Newspaper Page Text
DAILY CAIRO BULLETIN
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 15, 1873.
NEW SERIES NO. 89 ;
OEOCKJW AND COMMISSION' MERCHANTS.
gTKATTON fe MUD,
57 OHIO LEVEE.
AGENTS AMERICAN POWDEECOMFY
W. Stkatton, Cairo.
T. Hum. Mlaaonrl.
I ENERU. DELIVERY open 7:1W . m.; cloe
J it: ft i in. ; ruii'l.ijr : s to a in.
Money Order Department open at 8 a. m.; c!oe
fit 5 p in.
Thromjli Expre Mall via Ullnol Central and
Mi-iippl Central Railroad close at i. p. III.
Cairo unit l'il ar ilhilf Through and Wuy Mall
Clo-e. l MM p. n.
Way Mull via llllnola Central. Cairo anil Vltl
ccntie mid Ml.ippl Centra) Railroad. cluo it
IMS p. in.
Way Mall fur Narrow clause Railroad eliajc at 8
a. m. ' t
Cairo and Eanllle l'.lvcr Route cloaca at A :3
p. m. daliy tcieept Friday'.
Arrival and liepmture of Trains.
ILLINOIS CENTRAL RAILROAD.
Krprc 2:ki p.m. I :l" p.m.
Mali 4.011 in. n o p.m.
Irciuht 7:ob.ui :uia.m.
Freight :ip m. A.Wu.m.
CAIRO AND VINC'ENNES KAIl.MJAD.
Mall I'enip.m. ( tii.m.
bT. LOUS. I. M. ANC bOl.TllF.KS RAILROAD.
Expre RlWa.ni. 4)p.in.
CAIRO AND ST. LOUS UAIU(O.U).
Throuirh Expre S. 15 p.m. fcrtta.ui.
Murpliyaburo A commodatlon 1:J.C p.m. t-JHp ia.
El'.ept Wllll'lay, Klcept.MonilBy.
ILLINOIS CENTRAL "R;i;
Shortest and Quickest Iloute to
St. Louis and Chicago
1' HE only road running two daily train from Cairo
making dir.! roiineetioii vtith Eastern line.
TRAINS LKAVK CAIRO I :H p. m : Fast it
pr-M. arrlvluit in St. Unit p in.: Chltio ::!
a. m.: 1:10 p. in.: Cincinnati and LouiarHle. Kntt
Line, arrlvlnir In t 'Inciiitiatl ai :o:, a. m.: Loul-vllle
"H a. in.; lixllaiiaHolia 4:15 a. lu. l'awcugcr liy
hi tralu arrive al above polul
12 TO 34 WW IN ADVANCE
Of any other route.
II 1 A P ra- P"' ,,n 'leepera attached, for
' iT. LOL IS and UlIC.Wi. arrlvlni: In St.
Louis at fi:'op m : rhlia.'o at ::' p m., couuwt
I i.-j t odin or Kfflnliaiu lor Cluduuali. Louisville
FAST TIME EAST.
1 Y ? I i " I i I i ' (() the Kt without any
di'luv rau.ed l.y Sitndny Intervenim;. The fnmr
fUt kiN moon train Irrnn t alro am. in New York
Monday nmriite.i: i Ul-A'. Thirtv-.u bourn III ml
e of anv it'li- r route.
I ff- A'!verti-eineiii o' rompetini! line, that they
tn !e;ter time thmitlii" one ore lned either
thro'r.'li 'iioriiiM e or a ili'.ire to ini-H-id the pnhllr.
F .r throiiL'ti lii 'K t ami infuriiiHtiou apply at 1111
Doii) ti'btrai K.iilro.it deimt. t iro.
TKAINS AKIIIVE AT CAIIiO:
XJ., 4 m a III.
.1 .1 HI N " iN. Uen'l Southern Ak I.
I. II Junes. Titket An-m.
(JAIRO it ST. LOUIS ILK.
bhortest Line to St. Louis!
rniE train, tiv tlil rond oonneet at St. fowl and
1 Kn-t M l.oiil. ith all other lltief to the EAsT,
UliTli AM Ol Til.
