Newspaper Page Text
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 25, 1B73.
NEW SE1UES-NO. 98
f J J T
THE SCOUKGK STILL SWEEPING
OVLH THE SOUTIIKItN CITIES.
MKMI'lltA PKOI't.K AM, ADVISKO TO I.KAY K
I'HK t'l'IV--VoltTY-KIVK NKW CASKS AMI
Mi.Mfiii.-. An.'. .';(. Tli weather i
bright, witncoo; lir. -z counteracting tin;
I'hV'i ts nf th ; blazing sunshine. Ye t t)wt;
is very little in the brinl of health reports
for tli': last 1 !i istr-i t encourage hope be
yond tin' r' jM.-tt l.y tlii' physicians tliut
proportion of den'h to tin; number of new
case is gradually h ning. Tin board of
henith this in ,r::iii.' il 'durcd yellow fever
eii'J"U an I ii 'vi- 'I every man. woman
liliil e.ii'.l. whit; ii!il black, to leave the
t'ty i.t '.ee.
, Am -e.ig th'.! 'I ml of to-day i.s Mr. J"hn A.
It. Us';. member of the Ti-nuesscc legislature,
whi) was one nf the moot active worker on
tic-citizens relief committee during the cpi-
ilelnic nf 10:1, lill'l who begun Work ill
earnest on the miiiu committee when the
fever or ke out here Inst Week. Mr. KoihIi
Was well ami hearty W dn sday evening,
was seized with the malady yesterday ami
ilieil ai i ut in ion today.
(i 'i. W. .1. Smith, eX-tllenili T of emigres
from till 1 1 t rift, who went to Grenada mi
the lir-t outbreak nf the fever there, was
sent l e i; to Memphis sick last night. Hi
physician, however, n nirts him prostrated
from ov.-r-work and exhaustion, H': is do
ing well tin's evening.
S i many port., on the Arkansas ami
White rivers hiving ijuar inlincd against
Metii!ii, all the packets running up tho
rivo li:!'.'" laid up, and it is Mid today
that tin- St. Louis packets will stop ut'tcr
in Xt Til lav from the same cause.
r. 'i. Tic hoard of Icilth ri-rt-. 4;
Hew c; and 11 d -u'hs from f.ver ill the
p it V. 1 hours. Name, of the d-ad :
.1 'h;i A. Jtniish, :i'e I 4 I y ar.
M i.-L'ie JSirLT- r, 'J'i years.
.1 ih:i ('. Forbes, .'14 years.
K. .1. Hill, 43 vers.
Andy Dniilun, 4'i years.
Eiiiinoii" M-'lealf, 40 year s.
Frank hnle, 4 I. Years.
Mr. E. Hill. 40 years.
Ai;'.i-t Anderson, ;jo years.
Isaac vines, fifty.
Tie I - are six deaths from other causes
u!vi r ported.
Ir. Muralde mid Fiayscr. both of whom
have 1,1 ) very successful in the trea'iiicnt
of tie- d:-e:i.. nr.- reported to-night to have
succumb d to t.ie discus-. Til ir name
w i.l u;.p-nr in to. morrow' reort. (Jen.
W. J. Mnitii, p-jKirt-'d a doiilitful rii-; yc-t'-rdav.
In developed into yellow fever, hut
is d'-ll ' well.
Aiieac th'- d' aths repotted to day, are
c !l ; -'ntiitive .In, ii 1 1' -u-li ;. in (. . For
! . l"r i : 1 it agent, and laae Isaacs; and
ii:n im' new ci-e are Mr. and Mr". I!.
A. Ho.e'cn At a iii"-::ng "t the hoard
i I le a t.i th! in lining il declared the fever
and ordered a.l wim coii!d do
w- city. T ie M ejnphi : Charle
id ha. oM't.- I tl iii'iott itinij t
to le v. ' r
t in r o'.i
Tic-re is little c'i'i:i'.;e to report t i iri i ? -Th
f v. r add to it vii tini ailuot hourly,
new c.is-s m-cui'iii'.r for the past " hours
li !!:.- 4"i, and d'Mths lo. lrs. Frayser and
M iralile were ta!e doWil to-ni'.'ilt. How
ard and oth-r relief nrir uii.atioii re
port the sjek
loinif well and l.i.uiv of
.-ill','. Ijmilli: to the ia'tioll of
e'alth tiiis inoriiin,' d'-i larini;
the h i ard "I
the I' ver pidemic an 1 iidvisini; all to h'avi:
Who mll.d on so, almllt '.'00 people lett tile
iiifect. d ili-trict tn-dav, ni"t nf tlciu t'oinu'
to Camp .Im- Williams. A I). Liiu;tatV,
vice-pr sideiit. mid .1. H. Smith, s -cretary
of tin; Howard as'iciatinn, requests all
parties desirous nf tn-ikin donations for
the le-n-rit of the hick, to forward direct to
the II. .ward association nf Memphis, re
ceipt nf which will li.' prop, rly noknowl
cd,'ed. The fnllowinif app.-iil is made in
hehalf of the orphans:
T. tint I'.itN.ill " Thrnii.'lneit tliu ('inintv:
Tic ior,rt;e of yellow fever is au'ain
upon Memphis. Many w ill he left nrph ins.
