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THE DAILY CAIRO BULLETIN: WEDNESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 4, 1878.
THE DAILY BULLETIN.
rVKIlT MOUMStf (MOMUYt ML'SITED).
OfU : Bulletin HulMmi:, WadiliiKtmi Avenue
Hubiortptlou 11 u t e :
laily (delivered by carricM per wcik -3
H mall (in nUvauioy ouc year
Three month. f '
Hr moll (In attviiuce) out! yeur S J
blx moutlis 1 'Vl
Three miinlh , i,,
Tu cluU of leu unit iivit ii-T cup.vt. . w
I'limiSc tu all caw I'n imia.
daily. . .
Flint ln.irllon. per Kiutirv 1 "
Huhm-iim-nt lii.crtltn.. ht iunf
For oi.f week, per itturr J '
For two week, per npuin; J jjjj
For three wi-ck .
For oue nuiiith 1 ...
JCuch adililiouul tiiiire w
yirntln.crtlon. per Mtiare 5 1 "
Kk'ht lime of mild iirmpan-ll roll' tltuto a wjnare.
lliMiiuyi-d Hdvi-rtU. riui.t will he. (-biir-d mml
Ini! to the -pace- occupied, al alxtve rr.H-thcru he
ll,; mrlve line or mild type to tin- Inch.
Ton-ifiilaradvi-rtl- otf.-r mpt-rior induce-Mi-iiti'.l.otliiiMo
mint of chartfe. aud nwuuer of
difplavliif tli-lr favors. .
Local not loo. t etv cent p.;r lino for AM Irer
tlou; uutoulK porliuoforoaob ulioquonl luer-
'"'"'inmmilcatloni' upon mibjwla of funeral tntcrct
to tho puliiic nr- at all tlmcf acceptable. Kcjcilcd
niaiiuH'rit.ti1 will i;oi be returned.
Uu-rt ii ml fommiiiiii-ations should be (ddnwK-d
'Cairo liullitiii. Cairo. Illtntd.."
JSU U.OHEltLY. General Mnngfr.
OFFICIAL PAPER CF THE C ITY AND COVNTY.
Only Morning Daily in Southern Illinois
Thog. Xally, Editor.
jJemcKTutio X ommtttioni.
FOR fTATK THFASCHItn.
EDWARD L. CKUNK1UTE, of Stephenson.
MR (l-prtllSTPNI.KNT nf rCBI.ir INSTIirCTlOX,
KAMI EL, M. ETTElt, of McLean,
fort CLIIK OF THE (l'1-RCME COY BY, Ktll'TlllinS GRAND
JACOD O. CHANCE, of Marlon.
IMR CLEUK 01" THE ArTELLAYE TOl'ltT, IlltTHEIlN
OKAS II IllVlMiiN.
. JOHN Q. HARM AX. of Alexander.
TOR CONUIESS-KI'IIITEENTII COSt;lirlltSALllITBIlT
W. J. AI.1.EX. of Jaoknon.
TOR MrilMESTATlVEH FIFTIETH PENAWRIAl !)!
T. W. II A I.I.I DAY, of Alexander.
T. T. liOlllStfOX. of Jack.ou.
HON. WILLIAM J. ALLEN.
Oolciinla, rope county, Friday. September.
t:ay Minos, Pope county, Saturday. September 7.
Columbus Fop comity, Monday September Mtu
Amite Church (irovo, one and a half mile. Imok
of Buy City, Tuesday. Scptcnilitr Mb.
V'liioiivlllo, Matwic couuty, Wednesday, Septem
ber Utli, at 1 o'clock.
Union School HotiFC Man-ac county, Wi-dues-day,
September 11th. at "o'clock p. m.
Joppa, Miimuc couuty, Friday. September 13tli. at
Metropolis Miuac county, Suturday, September
14: Ii, at 1 o'clock.
New Columblii. MamraccotiKty, Monday, Septem
ber Kith, ill 1 o'clock.
MI!. OllEHLY'S AI'I'OIXTMENTS,
The lb tiiocrutio l'oiureional conimltti-c-tonipo
Tarlly withdraw the appolntmonti' of Mr. Joliti II.
Oborly. In coiifoiiucnro of tilcknrca and death In
Ihetinilly of that Koiitletiiau. and Ul coiin-qm-nt
ni-ci(Kary absence from liomo with hl family. Ho
t ill epenk at . Marlon. ('urboiiduU-. Dutjuoln and
Cluster in Oi tuber IIIh appointment at thofc
plar i-H ulr.-ady publUh' d will be lllled by Hon 1). T.
l.ltlej-'ir and other able Democratic pr-akerf.
