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THE DAILY CAIRO BULLETIN: SUNDAY MORNING, MARCH 7, 1830.
THE DAILY BULLETIN,
ENTKKEl) AT TUB POST OFFICE IN CAIRO. 1 1.
LINOIS, A9 SECOND-CLASS MATTER.
OFFICIAL I'APKROF ALKXANDEK COUNTY
Only Mornin? Daily in Southern Illinois
OXE KIOIIT OKLY.
Saturday Evonini?. 3Iarch 13
The yuccn of Enslth Truiedj'-tho World Ke
And bi-r own Superb Dramatic Company, nelurted
by hcrK.il I from tin1 principal tliftor of Amer
ica, in Shukcskeiiro'ii Masterpiece,
Lady Mc M li JAXAUSCHEK
AdmlMionTSccnttp. Uiecrvcd scatsjl. For talc
at P. H:irtman.
SPECIAL LOCAL ITEMS.
At Washington hall on Easter Monday.
General repairing of carriages ami bug
gies. Go to John Major, Tenth street, Cairo,
Will find it to their interest to settle their
taxes at once ami save the penalty of one
percent. Jonx Hodges,
Sheriff anJ Collector.
Ten cents per dozen, at New York Store.
By the day, week, single meal, or with
meals and lodging: day boarders preferred.
Location good, only one block from the
postoff.ce. on Thirteenth street, west of
Washington avenue. Jonx Bkeciikr.
COAL! COAL! !
I am prepared to furnish the citizens of
Cairo with a good quality ot coal at the
lowest rates. Upon leaving orders at the
corner of Tenth and Commercial, it will be
delivered to any part of tho city.
FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD!
Fifty dollars reward will be paid by the
undersigned, tor the recovery of the body
of Fred Whitcamp, who was drowned in
the Mississippi river, several miles above
Cairo, on Sunday, February 32ml. He is
of medium height: wore cantou flannel
underclothes; blue cheviot overshirt; vest
and knit jacket; blue jeans pants, and wore
shoes. Mu. Fked. Whitcamp.
(Memphis and New Orleans papers
please copy one time, and send bill to this
At A. Halley's on Commercial avenue op
posite Seventh street. The largest ami
finest stock to be found in th city. Tin
and hollow ware of all kinds. Fine cut
lery, a large assortment of bird cages,
hooks, lines, rods and reels, ammu
nition, etc. A new supply of the Bissell
carpet swuepers. Garden and farm imple
ments. Flower baskets and hardware of
all kinds. Carpenters' tools. Cooking
stoves, the best in the market. Examine
liis stock" and prices before you buy.
New Elm Market Baskets, at New York
Store, for 5 cents each Cheapest and Best
for family use, buy one.
The Best Phi I ever used," is the fre
quent remark of purchasers of Carter's
Little Liver Piils. When yon have tried
them vou will sav the s ane.
Wanted. Sherman & Co., Marshall.
Mich., want an agent in this county at
once at r salary of $100 per month and
expenses paid. For full particulars ad
dress as abo.e.
Mr. John Major is prepared to turnish
all kinds of new wagons nnd buggies on
credit, on approved paper or very low for
A TkaoedianV Tiiiioat. Edwin Booth,
like mot ot his professional bivthten. suf
fers frequently from severe inflammation of
the throat, winch prevents him occasionally
from appcarn:i.' on the stage. This theatri
cal sore throat is sometimes so serious that
it actuilly drives an actor into private life.
Booth, however, promptly stops the llrt
symptom with Gilc's Liniment Iodide
Gn.n's Pn.i.s cures chills and fever. Sold
by all druggists. Semi for pamphlet. Dr.
Giles. 120 West Broadway. N. Y. Barclay
Bros., Agents, inal size '., cuts.
Mr. John Major h:w mw on hand
lurge lot of farm and spring wagons, log
wagon, one horse, two horse and sulky
plows, Tessicr's best, nnd double and single
harrows. New and second hand buggies
vcrj cheap for cash or approved paper. Go
and see them.
Fhom a Puomink.nt Diuo Horsn. II.
II. Wumer& Co., Rochester, N. Y. Dear
Sir: It is now only threo months since we
received your first shipment of Safe Reme
dies. We have sold drugs in this place for
twenty years, and have never sold a pro
prietary medicine, that given such univer
sal satisfaction as yours, especially your
Safe Kidney and Liver Cure, and Safe Dia
We could mention many who have re
ceived great benefit in cases of kidney dif
ficulties, asthma, rheumatism, diabetes,
Jtrighi'd disease, etc., Respectfully yottrs,
Hisson & Fox, Alexandria Bay, N. Y.
