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THE HUMMING BIRD."
CURIOUS FACTS ABOUT THE
Haw Ther Arc reflected for Ornamental
and sjelrntMe Purposes Their Meats and
Invincible Warrior What .Makes
Their Varied Hues.
lllrds of fancy Feather.
K Smithsonian In
rstltutlon has Issued
a monograph lull of
fascinating In for
Dial ln about hum-
K mlng-b'.rds. O n e
f reason wny mesa
daintiest of feath
''ft'. ered cratur s are
A. Interesting la that
?"vl'h,y wore unknown
tVi' 10 tho white man
Wlr until Columbus dls-
u, VU covered the new
JS."' 11 world, tlio r ran at
sv'rrfK.,',n8 confined to
.f 'f7?t h e c ontinent of
J v America.
It I no' '-
V'-K nrallwt nlone who
has ton ii (I them
worthy of attention, Tho demand for
them la great for ornamental purpose.
Dealers, mostly Frenchmen and m-lgi-mm,
have establish 'd themselves In
many eltlea of South America for tho
solo object of buying nnd exporting
hummiiitf-blrda. From Santa to de
togota nlone many thousand of akin
are nnmially font to London and 1'iiria.
Tho Indiana readily learn the art
of skinning nnd preserving them,
nnd, because of the exceptional
protlts to be ,ot by thin Industry, they
oltnn trnverso great distances to pro
cure tho birds, liesldents of many parts
r.trtniN's rki.mkt cnic-T.
of Brazil employ their slaves In collect
ing and prepuilng the;n for European
market, a ml grent numbers are ship
ped from I!!o Janeiro, liahia, and l'er
cumhiico. Inmates of tho convents are
Hupplled with many of thn most richly
colored species for the manufacture of
artificial feather (lowers. Myriad of
bummers are also used by the native
of Mexico In making the wonderful
feuthor-pleturea for which the descend
ants of the A.tecs are famous, plumes
of different color boing employed in
plueo of pigments.
Thn. humming-birds constitute the
most remarkable feature of tho bird life
of the Now World. They have no repre
sentutives In any other part of the
earth. Alout .ltd dlstltiot species are
now known, while others are being
brought to light with almoht evory fresh.
Volloction made In Mexico, Central
America, or tho Iiiirher lands of South
America. They are most numerous In
mountainous countries, their center of
ahuiidaiioo boing among the Northern
Andos, between the parallel of 10 de
grees north and south of the Kquutor.
The gre.it focus of this feathered fam
ily Is In Kquudor, where mote than one
hundred species are tound, over half of
them being peculiar to that country.
Colombia has about one hundred species,
and Poru i.ud llollvla togother have
ninoty-six known species. In the
t'nl ted States only seventeen species
exist, the Valley of the Mississippi and
all the Stales cast of that river possess
ing only a singlo kind of humming-bird.
The geographical distribution of hum-mlng-blrds
Is very Interesting, some
species huving a widely extended range,
while others are eoullued to single
mountain peaks or valleys. One group
of them frequents the darkest and most
retired parts of the forjsts of Iirar.il,
from which fnot they have come to be
known as the Hermits.