WILLIAM II. (.IiEEX,
I'halrmaii Deinocriitlo Cuiin-ht-loiial Coin.
Now ili:it tin- Ij.iiikrujit law lias censed
t lie of ft live, stun? of the most intelligent
uli.teivt t preilii t ;i speixlly revival of lmsi
ncfip iixiu an einluiititt basis.
TiiF.itElieinj,' no nu'ricultunil society in
Alexiiniler county, the county conimissioncrs
on Mtiinlity lust appointed Messrs. John Q.
Hitriiutn, Orsanius Greenly nml TIioihhs J.
WciClnre ilfli ates from this county to the
htiile fair to he held ut Freeport on the
Tiikiik was it iniiiitnful gatlierin-f at the
SSt. Charles hotel yesterday. The Congres
sional Hepulilican eoinniittec of the district
met there to exchange lamentations over
tin' gloomy outlook for their candidate. It
m-iih a siid spectuelo to see ei'ht representa
tive htalwart.A file into the rotunda after
the nieetin with visa-res that plainly be
tokened the funereal character of their pro
ceedings, The State Gii.et e says:
The Cairo iliilletln talk af tliotiiili ltn editor had
lii'i-n a coldler. Which oide wan lit! our Did he
Maud chonlder tu shoulder with ('apt. Thomiia, or
wan he in Unit iiriny which W. .1 . Allt u hacked up by
hll Tilloa Ill collreni?
The editor of The Ui'li.kti.n did neither.
Like the inili'ary editor of the Gazette, he
htmddled the army question and maintuined
u ririd (Hiatiiiitine against the elfortH of
both bidfH to impress him. Uiiliko the
military editor of the Gazette, however, he
could not seek the protectiui; rcfjis of a
petticoat when the draft was uhroiid in the
hind, lie was compelled to pUy u lone
jiih i.ti.i.KitN wish- to state once for
nil for the benefit of the State Gazette, nnd
those who join 'm with it in unwarranted
ubiiHo of Judoe Allen, that Judge Allen's
vote in congress during tl,(. war is to it a
matter of indiirerencc. Wo see through
their game, and decline to bt. draw,, lt jt
and away from the real issues of tjH
test. At SprintHold you urn r..,t u..t....
one tithe of the mean, slainli roth things
that your fellows are circulating down here
nUut the Judge. The people kuow them
to be falsehoodi) nml wo Can waste neither
time nor powder on such game, Judge
Allen is with the people on the subjects In
which they are most Interested, and they
care nothing for what he did or did not llf
iixn years ngo. lie Is sound to the core on
living issues, nml The Bi'ixetix unretwrr
cilly oml iinciuivx'nlly cmlorses liim on
Jilt. John Uauton was in the city yester
day in nttendaneo upon tho Republican
(Jongresslojml meetiii";. Jlr. Iiarton bus as
sumed control of the Carbondale Free
Press, nnd will convert it into
a inoutli-pieco of Radicalism. AVo sym
pnthizc with the constant reuders .of that
puper if there be any such, in the political
utnzo which must envelop them. Of late
it lias been like the Cairo Inmrd of health
everything by turns nnd nothing long.
Of course John w ill make it a good advocate
of a bud cause, but us the cause is beyond sal
vation, we cannot find it iuour hearts to be
grudge it an additional mourner. In u pecu
niary genso the Free Press has our best
wishes for success,
Theke are colonels nnd colonels colo
nels who worthily wear their titles legiti
mately won. For this small, but eminently
respectable class, The Bi'I.i.etis has all
proper respect. But there is another class
of colonels; and every community in the
country is afflicted with them. They assume
their titles as a reward for glibness of
tongue and for the facility with which they
have fought, and still continue to fight, the
battles of the late war on paper. They are
the distinguished colonels of the pen
brigade. They are of the class of fellows
that during the war patted the bravo men
on the back who went to the front and
stood ready to sacrifice evcrylxxly and
everything save themselves aud their world
ly effects for the glorious cause. They
shrunk behind the petticoats which
stood between them and the
service they owed their country, and
in that safe entrenchment discharged their
pop-guns of abuse upon thoir betters. War
had no terrors for them. They knew noth
ing of iti realities and hence they continue
to mimic it. The valiant colonel who runs
the State Gazette at Springfield is a con
spicuous representative of this class of war
riors. He wants the oid fight fought over.
