Newspaper Page Text
THE CITIZEN, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1913.
DIE IN MASSAGR
Serbs Reported Slaying Mos
lems by Thousands.
TO EXTERMINATE THE RADE
Powers Are Asked to Interfere With
Atrocities Said to Be Worst Since
Dark Ages Men, Women and Chil
dren Slain Bodies Thrown In
Chasms and Wells by the Hundred.
MarmndtiUo Pickthall, -who before he
began writing novels passed several
years la oriental countries and knows
European Turkey particularly well,
"writes to the London Times:
"From Information which reached
myself and others, It seems certain
that an organized and cruel slaughter
of noncombatants men, women and
chlldrens among the Mohammedans of
Macedonia has been going on for
weeks past and Is still In progress, the
object being nothing less than their
extermination. The victims, Including
fugitives, are said already greatly to
exceed 500,000. In fact, if my infor
mation is correct and I have every
reason to believe it so the most awful
massacre of modern times Is being per
petrated In the name of Christianity.
"I should be the last to expect hu
manity In eastern warfare, but this
thing Is not warfare it is butchery of
the Mussulmans of Macedonia, who
represent CO per cent of the popula
A similar appeal has been addressed
to the heads of other powers. The
Vienna Ileicupost, which for some
time past has been printing accounts
of alleged atrocities of Servian troops,
has published an article from a
correspondent, who says he personally
witnessed many incidents described
and had others authenticated by trust
Atrocities Worst In History.
"Wo made an appeal to the heart of
Europe," says the Retchpost, "to
arouse her conscience, for In her his
tory there Is no chapter since long by
gone davs which narrates such Inhu
man atrocities as were perpetrated
after the occupation of Albania by the
Serbs, while so much Innocent blood
has seldom flowed. We do not de
mand belief, but ask that Europe dis
patch a commission to convince herself
what is happening in Albania."
The Helchposfs correspondent con
tinues: "What were the numbers of the Mo
hammedan population In the conquered
territory two months ago and what to
day? "What were the tortures which had
been inflicted upon the wretched crea
tures, men and women, who were piti
lessly hunted down?
"What Is the military status of the
Bulgarian komltajls? Is it not the
same as that of the Turkish bashl
bazouks, about whose doings there has
been such an outcry in the past? Have
the Bulgarian authorities hanged one
"What has been the role of the Bul
garian and Servian regulars?
"These and other questions o. g.,
the torture of the Jews call aloud for
an international investigation. The
honor of Christendom and civilization
demands a full inquiry."
The appeal Is addressed io King
George by a number of Turkish sena
tors, who assert that despite the armis
tice the massacre of Mohammedans In
the provinces occupied by the Balkan
allies has continued iu the last month.
"In the districts where the war has
ceased tha bands continue to act," says
the appeal, "and the object Is exter
mination. Corpses Thrown In Chasm.
"In a chasm among the rocks be
hind the fortress at Uskub there lie
today the corpses of more than 100
Albanians from villages which were
destroyed by Are, and In the gorge of
Vistala Voda there are about eighty
dead bodies. Of 132 wounded Alba
nians who were sent to the hospital
at Uskub I0O died as the result of in
sufficient food. They were actually
allowed to starve.
"The Serbs killed harmless Alba
nians who were crossing the bridge
over the Vardar before my eyes. As
it was difficult to dig graves for the
murdered corpses, the ground being
frozen, they tlung them Into cisterns
near Uskub. Thirty-eight cisterns arc
filled with corpses.
"As I havo a perfect command of the
Servian languago tho Servian officers
and soldiers often took mo for a fel
low countryman. A Servian soldier
told mo how an Albanian village near
Kumanovo was stormed and many
villagers who were unnblo to flee hid
themselves in tho attics of tho houses.
" 'Wo smoked them out,' ho said,
'and whou tho huts burned they came
down screaming, weeping and begging
for mercy, like moles from their un
derground tunnels. We shut tho doors
upon them. Only with tho children
did we sparo our bullets and bayonets.
