Newspaper Page Text
AMERICAN GIRL'S FOOTWEAR.
There nre no women of any country
that dress the foet as prettily at Amor
Iran grt do. In fact no women who
fcave such pretty feet to dress.
Spanish women have tiny feet, but
they are too short and broad for real
beauty. And French women, by some
mysterious process, always wear sninll
nhoes, no matter what size foot they
I) a vp.
Rut the foot of the American girt,
which Is as famous as her wit and
beauty, Is always small enough to ex
actly suit her slender, thoroughbred
build, Is exquisitely modeled, rarely
(nowadays) pinched, and dressed with
the utmost taste, appropriately for
It was this side of tlio Atlantic, that
women started the fad for the stout
mannish cut of shoe for street and
country sports, and It took the Amer
ican girl to first refuse to play tennis
In French heels.
This does not mean that English
girls hare not worn big calf skin shoes
Always a lot, and frequently inappro
priately. Every one knows the British
pirl's propensity just the reverse of
the French for wearing shoes that
make her feet look large even If they
chance to be small. Hut their stout
boots arc coarse in texture and com
mon In cut; while though the Amer
ican girl uses for heavy wear heavy
wots, they are of the smartest cut,
the most flexible material, and while
never tight always fitted to perfection,
comfortable over' the Joint and snug
up under the Instep.
For a while she did make it a little
bit of a fad to accentuate the man
rriahncss of her boots, her soles were
uselessly wide nnd thick, but even
then carefully fitted and most swag
ger in cut and finish. But this sea
eon her street boots are Just heavy
enough for protection, no useless
weight, and as perfect In make as her
Her outdoor shoes, high and low, are
ct a calfskin, softly dressed, or of
dongola kid, or a dull-finish leather.
For nice street wear, shoes are a little
more pointed at the too and with Cu
ban heels, of patent or enameled
For home wear, for afternoon re
ceptions, for evening, shoes may this
year match the costume, and for
dancing they must' White nnd pink
and yellow suede or dull kid for danc
ing, slippers, tr lace over satin, or
painted satin fire best form.
With many varie'les of brown cos
tumes, bronze slues nre extremely
good style, nnd so nre brown suede, al
ways with stockings to exuetly match.
Of course you can bo very well
dressed by adhering to patent leather
.for nil day-time dress occasions, but
for evening a black or bronze slipper
would be inartistic ' dressing; and
white, though it can be worn with
tinted frocks, is only best style wlUi
But quite as Important as shoes to
match gowns nro the stockings to
match shoes, and there has never beeu
a season when such an InUiiito va
riety of colored stockings were to be
aeen la the shops.
Browns In every possiblo shade of
onion-skin, mnhogany nnd docque de
roche tones; blues nnd purples; reds,
light and dark and in all strawberry,
pond lily and watermelon tints, and
yellows, pnle and oranges.
And newest of all, shaded stockings,
xvulte at the hem nnd deep-toned nt
the toe, and every sliade of one color
In between; not a bit good taste, but
nevertheless with some popularity.
The open-wori etocking that was
entirely crowded out by the gauzn
niesh stocking last year, is coming in
again this winter, the open-work show
ing elaborate lace designs and fre
quently inset with lace.
It is still smart, though eccentric,
to have a monogram on the left in
step. And just at this season of out
door sports college girls and school
plrls frequently embroider the flag of
their brother's college on the instep
of a ailk stocking. Or a sweetheart's
Initials in hit college colors adorn a
And all this colored silk embroidery
on stockings, and also the craze for
colored hosiery, brings up the torment
lag question of laundering without
losing color or lustre. The ordinary
process of boiling and rubbing means
ruined hosiery of the delicate sort.
Indeed so heavy can the loss be from
careless washing of line stockings,
that a great many girl- do up their
own, Just as 'they do their laces and
tuble embroideries. Their plan la to
. use warm water made soft with borax
and soapy with taut lie soap. First,
they souk the stockings for half an
hour in cold borax water, four tea
apoonfuls to a pall of water. Then
Into a pall of water that has Just
boiled is shaved a quarter of a cake
Of soap with a tablcspoonful of borax,
i The stockings are rubbed a few min
utes by hand, rinsed twice in cold
water and lot .drip dry in the shade.