He shrieks "traitor"' at the sight of a Dem
ocrat, while his own services are at the bid
ding jf a party that has betrayed the people,
and is the tool of eveiy privileged in
terest of the country. The col
onel should pause. "War is
not his game. During all his
life he has been a total strang'Tto it except
as he thundered forth his fiats through the
columns of Hn obscure weekly from a safe
retreat where even the echoes of wur were not
heard. Criticism of the military record of
anybody at his hands dwindles into broad
burlesque. But wc know that beneath the
armor he has donned there beats
n tender heart. He should remember that
Judge Allen, like himself, was a civilian,
but unlike himself, wears no military
badge or title. He should be fair, there
fore, with Judge Allen, The colonel
surely has not forgotten that beneath the
sway of men entirely great the p -n is
mightier than the sword. In tho entirety
of his greatness let him abandon the sword.
It is not in his line. That shoemaker
thrives best who sticks to his last. Colonel,
direct your pen in the channels of peace.
Ji'ixiE Allen, in the conduct of his can
vass, presents a pleasing contrast to the or
gans of Republican opinion in this district
and state. In all of his discussions he
beurs himself like a gentleman. While he
is maligned and misrepresented by every
Radical penny-a-liner and shouter no un
kind word of individuals ever passes his
lips. Ho discusses candidly nnd fairly the
questions which are before the people hr
settlement. Unlike his Republican oppo
nent, ho neither misrepresents nor con
ceals facts. Nor does he dodge
a single issue. Every man
in tho district knows just how
he stands on the question of the taxation of
government securities. Ho openly de
nounces tho act of a Republican congress
that violated the contract between the peo
ple and tho holders of the 5-20 bonds in tho
interest of tho latter, and he proclaims
himself unreservedly in favor of tho repeal
of that act. lie everywhere declares in his
public utterances that it is the first duty of
congress to abolish the national banks,
and to substitute for their circulation
treasury notes, or greenbacks. Ho thinks
this circulation should bo swelled to one
thousand millions of dollars to meet the
demands of business. Ho believes that tho
coinage of silver should bo as freo and
unlimited us that of gold now is, and
proves that tho resumption act
will work disaster to all interests of tho
country. He gives the reasons for tho faith
that is in him in discussing all these propo
sitions, but nowhere does lie permit him
self to descend to the low ubuse which has
become so conspicuous a feature in tho
tactics of Ids opponents, In arraigning tho
Republican party for its crimes against tho
people.heusesonly the language of righteous
indignation, and backs up every charge
with conclusive proof. Iu ull these things ha
diners from the men who arc going over tho
district and devoting themselves to tho
purpose of abusing him. Down
here tho people understand this.
They know just tho quality of tho Radical
limber in this district. They know that
it is impossible to group together nny ten
counties iu this broad land where tho pick
ing is so poor among thosu w'no assume to
lead Republicans. They have not a man in
the district, from Thomas down, capable of
discussing with force und intelligence any
of tho subjects we have enumerated; and
in this utter absence of ubility wo rind the
truo reason for tho abuse of Judge Allen.
It is much easier for Thomas and the little
organs that pipe for him to shout "traitor!"
"villiun!" and other bloody shirt epithets
than discuss those things with which the
welfare of the people are so intimately in
terwoven. The Republican party in this
canvass is on trial for its misdeeds, nnd no
amount of bawling or villillcntion will
divert the attention of the people from the
real issues. In this tight Judge Allen rep
resents them against the privileged classes
that have found the Republican party
their most ellicicnt tool.
A REMARKABLE TRIAL.
Ill'liKE AND HAKE.
In the early part of the present century
there was great ditlicultv in procuring sub
jects for dissection for the schools of anato
my, in Great Rritaiu nnd Ireland; so much
so that the prices paid for bodies were so
large as to create a class whose special avo
cation was murder, the liodics of the victims
being sold to the teachers of anatomy. This
monstrous tratlic ussumed such proportions
us eveutually to arouso the suspicious of the
authorities, und the arrest nnd trial of the
murderers soon followed. Even ut this late
date contemplation of such horrors is appal
ling. William Burke nnd William Hare, with
their wives or paramours, carried on this
odious business for a long time, the scene
fitheir operations being Edinburgh nnd its
Hare turned '-king's evidence," and was
permitted to go at large.
The following report of the trial of Burke
we ttbridgc from the London Lancet; of
December 27, 1829:
Tho high court of judiciary, at Edin
burgh, proceeded on Wednesday to the trial
ot William Burke and Helen McDougal,
indicted for murder. No trial that has
taken place for u number of years passed
has excited such an unusual and intense in
terest; the court-room being crowded from
un early hour before daylight.
The judges present were Lord Justice
Clerk, Lord Pitmilly, Lord Meadowbank
and Lord Mackenzie.
