Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1913.
PROPOSED CHANGES IN THE
May Increase Iilcenso Fees on
Trucks; All Vehicles to Curry
Owners of 60,000 automobiles In
Pennsylvania will bo Interested In
various propositions that are to bo
offered to the 'present Leglslaturo for
changes In the automobile law.
Bills have been prepared and are
rpnrlv fnr Inf rmliiptlnn. makinc now
regulations for motor trucks and mo
torcycles. It Is proposed to Increase
the license fees on trucks; because
their greater wear and tear on
streets and roads. They now pay
$5, ?10 and $1S, according to horse
power, tho same as pleasure vehicles.
The bill also will provide regulations
as to the weight of trucks an'd the
size of their wheels. A separate law
Is proposed for motorcycles because
of the many ways In which regula
tions Intended for the larger ve
hlcles will not apply to them.
The City of Philadelphia will ask
' . the right to make its own rules for
motorcars, Irrespective of tho uni
form State law. Organized motor
ists will fight this. Under the pres
ent law tho speed limit in the coun
try Is twenty-four miles an hour and
t I.. .lit .. t.i.nlfn n n .1 n
UL uuill-uiJ Dciiiiuua Lactic, auu uu
municipality can enforce other limits.
There is prospect of a fight over
the licensing of drivers. Tho pres
ent law requires a license of "every
person desiring to operate a motor
vehicle as a chauffeur or paid oper
ator." The State Highway Depart
ment contends this includes every
one driving a car except the owner
who has paid a license fee for the
car. The Pennyslvanla Motor Fed
eration got a decision from the Phil
adelphia courts that "chauffeur" and
"paid operator" were one and tho
same. The department sticks to its
requirement that members of an
owner's family or others who wish
' to drive must obtain drivers' li
censes. The Federation has advised
its members to disregard tho depart-,
Tho Federation " is prepared to
amend the law to provide beyond
question that only paid drivers re
quire license. On ho other, hand an
effort will probably Le made to pro
hibit anyone from operating an au
tomobile except after examination
and licensing as in Massachusetts.
All motor organizations will oppose
The motorists will renew their ef
fort of previous sessions, to get a law
compelling all vehicles to carry
lights at night. The Grangers have
succeeded In beating this bill in the
past. On the other hand the auto
mobollsts anticipate having to fight
an effort to raise the fees on pleas
ure vehicles. Their organization had
a hard fight two years ago to defeat
a bill to increase the minimum from
55 to $25 and the maximum from
$15 to $75. Tho present rates bring
in a revenue of nearly a million dol
lars a year.
. Harrisburg, Feb. 3. It is not the
intention to omit from the program
for highway legislation in the gen
eral assembly of 1913 provision for
the construction of highways by state
aid, which has been a feature of the
constructive work of this branch of
the State government for the past
nine years. During meetings of var
ious organizations in this city in the
last fortnight fears were expressed
that this method of construction
might bo done away with but assur
ance has been given in authoritative
(quarters that duo allowance for
State aid 'is to be made.
It was Bald on several occasions
during the recent meetings that the
object of highway legislation this
session would be solely for tho con
struction and maintenance of the
main State highways designated by
the act of 1911. This is not the
case. The plan is to build such
highways out of the proceeds of the
'$50,000,000 bond lssuo which ap
pears to be generally favored
throughout tho State, as the most
economical and satisfactory method
of securing the money for this pur
pose. Tho State highways being
thus provided for will not interfere
In any way with the State-aid work
or the distribution of funds to town-
ships for local road Improvement or
as bonus for abolition of tho archaic
In tho act of 1911 a specific ap
propriation of $1,000,000 was made
for the building of roads by state
aid, tho commonwealth to bear fifty
per cent, of tho cost and' tho remaind
er to bo divided between the county
applying for state aid, and the town-
( ship or borough where the road was
to be built. This plan It Is purpos
ed to preserve and to make a liberal
appropriation 10 carry ii on. uver
400 applications for State aid were
made during 1912, and It Is expected
from tho interest displayed In a
number of counties, that fully as
many may bo made during 1913.