We devastated tho village because
shots were fired from a house with a
"The military authorities took no
steps to prevent theso atrocities. At
Kalkandelo eighty-five Albanians were
killed Just as (hey stood without mak
ing resistance. Their houses were
burned down and the villa go plun-
FIREMEN TO ARBITRATE!.
It has been stated in the press that
tho firemen, who are now voting on
a proposition to strike simultane
ously on the fifty-four principal East
ern railroads, are prepared to arbi
trate under tho Erdman Act, wnich
tho railroads decline to do.
Tho strike ballot is worded so as
to demand an increase in the fire
men's payroll of $9,600,000, or 35
per cent, annually. Assuming, how
ever, that the real object of the bal
lot Is to force upon the railroads ar
bitration under the Erdman Act, the
railroad companies wish their posi
tion made clear to tho public.
The railroads are prepared to arbi
trate before a commission of five or
seven or nine men, appointed by
some disinterested committee as
Chief Justice White, of tho United
States Supreme Court, Martin A.
Knapp, Presiding Judge of the Unit
ed States Commerce Court, and C.
P. Weill, United States Commissioner
This was done in the engineers'
controversy. It was fair. It satis
fied the people of the country.
Tho objection to the Erdman Act
is apparent from a statement of what
the act plans, namely, that arbitra
tion shall be by a commission of
three, one appointed by each side,
and tho third by the other two, or
else by Judge Knapp and Commis
sioner Nelll. The whole decision Is
in the hands of one man. It Is too
much power for one man to have.
Tho Erdman act was drafted to
settle labor disputes on single rail
roads, not on all the railroads of a
P. H. Morrisey, former head of the
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen,
and the Engineers' representative on
tho recent Arbitration Commission,
recognizes this defeat of the Erdman
Act. He says:
"The Act might also be amended
so that the arbitration board might
have three, five, seven or nine mem
bers, depending upon the magnitude
of the Issue, with the neutral repre
sentatives holding the balance of
The neutral members of a wage
arbitration affecting railroads rep
resent the public. It Is the interests
of the public, along with their em
ployes' and their own, that the rail
roads are endeavoring to protect.
They maintain that the Engineers'
Arbitration Board was right in say
ing: "The most fundamental defect of
tho Erdman act Is that the Interests
of the public are not guarded by it."
HOUSE STILL HOLDS HIS
OWX OX THE FARM.
Washington, Feb. 1. The intro
duction of the automobile on farms
of the United States, has not displac
ed the horse or mule, for the latest
estimate of the number of these
animals on farms January 1, this
year, announced last week by the De
partment of Agriculture, shows more
horses than ever before, except in
1909 and 1910, and more mules than
in any other year on record. Horses
and mules were of greater value
than ever before, except in 1911.
The number of horses Increased 58,
000 over last year, and mules in
While the number of beasts of
burden on the farm increased, the
number of food animals decreased.
Milch cows decreased 202,000 since
January 1, 1912; other cattle de
creased 1,230,000; sheep decreased
S80.000, and swine decreased 4,
232,000. In average value per head, com
pared with 1912, horses Increased
$4.83; mules, $3.80; milch cows,
$5.03; other cattle, $3,1G; sheep, 48
cents; swine, $1.SG. In total value,
the increases were: Horses, $105,
528,000; mules, $19,588,000; milch
cows, $107,3G9,000; other cattle,
$1159,581,000; sheep, $21,009,000;
swine, $79,781,000. The total value
of all farm animals increased $493,
45G,000, or 9.9 per cent, over 1912.
McDEVITT HAS IJItOKEN
OUT ONCE MORE.
