Newspaper Page Text
DAILY CAIRO BULLETIN.
gMITII, HACK & CO.,
NO. V) BROAD STREET,
AUGUSTA, - . -
It. .'rctlully Solicit CoBnijpimcQti of
provisions, produce, grain and
merchandise generally, ,'
TO which they will give careful awl prompt at
tention. 'I hey ure prepared to make liberal
tud '.'! ne their beat efforis for tbc lutcresta of
ttioae faiorllitf tueui Willi cjlil,;uuititit.
Refer. .t jrmllon. to Nath.hai. Rank, nf An
' guv a; National KxliianuK Bask, of Auguata, Oa.
(JAIliO cfc ST. LOUIS It. It
Shortest Line to St. Louis!
TMIE train hr thl road connect it St. Lonl and
1 Kni m. Loiila wlili all other Uucs to the EAaT,
Through rtprcM leave Cairo 10
'I'hrotigu rxprva arrive at Ea-t St. Louis ti
Murphyahuru accommodation 1,-aveM lro g
Murjihysboro acc. arrive at Murphyabor fj
Through t-xpre. leave East M. Louis H
Through rxjires. arrive at Cairo 5
Nirphv.boro acc. Irate Murphvaboro... J.
ilurpuysburo ate. arrtvra at ( afro 12:
no i m.
4' a m.
55 p. in.
1M'T rAriiVI THE Cairo and St. Lonl
Kill. Hol'TE between niro and St. 1ui undrr
one n i :i i. n m ti i : therefore there are no delava at
way a'atlon awaiting ( oniic Hon from other llnca.
f l'a"ngcr going North. Northeast and Wet
ahoiild not buy their tli keta until they have exam
ined our rate and route.
L. M JOHNSON". General Manager.
1). J. FINE.I.eneral A sent. Cairo. 111.
1LLI0ITU1:INTI1AL li. li
1 73Z3-.tr: : 1 ; il.l 3 1"'
Shortest and tyuickest Route to
St. Louis and Chicago
rpilE cr.'v rnii'l running two dally train, from Cairo
J tiiik'i .' I:r. t ci.ni.r. t;.iii Eastern line.
TltAlNs LEAVE t Al if -1 :li p. in.: Fat i t
tire... arrlv'i'S in M. Loiii 7: VI ;i. m : Chicago .ial
t. l.i 11" la. : lin intiali and l.oiil-vliir Kat
Line, arriving Im'ificlnnail si :5 a. in.: 1-oiil-vllli;
T H a. hi.: Indianaioli -1.15 a. ui. l'a-ciigcr hy
Ut train arrive ut above points
12 TO 30 HOURS IN ADVANCE
Of aL- oluer route.
1 0 .1 1 1 a ft- Fa' Mull, with "leeper attached, for
i-,!" M. l.ol iMiiidfllH At.U.arrMngliiSt.
Lonl at in.: I lil' a-.-o at :" p. m.. roimn t-
I u at Odin or Kltluhaiu lor tiutinuutl, Loulmlllo
FAST TIME EAST.
1) CiV,PI.,l), 11,10 cn throuah
I ii. VlijliO (,', ihuKaft without any
rVhv raii-nl hv Sunday hiturvnini. The satur-il-iv
iiftrn.oon train Iro'ii Calrri arrive. In Sew lork
Monday uiornin.' at lo:-.'.'.. Tbirly i-lx hour In ad
Mini or ant ciih. r route.
Sf Adv. rti-t inriit or rompetlns line, that th'-y
make lielter t iiiii! HianlM one ar li.-urd either
Uroiuh iu'uoraiitf or a dr. ire toinl-irad the piltillr.
Kor throif.di tirk't and Itiforniatluri apply at Mi
Lois CcLtnil Kailroad d.'Jiot. Cairo.
TUAlNs ARRIVE AT CAIRO:
lprrM 2:f.l p.m.
jlJl .....4:ii a.m.
j . .JollNSON". (irD'l Southrru A t.
J. 11. .ToNKS. Ticket A--nt.
QXUIO & V1XCEXNKS K. K.
I ATTT TTil THE SHORTEST ROUTE TO
111 jllLL) Jiv.inmilU'.
