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title: 'The star. (Reynoldsville, Pa.) 1892-1946, December 28, 1904, Image 1',
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An independent journal devvied to the
interests of Reynoldsville.
Published weekly. One Dollar per year
strictly in advance.
REYNOLDSVILLE, PENN'A., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1904.
Trios. E. Evans
Hm bought Solomon
Shaffer's lumber of
fice hiii lumber yard
Ht this place and will
eontlnuu tho lumber
bu-lnc-s hi. ihn siinio
old stand. IIo will
m il II nj nnd nil kinds
Sand or Plaster,
Main St., Reynoldsville.
Girls to learn Weaving and
Enterprise Silk Co.
First National Bank
O F K K WO LOS TILL I..
Hvott Il't'letlnri, Prcldcllf i
J. . Klnu, !' I'i pp.'l iil:
John II. Kmiii Ik i aolilrr
(".oil .no I.-UhikI J.C. Klnit Pimlel Nohui
Jul. ii H. Corbet! .1.11. Kiiui'lipr
U. W. Fuller R. II. WlliHiii
Doe a irencrul banking tm!ni'H-and solicit i
the aci ourith if muivlmniH, professl uuil ineii,
tunnel, laochttntcH, miners, lumbermen himi
other, promising thu most direful attention
lo the :mH',nt'HHnf hII persons.
Safe Dinmlt Moves for rent.
Finr NutiuoHl Hunk liulldln-, Nolan bliiolc
I JENNIE B. PINNEY i
Solicits tbo patronage bo
fc-onorously tendered to
her husband, the lata N.
Gr, Finney, of Brookvlllu.
All of the
II Insurance Companies
represented by hi in havo
annotated bur as his sue-
Solicitor for Mrs. Plnney In Heyn
oldsvllle. w ' Ik
Th3 Cure that Cures
Whooping Cough, Asthma'
Bronchitis and Inolplent
Hold uj a. Ale. Btoke.
' ' '
ubkcrlb for '
The X Star
It you want the New
noise OF BIG GUNS.
FEAIUL fFFECTS OF THE TITANIC
U0fcO .it ON THE NERVES.
Even Old nnd Hardened Naval Men
Drrnil the Concussion and the Pli-ii-nl
Misery It Involves, While Anl
nin Itnrrlr Survive Its Deadly
"Men-of-war's men In action are more
concerned over the noise of the ship's
guns thnn over the danger of being hit
by missiles from the guns of the ene
my," remarked nn olllcer of the navy
who bus smelt his shure of powder In
actual nnval warfare. "They etui In a
measure get awny from tho thought
of being hit, lii'ciuiHo they arc too buoy
at their Hi n t ions to consider that
chnncc. But there Is no getting away
from the inline of your own guns. That
cnu't bo forgotten or wnnled off. The
men nro, In fact, no absorbed In wuIUiik
for tho barbarous detoniitlons from
their own huge barkers and In trying
to neutralize tho effect of the concus
Blon that they hardly think of the
projectiles from the guns of the eue
iny. "That It Is the noise of their own
gun that they nbhor, nnd that only, Is
shown by the fact that men-of-war's
men do not dread a battle more than
they dread target practice with the big
guns. They lire proud of their proll
I'icucy with the gigantic shooting irons,
and keen Is the ship nnd fleet competi
tion ut tlie business of shooting at tho
"flut the keenest among them hates
nnd abominates the noise. The men
simply cun't help making wry faces
over the announcement of ship or Uect
tnrget practice with the mnln butteries.
This drend of the roaring of the great
guns Is no indication of timidity on
tho part of the men who feel it the
strongest. It is purely a physical dread,
a Khrinking of the body and not of the
"Few men In the servite ever become
really used to the roar of the great
guns. There are ollleors and men la
the American navy who have been up
and down the world on iiien-or-wur for
a generation and who nbhor the ynwp
of the big guns as much today as they
hated It on the first duy they hnd to
stand for It.
"Ilrotr.od old sailor men of the navy,
who know Tangier and Tahiti as well
as they k viw New York nnd who are
ns easy In their minds when combing
shellac nlcnliol out of their mustaches
with imii'linspikcs as when winding ale
nt half a yen a bottle In Nagasaki, grow
grouchy and flue lndylsh under tho
strain of great gun practice nnd Incon
tinently curse the big barkers from 'nil
bunds to "pipe down' of a t.irgi't day.
