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REYNOLDSVILLE, PEXX'A., WEDNESDAY NOVEMBER 9, 1892.
Offli'p on Vrt Main wtrrrt. nprMwlto the
Commt-n-lnl Hotel, Itvynolclsvtlli-, Pa.
jju. n. e. hoover.
Nr-sldi-nt dcntlNt. In bttllrtltijr nt-ar Mrtlin
fllst rliurrli, oppoHltc Arnold hlix-k. Gentle
ness In operutltiK.
FJIAXKJ. BLACK, rnrirlnr.
The lending hotel of tlietown. Hendftmr
ter for enmtm'reiiil men. Meant heat, five
bus, Imtli rtxtms tinrl etowetH on every floor,
sample room;, hlltltird room, telephone- eon
GHEEX& COXXEIt, I'min-Mom
Flint elms In every pnrtli'iilnr. Located In
the very eentro of the iMislneMMrmt-t of town.
Free 'tin to tirifl fnm trnlie und eomniodloUM
wimple room for ennimerelitl triivelers.
M ERICA N HOTKU
JlVFFlXaTOX f JAJXff, V,v'.
Omnitu to nml from nil train. European
restaurant. House heated and lhrhted hy
inis. Hot and cold witter. Western I'nlon
Teleurrapll olhce in ImlldltiK. The hotel l
Hlted with fill the modern eonvenleneex.
JAS. II. CLOVER, Proprietor.
Sample roomsnn tlio ground floor. House
heiiteil hy natural gas. omnibus to and from
UFFALO. ROCHESTER & PITTS
The short line between Purloin, Ttlditway,
Bradford, Hiiliimnm'a, Huftalo, Hoehester.
Niagara Falls and points in the upper oil
On and lifter May 22d, 1R03, passen
ger trains will arrive and depart from KiiIIh
Creek Ntatlon, dally, except Munday, uh fol
low: JilO A. M. Bradford Accommodation For
points North between Kails Creek and
llrmlford. 7:15 a. m. mixed train for
10:05A.M. Hutlalo and Rochester mall For
A Jewell, Bradford, Salamanca, Huffalo and
KorhcHter; eonnectlliK at JohiiHonbiirK
with 1'. E. train . for Wilcox, Kami,
Warren, l.'orry and Ki le.
10:65 A, M. Accommodation For IIiiIIoIh,
ykes, HIirHiin and I'liiixsiitawney,
1:20 1. M. Bradford Accommodation For
Heechtrce, Hrm-k way Mile, Kilinont, t'ar-
mon, Kldtrway, JoluifioiiburK, Mt. Juwett
4:60 1'. M. Mall For DuBols, Hvkea, Bid
Hun, l'uiixsiitawney and Wnlston.
T:SS I'.M. Accommodation For DuBoIh.BIk
Kiln and I'liiixsulawiiey,
Tralna Arrive-7:10 A. M., Accommodation
i'linxHiitiiwuey: llitin A.M. .Mali froniWal-
Ntou and I'linxHiitawnev; 10:fiii A. M., Ac.
commodatlon from Bradford; I: Ml I'.M.,
Accommodation from I'linxsiitawucy; 4:50
1'. M., Mail from BulTttlo and llochester;
7:fi 1'. M Accommodation from Bradford.
Thousand mile tickets at two rents per
mile, iiood for passage between all stations.
J. 11. MoIntyhh. Agent, Falls creek, l'tt.
J. II. Bahhktt K. ('. Lackv,
General Hupt. Gen. I'as. Agent
Bradford, Pa. Korhestvr, N. Y.
A LLEGHENY VALLEY RAILWAY
COMPANY commencing Sunday
JulylO, 181)2. Low Grade DiviHlon.
RTATIONH. I No.2 N0.6 INo.lOllOil 1110
r s Oraut
I Beneuitte ....
I (ilen Fisher...
I ' Tyler
Falls Creek ...
P. M.A M.IP. U.
Trains dally except Hunday.