7 AriT rtl THE SHORTEST To Lori?
4 1 JllLhS VI1.LE. CINCINNATI, UAL
TIMORE AND WASIilNtiTuN.
)l ATTT Vd THE SHORTEST TO INDIAN;
iH 31I.LKS Al'iil.l.s.I'lULAUELl'UU.NEW
OllK AND ROSTuN
six nouns SAVED
Owr tmlu of all other route makiiii? the tamo
ff P"rn"rr liv ntlirr roiitra to make connce
t'oti mii-t ride all' iiiL'ht. uniting fioin one to lx
I.ohm at amall toiiutry elutloui for truius of con
. Ha ting rond.
1 PATl.'Af II V 1TIIE FACT and take our 4: 15
it U.UJj-1 1 Ijlt a. in. train. reachliiL' Evana
vlllr Iiiiliannpoll. Cliii-lniiati and l.oulavlllu aaino
i! iv. Train" leave uiid arrive ut lairo ua I'ollowa:
Mall lenve , 1 V ', " '
Mull arrive- , ,
Throueh thkrta und chei-ka to all Impoiiunt
l a' mII.I.EU ROSWEI.I.VII.I.EIl
lii n'l l'a. Agent. t.enrral Sup t.
L. II. ClIlIlCll. rnmn'iiKiT Agent.
ftT. L., I. Mtfc SOUTHERN.
Expre leave. Cairo dally
urriveii nt t.'alro dally
. r :() ii. ill
QAiliO CITY FEUUV CO.
t.ttAvra i.kavkm i.kavm
Font l''oiirlli t Mlaaourl Liiiid'u.' Kentucky l.d'n.
N a. in,
10 a. in,
i p. m
hi.'ln a. in.
losto a. in.
i! :i p. m,
4; JO p.m.
V a. m.
II p in.
H p. in,
i p, lu,
Edward A. Budek
(Huccgaaor to E. A W. Buifr),
And Dtaluri la
Watches, Clocks, Fine Jewelry
Cor. Eitfhth St. and WashiRtrton Ave
Watchmaker & Jeweler
NO. 10 EIGHTH STREET,
Between Commfrclal and I "t,. ! n , Tl 1
. Vatlilu.luu av., VUUU, 111.
FIXE WATCHWORK A SPECIALTY.
rVEngravIng and all klndi of rcpalriug neatly
if All kluda of Solid Jewelry made to order.
WHOLESALE WINES AM) MOTORS.
WhoiCfale and Retail Dcalert In
Foreign and Domestic Liquoi's
Wine of all Kinds,
NO. CO OHIO LEVEE.
MESSRS. SMYTH 4 CO. have conatantly a larga
.lock of the het irooda In tha market and rivu
r"-cial attentiou to the wboleaale branch of the
PAINTS, OILS. WALL PAI'EU, ETC.
, F. BLAKE,
Paint.s,0ils, Varnishes, Brushes
Window Glass, Wimlow Shades, Etc.
Always on hand the celebrated imwittATiso
Bros' liuHilintr. Com- j,
"lerciul vi'.. I
INSURANCE AGENCY OF
AVells & Kerth,
Piiv.il f. moI I.ni 1 (Of Montreal. Can
llM2U I Ul(lllilIl fCaplial $imi.u.i(.,old.
AIIlliMIn i Fire and Marine (Millvllle, N. J.)
Jllll IllCj Aa-t. Jl.tf.'.fT.ttl.
riililllliil'i.i ll ' Of New Vorkt Itvi.
I'lu'iii KOt l'hlladrlphla; i-taMWied iu 1I.)
I 11 1011 Arnta, V;s,P,g.ii.
Vii'imtHl'w I (Of Dayton. O ).
T II eiliilU AfaeW $ I10,lil.!5.
I '.niii.iii I (Of Frecport, 111.
u criiian A-Kcta. $i.v..T.i.
RISKS WRITTEN AT FA I R IUTES.
(flUo in jVlfximclor County Hanlc.
'Sj r 1
1-1 S S . r
M " 1.
