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OUR BOE1ID BATES.
Tor the. dead Mir heart has cherlshod
Love her tribute tear rniut render.
Ffir the f rii-mlji In peaee that periaWl j
There in sorrow tnio ami tender,
And a silence on vir lifo
Unils the door;
Pitt. the hearts of millions tremble
With the tii't-'hty tribulation.
And the nal in troops ussemble
When the champions of a tiatinn
Back (rem honor's tlclds of strife
Come no more.
Farm nnd villa?, town and city
H ill them ninrtvra, name them sighing;
Nobler (stiff than sorrowing pit y
Ftendnm s hfrocs earned in dying,
Anil the flower of nraisois sweet
On their craves.
Pome nslrop hetientll the willows,
Pome, ar-ln ii where valor slew them.
Poft from lips that kissed their pillows,
pott frein t vis that never knew tlrotn
litop the I enisons that greet
Far fpim dear domestic pleas'ire,
Fireside siei.es and i-hiMre:i's pra'tle,
Free they ) ent their litai trea.irii
In the wii'tii t! niiireh ami !:rt.a,
lollowiM! their Hat? of fame
Where it Hew,
Till new hopes In moonlight lieno.fr
pniiledthro' terror's lifting shadows,
Till the hat vest after doty
liipeni d pern 'on blood-stained meadows,
And their dream of triumpli cauie
I.Ives like fallen foliage strewlnj
lloly iironml ! They fell not vainly.
Freedom t crs are greener growing
For the r fading, and ih. ire plainly
Vernal prnuii" lights the land
White they lie;
For their trie left to moulder
Hii her made the sod that bote them,
And their liiemorv old and older
T"lls the living who deplore them
There are deeds whose virtue grand
1'rinjrynnr hle-slngs, (rr.ny-haired fathers,
t hilillirod with vour sweet scla'etiess.
While a (.'ratrfnl country gathers
llo'ind the saviors of her greatness,
And her thronss. in mourning met,
Come With tribute trite and tender,
I.auiel wreaths and Ivrie numbers,
And above raeh dead defender
Let the love that never slumbers
C'wn its cniihss patriot debt
At the tomb.
ORAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC.
For Thousands of yonrs it has been
a custom w ith aoUliers in the field to
form comradeships, ono with another,
two men agreeing to stand by each
othfr in lil'e and in death, in Bicknoss
ami in wounds, end after death to ex
ecute each other's known desires.
There, nro traces ofthis relation in
the Greek historians. The Homan sol
dier under J ill ins Oesar called his
comrado "commilito"," which simply
meant fellow-soldier. It U such an t'S'
tablished custom in the French army
to firm comradeships that we find
Napoleon, on mcctintr a wounded sol,
dier In a forlorn condition. asking him,
"Where, then, is your comrade!" as if
the relation wcro recognized in mili
In an army this strong feeling of
comiadeship is not confined to the
ingle chose n friend. It includes the
company, tho regiment, the brigade,
the division, the corps, and even the
njntire army, binding a million men
into such coherency that they can move
nd feel and act as ouo man.
It was wonderful to notice, in our
lato war, how strong and how univer
sal this army feeling was. The common
object, common perils, common suffer
ings, common triumphs, knitted close
togother the hearts und tmnda of that
vast multitude of diverse men.
Finally, when victory crowned the
four years' struggle, there was a com
mon fooling of pride in the glorious
result, which at once exalted and deep
ened the soldierly fellowship.
After two thousand actions in the
Held, small and groat, after the enroll
ment of nearly three millions of men,
und the death of throe hundred and
sixty thousand of them, the army was
disbanded at Washington In 1305, and
the soldiers rejoined their fellow citi
zens in the peaceful pursuit of indus
try. At that final reviow in Washington
there was very little left of the "pomp
and circumstance of glorious war;"but
every soldier's face shone with the
light of victory, and every citizen who
bad within him the soul of a patriot
foil the truth of the motto that flutter,
ed along tho Capitol: "The ony nat
ional debt we can never pay is tho
debt we owe to the victorious sol
diors." Already the desire wai strong
throughout the army nut to let die the
fellowships and friendships of the war.