DAVID McGAHUO, Oich'i,. Hitpt.,
Ilt tHliurif Ptt
JAS. P. ANDEKBON, Oen'l. 1'ahh. Aui., '
$1.5( PER YEAR. ,
J VAVAVAVAVA VAVAVAVAVAVAVAVAVAVAVA
AGE OF TJIE EARTir.
A FASCINATING 8TUDY THAT 13 ELU
CIDATING A GREAT MYSTERY.
The flcfenre of Clpnloiry fthm-s That the
Aire of the World Varies lletwprn 13,.
000,000 anil 080,000,000 Yean How
These Computation Are Made.
At the recent meeting of the British
BRSoriuMon n disronrso wna delivered by
the president, Sir Archibald Oerkie, on
one of the most interesting problem in
modern science the nge of the world.
Over A centnry hn elapsed since James
Hntton wrote his "Theory of the Earth,"
Which was the first attempt to formulate
a chronology of creation in accordance
with the discoveries of science; since
then knowledge has made vast strides,
and his followers have access to a mass
of information which he did not possess.
Playfnir and Kelvin improved upon bis
work, and now Oerkie and the school to
which ho belongs have gone beyond
Geologists have ascertained that the
rate at which erosion takes place can lie
measured; by applying their scale to the
sedimentary rocks they have formed a
hypothesis as to the time which hns
elapsed since erosion began. To put the
proposition in similar language, the sur
face of the globe is constantly wearing
away under tho influence of water and
wind. The portions which are worn off
are carried down to the sea or into hol
lows, where they are deposited and form
sedimentary rocks. If we con ascertain
how long it takes to form a sedimentary
rocl: wo can figure out when the progress
of wearing away and redepositing liegan.
Sir Archibald states that on a reason
able computation the stratified rocks at
tain an average thickness of 100,000 feet.
The material of which they consist was
all washed down from high planes, de
posited and left to stratify. By the in
spection of river banks it is found that
in places the surface of the land which
has been carried down as sediment in
rivers has been reduced at the rate of a
foot in 780 years, while in other places,
where the land was more stubborn or
less flexible, it has taken 6,800 years to
lower the surface one foot. The deposit
must be equal to the denudation. Thus
we find that while some of the sedimen
tary rocks have grown a foot in 730
years others have taken 6,800 years to
rise that height. Thus the period of
time that was required to build up 100,
000 feet of sedimentary rock has varied
according to locality from 78,000,000
years to 680,000,000 years. It follows
that the active work of creation lasted
for a cycle intermediate between these
two figures. The cycle varied with end
less succession of periods of disturbance
by volcanio force and glacial action,
and the frequent submersion of dry
land, alternating with the emerging of
continents out of the seas. These may
have retarded the growth of sedimen
tary rocks, but they cannot have accel
A study of fossils teaches the steady
uniformity with which the work of
creation proceeded. Since man began
to observe there has been no change in
the forms of animal and vegetable life,
A few species have disappeared not one
new species has been evolved. Not only
do we find the fauna and flora of ancient
Egypt as depicted on monuments which
are probably 8,000 or 10,000 years old
identical with those which are found in
that country today, but shells which in
habited onr seas before the ice age and
grew in an ocean whose bed overlay the
Rocky mountains are precisely the same
species that are fonnd in the Bay of
Monterey and the waters of the Chesa
peake. It is evident that there has been
no essential change in the conditions of
life since these animals and these vege
tables were first created, yet how vast
the shortest period which we can assign
to the gap that divides ns from that re
mote epoch I
Little by little the geologist is lifting
the veil which covers the prehistoric
record of our planet. The era which
preceded the age of civilized man, with
its vast rivers carryiug down diluvial
floods to the ocean, and the bursting
forth of mountain ranges from contrac
tions of the earth's crust has been painted
to the life. But no one has exercised his
pencil on that preceding age, when the
forests made way for clumps of stunted
birch and willow, incessant snowfalls
covered the plains, glaciers crept down
from the north, and gradually a vast
sheet of ice half a mile thick drove man
kind, with the mammoth and the rein
deer, to those fortunate regions which,
like California, escaped the agony of the
last ice age.