Through erpre" leave Cairo 11:W a.m.
n iiron.M expn arrive al Eat St. I.oul ti:l."p m.
Murpliv-lioro arromiiiiHlolloii leave I a1 ni l!: IS p.m.
Mmpln-horo are. arrive at .Mutihloru icMp.ni.
Tlirmi 'h expre leave Ent St. Loiii H:4."i a.m.
Tiiroui;h expre arrive at Cairo .VK p.m.
Mnrpln-horo nee. leave Murphloro. ... a. III.
MurphylMiroaec. arrive at Cairo 12:.5p.m.
m.AT VAIPVI'TIIK Cairo and St. I.oul
JlIj.H li.UDIilt linllnmcl I the only ALL
HAIL Hol'TK hetwnen Calru nnd St. Loiii under
(me inaiiairemeiit: tlien-fore there are no ilelav at
vuie tiiiloii awaltlii" roniiei tion from other line.
;r IVtMenucr. u.Hiiij 'nrth. 'Nnrtheat and Wot
ahoiilil not hit) their tiekeU Until they havo exam
llioil our rate and route.
L. M. JOHNSON", fienenil .Manner.
P. J. FINK. Heneral Agem. Culro. III.
QAIRO it VINCENNES R. R.
r i virW'Hl! SliniiTEST ROUTE TO
if AT IT VC TIIK SHORTEST TO LOUS
47 .MILPiH VII.I.E, CINCINNATI, HAL
')I AITTVCTIIE SHORTEST TO INDIAN;
ill .MILES AI-oLIS.I'lllLADELI'lllA.NEW
VOHK ANU 1J0STON
SIX HOURS SAVED
Over trulua of nil other route making thu camo
nr I'iieni:er hy other route tj
IIOII 111111 rllte till II l Kin "none.
an one to lx
hour at Htnall country ntuliona
"ilim of cull'
Iti'ctt ii tr. roiuln.
i U't.ri.rTi t.ihthk FAcT!IiTOTkoonr4:IA
il lil li.ill) TiK m (ruin, reachlnir Evan
vllle, Inillniiiipoll. Cincinnati and l.iilvlH
l:iv. Triiln leave mid arrive at Cairo a followa:
Mull leave 4:4.. a.m.
Mull arrive HIMmp.m.
Through ticket mid checka to all Important
F."aTmIM.EU ItOSWKM. MIM-ER.,
Cieli'l l'a. AuPlit. Oenernl Bup't.
I.. I). CHl'Ut'II, PaaeiiKer Aifunt.
gT. L., I. M. & SOUTItKRN.
V , iltV
Kxpt liart Cairo dully
Jixpre) arrlva at Cairo dully
rSv-N. ' I t I t....-:.-- 1
WiTCHKS. JF.WELKY, KTC.
Edward A. Uvdei;
(SucceMor to Z. A W. Buder),
And Dealer la
Watches, Clocks, Fine Jewelry
Cor. Eighth St. and Washington Ave.
Watcliniaker & .Teweler
NO. 10 EIGHTH STREET,
Between Commercial and t (vf Til
Vablutftou avta., f Villi U, J 11.
FINE WATC1IW0EK A SPECIALTY.
rEngravlnifand all kind of repairing neatly
14T All kind of Solid Jewelry made to order .
WHOI.KSAI.K WINKS AND LICilOILS.
Whnlvale and Retail Dialer In
Foreign and Domestic Liquors
Wines of all Kind.,
NO. CO OHIO LEVEE.
MESSRS. SVYTII t CO. havo contaiitly a larje
twk of the lie.t iikh1 In the market and (ivu
e'I'eclnl attention to la wholeaale hraueh t the
l'AIXTS. OILS, WALL PAPER. CTC.
)t F. BLAKE,
Paints,()ils, Varnishes, Brushes
Window Gliisj, Window Shades, Ete.
Alwaya on hand the celebrated n.U'HiSATiNO
Bro' linllilin;:, Com-
uien ial Ae (
p'SLHANCE AGENCY OF I
AVklls it Kekth,
T'nveil I'.iii.iili ii. 1 (f'f Montreal. Can i
Jill) ill I (UlilUlilII , ( apital...iiiMn,old.