GUAHDIXU THE I'UIIIJO HEALTH.
When soldiers enter a town where
thero is rioting, they stand guard in
groups of four at the Intersecting of
tho streets whore there is danger.
The soldiers face each other, each
man watching ono street. Each ono
looks ahead for signs of trouble
knowing that his comrade is doing
likewise. Thus each man guards the
other from attacks from the rear.
AVhy not apply this rulo to the
battle against disease? Urge upon
your neighbor the importance of co
operation. Protect him from diseaso
and expect him to do the same for
you, Don't spit lest your neighbor
be harmed; wash your milk bottles
so that your neighbor by your ex
ample may be encouraged to do like
wise. Wherever you have an oppor
tunity Insist that your Hoard of
Health enforce Us regulations. If
your neighbor has tuberculosis, see
that his home is disinfected when ho
leaves Jt. Insist that the milkman
servo clean milk. Don't buy food
stuffs that are exposed to dust. Take
an Interest in your water supply.
See that It Is not contaminated. De
mand that trolley cars, conveyances,
public halls and other places be
properly ventilated. Keep the air
in your own home fresh bo that visi
tors may bo encouraged toy your good
DIGS UP POT OF RARE COINS.
Vino Grower Near Paris Is Enriched by
A vine grower of Marmery, near
Paris, while digging up his garden re
cently turned up a beautiful granite
vase containing eighteen gold, eighty
silver nud twenty-two copper coins.
Sonic of these had tho date of Charles
VIII., U&i; others Louis XII. of 1500,
Francis I., 1015, and still others Henry
VIII. nnd Edward VI. of England.
There were many others of great his
TO FORM GREAT
English Labor Bodies Plan
TO BE GREATEST IN WORLD
Serious Move on Foot to Unite All Co
operative and Industrial Organiza
tions Into One Huge Association of
5,000,000 Souls, Wielding $185,000,000
of Capital Will Require Years.
A serious and determined movement
is on foot in Great Britain to form one
of the greatest industrial combinations
ever organized by the working classes
of any nation. It is purposed to com
bine the co-operative forces of the
country, representing 2,750,000 of peo
ple, nnd organized labor, numbering
',250,000, in a working fusion.
Should this scheme come to fruition
millions of pounds sterling Invested by
trade unions nnd other affiliated or
ganizations would be added to the
$1S5,000,000 share capital of tho co
operators and ?!)0,000,000 loan and re
serve, backed by ever Increasing profits
on tho turnover. If all the plans sug
gested are successful the alms and
Ideals of two great wings of the labor
movement will be co-ordinated and
united action will be taken industrial
ly, socially and in legislative matters.
Tho leading bodies in this vast
scheme are the trades union congress,
the General Federation of Trade Un-
' ions, tho Labor party nnd its allied or
i ganizations, women's trade unions, tho
' Independent Labor party and the eo
' operative societies of the United King
l dom. In many respects tho work of
these bodies overlaps. Money which Is
spent for educational and social objects
Is often wasted.
To Begin at Once.
It Is recognized that this tremendous
venture on the part of united labor will
take years to organize before any defi
nite, practical results can nccrue. The
first step planned was to call a joint
gathering of all other important organ
The points which will come under
consideration embrace a study of how
the organization of eacli section can lie
co-ordinated for educational, Industrial
and parliamentary purposes, what prac
tical steps should bo taken to secure
control of industry and commerce, en
abling tho working people to solve the
problem of labor unrest for themselves.
Co-operatlvo association executives
are enthusiastic In tlielr devotion to a
successful issue of the movement, be
cause they believe fields untouched by
co-operative enterprise will be opened
and they could enter industries which
at tho present moment nre solely under
Investment Will Be Profitable.
When in v.orklng order the scheme
would not propose to purchase existing
undertakings, for the co-opcrativo
movement is always founded on its
own mills and monufactorles. This, It
Is stated, would not only form a profit
able investment for tho funds of work
ing class organizations, but would at
the same time he a practical step to
ward nationalization of industry nnd
tile unrest which exists today would
The co-operatlvo movement has been
practically untouched by nny outside
labor agitation. It employs 130,000
persons. Ono co-operative leader, dis
cussing the proposition, said It would
bo selfish if this was merely nn Idea to
seek nn accession of strength for tho
co-operative movement. The success
of one would support the other, and
the strength of the whole would make
the movement ono of self defenso for
those in It.