St. I'. ter's asylum in this city is already
nvel-liilidelieii. Suhst.lllti ll syillplltllY is
II lt d. I'icasc S"iid contrihlltioiis to HeV.
J. A. Kelly. St. Peter's church.
NkW Mil. KAN's, Alli(. N W Clisen to-
day, r.'); deaths, 4i. The deaths Include
l:) children nurd from 1 to 7; also 3 n'd
from 11 toll years. Y. A. Woodward,
commander irnuid army of the repuMic,
has succeeded in ornani.ini.' relief com
mittee for the purpose of nursing and car
uvj fnr any cnniriidi's w ho should need their
hervices. The followim; are thecoiniuitteu;
Wm. Wright, A. S. Ridker and I . II. Wright.
I'ontr'hutions have heen solicited from
comrades in other states, and responses so
far ai".' quite encouniiiii,'.
The committee so far have huried four
coninidi's. II. P. Ulaiieliiii'd, formerly state
resist"!' of voters and lately a ciistoin-hoiise
clerk, died hist evening' "f congestion of the
liraiu, snperindui'i'd hy fever, after im ill
liess nf less than 12 hours. lie was huried
ut t'liiillniette to-day. Commissioner W. G.
Lino, III with fever is sllppnsi d to he out of
(lan.'r. O. F. llunsakcr is out airain, T.
V. Cnuplard, lute deputy collector has a
liliht altack of fever. Naval Ollleer L"wis
lias lea n i('iU H'ed hy Collector Smith to
cooperate with him in tin; enforcement of
the lyiiii'Mt smoking mid drinking intiixl
eating ii'piors in the ciistoin-lioHsi1 durini.
workiiiK hours, The follow! i appeal is
made l.y the Youiijj Mi'h'm Christian asso
ciation, Having niyiiiiizi'il Into a relief committee,
shall lie pleased to he made almoners of
cuiiti'il.ut'oiis from ft lends and coiiiinunities
nhroard and our own fellow-citi.ens for the
relief of destitute sick in our city. A
prompt ropons, to thin nppenl will ennhlti
us to render elllclent aid in thin 1 1 m oof
special sickness and destitution.
W. C. ltAYMoxit, TreiHtirer.
This association has now In charge over
thirty cases, On Thursday lilicht they Meiit
out several nurses, and were to-diiy ruculv-
l oTAcir v aw
in npplicntioiiH. Some contriliutiotis of
money linyc come in, and the organization
limy I mi naid to hu thoroiiolily under way.
A dispatch from the mayor of PlaiUe
minetotho Howard Htwotiation Hiiyg; "We
urt nllllcted with the couri,'e of yellow
fever ; new case occiirriiej con.tantly ; our
jihysiciiuiH have more than than they can
do; we are n.ully in need of help; can you
xvnd us an experiencod physician;"
Many families arc found in destitute cir
cumstances, without money or food, with
sonietinieH two or three or more sick. The
iiiiinediute wants of nil nucIi are hiipplied.
The iissociutioii have sent out in this citv
two hundred nurses. They estimate thefr
jiresent cxpens'-s at flOO to fi.OOO per
day. In response, to the call, the Howards
IiiiVl' S"iit out physicians and nuises as fol
lows; Grenada, two physician and fifty
nurse, two dni".dts; Canton, one physi
cian mid four nurse; Summit, two nurses;
I'ort Ends, ten physicians, and six nurse;
I'lnt (iihson, ciht nurses.
'A visit to the rooms of the Howard asso
ciation this evening fniind I'r-sident
Stande'nilf, Secretary Soiithinayil ai.d a
riuinlier of ineinhers of the I'ssocintion on
duty, all (piite httsy utteiidiiii; to upplicu
t'o.isfor telief. Secretary Southniayd sta
dl that iipplicatioiis were iiiitdo to the
association to-day, iiicludint,' many colored
people. Five hundred and fifty applica
tions for relief have been tiiiide to date.
The wcrctary thinks there are aliout eleven
hundred sick represented hy these appli
cations. Iiesidc. this, in response to a cull
from Vickslmr, one jihyiciau and twenty
nurses will hi' sent there to-tnorrow.
A dispatch from Jr. Veasy, at (irenada,
say the fever there in the last few ilnyu has
assumed a milder form.