Nor have we any distinct perception
of that subsequent age when the ice
melted or receded to the pole, or dense
tropical jungle grew up in the morasses
it had left, swamps steaming with trop
ical heat swarmed with uncouth ba
trachian and reptile life, trees of mon
strous growth shed their shade over
shiny pools and block ooze, and in the
distance long mountain ranges whose
fontanel bad not yet closed, poured
never ceasing flood of lava down their
sides. This is a page of history which
is yet to be written, but the materials
are accumulating, and the historian will
not be long wanting. San Francisco
Teaching Darning. ,
In some of the private schools of the
city teaching the minuet is a part of the
course of physical culture. Skirt danc
ing will be an easy translation from this,
and it may expected to be Included In
the course shortly. New York Times.
ARE MUSTACHES ORNAMENTS?
A Tonns; Woman Writer lllsrotinten on
an Important Tart of Mnu.
Why do young men take such pride
in their mustaches? It is, I snpposp, lie
cause they think a mustache is orna
mental. Is it? Why do men have clean
shaven lips when they cotild grow mus
taches? And why do mm wear hnlf a
dozen straggling hairs when they ought
to have them shaved off? Why will men
continue to spend hours every day in
training tho hair on their upper lip,
when it doesn't ltmke them look any
more handsome, when it is annoying to
their sweethearts by scratching their
cheeks, when it prevents a cigar being
smoked more than half through, and
when it shows a horrid propensity for
getting mixed up with the food?
I don't think mustaches are orna
mental. The ideal mustache has yet
to be invented. It must not draggle,
nor be used as a shield to hide one's bad
teeth, nor be fierce. And oh, it must
not be waxed or leaded! What do men
say of women who use grease? When
yon are enjoying a spoon don't you think
it takes all the romance out of the thing
by having a nasty, cosmeticized piece of
hair edge its way against your lips?
And isn't it exasperating when your
lover leads his mustache and never tells
you? Yon go home with your face like
a metropolitan extension map, and feel
very uncomfortable when father and
mother say there have been a lot of smuts
about, for your face has got quite dirty.
No, mustaches are neither useful nor
ornamental. Were I a man and capa
ble of growing a most luxuriant mus
tache I would cut it off. A clean shaven
man looks much the nicest. Girls like
a beardless face. They are content to
know that whiskers and all the rest
could be there if they were wanted.
You see, a man with a mustache is
generally a bit of a fop, and girls don't
like fops. If a man doesn't keep it
trimmed it gets straggling and ragged;
if he does keep it trimmed then he
appears conceited. He is eternally
twisting it this way, giving it a curl
that way, stroking it and patting it, un
til he loses all character for manliness.
Now, a clean shaven man seems to be
dignified. Women love dignity. Why
is it they are always so fond of curates
especially high church and actors?
Simply because they shave. Women
want in men a smooth, clear cut face
not with a great bunch of hair stuck out
under the nose. Whoever heard of the
Greeks having mustaches? Whoever
saw a statue of a Greek god with a
mustache nnless he were an old god and
wore a beard as well?
Mustaches are not ornamental, be
cause they rarely suit the face, liecause
they are a protuberance and hide the
outline of the month, and liecause, with
a mustache, a man is frightened to
laugh, as it disarranges it. Only a few
women care fof them. Men think all
women do. That is a mistake. "A Fair
Critic" in London Tit-Bits.
An Old Rosebush.
As long ago as the year 823 Hildes
heim is mentioned in history. In that
year we are told Louisv the Pious, Char
lemagne's son and successor, made it
the seat of the bishopric intended by his
father to be established at the neighbor
ing town of Elze. Less than a century
before Charlemagne had brought the
heathen Saxons into subjection and
Christianity was yet new in the land.
Gunther, the first bishop, had been can
on at the cathedral at Reims. Three
years after his elevation to the aew
episcopal see he consecrated the first
chapel, naming it in honor of the Virgin
Mary, The chapel is supposed to have
occupied the site under the present
cathedral, whore the crypt of the new
church is built.