The nests of humming birds are
among thn most beautiful examples of
avian architecture. They are usually
made very compact, most of them cup
shaped or turbun-shaped, the materials
composing them being ohlolly plant
down, interwoven with and strength-
cned by spiders' webs, and often ore
monted by au external mosaic of sniull
Notwithstanding their diminutive
Us, pugnacity It one of the most con
apiouous traits of buntming birds. Even
vln pi... rH if'-i'' -,',"t iMuvVgars
k. i nn
r t-'A 'A -sV , A
. til' -ia w
afraid of them, being compelled to rn-1
treat before the Impetuous assaults of
the tiny warrior, whose boldness is '
rnly equaled by thn llghtnlng-likn
rapidity of his movements, thus battling ,
any attempt at resistance on the part of j
the more powerful adversary. Thn
lnn e-like thrusts of the neodle-like beak
am usually directed nt the eyes of the
enemy. When two or more Individuals
of either set happen near the same spot '
spirited and often violent conflicts are
almost certain to ensue. j
While invincible aga'nst othee b.rds
sr-A(i!.r.n lovt crnt
of whatsoever kind, humming-birds nro
sometimes chased by the larger species
of bumble-bees, of which they seldom
take thn least notice, ns their superior
ity of flight is sufficient to enable thm
to leave the slow-moving Insect far be
hind. These tiny feathered beings nro
readily tnmed and soon become accus
tom d to tho society of human beings,
but they do not long survive confine
ment. Whether for want of sufficient
exercise or for some other cause un
known, they Invariably dio within a few
weeks. They are very inquisitive. ne
of them will potm.tiincs approach like n
flush and poise Itself directly in trout of
one's face, ltswlngs vibrating so rapidly
as to appear as a mere hnr.o on each
side of its body, which Itself remains so
stationary that the Inquiring expression
of Its bright black eyes and the outline
of nearly every .feather of Its compact
little tluro can be seen. But. the
slightest demonstration causes It to
vanish so swiftly that the eye can
scarcely trace the line of its fllirht. In
sleeping, humming-birds frequently sus
pend themselves by the feet, with their
heads downward, In tho manner of some
In feeding from flower to flow.r the
humming birds, besides obtaining nour
ishment for themselves, perform in the
economy of nature the same office as
insects, by transferring pollen from one
blossom to another, and thus assisting
In tho fertilization of the plants, l'rof.
Kobert HUlgwav, the distinguished orni
thologist and author or the monograph
quoted, stn'es that these creatures do
not feed exclusively on nectar obtained
from flowers, as is popularly supposed.
Insects furnish a large part of their diet,
and their crops and stomachs are com
monly found to bo filled with beetles,
bees, ants ami spiders. They rob spl-d-rs"
webs of the Insects which those
crafty arachnids have captured In their
snares sj Industriously spread. ' It is
very Interesting to watch them In the
performance of this thievery, which
they are obliged to conduct with great
skill and carefulness, inasmuch as they
themselves run a risk of getting caught
in thn wob, and the lurger spiders
boldly defend their homes against such
WHITS-BOOTKD A KKT TAIU
Intrusion. The bird will actually enter
the labyrinths of the web In search of
untangled flies, where sometimes there
Is scarcely room for his little wings to
perform their office, and the least devi
ation would entangle him in the com
plex Intricacies of ropes and gnya. On
the approach of the angry owner, the
robber shoots off like a sunbeam.
It used to be supposed that the bril
liant hues of humming-birds were due
to pigments, but it is now known that
they are attributable to the structure of
the feathers. Each feather, when mi
nutely inspected, exhibits myriads of lit
tle facets so disposed as to present so
many angles to the Incidence of light,
whloh Is thus diffracted or broken up
Into vivid rainbow tints. In most
species the gorgeous coloration is pecu
liar to the males, the females being, as
a rule, devoid of refulgent hues and or
namental plumes. In only one species,
found in Jamaica, Is the female more
beautiful than the male. The colors are
variously distributed In different speoies,
Hume, Instead of having luminous
throats, have the halo of radiance trans
ferred to their crowns, which are blue,
violet, red, or green. Frequently there
is a spot of glittering emerald green on
the forehead. But no description In
words can give a notion of the vivid
beauties of thn humming-bird which
flits from flower to flower
Whlt richest roses. thouh In crimson dressed
burluk from the nuleudur of his gorguoiM
What heevenly ttnU in mtngltnt redluoe fly;
Kscb rapid movement bring- a different dye;
Like scales of burnished auld they daulluf
Now siuk to shade, sow like a furnaoe slow.
Ji'sture, having provided the hum' I
mtog-wrus with auca brilliant piumugs,
did not Rlvn them vole (or song, and
the notes they titter amount to nothing
more than a warbling twitter, which lh
males produce during the pairing sea
son. They have remarkably large
breast bonen, for the attachment of the
powerful wing muscles. It In reckoned
that their wings vibrato as fast as SOD
timet In a minute. Ho great an exer
cise of muscular force as Is Involvod by
such rnpld movements onlls for an am
ple supply of blood, and this Is provided
for by a heart of unusual size. Thn
actual flying speed of the humming-bird
is less than the ordinary observer might
suspect, for the small slr.e of thn creat
ure adds to the seeming rapidity of Its
flight. Just is the little polling tug an
pears to move faster than the ferryboat,
though It really does not do so.