Many hl'.n-ju- Ucts, In f:icl. purposely
break their liberty when they get lae
chance in order to avoid being on
board of their ships during great giri
"Half civilized men, fellows not high
ly organized, endure the noise of the
enormous guns much less gamely thnn
men of a superior order. The China
men, for example, go all to pieces under
the continuous upronr. Americans who
helped to tight the Chinamen's navul
battle of the Ynlu said the detonations
of their own guns drove slews of the
Chinese sailors stark mud nnd uludo
most of them, olHcors as well as men.
hysterical and of no account for fight
ing purposes. They simply couldn't
stand ,tho sound and the concussion.
The sailors groveled at tho feet of the
white gunners and. begged thorn to
cease firing. Some of them Jumped
overboard nnd perished by drowning
to get awny from the uproar. Yet a
Chinnmnn hasn't half as much fear
of death as tbo normal white man.
"White men, enduring the thing for
the first time, have to keep a mighty
strong clutch upon themselves to avoid
doing something foolish. Men new to
the titanic upronr have a peculiar and
almost unrcHlrulunhle desire to scream
with all their might while the big guns
"The old timers who hnve conquered
this impulse look dumbly and helpless
ly nt ono' another during great gun
prnctlee and sny little or nothing. But
they shake their heads in a queer sort
of deprecating wuy after each stupen
dous report. Tbese head shakings ex
press a good' many things, but nothing
more strongly than that the head shak
ers wish to gee-whiz that tbey were
somewhere else. ' '
"There Is simply ho way of explain
ing J list how It feels to be within cIobo
ehrshot of the barking of the big guns.
To know tho singular misery of It eaclf
man must experience It for himself.
"The mere concussion, let alone the
strain of waiting for each report, tells
severely upon many of the strongest
men. It catches' most fellows about
tho splno snd Jam them all over and
causes them to stay jurred for days
afterward. Such attacks sometimes
pass away wltb a series of atrocious
'It Is the nervous system that Is at
tacked, and the hurdiest and most rug
ged sailor men cuvo In under these at
tacks of concussion. It Is to be remem
bered, too, that the human being is
ubout the only animal capable of sur
viving the concussion following the ON
lag of big guns. . Inferior animals near-'
ly always die from the effects of the
TJje coucivuilon following, the firing
of a big gun nn a mnn-of-wnr hits a
hum on deck like a sharp clap of wind,
nnd when the full service charges nro
Used, ns In n battle, the concussion
will rip nnd tear a innn's uniform Into
rags. It seems mnrrelous that the
man's body Is not ripped and torn In
the same way, and the fact that It Is
not goes far townrd proving that man
Is about tho toughest nnd most
leathery live thing In creation.
"But the fellows 0:1 deck are better
off thnn the iniMrtmute chaps down
below- the men at their tire stations
cn the lower decks, but most partlcu
larl.v the members of the I hick gang,
or engineer's force. The black gang
fellows are, most of nil. the o.ies out of
luck during the big gnu pr.ictlce.
"Tho detonations come down the
hatches with a force of concussion
enormously nmplllicd by the narrow
ness of the passage, nnd the machin
ists and tiremcu nnd oilers and water
tenders nnd coal heavers are hit as by
Invisible pile drivers. The iidvant..e
of the fellows on deck consists In the
fact that they can see when each shot
Is going to be tired ami brace them
selves for It nnd lay against It. us they
say. They hnve a chance to get to
their tiptoes and separate th'-lr lower
from their upper teeth.
"But there Is nothing doing of that
kind with, the black gang. They have
simply got to take it ns It conies. It is
the horrible uncertainty as to the ex
act Instant when the next shot Is going
to be fired that tells on the man down
below, lie tries to figure out by guess
work Just when the next explosion la
going to happen, but this Is always
vain nnd fruitless figuring. , The det
onation nlways mills him when he
Isn't prepared for It. That is why the
language heard In the bowels of a
niun-of-wnr' during the raging of tho
big guns Is simply saddening to listen
to." Washington Star.
EAGLES OF SCOTLAND.
Where Ther Rnlld Their Nests and
How Ther Feed Their Tonne.