Wilkes-Barre. City Councils were
recently petitioned by John J. Mc
Devitt who played "Millionaire for
a Day" and went broke at the sport
for a public site on which to ereci
and dedicate a monument of him
self. In his petition, tho irrespressible
John promises to provide a costly
monument, "which will bo a credit
to the city." He Informs the city
fathers that he will bo the principal
speaker at the dedication ceremon
ies, will hire his own hand and mako
a speech that will bo recorded as a
If Councils rofuso the request of
"Butch" tho County Commissioners
will be asked to donate a site.
CASTRO POSES FOR "MOVES."
"Dresses Up" and Strides Like Real
Napoleon For Camera Man.
The camera man of a moving pic
ture company went to Ellis Island re
cently and had no trouble persuading
tho ox-Napoleou of Venezuela to poso
for him. General Castro has looked
at moving pictures in many cities and
likes tlicm. Ho said ho would bo de
lighted and put on his braided frock
coat and his most Impressive smile
Jnd told tho plcturo man that ho might
flro when ready. He tucked a hand
into his coat and strodo to and fro like
tho real Napoleon on tho Bellerophon
or in meditation at St. nelena.
GETS A DINNER BY POST.
Pastor Receives Pork and Sauerkraut
From One of His Flock.
An appetizing dinner of pork nnd
pauerkraut camo recently to tho Rev.
John Snider, pastor of tho First Con
gregational church, nnddonfleld, N. J.,
by parcel post
The sender wns ono of tho church
Ban on "Heart Wrenching.'
Flowers at graduating exercises havo
been banned by the St Louis school
board. The presence 6f posies
"wrenches tho hearts" of tho poor,
who can't hnvo them, according to the
WILSON SURE TO
President Elect Deluged by
HE CANNOT ADOPT ALL IDEAS
Next Executive Has Received More
Suggestions Probably Than Any
Predecessor All Have Had Share and
Have Suffered Storm of Protest on
By ARTHUR W. DUNN.
Washington, Jsa. 30. Special.
Woodrow Wilson is not going to please
all. Everybody will not be satisfied
with all his cabinet appointments. It
Is doubtful If any man ever elected to
tho presidency received so much ad
vice from so many people as has Gov
ernor Wilson In the past three months.
Naturally this advice is along different
lines, much of it in direct antagonism,
just as men oppose each other. Gov
ernor Wilson has been seeking advice.
He has been listening to everything
that his ninny visitors have had to say
to him, and he has been deluged with
the ideas of those who think they know
all about running the government.
Many of these men will wait to see
how much attention has been paid to
thin. As Wilson goes along in tho
presidency they will discover that he
is not following their advice. There
will also bo tho unheeded advice of the
newspapers, which have been telling
him exactly what to do. Then the
storm of discontent and criticism will
break, Just as it has broken over the
head of every other president who has
been flooded with so much instruction
as to what ho should do when he
reached his powerful position.
Promoted From the House.
All the new senators who take their
6eats on the 4th of March will not be
entirely new. James of Kentucky,
Hughes of New Jersey, Weeks of
Massachusetts, Burleigh of Maine,
Ransdell of Louisiana, Norrls of Ne
braska and Shepard of Texas are all
members of the house, while Shafroth
was a former member. Tho new sena
tors who were governors are Shafroth,
Burleigh, Vardaman of Mississippi,
Brady of Idaho and Thomas of Colo
rado. Opening Scaled Letters.
"If there is a law authorizing the
postmaster general or any of his sub
ordinates to open a letter witli a two
cent stamp on it I am not aware of It."
Thus spoke former Speaker Cannon In
the house in a colloquy with Congress
man Jackson about tho power exer
cised by the postoffico department over
"Wo have now," asserted the Kansas
congressman, "mnchlnery and officials
who open letters and examine mail to
seo whether or not the law Is violated.
Does the gentleman deny the authori
ty of tho department to do so?"
"I do absolutely deny It," emphatic
ally declared Cannon.
"Then you should inform tho presi
dent," replied Jackson.
