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SOUTIIER & WILLIS.
Attorney's (it Law, Ridgway Elk conn
ty To., will attend to all profession;)
CIIAPIN k WILBUR.
Attorneys and Counsclcrsnt Lnw, Oflic
in Chnpm's Block, Ridgway Elk Co. Ta
Particular attention given to collections
and all monies promptly remitted. Will
also practico in adjoining counties.
ALSO. Hraneh of (lie National Claim
Agency of Wnsliinpton P. C, conducted by
Harvey, Collins ami frnee, for the proac
cutionricforc Congress, Th Court of Claims
and the Departments of flovornment at
Wnshineton, P. C, nripli jntions for ln'a
lid's Willow's and Mothers Army Tensions,
Soldier s Claims for Bounty Money ami At-
TJirs oi i ay, i nicnis. ntmniy i.mi'i. rurn
a n . : T. , T 1
t.vv and ptenernl claims nptninst llio Govern
ment or Departments 'hereof of whatever
character. Those wishing applications of
the shove nature will lie promptly and ntis
factorily accommodated by applying to the
above named firm.
JOHN G. HALL,
ATTORNEY .AT LAW.
Ridgway Elk County Peuna.
DR. W. JAMES BLAKELY
St. Mary's, Elk County Pa.
DR. W. W. SHAW,
Practices Medicines fc Surgery
Benezette Elk Co., Pa.
DR J. S. BORDWELL
(Lately of TFarrcn county Pa.)
Will promptly answer all professional
calls by night or day. Residence one
door.ast of the late residence of lion.
DR. C. R. Earley, Kersey Elk
Co., Pa. Will attend to all calls
night or day. July 21, 1861.
A.S. HILL, M. D.
KFRSEY, Elk county Pn TTill promptly
attend to all calls in his profession,
Luthersburg, Clearfield County Pa.
JtSfFredrick Korb Proprietor, hav.
ing built a large and commodious house,
is now prepared to cater to the wants of
the traveling public.
Luthersburg, July 16th 1864. ly.
Luthersburg, Clearfield Co. Pa.
WILLIAM SCHWEM. TroDrietor.
Luthersburg, July 27th 1864. tt.
the Buffalo Road,
ERIE, P A.
. rv i v l-i w - m- wn ii i i - i n r
- - r A
. BSf-This House is new and fitted up
with'.espccial care for the convenience
i p i n . i. 1 . .
ana coruiort, oi guests, ui moueruie ruira
Jgg-OOOD 6TABLINQ ATTACHED"!!
I EXCHANGE HOTEL,
: Rideway, Elk county Pa.,
I DAVID THAYER. Prop'r.
? B&.This house is pleasantly situated on
.the bank of the Clarion, in the lower end
I. r ii . i i, l l : 1. i
ji uie iuwii, ib wuii proviueu wnu uouse-
room and stabling, and the proprietor will
(pare no pains to render the stay of his
guests pleasant and atrreeable.
liiJtjway July 28, 18G0.
'Mrs E 0-
Ridgway, Elk County Penna
Boot-jack Elk County Pa,
H. B. SHONS, Prop'u.
RidgwayNov. 28th 1803.
corner or Market and Water St's
GEO. N. COLBURN, Proprietor
ST MARY'S HOTEL
i am nil I ci Jjurv ru i i J n.i lin
' -M. WELLENDORF, Prop'r.
' - . - .
Clothing, IIaff, & Jten'g Furnishing Goods,
W ATEIl ETKET,
Lock IIaves, Clinton Co., Ph.
kICKINSON & Co. DEALERS in
LMcrehandiFe Provisions &c. on the
nay system, at. prices much fn
th"" advantage of purchasers.
Oentreville, Elk county Pa
ADOLPII TIM M.
Centre villa, riu county Pa.
hQf-Gcncral Manufacturer of Wagons,
lJuggics &0.-ALSO Furniture, such as
bureaus, Tables, Stanas Bedsteads nnd
Jbairs. All Viud of Repairin dono at
SVOODS & WRIGHT,
tLocit Haven, Clinton County Pa.
MAEALERS in Flour, Grain and
yj 4'ued uear the Passenger Popot.