The cliolecut, moat
lii-iing yet mo-t delicate
olall perliltnea lor in-eotl
the hauilkerrhlrl at the
IllWUW; r tfSJ hauilkrrrhlrl at the
11X22!. b toilet mid In the Imth,
!v4iytoSMfc dullglitliil and healthliil
wcakiiraa. fatigue, proatriitlou, iiervonaneHa und
lirniliiche. Look out for roiinterfclta, Alu'iir nk
for I'loiidil Water, prepared by the mlo i'0)ir!eloti",
Meaara. I.anmiiii it Kemp, New York.
Kor ulu hy perfumer. ilrugglHts and fancy goods
HOOT AND SHOE MAKERS,
BOOT AX I ) SHOE MAKER
AT1IKSEUM BUILDING, .'
Commercial Avenni1, liet. I
Sixth and Seventh ala.
rp.VKES pleaaiire In aiinoiincJiiKtn lila piitrona and
1 Hie public generally that heliaa recently received
the llueat and moat aeh'ct atock of Leather of every
deacrlptlon ever brought to Ibla i lly. All work lu
hla Hue I'Xeciiti'il promptly mid III Ihi' beat manner.
ICnlliu aiillalactlou given In every Inatancu. l'rleet
reaaouablo. A cordial Invitation exlended to all to
cull and exumlue Kouda and leuru prket.
ILLINOIS, THURSDAY M0RXIXO, AUGUST 8, 1878.
. FEET A ROVE THE SEA.
The following te.tlmonlaU arc from Mcar. .T.
O. Hoaworth 4 Co., Ienver. Col., largo and Inllil
entlal druuglat. They report uuprecedenUy large
aalcaand uuiveraal aatlaluetlon. No other illaeaau
la o alarnilnglv prevalent In that region. They
peak of tha foLluwlUK Biie81!U M among Uietr
J. O. Doaworth ii Co., Iicnvnr, Col.: Gentlemen
I'roniiiled by a fellow-reeling forthou alllicted with
with Catarrh. I wlab to addmv teatlmotit in behalf
orSANKOiiU S RAI'ICAL Cl'RE roB CATARRH.
I have been aorcly arllicted with thl fearful dlaeaao
for four yeara, and have tried every known remedy
without avail, until I bought a bottle of the above
Cl'RE from you, which gave inealmoat Inaiaut re
lief. It being a conatltutlonal a well aa a local
remedy, 1 believe It to be all that il claimed fur it,
a Radical Cure for Catarrh.
Very truly yours, WM. AMETIVE,
Denver, Sept. 33, 1S75. w ltb Jeuaou, ttllsa 4 Co.
MVaar. J. O. Iloaworth Co.. Denver:
Oksti.kiiks : I take plcamrc lu recommending
8 AN KOHL)'! RADICAL Cl'HE FOR CATARRH
to all who are Billeted with thia direaae. 1 waa
greatly aflllcted with it for a long time, and cured
it with two bottleaof the above Cl'RE. About a
year afterw ard I waa again taken w ith Catarrh unite
everely. and immediately aeiit ror another bottle
w hich fixed me all right, giving me relief from the
dratdoae. I am contldetit that ihia remedy will do
all that la claimed for It, and more too. wiahlng
you aucceaa in Ita Introduction. I am verv truly
youra, A. W. SMITH, ol smith 4 'Doll.
Denver, Oct. 4, IsTJ.
Meaara. J. O. boaworth i Co.. Denver. Col.: Con-tli-men-I
haveu.ed SANKORD'S RADICALt'l'KE
FOR CATARRH, and II haa given perfect aallafac
tlon. I have tried almoat everything, and It la the
only thing that haa given me relief. I therefore
take pleaaure lu reconiineuding lta uac to all af
flicted with Catarrh of any kind, and otlerthlaaa my
tealimory to Ita benefit.
Veiytrulv. W. S. DECKER-
Denter. Oct. 1, lftTS.
REV-J. II. WK.OIN SAVS:
Oneofthebe-t reui"dlea for Catarrh, nay, the
beat rvmrdv we have found In a lifetime or antler
Ing. lr SANFORD't) RADICAL Cl'RE. It la not
unpleasant to take through the uoatrila, and there
cornea w ith each bottle a unall glaaa tube tor uae in
Inhulation It cleara the bead and throat ao
thoroughly that, taken each morning on rialng.
there are no unpleaaant aecn-tiona and no disagree
able hacking during the entire day. but an uupre
centcd ejearneaa of voire and re-plrutory organa.