Congressmen thus evince surprise, as
did Cannon, though only a short timo
before Senator La Follotte exhibited
letters In tho senate showing that tho
seals had been tampered with nnd his
Every person who has had trouble
with tho department nnd some who
havo not havo had experiences which
prove tho truth of Jackson's assertion
In regard to opening sealed letters by
Polo For the Army.
Few provisions in tho army bill ex
cited much more comment than that
relating to transporting horses for polo
tournaments. Polo was defended by
Minority Leader Maun ns being the
best training to make officers and men
unnfraid. "Playing shinny nmong
tho boys is much tho samo thing. No
boy over played shinny who did not
profit by It. I would have every boy
in tho laud play shlnuy. I would havo
officers of the army play polo. It cures
men of physical fear."
There was an attempt to cast dis
credit upon the river and harbor bill
because it provided for tho improve
ment of certain "creeks." Tho idea of
n creek differs in tho several geograph
ical divisions of tho country, but gen
erally speaking it Is considered a
mighty small stream. But tho "creeks"
of tho river and harbor bill seem to
bo lending themselves to quite a lot of
commerce. During the discussion Ad
amson of Georgia clinched tho "creek"
for navigation by pointing out what
tho Scriptures told about St. Paul
when he wns shipwrecked. "After sev
eral days of danger they discovered a
certain creek with n shore, into which
they were minded to thrust tho ship,"
quoted Adamson as an indorsement of
Wages In North Dakota.
, Tho senato was discussing a bill re
litliif; to tho hours of labor, a bill
Vhich still further extended tho eight
hour system, when Senator McCumber
of North Dakota said: "In our state
last fall wo were unable to get farm
labor at ?4 and oven $5 per day. Why?
Because we havo enacted laws that in
all other lines of industry limit tho
day to eight hours. On the farm the
day is from sixteen to twelvo hours."
Ho thought that further extension of
tho eight hour system was on injustice
to the farmer.
THE BLUE SKY LAW.
The Joint committee of the Senate
and 'House appointed to consider and
report upon revision of the corpora
tion and revenue laws, presented its
report to the iLeglslaturo last week
together with about twenty bills
which tho committee recommends be
enacted Into law. The most import
ant of the scores of measures pre
sented Is a voluminous bill providing
for the incorporation, regulation and
dissolution of business corporations,
to take the place of the present law
founded upon the act of 1874 and
Its Innumerable amendments and
The committee states In its report
that "some of the most important
changes In the law aro the right to
incorporate for more than one busi
ness, tho requirement that 50 per
cent, of the capital stock shall be
paid before the commencement of the
business, the restriction of the right
of a corporation to own Its own
shares, the prohibition upon one cor
poration owning more than 20 per
cent, of the capital stock of another
corporation, a more complete en
forcement of tho constitutional pro
vision that stock shall not be Issued
except .for money, property or ser
vices, so as to prevent the Issue of
watered stock, liability of directors
for false statements, and a more con
venient method for enforcing liabil
ity for unpaid subscriptions for the
benefit of creditors."
The report states: "The commit
tee has also attacked the problem
of protecting the man of small sav
ings against 'investment companies'
and 'Get-rich-quick' schemes. After
careful consideration of many reme
dies proposed, the committee has
found that the so-called 'Blue sky
law' adapted In Kansas In 1911 is
the most thorough-going attempt at
regulation yet made, and the com
mittee adapted It to the needs and
system of Pennsylvania, and its en
actment is urged. It puts under the
supervision of the banking commis
sioner all corporations which offer
their securities to investors, and re
quire that he approve' the financial
standing of the corporation and its
method of doing business."
The committee also recommended
a further law requiring investment
brokers to be licensed by the bank
ing commissioner as to approval of
their method of doing business.
Return County Tax.
To meet the needs of the locali
ties, it is proposed that the whole
of the personal property tax Instead
of three-fourths, as at present, be re
turned to the counties.
Urjio Bond Issue.