A writer who tins studied the habits,
of eagles nuiong the Scottish hills says
that the birds construct their eyries to
ward the end of March and the eggs,
which number two or three, are laid in
April. Eagles seem to prefer for a
nesting site some ancient pine with a
southern position and wide outlook or
a ledge on a cliff, but this writer no
ticed that they sometimes build their
eyries on quite smnll rocks, where they
can be got.nt without much dllllculty,
while all around are Immense preci
pices where man's foot has never trod.
It has been said that the eagle will
fearlessly attack any one attempting
to rob its cgg and young, but this is
probably muc'.i less often the ease than
is generally supposed. When one of a
pair of eagles Is trapped or shot the re
tnnining bird has often great dllllculty
In finding n unite and may haunt Its
nesting site for several yeurs by Itself.
While souring round nnd round their
eyrie the eagles utter a musical note
somewhat simllur to the cry of the wild
Young eagles when first hatched are
white balls of down, and many weeks
elapse before they are ablo to leave the
cyrlo. Their parents supply thein with
a very liberal larder, consisting princi
pally of ptarm'giiu, grouse anil blue
bares. Tho rush of their wings as they
swoop down on their luckless prey may
on a still day be heard ut a great dis
tance. Kagles at times will carry off
lambs and young deer and have been
known to drive deer over a precipice
and to tear them to bits while lying
lifeless ut tho foot. Sometimes they
will even condescend to bear off moles
and mice to their eyrie. Although the
eagle, as a rule, prefers to capture his
prey himself, yet ut times he Is not
above feeding on the dead carcass of a
deer or sheep and often gorges Llmseif
to such an extent that ho is unable to
rise after bis too hearty meal.
In most localities of Scotland where
the eagle bas'lts homo there will also
be found the boodlo crow. The eagle
will seldom If ever attack the hoodie,
but whenever the king of birds ven
tures too near tho former's nesting
tree the angry boodles will Immediate
ly drive off the Intruder. It Is laugha
ble to see the euglo llylng for dear life
before the fierce onslaughts of the en
raged crows, which swoop and dash
after hlin with shrill "criuis" until he Is
far from their nesting site.
' PerfeeWjr Consrentnl.
Naggaby When u man nnd his wife
think the mime thoughts simultaneous
ly It Is a sign that they are exceedingly
congenial. Woggsby-So? Well, then,
my wife and I are congenial ull right,
for the other night when she said that
lie woudered why I'd ever been such a
fool as to marry her I hnd been sitting
there In bIIciicc for half nn hour won
dering over tho same Identical thing.
' Snved the Trouble,
She 1 bey sny that the best hus
bands are ulwuys thoughtful In little
things. Are you that way, Mr. Smith?
Smith No. I don't have to be. My
wife always culls my attention to them
before I have a cbnnce to think. De
troit Free Press. '
nr Constant I'ae,
. "Yes. she's a woman of few words."
"And. mercy, how frayed she keeps
THE RAILROAD FIREMAN.
,'lnlldlnsi Fire In n Locomollre Is
Nat nn F.nar Job.
The average cltl.en nntnagm to set
Hie liouso In nn uproar every time be
hns to make n fire In the he. iter, but
his Job Is n trifle in comparison with
what n rallrond llremnn faces when a
new fire has to be built In a locomo
tive. As a starter about 2UO pounds of
wood nre necessary to tire up the or
dinary engine. The wood used Is old
rallrond ties cut Into convenient blocks.
When the tire box bus been lined with
wood It Is drenched with oil, and the
match Is applied.
As soon as the fire gains lieitlwny
forced draft Is applied, the operation
necessary being performed In the
rou ml house, where till apparatus for
quickly producing high temperature Is
at hand. When n good bed of blazing
wood hns been produced the llremnn
gets busy with his shovel, placing coal
In even layers over the tin iocs. This
part of the work Is hard oil the back,
and the nggrleved Individual whose
woes nre evident to the whole block
when he labors with the healer would
go down and out In the first minute nt
It. Under the forced din ft It Is only a
tew minutes before the. coal has been
reduced to n sheet of embers at white
heat, nnd by this time there Is enough
steam pressure generated to permit of
the locomotive being moved under Its
Continuous resort to the shovel on
the part of the fireman does the rest.
It Is only about once n month that n
new fire Is built In a locomotive while
In service. The balance of the time the
fire Is kept alight by being banked
when the Iron horse Is not on the road.