British A merica I-A:itf Jrt:i:;w.V..
Mi'lli !ll i Firv and Miriiie (Millville, N. J )
.Mill) Hit j A.M.-I. f t.44-.'.tK.M.
Vn win 1 'Of Philadelphia; etnh!i.hed in
i 11IUI1) A"-t. fttl.liK.m.
idf Dnvtun. (M.
S i Aet
. .. jiiu.ti).!;.
(Orni'lll 1 (Of Freeport. Ill.l.
Oi l Hid 11 ( Aet $iv.k.:.
RISKS WRITTEN AT KAIK HATES.
Ofll'o in AU'XiukUm County Dank.
i I I
c xj ! F
1 A. ? 5
n n 6
' IT' - 2
5. Jl I ?
HOOT AND SHOK MAKERS.
BOOT AND SHOE MAKER
Commerclnl Avenue, het
Sixth nnd Seventh ft.
nAKKSplea.ure In announclnuto hi patron and
.1 thu public ifutirrnlly that he hii recently received
the Uncut and til""t eleet Iock of Leather uf every
ilewrlptlon ever liroueht to thl city. All work In
hi line executed pnunptlv and In the het manner.
Entire ntliactlou irlvell In every liitanee. J'rlcca
rerti-oniilile. A ponl in I Invltntiiiu extended to nil to
call and examine uooda and learn price.
UNIVERSITY OK VIIfINIA.-Setiin be
Kin on the Flrt of October, and continue nliiii
nmiitli. The I lift 1 1 II t i. i li I oririmlzed on the elec
tive vtem, irlvlna thetudent free choice of tud
le, with Ml cuure in tint School of the Acade
mic Department and lu thu School of l.iiw,
Medicine, Enalneerliii; and Airrlcttlture. For cut
nlniMie apply to the Sercotnry of thu Facility, I". O
I lilveralty of Virginia.
JAMES F. llARKISON, M.D.,
Chiilrmauof t hu Faculty.
J J LOOM I NO TON LAW SCHOOL.
.Iudi.li It. M. Ilenjatnln, Dean; Elementary and
("iih'tlltitloiiiil Law. .IiuIl'ii O, T. Reeve., Turta
and Kqiilly. O. W. Aldrleh. I'll. I). 1.1.. 1).. Con.
tract and Ri al I'ropertv. lion, Lawrence Weldon,
1'lendliiK. A. O. Knrr. l.L. II., Evldencu and Crlinl.
ii h I Law. Diploma on twuyeiirxilteudiince, itdnili
to the liar of llllntil. I'rlc fur het exiiinliintlon
on whole emir!'. Flrt prir.a, 81011; tiud prlan, f.Vi;
Three term a year. Tuition )l& per term, Fall
term henlim Thiirday, Septeinher 14. 1H:h. Fur
further Itil'ormiitloii apply to A. O. KAltlt, Dlooin
Sneezing Catarrh, Chronic Ca
tarrh, Ulcerative Catarrh,
permanently cured by
Sanford'a Radical Cure for Cartarrh I a afe. cer
tain, and permanent en re for catarrh of every form,
and la thu mwl perfect remedy ever di'vleil. It I
purely a ve.'tuhle dltilliitlon,aud I. applied Im al
ly hy liKUlllatloii, and coiititutlonally by Internal
adiiiliilnlrtitlon. Locally applied, relief I lntanla
neoil. It .(Millie, heal, and cleane thu nu.al
IaauH ot every feeling of heavlne. ohtructlon.
(tiillne ordixzine.. Coutltutioiiallyaduilulter
ed it renovate the blood, purine it of the acid
poinon with which It I alway chanted In catarrh,
plliniilate the toinach. liver and kidney, perfi-rtu
dletlin. make new IiIihkI. and permll thu furm
nllon of olnid. healthv tllle. and liuallr obtain
complete control over the dleai. The remurkablv
curative power, when all other remedle utterly
fall, of Saudford'a Radical Cure, are atteted by
thonaiiil who irrutefully recommend It to fello-
uncrer. No atatemeiit I miulv na'anlliiK It unit
cauuot l' ilhlaiiialed bv the mot re.peetable
and reliable reference. It I a i;reat and ooil med
icine, and worthy all confidence, bach packtie
contain a treatic on catarrh and Dr. Sanford Im
proved InhalliiiK Julie, and full dlreclluna for it
ue in all ce. rrke (1.