So far as the colora'lon of tho head
Is concerned, no other humming-bird
equals tho iiihy-and-topai!. it Is thn
species of which the greatest numbet
are exported from Houth America to
Kuropo, for tho purpose of adorning
hats nml bonnets, for t lie manufacture
of artificial flowers, etc, Huinmnlng
birds were great favorites of the
sneient Mexicans. They used thn
feathers for their superb mantles In
tho time of Montezuma, and In em
broidering tho pictures so much ex
tolled by Corte.. Their name signi
fies, in the Indian lenguage, "sun
beams," nnd tho.r feather am still
worn by the Indian women as dei ora
tions for tho cars. A poet once suid:
"Art thnn s hint hee. or hntterdv?"
"Koch and all thrte s hint in shsne am T.
A heo collpcllnir wweots from hlonin to bloom.
A buttertly Id brilliancy ot plume."
Have Von r:ver Noticed 11?
Did yon ever know a woman's char
acter can be read by her hnlr? . Palmis
try having gone out of date among fash
ionablo people, tin unveiling of the dis
position may be done by a close exam
ination of my lady's locks.
If the hair sho'vs much care, being
glossy, well kept, and every pin In Its
place, you may rely on It that shn Is a
lady, born and bred, .whether her own
or tho deft fingers of a maid arranged it.
(iloss only comes from constant at
tention, and tho woman of Innate refine
ment Is the one who lingers over
her toilet, revels In baths, and adores
shampoos. Therefore sign No. 1 rends
truthfully. Coarse hair shows humble
birth. Ilrown hair, as a rule, if of tho
peculiar line character that makes It
seem vory thin, will Indlcnto a good
dlspodtion. Hair that splits in the ends
Is a representation of tho owner's ten
dency to quarrel nnd have bickering
and differences on all occasions. HlncK,
glossy hair i-hows treachery; blonde.
Huffy hnlr wenkness nnd vanity; and red
hair, temper, but truthfulness. The
sort or hair known as drab, tho kind so
bard to match, and awfully high-price.)
when one wants a false bang, rend.
thus: highly sensitive and touchy.
Klthor dye your locks or expect to bo
road of all men, for though hands ome
times He, hair never does,
How to Clean llottlea,
It is surprising how ninny peoplo per
sist in cleaning bottles with shot nftei
the frequent cautions that have been
given. Nothing cleans a bottle so easi
ly as a handful ot shot, which can be
shaken Into every corner until tho glasi
fairly shines with cleanliness. Hut the
danger ot lead poltoning Is vory great,
even when tho bottle is rinsed out with
clean water, and it is doubly dangerous
when, as Is the usual ease, thnro Is no
rinsing out at all. A little clean sand is
a convenient and thorough bottle
cleanser, especially as It is absolutely
necessary to complete the process by
washing out the particles of sand which
adhere. When timo Is not an object, a
bottle oan ba well cleanso.l by aid of
potato parings, but as they must I e
corked in and left to ferment the plan
is too tedious for general use. But un
der no circumstances should shot be
used, especially in bottles about to be
filled with drugs or medicines.
Why Mnn Am llald.
"Fifty years ago It was an uncommon
thing to see a young man with a skating
rluk on his head," said a physician.
"Now most men begin to grow tald be
fore reaching 40, and many have little
balr left at 30. This Is due chiefly to
the heavy head coverings now worn.
Did you ever see a bald-headed Indian?
The ancient Greeks nnd ltomans went
much with their heads uncovered, and,
If we can depend upon the counterfeit
presentments of them left to us, bald
ness was very rare among them. The
hat most injurious lo the hair Is the soft
felt. The heavy cap worn by many
Northern people Is also a great promoter
of baldnoss. The high silk, or 'plug'
hat Is, perhaps, least injurious of any
bead gear now worn. I do not believe
that it was intended that the head
should have any covering but the hair.
Baldness Is the penalty we pay for per
sistent violation ot the laws of nature."
Wslea Went to the llucee.