The indictment charged the prisoners
with murder. The first count charged
Burke with the murder of Mary Patersoii,
alias Mitchell. It then went on to charge
him. that by throwing her down, und cover
ing her nose and mouth by his body or per
son, and forcibly compressing her throat
with his hands, thus preventing her from
breathing, did suffocate or strangle her; ami
this indictment charged him with so doing
w ith the wicked aforethought intent of dis
posing of or selling the body to a physician
or surgeon. The second count charged
Burke with having attacked and assaultetl
James Wilson, commonly called "Daft
Jamie," by leaping or throwing himself up
on him, when the said James Wilson was
lying in n house in Tanner's Close, and that
he having sprang up, Burke did struggle
with him, and did bring him to the ground,
and by laying his body or person across
Wilson's face, and by compressing his
mouth, nose and throat, did suffocate and
strangle him in the same manner that he
murdered Mary Puteison, und for the saint
purpose. The other counts charged Burke and
Helen McDougal with having murdered
Mary Goosecall, Duflie, Campbell and
Docherty in the same manner and for the
purpose of disposing of their bodies for dis
section. Burke und McDougal pleaded not guilty.
After a short recess for consultation, the
judges delivered their opinion seriatim, to
the effect that the public prosecutor should
select out of the various acts of murder the
one on which he would go to trial; and
with the understanding that if he failed, the
defense was not to complain if he was again
tried under another.
The lord advocate said he should procrcd
upon the charge of murdering Compbell, so
that both prisoners could be tried ut the one
The first witness, Mary Stewart, proved
having seen Margery Campbell ut Edin
burgh in October last, and she said she
came from Glasgow to look after her son.
She afterwards saw her dead body at the
police office; she was between forty and fifty
Charles McLean gave similar testimony.
William Noble, shopman, said that on
the 31st of last October the woman who
gave her name us Margery Campbell, enmo
to the shop asking charity; Burke was in
the shop, und hearing her name, said she
was some relation of his mother's and took
tho woman away with him, saying ho would
give her some breakfast. On the next day
Burke, in company with Hare and the fe
male prisoner, called at his shop and
bought an old tea box.
Annie Conway swore that she lived in the
same house with Burke and McDougal. On
the aist of October she saw Burke enter the
house, with the woman Campbell following
In the afternoon she went into Burke's
apartments and saw the same woman sit
ting by tho firo supping porridge ami milk.
Homo time utter dark the woman appeared
very much intoxicated. Mr. and Mrs. Hani
came in with a bottle of whisky before sup
per, und Hare insisted upon all drinking;
they all partook of tho whisky and were
merry; Hare, thn woman Campbell, nnd
Mrs. McDougal danced. Between ten and
eleven o'clock at night Burke enmo in and
a disturbance arose, us if Burke and Hare
were fighting. Witness then left for her
own room. The next morning witness asked
McDougal what hud become of tho old wo
man, and she replied that she had turned
her out for being noisy. Witness saw a
bundle of straw at tho bottom of the bed: it
had laid there all summer, but appeared to
liavo been recently turned.
Hugh Alston, who lived in the snmo house
w ith Burke, heard n uoiso on the night of
the 81st, and a woman called out "Murder! '
Ho also hoard a noiso of scuttling and strug
gling an I a woman crying "Murder 1" Ho
went away and returned, a second time, aud
heard the men whispering; all being quiet,
lie then went to his own residence.
David Puterson, servant to Dr. Knox,
being sworn, said Burke cume to the house
of Dr. Knox about midnight of the .'ilstof
October, Burke said he wanted to see wit
ness at his own house, and accordingly he
went there with him, After going into the
house, Burke said he hud procured "some,
thing'' for the doctor, and pointed to the
head of a bed where some straw was lying.
Nothing more was shown him, but he un
derstood the "something for the doctor,1
was a dead body. Rare and Burke came
next day to Dr.'Knox's rooms in Surgeon
square. Dr. Knox, Mr. James, his assistant,
and myself were present. Dr. Knox agreed
to give i'S ($40) for tho body; in an hour or
two afterwards a porter nunied McCullough
brought un old tea box containing the body,
which witness had removed at once to the
cellar. Burke und Hare then called and
w itness paid them the price agreed, giving
each of them '4. On next Sunday morning
a lieutenant of police, accompanied by an
officer, called upon him, he went with them
to the cellar, und helped to open the box,
which contained the body of un elderly fe
male, The body had the uppearanceof be
ing strangled or overlaid; the face was very
livid and blood flowed from the mouth. In
answer to interrogations witness said he had
S'-en the man Hare before, und knew that
Dr. Knox had dealings with him for the
procuring of dead bodies; lie ulso had had
previous dealings with Burke.