An Entlmsiastie Friend of Sauford's
Mi Hattov. Ohait Hiuiwn FtitE and I
MA III Nit IXIKAN( f. Al.KNl-r. r
? Pine Street. St. Loui. Mo.. Feb. 7. 177 (
A. A. Mfi.t.ir.u. WaHhlnton Av., City. Dear Mel
Her: I have for oine yrar been troubled with ca
turrh. ami for the pai-t' two year have mnVreu er
Um.ly with It. Noticing your advertiement of
Sanlord Remedy ( Radical Cure). I decided to trv
It. I have ued (inlv two iNittle. and a a remit I
feel o much relieved that 1 pcrume on our peron
al relation and write thi to you and ak that you
take onie meaiure to uet It more prominently ha
fore thepubllc, that other may have m li relief a
I have. 1 have reromincned It Uiqulte a ntimbernf
mv friend, all of whom havo exiiru..ed to me their
hiVh .llmat of Ita raluo aud uood vflectavillh
1 n-allv think It particularly adapted to want of
St. Loui people, and they all ntmhl to kuow of It.
and thiwc who need It ahonld try It. I will r1k the
aMvrtloa that lull 1 on. viala (a a faiuple) 10 be
lvnawair will aell a mauy bottlei.
Trv ome Man. Let l lit) peoplo nave It; they
need It. I hellete I could ell Sum bottlea luyelf
of count) vou could lardy lucreae tin numiK-r.
Why not try It r Your truly, WM. JJOWEN .
Sold hy al! wholesale and retail drn;i:lt and
dea)urfu medicine throughout the I'nited State
and Canada. WEEKS A i'OTTEH. Oeiieral
Amenta and w holeale drui!irit. Itoton, M.ir.
Collin's Voltaic Plasters.
MESSRS. WEEKS A- PUTTER: tientlemen
Oiie year Biro wa ieil with a evere attack of
Rheumatim In mv ri-ht hip. to which Iv,aiib
jeet. tried the viirlou liiiiineiit and rhviimallc
cure. bit without lent lienetlt. when my hii. a
dru.-it, iiL'L'etei one ol yutir Coiliin.' Voltaic
FliiMer. The elJ'ecl wa 1 iiio-t llin.'iciil. for. to mv
Kritleful urple. I wa luio-t immediately well
apiin. and aide to uork upon my fiinn a n-u:il.
wnerea. Ix fort- the application or' the p!ater, I
could do uothiiii:. and every tep iruve me pain. A
lew week" iiice. one year from the llrt attack, the
tlleae returned, lm I Hin hnppy to ay the etond
proved ti ettirrcloii" u the lirl.and 1 urn now widl.
My wife wii-hc me to udd that one pl:it,-r ha
cured her of a very lame back. We think there I
noililii'.' in the world of rvnicdien that can com pure
with the Collin' Voltaic l'lu-ter lor rhc iimutUin
and la no-back, and , lioerfully recoinuiciid them to
the ur)eriiii. Your verr re'iieetfullv.
OiiLAMi, Me., .lu tie II. KM, llUllEHT CO.MTON.
NOT A OJACK NOSTRUM.
f'KNTI.I. aKN I hereby certify that for evera1
year paM I have ued the Voltaic l'later In my
practice, and have never known theiii to rail lu
an"oruin' peeily relief In thoe cae Tor which they
arc rti'oiiiim inlctl. They are nolaiuuck iiotruni,
but a remedial a.'elit of treat value. Vcrv trulv
your. W. c. COLLINS, M . 0. '
iktKsPoliT, Me., May 27. lsrt.
PRICE :, CENTS.
He careful to ohiain CoIIIuk' Voltaic I'lntcr, a
coiuliiiiatioii of electric and voltaic .plate, witli a
hlirhlv nieilieaii-il planter, a eeii in the above cut.