Certain English papers at creating
quite a commotion over thn faet that
the Prince of Wales Instead ot attending
the funeral of Alfred Lord Tennyson
went to the Newmarket races. His
absence would be lss noted had any of
the royal personages been personally
present, but they were not. Surely In
an event of such national importance as
tho funeral of a poet ; freuto, and that
laureate Tennyson, the I'rlnoe, the
future Jiead of the nation, might have
foregone a day's rport to attend to
day's duty. Hud it been thje funeral of
a second Colly C'ibber attendance might
mean hypocrisy, but there could be no
imch feeling in laying Tennyson to rest
in Westminster. Tennyson was the
prince of Anglo-Saxon song, and. that
title he earned and did not Inherit,
Pats y Bkahs ot Howard County, Ind
ged 108 years, has been ' church ment
bar tut) years. y'
An Ohio Lad Who Knew He was to be
Killoi at Ksneaaw Mountain.
f-'tirolt is that
Otln nPl ... i.uL-
j J 'n unmistakable
terms to her vic
tims. Thftt death
is not always
true; and the
Rrest beyond Is
oft revealed to
mortal eyes. In
stances like that
which I am
about to r-tulr
In Innumerable number, be recottnte 1 by
comrades of the buttlelleld.
Around the taw of "Old Kenesaw Moun
tain' wo had been maneuvering for many
days. Constantly under tire, with death
staring lis ill the faro both by day and night,
we had become habituated to danger. Out
regiment had been o.i the front line the day
before, and, following ihe established rule,
we weie having a re.it in the third line from
the Iront. A short distance to the right ol
otir brigade the Johnnie) had kickcl up a
mall row, and tlirentutiltu an outIauglit
on our lines, we were hurriedly sent ovst
there lo strengthen tlio reserve. Arriving
on the ground wo took position In the rent
of nil. A the llring lulled we quietly sat
ourselves down to nwalt further develop,
ments. Hubert J. Itice, a private of our
company, came and tvA down by mv side,
and remarked: "We are going to have s
I saw no unusual Indications ot
such an event, an I replied to him accord
ingly. Without any appearniie of concern
or inarm be replied, "S'es. tte are; an,:
roineot ustvi.l be killed, I smong the nam
her; anil, Lieutenant. I want you to noticr
that I do my duty, and go its tat
ns any man." Hardly had lie lltiiahcd this
remark when we were tiille I to' attention,"
ami on the doublexpiick" we were lushed
to the iront, uoi stopjiinii uniil we reached
the reserve picket-line, entirely out ol out
place, in-cording to the reuu ar order ol
tliinir. On reaching the ro-ervn there va
consuleraiile i-onf usion apparent ill front,
and without weiuu r to citih breath. " 1 he
three left companies deploy a skirmisher,'
was the ringing command of our command
ing officer. On the run we obeyed tn or
Our, ami changing front we rul:ed down in
lo the woods. Ileaching the picket-line, we
halted, and without mtiug an introduction
we took part In repelling a sortie of tb
enemy, (dancing around to see how it was
with those under my command. I saw
Hubert in our Imme.liatn trout, with a
small tree for shelter, tiring ills rille with
great deliberation. Then it was that hi!
admonitions Ids premonitions of death
came back to me ao suddenly. Ves. ami
whilo I Infilled lie staggered and fell -.hot
dead. Willi a bullet through the head.
tine nisy say that such dangers as we wert
acciistuiue'd to had cau-cd Inni to think this,
'.hat he h id become despondent, etc. This
was not the case, because io Imil just joined
ns irom n long liege in the hospital. Thi)
w:is his first battle. We held that line, bill
our los was very. considerable. I think II
was an Illinois regiment that we assisted
One poor fellow in the pit occtloicd by us
was shot through both eyes. He lay on the
ground there aw bile, and only complained
that the tretcher hearers were slow in com
ing after him. lie grew Impatient and. get
li'ig on liia feet, made hi-s av back uuaid
td. WITH BUERMAN.
Anothor Chapter of the Peach Tret
tier.. Newton's Division, of the Kotirtt,
Corps, took a hand in this battle. Commie!
who have written bclbre have, doubtless,
de crilnil things ns they raw ilicin. and ai
memory lepriHluces; but men ill the lim
bad liulu chimes for observation. xcept in
their inimediaio Iront and neighborhood
TIih llriug had Is-gaii a little before uojii, til
1 remember it.