James Grey and wife were next examin
ed; they said they were acquainted with the
prisoners, and had lodged about five nights
at their house. They recollected the old
woman coming to the house on the night of
the lilst of October an 1 on the following
morning the female prisoner said the had
been imprudent and had been turned out of
doors. They, however, suspected r.ll was
not right, and when Burke and Mc Dougal
left the room they examined the straw at the
head of the bed and found the dead body of
the woman Campbell under it. There was
blood on the lace and about the mouth.
They immediately picked up their clothing
und were quitting the house, when they met
the female prisoner, to whom they mention
ed what they had seen. She told them to
hold their tongues and she would give them
some money. Gray replied : "God forbid
we should make money by murder," and
immediately gave intirination to the police.
William Hare, the confederate of Burke,
who had turned Crown's evidence was next
sworn. He said he had been acquainted
with Burke ulout a year, McDougal then
lived with Burke us his wife. Witness lived
in the Wist Port, not far from Burke, was
in a public, house on the night of the lilst of
October, when Burke asked him to come to
his house to see the "shot" he had for the
doctor. He suid he had taken un old wo
man in from the street, understood by the
word "shot"' they were to murder the wo
man. Witness went with Burke and saw
the old woman washing her pettieout: they
sent for whisky in which they all indulged,
the deceased included: afterwards I'm- a
"blind," witness and Burke coiiiiiuwcd
quarrelling; while they wi re struggling the
old woman ran into the parage and called
out "murder!'' Ellen b Dotig.-d brought
her buck. I then gave her a slight pu-h on
the straw, and she was so drunk she could
not regain her feet : Burke then stood astride
of her, and threw himself upon her so that
his breast covered her face; she gave u cry
and then moaned a little; he then put one
hand upon her nose and mouth, ami the
other under her chin and stopped le-r
breathing. This was continued for about
ten minutes; Burke and witness threw the
body in the corner, and the woman McDou
gal covered it up with straw and then went
to bed. Burke then went out and brought
the doctor's man with him.
Cross-examined by Mr. Cuekburn: Had
been a boatman on the canal : had been con
cerned in furnishing medical lectures with
subjects: had never "raised" (lead bodies;
had ileen wani'-d n.it to answer any ques
tions that would criminate himself. Was
asked how many similar transaction. to this
h had been engaged in.' Declined to an
swer. Was murder committed in bis own
I.MH- in October? Declined to answer.
The witness declined answering many ques
tions nf a similar nature.
'He-jury returned a vrrdict of guilty iu
the case (f Hurke, and not proven in the
case iif the woman McDougal.
The lord chief justice clerk then addressed
the prisoner nearly as follows:
"William Burke, you now stand convicted
of the atrocious murder charged against
you in the indictment, upon evidence w hich
cannot leave a doubt of your guilt. A
crime more atrocious, a more cold-blood,
deliberate murder and the motive so paltry,
is unexampled in tho annals of the country.
It is now my duty to inform you, that with
out the possibility of a doubt, the sentence
I nin uliout to utter will be carried into ef
fect, and I would now solemnly warn you to
prepare your mind in the most suitable
manner, to appear in a very short time be
fore the throne of Almighty God, to answer
for your crimes.
"The only trouble in my- mind is, that
then! is no sentence of punishment in
our country equal to this case; your body
ought to be 'exhibited in chains to bleach
in the sun.
"But, taking into consideration that the
public eye would be disgusted with so dis
mal a spectacle, I am willing to nccede to a
more lenient execution of your sentence,
that your body be publicly dissected. I
trust that, it being sometimes cus
tomary to preserve skeletons, your skeleton
will be preserved, to remind posterity of
your crimes. Tho present charges having
been fully established against you, it is my
duty to inform you that you have but a few
days to live."
His lordship then sentenced flic prisoner
to be publicly bunged at the Tolbooth of
Edinburgh, on tho 2Sth day of January,
nnd his body to be publicly dissected.
The prisoner stood up with unshaken
Amines. Not a muscle of his features was
disturbed during the solemn address of tho
lord chief justice consigning him to judg
ment. The woman McDougal was liberated next
day, as were Hare and his wife.
ilaro afterwards made disclosures that he
had been concerned personally in fourteen
murders, the object of the murder in each
case being the disposal of the body to anat
omists. Burke, previous to his trial, stated in con
versation to those near him that he had
made up his mind for the worst, being cer
tain that he would be convicted,
Ho was hanged at the appointed time
and Ills body dissected in public.
Hare lived to a great age, becoming a
wanderer through tho south of England,
and it Is not many years since he turned up
in a police court in Loudon an old and des
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