DliESSKS AT LADY
hrom tlie I.iiiiilnii Wuriil.
I have heen furnished with descriptinns
of some of the most effective; of the ladles'
dreses which were worn on Thursday at
Strawlierry Hill. Lady l!"ctive was attired
in a toilette of vert Ijonteillu with niagnili
Til" l)u -liess of Manchester w ire Mar k,
with a red sash or scarf, diamonds in her
hair, and round her neck her celchrated
Lady Spencer, Lady Castlcreatrji. Lady
Cleineiitiini Mitfiird, Mrs. Keith Fraer,
Mrs. (ieoii;.; Foi'h-s, and Mrs. Henry Weli
ster wen- also in Mack.
Lady 1'ollinr.ton wore iilit Mue, with a
'.'irlaiid of ifohl o-tnch feathers ornamented
w ith lar.T tiiiijUoise.
Mrs. L'uiL'try was in white satin, with a
ifoldcn hris aided ciiiiasse, and with her hair
very iniieli au natun l.
Mr. Fred Marhal! wore white, as did
a'so Mrs. Arthur Kennard. Mrs. Sinoieton
was in Mack, trimin" w ith sprays of ha."l
nuts and diamonds.
M:s. Uonalds appeared in a white Jres.u;
and like Han.e. seemed to have cnierifcd re- j
(--lit iy frol. i a shower nf 'o!d. which, how
ever, ll l'l Hot ilev ell'leil to IHT e(t, IIS It
was retn liked that the heels of her shoes
Were lit' silver.
Lady Charles ili-ie-l'nrd' dr s, which
W;'S nf the color nf a cnll'iM -iTeam-ieo, Was
verv liilii h ndlllired ; a were also tie' dle.es
nf I.ady S)kes, Mrs. H -r'n-rt nf M lekro-s.
and Mi's. Allicrt Sass.mii.
lloW A I1KA KEMAN SAVED A LIFE.
Frnm lie- f'tV'i II. in' !.
(l;ie day lat Week Major 1 1 1 ' - W.icoln-
inif to Ctie i driwinu' n epres train with
the W. II. Van.i.fliui't. Ju-l as he np
pinai hi d mi" nf the small stati ill Ir av
th" foreman nf a s-'ctinu i.' ili.ir la:idinj: side
way in tie: middle nf a pa' iu'er track,
apparently w atching a passing frer.'ht train.
Ihllie quickly tiHit 'd his steam whit!e. le.lt
t'le linie made hy the freight lilU-t have
dr iwned it, for the foreman never stirred.
Kul i" cuitiiiu 'd th" siirnal, whistled for
hrak'-s, and reversed, hut th'1 111 ill stood still
as if in a reverie. The loconcitive. had ap
proached so near that Huhe. could hear the
liriikeiiiasi who stoivl on the top of his train
call out to the trackman an i see him move
his hands despariuv'ly as if h" feared that
he cmild not save ill - man. The express
was runnin!,' at a hiu'h rate of speed mid
could not he stopped ill time, The old cll
oineer was ids nit to shut his eyes to avoid
a sitrht of this manitled victim, when he saw
the lirakeman pull otl'his hat, mil it into a
hall and throw it nt the num. Fortunately
it hit him squarely on the head, and jrivin.
u quick, imekward motion, the trackman
just cleared the rails as the locomotive went
TlIK people of Moscow declare that their
U'le.'lt hell shall licver he pulled down from
its litterinir steeple, where it rciun over
all other church hells in the world. Its
weight is 41:1,72 ioiinds, while the other
famous hells are litrht in comparison: St.
Paul's, London, lM.uoit pounds; Antwerp,
Ul.tHiii; Oxford. K.dtiii; York, 34.0HO;
Montreal, 2!l,(ll)l; Home, 1!I,(I(MI; Ilruires,
2:.(!(M ; Colople, 23.000; Erfurt, :)0.(MI0;
English Houses of Purlianient, .'11.000; Vi
enna, 40.000; Novgorod. (111,000; Pekin, Hill.
000; S"iis, :!4,00ll; Moscow (its second).
141,000. The urcat hell of Moscow is 10,
feet hitfh and (14 feet round; its noise is tre
mendous. Tun Paris Union announces that a vener
nhlo ecclesiastic, of the diocese of Paris, who
had 1 11 marked out for assassination hy
the Commune, is now enquired in foiindintr
n "Mission of Pardons." The greater part
of those nnmestied from Noumea, New Cal
edonia, now principally in Paris, are in a
wretched condition. All their husincss re
lations I icinjj lost, they find themselves lit
erally outcasts, heiniit deprived even of the
prison nourishment. The same clergyman i.s
also co-operaliii; with the Cardinal Arch
hlshop of Paris for the establishment of a
mission for "the orphans of the revolt."