!old ny all whok'.ile and retail ilnwi;ii thnuisrh
out the I niti'tl Mute and Canada", and hy WEEKS
A l'OTTEK. proprietor. Ho-toti, Ma.
View of AEarriao!
l'Af l AT A Ciulde to Wedlock and
y yj Jl j Vl cenllilentlal treatise
dillle of marrlni!e
J-tsn rni. (t! n' tt th.
MAUIM (1 V-'crct of Reproduction and
.llalUVI.VII 'f h,. Dctic of Womeii. A
hook for private, considerate rendiiiu, li'KI ptitfe,
Price jo cent.
A PRIVATE MEDICAL ADVISER!
On nil dlorder of a private nature nrllnj; from
elf ahtle, excee. or secret dlejie. w ith the heat
menu of cure. luru'e liau'e. price "i cent.
A clinical lecture on the above tll"cac nnd lhoe
of the throat. Itinu', catarrh, rupltiru, thu opluiu
iniiiii, eic. price in ceni,
Either honk ent tiost tiulil on recelnt of nrlce: ot
all three, containing ."i00 pnue, bcautllully llluttra-
led. lor iS cent.
Addre DR. BUTTS, Xo. 14 N. 8th at., St. Loui
men, lo ot vitality, premature wenkiie, enerva
tion of iniiiii and body, disorder of I lie bruin and
nervon vtem. and mlerle reanltlnu therefrom,
apeetllly cured by HATES' HPKClFIt!. Prepared
hy an eminent physician: $.1 a case, 4 for $!S: aoltl hv
ilntifi;l"t. For circular with full particular, ad
dre 1)H. BATES, m State alreet, Chlciitfti. III.
NO CURE NO FEE ! ,' frllk
hospllal. IK" Kat Wiihlui,'tou atreet, Clilcauo, for
the cure of all private, chronic, and special diseases.
SKMIttAI, WKAKNK. NKIIVot'a IIKIIII.ITV mill LOST
MANiioon. periiiuneiitly cured. Dr. O. la a Krailuatti
of the Keforiu School, and nea no niercurv; haw the
luriie.t prurtleo lu the Culled Stale, I.aiiik re
(uirlii treatment, with homu mid hoiiril. call or
write. Every convenience for patient. Send liftv
cent for MA Kit I At IK UUDK! 475 paie llliislrni
eil, Married ladle und iteullemen. end tlftv cent
for nmplu of rubber kimiiIm and circular of Import
ant Information by expre. Consultation free and
conltilentloK Itellable Female PHI $5 a mix.
k"1 rtAALAHY. Perniaiient aleuien want-
I Z Wlr'd to sell Staple OihiiI to dealer, No
Vx"v,-'peddlllii. Kxpeiiaea paid, Addre
S, A. ( RANT X CO. ,3, 4,8 ii 8 Homo St., Cin
f.)OOLD PLATED WATCIIKrt. Cheapeat III
Aitha world. Sample Watch Free In Aueut. Ad
Viiru., A. COUl.TkiU Jt CO., Chlcam. HI.
AND MORPHINE IIAIIIT CI'RKI)
Ml llJlTl'rhu Original and only ah.olutu
'cure, neml taiiiii fir hook m
Opium Katlnu, to W, U. Squire, WortbliiKtou,
Uremic, County, lud.
RAVAGES OF THE SC'OUROE AT NEW ORLEANS
AND OTEEIt P0IST8.
New Orleans, Auyust 13. New cases,
43; deutlm, 21.
A lutvr tlisputch from Dr. Stmo at Port
Eads n-porta (J new ciiscn itinco yesterday
find 2 ikutha.
A ilt-spittcli from Butler P."Ainlcpnn,
vice-prusitk'tit MumpliiH Howurd Asuociii
tion, dati;il Grenada, M'ihh., to-day, to the
Howard Association of thin city says: ''Send
orange leaves nntl nurses; situation fearful;
worse than in lt)73, in Memphis."
Dr. Manderille ami four nurses sent by
the Howard Association have arrived at
Grenada. Seven more nurses left hero f.ir
that joint to-day,
A oentine case.