A pretty rosebush that now clings to
the outer wall of the cathedral choir is
said by tradition to have grown there
since the days of Louis the Pious him
self. In the Twelfth century, when tho
choir and crypt were being enlarged, a
protecting hollow wall was built around
the rosebush, in order that the vine
might continue to grow about the build
ing when the new wall had been com
pleted. A bit of the old arching may be
seen behind the altar in the crypt. This
is the present Toucher for the great age
of the rosebush, and it must be admitted
that many traditions repose upon a less
solid foundation. Architectural Record.
Eating- 81ue Bash.
In London a century ago it was no
uncommon practice on the part of the
"fast men" to drink bumpers to the
health of a lady out of her shoe. The
Earl of Cork, in an amusing paper in
The Connoisseur, relates an incident of
this kind, and to carry the compliment
still further he states that the shoe was
ordered to be dressed and served np for
"The cook set himself seriously to
work upon it He pulled the upper part
(which was of fine damask) into fine
shreds and tossed it up into a ragout,
minced the sole, cut the wooden heel
into thin slices, fried them in batter and
placed them round the dish for garnish.
The company testified their affection for
the Iudy by eating heartily of this ex
Wire is no new thing; specimens of
metal lio shreds dating as far bock as
1700 B. C. are stated to have been dis
covered, while a sample of wire made
by the Ninevites some 1800 years B. C.
is exhibited at the Kensington museum
in London. Both Homer and Pliny al
lude to wire. Chambers' Journal.
QUEEN MARY'S HOUSE
AN HISTORIC OLD MANSION IN THfi
ANCIENT TOWN OF JEDBURG.
In This OM Fashioned lliilldlng the
Queen of the Rents Held Court and for
Three Week Lay Kick of a ferrr ..ep
Kear Approach to Death
There is one honse in Jcdburg to
Which, above all others, strangers who
visit the ancient town are sure to find
their way, and that is the old and an
tique mansion known as Queen Mary's
house. Many will therefore be pleased
to learn that steps are aliont to be taken
for the better preservation of this his
toric edifice, and for the improvement of
its surroundings. On Oct. 8, 18,10, Mary
left Holyrood to hold assizes at Jed
burg, the magistrates having been pre
viously instructed to "prepare meat,
drink and lodgings for men and horses,
and she arrived next day. The queen
was accompanied by her ministers of
state, her law officers and by many of
her nobles, among whom were the Earls
of Moray, Huntly, Argyll, Rothes and
Caithness, and the Lords Livingstone,
Seton, Yester, Borthwick, Arbroath,
Hume mid Somerville, besides a num
ber of barons and bishops. What a stir
thcro must have been in the old bonier
burg on that occasion, and what
anxiety it would cost the worthy pro
vost and magistrates to keep up the
good name of their town in the presence
of so many great personages, and even
The assizes continued for six succes
sive days, and terminated without a
single execution. Mary presided at a
privy council held on the 10th, and at
another held on the following day. On
the 16th, after the pressure of business
was over, she rode to Hermitage castle
to see Bothwell, who had been wounded
by "Little Jock Elliott," of the park, a
noted freebooter, and after conferring
with her wounded lieutenant for two
hours in presence of several of her
nobles who accompanied her on the
journey she returned to Jedburg the
same evening, having ridden more than
forty-eight miles. Next day Mary was
attacked with an intermittent fever,
which kept her prostrate for over a
fortnight. On the same day she took
ill the sum of six shillings was paid to
"ane boy passing from Jedburg with
one mass of writings of our sovereign to
the Earl of Bothwell."