M . m m
P. A. BARRETT, Editor INDEPE NDEN T
PHILADELPHIA k ERIE RAIL- i "a" ""b - " o
ROAD. This great line traverses concourse of men that cvar met in Clcar
the Northern and Northwest counties of field county, or any of the adjoining
Pennsylvania to the city ot Eric, on .
It has been leased by the rennsiIra-
via Rail Road Company, and under
their auspices is beini' rapidly cponcd
throughout its cntiro length.
It is now iu use for Passenger an 1
Freight business from ITARRiSBtma to
St. Mary's(216 mile) on the Eastern
Division, and from Wilcox to Erie,
(78 miles) on the Western Division,
TIME OF PASSENGER TRAINS
ON WESTERN DIVISION:
jjcave JM-ie o ba p. m.
10 00 a. m
1 00 p. in
Corry 5 58 "
Arrive Warren-7 26 "
" Wilcox frt. & acora'n 0 00
Leave Wilcox 10 40 a.
" Warren 6 38 a. m. 1 58 p.
Corry 8 15 " 3 55
Arrive Erie 9 55 5 50
TIME OF PASSENGER TRAINS AT OT
Accommodation Train. 9 20 M.
Accommodation Train. 4 00 P. M.,
Cars run through without change
both ways on these trains between Phila
delphia and Lock Haven and between
baltimore and Lock Haven.
Elegent Sleeping Cars on Express
Trains both ways between Williamsport
and Baltimore, and Williamsport and
1'or information respecting Passenger
business apply at the S. E. corner 11th
and Market Sts.
And for Frsight business of the Com
S. B. Kingston, Jr. Cor. loth and
Market Sts. Philadelphia.
J. vv. Reynolds Erie.
J. M. Drill, Agent N. 0. R. R. Bal
II. II. Houston,
Gen' I. FreijlU Aj't. PluCa.
Lewis L. Houpt,
Gen'l. Ticket Aat. Phil'a.
Jos. D. Potts,
General Manager, Wmsp't.
S SOLDIERS IN THE ARMY
and our people at home
Are now offered an opportunity by which
tuey can obtain a
GOOD & DURABLE TIEN-PIECE
VERY LOW FIGUR.
OCR WATCHES ABB
WARRANTED TO KEEP TIME ONETEAR
and the buyer is allowed tho
Privilege of Examination.
BEFORE PAYMENT IS REQUIRED
Improved Duplex in full Rtthg Actions.
A first class Hunting Timo-Pftace of Silver
material, over which is electro-fine plated
18 k, gold, most durable wrought, making
(lie iniiiniion so faultless thnt if cinu..,e
detected from (lie folid mnferinl -Fe
most experienced judges : acids will not af
cct it. London mado movement. Imi'BOV
f.ii DrPLrx in rm.ti""f actios, has sweep
geconds, and is njt to be excelled in general
appcarancp. I uis is pbciheult one oi me
ufcsi- AiiTnTi-Ksever offered for traders and
((peculators. Engineers. Emigrnnts, and.
persons travelling, will find them superior
to any other j alteration of climnt? will not
affect their accuracy. Price, packed in (rood i
Bhape and good running order, only tf 'io, or
rase of 6 for ?200.
SILVER DOUBLE TIME HUNTING LEV
EUS HEST QUALITY SILVER CASES, over
which electro -fine plated 18k. gold, similar
our Improved "Duplex, nnd miperior ad
us ted movements with "Stop," to he used
in timing horses, etc. ; has Four Indexes
for Wasiiington and Greenwich time, sweep
second, and all the improvements. All in
all, taking its beautiful and faultless ap
pearance and its superior movement Into
consideration, we regard it ns decidedly the
cheapest article of the kind in tho market.
Trice, in good running order, $35, of cage
of 6 for $200.
ILijrWc aek no pay in advaMe, but will
forward cither of lliein to responsible par
ties, to any part of the loyal States, with
hill payable to expressman when the goods
are delivered, giving the buyer the privil
ege of examination, and, if nit satisfactory
tho watch can be returned at our expense
The express companies refuse making
collections on sodiera and other disloyal
Stvtes, consequently all such orders must
be aocooipanied by tho cash to insure at
tention. We make a deduction of two dol
lars on either watch when the payment is
forwarded in advance.
Money may be sent by express at our ex
pense. THOH. GAFFERTY & CO.,
93 buI 85 Uioail St., opposite City Bnnd
Protidence, R I k,
I o m
Ik UoUNTY. J, K.NNA.,
GRAND RALLY OF FREEMEN.
tion. TEACH 4M L'XITV."