The adoption of the resolution
passed by the Legislature of 1911
for a constitutional amendment au
thorizing the issuance of State bonds
for highway improvements Is advo
cated by the committee.
REAL ESTATE TRANSFERS.
Heirs of Thomas F. Jardan, Scran
ton, John A. Edwards et ux. of Pres
ton, land in Preston, $1.
Leroy G. Smith et ux., Scranton,
to Abram H. Fowler, same, land in
Otto Frermuth, Damascus, to
Leartus Frermuth, Damascus, land
in same, $1.
Hannah M. Prestly and John
Prestly, Damascus, to Harry Cade,
same, land in Damascus, $G.50.
Luther W. Benson et ux., Clarks
Summit, to S. B. Woodmansee, Pres
ton, land in Preston, $75.
NEWEST HEALTH" CURE TS
TO WALK ON ALL FOURS.
Dr. Klotz Evolves Theory Urging Re
version to Animal Habits.
The very newest fad is to walk for a
time each day on all fours like the
beasts of the field. Such exercises are
said to bo a cure for many ills. So If
you should happen to see apparently
sane men and women ambling over
their lawns on all fours or doing tho
samo stunt in drawing rooms don't
think they have gone mad. They are
only practicing tho Klotz cure, which Is
being taken up by young and old, fat
It started In Germany. They have
been doing this sort of thing over thcro
for over a year, and there is ono regu
lar sanitarium where the exercises are
given under medical supervision.
And this Is tho theory:
Dr. Ernst Klotz, n German biologist,
maintains that the upright carriage of
man is unnatural and results In many
ills. Nature, ho says, did not intend it,
and since man took to cnrrylng himself
erect lie has vainly tried to adapt him
self to the new conditions.
As a result of his holding himself in
a way opposed to nature ho suffers
from various pathological deformations,
from tho hypertrophy of various or
gans, from tho displacement of others
and from lesions In tho blood vessels.
The architecture of man, according to
Professor Klotz, was meant to be the
samo as that of the other vertebrates.
The spinal column was meant to bo
horizontal and to protect from injury
tho internal organs and tho soft parts
of tho body, which ought to hang from
it. Tho spinal column is, in fact, prop
erly tho rooftree of a man and fulfills
this use in tho case of the other mam
mals. Man's upright position, concludes the
professor, hampers particularly tho di
gestive process. This is owing to tho
organic displacement which it entails;
hence men suffers from many sto
machic maladies from which tho less
aspiring quadrupeds are free.
Dr. Klotz has found that very few
human beings who are past twenty
years of nge havo all their organs in
tho right place. They havo sagged or
dropped or wandered to a more or less
degree. Especially is this tho caso
with tho stomach.
It is declared that it is amazing what
tho Klotz euro will do. Ono only has
to try it to discover how efficacious it
Is, sajy Its advocates.
IN THE REALM
This dressy gown for a little girl is
of white voile. It Is cut In two sec
tions, waist and skirt being Joined by
a waistband. The plaits that start at
GOWN OF WHITE VOILE.
tho shoulders are stitched all tho way
to the belt, gathers across the center
panel giving fullness back and front.
Cluny lace Is used for the decoration of
With the Norfolk and Russian blouse
coats are worn belts of leather which
entirely band the waist Hue or they
extend across the back, leaving the
sides nnd front perfectly free. Dark
blue, red, whlto and tan suede are ex
tensively used, not only to trim suits,
but millinery as well.
Kid appears on a number of tho
smart models, but It hns not gained
the popularity of suede.
A lovely frock of dark blue serge
had the collar and cuffs fashioned of
dark red suede. If you care to be
strictly up to date have a leather
The Picturesque Medici. Collar
Featured Style Favorito.