The room in which Queen Mary lay
during her serious illness is, according
to tradition, a small two windowed
apartment in the turret, but Miss Strick
land, in her "Lives of the Queens of
Scotland," soys in reference to this point
that "the spacious suite of apartments
on the opposite side of the staircase, one
of which still bears the name of the
guardroom, is more likely to have been
occupied by royalty as anteroom, privy
chamber and bedroom." It is, however,
the small back apartment that is pointed
out to visitors as Queen Mary's bedroom,
and it was there, if we are to credit tra
dition, where she lay nigh unto death,
attended by her French physician
On the 26th she "lay for dead" three
hours her limbs cold and rigid, her
eyes closed, her mouth compressed, her
feet and arms stiff, every one supposing
that the vital spark had fled. Master
Nau, who was "a perfect man of his
craft," would not, however, give the
matter up, but resorted to friction and
manipulation, which he continued for
some hours, until the queen recovered
again her sight and speech and got a
great sweating. When her illness had
assumed a mortal tendency she expressed
her willingness to resign her spirit to
God. She wished to impress on her
nobles the necessity of living in unity,
and that they should do all in their
power to protect the iufunt prince her
only tio to life. To Du Croix, the
French embassador, she made a request
that he would ask his royal master U,
protect her dear son, and she also recom
mended his protection to Queen Eliza
beth, as her nearest kinswoman.
On the 38th Darnley arrived in Jed
burg, but left again the next day, and it
is not certain that he was ever allowed
to see Mary. When she was recovering
the wearisome hours were beguiled by
one John Hume playing to her on the
lute and John Heron playing on the pipe
and "quhissil," the former receiving
forty shillings for his services, the latter
four pounds for his. As a thank offer
ing to God for her recovery she caused
twenty pounds to be given to the poor of
the burg, and the same day she wrote
a letter ordering materials for a new
dress, which letter was to be sent to Ed
inburgh "in all possible haste."
What a curious Old World pictnro!
But the scene again changes. On Nov.
9 exactly a month after her arrival
Queen Mary left Jedburg, accompanied
by her nobles, among whom was Both
well, and with an escort of a thousand
horsemen. She arrived on the 20th at
Craigmillar castle, with sorrow, suffer
ing and captivity in the near future, and
in the distance the bloody scaffold of
Fotheringay, "Four months after her
departure from our ancient burg," says
a local chronicler, "her husbaud, Lord
Darnley, was murdered; three months
more and she was the wife of Bothwell;
yet twelve months, and she was lodged
as a prisoner in the Castle of Carlisle. As
time rolled ton and the clouds of misfor
tune were rolling dark and thick around
her, she was often heard to exclaim, in
the anguish of a wounded spirit, 'Would
that J had died in Jedburg I' "Scotsman.
FALSE TEETH ARE COMMON.
Artificial Teeth Are o Cheap That No
body Need He Toothless.
"We sold 1,000,000 more false teeth
last year than we ever disposed of be
fore in a twelvemonth," said the man
ager of the greatest dental supply es
tablishment in the world to a reporter
Vesterdny. "I don't imagine that it was
because people are losing their teeth
more rapidly now than heretofore, al
though it is unquestionably the case that
the enduring quality of the human chew
ing apparatus has become progressively
less from generation to generation in
"It is more the fashion now than it
has ever been in the past to wear false
teeth, partly for the reason that the pnb
lio has come to realize whsr a.xcellont
substitutes they are for real ones, and
partly owing to the fact that vsothless
ness excites much more disgust than it
did in old times, when snch an affliction
was commonly observed and was regard
ed as unavoidable.
"It is very rare to see a person now
adays, whether a man or a woman, visi
bly disfigured by the absence of teeth.
Anybody whose grinders fall out will in
nearly every case go to a dental surgeon
and procure artificial ones. They don't
cost much. You can get a complete
double set from sixteen dollars to seventy-five
dollars. Probably a fashion
able dentist will charge you the latter
price. His margin of profit is consider
able, inasmuch as the teeth themselves
cost only from fifteen to eighteen cents
apiece. They are made of porcelain, of
kaolin usually, baked in an oven.
"For tho plates the material best op
proved is rubber. The handsomest
plates are made of celluloid, and they
have the advantage of lightness in
weight, but the celluloid does not resist
well the acids with which it comes into
contact in the mouth. Aluminium has
been tried, but it is affected by vinegar
and salt as well as by other substances
that are eaten, the result being the de
velopment of a salt of aluminium which
is thought to be injurious to the system.
"The enamel of artificial teeth is
composed of metallic oxides, and the
finishing processes to which they are
subjected are so delicate that no two
teeth produced can be made exactly
alike in point of coloring. Among all
the hundreds of thousands of teeth
which we keep in stock probably no two
would match to absolute perfection. But
those that ore most nearly alike are put
togethor so that the eye of nobody but
an expert would detect any difference.