Cluba, circles, societies bd already
been formed, some conipused wholly of
officers, some wholly oi privates, and
tome of both. The object of all was
the same: "To preserve the cordialities
of thecamp.to secure the fame of mem
bers by uuitable memorials and records,
and to give friendly succor to indigent
comrades and their dependents.
i 0 ,,(
"JI.OSfOf, O flowsrs. In riotous splendor !
J Open, t) linKerinir buds to tho linht !
I will gather you all. f rsh. frarant and tender.
Anil weave you in sarlands. sweet, dewy and bright!
Over the grave where our heroin arn'lepini
I will lay all your beauty and innocent bluom,
That they o'er whose dut a nation is weepinii
Muy know that wo love them, though low in the tomb.
Eleven months after the close of tho
war, at Hpringtleld, Illinois, a scheme
was conceived of uniting all who had
served in the. army or tho navy, ami
had received an honorable dismission,
into a national society or order, tho
namo of which, it was finally decided,
should bo tho Grand Army of tho Uo1
The idoa originated in the mind of
an officer of the Fourteenth Illinois
Infantry, Major Benjamin Franklin
Stephenson, Ho thought of it before
tho war ended, while serving under
General Sherman in one ol hla rapid
Major Stephenson's comrade or tont
mate was tho chaplain of the regiment,
Kov. William J. Kutlcdgo. Of;on these
two gentlemen, as they rode sido by
side in tho long marches, talked to
gether of what would probably be
come, after the war, of tho enormous
numbers of men they saw tramping on,
before, behind and around them Sol.
diors, wagon men, camp followers
tramping, tramping in numbers that
They agreed that mon so closely
allied, and united by so many ties, so
bound togother by a common purpose,
and by so many vicissitudes shared in
common, would not willingly consent
to a total severance of a connection so
dear to their affections and their pride.
The two friends agrood that, if they
came out of tho atrugglo alive, they
would endeavor to work out in concert
some kind of organization for such an
This agreement they kept. After the
war they planned a great society to be
lormed somewhat on tho basis of the
several social orders, such as the Free
masons, Odd Follows.Knights of Pyth
ias and Sons of Ten.perance.
To impart a military character to tho
new organization the local branches
were named Posts, and all tho officers
received military titles, such as Post
Commander, Adjutaut, Quartermaster,
Officer of the Day, Post Surgeon, Post
Chaplain, Officer ot the Guard and
The rooms for the weekly meetings
of the posts are arranged like the lodge
rooms of the other beuovoletit orders.
In a few instances the local Post be
came the owner of its own quarters.
and fitted tho in up with some approach
to luxuious accommodations, with li.
brery, billiard room, dining room,
kitchen, sustained by the rents deriv
ed from other portions of the edifice.
Some Posts have gathered a highly
Interesting collection of warlike curi
osities, such as banners, flags, field
glasses and captured weapons. Occa
sionally, a piece of field artillery, Ideut
itiod with the history of a Post, graces
can alove of its apartment.
. The greater number of the Posts
assemble weekly in a hired room, plain
ly furnished, and often used for other
purposes on other evenings.
But not the loss bss the Post been to
the retired soldier like another home,
where he was sure of finding aid and
sympathy, where the record of his ser
vices was deposited, and where ho
DA.Y THE SOLDIER'S PICTURE-
could meet his old co tirades in. social
Each Post, moreover, boinor connect
ed with the county organization, ami
that with the Stato and tho national
body, membership invites a man onco
again to a great national army, not
inaptly styled tho Grand Army of tho
It must not bo supposed that tho
founders of this powerful organization
wore actuated by sentiment alone, H
was a thing ol necessity that they
should look for steady and systematic
aid to the country which they had as
sisted to save.
Honco, the Ordor has taken tho load
in stimulating and guiding legislation
in liehalt ol tho soldiers and their du-
p;:'.(lcuts, a ud Congress has shown
itselt attentive to ita suggestions.