In pursuance of the call of the Dcino-
'n.nl!fi Ctnmlinn f.n , I I rtrt 1A lnrrvndt
countios. assembled in the boroiu'h of
Clearfield on Saturday, the 13th inst.
The jliflercnt delegations were met on
their approach to town, and escorted to
their respective quarters by the follow-
I ing named gentlemen, who acted as
Marsh alls :
David F. Etzweiler, Chief Mar
shal. assistant marshals.
Capt. D. M'Gaughey, W W. Worrell,
Lever Flesal, Alfred Walters,
Win. M. M'Cullough, Harry Ross,
T. H. AVilson.
Dr. Jefferson Litz,
Capt. M. Ogden,
J. L. M'Phcrson,
J. L. M'Murray,
Josiah R. Read,
James L. Stewart,
A. 13. Shaw,
The meeting was organized about half
past two o clock on motion of Walter
Barrett, Esq., Chairman of the Commit
tee of Arrangements, who nominated the
following officers :
B. D, HALL, Esq., President.
G. D. Goodfellow,
Wm. A. Bloom,
James B. Clark,
Wm. T. Gilbert,
J. D. Thompson,
David T. Sharp,
Maj. John Ross,
T. Washburn e,
J. M. Cumaiiugs,
W. W. Kelly,
object of ttie meuuu
Biglor was introduced to
TITJTl I.. I I I llfii
and spoke for about one hour and a halt.
He made aspsech of unusual point and
persuasive power, commanding the un
broken attoutiou of tho vast crowd for
nearly two hours.
Alter glancing briefly at the causes of
our present unhappy condition, he called
; attention to the late manifesto of Mr.
I Lincoln addressed "to whom it may con
cern, in wlnen lie uad made tuo over
throw of slavery a condition precedent
to any proposition for settlement and
peace, however honorable and satisfao.
tory in all other particulars. Mr. Bigler
said he had, soon after tho war began,
expressed the belief that Mr. Lincolu
would prove tobs the best of his party.
lie desired to say, that, fiinoo reading
tho document referred to, he had chang
ed that opinion, aud now held him to be
the worst; and that bo believed Mr.
Lincoln was now attempting to act tho
part of an usurper aud a tyrant, lie
characterized tho attempt of tho Pres't
to prostituto tho war to the overthrow of
the local institutions to the revolted
States unlawful, revolutionary, impolitic,
and as u falsification of the oft.repeate J
promises of Mr. Lincoln and his friends
that the war should be for the Union
and tor no other purpose. Ho Baid the
President had no more right to make the
abandonment of slavery a condition pre
cedent to the establishment of the Un.
ion, than he hid to make its establish
ment such a condition ; that he had no
wore right to call 500,000 men into the
TERM $ 25 per
SATURDAY August, 27 th, 1SG4
field to prosecuto a war for such a pur
poso, thau he would have to their servi
ces in the establishment of a monarchy.
He characterized the President's ultima
tum as an nttempt at a flagrant usurpa
tion of authority, for which he merited
the severest execrations ol all aion ucvo- j
tctlto our republican form of Govern-1
I,lMV. J J Ut,LI.V.M Lll.tW II1U X 11.1'
ident or Congress, or both united, pos.
sesscd any such right. Tho Govern
ments at Richmond and Washington
combined have no right to overthrow the
institutions ot the States, or to change
the relations between the States. That
was the right of tho States, an 1 the
States only. He repeatedly quoted Lin
coln against Lincoln, to the infinite
amuscmont of the crowd. He quoted
tho Inaugural against tho communica
tion "to whom it may concern." He
brought on the stand the cntiro Repub
lican party in both Houses of Congress
to testify against Mr. Lincoln s right to
overthrow slavery, by showing that they
had unanimously voted, nt tho late ses
sion, to so amend tho Constitution as to
authorize the overthrow of slavery. The
amendment failed, nnd now Mr. Liucoln
claimsto exercise the right himself. This
was only equalled by Mr. Lincoln's bar.
dihood about his schemo of compensated
emancipation which he first sought to
carry out by act of Congress ; next he
asked Congress to provide for so amen
ding the Constitution as to authorize tho
appropriation of money for such purpo
ses : and failing with tho amendment,
ho finally ntteiunted to carry out his
schomo in defiance of tho constitution
Mr. B, said ho had uniformly advised
obedience to law ; this was a rule of his
lite even though the law might be of
doubtful authority or utility ; but he in
tended that obligation as much for those
in as for those) out of authority. He
paid the President was a3 much bound
by the law as the humblest citizen in the
laud. In the execution of tho law the
President can claim our obedience, but
whenever he transcends the limits of the
law, said Mr. B., I have as much right
to command him as he has to command
me 5 but disobedience to law on hi? part
a much graver offence than disobedi
ejnuo on the part ot a privato citizen.