Nin'ii'K to C.miio Siiii'I'Ickk. Until fur
ther not ice no ni'iiv freight of any kind
will he received for transportation hv thu
C. St. L. A: N. o. It. It. Co,, to Aliherville,
Colfeeville, Wit erf.ird Duck Hill, Winona,
Viilden.Wcst l)nriint,Sallin, Kosi'lusks.Good
tnun, llickens, ViiukIuiV. Terry, nor to any
point on V.A: M. It. It. via .lacKson, Miss, or
Meridian, Miss., C, T. ltfDi), Ajfent.
Cairo, Auy;. a Ith.
Mil. DAVID T. LIXE0A3,
THE POLITICAL ISSIT.- Of j
THE . DAY. ."
AT TI'H.NKIl II.U.I,, IX TUB CITY OK CAIIIO
WKDNKSUA Y MOIIT, AlO. 21, 19$.
Questions of freat nuhlic inipnrtutice ar
constantly pressing iqion the citizens of the
Hejinhlic, und cadi r-currin year hiin.'S
new and important ones, hoiiietiiiioj old
ones Hjtime a new shape and call for a re
hctiriii"?. In times of excitement it is not .infre
quent that the people drift away trom fun
damental principles and "rasp at shadows
and coiitiiijfcncics for success or imiii 'diate
Tic icople of this country since liiiiO
Iiuvh heen in one tontiiiuoustate of excite
ment. The presidential campaign of that year
is fresh in the memory of many now living,
while the four jfrcnt actors in that ineinora
h'.c cainpaij;n have all jone into eternal re
tirement. Ahraliam Lincoln was chosen leader of
the ItepuM'u an party, a party tle-n youiiK
and vigorous, comprised chiefly of the free
soil elements of the old Whiif and Demo
cratic parties, nnd in its second contest for
John IJell was chosen as the leader of the
American party, 11 party conirMl mainly
of the remnants of the old Whig party.
Stephen A. Douglas was chosen as the
leader of what may he denomii)at':l the
moderate or conservative Democrats.
Joh C. Brackcnridge was chosen leader of
the ultra pro slavery Democrats.
Each party pronounced a platform of
principles: each avowing strong adherance
to the fundamental principles of repuh
liciin government ami the rights of the
The K.'puhliciin party was ultra free-soil
anti-slavery and Staus rights.
The Douglas wing of the Democratic
party and the American party were inditF r
cut to the questions of free-soil and slavery.
The Hrcrkciiriilgc wing of the Demo
cratic party was ultra pro-slavery, slave
soil and State sovereignty.
The contest of principle lay between
Lincoln and lireckenridge, as after events
Mr. Lincoln was chosen president, and
when iii-iuirurateil on the 4th of March.
lMil, several of the Ilrcckcnridire Staten
had declared for State sovereignty, seceded
and formed a slave republic and denied and
defied the power of the old republic to inter-fer-
with them. S-xm aft t other States
followed, until nil the slave Stat'-s except
IMewnre, Maryland. Kentucky and Mis
souri became members of tin' Southern
Coiil'ed 'racy. Confederate guns were turn
ed upon Fort Sutiit'-r. aie! on Nth of April,
11)1, the gallant Andcisoti was forced to
surrender the hi fort. President Lincoln
call'-d for seventy-five thousand men. and
they r a:ne as hii.;i h id never com., b .fore.
The lightning flash gave forth tic president's
call and th" n-xt train that left th' railroad
s'l.tinii went load -d with brav patriotic
iii"ii for the camps of rendevoiis. D ug
la.. the great lead -r sprang to the front, and
iflc and his follower-- had been indiil'erent
to tin- can:' of fie'ilolu or slavery they
were ii"t indill'i-rent to the ca'Js" of the old
republic. The call was tilled not by lt'p'.d
lii' i!! a'.o:ie, but by tin.' It .publicans. Ileni-i-crats
ii'il Americans. In twenty-four
hours after th- fill of Fort Sumter the
North w is light "! as with a blaz nf tire.
I lie o;d ilag was s.;v:i floating trom aim it
every business place and residence in our
thronged citii s mid from almost every cabin
and cot tag.; in tic country, while trains
moved 011, with brave men. greeted with the
tears and to-sed kisses of th loved ones
that stood by the wayside to cheer them on.
seemed to be riding through forests of flags.
It was the response of the citizens to the
rail of the republic -th" gathering of the
citiz -li soldiers. IJnt while this was going
on at the North tin slave State! were not
less active. The call to anus was as readily
responileil to at till' South IIS 111 tile ortll.