New ton's Division crossed the creek on
the bridge near that redoubt spoken of b
tho last comrade. Wo followed the roar
toward Atlanta. Our brigade was in tin
rear, and bad only reached n point about i
quarter of a mile f rom the bridgo when tin
Away to our right the roar of battle wai
tremendous. The smoke came rolling upa;
though ilio woods were on tire. We wen
not long in rxoecliincy. Our brigades Ir
advance, began tiring Inst and furious. Or
ilerlicscame riding back in all haste. Oik
of I hem stopped long enough to tell us thai
the whole rci.el army was bearing down up
on us; that he had been sent to ( ien. Thomuf
'1 heao brigades of ours came back down
the road in great disorder. Thev were be
ing naiiscd, mey suio, and tins, loo, on tn
left. The rebel lorce was between thorn and
the creek, and aeemed determined to gel
around and in possession of tbe bridge. Tin
creek along here was hardly forduble, the
water deep, and the banks of that kind ol
clay whick was more dilllcult to scale than
thoChiiiexe wall. J
Between in and tho crock, and In our rear,
was an open field. On t lie Huts next tin
creek was a cornfield. Whilo cheering wai
beard on our right, out of the woods on oiu
lett came n rebel column, company front,
on the double - quick, en route for the
bridge. Our brigade, hitherto in
active, quickly changed front and
began by firing into thii rebel column, and
wiiat with our bullets and the grape and
canister from the small works spoken ol
near the bridge, wo had the satisluction of
seeing tl.ia rebel column melt away before
tbe cornfield waa crossed. They went back
faster than tliey came out, and over the
My company stood picket that night.with
the line along tbe edge of the woods and
reached the creek. At break of day III j next
morning a Sergeant and myself made a rs
conuoihsance in our immediate front and
only s short distance in the wooda wo cams
scroaa a substantial earthworks built some
what in the form of a fort. At the time of
our visit there waa no living soul in it. noth
ing but n few surplus muskets, ruuteens,
rob-piAs, etc, I have always thought that
this storming or charging party came out ol
Hi is fort; and aa a part of the program ot
lien. Hood waa to seize and hold the bridge
comrades have previously told us how they
fared with our "Fighting Joe Hooker."
Their project fulled to connect.
We were told that Un. Thomas and atafj
actually manned theso guns at the bridge,
which swopt that cornfield and checked
that charge, I should really like to know
how thia waa. Can any coiuiade tell? 1 re
member seeing Hen. Hooker riding up lo
our lines and auylns". Boys, we have whip
ped them again."
I think this ths left end of Peach Tree
Creek. Ism aura there were no other
troops bet wren us and said ereek; and if
there bad been no Uettyibiirg, Chlckaoiau
a, Autletaru, or Shiloh this would bare
been quite a battle. K. C. Kics la National
Ko matter whore, you eo a sin, you
nay know that there Is a judgment
)ti Its truck.
0MB IMPORTANT HAPFENINOd
Ot Interest to Svslfsrs la ths Ktystsa
A CHANGED WATKIt COrrtSE.
A hsd owxkr Attsittmn ham tuns ron i::jin-
IKS CAt SKII SV IT.
An Impoitant rase was decided by a Dau
phin county Judge. The l.ykens Vslley
Coal Company changed the i-ourss of s
stream on its property and dumped a Isrgs
quantity of coal dust Into ihechannel of the
old stream. A big flood caused an overflow
of the stream and the culm was carried on
the land of David H. Klder, doing much
damage to It. Klder Instituted suit for the
recovery of ;,50), and the Jury awarded
him II, :'. If a new trial is not granted
the case will bo appealed to tlio iipremt
Court by the Corporation.
mvriis' not bk iotTi.it ovrn.
At an early h mr Utiuday morning ths
ground bej;an to settle over the workings of
the Latigcllff colliery at Avoca, caused by a
tsve-ln that took place in ths mine' during
the nijlit, doing cotisl lersble damage to
propi-rty. The place where Ihrt surface Is
settled Is known as "Brown's Patch" and
today It is reported that several acres have
gone down from two to six bet, causing a
few of Die miners' houses to topple over,
while many others sustain mote or less
rot.KY i.osks ills mum. st ir.
The Jury 111 the cafe of l'at ii k Foley, ot
Pittsburg, against Kdltor Laird, of the
Mrecnsburg .tviis, for criminal libel, io
turneda verdict ot not guilty. Two-thirds
of tho cost were assessed on tho defendant
and one-third on the plaintiff. The Anjv
In a political article referred to Foley as a
''rounder, heeler and rutflan."