A vast amount of good, however.
has been dono by tho local posts alono.
lo tho Uraud Army ol tho Itepublic
wo ajo indehtod for ono of tho most
interesting and impressive of our cere
monial days that on which the grave
of tho soldiers aro decorated. Tho idea
originated in tho mind of a Gorman
who had served as a private in the
Union army, whoso name has uot been
Early in May, 18US, howroto to the
Adjutant General of tho Grand Army,
saying that in Ins native country it
was the custom of the peoplo in tho
spring to visit the burying grounds, and
place flowers upon tho graves of their
friends and relatives. Ho suggested
that the Grand Army should designato
a day lor the decoration of tho graves
of tho soldiers.
Tho idea met with favor, and Oen.
John A. Logan, then Commander in
Chief of the Grand Army, promptly
promulgated an order setting apart the
Thirtieth of May lor tho purpose.
General Logan expressed tho hopo
that the observance would bo kept up
from year to year so long as ono stir
vlvor of tho war remained to honor tho
memory of bis departod comrades.
Memorial Iay has been observod
with increasing improssivunoss ever
since, and the day is now a legal holi1
day in most of the Northern States east
of tho Mississippi rivor.
In 1871 tho Grand Army could claim
but thirty thousand members. In 1871)
a great increase began, until tho whole
number of members approached four
While the great object of this army
of men has been to promoto the meas
ures looking to the relief and advant
age of tho soldiers and thoso dependent
upon thorn, they have taken a leading
part also in the erection of the innum
erable monuments to the memory of
fallen comrades which adorn our pub
licgrounds and cemeteries.
Other nations have heaped tho most
bountiful rewards upon the succossful
generals of a great war. We have,
perhaps, not been sufficiently generous
to the leaders in tho war; but it was
natural, in a Republic, that the rank
and file of the army should be the chief
recipient ofnatioual benefaction. '
One of the japans employed by the
Oh for the tones tha are silent forever,
h for the hearos that were true to the rlnlit,
Oh for the arms that knew weariness nev.r,
Hut fouuht fomrht aH the dav till death's swif t falling night.
Nothing hut freedom is worth sueh devotion,
Only th land wdi h our forefathers navii
Re-lremed and unbroken from neean tooeean.
1.1 worth half the coat of one soldier's low grave.
Grand Army to attract public otteni
tion and nourish their own dovotion
to tho cause, has been tho annual con
vention, or National encampment.
which has always been an occasion of
widespread interest, both to tho order
anil to the peoplo.
Some of the annual encampments
havo been held in places remote from
tho center of tho country, but the local
welcome has always been general and
enthusiastic. Tho farther tho soldiers
havo had to travel.the warmer has been
tho welcome they have received.
.Iamrs pAKTOff In ''Youth's Compan
Spsrlmnn anil aamplit Mwimllnn,
A tlno old "chestnut" a "most rc
iKirkulily long-liradod, Mowing
oeardod, and patriarchal" story, as)
Dick Swlvcllcr would put It may bo
ocallod with profit, now that all our
;radern aro stricken with tho "tasto-md-try"
fever. Tho anocdot.o Is, In
sriof, that an ingenious old lady sent
mind to a ntimlmr of shops for
fcimplcs of tea, and In this way ol
talned gratis suillclent to last her for
Tho sanio dodgo Is frequently prac
tised on drapers. Ladies of other,
wlso Irreproachable character, when
preparing for a buzaar on behalf of
sonio poor, untutored savages, send
to drapors for patterns of silk, dress
goods, etc., and appropriate yes,
"appropriate" Is tho better-sounding
word tho pieces for tho making of
quilts, cushions, and other articles.
By somo mysterious processor reason-
I ing, thev tako credit to themselves
; for their smartness, too.
Taking, then, tho facility tor fraud
Into-considcratlon, is tho sample game
worth tho candle? Hardly, ono would
think. Tho house-to-houso system Is
certainly not open to abuses of tho
kind given. Still, thero Is plenty of
I trickery about oven that, distrib
utors, anxious to get rid of their load.
stuff about a dor.cn samples In somo
letter boxes, and often give at least
as many to somo woman with a keen
regard for economy. In a known
caso, a lad left fifteen or sixteen
small packets of cocoa at ono houso
In return for a bribe of a penny; and
In another a man parted with suffi
cient soap to do a few weeks' wash
(or a pint of beer
Tin Ualnly Jap.