The beach, tin- bar and the pulpit with
one accord i'ndor.'d th" cause of slavery
and applauded th" separation. Tin; intel
ligence, tli wealth and the manhood of the
S nitli indorsed her cause. Their women
ch" red th 'ir brave men with flowers and
kis-es, stripped th ir b'dsof clothing, their
tin ir of c u p -rs to make comfortable, the
camps nf th" confederate soldiers. The
people of the slave States showed as
much earnestness and faith in the cause
of the confedenvy as did the people of the
free States in the c.i:h.; of the old republic.
And while, in my opinion, nt was a mistak
en judgement on the part of the people of
the Smith, it was none the less e invst and
sincer.) on tli" part of the masses that en
gaged in the struggle for its maintenance.
It was 110 longer a contest of reason based
ill 0 1 principles of right. It was an appeal
from reason to courage from the ballot to
the bullet The advocates of slavery and
State sovereignty had been beaten at. the
polls and demanded the wager of battle.
The friends of freedom and States rights
accepted thu challenge and the issuu was
On the one side it was slavery und State
Bovereignty on the other side freedom and
the right of tin; great redublic to maintain
its authority over the rovolted and seceded
I was not, as wonm have supposed, and
many contend, a war against republican 1 11 -stitii'ions.
for the slave St.itcs retained un
sullied their old republican constitutions
nnd formed 11 general government us repub
lican in form us the one from which they
hud seceded, notwithstanding it was built
upon tin1 windy foundation ot slavery.
I need not recount to this audience the
paliciilars of the battles of Hull Hun, IM
inont, Fort Donelson, Hhiloh. Corinth,
Vicxshurg, Gettysburg, Anil tain, the Five
Oaks, Malvern' hiils, Chlckamaugii and
Lookout Mountain, nor tha eries of 011 to
Itichiiiond. It is Htitlleient that Grant
marched through the wilderness and Slier
tuiin marcliud t) th! sen. Leo Hurr.mdcred
to Grant und Johnson nurreud;rud to Slier-
man, and tint confederacy was no more.
The issue w is decided and slavery and State
sovereignty acknowledged supremacy of
the old republic and universal freedom the
right of all men. Neither pen nor tongue
will ever be abln to describe the deeds of
valor of those four' years of terrible war.
It is for tlii occasion, sufficient to say that
it was the contest of brave men on lxith
nidi;, either side would lose by denying the
courage and bravery of the other.
Thu Government curried on the war to
sustain its iiprcmucy over the revolted
States und ultimately for tin; overthrow of
' Th" war being over new and important
pifstioii arose. The status of the late re
volted St.it s was to be determined; how
far could tho-. who had rebelled against
the republic lie trusted in the future, were
questions of great importance. The gov
ernment was in the hand of the He
publican purty. It had the president and
two-thirds majority in both homes of con
grccj. The Democratic party did not
amount to h checking or disturbing clement.
Just ut tl'iU t'uii'; the most fatal blow to
thu future peace and prosperity of the
country was struck. Mr. Lincoln who had
been chosen and inaugurated to a second
term nf the presidency, was assassinated,
and his largo heart and w is" counsel was
lost to the country in the hour of its great
est n 1. It was sad to the whole country.
but it was saddest to the South. If he had
lived to till out his s'-cond term
I;avf adopted a policy just to
country nnd humane to the
States. His wisdom, his
his integritv of character
, he would
boyond question, his strict adherance to
justice and his high sens.! of right would
have placed his acts und motives beyond
criticism. The course of his s 'cond admin
istration was clearly indicated by his s"C
ntid inaugural message. It was embraced
in three words: love, charity, firmness, and
he closed his last inaugural in tins' words:
"With malice tow irds none, with charity
for all, with firmness in the right, us God
gives us to see the right,-let us strive on to
finish the work we are in. to bind up the na
tion's wound, to care for him who shall have
lmriie the battle, for his widow and orphans,
to do all which may achieve and cherish a
just and lasting peace among ourseives and
with all other nations.
Mr. Lincoln had the wisdom to pronounce
what was right, and the firmness to main
tain it. If he had lived to carry out his
purpose thus announced, of justice to the
country nnd humanity to the conquered
Suites, h would to-day be us much loved
at the South as at the 'North.