UOT THE TOOIS IN A for PIK.
Frank Itndgi-a and William Murphy,
ptisnnersin tbe ltlair county Jail at. Hold
dayaburg on sti-picion of being the attempt
ed murderers of a man n Altisma, escaped
Friday night by digging through tho walls
wllh tools their friend on the outside sent
them concealed In a mammoth pot pie.
-. . -.
A savixii roll rr.Nsiox applicants.
Adjutant lleneral tirceiiland says appli
cants for pension, who have lost their
pa;ts, goto unnecessary exieuses in pay
ing ersons to secure from the dtpurtmetit
certificates show ing their service in the
L'nion army. These ran bo secured by
simply asking the department for them.
- - - -
AN H.WII.Y SK ATI Mi All IIU-ST.
William Poleskl, of Blackwood, aged n
years, while sliding on the ice at Black
wood reservoir, near Tremont, In company
with several young companions, broke
through and wus drowned.
.fosiAii I.yiiii K. a merchant of f ireeiivllle.
while crossing tbe street from ilia store to
bis dwelling, carrying a large sum of money
Monday night was altaekcd.hy a roliber w bo
felled Mr. I.vdlck lo the ground with a sand
bag nnd after rilling his viuiuis pockets, es
Wii.i.iam Wiiu.kx wss crushed by rock
falling on him at the. South West Councils
villel'oke Company's ni nes, near Ml I'leas
ut. He died aeveiul hours nlterwurd.
Ton business men of Bellefoulii are ex
cited over tho tact Unit t',,e town will likely
loso its free man delivery service. In 18ISJ
the postofllco receipts wore Ho.tioo. but lust
year they were only a rout 7,U'.0.
8TiT.pY night nnd Sunday Hie Phlla
denbia and Heading lisi road moved en ecu
trains from tho mines in the Schuylkill re
giou down their muiu I. no to anlewnter.
Kncli of tho trains averaged 00 gondola cars
or in all 3,000. Kacli car curried an average
of '2 tons, making h total of IO'.lho tons
for cacli ton the company gets sf.tsl main
line lolls, or in all J-MT. luj, which the pur
Kaiii., o 7-moiiths nld child of Mr. and
Mrs. A. Conip, of Harrisbiirg, was fatally
burned by tlio explosion of an oil lump.
A 2-VKAB Oi.o daughter of Hubert Mcehati,
of Pittsburg, was fatally burned. The child
was playing about a liro wben her clothes
Ignited, literally cooking the tlesh. Dr,
liruhain pronounced the child's injuries
Black diphtheria lias broken out with
grent virulence at Mammoth, a mining town
111 Westmoreland county near Ureensburg,
and a half dozen deaths have occurred.
A Lockport ( Wistmorelanil county) farm.
er discovered a broken frog on one of tho
main tracks of the Pennsylvania railroad on
Tuiailay morning Just in time to stop the
southwestern express, ;neieny saving u trora
Doing inrown iroiu me iracs.
A I.kiiioii Valley engine exploded near
8henaudoih Weiluesduy nig it. killing En
gineer William Hurry, of Shoemakers, and
seriously liijurtcg a lirenmu and a brake
A i.irn.r. child of Andrew Johnson st
Brady's Hun, was burned to deutli while
playing about a tire iu a room with oiber
At Beaver Falls Saturday afternoon dur
ing a foot-bill! game John Mitchell of New
Brighton was severely inju-eif. Little hopes
are ciiieriauieu tor ms recovery.
A (Tmuehi.ami county jury vesterd
rendered a verdict of t'M against t
Philadelphia ond Beading railroad, for ths
Killing oi i nsrtes r.vunocK, near Carlisle,
ra., in April isn.
Lab bum I county school directors favor
ires text dooks.
Mrs. Mary Wii.it ks, an aged crippled
lady, wasuttacked by two unknown men,
near New Fiureuce Sunday, and robbed yf
At Seliuylkillhaven, Mrs. Ann Davis
died at the almshouse, aged 101 years, Mhe
waa born in Wales in 17U1, and has been s
widow for tifty years.
Ai.bkiitTamnkr. a lumber merchant, of
Randy Lake, foil asleep in a train returning
irom uuiiuiu aim was ruaoeu oi Wioo.