Hi v. J. H. Wiggln. In lion heater 1 Maaa.) Heacon.
Each package contain Hr. Sanford 1 Improv.id
Inhaling Tube, with full direction for u-e In all
c-aaea. I'riee Jl.ii. For aide by all wholeaale and
n-tail drugglta anddal"r throughout the I'nited
Stalraaud Canada. WEEKS A: PoTTEIi. Oi in ral
Ageiita and whok-iale dnugiata, lloittou. Ma-.
Fur LiK'al I'tiins, LaiiU'iits, Soreiii'ss.
Weakness, Xiiiiiltness mid Inflation of
the Lnnirs, Liver, Kidnevs, Sideen.
Rowels, Rlddilcr, Heart, and Muscles,
are equal to ait army of doctors and
acres of plants and sliruhs. Even in
Paralysis, Epilepsy or Fits, and Nervous
and Involuntary Miieiilar Action, this
I'lastcr, hy rallying the Nervous Forces,
has etl'eeted Cures when every other
known remedy has failed.
TRICE 23 CENTS.
Ask for Collins' Voltaic Thister, and
insist 011 haii!r it. Sold liy all Whole
sale, und Retail Druirffists throuirhout
the I'nited States andCauadas. WEEKS
& I'OTTER, I'roprietors. Ifostoii. Mass.
View of IMarriapjc!
"W'rx f l Y A fiulde to Wedlock and
UiiULit1,1'111111'!1'1 treutlae on the
nunc 01 uiurna'.M! aim tile
AND caino' that unfit for It; the
ATAlililA (iVaccret of Reproduction ami
-UiiJU"VVTIjthr lllaeilae of Women. A
book fur private, con-iderute reading, g'i pagea,
I'rlce oO celita.
A rUIVATK .MEDICAL ADVISER!
(tn all dlaordiT nf a private nature nrl-lng from
eir-abiie. excrara. or aeeret iliac aae. w lib 1 lie beat
mean of rum, swi large pugea. prbe fa cent.
A clinical lecture on the ubove dlaeaae and thoae
of the throat, lung, caiarrh, rupture, the opium
habit, etc.. price in ceuia,
Either book aelit pot-pald on rcrclpt of price: 01
nil three, containing jJ V"Kca, beautllitlly lllu.-tra-ti'd.
for Tri eclit .
Addrc-a UR. lll'TTS, No. lg N. 8lh St., St. Loula
inrii, lii-a ui vllality, preiiiature wealinoa. enerva
tion of mind nml h'oily. illaorihr of the brain and
nervou avatetn, uud inlacrica reaultlng tlierolioin,
apeedll, ciurd by HATES' SPECIFIC. I'repared
by uii emlurtii phyaician : J'l n raau, l for 3i aolil lv
d'niggit. For circular with full purtlctilnra. atl
dicaa Dlt. RATES, i 111 Slate atreet, CMci, 111,
boapltal, is; Euat Waalilngton atreel, Cbleago, for
Hie cure of all private, chronic, and a pedal dlaeae,
SKMINAt. WKAK.N Kaa, NfcllVlU a llliMII.ITV uud l.oaT
masiiooii, pei'inanetilly cured. Dr. O, la a gradual'
ol'tlie Hel'oini School, ami uc no tnercurv: haa the
largest practice In Hie I'nited state. I.AniKa re
quiring tivaiment. with home Mid hoard, call or
write, Everv convenience for patlenla. Send llflv
renin for M A II II I AO E til'IDEI -M pagea lllu-trat-I'd.
Married ladleaand gentlemen acini tlllv rciita
for sample nf rubber good mid circular of Import
ant Information by espreaa. Consultation free and
coulldeutlii) , Reliable Femuln l'llla $5 11 box.