"Wo want moral and economic unity
first," ho said. "Other ideals will then
ho on tho way to bo realized." Ho said
that in February tho executives of the
parties concerned would meet to decide
on some course of action, tho substance
of which would he referred to tho sec
tional local conferences for discussion.
On their acceptance and when the pro
posals nro agreed to at annual meet
ings tho Joint executive wheels would
begin to work.
New Gas Discovered'.
Sir Joseph John Thomson, director
of tho Cavendish laboratories at Cam
bridge, England, announced recently
that he had discovered n now gas. It
holds the same relationship to hydro
gen that ozone does to oxygen, which
mean that the chemical formula Is
113. lie found this curious form of
hydrogen hidden nwny in metals, espe
cially Iron, zinc, copper and lead.
How Wonun Evade Eight Hour Law,
Colorado women nre evading the law
forbidding them to work more than
eight hours a day by buying stock In
the concerns that employ them.
LOCAL OPTION MEN HEARING
"County" nnd "Wnrd" Units Aro
Bothering Legislators nt Hnr
rlsburg. Tho discussion last week on local
option legislation centered around
the two plans that haye been pro
posed for the house and senate.
These plans and the argument for
1. Tho ward, township and bor
ough units. The ward unit would
apply to cities only, while In bor
ougliB and townships the unit would
bo the municipality. Those who ad
vocate this plan declare that It
wouldn't bo very long after tho
smaller nnits were made effective
that the larger units would come be
cause the example would prove, they
say, the benflt'of local option.
2. Tho county unit. This plan has
two aspects, one in which tho county
in each case is the unit, and the
other a plan that would have all cit
ies and boroughs with a population
of 10,000 each in a separate unit
and the rest of tho counties, exclu
sive of the cities and boroughs a unit
An argument made for this plan by
Superintendent Carroll last week
was that If county option were car
ried in 'Pennsylvania, within a year
thirty counties would go dry.
'Representatives who entered into
the discussion admitted that they
were influenced largely by the effect
of each bill on their particular com
munity. For exmple, If a man's
town would go local option under the
ward unit, and the county would go
wet on tho option issue by a county
vote, the legislator would probably
be for a ward unit bill. And It work
ed the other way, too. If a man's
county would go dry on the county
vote and tho ward that the man lived
in inclined to go "wet" the repre
sentative would be for county op
tion. From all one is able to learn of
the local option situation, it appears
that the recent election has had the
effect of giving to the local option
cause a larger support than It has
had for many years past, or ever in
the history of Pennsylvania.
SCHEUER'S NEW SYSTEM
OF FILLING JUHY WHEEL.
George C. Scheuer, clerk of the
United States court for tho Middle
district, who with the jury commis
sioner makes the selection of jurors
for the grand and petit panels, has
adopted a systematic method of gain
ing tho proper representation of citi
zens of all classes and sections of
the district on the juries. Mr.
Scheuer depends on the president
Judges of the counties In the district,
the postmasters, referees in bank
ruptcy and newspaper editors for the
names to fill tho wheel, sending to
these a circular letter that sets forth
tho requirements for eligibility to
That part of the circular letter in
which the qualifications and restric
tions are set forth, follows:
" In order to enable us to peVform
our duty intelligently, and make a
judicious and creditable selection,
will you be so kind as to furnish the
names of sober, honest and discreet
persons of your county, whom you
may deem suitable for jurors, hav
ing regard to health and ago, as well
as other qualifications, and to whom
you would be willing to submit a
cause for arbitration; excluding
clergymen, physicians and teachers
actively engaged as such; persons
employed In any public office; em
ployees of telegraph companies, and
persons whose duties could not be
performed by others in their ab
sence, as cashiers of banks, or fore
men of largo factories.