This triasiiry of Mircer county, is In
straightened circumstances uocauae oi un
collected taxes during ths past three years,
aggregating about too.ouo.
A riHS that broke out in J. D. Hepburn's
reatsiiraut, Mahatley, destroyed all -lie
buildings from the river to Mahaffov Ho
tel, Ths loss which amounts lo thousands
of dollars, falls heaviest on A. I). Lydick,
who owned live of the burned buildings.
A. Hpeucer and J. D, Hepburn are also
Joaaru, ths five year old son of John
Henry, of Canoe creek, near Holiidsysburg.
applied a llshted match to hi clothing and
waa ourueu oevona recovery.
Goo never stops trylnif to uso an
tamest uiun because he now and theu
LATER KEYSTONE STATE ITEMS
A C03TLT CITT HALL.
The Philadelphia Building Has Cost I6V
900,000, and Is Still Unfinished.
m . f. - i -1 . i i - , . . 1 1 . I . - - T
I IJlillOf llMOIt . MT 1,1'lincil- linvs trwuw
. I . . ' r . I .
MINI mi iiioui-v w liniever lur llin s-wiimrui:-
tion of the public buildings shall be appro
priated out of the ptncceila of the snnliat
lax levy ior i;m, 1 unless in commission
shall within ten days tiirnl-h Councils with
Mnienipw exninitiug neiu ir item um
manner in which the appropr ati-.n n quest
ed Is to b expended, and also an approxi
mate statement of tbe sum necessary to com-
lilrtl nfwl la, v., tal. llm Ki.tl.ll.i.. la. nfwinl.
snce with existing plans and speclllcatlons.
j ii is ncitou mis long oeen :ooheo mr. j list
H..I.O.. ll.. 11.11. ... C..H....I..I.... ,l.i..l. I.H....U
charge ol llieere Hon of I'lil'adelph s's big
i. .. m u ........ i i ... . i. i n..iHUM
ner '.si yeais ago, snd basso far tielied all
aiienipts oi iiie city cm. -mis io impure into
it alitor. It ha' demanded certain sums
em n year, anil tlie money has been grudg
ingly handed nver. 'I he amount asked for
this year is slightly over -Ali0ii,iKHi. When
the eras-iioii of tlie building was liegnn it
was to be finished In a lew year at an csti-
........ ...a- at i.wi i.al at.... Sill .Ml a-tHat
liiinr,i aai n,nn . anait w a. f.
have been spent on it. N'obisly knows how
iniicn mote wtia lie reqinieu, aim no one o
11 -ves it will be llnlshcd before lbs begin
ning of the next century.
ths rr.titi.v iiKPotiT siioniNo what hasskk
At COM I'l. ISM I II.
tlie following summary has bren prepar-
d bv I-uetory Inspector n atcborn of tbe
work ilone bv his deiianment for Ihe vest
ending Nov. :io, IKti: Number of deputy
inspectors on Inspection work, n; number oi
ltisiections iiinde, f.lKlt; iiiiinlirr of males
employed wsere. iiixpeeiious liave been
niaile,'i:il.4ttl: number of tentnles employeil
where Inspections Have been made, 00, tl-';
of Ihe foregoing .Ihe number between li
ami ft) years of ase. .'H.J17; total number of
employe pi establishments that have been
Inspected. KW.tsis; total number of or ers
given, 1.704. Tbe orders were given as fol
lows: Fire escape to be erected. 1H7; elevat
ors to be guarded. 171; sjntlary orders given.
Hill, miscellaneous. 1.027: orders reported
complied with, 1.:UJ0; number of accidents
report i.d. U . They were as follows: Fatal,
34, sci ions, Or, less serious. I '.'5.
THK.CIWT TtTrHK STATK. V
AMI'TAST CiRNKRM. OIIHILANII rillfllta THS
IIOMKSIKMI EXPE.NSKS AT 4,"l0.0U0.
Adjutant tfeneral flreenland now esti
mates thecd of the leielit troubles at
Homestead to the State lor the pay. main
tenance and transsrtation of troops. etiM
nt (i4.Vi.imsi. Of this amount warraiils ba'vj
Ims-ii drawn iii tlie aggiegato sum of S.S76.-'
tSi 40. Tlie claim of tho Pennsylvania
Hailroad C utipany lor V.'.ism for transisir
latiou and o her claims not yet pild are not
Included iii this amount.