Jionio may think these views calculated
t,o discourage enlistments ; but, he said,
M r. Iilnpnln wa iMiiinnntlir nmnnnliln .
ho law on this charge, for ho had done
lore to discourage enlistments, by his
neonstitutional ultimatum, than all the
)orrocrats in America. Besides, he
ad not only done this, but ho had cn-
ouraircii enlistment.? in the bouth He
id, by his foolish and unlawful thing,
uore for the caue of tho rebellion, than
ould Jeff. Davis nnd all his Cabinet.
Ie had given aid and comfort to the
nemy. Mr, Bigler said the communi
ation addressed "To whom it may con.
'.rn, would come to tho rebel cause
ith healing on its wings it would act
ke a panacea to all its il'n it would
lay home dissensions and give now spir
!?i the rebellion it would sileuco the
igs lor 1'eaco and Union in
orth Carolina. It was a fatal stab to
iioiuen, tno union candidate tor
overnor in that State. But it was in
cordance with Mr. Lincoln's follies
jm the begiuning. He, Mr. Bigler,
id not stopped to discuss the war, and
! should not, though its management
is full of just causo of complaint ; but
i intended to deal with the political
Ldicy that accompanied tha war which
o characterized as the worst the wit of
au could have devised that through
Mr. Lincoln had divided a United
Korth and united a divided South. Had
jio had wisdom enough and patriotism
enough to have conducted the war tor
tho Union, and not for the gratification
of fanatics to have looked to tho Un.
ion men of the South tor help, rather
dear to their slaves, Peace and Union
might have triumphed long since. Mr.
B., said ho could gee in the new aspect of
the war nothing but endloss drafts, con
scriptions, carnage and common dosola.
tion. Tho Southern people will never
yield their right to their local institu
tions. Whether they want slavery or not
they will stand by the right to have it
until the last man has bitten the dust.
Suppose Jeff. Davis was to mako the
ultimatum of peace, tho establishment
of slavery in the North, how loug would
he be conquering a peace ou such terms ?
There would be no peace Democrat on
such an issuo. Though some might de
sire the institution, even they, would not
accept it as a dictation. Mr. Bigler
said that, as for himself, whilst he was
willing to do and suffer anything for the
Union and Government as made by the
Fathers, he would not contribute one
man, nor one farthing, to prosecute tho
war for the unlawful purposes set forth
by Mr. Lincoln.
Mr. Bigler next, in support of bis bad
opinion of the acts and intentions of the
President, callod attention to the late
comniuuicatiou, which appeared in the
N. Y. Tribune, over the signature of B.
F. Wade, Senator from Ohio, as Chair
roan of the committee in the House of
Representatives. On this point we can
give tho reader no idea of the effect aud
Annum if paid in Advance
power of Mr. Biglor's speech. It was
tho m.isf. fcalhing a'i'l conclusive thing
we have heard in a long time. Ho show
ed by extracts from tho document itself,
that Messrs ll'ado and Davie, both Re
publicans of high standing, charge Mr.
Lincoln with deception, falsehood and
umrpati-m ; and in addition that they
charge him with the intention of prac
ticing a grave fraud on the elcctoriul
College through tho scheme of a ten per
cent vole in certain of tho revolted
States, should that bcoome necessary to
secure his election and ask tho signifi
cant question whether he supposes his
opponent would submit to a decision
attained by suh moans ? The vast crowd
responded to Mr. Bigler, in a common
voice that hey would submit to no sunh
But we must pass over a large portion
of Mr. Bigler's speech, snd glance only
at the conclusion.