01 )!rAsAI'ARY. l'ernianeiit sale-men wnnl-
I Z.l r'1'1 cll Slalile tiooda to ilealera. No
Vifc,v'x 'peddling. Expenaea paid. Addrea
S. A. ('RANT A CO., 3, 4, U Home. St., Clu
,.)(l(l. I'LATKI) WATCHES. Cheapest lu
It tin world. Satnplc w atcb t ree to Agent, Ad
ilro. A. COI I.TF.lt ,k CO., Chicago, Ilia.
AND Moll I'll INK II A II IT CURED
llic original and only Hliaoliitu
cure. Send atanin fur book on
Opium Ealing, to W. 11, Squire, Wurtliltigtun,
C'leeuo, County, lud.
MARKETS BY TELEGRAPH.
LrvErtpooi August 7, 8:H0 p. M. -'Wheat
unchanged 'Winter, s OdfglOH; Spring,
OsQOsGd; California avcragt, 10s 21103
5d. California club, 10 5d10 81. Com
new, 0d(a23s; old, 37s 3d27s Od.
CHICAGO GRAIN AND PltODUCE.
CincAuo. August 7, 12 a. m. Pork
September, 10 C24'; October, $10 72
Cora August, bid; September, 'M
39 18'. Wieat August, 04; September,
ChVaoo, August 7, 11:00 A. M. Corn,
Aujriwt, 30 asked; SepteraW, 3S38.
Pork bcptenilM;r, 1 10 75; OctolKT, tio 80.
Wheat August, 05 asked; September, 01.
Chicago, August 7, 10 a. m. Wheat
August, September, 00
00'b'. Pork September, 10 00 asked;
October, $10 G5. Corn August, 39&39j,' ;
New York, August 7, 13 :04 p. m. Wlient
nominal No. 2, Chicago, l 09; No. 2,
Milwaukee,! 10 ; Red winter, 1 011 10;
Anilicr, $1 061 13. Corn steamer
47i4'; No. 3, 40J4'; No. 2, ii&H
AT HOME AND IN THIS COUNTRY.
AN ADDRESS BY GEN..10IIX A. LOGAN, REf EST
LY DhLIVERED IiEFoliE THE EMLIIAI.D
IJENEriCIAL ASSfK'IATIoN AT CHICAGO.
General Logan said :
FtLWw-CmriNS or the Emkiiald Besbpicial
Although under some obligations to be
present nt Another point to-day, I found it
impossible to forego the pleasure of meeting
my Irish friends upon this occasion, in
response to their very cordial invitation to
participate with them in the present cele
bration, its ulo to address tliein upon such
topics as grow out of our mutual interests
those interests which tic together all indi
viduals who arc united by principles of
morality and bound in sentiment y the
broad fact ot' common citizenship.
In hastily running over the constitution
and by-laws of your association, I learn
that its prime objects are of the most
praiseworthy character, comprehending in a
few words the cultivation of Christian vir
tives nn'l morality, und the practice of
mutual relief and charity among your
member?, entirely ignorin-r the disturbing
question of polities. You are banded
together for the promotion of those lofty
attributes of personal character which so
eminently distinguish the progress of our
age. Your object is not to give illustration
of the truthfulness of the poet's w ords, when
he exclaimed :
" Man' inhumanity to man
Make couiitlc thousands mourn;"
but to paraphrase those words into a living
demonstration of the tact, that man's
humanity to his fellow creatures robs sick
ness of its pains, poverty of its sorrows and
society of its false distinctions.
One of the most remarkable sentences in
your constitution is that w hich adopt the
FAITH, HOPE and charity
ns a chief object of your ulliliation. In
this motto are embraced the ideas of faith
in Him, who Is the creator of all; hope for
the future life and charity toward Vottr
fellow men three virtues worthy ot the
highest human ambition. With such a
declaration of principles and purposes, in
which the good is emulated and the bad
disavowed, your association must at once
enlist the respect of every right-minded
man, and claim the sympathy of each citizen
who values order in society, justice in his
relations with his tVllow-muii, and liberty
for himself and family.