MKMriiis, Aii'tist 13. Mrs. KateBiorda,
an Irish woman livina at 21i Front-street,
corner of Adams, nearly tlie center of the
city, is officially reported this morcinjr as
having a genuine esse of yellow fever. She
has heen keeping small eating liouso
which lias liecn entin-ly fretUented hy
roiistnlxiuts and river hands. Dr. Erskine,
health otficer, has taken charge of the
lutilding and hlock, and goes to work at
disinfecting and fumigating the entire
Memphis, Tenn., August 13. A special
to tho Avalanche, late to-night, resrts
seven deaths and eight new cases in the
last twenty-four hours at Grenada, and in
ilicutions are that eight or nine will die
before noon to-morrow with from twelve to
fifteen new cases. So far none have got
well. The city is in a bail, tilthy condition.
Fever is retorted lit Winona ami Canton,
AT l'ORT EADS.
Pout Eads. August 13. Three new cases,
including the telegraph operator, and one
EXCITEMENT AT LITTLE ROCK.
Little Kock, Ark. August 13. Con
siderable excitement prevails here over yel
low lever reports trom Grenada and .Mem
phis and Btrict quarantine will !e enlorceu
VifKSKiitn, Augtitt 13. Health officer
reports no new cases of fever had appeared
Up to tpjou to-day,
RECLAMATION OF SWAMP LANIS.
HON. A. C. MATTHEWS ON THE PROPOSED
August 12, 1S73. f
lion. John II. Oherly, Cairo, 111.
Dear Sir: Your letter of the 10th Inst.,
in which you ask me to "give the reasons
why it is neccsMiry to amend tho constitu
tion as proposed by the last General Assem
bly, and iny views, as the author of the
resolution, us to the legislation needed when
the amonilini'iit is adopted," is at hand ami
respect fully noted.
The proposed amendment reads as fol
lows: 'The General Assembly may pass laws
permitting the owners of lands
to construct drains, ditches and levees for
agricultural, sanitary and mining purposes,
across the land of othi rs, and provide' fur the
organizationof drainage distrietsaml vest the
corporate authorities thereof with p.nver
to construct and maintain drains, ditches
and levees, and keep in repair all drains,
ditches and levees heretofore constructed
under the laws of this State, by special as
sessment upon the property benefited
To thoe familiar with the legislation
and decisions of our Supreme Court on
this subject, an explanation is not at all
necessary. So thoroughly were the mem
bers of the last General Assembly convinced
of the iinjMi.tunee of the amendment, that
there were recorded against its passage but
two votes in the House and none in the
Senate, and this notwithstanding the fact
that the General Assembly has no power
to propose amendments to more than one
article of the constitution at the tnmn ses
sion, nor to the same article more than once
in four years. This of itself would indi-
V he importance of this measure,
General Assembly in (see Statutes of
is4, page 42'.i), under the supposed powers
contained in See. ill, of Art. 4, of
the Constitution of 1870. passed
a general act entitled "An act to provide
for the construction of drains, ditches, lev.
ees and other works," containing some tlt'ty
six sections, providing for the construction
of drains, ditches, levees and other works,
for agricultural and sanitary purposes, tube
paid for by a system of special assessments
made against the land benellted by the
works in proportion to the bonellt.s, and not
against other land. By rending that act
carefully, It will be observed that all
vitalityit has is the right to go upon
and tax tho lands benefited to
pay for the construction of the work.
This right our Supremo Court has decided
can not bo exercised under Sec. 31, Art. 4,
of the present constitution, in three ditl'crent
eases. Thu Hint went up from Crawford
county, and was decided In 1870, and can
bo found in 81st Ills. Hep, pg. 4!), Up
dike vs. Wright. Another case went upfront
this county which has not yet been report
ed. The first ease however covers the wholo
ground, and the fact that a rehearing was
had, ami the case reargued by counsel,
among thu ablest in the state, and the former
decision adhered to and realllrmeil, gives
the nplnon more weight and makes it abso
lute authority umier our laws. Thu court
(roes further aud holds that, under Sec. 0,
Art 9, of tho constitution of 1870, (whirh
it hold to le a limitation on the taxing
rwir), the General Asaembly has no right
to delegate to any corporate authority, ex
cept that of "cities, town and villages,"
the right to make locol improvements by
special assessments, or by sjiccial taxationof
contiguous proerty, (seo also case of Up
dike v. Wright;. There was a like holding
Under a uliiiliar provision under the con
atitution of 1848. Seu7tst Ills. Kept., p.