He said he was not willing, after so
much complaint against tho aots and
policy of Mr. Liucoln, to tako his seat
without some reference to what the
Democratic party would do, should it at
tain to power. He said ho did not uu.
dertake to determine what would bo tho
position of that party on all the complex
questions before us. He knew it would
stand up for civil and religious freedom
under all circumstances for the freedom
of the presa and ofspceoh; that it would
wield cvory moral and political influence
of tho Government and all its material
power to maintain the Union as constitu
tional by the fathers ; but it prefers
peace to war among the people and
otatcsot America. And, whiut aux-
ious to wield every moan3 to restore the
Union of States, it could not fail to see
that tho experiment of war had been
made, most thoroughly nud horribly
made, and that it has failed. The wi
sest thing Mr. Lincoln ever said, was,
that if we went to war, wo could not
fight always. Mr. Bigler said he would
pay the expenscjof any ono who would
go to Washington and read that passage
of tho Inaugural to Mr. Lincoln. He
feared it bad been forgotten. The
Democrats would not fotget it, (should
the Chicago nominee be elected. Ho
expressed tho belief that tho very first
effort of a Democratic President would
be to stop the war to put the sword to
rest, iu order to try what virtue there is
in reason, negotiation, and intercourse.
Ho expressed the belief that ton com.
pctent men as Peace Commissioners,
could do more to rowao the country
from its afflictions, than a hundred thou
sand, or five hundred thousand conscripts,
lie had long siuco deelarud himself in fa
vorofan armistic, to the end that commis
sioners might bo appointed to arrange
the tonus of temporary peace, with a
view oi reierring our national trouoies
to a Convention ot States, under the
forms of tho Constitution.
Mi. Bigler was followed by Hon.
Wm. A. Wallace, who engaged the at
tention of tho vast crowd for more than
an hour. Mr. Wallace talked as if his
feelings were fully up to the occasion ;
and never did a spocch elicit more hear
ty responses, or plain truths create groat
Ho briefly referred to tho constitu
tional right, peaceably to a-ssemblc and
apply for redress of grievances, aud the
right to bear arms iu defence of them
solves and the State, and affirmed that
both were inviolate.
Ho discussed the nature of the Gov
ernments, State an! Federal; showed
that the States created the Union by the
formation of the Constitution. Vested
it with defined and limited powers,
within tho scopo of which it was su
preme, that the oontrol of all things not
granted to the Federal Government by
the Constitution remained in the States
and peoplo, that un let this system we
existed as a government of law, with
the rights, duties and powers of the ru.
lar clearly defined, and that tho duty of
tho citizen to yield obedience to him
therein, was equally clear.
That tho revolution of the Federal
Government around its clear defined axis
and the control of tho State Govern
ment within theirs, each ii) its proper
sphere created tho spirit of tho old Un.
ion. He portrayed in glaring language
the blessings of tho old Union, its dig
nity, its character as a beacon to tha op
pitised, that while justice reigned liber
ty was enjoyed, prosperity and happi
ness was tho lot of all who sought them,
aud that a gospel of "peaoa on earth,
good will to-man" was preached to all ;
aud affirmed that a return to that Union
was the earnest wish of nine-tenths of
He combated tha argument that slav.
ery was an incubus, by contrasting the
condition of the black, then with his
squalid misery now, his mental aud
moral condition then, with his uncon.
trolled volition now.
He demonstrated tho fallacy of the
argument that slavery ruled us then,
and appealed to our unhappy condition
for tha proof that wo were infinitely
worse governed now, and pictured the
iniquity of our rulera and their satellites.
lie thon taught an answer to the qnos.
tion, why cannot we have this Union in
all its integrity 1 Ho showed that it
was becauso n prostitution of the powcra
of the Federal Government, of an Inter
ference with the rights of tho peoplo,
and an attempted control of powers that
wore exclusively under the rights of
tho States, that it was because the ser
vant of tho peoplo had forgotten that ha
was the creature of tho law, and soughti
to boar himself abovo it, that Mr. Lin
coln in his reocnt ultimatum had pro
claimed his purpose to bo the overthrow
of the rights of tho States, and in sub,
stance has declared that our old Govern,
ment should no longer cxiHt, that tha,
war was now for the freedom of tho
negro nnd not for tho restoration of tha
He affirmed that in thus placing hlin.
solf above the law, Mr. Lincoln had for
foited all right to our respect j that, a
a condition precedent to our respect va
obctiiience, ho must yield obedienco to
the law, and that It was the right and
the duty of tho citizen to denounce hinj
for bis breaeh of duty, and to impeach
him atid his aideri and abettors before)
tho tribunal of the ponplo lor their utter
disregard of the law.