Vice-president Johnson was inaugurated
president, and, while he was a man of great
mind und large experience, he was regarded
by many us selfish and ambitious. The
fact that he was bom and raised in a slave
State caused distrust of his motives at the
North, und the fact that h had d serte l tin
South and adhered to.hisoften expresscUove
for his country. lot to him tin; respect and
confidence of her people. Acts of his that
would, if promulgated by Mr. Lincoln,
been sustained bv the people, and pro-
j noiiuced just and patriotic, wen; received
I with suspicion and distrust, und attributed
i to S';ltill motives and a desire upon tile
: part of their author to be retnr:i"d by the
I people to the presidency. Hi; was soon en
' gaged in an op mi war with the lt"p'.ib!i";m
j congress. The people sympathized with
j congress, and by unfriendly legislation the
I presidential othYc was degraded almost to a
! sinecure. Constitutional ainendni"iits were
I proposed bv congress nnd mad" condition
precedents to t.ie reorganization ot the
Southern Stat'-s. The constitutional amend
ments v.ere adopted by each of these. States,
and "one by one they were received back
into the Union tliev had left; reorganized
I and readmitted. They hud coinpli 'd with
all the conditions imposed, and upon prin
ciple were entitled to the same rights and
privileges us the loyal States. They were no
longer conquered provinces, but independ
ent States. Universal suffrage had been
guaranteed by the adopiion of the Fifteenth
amendment, and we had every reason to
hope that universal siill'rage would bring
w ith it universal peace and a return to civil
In this we were disappointed, sadly dis
uppointcd. Thu Southern whites who had
been slaveholder nnd fought in the rebel
lion did not take kindly to universal suf
frage. They refused to acquies"e in tin; in
evitable, and many kind oll'"rings from the
North and Northern people were rejected
with haughty pride; many i.'.'"!, indus
trious people who went from the North w ith
good intentions, to make homes in the
South were ostracised und their new homes
made so unpleasant that they were compell
ed to abandon them and return to the
North, The intelligence and wealth of the
South refused font time to partiepute in the
new order of things nnd left the reorganiz
ed States fields for adventurers, and the
adventurers (locked there us crows to the
The adventurers pandered to the preju
dices and excited the fears of the freemen.
They took advantage of their ignorance to
reduce them toaliject political slavery and
the lash of fear produced an obedience un
known to the lush of the overseer.
The freedinen, anxious for elevation and
political preferment as they naturally would
be, were chosen to otliee without regard to
qualillciitioiis, not to s"i-ve themselves or
the people of their States, but to serve more
elf 'ctually their political masters. South
Carolina had a Scott and u Chamberlain;
Louisiana 11 Wniinoulh nnd 11 Kellogg;
Georgia a IhiUock; Alabama n Spencer;
Arkansas a Horsey and other reorganize'il
States their like." They herded the freed
men at the State cupitols and converted the
legislative halls into political slave pens,
and all laws were made at their biddings.
Under the pretext of establishing public
schools ami the building of railways nnd
other improvements these States w, re bur
dened with debts far beyond their resources.
In tn my inst mc the M'Viol fu ids were
stolen. Tim public improvement! not
made, but the public debt was none the less
for ati that, nor did any of the adventurers
become poor on account of the hircnies
upon the school fund or thu failures of the
public improvements, The enrningsof the
iVeeilnieii were honrd"d in Freedimin's sav
ing hanks, the graiuerien ot their new
In thu name of the Itepublican party and
loyalty to the nation, these States were
robbed and plundered us no civilized coun
try ever was before. The ravages of the
war wen; not as devastating us the plunder
ing of the adventurers.
Lord JIarpstings when asked if he was
not ushnied of his plunderings in India,' re
plied, "no, but when I review my opportu
nities, I am only astonished ut my modesty,"
und Hitch might reasonably be the. answer
of the adventurers to-dav. I do not intend
my language to apply to many good men
who have gone South with good intentions
to better their own conditions and make
better the country in which they reside,
but to cross-road politicians nud third-rate
lawyers, who went South to convert them
selves into Governors, U. S. Senators, mem
bers of Congress und otfice holders in
general, nnd whose abilities are signalized
only in their sudden acquirement! of
wealth by oppressing the people they pro
fessed to represent. It is a remarkable fact
that many of those, men have suddenly
growu rich, but none have become noted,
with nil their opMirtuniticn for integrity of
character or statcsiimnshlp. In the senate
chamber and in the hulls of tin; house, at
Washington, they were only felt by their
votes, while ut the exicutive mansion they
Were exceedingly efficient in the distribu
tion of political favors. It soon became
apparent to the intelligence of the South
that it could not rest upon its dignity and
refuse to participate in the alfairs of the
States. Under Grant's cry of "L"t us have
peace," they had no pence. It was easy to
stir tlii- prejudice existing between the
races the former master and the former
slave. The property holders were kept in a
constant state of excitement by exorbitant
and unjust taxation, und the freedmcn were
kept in the beliet that their old masters
were their sworn enemies und determined
nt the earliest opportunity to return them to
slavery. The treedineii felt no security ex
cept when insight of federal bayonets, they
left the farms und plantations and flocked
In great numbers to the military stations.