Among tho people of tho globe the
Japanese, in their uso of tobacco, as
in many other things, would seem to
be tho most temperate as well as the
most refined. Tho rudest coolio or
tho coarsest farm laborer equally
with the lady of rank (tho pretty
odisha) and tho minister of stato is
content with the kisoru, a tiny pipe
which does not hold enough to make
oven Queen Mab snnczo.
Tha All-Parvalln Vloa.
A Virginia City (Nev.) youth .waa
recently detected in tho act of shoot
ing an arrow, with a olgaretto at
tached, through a broken window la
the rear of the Jail to some boys who
were Imprisoned within.
tOU FARM AMD GARDEN.
tvnr rows rat rt.ACKNT.
Perhaps we can never llnd out why
cows llko to eat the plaeonta, but in
the. experience of most moil it makes
little if any difference whether they do
or not. It in cortaltily foolish to pre
vent her from doing so if she wants
to, though we would consider It
equally foolish to try and compel her
to cat it. Iter own Instincts are the
best guido. American Dairyman.
TltKKS I'Oll rT.ANTI(U.
Io not make the mtstaka of buying
large, overgrown treos for your plant
ing, says Seed Tinio und HarveU.
Those which are U-l to 7-S inch in
diameter nro quilo largo enough, but
they should havo smooth, straight
trunks and good roots. Olilor trees
are more npt than young ones to have
lost their best roots lit removal; mid
it is best to buy of nurserymen Mi
slead of peddlers, nnd to savo money
and receive just what you purchase).
Ten dollars per 100 will buy the best
of apple trees at tho uurcry,atid other
stock in proportion.
Eons t.AUIIK AN!) M1AI.L.
I'nless you want u largo proportion
of cockerels do not soil all tho largest
eggs you can pick out. There Is no
means known by which tho sex of eggs
can with certainty be determined. Al
though many have thought sumo signs
have indicated sex, yet after repeated
fair (rials nil those indications havo
laliod, ana lulled enlliuly nnd ex.
asporatlngly with tho writer, except
one, which I give as follows: With
regard to tho eggs of most of tha
feathered kingdom, if you pick the
largest out of tho nest they nro gen
erally tho ones that produce iiialos
especially if thoy happen to he laid
first. Even In a canary's nest it Is
noticeablo that the first czg laid Is
very often tho largest; tho young from
It the first out, keeps abend of Its
comrades, is tho first to quit tho nest,
and tho first to sing. Detroit Free
I.KAKINO t'DVF.US TO IIIVKS.
Above all things, keep your bco
colonies dry. Thousands of colouios
perith every year by leaking covors.
Wheuovei' moisture from without Is
added to tho generated moisture or
evaporation from tha boes within, a
damp chilly almosphero is the result,
which generally proves fatal la frosty
weather to tho bees.
Tin roofs, with ventilated holes in
the gablo ends are a suro provemivu.
A cushion in ado ot coffee sacks, tho
size of tho top of (ho hive, and filled
with wlioit chaM', is aa excellent ab
sorbent of moisture.
I Such hives as will not admit a
cushion within, can be aided by hav
ing a ventilating apefture on top, two
Inches squuro, covered with wire-
cloth, and a cushion without. Such a
cushion must be made of "duck," lui
poruieablo to lain, or oilc'.oth, so cut
as to go over tho outside of tho hive,
and wiili a drawing string of twino
run through the edge of the cloth, so
that It can bo fastonod tight to tho
lilvo. Chad' Is put into it, mid thou
drawn ovor the hive and tiod. Farm
Ono groat advantage which the in
creased use of the best machinery Is to
the farmer is seldom spoken of by the
manufacturers, or by the farmers
themselves. Perhaps tho farmers do
not realize It, while the makers might
think it would hinder, Instead of help.
ng, the sale of their inachinas if It
were known. It Is a fact that the uso
of tho machine soon makes more care
ful farming a necessity. The hand
scythe could be worked among rocks
and stumps, and along hedge-rows and
ditches, and ear, led through the bogs,
but one who wants to profitably use
the mowing machine must remove the
obstructions and All up or drain the
places where the horses would mire or
the machine plow up tho ground. The
seod drill Is of but little uso unless a
perfoct seed bod i made to work it
Tho corn planters and potato plant
ers that work by horse power, very
quickly suggest that they do the best
work who u the land is well plowed,
and well pulverized by harrowing,
aud the potato diggers and bean-pall
ing machines will uot work well if
the land Is allowed to become foul
with weeds that will choko up the
maohlnes. Much the same thing might
bo said of many of the machines used
in the Southern States, and others
used la the Northern States, but
enough has boen said to show that the
farmer who has a first-class machine
has got to '-live up to it" la the other
branches of his farmlug. Bostou
The best and only thing to do whon
your horso is excited is to call him .