318; also 57th Ills. Kep. p. 141 and 53d
Ills., Kep., p. 105.
If you will examine these cases carefullA
you will find that all of our legislation that
can lie of any general importance on the sul-
ject of drains, ditches ami levees has been
held unconstitutional. Soma time last
winter I hail a conference with Col. Fisher,
of the Agricultural Department at Spring
field. To get this matter before the jicople
and to show the facts, hu undertook to get
up through his correspondents, a table show
ing the number of acres of swamp lands in
the state, their present value and their value
when reclaimed, as they might bo under a
general druinage law bused upon the pro
posed amendment. His correspondents are
among tho most intelligent farmers in the
state. He finds that there arc one million
eight huundred and thirteen thousand and
ninety-six acres of swamp land in the state,
which are now valued at twelve million
eight hundred and sixty-nine thousand two
hundred and eighty-six dollars, and which
will be worth when reclaimed
fifty-two million nine hundred
and fifty-eight thousand, six hundred and
three dollars, lcing an increase in value of
forty million eighty-nine thousand three
hundred and seventeen dollars. The in
crease is aiKiut iwenty-inree uouars per
acre. These figures, I have no doubt, are
in the main correct, but are more likely; fc
be under than over the ejr-p tiiiiHo
The Chicago Tnbuft, a, 1 ftrly0 on
this sulnec, ji,; 8tilt,.Si tlat
"it is not extravagant to assume that leav
ing out of calculation tho lands along the
river bottoms, and those requiring the con
struction of levees for their protsetifin, in
two years ; by ordinary ditching, tiling nnd
other drainage, there can lie rescued from
the water and put in cultivation at least
1 .500,009 ncro of as good and productive
eorn land as can be found in tho State,
equal to an addition of 45,000,000 bushels
of corn nr 2,000,00(1 to the number of hogs
produced annually in the State, fiie cost
distributed among the owners, each
man supervising his own expenditure will
lie small when compared with the returns."
To my mind these are all
the reasons that need be stated. They are
in the interest of agriculture, cheap lands
and labor. As you will observe, the special
assessments under the proposed amendment
are to be levied against the property bene
fitted thereby, which excludes all other
property. The parties owning these lands
are not asking money, originations, or con
tributions, but simply the right o' reclaim
ing their own lands at their own expense.
It is the permission to help themselves that
they aro asking and not tho assistance of
others. If, however, the right should be
granted, it can only be exercised by ,i vote
of the people interested atter tho adoption
of the amendment. The Supreme Court
says in the Updike easr; tint "permitting
the owner of lands to construct drain, "etc.
('same languageas thmiiiVMi dm 'iiti, "implies
the community whose property is to be
taxed may have the right of election in the
matter before the tax is imposed." The
language employed implies voluntary in tlon.
Hence, in framing theamendment, the words
"permitting," etc. and "provide for the organ
ization of drainage districts," were used with
the understanding that the property in said
districts could not he taxed for improve
ments until after any law, proposing taxa-
' ' ' ' ' .....!
; tton, amount nrivt. tynu 'OVi't upon ttr.i Tar
ried by tho district interested or ell'it'ted
thereby. Thus guarded, legislation will be
safe and tho property of no district taxed
but by tho consent of the owners. In our
county we have constructed a levee along
the banks of the Mississippi river over fifty
miles in length, at large expense, and if it
ever should bo completed, and it will be if
the umendment is adopted, and we get the
necessary legislation, it will reclaim over
100,000 ucres of the best lands of Iliinois in
one body. As soon as the law under
which wo were operating was declared
unconstitutional, wo found it impossible to
raise a cent to keep it in repair by taxation,
and we had to resort to voluntary contriou
tions, like building a church, for that pur
pose. What Is true of lands in our county
Is truo of all other counties in the Slate
bordering on the rivers, In a greater or less
degree. Tho fear is that the amendment
will bo allowed to bo defeated by default,
that is by parties not voting on tho subject.