Indications of changes in fashion arc
beginning to be apparent, many new
ideas having lately been put forward
these new notions will "catch on" it Is
Impossible to say, but in tho meantime
it is as well to mako a note of them,
since there are some, at all events,
which cannot fall to prove of lasting
Among theso must certainly bo reck
oned tho return of the medicl collar,
carried out in various fabrics, but un
der all conditions making a very fas
cinating frame for tho face. In fact,
the modlci collar seems to havo the
happy knack of suiting everybody,
while in the case of those who aro no
longer young It has a wonderfully be
coming effect, slnco it helps to conceal
the lines, which are unkindly traced by
time's finger. Just below tho chin.
In vnrious kinds of fine lace these
medicl collars have already had a great
success In Paris, where they bid fair
before long to supersede the Robes
pierre neckwear altogether. Some
times they fit qulto closely around the
throat, but In other instances they are
slightly rolled over at tho top away
from the throat and stiffened invisibly
with fine wire, which serves to hold
them in position and keep the lace In
Another kind of medicl collar which
is also very smart Is made in very fine
Irish crochet and bordered along the
extreme edge with i narrow lino of
fur, skunk or mink being used for
preference. With an afternoon gown
in chiffon velvet a fur edged collar of
this kind looks exceedingly well, es
pecially when it is finished in front
with n plaited Jabot of Irish laco to
Velvet sulfa seem to havo littlo stuff
lut in them. Tho shot velvets are clo
fant, yet quite sober in tone, for tho
diversity of tints is npparent only in
the folds and dftiplngs. Tho combina
tions of colors seen most nro copper
tvith deep sea green, plum color nnd
dead gold and shades such as you seo
In tho fuchsia. Any of these make
fascinating littlo nfternoon dresses,
with wide collars of thick milan or
veniso lace, the long, tight sleeves
opened to the elbow to let In frills
. ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office adjacent to Post Office In Dlmmlck
office, Honesdale, I'a
WM. H. LEE,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office over post office. All lecal business
promptly attended to. Uonesdale, Pa.
. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office Liberty Hall biiildinc. opposite the
Post Office. Uonesdale. Pa.
ATTORNEY & COUNSELOR-AT-LAW.
Office: Reif Building, Honesdale.
rtHARLES A. McCARTY,
J ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR- IT-LAW,
Special and prompt attention given to the
collection of claims.
Office: Reif Building, Honesdale.
. ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office in the Court House, Honesdale
SEARLE & SALMON,
ATTORNEYS A COUNSELORS-AT-LAW
Offices latelv occupied by Judge Searle
CHESTER A. GARRATT,
ATTORNEY A COUNSELOR-AT-LAW
Office adjacent to Post Office, Honesdale, Pa.
PB. PETERSON, M. D.
. 1126 MAIN STREET, HONESDALE, PA.
Eye and Ear a specialty. The fitting of glass
es given careful attention.
F. G. KICKARD Prop
Especial Attention Given
I STONE BARN CHURCH STREET.
LEGAL. BLANKo ror sale at The
Citizen office: Land Contracts,
Leases, Judgment Notes, Warrantee
Deeds, Bonds, Transcripts, Sum
mons, Attachments, Subpoenas, La
bor Claim Deeds, Commitments, Ex
ecutions, Collector's and Constables'
W. C. SPRY
HOLDS SALES ANYWHERE
Plans & Estimates
Residence, 1302 EastSt.
Tho Citizen wants a good, live
ly correspondent in every village in
Wayno county. "Will you be one?
Write this office for particulars.
OVER 65 YEARS'
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rear; four months, fL Sold by all newsdealers.
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llrancb Office,. 635 V St. Waslilnuton. V. C.
J. E. HALEY
Hnvo mo and save money, Wi
attend sales anywliero in State.
Address WAYMART, PA.CR. D. 3
JOSEPH 11 WELCH
The OLDEST Fire Insurance
Agency in Wayne County.
Office: Second floor Masonic Build
ing, over C. O. Jadwln's drug store,
(L We wIsTi to secure a erood
correspondent in every town
in Wayne county. Don't be
afraid to write this office for
paper and stamped envelops