down. This Is best done by getting
to the horse's head and talking to him
and gently rubbing his face and other
wise diverting his attention from (ho
catiio of his fright. If the horse la
sullen or angry the samo trcalment
will be found beneficial. I i a high
state of excitement tho home does not
comprehend what you want and It is
useless, worse than folly, to attempt
to beat the fright out of a horse.'
All men are excitable more or lesij
some more, and very many treason
ably so. What would bo the olfcot of
trying to abuse, ono of llieso red
headed, excitable men into being calm
nnd considerate when under the ln-flucni-a
of passion ? It would certain
ly ond in disaster to somebody and
this tnoy explain tho consistency In
somo horses kicking tho end-gate out
of tho wagon und otacnvlaq demolish
ing things when tho whip is laid on
his back becauso ho got scared aud
excited about something.
The best thing for tho nrivor to tin
is to keep calm and use common seine
at all times In handling tha team.
When n horse understands that ho Is
not to be hurt he will not bs excited
or unreasonable, uiiloss of a devilish
disposition. Such cases require special,,,
treatment, and tho judgment of tho
driver will ilotcrmiiiu tho success of
his work lu handling tho horso. ' Al
ways take tinio to uuiut an c.'icUud
When you got a young nnimal to
understand your commands there is
not much difficulty in directing its
C3ursc. Avoid, if possible, bringing
the cxeihiblo horso in contact with
that which unnerves him. Southern
FA KM AND OAItDF.V NOTES.
The third week is a critical po iod
in tho Ufa of a chick.
Tho gamo is valuab'.o as a cross on
tho Cochin or lirahma
Sow so'.ory seed In tho hot bed after
the earlier plants have been taken out
mid transplanted. .
In spraying caro must oe taitcn not
to havo tho mixture too strong, or tho
foliaga will be injured
Ono of the most important ltoms In
making crisp, tender vogoiablos is a
quick, vigorous growth.
Tho Canadian Beo Journal says that
for years general farming has uot
paid so well as bee-raising.
In sowing tho seed for oil root crops
it is best tj use plenty, and then thin
out after the plants como up well
Thero is no advantage. In crowding
(he plants either In tho gardon or
orchard. Plants must have Dionty of
To cultivate potatoes to perfection,
thoy should be plantod in a deep,
rich, black, sandy loam, with natural
Generally the covering given to tho
seed can bo determined by its size and
weight. Light, louder seed aro often
covered too deep
Good training wl'.l nevoiop many
good qualities la tho horso that would
otherwise be dormant, but tho train-
lug must be Judicious.
With nearly or quite all field crops
tho best and most economical imple
ment with which to commence iho
cultivation is a good harrow.
Scatter powdered charcoal about
the illy-smelling pool in tho stable
yard, and in tha stables also. This
will be found to be a canltal daodor.
When plants are transplanted from
a hot-bed or seed-bed In many caso it
will pay to thoroughly wot tho soil
two or throe hours boforo taking the
Oats contain a greater proportion
of tlesh-forining elements and corn a
greater proportion of fat-forming
elemonts. This is why oats are a so
much better feed for horses.
When the mare is worked whllo
suckling her foal, caro should be
taken to let her cool olT before the
colt Is allowed to suck. Falling to
do this is often the cause of slckuess.
Bee-keepers differ as to whether
cement, sand, or natural earth Is the
best flooring for a cellar in which bees
are wintered. All sgree that a bushel
of lime is an excellent tuiug in the
During the breeding soason tho stal
lion should not be allowed to got too
fat; fat stallions aro not sure foal
getters aud do not generally ge(
vigorous, healthy otfsprlug. At this
time care lu feeding is au important
The theatres lu Melbourne Aus
tralia, are almost all equipped with