Submitted to the bar of such a tribunal,
the objects of your association can only meet
with tiie general indorsement due to that
which is invested with every feature of worth
as well as expediency; that in which there
is everything to praise and nothing to con
demn." The age has gone by fortunately for
us, when every man was a sort of moral Ish
unci, with his hand raised against that of
every other man, Despite the croaking of
cynics, the world docs progress, and great
advance have been 111. tde within the past
two centuries towards a much higher type
of humanity. Let scientists quarrc1 mthey
will over the question id titan's origin from
the lower orders of animals; but what our'
aye proclaims is the tact ot
A MORAL REVtil.CTIo.N,
through which the man of the nineteenth
century is as far elevated above his repre
sentatives of the middle age as was 1 1 in
latter above the barbarians, who iitleiiipti'd
to smother the first flickering light of a
dawning civilization. Every church spire
in Christendom rises In testimony of thl
fact; nnd every organization tashioned upon
the principles of high authority and human
brotherhood, such as yours, Is one of the
foundation stone upon which rests securely
the temple of modern progri's.
If. then, the objects of your society 11 re so
far above the reach of challenge, the incth-
ed by which you seek to in mplih thciu
must be no lew so, Carping fault-tlndeis
there are, ready to argue in audi caw that,
if the spirit of association be good, the as
sociation itself must be bad, because it is
evelusiveand contlned to the particular por
tion constituting the membership. The
fallacy of such an argument I shown in a
thoiisau 1 of the most commonplace matters
of life, and 1 illustrated by the domestic
all'air of the family a well m by the higher
policy of the nation. Tint ellleleney of asso
ciated effort ha ever been rocognixed it the
first ttep toward accomplishment of pur
pose. Wu are all familiar with tliu story of
the wine king who illustrated to hi quarrel
THE STRENGTH OV IXION,
by requesting each to break a bundle of rod
lxmnd together. Upon their failure; to do
so he showed them how easily u single stick
out of tho bundle might be broken. Tim
lesson was a simple one, but full of practical
wisdom. Ever- leaf of ancient history
hit it record of associations for the promo
tion of a common object. It is to be feared,
however, that iu the overwhelming majority
of iustance the object has been bad and the
effect pernicious to the general interests, he
cause the principle of association, protected
by the garb of secrecy, was used to further
political purpose. Through the enginery of
this powerful means States have been over
turned and Empires have been built upon
Sad and black as is this confession, how
ever, it has its colors of relief in the know
ledge that learning was fostered, protected
and perpetuated, by tho association of its
devotees, while the various schools of an
cient philosophy represented combination
of individuals, who nurtured the increasing
stock of knowledge for transmission to tho
coming generations. 5Ioro Important than
tins, however, was the agency of association
in the growth or me oiuiu.u. .wi:0t..,n(
from the nucleus of the twelve Apostle,
there has been multiplied the millions, who
now recognize the divinity of Him who died
upon the cross.
And, fellow-citizens, it is a curious and
instructive circumstance that, through nil
the mutations of time, carrying with them
the (lest inies of men und nations, there lias
come down to our generation, from the
misty darkness of the paHt, no association
of individuals, the professed object of which
is not the inculcation ot virtue anil the ele
vation of the staudard of moral character.
Secret associations for the furtherance of
political ambition, or the management of
the affairs of nations, have melted into thin
air, and left scarce a trace behind.
In magnificent coutrast to the schemes of
personal aggrandizement represented by the
associations just dwelt upon, stand "such
fraternities as those represented to us by
EMERALD BENEFICIAL ASSOCIATION,
with their objects ojien as day, and their
purposes exclusively directed toward the
elevation of character, and the practice of
those virtues which make the whole world
kin. They must be recognized as among
the civilizing agencies of our time, and the
members who compose them are entitled to
the respect, the gratitude and the admira
tion of their fellow-men. Let it be claimed,
by those who will insist upon making such
a claim, that the direct advantages of the
association are only with the member who
compose it, and still it must appear that so
ciety in general is bettered by the example,
and benefitted by the practice. Every man
in the community who practices correct liv
ing: who professes t3 be governed in his
private life by the influences of a religious
belief; who presents an example of sobriety:
of honesty in his dealings, and charity and
fellowship in hi intercourse with his
noilltxus, la, a, 'xl citizen; uud uhii
the number of good citizens in n
community rests tho general order ami
well-being of tho community at
large. A vicious population tills the jails
and the penitentiaries, and become a men
ace to the people in general, while an idle
population tills the almshouse and public
institutions and becomes a charge upon the
public purse. Therefore, I say that every
effort which proposes to better the charac
ters of men ; which cultivates the principles
of honor and correct living; which promotes
industry and discountenances idleness;
which provides for the poor, nurses the sick,
cares for the widow and educates the orphan,
is entitled to the profound gratitude of
every man and woman in the community,
and merits the respect as well as deserves
the protection of that free government
whicli such effort is doing o much to sus
tain, upon the only safu basis of an enlight
Your associations, fellow-citizens, is of
this character: and while your efforts in
behalf of each other are worthy of all
commendation, the benelit you are con
ferring upon the general public in furnish
ing an exemplary class of citizens in support
of good government merit the recognition
of nil; und for my parti congratulate you
upon your good work, and bid you God
speed in all such valuable contributions to
the public welfare.
