlng Tan Leather To
blacken tan leather it should De first
rubbed with a ten per cent, solution
of tannic acid. Let this solution dry
thoroughly, when a ten per cent, so
lution or iron sulphate should be ap
plied. This gives an intense black,
is easily applied and is harmless to
Artificial Sponger of Paper
When paper pulp Is treated with zinc
chloride there results a viscous mass.
Sodium chloride (or ordinary table
salt) is added to this; the mass is
then thoroughly rinsed with alcohol,
and is finally submitted to the action
of a press whose platform bristles
with a number of fine metallic points
or projections. These penetrate the
mass, forming tubes like those in an
ordinary spongo known as " canali
cules." The block thus obtained is of a
spongy consistency and is both in
soluble and unalterable in water.
It Is smooth and pleasant to the
touch, and Is not susceptible of put
refaction. It is a very ingenious
employment of tho cellulose to which
we owe so much.
Removing Iodine Stains To re
move iodine stains from bacterio
logical Instruments or the hands a
strong solution of hypo sulphite of
soda is good and effective. The so
lution should foe qulto strong, and
after its application the solution
should lie rinsed off with warm wa
ter, and the stained article dried
WHAT IS PROFANITY?
Some progress seems to have been
made by the Clean Language League
in its efforts to curtail the use of
profane speech and ribald adjective
In public places. A good service has
at least toeen performed by calling
attention to what is manifestly in
defensible in tho common intercourse
of men; but the crusado has al
ready 'brought the officers of this
association to a demand for a defini
tion What Is profanity?
All tho sisters, cousins and aunts
of a noted admiral of English song
were horrified by his use of tho foig
D , oven upon the high seas
where admirals ruled, for these sus
ceptible relatives assigned the ex
pletive to the realm of profane
s-peech; yet, if this be prescribed,
then will hundreds of thousands of
men rise in excited protest against
an elimination of what they deem
the most forceful, elastic and ex
pressive adjective in their lexicon.
Indeed, tho definition of what is pro
fanity may prove as recondite as tho
perplexing query, "What is beer?"
or the more cryptic one, "When is
a trolley car full?"
It 1b true there Is tho example of
Washington when ho overreached
his vocabulary in characterizing
Lee's cowardice at Monmouth, 'but It
must be borne In mind that the com
mander of the Continentals was
making profane history. It would
be a manifest anachronism to apply
tho adjective used by Washington
to complete a description of a base
hit at a ball game or give a verbal
index of the sensation of slipping on
a banana peel. Tho events do not
synchronize. Moreover, there wore
no ladies around when tho Father of
his Country spoke to his recreant
subaltern, and women are always In
attendance at a baseball match or
looking on when a man sprawls up
on the sidewalk. Thero are differ
ences and distinctions the subtle
mind will appreciate.
-Have The Citizen sent to you.
GROWING WAYMART BIDS YOU
The hustling little borough of
Waymart. located on the Honesdale
branch of the Delaware and Hudson
railroad, at tho base 'of tho Mooslc
mountains, is growing rapidly.
There is only one house vacant In
that village and it is one of the
best bulit nouses, there, too. It con
tains eight rooms and is a store and
dwelling combined. Can be used for
two families. The property Is lo
cated In the center of the town and
is directly opposite the postoffice. It
would mak6 an Ideal place for al
most any kind of business. Tho lot
is 60x160 feet and can be bought on
easy terms of the Buy-U-A-Homo
Realty Company, Honesdale, Pa.,
Jadwin building. If you cannot
come to Honesdale use the telephone
or write and further description will
bo cheerfully given. 99tf.
VTOTICE OF ADMINISTRATION,
1 ESTATE OP
OAKLEY B. MEGARGEL,
Late of Sterling, deceased.
All persons Indebted to eaid estate
are notified to make immediate pay
ment to the undersigned; and those
having claims against said estate are
notified to present them, duly attest
ed, for settlement.
H. R. MEGARGEL, Admr.
Sterling, Pa., Jan. 14, 1913. 5w6
of the estates of your minor
pal and accrued income.
Our GOLD TABLETS if used promptly
make short work of a cold; '
O. T. CHAMBERS,
M. E. SIMONS, President. O. A. EMERY, Cashier.
CAPITAL STOCK - - $75,000.00
Main & 10th
BANK WITH THE
Reasons Why !
It represents more stockholders than any other bank
in Wayne county.
ITS DEPOSITS HAVE REACHED OVER THE
mark and is steadily growing with the people's confidence
and the bank's progressive yet conservative methods.
Its expense of management is limited to amount of
business; together with it's trust funds invested in bonds
and first mortgages on improved real estate assures its de
positors absolute security.
It treats its hundreds of small depositors with the
same courtesy as though their funds were deposited by one
or more persons.
Thib bank comes under tho strict requirements of the
State banking laws as all savings banks and is frequently
visited by the Pennsylvania State bank examiner, besides
having a board of directors consisting of sixteen of Wayne
county's reliable business men and farmers.
W. H. Fowler,
W. B. Gulnnip,
It. J. Hanlan,
John E. Krantz,
Frid W. Kreltner,
J. B. Tiffany.
U. B. Allen,
George O. Abraham,
J. Sam Brown,
Osear B, Bunnell,
Wm. H. Dunn,
The Thrice-A-Week Edition
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There is a great war In the Old
World, and you imay read of tno ex
tinction of the vast Turkish Emplro
in Eurppe, Just as a few years ago
you read how Spain lost her last
foot of soil in America, after hav
ing ruled the empire of half tho
The World long since establish
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anybody can afford its Thrice-a-Week
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