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THE CITIZEN, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1913.
TO TRAIN MIDDIES AS
AFTER DINNER ORATORS.
Annapolis Now Has Course In Post
None of the next generation of naval
officers will hesitate and stammer
When as a battleship's commander he
is called upon to thank the delegation ,
which has presented a silver service to I
the vessel which hears the name of
Its state or when replying to the toast
"The Xavy" or "Sweethearts nnd
Wives," for the course In postprandial
oratory which has been established at
Annapolis by order of Superintendent
Gibbons is expected to turn out a class
of fluent and eloquent speakers.
It has been arranged that the first
class men In each company will by
turns dine separately In the smoking
room of Bancroft hall nnd will be call
ed upon to respond to toasts proposed
by n member of the Kngllsh depart
ment. Four subjects will bo given In
advnnco, but a midshipman will not
know to which one he will bo called
upon to respond. The dinners with
oratorical adjuncts will continue dur
ing the term, nnd it Is expected that
each midshipman will have at least
one opportunity to show his ability
na an nfter dinner speaker.
1 -H' 'H1
111 Hi INDEX OF !
1 100.000 STARS FOR A CATALOGUE
SWIMMER KILLS GIANT EEL
Hawaiian Champion Chokes Reptile In
In a battle with a giant eel ten feet
under water, near Ilonolulu, "Duke"
Kahanamoku, world's champion short
distance swimmer, had a narrow es- .
cape from death. Ho killed the eel and
his right hand. Ho is fearful lest blood
poisoning sets in.
Kahannmoku, known as the "Duke
of Walkikl," a resort near Honolulu,
has been practicing for the Australian
championships and with other swim
mers was going through his dally exer
cise. His friends were paddling about and
did not notice his disappearance until
cries from the shore aroused them.
They soon were diving In desperate ef
forts to locate tho champion.
After the "Duke" had been under
Tully two minutes his companions no
ticed a furious churning of the water
fifty yards from them. Suddenly one
of the swimmer's legs shot up from
below and was kicked about in the air,
indicating that he was struggling to
release himself. Tho leg nfter one
final kick was dragged beneath the sur- j
faco again. j
just ns tne swimmers reacneu nun
Kahanamoku came to tho surface,
gasped for breath nnd sank again. His
friends dived, brought him up and
dashed for tho shore, where he was
revived. One of the party got the
body of tho eel, which tho "Duke" had
choked to death. It was tho largest
ever seen in those waters.
TO SUBDUE INDIANS, $57,000.
This Is Item on Books of Putumayo
At a recent session of the Putumayo
Investigating committee Director Ileal
of the Amazon company and formerly
manager of tho Bank of Mexico took
the stnnd. He was asked if he had
over noticed that there was an account
of $57,000 which was set aside for the
purpose of "reducing the Indians to
Mr. Real replied, "I never looked into
these accounts." The witness denied
knowing that the conquest of the In
dians bad been taken up as part of tho
business of tho company.
In reply to a question as to what be
thought a reference to chastisement of
the Indians meant the witness replied
that he had never thought about it at
all. This drew from Chairman Roberts
tho retort: "That is tho fault of it all.
Nobody seems to havo thought about
COP BARS KAISER'S GUESTS.
Nearly Spoils Emperor's Birthday Cele
bration at Opera House,
Tho gala celebration of the kaiser's
birthday was noarly spoiled nt the op
era house ia Berlin by the obstinacy of
a policeman in refusing admittance to
the leading nctress, Mile. Poppo, whom
somehow he suspected of wishing to
enter tho house through wrongful mo
tives. The actress was unable to convince
tho policeman of her identity. Mean
while the kaiser and his guests were
chafing nt tho delay, and nn nld-de-camp
was sent out to make inquiries
He found tho couple in a heated argu
ment at the stage door. Something
serious will hnppen to that policeman.
Astronomer at Harvard Plans
to Learn What Objects
Are Made Of.
WHAT lire tho stars made of?
This is one of the first
questions asked by child
hood. It was one of the first
questions asked in tho childhood of
the human race. And in n few yenrs
it is going to bo answered, say sci
entists. Harvard university, or, more speci
fically, Miss Annie Cannon of the Har
vard observatory, is solving tho riddle
thnt has pu7fled man through all his
millions of ages, solving it by means
of a telescope, a prism nnd a camera.