To this extent, fellow-citizens, I claim a
mutuality of interest with you, as should
every man, whatever be his religious belief
or his political creed, who desires the per
petuation of the free and tolerant govern
ment under which we live, lint .strong as
is such a bond.of interest between us, it is
immeasurably strengthened by those
of our national history, covering the years
from lS'll to lsjil"), through which every
man, of whatever country he might be
native, who bore arm in defense of the
Union cutisi) earned the right to claim a
citizenship, founded not simplv ucou legal
enactment, but upon the broad ground of
title inhering to a nations dclenilers upon
the Held of buttle. This vast country of
ours is largely composed, as youwcll know,
of a population who sought it out as the 111
Dorado of liberty and equal rights, and aa
refuge for the oppressed of all nations. The
magnanimity With which our government
has ever treated its cln of adopted citizens
is evidenced by the laws which have en
franchised the disenfranchised of other
hind, and vested with all the attributes and
privilege of men those who, under oilier
govcrunioitls. had the mere semblance of a
right to think and to net for themselves;
and nobly, indeed, did this class of our
f"llov.eltlzen show tlidr appreciation of
the priceless boon which their adopted
nationality had conferred on them by
Ill'SlltVl TO ITS OKKKNCK
when the (lay of trial caine that day which
ho severely tested the quest ion of the possi
bility of a government undrr which every
man'is equal in the race of life; 11 govern
ment under which there are no titles save
those earned by honor and correct living;
under which there are no king toclahn the
line linen, and no beggars to be glad of the
rugsi under which there are no masters mid
no slaves, and under which every one, no
matter how lowly his station, is made to
feel tho force of the Scottish po'd's words!
"Tin rank lalnil the gulne"' atntap,
A uiiiu'i a nun for a' thul."
NEW SERIES NO. 8
To its adopted fellow-citizens who so no
bly stixal in defense of its integrity ami
lerpvtuity, our country can have no other
word than those of praise, and no other
sentiment thau that of grateful recognition.
Reared, us many of them had been, under
the hard rules of proscription and grinding
exaction pertaining to their mother lands'
they tought with a vigor for their new-found
liberties, stimulated by the contrast which
happy experience had enabled them to draw
in tavor of their adopted country. Of tho
men who assisted at the second birth of our
Republic none there were who deserved a
larger meed of credit than the natives ami
descendants of a country which, for Ion"
continued and cxtremo 0
SEVERITY OK OPPRESSION
unrelieved by tho commonest Drincinles of
justice, probably stands nlouo in the history
.r ,iw. n.,.i.i t., 1 , .. ,
luu noun, r or aosoiiiu) despotism dur
ing a comparatively limited number of
years, perhaps the rule of Turkey over soma
of her unfortunate dependencies may sur
pass all others; but for injustice at the in
ception, followed for centuries by acts of
oppression, cruelty and dishonor, the courso
hit Lillian uuvernmeni toward tne long
suffering Irish people must be denounced
as infamous in the cxtremo by every fair
II we appeal m .... , , ;
shall we find a man who, takingirifb IToLJl
deratiou his field of action, rose to a greater
stature as a General nftd a hero than Brian
Horn, the Irish King, who finally defeated
and repelled the invading Dane9 at Clon
tarf, near Dublin, on Good Friday, iu the
year A. D. 1014. Or, if we seek a later in
stance, let us cite one to whom England
owes not only much of her military prestige,
but also much of her recent territory a man
whom, iu the general order to the army by
the Queen, is stated to have been ''the great
est commander England ever saw;" a man
who saved Europe from the dominion of the
first Napoleon, and broke his power upon
the field of Waterloo Wellington, "The
Iron Duke" an Irishman by birth, if not
a true Irishman in feeling. If we appeal to
the test. if royalty where shall we find a more
noble type during the twelfth century than
Roderick, who died as the last King of all
Ireland. If we turn to the test of states
manship, where shall we look for a more
sagacious, a more wise, a more just or
more learned example than Daniel O'Con
nell, the man so dear to the Irish heart.