Out of doors in the wind Is best, but
surely out of the suu. All of this
means not each laundering. And it's
worth the trouble if you waut to fol
ow the fad for pretty hosiery.
NO TITLE LIKE "MOTHER."
There is 110 title mora beautiful than
"mother;" the good woman glories jo
It and fits herself to be worthy the
sin In ever saaae. Willingly she
goes, down Into the valley of the shad
off of death that she may rise almost
glorified In her new honor.
Unfortnnately, there are many er
ring, selfish mothers, as well as good
ones many who should never have
been mothers. The woman who ac
cepts the crown of motherhood should
discharge her duties faithfully, even
though they involve sacrifice. Rever
ence would be the natural possession
of every child If the parents were
worthy the respect of their children.
Parents may feel that It does not mat
ter whether their children respect
them or not: that the achievement Is
not worth the effort which it costs
thorn; but It matters to the children.
Their own welltieing demands that
they reveveiiee father nnd mother.
As binding as this duty should bo
considered by parents, equally so Is
the one of providing In early life for
their own old age. Parents should
not, when the evening of life comes,
be dependent on their children, thns
Interfering with the responsibilities
those children must nattirnPy have as
sumed. A mother has no niornl right
to Interfere with the marriage of her
daughter; It should be the duty nnd
privilege of a mother to teach and fit
her daughter for wife nnd motherhood.
A good mother cannot be forsaken
In her old age. nowlthstanding the nu
merous duties a daughter may assume;
that daughter will always find time to
cheer nnd solace the parent stem; the
golden quality of mother love wilt
beget love untold. To the aged mother
or father, for whom the sands of life
have nearly, run, every thought of
daughter and grandchild will be a
solace. Every triumph, every woe of
the absent child will be sympathized
with by the parents who have proved
themselves worthy. There nre sure to
be days when, with aching heart and
tired brain, the child will give any
thing on earth to creep Into the humble
home nnd feel the embrace of those
loving, aged arms. What a comfort to
the parent who has been i. worthy one
will such actions be only the mother
henrt, tried and true, can tell!
No woman has the: right to deprive
her child of its rightful inheritance.
Parents owe it to themselves and their
children to make easy the downward
path of life; they should also fit them
selves to be companionable, sweet
tempered and unselfish to those about
them in the declining years of their
The mother who has become selfish
and irritable in her old age must surely
have been amiss In her younger life,
for trials und sorrow and suffering
tend to make a good woman better;
they nre brothers to knowledge, be
cause they educate and refine.
The mother who has become an In
valid or Is In poverty should not be
deserted by son or daughter; yet some
other means, rather than the sacrifice
of a child's dearest hopes, should
be devised for the 'maintenance and
comfort of such a parent. Herein
comes the blessing of making one's
self sweet tempered nnd adaptable.
A good mother is a blessing and a Joy,
one to bo prized above ail things else;
her name should be breathed with rev
erence. A bad mother is a lasting
disgrace to children aud the commun
ity. Some mothers will not live alone
and refuse to have a son or daughter
In-law iu the house, or to live in the
house of a son or daughter-in-law, lest
their llttlo failings become known
selfish, selfish to the core! To tho good
mother every head should be bowed;
earth and heaven will do homage to
her. For the selfish mother there Is
only a lonely old age. A. F. M., in the
New York Tribune.
IN WRITING. A LETTER.
Do not WTlte long business letters.
Do not write brief letters of friend
ship. Avoid writing over the bead of your
Never use words with which you are
Always use unruled paper of fine
texture. Avoid a pronounced color.
Under no circumstances send half a
sheet of paper, even for the briefest
Use only black ink.
Never write of another anything
which you would not want him to see.
Do not write of personal or other
important matters to strangers or or
Do not fill your letters with lengthy
excuses for your silence.
Do not offer advice unless you are
asked for It, and should you have
occasion to admonish your friend, let
It be done gently and lovingly.
Do not send an Important Message
on a postal card and never use them
for notes of invitation. The Inquirer.
LONDON'S BATHING WOMEN. '
Who could guess that London's edu
cation committee employs bathing
women among its numerous classes
of 'workers? Yet such is the case.
They are called in to superintend the
washing of children in the schools for
the mentally deficient They are paid
sixty cents for one and a half hours'
work. In addition, however, they are
called upou to wash the towels aud
tidy up the bathroom after use,
lira. Leland Stanford is now In the
Esst In an endeavor to find a minister
for Stanford University to succeed the
Her. Heber Newton, resigned.