Since October, 1011, she has been at
the work. In about two years more
she will finish it, nnd in something like
five years the observatory will publish
the results. When Miss Cannon has
completed her stupendous task one of
the most vital achievements of astron
omy, ancient or modern, will have been
accomplished. The stars will have
been analyzed, numbered and card cat
alogued! In two years tho stars' secrets will
be so well known nt Harvard observa
tory, it is hoped, thjt when an astron
omer writes for Information about the
little pin point of light near the handle
tip of tho dipper, for Instance, or about
some other spark that cannot even be
seen without a powerful telescope,
Harvard observatory will simply turn
to its card index. On the card that
bears tho number of the star In ques
tion there will be a few lines of neatly
written data telling exactly of what
the pin point light is mndo. There are
to bo about 100,000 of these cards when
tho classification is finished. They will
Include every stnr that can be seen and
photographed through a telescope and
Can See Only About 2,000.
"Perhaps this seems a small num
ber," said Miss Cannon when she had
been induced to talk about her work
for a little while, "but, although peo
ple think they can see millions of
stars on a clear night, ns n matter of
fact tho human eye can discern only
In order to give Miss Cannon every
possible assistance In her task of ana
lyzing 100,000 stars her department at
the Harvard observatory has been re
duced to n rigid business basis. When
the work was new she could analyze
nt tho rate of 1,000 stars in three
years. Now she analyzes 5,000 stars in
one month, 200 stars an hour. On
Jan. 1 she had examined nbout 05,000,
which means about two-fifths of the
work Is completed.
"Hnrvard is the only place that has
complete mntorlal for this work, and
Miss Cannon is the only person In tho
world man or woman who can do
the work so quickly," said Professor
Edward C. Pickering, director of the
observatory, in speaking about the im
portance of Miss Cannon's achieve
ment. "The results will have a bear
ing on a great many departments of
nstronomy, especially on the speed
with which stnrs move through space."
Extraordinary as would be the gucss-
OCEAN TO OCEAN ROAD
GETS $150,000 DONATION
Automobile Company Makes Big Gift
In Pledging Support.
FEAR OF DEATH KILLS HIM.
With a subscription totaling $150,000
n automobile company of Toledo re
cently pledged its support to the ocean
to ocean highway. The same pro rata
levy which has governed the subscrip
tions of other manufacturers applies
in this case, and the company express
es itself as being enthusiastically in
favor of tho ocean to ocean highway
extending from Now York to San
Automobile manufacturers the coun
try over are taking keen Interest in
the highway project at present, and
It Is belloved that subscriptions to the
fund will como in rapidly. Many man
ufacturers who wero not among the
early subscribers to the fund hnve al
ways been in favor of it, but were
compelled to delay definite action until
nfter the first of tho year.
She Hopes to Have Little
"Sheep of Sky" Ticketed
In Two Years.
es of a novice ns to how Miss Cannon
finds out what is in the stnrs, no guess
could be more extraordinary than tho
plain scientific fact
Pictures are taken of the sky, each
photograph being taken through n tel
escope and also through a prism. The
prism breaks up the rays of light from
each stnr and thus gives the spectrum
of every one. With the photographing
Miss Cannon has nothing to do. Her
task Is to examine the photographic
plate through a magnifying glass. To
tlie novice the photographic plate
shows merely an indiscriminate sprin
kling of tiny horizontal streaks.
Of course the colors of each star's
spectrum so beautiful when seen
through telescope nnd prism do not
show upon the photogrnphlc plate.
But ns it happens the colors are not
the important part. Across the hori
zontal streaks of the spectrum run at
intervals tiny vertical lines of grenter
or less brendth and intensity. It is
these linos crossing the spectrum ver
tically that are the index to the con
stitution of the stnr.
These peculiar vertical scratches are
the hieroglyphs which, deciphered by
such an expert as Miss Cannon, tell of
chemicals in the star's composition.
They mean hydrogen, calcium, helium,
iron, all the elements known to us and
as appears from peculiar lines not
familiar among those made by earthly
chemicals they mean some element
not yet discovered In the earth. It
will take about 2.500 photographic
plates, 8 by 10 Inches, to "cover" the
whole sky. Often the plate shows
two stnrs where it was thought only
one existed. Mnny times the camera
has caught stars that had never before
been catalogued. The most wonderful
plate yet taken by the eight inch tele
scope at either of the Harvard stations
in Cambridge or nt Arequlpa, Peru
contained jeventy-five stars In a spot
4 by 5 Inches.
Wonderful New World.