GENERAL LOCAL ITEMS.
Justice Osborn has been ill for several
The Theater Comiquo has one hundred
and sixteen stars on their bills for this
Get the best, always. The best is the
Pho'nix Baking FowJer. Grocers will all
have it to-morrow.
Dr. Petrie will soon take charge of
several of the handsome rooms in the
Alexander County bank building.
Twenty packages of Huston's choicest
butter will be on sale at the popular grocery
house of Pettis & Bird's.
Superintendent Gorman had a gang of
men at work yesterday, leveling Tenth
street, between Washington and Walnut.
-A real old New England dish can be pre
pared by using some of Pettis & Bird's
pickled pork and beans.
By consulting the "church directory"
on the first page, our readers can learn the
time and places where services will lie held
Police news was not to be had for love
yesterday. We tried it and therefore are
enabled to convey this bit of information
Messrs. Tettis & Bird, the Eighth
street grocers, have received a consignment
of line Florida oranges. If you have a taste
for delicious fruit cull ou them.
The Rev. D. A. Bonnnr, rector of the
Church of the Redeemer, and wife, will
will be settled in their new home, on
Washington avenue, above Nineteenth
street, tins weeK.
The usual services will take place in
the German Lutheran church this forenoon
und an English sermon will be preached in
the evening theme: Either a servant of
satan, or a servant of Christ.
We are told that Mr. T. M. Harrtll,
one of our dentists, will suou quit pulling
teeth in this city and will "pull up stakes"
at no distant day. He will settle iu the
northern part of this state.
Wc call the attention of our readers to
the notices of Messrs. Pettis & Bird. They
are enterprising business men who under
stand the wants of the people and the prin
ters and strive hard to supply them.
Tlie lire department, whic has made
several ineffectual attempts to hold a meet
ing in the council chamber, will "try
again" on to-morrow night when it is
hoped that a quorum will be present.
The interesting paper of I. A. M., en
titled, "Do you mean it." was crowded out
to-day, as was also the report of the com
mittees on the Irish relief fund. Both will
appear in our next issue.
Mr. M. Eastcrday nnd wife, and Mr.
H. Leightou, left for Elco yesterday morn
ing, where they will attend the Sunday
school convention. Prot. Jerome, we are
told, will not be present to address the
It is now asserted that Solomon got
the gold used in building the temple, from
Alaska, part of our territory, audit is also
truthfully asserted that the best five cent
cigar in the world is the "Faultless," s nld
by F. Korsmyer, corner Sixth street nnd
Messrs. Smith ifc Brinkmyer, merchant
tailors, have received a large stock of all
kinds ot suitings, broadcloths, etc., and are
prepared to make suits ou short notice at
low prices. Their work always gives satis
faction, their piece goods are the best
brands, and good fits are be guaranteed.
The great tragedienne, Mine. Julian-
schek, supported by Mr. Harry Meredith
and a large company of talented ladies and
gentlemen, will make her appearance in
this citv on next Saturday evening. The
admission will be seventy-five cents, and
one doi:ar tor reserved seats: but this will
be cheerfully paid by our people, since her
company is one wincti is unequalled Oy
any traveling company.
Mr. C. A. Kitchen, who has been in
this city for little over a week, canvassing
for the complete works of Dickens and
Moore, has succeeded iu getting two hun
dred orders iu this city to date. He has
already ordeied the hooks, and will com
mence their delivery to-morrow. Certainly,
no book agent ever met with more success
in this city than did Mr. Kitchen.
Messrs. Pettis oc Bird can make the
grandest and most varied display of fancy
groceries, canned goods and pickets in the
city. No one standing in need of any
thing in the grocery line can afford to ig
nore them. Go and see their numerous
specialties and note their low prices.
The news of the death of Mrs. C.
Ilauny was wafted over the city yesterday
morning and caused many exclamations of
regret and expressions of sympathy from
the lips of her numerous sincere fiiends
Mrs. Runny is a relative of Mr. John Am
trim, and was married to Mr. Hanny iu
ir, wc oeneve. Mie mis lived among tm
ever since, und true to her perfect woman
hood, bIh) has been an ex
emplary "help meet" und mother
Mic uore oravely Mr. Manny recent
reveres, and like a true comforter, light
ened as much as possible the burden ot
his misfortune. She was known by nearly
eveiy one mm ne cuy, as u woman oi rare
qualities, intelligent, noble, gentle, loving
and generous. A woman of the truest type
whose departure may well bo heuntily re
gretted by our entire ccmmunily. Mr
Hanny hns our heartfelt sympathy in his
AT TIIF. planters' house.