New York City. Simple waists with
fralsteoat effects are among the new
est features of fashion aud exceeding
ly attractive. This one it mude of
BOX I'l.EATED BLOl'SR WAIST.
royal blue chiffon taffeta combined
with ecru lace, but It is Milted to all
walstlngs and all simple dress mater
ials as well as to both the entire
gown and the odd waist. The sleeve
extension, which form box pleats
A LATE DESIGN
over the shoulders, make an especially
noteworthy feature and are becoming
to the gcuerality of figures. When
liked, the vest can bo of velvet or
other contrasting material so making
still greater variety.
The waist is made with a fitted lin
ing which can be used or omitted as
preferred, and consists of the fronts,
back, centre front and vest portions.
The lining is closed at the centre front,
the waist invisibly beneath the edge
of the left front and the waistcoat at
the centre. The sieeves are made in
one piece, mounted over St ted linings,
on which the deep cuffs are arranged
and their extensions are arranged over
the shoulder seams.
The quantity of material required
for the medium size is four yards
twenty-one, three aud one-half jards
twenty-seven or 1 and three-quarter
yards forty-four inches wide, with
three-quarter ysrds of all-over lace to
make as illustrated.
If long, tight redlngotes and basqued
Jackets are all the rage, the little,
short loose paletot has certainly not
disappeared, for I se many editions
of it among the new models, and I
gladly ball its appearance, for it is so
useful aud eouvenlent and looks Just
the thing to wear with a simple skirt
With a Trio of Houuuh
Though ruchlngs on aceordloned
flounces are yet evidences of petticoat
prettlness, a lovely novelty in brown
shows three flounces, each hemmed
top and bottom, each shirred three
times, and each sewed to the ope
Lovely as 'possible is a pastel cop
per atole of marabout feathers, with a
liberal sprinkling of ostrich. At the
ends It la nearly while.
for morning expeditions, shopping,
etc. The new "t'arrlcks" are cut In
much the same shape and have capes
that come over the shoulders, but with
out covering up the coat completely.
They are fastened to the side seams
and so do not Interfere with the grace
of the silhouette. Many Carrlcks are
unlined, the big pelerine being suffic
iently warm. These outer sleeves or
capes are fastened with automatic
buttons so that they can be taken off
If desired. Paris Fashions.
tilnnte or Shirt WaUt.
Waists that are simple In style yet a
little more elaborate than the shirt
waist till many needs anil are In great
demand. This one Is exceptionally at
tractive and .Is adapted both to the odd
waist nnd to the entire gown as well
ns to a variety of materials. As Illus
trated, however. It Is made of dark
red ehllTon taffetn stitched with cor
tleelll silk and worn with a blavik tie
and belt. The yoke adds largely to tho
effect and Intensifies the broad shoul
der line, but can, nevertheless, be
omitted when a plainer waist Is de
sired. The wnlst consists of the fitted lin
ing, which Is optional, fronts nnd back,
with the yoke and sleeves. The
sleeves nre made In one piece each and
nre laid In pleats both at the upper
edge and above the cuff portions. The
closing Is made Invisibly at the left of
BY MAY MANTON.
the front and the neck la finished with
a regulation stock.
The quantity of material required
for the medium size la five yards twea-
BLOttNK OR SHIRT WAIST,
ty-one Inches wide, four yards twenty
seven inches wide, or two and three'
quarter yurdji forty-four inches wide,
Ptilt, Mhuula !
One of the prettiest of the simpler
gowns Is gray luce combined with ill
rer lace. The high bodice has a yoke
and collar striped with silver, and the
draped girdle Is largely composed of
the silver. The skirt Is full and long,
and bus several Hues of the silver
tbove the hem.
BulUiflr on Bba.
Quite the lutest butterfly vogue Is
to weur a butterfly ou the front of the
The Cotswold Shsep.
Cotswold sheep have been bred pure
for at leant three centuries. The Cots
wold of today Is In many ways at vari
ance with the old type and It Is sel
dom now that we see a flock of pure
bred Cotswold that cannot lay claim
to the Ideal type of a combined wool
and mutton sheep. Truo, they are as
large a breed as we have, but did you
ever know of a market on which a
prime Cotswold lamb would not bring
the top figure?