"It might seem that examining nn
hourly average of 200 streaks with ver
tical lines through them would not bo
Interesting work," says Miss Cannon.
"I know that if my whole heart were
not in it such a task would be mon
strous. But they aren't just streaks to
me each now spectrum Is the gateway
to a wonderful new world. In reading
these plates world after world opens
up under my eyes, territory that has
never been explored beforo. People? I
don't know. Astronomers can't say,
one way or another. We can merely
assemble all the information we can
possibly obtain nnd then draw deduc
tions." Miss Cannon is a Wellesley graduate.
For fifteen years she has been connect
ed with the Harvard observatory.
Tests of her work have shown an
amazingly high degree of accuracy
whero inaccuracy seems almost Inevitable.
Large Dairy and Hay
GOOD SUMMER KKSOIiT.
The Buy-U-A-Home Realty Com
pany has Just listed one of the finest
and best-known farms In Wayne
county. It is nv.atfid in tho heart ol
the summer hoarding business, In
Wayne's highlands. The property
consists of 325 acres and is well
watered both by creeks and springs.
A most beautiful natural lake, con
sisting of 15 acres, is one of tho at
tractive sheets of water in Preston
township. Ideal for the location of
summer cottages. Tho farm Is 2 V4
miles from the Lakewood station on
the Ontario & Western railroad,
three miles from Poyntelle on the
same road and two miles from Como.
Of the 325 acres 275 are under good
state of cultivation, consisting of
meadows, plow ground and well-watered
pasture fields. The balance are
in maple, beech and birch timber.
This 'farm is especially adapted to
raising hay and for dairying.
There are four dwellings and cot
tages upon the premises. Dwelling
'No. 1 will accommodate from 40 to
50 guests. Near this house is a never-failing
spring for domestic use.
The second cottage contains nine
rooms. Good water. Small barn
near house. Home No. 3 Is a vry
good seven-room cottage furnished
with water by ono of the best
springs in Wayne county. Cottage
No. 4 is near beautiful natural
spring lake, which consists of about
15 acres. The above mentioned
places are located in an ideal sum
mer boarding district visited every
year by boarders from Philadelphia,
New York, Scranton and other cities.
Other cottages could be built on the
border of this lake.
Situated upon the premises Is a
laundry, coal and wood house com
bined, size 20xC0 feet. The second
floor Is equipped for holding enter
The barns are as follows: Horte
barn 2Gx5G feet, with running water;
hay barn 2Cx3G, with two cow sheds
attached 20x50 feet. One building
with scales and wagon house with
underground stable for cows. One
good blacksmith and carriage Bhop,
with second story for storage.
Chicken houses, capacity for 200.
Barn No. 4 situated near House No.
3, size 30x40 feet, two sheds for cat
tle, with good spring water. Two
other hay barns, size 2Gx3G feet, and
There are three apple orchards on
the farm and a small fruit orchard.
The property will be sold for a
reasonable consideration and upon
Buy-TJ-A-IIomo Realty Co.,
Jadwin Buildins, Ilonesdnle, Pu.
HAN CS BANK
M. K. SIMONS, President. O. A. EMEItY, Cashier.
CAPITAL STOCK - - $75,000.00
Main & 10th
HERE IS A BARGAIN
Located in Berlin township about
3 miles from Honesdale is ono
of tho best farms in that locality.
It consists of 108 acres, which Is all
Improved. The soil Is sand loam and
red shale. It is well watered by
springs; orchard. Twelve-room
house, barn 37x47 feet with shed
22x90 feet. Part cash, balance on
easy terms. See
Buy-U-A-nomo Rcnlty Co.
Jadwin Building, Box 52, Honesdale.
LET WOMEN SMOKE, SAYS
NOTED BRITISH BISHOP
JEFFRIES QUITS SMOKING.
Negro Murderer Dies While Awaiting
Joseph Roberts, a negro elevator run
ner, sentenced to tho electric chair for '
tho murder of Isaac S. Vogcl, a Jewelry
peddler, died of a heart attack in the
death house of Sing Sing prison re-,
Fear of the electric chair brought on '
tho attack which killed him. Coroner
Dunn said Roberts was to have been
executed in the week of Fob. 10.
Old Friends Die at 8ame Hour.
At exactly tho same hour ono night
recently Archibald Little Vail and
Abraham Wilcox, old friends and for
mer business men of Middletown,
N. Y died nt their homes after years
of illness. Ench had reached tho age
of elghty-thrco. Mr. Wilcox was nu
officer In tho Seventh New York indo
p widen t battery In tho civil war.