What more charming novelist is there than
Goldsmith, whose "Vicar of Wuketield" is
read in every tongue ; and what more de
lightful songster than the glorious Moore.
The world's "Tom Moore," whose melodies
ever fresh and ever new, have brought more;
pleasure to a greater number of peoplo per
haps than the similar productions of any
There can be no successful charge of per
verting the truth of history, or attempting
to appeal to the passions, when it is claimed
that the history of the Irish people, since
the English invasion, has been a loug record
PKItSKCCTTtON, INJl'STICE AND OPPRESSION,
which must tihvavs remain as a disf ?? urin
mark upon the English character and tho
Up to the time of the Conquercr, tho allo
dial tenure was in vogue among the Eng
lish people u tenure which gave to the in
dividual the absolute right of property.
After the conquest, however,
THE FKl'DAL SYSTEM
was concurred in, a system which, ns Clack
stone says, declared that the king is tho
universal lord and proprietor of all tho
lands in his kingdom. This system pre
vailed throughout all Europe from tho
ninth to the thirteenth century, and under
it the conquest of Ireland ami the confisca
tion of private lands were attempted to bo
justified. But it is a matter of record ami
proof that iu the sequestration of the Irish
lroperty not even the just requirements of
the feudal system were complied with. Tho
whole story is not one of fairconquest within
the scope or the civilization of that era, but
of deception, of treachery, of broken com
pacts and execrable faith, through which
the right'ul owners were turned out of pos
session; compelled tj pay the lion's share
of their labor to a titled class who?
did not even live among them ; robbed of :l
nationality, and, more than all, perhaps,
compelled to accept a religion not of their
own choosing, at the point of the sword.
There is scarcely a parallel to it in history.
Feudality under tho Romans even found it
not only just but expedient and politic, to
give some privilege to the tenant, whereby
lie could heroine interested in the land
itself. Under the English system there
were no privileges in the present and no
hope in the future; there was general
estrangement of title and private robbery
and spoliation; under the claim of conquest
by force of superior arms and power, sub
jugation was really effected by means un
known even to feudalism. Nor was the suli
jiigation the act of a year, nor yet of a de
cade! nor was it the pure product of the
battlefield; but largely of intrigue too baso
to bear thd name of diplomacy. Once be
gun the end was gradually consummated
througluenturies of wrong and injustice.
A to oppressive laws, we may ransack nit
the volumes of statutory enactments ever
made by governments professing liberality
and nothing will be found to equal
TIIK PEN'AI. LAWS
nii'de by the British Government for thr
Irish people. Tho former slave system of
our own free America was a blot upon our
civilization which the people of our times
have pretty effectually washed out; but to
those who' have been attentive students of
all the details of Irish history, it must cer
tainly appear that a wrong toward a suffer
ing people was perpetrated upon Irish men
and women by n government which
held up its hands In agony at the' American
slave system, as great, in nearly all respects,
as thai Inflicted by tho slave drivers. For,
if you rob a man of all he has in property;
if you taku aw:.y his personal liberty, com
pel him to work for you, and allow hint
nothing but the barest mean of subsist
ence, it you suppress hi freedom of ex
pression, and compel him to pour out his
complaints to the silent hours of the night;
if you stifle hi religious lielief nnd forco
him to sustain by his labor and means a
form of worship which ho docs not approve;
if you taku away all means of education
and withdraw ull iMissiblo chanco for bet
tering Ills condition by worth and merit.
Continued uu third page,