Borne very careful experiments have
been marie In recent years to test the
different breeds for profitable feeding.
Tho Cotswold nlways Is right nt the.
top. Tho now desirable export trade
demands the heavy weights thut Cots
wolds rtinUo at two and three years.
Cotswold ramH have been used by tho
largest sheep company In tho west
chiefly tor tho last IB years. New
stud-breeding flocks are being found
ed all over the country to supply the
demand for Cotswold rams that Is In
creasing with each succeeding year.
As sheep of beauty and high charac
ter In their whole general appearance,
It can be said that no other breed
equals thorn, and for real sterling qual
ities as a wool and mutton producer,
they are more than holding their own
in this country.
Farmers will have their own views
and practices how to apply the ma
nure. Circumstances and conditions
will make more or less difference. A
farmer Hhould study the matter care
fully and by experimenting on his
own land try to find the best methods.
Both methods of plowing manure
under and surface applications are
practlcod, and each will have Its ad
vantages. Coarse, strawy manure
should produce the best results by
plowing under, as It Is difficult Incor
porating It with the surface soli to
any satisfactory degree by harrowing.
Turned under It will be out of the
way of cultivation, decay and furnish
food for the roots of the plants as
they extend downward.
It will also serve to lighten the soil
and furnish vegetable matter which Is
of Importance. The wrltor usejl to
have an idea that surface manuring,
at least on his own laud, was alto
gether the boat, .but later develop
ments rather Indicate that plowing tho
manure under has Its advantages, and
Is to be preferred.
Of course, soils, seasons and depth
of plowing will have some Influence
or affect In the matter, and one should
not be so decided In his opinions and
practices that he will not be willing to
make a change when Indications point
to an Improvement In so doing.
Then, In conclusion, do all possible
of the plowing In the fall, do It In the
best manner, and carefully apply all
of the manure available In the manner
calculated to do the most good. E. R.
Towle, In The Massachusetts Plough
man. Crib-Biting and Wind Sucking.
A noted English veterinarian says
that he couples these bad habits to
gether because they ofton are Insepar
able, and says:
"Either may exist without the other,
but one (crib-biting) may lead to and
end In the establishment of the oth
er. Crlb-bltlng Is hnblt contracted by
Idle horses who start by playing with
the manger licking or biting It It
may be copied from the habit of an
other horse, aud therefore a crlb-blter
In a stable Is undesirable, because it
may teach other horses the habit. Just
how and when it arises is a difficult
question to answor. I remember one
case In which the habit was contract
ed In only a few days. A horse may
"crib" and not wlndsuck, In which
state I hold the horse has a vlco.
When he wind-sucks. Is he vicious or
unsound? Mere cribbing does not dim
inish his usefulness. Wind-sucking
may not Interfere with the working ca
pacity of a horse doing regular, con
stant work, but should anything occur
to prevent his working as, for In
stance, a lame leg or a sore back he
will soon diminish his capacity for
work. Most horses require some rest
ing place for their teeth or Jims bo
fore they wind-suck, but a few are
able to do so with no fixed point to
rest against. The evil of wind-sucking,
I assume, is the distention , of the
stomach by swallowed air. This leads
to gastric defect. ' I do not believe that
the habit has, as a predisposing cause,
a gastric affection, nor do I recognize
any evidence that Indigestion leads
to wind-sucktng. I consider it merely
a bad habit a vice loading to un
soundness." Indiana Farmer.
Profit In Guineas.
One branch of the poultry business
has been very much neglected, and
that is guinea raising.
A flock of guineas are about the
most profitable that can be kept If
they can have the range of the farm.
The common guinea Is Just as good
as the albino or white variety, but
when cooked the flesh Is not so white,
la the morning when let out . of the
poultry bouse they often stop no long
er than to pick up a little of the grain
given to the flock before they wander
to the fields in search of weed seeds
an! bugs which tbey like better than
anything that can be given them. They
never becomo tame like hens. Tbey
will lay In the nosts with the hens dnr
Ing the forepart of the season, but
when ready to set they will steal oft
and hide their nests and hatch their
eggs unless watched. Do not let them
hatch their own eggs, as they are most
careless mothers and a guinea hen
that will raise two chicks out of 20
hatched will be doing pretty well.