Ex-Champion Swears Off Drink Also
on $1,400 Bet.
In Jim Jeffries' saloon recently Bar
ney Oldfleld began to banter the ex
champion about his ability to leave off
the use of liquor and cigarettes. Jef
fries became angry and offered to bet
any amount that tho automobile racer
would cover that he could not only
keep from drinking for twelve months,
but could drop clgnrottcs.
By bidding against each other they
finally had $2,800 as the stakes which
will go to Jeffries next year at this
time if he observes tho conditions of
the wager. If he does not be will
loso his own $1,400 as well as what
Oldfleld put up.
Some of the bystanders thought that
Jeffries made the bet so that be might
be forced to get Into condition and thus
"come back" as a "white hope," but
he laugblnglj denied this.
Canon of Westminster Thinks They
Should Have Privilege.
"If the men find it a pleasure to
smoke, why should that pleasure be
relegated to the men nnd not to wom
en?" asks Bishop William Boyd-Car-penter,
canon of Westminster, one of
England's leading ecclesiastics, who is
visiting in Boston.
He believes that a woman should
smoke if she wants to. "Smoking
among women will sooner or later ad
just itself," he says. "There will be al
ways women who will do things above
the ordinary to provoke criticism, and
there will bo women who will retain
their womanly traits and stand for tho
highest and noblest thnt there Is in
life nnd will not tolerate even smoking
as a pleasure."
HAUNTED BY DOG'S CRIES.
Girl Confesses She Set Fire That Burn
ed Barn and Canine.
Julia Schlosser, fifteen yenrs old, em
ployed in the homo of Mrs. Anna
Schoop, ut Monmouth Junction, N. J.,
has confessed, according to the police,
that she started the fire which recent
ly caused $5,000 damage on tho
Charles Schoop, son of Mrs. Schoop,
la credited with having forced her to
talk by threatening to see a fortuno
teller and get a description of tho fire
bug. The girl is alleged to havo said
that tho howls of a pet dog which was
burned to death at the time continued
to ring In her ears, and that made her
more willing to mako a statement.
Lightning and Roses In Jersey,
xnunaer, sharp lightning ana a
heavy downpour of rain that had all
the characteristics of an April shower
Bwopt Atlantic City recently. Several
citizens of Ventnor exhibited roses
clucked In front yards.
would like to see you If
you are in the market
BANK WITH TH
Reasons Why !
It represents more stockholders than any other bank
in Wayne county.
ITS DEPOSITS HAVE EEAOHED OVER THE
mark and is steadily growing with the people's confidence
and the bank's progressive yet conservative methods.
Its expense of management is limited to amount of
business; together with it's trust funds invested in bonds
and first mortgages on improved real estate assures its de
positors absolute security.
It treats its hundreds of small depositors with the
same courtesy as though their funds were deposited by one
or more persons.
This bank comes under the strict requirements of the
State banking laws as all savings banks and is fi'equently
visited by the Pennsylvania State bank examiner, besides
having a board of directors consisting of sixteen of Wayne
county's reliable business men and farmers.
M. B. Allen,
W. H. Fowler,
George C. Abraham, W. B. Gulnnip,
J. 13am Brown,
Oscar E. Bunnell,
Wm. H. Dunn,
At. J. Hanlan,
John E. Krantz,
Fred W. Kreltner,
J. E. Tiffany.
u. Wm. Sell,
M. E. Simons,
George W. Tisdell,
THE DELAWARE AND HUDSON COMPANY
t WARE, WATCHES,
t CLOCKS. i
AND NOVELTIES j
"Guaranteed articles only sold.1 j
nT 1 VkTTlVT r A TTHTn T
Designer and Man
Office and Works
1036 MAIN ST.
If you want tnt 4ob printims
Just giro The Cltictn & trial ordtr.
W tan do GOOD work.
I Ten Days9 Excursion
Saturday, August 2, 1913
Arrange Your Vacation Accordingly.
The Ideal Guardian
of the estates of your minor chil
dren. It has the very best facilities
for the profitable and wise invest
ment and re investment of the princi
pal and accrued income -The Scranton Trust Co.
510 Sprtico Street.
D. & H. CO. T1HE TABLE HONESDALE BRANCH
In Effect Sept. 29. 1912.
.... Albany ....
, Bincbamton .
.... Lake Lodore ...