Ho argued that it was tho duty of all
who loved our institutions, to nnito for
the overthrow of this corrupt and lawless
Administration, to tho cud that war
might cease, merciless conscriptions ba
stopped, nnd the Union cf our fathers
restored. Under a Pemocratio Admin
istration, war would bo mado the la ft
ngoncy for the restoration of tho Union,
instead of tho first. All other mcana
would be tried to restore peace and unu
ty ; and ho did not hesitate to say that,
all shades of opinion in that party uni.
ted in the seutimont, that an armistio
nnd tho opening of negotiation would bo
tho very first step of a Democratic Pres
ident ; that the experiment of war,
wrong in its inception, had failed to re
store the Union and vindicate tho Con
stitution, and that the peaceful remedy
of intercourse was now our imperative
He referred to the ponding conscrip
tion ns nn overshadowing pall upon tho
minds of all, as bringing in its wake un.
told misery; said that ho had on all oo,
casions advised submission to law, be.
cause of the duty of the citizen; that
the act of Mr. Lincoln had taken from
him his baao cf argument, aud now he
had no advico to give, but that,- for tha
many wrongs of which the present Ad
ministration were convict before tho
people, he could only use tho word3 of
Ben Wade and Winter Davis : "Let
tho poople consider the remedy fortheso
usurpations, aud when found, let them
fearlessly execute it."
Mr. Wallace closed with a pathctio
and earnest appeal to men of all parties
to seek tho right and fearlessly to icllow
it, and to rear aloft the standard of
Peaooand Unity, as tho beacon of hopo
and tho harbinger of safety.
Mr. Wallaco was followed by Dr. T.
Jeff. Bayer, who w.is received with
shouts of applause. Ho was peculiarly
happy in his reniaiks; but before con
eluding a shower of rain compelled a re.
treat to the Court house, although not
over one third of tho vast crowd 'could
effect an entiance. Dr. B.berc conclu
ded his remarks, when tho Chairman of
the Committee ou Resolutions was intro.
duced, and made the following re
Whereas it is not only the consti'.u
tional right but tho duty of the people
peaceably to assemble together to ex
press their opinions on all questions
touching the publio welfaro; and where
as none but a tyrant would attempt to in!
torfero with the freo exercise of thoso
rights ; thereforo wo, a portion of tho
citizens of Clearfield county, solemn re
avowing our fealty and obligations to tho
laws and tho constituted authorities, do
now and here declare
First. That the Government of tha
United States, administered in accor.
dance with tho Constitution nnd the
several amendments thereto, is the best
ever devised by human wisdom.
&cond. That to restore that Oof
eminent to its original simplicity, puri.
ty, and dignity, we aro willing to submit
to any eacrifieo.
Third. That a war of more than
three years' duration, and of unparallel
led magnitude, should be sufficient to
convince all rational minds that theUu.
ion cannot bo re-c.tab!ishcd by tha
Fourth. That tho most efFoctivo
means for tho restoration of tho Union,
are a cessation of hostilities, intercourse,
reu.-on and negotiation.
Fifth. That tho ultimation of Mr.
Lincoln, addressed "to whom it may con
cern," establishes tho fael beyond nil
controversy, that the war is now waged
for tho overthrow of slavery, and not for
the restoration or preservation of tho
Union or tho enfurecmoutof the laws.
Sixth. That slavery, being exclu
sively a State institution, a war waged
for tho purpose of compelling its aban
donment, is no loss revolutionary and vi.
olativo of tho Constitution than was tho
act of seccsion itsalf.
Seventh. That so long as tho war was
waged for tho purposes set forth in tho
resolution of Congress of July, 1801, the
number ot volunteers exceeded tho de.
mand, and so heartless eonscriptiou was
Lljhth. That tho subsequent aban
donment of these purposes by Congress
and tho President, so destractcd tho
peoplo of tho North as to mako con
scr'ption and draft tho only means to
fill up our detilolod armies ; and, after
two million of soldiers have beeu unt to
the field, aud Mr. Lincoln had called for
500,000 more men, he enunciates a pur.
pose of the war that it utterly unlawful