THE HAIR COMB.
It Wii In lleinnte Times I'aed In
It would be curious to know what
mystic meaning our forefathers at
tached to the simple net of combing
the hair. We learn from old church
records that the hull of the priest or
bishop was combed several times dur
ing services by one qf the Inferior cler
gy, but what such nqueer proceeding
signified no one knows. The comb Is
also mentioned ns one of the Imple
ments used during high mass, but only
when sung by a bishop. Muss combs
of the precious metals nre still reckon
ed as the most valuable possessions of
some European churches, though they
nre of no use in modern ceremonies.
Besides the gold and silver combs, tho
poorer churches had them of Ivory,
Iron, horn nnd even wood. Combs espe
cially known to antiquarians nre those
of Pt. Neot. Ht. lmnstan and St. Mai
ucldas. That formerly belonging to Ht.
Thomas, the martyr of Canterbury, Is
still kept In the church nt T hot ford;
that of Ht. Cuthbert, "the woman hat
er." at Durham cathedral.
From sundry references In old leg
ends to the use of the comb In divina
tions nnd from Its appearance In com
binations with pagnn emblems on rude
ly sculptured stones In ninny of the old
countries. It seems probnblo that It
was a widely known pagan device and
one tluit was highly venerated. Lon
The Girdle of Old. ,
Howell quotes us familiar a French
proverb. "II n qultte sa celnture" (He
hns given up bis girdle), which Inti
mated as much as If he bad becomo
bankrupt or bad all bis estate forfeit
ed. It being the ancient law of France
tbut wheu uuy man upou.some offenso
hnd the penalty of coutlscntlon Inflict
ed upou him "be used before the tribu
nal to give up bis girdle, implying
thereby thut the girdle held everything
that belonged to a man's estate, as his
budget of money and writings, tho
keys of his house, with his sword, dag
ger and gloves." The fuct thut tho glr
dlo was used as a purse bad much to
do with Its Importance In general ap
preciation. We have an English prov
erb confirmatory of this appreciation.
It is said, "Unglrt, uublost," and that
It was In very common use Is clear
from the frequency with which tho
phrase occurs In old out of the wuy
literature. Chambers' Journal.
Flowers of Good Cheer.
Although Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes
never practiced medlciue, those who
knew him intimately say thut he
cheered more sinking Invalids, cured
more sick peoplo and did more good,
even from a medical standpoint, thun
muny of bis young physician frlendJ.
The secret of his power luy In bis over
flowing cheerfulness uud kindness of
heart lie scutlered "(lowers of good
cheer" wherever he went. With blin
optimism wus u creed. "Mirth Is God's
medicine," lie declared. "Everybody
etight to bathe. In It. Grim care, mo
roseuess. anxiety ull the rust of life
ought to be scoured off by the oil of
"What hns bocome." asked the oc
casional guest, "of the pretty black
eyed girl who used to wait at that
table over In the corner?"
"What pretty black eyed girl?" frig
Idly inquired tho young woman with
the snub nose aud prominent chin.
"If I remember rightly, she bad a
little bit of a mole on one cheek."
"Ob. that girl with the blotch on ber
face? I think somebody married her,"
' "THE BLOTTED PAGE."
Defense In I.nndnn Pa er nf i
A United Btntes citizen of consider- !
ablo scientific attainments wus good
enoic'h to give to a representative of
the Dally (Iraplilc what tuny be called
the American view of British spelling.
"I see," he remarked, "that some of
the correspondents of tho Dally Uraph
lc have been complaining of the dis
figurement of English books by Ameri
can spelling. I should like to tell you
that we think our wny Is right nnd
that your wny In wrong, nnd perhnps
your editor will not mind If I venture
on n few remarks In defense of our
corrections. For" example, we write
'favor' and 'honor.' Well, 'favor' nnd
lionor' nre nenrer the I.atln original
thnn 'favour' nnd 'honour, which hnve
acquired their unnecessary 'u' by com
ing through the French."