A PATAIa Boll.RR EXPLOSION.
' M um t'tn-NK. A fatal boiler explosion
occurred here at the power house being built
for the Carbon Caiimty Flcctnu Kuiaway.
Purtin Albright, the construction engineer,
was so badly scalded that boded, lie re
Sided at Money, Pa., mid leaves a young wile.
Francis liurward. ol this county, was bit
by dying debris and em hardly recover.
t'PN'NSY t.VANI a's CIIIAn riOl'IIKS.
The report of the coniml-sioner of Inter
nal revenue shows thiat Pennsylvania is now
the greatest cigar iiiaiiufautiiiilig Hinte ill
fliecouiiiiy. The number of cigars maniu
lacltire.l iii the State during tho lnt liscul
year was 1,'IJ,.):i,kho. winch was nearly
lisi.uoo.uuo in excess of tlie number mantis
faciureil In Sew York State and about four
times as many as din number in any oiber
A PK.TiTtnx is being circulated at Monon
gahelu City asking the coming council to
repeal the k,cul option law.
Mn. I.i7!.m ORM'i.n. of Ml. Ploaani,
'liaised with illegal liipior selling, was flnevl
tl.tioo und sent lo month to the woikliouxi
by Judge Doty, of Ureenstmrg.
BX-OOVEHNOB HOYT DEAD.
Be Quietly Crosses the Dark River. A
Sketch of His Military and Political
F.x-flovernor Henry M. Hoyt dieJ at
Wilkesbnrro, Pa., on Thursday. The end
was peaceful. Ms months ago be wo
tr.ckcu with parulj sis and three months
later he had another stroke and began to
ruil rapidly. Mr. Hoyt after the war was
never a strong man, having contracted a
disease in the army which made him mors '
or less of an invalid ever since. His estate
will not reach over .",000.
Henry Martyn Hoyt was born at-Kingston,
Luzerne comity. Pa.. June '8, lkl. ot
New F.ng and stock. He waa the son of
Hi,ba Hoyt, who emigrated to Luzerne
county from Diiubiiry, Conn. After work
ing on his father's farm, be went at the rge
of 14 to tho Wilkesbarre Academy, where
he prepare I for Lafayette College. Alter
studyiug two year ha went to Williams
College and graduated In tlie class of 140.
After graduation iia taught school for a
few years and Iben studied law under the
late tjoorge W. Woodward. He was admit
ted to the bar in 1.W. On the advent of the
Civil War ticneral Hoyt waa active in rais
ing the Fifty-second Regiment of Pennsyl
vania Volunteers, of which regiment be
wua appointed Lieutenant Colonel. He dis
tinguished hini-elf for bravery at Fair Oak
Chickuhominy and before Charleston.
His politics! career begun iu 107. when
he was appointed additional Law Judge of
Luzerne county. In 110 be was appointed
Collector ot Internal Hevenue lor the coun
ties of Luzerne uiid Susquehanna. In ltttM
ho was Chairman of the Republican State
Committee, and In 187s he was elected
Governor of Pennsylvania on a bant
money platform. Governor Hovt was mar
ried September i,l8.tt,to Mary K.Lovelanij.
Three children a son and two daughters
A very amusing trial developed out
of a suit of replevin for a dog brought
by Dr. E. T. Brady against John A.
Levi In Jusl.ee Shannon's Court, in
Kansua City, Ma, recently. Both
parties claimed the ownership ot the
dog. Dr. Brady's attorney, however,
tuted that they could prove the
duimantshlp beyond doubt by the
recognition ot tho dog-for Mrs. Brady,
and she was accordingly summoned.
The animal Immediately Jumped
from his placo In the prtsoner's dock
snd showed with every demonstra
tion of canine Joy his recognition ot
hi lulftress. In consideration ot the
adverse testimony this was still not
convincing to the Judge, so Mrs.
Uradv said that if she would sing a
certain song the animal, In response
to his trainifig, would loin in wlto
her in his dog fashion and voice and
Inir the song through. This she did,
and at tho first words of the sonu
the dog leaped fur Joy and fulfilled
his part ot the duot. Ho furthea
evidence was taken, and the canto
returned home with Mrs, Brady.