Hatch thorn under hens and let the
hens raise them. They will develop a
great affection for their foster moth
er, refusing to be weaned during tho
wholo season and following her faith
fully whenever she Is out of the poul
try house. When first hatched guineas
aro exceedingly wild nnd unless con
fined will wander off and porlsh, leav
ing the nest very frequently and with
in two or three hours after hatching.
Guinea eggs do not 'sell well on the
mnrket because of the small size, but
for house use they are as good as any
nnd are produced In such abundance
and at such little cost that any one can
afford to keep a flock for the eggs. B
sides being a cheerful bird, they are
as good as a watch dog to tell when
st rangers are around. They detect a
stranger as soon as he comes near and
set up tholr shrill cries. They also
serve to frighten off hawks as they
are sure to raise a clamor If one
comes In sight Mrs. Henry Koster
before Dubuque County (Iowa) Farm
ers' Institute. ,
The Busy Bee.
If your hives are poorly sheltered,
or full of cracks, the heat will pass
out and the bees will have to consume
Just so much more honey for fuel.
If your bees have a good warm hive,
a good queen and plenty of honey,
very little care will be required from
you until next swarming time arrives.
If any hives are gaping In the cor
ners now will bo a good time to renall
them, and put on an additional coat of
Do not try to keep your bees warm
by closing up the entrances of the
hives. Make the top as tight and warm
as you please, but allow sufficient bot
To protect empty combs from the
moth larvae, place them where they
will get a good freezing during win
ter. Nearly all empty combs will be
found to contain moth eggs in au
tumn. If the combs are kept In the
cellar, or other moderately warm
place, theso eggs will hatch Into lar
vae, and feed upon the honeycomb.
Look out for mice getting lato bee
hives during winter. They play havoc
with the combs.
Remember, It Is Just as Important
to take proper care of the honey, and
put It on the market In a first class
condition, as It is to use the best and
most economical means of securing It.
One of the essentials of proper care
Is keeping the honey In a very dry and
warm place; especially is this true of
comb honey, or extracted honey In
Honey taints very easily, and for
this reason It is best to use as little
smoke as possible when extracting.
After many experiments In melting
honey, I have come to the conclusion
that It cannot be done without Impart
ing to It a waxy flavor.
When hunting wild bees, light a
small fire and burn small pieces of
old comb or beeswax, drawing the'
bees In this way. Then take a comb
of honey and let tho bees settle on It,
and place it Inside of a box. When your
first bee gets filled, keep your eye on
her. After circling several times, each
circle being larger, she will start on
a straight line from you sometimes
she will start for home when so far
away that one needs good eyes to see
If the colony Is close by, there will
soon be others following the' first bee.
When you can see them leave the
comb and go without circling, then get
a direct line marked by something you
will remember. Get some of the bees
Into the box and carry them to some
other location where your observa
tion will not be broken by trees, and
let your bees down on the comb,
watching them as before, till you se
cure a straight line from this point.
Now, all you have to do, Is to follow
up this line until you como to where
the other line crosses. F. G. Herman,
In The Farm Journal.
Pinning Off Onion Smart,
"I have beta putting up preserves
and pickles for. thirty years," said a
Brooklyn housewife of the old school,
"and I discovered the other day that
I am not too old'to learn something
new. I went to New Jersey to see my
son's young wife, an Iowa girl. They
were married last winter. She was
putting up onions a decldodly dis
agreeable task. But her eyes ere
not watery. Tbey were as clear as
the Bky. She slmplynodded and mut
tered something between closed teeth.
" 'What In the world are you keep
ing that piu between your teeth for?'
"She removed It long enough to say:
'To keep the onions from hurting my
eyes. I'll be through lu a minute.'
" 'Do you mean to say that will do
It?' I asked Incredulously.
"She nodded. The pin was In Us
place agaiu. She kept U there for ten
minutes while I watched ' her work,
and her eyea were as dry as a walnut"
New York Press. ,
BOMB SWEET PEAS niNTS.
Any one msy have sweet peas with
their delicious fragrance, throe to four
weeks earlier, by sowing In the fell In
stead of spring. Vhey are' hardy and
will stand quite a freeze after coming
up. I prepared the ground by giving
s light dressing with well rotteu ma
nure; spaded up and sowed In the
usual manner. On the 2d of March,
when the ground was thawing ont I
raised the board and was surprised
to find the peas com In through the
ground. Later we bad two snow
storms and several freezing nights,
but It did not seem to hurt them. D.