"the names furnished should be
selected without reference to party
afillications, and without the knowl
edge of the parties themselves, for
although tho lists will bo preserved
for future reference, no person,
whose name may bo drawn, will bo
Informed by whom ho was recom
mended. " In addition to the name, please
give the occupation and tho resi
dence or postofilee address, using the
accompanying slip for this purpose"
Richards' Law AV111 Put a Stop to
Some Gretna Green Stunts.
Thero is a bill before the House
which will make it hard for runaway
couples who go to Wilmington or
other Gretna Greens and then re
turn to this State to live. Their
marriage will bo invalidated if con
tracted after the proposed law
Tho bill was Introduced by Repre
sentative George W. Richards and is
very similar although somewhat
more drastic, to the bill which pass
ed both Senate and House at the last
session but which fell under the
The bill is to forbid tho marriage
of any person having a transmlssable
disease. Consumptives, epileptics
nnd others are barred from matri
mony. Tho bill also regulates tho grant
ing of licenses and the making of
proper returns to and by tho clerks
of the orphans' courts. Uniform ap
plications for licenses shall bo used
all over tho State. The same par
ticulars as to antecedents of the con
tracting parties and their parents as
aro now In force are required under
tho now law.
No person of unsound mind or un
der guardianship as being of feeble
mentality can be granted a license,
and no person under tho Influence
of llnuor or drugs can get a license.
No male person who has been with
in the nrevlous five years an inmate
of an almshouse or asylum Is en
titled to a license. The judges of
the ornhans court are to hear all
contested applications for licenses
and pass upon tho lltness oi tne
would-be brides and grooms.
Residents of this State who go to
other States and contract anarrlages
in violation of the provisions of this
law will find their marriages illegal
If they return to this etate to reside.
HAS RECURRENT APHASIA.
Girl In Hospital Fifteenth Time For
Same Complaint In Few Months.
A young woman who, described her
self as Jennie Reich, nineteen yenrsold,
of Brooklyn, was found In a dazed con
dition in New York city recently.
At tho hospital where she was taken
it was snld slio had been treated for
the same complaint on fifteen different
occasions. Her case was diagnosed as
The police say the young womnn has
been picked up in all parts of the city
during tho Inst two months, suffering
from tho same ailment, and has been
In almost every hospital In the city.
5,000 Women Preparing For
TO VIE IN CARE OF BABIES
All Forms of Mothercraft Subject of
Tests How to Dress Child, Feed It,
Make Clothes, Cut Patterns, Aro
Studied Forty Schools Teach the
Science Get Useful Prizes.
Five thousand London mothers are
ilready In tho new year trolnlng for
tho grentest competition In mothercraft
3ver known. Several championships
Df mothercraft will be awarded In the
final rounds of tho competition, which,
owing to tho high standards to be at
tained and tho multiplicity of qualify
ing events, will not take place until
the second week of April. But the
mothers who believe they know how
to feed, wash, dress and generally
ziwa for a baby on scientific lines are
starting to practice for the great
As evidence of the vast scale of the
competitions and the importance with
which they aro regarded by tho dls
tinguished doctors, bishops, professors,
ministers, peers, members of parlia
ment and women health workers, un
der whose auspices they will take
place, it may bo stated that three
great societies aro responsible for the
organizing work. They are tho Asso
ciation of Infant Consultations and
Schools For Mothers, the National As
sociation For the Prevention of Infant
Mortality and For tho Welfare of In
fancy, of which tho king and queen
have just become patrons, and the Na
tional League For Physical Education
Forty Schools For Mothers.
Miss J. Hnlford Is tho general direc
tor of tho scheme. She explained to
a correspondent that thero aro now
forty schools for mothers In London,
nnd any mother who brings her baby
regularly to one of them is eligible
for tho competitions. The enthusiastic
mother-pupils number about 5,000.
The arrangements for tho "eliminat
ing trials" aro in the hands of the local
Hero are some of tho championship
Class 1. Questions to bo answer
ed verbally. Examples: How would you
cook a simple dish for a child under
two say, barley water or veal broth?