Art. 14, Sec. 3, of the constitution provides
"Said Binendmnt shall In submitted to
the electors of tho State for adoption or re
jection at the next election of members of
the General Assembly in such manner as
may be provided bylaw; ami if a majority
of electors voting at said election shall vote
for the proposed amendment it shall become
a part of the constitution of the State."
From this you will s.;e that a majority of
those voting at tho election must vuto
for tho amendment, or it will bo
defeated. Every voter voting, fuiling to
vote on the subject, will bo a vote against
It. Tho papers throughout tho State, how
ever, aro taking this subject up, and in that
way tho peoplo will get to understand it,
and, when they do, tho amendment will
pass beyond qiestion. A dufeat at tho
coming election will bo tho cause of great
damages to farming interests in many parti
of the State. As before stated, amend
ments to the same article cannot be propose!
oftener tlion onco In four years It fluff
proposition should be lost, no other
amendment on the subject can lw proponed
until 1881, aud cannot bo voted upon until
1883, with everything in our favor and
without opposition. In tho mean time, a
real or supposed necessity for other amend
ments may arise, and as amendments to but
one article can be proposed, at the," same
session, and as this one will have had iU
day iu court, tho re-ult will be its defeat
for many years to come, if not for .
all time. The parties interested will
havo become disheartened and the worka
constructed will havegnno to decay for the
want of proper repairs. Tho legislation on
tho subject will not be difficult. Before tho
decision of the Supreme Court in 1 870, we
supixised wo had substantially tho legis
lation that will be needed in the event of
the adoption of tho amendment. The legis
lation should not be voluminous; should
lie simple in diameter and easy of execu
tion. We supposed our constitution was
sufficient, and that the legUlatlon, of
would, w ith an oeoHlwd ftmendment, bo
all we would tu4 toenaUle us to reclaim
our swa, and overflowed lands and drain
our Hii ones. In other wopl if the"
amendmcfllj should bo adopted our consti
tution will be yliat we supposed it was on
this subject of oVains, and if the act of 1871
should be re-enacted the statute will !9 ht
fact what to supposed it was, and with
some additional amendments, will answer
the purpose and meet the public demamif
As before Stated, the fear is that the interi
or counties will be indifferent on the subject,
and that as a consequence there will
be a default against us. Sec. 3 of the act
of 187 (amendments to constitution -
provides that the several county clerks sllttll
send out with the election notices, required
by section 40 of the election laws . notice
that tho ninvudiueut will be submitted to a
Vote of llw piilc' which notice shall set
forth in full tiid proposed amendment.
There is danger that this will be overlooked
by some of the clerks, and hence I invite
your attention to it. In conclusion allow
me to add, that the whole case can be stated
in a word. All our legislation on tho sub
ject has been declared unconstitutional.
The lands to be reclaimed in round num
bers amount to 1,800,000 acres. They are
worth over $12,000,000 and will bo worth
when reclaimed $52,000,000, an increase
of ! 10,000,000 over their present value.
These lands cannot bo reclaimed except by
the adoption of the proposed amendment.
Shall it lie done? Yours truly,
A. C. Matthews.
Skuve an In.icnttiox (n Diseask, By
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a debilitated physique, and enriching a thin
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kidneys and bladder. Not only does it ar
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safeguard against them to persons who have
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but would be liable to incur them if medic
i!'.:!!y ;i,i;.rv,.,.'C,'.M.l, It eliminates from th
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causes of those agonizing complaints rheu
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Notice is hereby given that the garbage
wagon will remove daily (excepting Sun
days), from the front of all houses, all vege
tables ami dry kitchen offal of every de
scription, provided the same is placed in
boxes or barrels and placed in couveuient
locations iu front of said houses.
J. B. Pnn.i.m,City Clerk.
Cairo, III., August I), 1878.
The Greatest Blessino. A simple,
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LKTTIK COLKMAN'S LAUNDRY.
Mm. Lettio Coleman, who has her
laundry tin Fourth street, between Wash
ington ami Commercial avenue, take
this method of informing her old frienda
and patrons that she is at their ser
vices, and solicits their patronage. . Sho
has reduced prices to suit the times.
( . '''''VV; '