Hints, murders nnd assassinations were the
natural results of this distrust. They were
frequent in occurrence and shocking to the
sense of all good people. The poor delud
ed freed men were generally the victims und
sutferers. The cause and crime was till
charged upon the native whites, and was
generally believed in the Northern States,
and used us political cupitul everywhere, by
the It .publicans, until the appearance of
th" Foster-Phelps committee at New Or
leans. The report of that committee show
ed conclusively that the causes and crimes
were not all upon one side, and serious
doubts were expressed as to the le
gality of the Kellogg government
and it was strongly intimated that
ir was the government of the returning
board and not of the people. The extent
of the riots, the causes that led to th-in,
had b .en greatly exaggerated and falsely re
ported. The report of this coiumitt r was
received ut the north with astonishment
and surpris". It showed to the people the
character of the adventurers in Louisiana.
It placed the Itepublicati party at great dis
advantage. The Hepublican congress was
dissatisfied with the report, and Mr. H'heci
er, the present vice-president, was placed
at the head of the compromise coiumitt u
and sent to New Orleans to make pea.-e be
tween the people and the adventurers.
Wheeler and his commi'tee met in New
Orleans, organized and patched up a peace
und mad" 11 report that continued in the
main th" report of the Fotcr-Piiclpf com
mittee. Tiie Hepublican party shrugged
at the facts stated in tlie; reports, but
coui. I not deny the authority. The people
of the Southern States by determined and
persistant ell'iirts have regained possession
nf their State governments, and wh it has
been the result.' As the Democrat have
! come into power the financial condition of
the Statu has been improved. The indus
tries of the people revived, the ben tits of
the free school extended, taxation lighten
ed, and peace, confidence and good order
restored to all eluses no more riois und
no more use for federal bayonets iii any of
the Southern States. The sacrifice of life
and property recently has not been in the
South, but at the North, und since Wade
Hampton was iniiiigerated in Soul li Caro
lina, and Nicholls in Louisiana, the federal
bayonets have only been used to suppress
labor riots at tin; North and to tight In
dians on the frontier; but I shall have more
to say nf the labor riots of the North furth
I have stated tint the R-puMiean parly
was ultra free soil anti-slavery and Slates
right. I need not bring proof that it was
ultra freesoil nnti-slavery for that is con
ceded; hut that it was it States right party
ninny now deny. It his of hit ' yens be
come fnshionuble to assume that the advo
cacy of States rights is treason to the na
tion. We have almost forgotten that wo
have State government, and such 11s we
haveare only in existence for Hie benefit of
tin; national government at Washington,
mere dependencies, I;' one asserts that
the national government is encroaching up
on the rights of the States, the author of
such all assertion becomes 1111 object of sti
picion ami distrust. This was not the case
in the early days of the U 'publican party,
110 party in the country was more ultra
States rights than the I'ti'puMicaii party.
It was composed in the beginnim.', us I
have stated, of the free soil elements of old
Whig and Democratic parties. It claimed
iidhcnince to the doctrines of goveinuiei.t
as pronounced by Jcll'erson, The It 'publi
cans of Huston in I S3!) celebrated the
birthpl of Thomas Jell'ersoii. Mr. Lin
coln was invited to be present. He was tin
ubl to utteiid, but wrote u letter In which
he used this language" of Greeley's:
,i remember being once amused
at m 'cing two partially inloxic ited men en
gaged in a light with their great coats
on, which light after a long and rather
harmless contest, ended in each having
fought hiins"lf oiit.of his own coat und into
that of the other. If tli -two leading pur
tics of this day are reallv liidciitieul with
the two in theiiays ct Jell' M'son and Ad iins,
they have perform 'd the sanie us the two
drunken men. Hut soberly It is now no
child' iiluy to save the principle of Jef
ferson I10111 total overthrow in this nation."
The llrst free soil eoirvnlion wn held in
I xi , and Martin Van Jlureu, an old Ji'tf'r
soiiliin Democrat, was nominated for the
presidency. The H'cond fi'"C soil eonven.
tioii was held in 183'.', und John I, Halo w.-.i
nominated as it cainlidato for the presi
deny. I ft platform was of the most pro
nounced Stntes' rights.
I read from section three:
"Thnt the federal government is ono of
limited powers, derived solely from the con
stitution, and tlie grunts of power therein
ought to be strictly construed by all the de
partment and agent, of the government,
and it is inc.xMilii;iit and dangerous to ex
ercise doubtful constitutional iowcrs."
The Republican party was regularly or
ganized a a national party in lHo.(,uul
John C. Freemont was chosen us its candi
date. Its second national convention w;w
held lSUO, and Abraham Lincoln was chos
en us its ciindidate. Its platform pro
nounced the most ultra States' rights doc
trine. I read from its fourth plank:
"That the miiintcnanci! inviolate of the
rights of the States, and 'especially the
right of each state to order und control it
domestic institutions according to its own
judgement exclusively, h essential tr th;
balance of powers on which the pel Cecfitm
and endurance of our own political fabric
depends; and we denounce the lawless in
vasion by armed force of the soil of any
State or territory, no matter und t what
pretext as among the gravest of crime."