DeYecmon, In The Epltomlst
Where possible spring planting '
should be employed, ns better fruit
crops result than where plants are set
In the fn II. but where the summer
heats destroys the iihts fall planting
Tho soil should be In perfect condi
tion and well mulched. Plants should
be obtained from the nearest plant
nursery nnd there should be no delay
lu putting them to the field. As soon
as there has been a good rain the
plants should be obtained, set with
especial care and frequently hoed until
they are established. If the soil he
roines dry the plants must be watered
or they will soon die. For fall plant
ing nbntit twice the number of plnnts
are used than when set In spring.
Every effort must be put forth to ob
tain the most vigorous growth, as
there Is at most only ten or twelve
weeks In which the plants can devel
op and strengthen their fruit buds.
THE TLUM AND ITS ENEMIES.
Those who have orchards of plums
still prefer the jarring of the trees to
all other methods for capturing of the
curcullo. Early In the morning the
curcullo Insects nre in a half torpid
state, and a Jarring of a tree causes
them to drop quickly. A sheet la
spread on the ground to catch the In
serts, and they are then burned or
otherwise destroyed. It Is a better
method than spraying. In orchards of
plums where hogs have the run of the
enclosure and where the Jarring Is
practiced bu: few curcullo will be
found after the first year. The few
plums that fall punctured by the cur
cullo which were not destroyed or
which have done .their work before,
are eaten by the swine, which pre
vents the exit of the larvae; and In.
this way an orchard la almost im
mune lu a few years. There are var
ious devices for Jarring the trees.
Some drive in an iron plug, which Is
struck by a heavy mallet, others use
a block of wood padded where It Is
attached to me tree, and this block
Is struck with a heavy mallet. Be
tween Jarring the trees and destroying
fallen fruit before the larvae can es
cape, the pests can be so lessened as
to Insure a crop of fruit after it is set
Spraying the foliage and fruit when
youug, to kill fungi germs. Is also to
be recommended, or the crop may be
lost through the fruit rotting. Prac
PANSIES AND SPRING BEDDING.
Numerous varieties of pansles are
given from four or five types. The
Odlers are marked by three In the
catalogues, but they nre all derived
great velvetry blotches; the Bugnots
by live. Both are foreign strains, but
thrive admirably lu this country. The
Odler pansy Is finest, however, when
given the protection of a cold frame
lu winter. Casslers and Trlmardeous
are both superb, large flowered sorts,
the latter rattier flabby in appearance.
The English pansles are large, round,
velvety beauties not very well adnpt?
ed to this country. The bedding pan
sles sre a mass of small, brightly col
ored flowers; tbey fairly bloom them
selves to death.
It is time to choose between them,
or to sow sll of them, if you have
room. Usually before the last flowers
of last year's seedlings have faded
there will be young pansy plants
springing from self sown seed all over
An old cold frame that can be shad
ed in the duy time is a capital place
In which to sow pansles now. Lack
ing this, they can be sown in a box
or pot in the window, on a corner of
the porch or in a cool, sheltered nook
almost anywhere In the garden. If
an outdoor bed is chosen tor the sow
ing, be careful that the soil Is deeply
dug', very rich and moderately porous
with leaf mold and sand; also that
the surface of the ied Is raised enough
to keep the water from standing ou it
in winter. Otherwise too little need
lings will need to be transplanted.
My own seedling pansles are always
transplanted from the cool, sheltered
nook that early fall or midsummer
sowing presupposes, to a well pre
pared one that gets the sun and the
shelter of buildings all winter. In
other words, I do my transplanting In
October Instead of In the spring. From
this sunny bed the plants are trans
ferred after tbey have bloomed
through April, May and June, to one
having a northern exposure. Here
they rest and give a few blooms dur
ing summer, blooming finely again In
fall. When the fall rains begin each
old root will send up strong new shoots
thst In a llttje while will be full of
lovely flowers. The bedding pansles
may be sowu lu quantity iu spriug
for summer flowers. Vick's siaga
sine. 'The French provincial railroads
are among the poorest In the world.