"But If they have been spelled 'hon
our' nnd 'favour' for centuries, why
change them now?" '
"Why not? They were ns often spell
ed 'favor' nnd 'honor' In Shnkespeiirc's
day ns 'favour and 'honour.' You must
remember thnt spelling was extremely
uncertain In those Elizabethan days,
whence we nre believed to hnve drawn
the well of English nndellled. Ben
Jouson and Shakespeare, for example,
spell 'recede' In four other wnys 're
cead.' 'reeeiide,' 'reeeed,' 'receede.' "
"Let us lenve 'honour.' How do you
defend 'center?' " '
"Why should yon spell It 'centre'
when you write 'perlmenter' nnd 'di
ameter' nnd when Shnkespenre wrote
'scepter?' By history nnd analogy 'cen
ter Is more easily to be Justified thnn
'centre. Then ngnln." continued the
United States citizen, warming up to
his subject, "you write 'criticise,' nnd
we write 'criticize,' but our version
bulks back to the (Jreek original; you
write 'nlmnunc,' but why don't you
write 'almanack,' which Is more ar
chaic? You blame us for 'program,' but
you put down 'drum' without n scruple.
Many English people write 'tyre' for
'tire,' which any phlllloglst knows to
be a gross error, and almost every Eng
lishman, for no reason whatever, writes
waggon Instead of 'wngon.' Yo.i
know what Horace Giceley said when
he wns repronched for making that
mlstnke. He snld he hnd been taught
spelling In the good old times, when
people built 'wnggons' heavier." Lon
BITS FROM THE WRITERS.
A brave man doesn't think; he acts.
II. Rider Haggnrd.
Hurry, excitement, bustle these are
not good for people. Let us go slow
and live long. Frank T. Bullen.
There la only one wny in which a
mnn or woman can develop renl
strength, nnd thnt Is to fight unceas
ingly nnd to Btnnd absolutely alone.
To borrow one's mental fnre from
free libraries is like picking up eata
bles dropped by some ono else on tho
road nnd making one's dinner off an
other's leavings. Marie Corelll.
To go a-flshtng In the pond of the
past Is a pastime not devoid of charm.
What old, forgotten, fnroff things cun
be dragged up by the assiduous an
gler! Ella Ilepworth Dixon.
By leading people to suppose that
you aro as wise ns themselves you lose
opportunities of obtaining useful In
formation. They won't tell you things
they think you know already. Snrnh
Trace Your Fnmllr Tree.
A plcnsnnt pastime literally for
those who hnve no more pressing du
ties and wish to get outside their en
vironment ut least in thought will open
up before her who begins to mount a
family tree. Tracing one's genealogy
mtiy become probably will become
mntter of absorbing amusement and
attention, for It entails a thread gath
ered up here, dropped there, a letter
to write, a book to read, a register to
consult. To tho self absorbed, the de
spondent, the listless, one may recom
mond this diversion as certain to suit
even rather morbid conditions of tem
perament nnd yet as certain to gently
force the mind awny from Itself to oth
er persons nnd things in opening up a
wider and wider field of reflection.
Klmberler Slesre Untiles.
During Lord Roberts' tour In South
Africa he chanced to be In Klmberley
on his seventy-second birthday, and
tho people of thnt city presented him
wltb a pair of diamonds. Ono of the
"siege babies," a boy of four years,
made the presentation speech. During
the siege of Klmberley by the Boers
about fifty bnbles were born. Lord
Roberts bnd his photograph taken In
the midst of the "siege bnbles" on the
steps of tho town ball. Most of tbe
"siege babies" bear names recalling tbe
war. Thus, while "French," "Buller,"
'Methuen," "Bobs" and "Kekewlch"
were used, "Rhodes" was even more
frequently used, and "Siege" seems to
have been most popular of all.
ralnfnl Points Too.
"You're a queer looking thing to
want to fight with mo," said the young
bulldog contemptuously. "You're not
In my class." '
"Perhnps not," replied the porcupine
quietly, "but I think I can give you a
fewOtaU.' Philadelphia Press. ,
A SEASON'S PLEASURE.
What It Inst One Woman la Peaea
of Mind and Comfort.
Mary Makepeace sat down lu ber fa
vorite chair lu her own room and
threw her head buck, wltb a long sigh.
"No words can tell how glad I am
Hint I've niiide my lust visit for the
summer," she said. "Now I shall have
some pence, not to mention pleasure."
"lily deurl" suld her mother reproach
fully. "1 mean It," returned Mnry. "Of
course I like change of scene, but I
am tired of adapting my whole life tJ
others, ns I n in expected to do as a
"My dear!" snld ber mother again.