Why should you not give your baby a
comforter? How would you insure
that tho baby's feet aro kept warm?
Class 2. Undressing nnd dressing
a baby to show tho mother's slfill in
handling tho child and the suitability
of the clothing.
Ciass 3. The baby showing evidence
of the best condition nnd the greatest
Class 4. Tho best knitted belt or
vest for a baby made at the local class.
Class 5. Cutting out a pattern for
any garment from memory.
Class 0. A shortening petticoat of
tho most suitable material, cut out and
made by the competitor at the local
Only sis at most of tho prize winning
mothers from each local school will be
allowed to enter for tho blue rlbbou
of mothercraft. Tho 200 flnnl competi
tors will be required to bring tlielr hn
hies, feeding bottles nnd garments to a
central hall probably a London coun
ty council school.
Useful Prizes Awarded.
Tho prizes to bo awarded to tho clev
erest mothers will take tho form of
some useful nrtlcle or, It Is suggested
in some cases, tho opening of n sav
ings bank account in the name of the
baby. Miss Halford will bo glad to
hear of any ono who would llko to give
Miss Bunting who has ncted ns ad
vertiser In general to tho St. Pancras
mothers on matters of mothercraft, Is
most enthusiastic about tho competi
tion. WANT THEIR $34.72 QUICK.
Director of Mint Gets Five Hundred
Appeals For Per Capita Cash.
The treasury department gavo out a
news Item a short tlmo ago thnt tucked
away in the vaults of the treasury
thero was $34.72 for every man, wom
nn and child In tho United States, the
per capita of tho reservo fund.
Director of the Mint Roberts as a re
sult has received 500 letters from all
parts of tho country, In which tho writ
ers demanded that they bo sent their
$34.72 forthwith. One man, writing
from the distant west, asked that his bo
tent In dollar bills and pennies.
"New Way" Air
No Wntcr to freeze. No pipes to burst.
No weather too cold.
No weather too hot.
Less Gasoline. More Power.
Have you seen our Reo delivery truck?
It's a dandy. Better look it over.
REO OVERLAND and FORD AUTOMOBILES.
No better enrs mado for anywhere near tho price, riaco your
order right now.
Better times coming; help it along.
For snlo nt bargain prices: Auto Car Runabout, Liberty Brush
Hunnbout nnd Maxwell Runabout.
Get in tho swim nntl own a car.
E. W. Gammell
1871 FORTY-ONE YEARS OF SUCCESS 1912
The Leading Financial Institution of Wayne County
We lead in CAPITAL STOCK ? 200,000.00
We lead In SURPLUS and UNDIVIDED PROFITS 372,862.00
We lead in TOTAL CAPITALIZATION 572,802.00
(Our CAPITALIZATION is the DEPOSITORS SECURITY)
We lead In Deposits 2.4C3.348.G0
We lead in TOTAL RESOURCES 3,040,099.22
This year completes tho FORTY FIRST since tho founding of the
WAYNE COUNTY SAVINGS BANK.
MANY BANKS have como and gone during that period.
PATRONIZE one that has withstood the TEST of TIME.
W. B. HOLMES, President H. S. SALMON, Cashier
A. T. SEARLE, Vice-President W. J. WARD, Asst. Cashier.
W. B. HOLMES F. P. KIMBLE T. B. CLARK
A. T. SEARLE W. F. SUYDAM C. J. SMITH
H. J. CONGER H. S. SALMON J. W. FARLEY
E. W. GAMMELL
Nov. 12, 1912.
Ladies9 Long Coafs9 Furg Astra-
g PSusra and QUoth.
Sisits3 J6JBiios'9 EVlisses
Ladies9 separate SkSrfSg
Silk and Chiffon Shirt Waists.
Fur EVIuffs and Scarfs-Genuine Pelts.
Bnfanifts9 Bear CioSfo Goafs.
MENNER & CO.
January Closing Out Sale of Winter
D. & H. CO. TiriE TABLE
In Effect Sept.
i Blncbamton ...
... LakeLodore ...
,.. . Wnymart
- Cooled Gasoline