Need I present further evidence in proof
of thu proposition that the Hepnblican par
ty was ultra S'ates' rights.' I might multi
ply evidence, but the character of the evi
dence otl'ered makes the, proof conclusive, .
nnd now that the fact is established, may
we not inquire whether the Hepublican
party has adl'.cred to the doctrines of it
founders. Thciloctriuc of States' rights ia
one ol the old questions thnt ut this day
demand. 11 rehearing. In the excitement
of tiie last fifteen years, it has been almost
entirely lost sight of. Yet it is us essential
to the balance of powers between national
and State government to-day as it ever
was. equally us essential as it wus in 18(50,
und now let me nsk tin; question, has thu
It 'publican purty since the close of the war
adhered to the doctrine of the party, or ha
it departed from iti When the Southern
States were reogunized and readmitted into
the Union of States, they were admitted
without limitation, were entitled to all thu
rights of orginiai States. The general
government had no more right to infringe;
upon the rights of one of thoso State than
upon the right of any of the Northern
State. The president had no more jxiwer
to quarter troops uion Louisiana, South
Carolina or Florida than upon Massachu
setts or Vermont. In Imisiana a United
States judge at midnight issued an order
declaring what the judge deemed the right
ful State government, and the pernicious
and w illful Usurpation of the rights of the
peoples' State was sustained by federal bay
onet. The legislature of the State was or
ganized by United States troops. The
members elected by the people of the Stiitts
were compelled to exhibit their credentials
to an orderly sergeant of the regular army.
In the language of the Republican platform
of 18(10, was this not among the gravest of
crimes.' Iu time of iciM;ethe United Stit
government bus no right to quarter troop
upon any States, except by the consent of
the Slat" and then -only in times of riot
and civil commotion beyond .the control of
the State, and in accordance with the pro
visions of the federal constitution. Vet
these safeguards of the States nnd rights of
the people have been disregarded, and fed
eral troops quartered upon independent
States in violation of the constitution. The
quartering of troops in Louisiana, Flori
da and South Carolina berorethe elections
and the strengthening of the iinni"
there after the electioiis.to procure und fore.'!
a false count ot votes for presidential elec
tors wus a crime that knows no parallel in
the history of republican government, and
no republican government has long surviv
ed the use of bayonets in times of peace.
Monarchies d "pends upon their amuis,
republic upon their people, and this re
public will not long survive awithdralal
of coulldcnce from the people and a trust
in the regular iirmy. These things must
b; changed. and thank God, they are chang
ing. The people are forcing a recognition
of the people. They are determined that
the civil authority shall be suptvinu to the
military in time of pence.
The withdrawal of the troop from the
South has brought p Mice to her people.
Their home are quite and their fields aro
cultivated; they are far more quiet to-day
than some of the Northern States, even
more quiet than the District of Columbia.
No congressional committee to-day, sit in
the South to ascertain the cause of dis
turbance there, while one sits in New Yoik
to inquire into the cause of the disturbance
among the laboring (iuses iu tlie North.
The labor question is one of great mag
nitude iu this country. It is one of tiie
questions that is pressing for a hearing
in this campaign. Thousands upon
thoiisiinds of laborers are out
of employment. They are at our dixirs
begging for employment, begging for some
thing to eat, begging for something to 'ide
their nakedness. We see them upon thn
highways und byways bare-headed and
barefooted. The tramp, us ho is ignomi
iiously culled, is in every community. ..Tint
army of tramps, n they are deservedly de
nominated, ure marching in every direct! Jn;
now here is a fact and what is its cause?
It is a well settled principle in phiosophy
that there cannot Im an effect without a
cause. Up to s7; the tramps were un
known a a class. Who are they and where
do they come from .' Does any mine man
believe that they ure trumps from choice.
There hns been sonii' sudden convul
sion in society that has cast them us
scourge upon the people; live years ago
they were unknown. At that 'time thn
Northern Pacific ruilmud failed, and other
railroad enterprises failed, the workshop,
foundries and rolling mills failed; the iron
and coal mines failed, and these men that
are to-day culled tramp are the laltorcnt
from these railroads; the mechanic from
tin; closed workshops; miners from the
c med mines of the country. These aro t!n
fountains that have forced those tramp-
upon the country.. These men, In my opin
ion, are not us many supiose, vagaDona ot
th lr own choice. Five years ago many of
them were honest lalmrers, industrious
in"chntiic and delving miners. Thu crisis
of ItTJ was not, us many liavu Hitpims."!, a
111 n 'V crisis, It was a labor crisis, Hint thu
hard 'time, of to-day aru not o much for