"Think how kind everybody has becu
"They meant to be they were kind,"
Mary said weurlly, "yet I feel as if t
had barely escaped with my life, and
you will ndmlt thnt Is not Just the
right kind of ufter feeling.
"Let mo Wu'll you, mother," Mary
continued. "At the Fosters' I cbnnged
my hours for rising, for retiring and
for eating my men Is. At the Lanes' I
changed father's politics for of course
I haven't any of my own to please
Mr. Lane, and I hnd all I could do' to
keep from changing my religion to
please Mrs. Lane,
"At the Jenkins' I chnnged all my
views about whnt constitutes diversion
to suit the family in general. At the
Pages' I entirely changed my point of
view concerning music and books. And
at the Xevlns', where I was ill, I
changed my doctor and took stuff
which I felt sure would poison me Just
to please them.
"I ate cheese, which I nbhor, and
gnve up fruit, which I like, - at tbe
risks'. I slept wltb closed windows at
Great-iiimt Maria's because she Is
afraid of a breath of air, and I drank
twenty-one pints of hot water the four
days I was at Cousin Thomas' to 'flush
"No," snld Mary In a firm voice. "I
pny no more visits for months to come.
Home keeping youth may have homely
wits, but if I go about much more 1
8iiall not hnve any wits at all."
TRUSTING TO FATE.
An Incident Thnt Gives an Inala-bt
Into Russian Character.
A few yeurs ago I was taking a
country wulk In Kovno. Tbe road lay
through a dense forest, and the dny
wus oppressively hot I arrived at lost
at a crossroad and sat down under the
shade of the trees to rest. A signpost
pointed Its two arms down tbe con
verging roads. On one of them was In
scribed "14 versts to Jauova," on the
other "17 versts to Shadowa." Present
ly the creaking of wheels and the slow
''clop, clop" of a horse's hoofs on the
road behind roused me. A cart plied
high wltb tinware was coming down
the road, with the driver perched on
the top of the load.
"Good day, brother," I called out as
the cart with its sorry horse, came
abreast of me. Tbe man returned my
salute, and tbe horse, glad of any ex
cuse to rest his weary legs, came to a
standstill In the middle of the road.
"Which way are yon going?" I asked.
"To Janova. There la a market there
. "But there Is also a market In Sba
dowa," I nnnwered, "and it la a more
Important place than Janova."
"So It Is, so It Is," the driver replied,
"What have you for sale?"
"Plenty of good tinware, at you can
see, brother. I have worked for six
weeks to make this cartload."
"Well, good luck to you and your
tinware," I said, pulling and eating the
berries within reach. "Will you take It
to Janova or Shadowa?"
Tho man picked up the bit of cord
which served as reins and prepared to
"I shall leave that to my horse," he
The lumbering wagon moved off and
finally pnssed out of sight down the
Janova road, which the horse had elect
ed to take. St James' Gatette.
Memorial to a Robber.
In the little town of Forllmpopolt,
nenr Bologna, there Is a memorial tab
let In the Municipal theater to tbe mem
ory of a famous robber chieftain named
Passatore. Tbe reason why tbe the
ater Is the home of his memorial Is
thnt in It was performed his most fa
mous exploit In September, 1854,
while one of Rossini's operas was be
ing performed in the presence of all tbe
local beauty and fashion, Passatore
and bis band "held up" the audience
and robbed them of all their valuables
to the lust penny.
The Exact Aaaomnl.
"Yes," suld the man who had been
generous with his friends, "I've lost
faith In humankind to some extent"
"To what extent?"
"Well, to tbe extent of about f 1,000
in blocks of $5 and flO at a time."
The Wlf-I fully realise that I
ongbt to economise. Jack, but Tbe
Husband But what? Don't you know
where to begin? The Wife Oh, yes;
tut I can't decide oa tho time. Town
A GOOD WIDE YAWN.
9 la a Hplendl.l Ret Iter For the
A good, wide, open mouthed yawn Is
a Splendid thing for the whole body. A
yawn Is nature's demand for rest
Some peoplo think they only ynwn be
cause they nre sliepy. but tl.Is Is not
so. You ynwn because you nro tired.
You may be Bleepy also, but thnt Is not
the real cause of your yawning. You
are sleepy because you are tired, and
you yawn because you nre tired.