After all natural teeth exhibit marked
dissimilarities in any individual.
"It does not do to make false teeth
look too handsome, lest they appear un
natural, and dental surgeons commonly
carry their imitation of nature so far as
to make teeth in many instances look
more or less defective, the better to
carry out the deception." Washington
Forest Fires and Mosquitoes In Alaska.
Miles and miles of blackened stumps
marked the ravages of forest fires. The
Indian, when resting on his journey and
suffering from mosquitoes, sets fire to
the twigs and leaves around him, cre
ating a smoke which keeps the pest at
a distance, and when refreshed he straps
on his pack and moves along the trail,
of course without extinguishing his fire.
In announcing his approach to friends
at a distance, he sets fire to a half dead
spruce or tamarack tree, and the column
of thick, black smoke is the signal, to
be acknowledged in the same manner
by those who see it, so as to direct the
traveler to their camping grounds. In
the summer everything is crisp and dry,
and the timber is saturated with tur
pentine. The trees left to smolder are
fanned into flume by the slightest breeze;
the flames creep among the resinous
trees and spread till whole forests are
These forest fires and the mosqnitoeB
account for the scarcity of game, Oter
the vast untraveled region that we vis
ited there was a remarkable scarcity of
wild animals. We saw only a few
ground squirrels and some grouse and
ptarmigan. The Indians say that all
the larger animals retreat in summer to
the hilltops, where, exposed to a con
stant breeze, they are free from the tor
ments of insects. E. J. Glave in Cen
Belled II. s Looks.
I remember being at table in the Astor
House, New York, when a gentleman
entered who was an almost exact coun
terpart, so fur as personal appearance
went, of Duuiel Webster. The shape of
the head and fade were the same, the
expression much alike. I was pro
foundly impressed and resolved to make
his acquaintance, I did so and found
that he had for years conducted a dark
alley saloon in the oil districts until a
lucky strike made him a man of wealth,
but left him mentully where it found
him but little better than a fool. No,
you cannot judge a book by the cover,
but you will generally find that the
showiest covers are put on the most
worthless books. Interview in St. Louis
. A Chauoe for a Bora Tongue.
Mrs. Poots What are you looking so
Poots Oh, there's a confoundedly
tender spot on my tongue from resting
against a broken tooth.
"Humph! -You're always grunting
about something. Funny I never have
anything like that the matter with my
"Nothing funny about it Your tongue
is never at rest." Texas Sittings.
(Successors to McKee & Wat-nick,)
ANP ALL KWPS OF
We rnrvif a mmitlettr find froth
line of (irot rrlcM,
(loot! ftrllrcml fret ; pltiee in
(lire mx f fair trial.
Cor. Main and tith St.
BUY WHERE YOU CAN
AND ALL KINDS Or
CON FECTIONER Y,
Everything in tho lino of
Fresh Groceries, Feed,
(mhIh delivered free any
place In town.
Ctdl on uh and yet price.
W. C. Sclraltz & Son.
Gitu Meat Market
I buy the best of cattle and
keep the choicest kinds
of meats, such as
Everything kept neat .and
clean, Your patronage
E. J. Schultze, Prop'r.
GHflNGEflBLE WEATHER I
Nature has soon fit to have
changeable weather and why
not have your person garmented
with a neat and nobby suit
mudo of hoavy-woight material
to suit the weather that is now
creeping upon us. You nood a
I new winter suit and as tho cold
waves ai"e very uncertain you
will be wise if you place your
ardor now for winter wearing,
apparel, so an to have it to dot
when blustering woathor is
ushered in. Such an immense
Hue of winter patterns was
nevor displayed in town as can
be seen at
J. G. FROtHLICM'S,
sfirNext door to Hotel McCohnoll.
made easy Manufaoturlnc
tuhber bUwiv. Hcnd tor
'riue List of Oiuuts, to
3. V. W. Dormau Co.,
917 Bust German Street,
Btiitituore, (., U B. A,