Whenever you feel like yawning Just
ynwn. Don't try to' suppress It be
en use you think It Is Impolite to ynwn.
Put your hnnd over your mouth If yon
wont to, but let the ynwn come. And
If you nre where yon enn stretch nt the
some time thnt you yawn Just stretch
and ynwn. This is nature's wny of
stretching nnd relnxlng the muscles.
Don't be nfruid to open your mouth
wide and ynwn nnd stretch whenever
you feel like It. Indeed. If you nre
very tired, but do not feel like ynwn
lng, there Is nothing thnt will rest you
so quickly ns to sit on a straight back
chair, nnd, lifting your feet from the
floor, push them out In front of you
as fnr as possible, stretch the arms,
put tho bend bnek, open the mouth
wide nnd make yourself ynwn.
Those tense nerves will relax, the
contracted muscles will stretch nnd the
whole body will bo rested. Do this two
or three times when you nre tired and
see whnt It will do for you.
DURER AND LEONARDO.
Tfixplnnntlnn of the Differences Be
tween Their Work ns Painters.
Durcr was born a Germnn, Leonardo
an Italian. This sums up much of the
difference between their work as paint
ers. The Italian race, under Its sunny
skies, hns nn lntxiru love of beauty.
The German, lu a sterner climate
"How I shall freeze after this sun!"
wrote Durcr, during his stay In Italy,
to a friend In Nuremberg retains to
this dny the energy Hint carved its
way through the vust forests of his
country uud soma of the gloomy ro
mance that hnunled their dnrk Shad
ows. The German spirit Is character
ized by'n "combination of the wild and
rugged with the homely and tender, by
meditative depth, enigmatic gloom,
sincerity nnd energy, by Iron diligence
and discipline." Very rernarknblo qual
ities these, unit to be found In Durer's
work, which Is the rea.son that we de
scribe him ns being so representative
of the Teutonic nice.
But It was not only the difference of
race that helped to mold tho genius of
these two men differently. Each was
a manifestation of the "new birth" of
art aud learning that was spreading
over Europe Leonardo of the form of
it which appeared In Italy and Durer
of that which prevailed in Germany.
SHAVING IS ANCIENT.
The Custom Was Probably Followed
In Prehistoric Tlmea.
It is not Improbable that prehistoric
man shaved, for curiously shaped
shells and flint flukes have been dis
covered which hare been supposed to
be very ancient razors. In remote parts
of China men have their chins scraped,
without water or soap, by instruments
very similar to these, nnd the men of
the stone age would most likely find
out at a very early stage that to leave
hair upon their face was to give a use
ful bundle to their enemies.
Thut, indeed, was the reason why
Alexander the, Great compelled his sol
diers to shave, and his order is among
tho earliest definite Instances of shav
ing upon record, although there can be
no question that the practice existed
long before his day.
Tbe oldest Egyptian sculptures show
some men clean shaven, and others
partially so, with curled beards. It Is
recorded In Genesis that Joseph, when
he went from prison to tbe presence of.
Pharaoh, about 1500 B. C, "shaved
himself and changed his raiment."
The palace of Alexander the Great
was an Imposing structure in Us time,
aud the wonder Is that any vestige of
it stands today. It was built lu a man
ner much more substantial than that
of today, though advocates of steel
construction . claim that the modern
structure will defy, time us long as
any of those built by the ancients.
Time alone will detcrmluo how much
trulb there is hi this contention. On
the Asiatic plain are the massive rem
nants of an ancient gateway . fringed
with weeds, and, vaguely knowing who
he wus, tbe natives tell that this Is all
that Is left of the palace of Alexander.
The Patient's Idea.
Dr. Price-Price (diplomatically) I
don't know whether I sent you a state
ment of what er you owe me. Mr.
Knox Neither do I. Dr. Price-rrice
Ah, you didn't get it then? I guess I
didn't send you a statement. Mr. Knox
Oh, yes, but it looked more like a
statement of whut you think I pos
sess. Cutholic Standard and Times. .
A BnrnlnaT Mistake.
BUkins I never knew Cockshure to
acknowledge thut be had mude a. mis
take. Pilldns I did once. Bllklnst- '
How did it happen?' Pilktns He put
tbe lighted end of his cigar In his