F. Peters, Chicago; II. Milton and wife,
Biandville, Ky.s E. Wassiner, St. Louis;
E. W. .Priestley and wife, Metropolis; G. L,
Rankin, Wcsleu, Ky.; T. W. Wilkinson,
Hernando, Miss.: F. Walsh, Columbus,
Ky.; S. Ward, Ironton, 0.; J. A. Walters,
Norris City; Miss Kelley, Paducah; L B.
Hurt, Milwaukee, Wis.; 3. L. Wisuer,
Anna; Phillip Stump, Rising Sun,
0.; I). E. Fisher, Cleveland, 0.;
J. A. M. Gibbs, Thebes; J. T. Busing,
Jackson, Tenn.; J. J. Prewett, Jackson,
Tenn.; Geo. Worthington, St. Louis; Tims.
Beck with, Belmont, Mo.; F. Goldothen,
Cincinnati; W. T. Sherman and wife, San
Francisco, Cal.; W. J. Barnes, Walnut
Ridge, Ark.; L. B. Young, Pulaski. Ills.;
J, H. Talnier, Albany, N. Y.; John B. Jor
don. St. Louis; G. W. West. Mobile, Ala.;
I). Lowry, Grand Ridge, Mo.; W. II.
Adams. Grand Ridge. Mo.; T. E. Hayes,
Dubuque, Iowa; Ed. Wyatt, Red Bud, Ills.
The best investment I ever made, said
Judge R , as ho lightly walked along
to the surprise of his friends, was 50 cents
for Sr. Jacob's Oil, which cured me of
THE FIFTH ANNIVERSARY
OF THE WOMAN'S CLUB AND LI
BRARY ASSOCIATION, AS CELE
BRATED IN THE ROUGH
READY'S ELEGANT HALL
LARliE AUDIENCE HANDSOMELY ENTER
TAINED BY EXCELLENT MUSIC AND A
FEAST OF REASON.
THE VARIED AND INTEKESUNG PROGRAMME
GIVEN IN FULL.
The Woman's Club and Library Associa
tion celebrated their fifth anuiversury at
the Rough and Ready fire company's hull,
lastnigiit. The evening was unfavorable.
The sky was dark and threatening. Rain
had fallen during the day and the streets
and sidewuiks were disgustingly dirty.
More rain fell after supper time; and, iu
short, the weather seemed to be determined
to thwart the designs of the ladies and
gentlemen, who had for some
t:me previous, strained both body
and mind to give our citizens an eveniug
of the most delightful and intellectual en
tertainment. But, nevertheless, people
turned out iu large numbers. From near
and from far they came, in carriages and
on foot. Taey braved the elements, and
the magnificent hall ot the company was
crowded with a fashionable, intelligent
and appreciative an audience as ev.r gath
ered ia this city. The programme, as
everyone ha 1 reason to expect, was excel-
leut, and brought out some fine talent.
The attcatiou of the audience was en
listed at once, and firmly held
throughout the evening. The ex-
excises were opeiied with music by Mrs.
Staiisbury, entitled, "Thou art so near ami
yet so fur," which ws well rendered, and
received many enconiunis. Mrs. p. .v.
Taylor followed with aa "Inaugural Ad-
Iress." It was well written, icplete with
passages of more than ordinary force and
eloquence, und received the hearty approval
of her hearers. We regret that we could
not obtain the manuscript for publication.
Mrs. Wm. Winter rendered "The IJuueh of
Violets" in a really artistic manner, com
pelling the admiration of the
audieme, which seemed to be
carried away by the feeling
she expressed in the music. After this
came the "sentiment by Mrs. Hudson,
which was as follows: "Woman's woik as
varied as ciicuuistances make necessary
and talents fit her to execute. Woman's
right equal compensation with men for
work as well performed." This was re
sponded to by Geo. Fisher in the following
ing pointed and happy effort, which win
Woman's Work. As varied as circum
stances make necessary and her talents lit
her to execute.
Woman's Right. Equal compensation
with men for work of equal excellence.
I can and do heartily endorse thu senti
ment. And having endorsed it 1 might,
perhaps, stop rigid hen.'.
Like the man who had too much con
science to omit prayer on retiring for the
night ami not piety enough to truly pray
did who, therelore pinned a printed
copy of the Lord's prijer to his bedpost,
aim on retiring lor the night would simply
say, "Oil. Lord, them's mv sentiments." So
I might say, "These are my sentiments."
But you expect me to sav more nnd I
will go ou.
Woman a work. As varied as circum
stances make necessary that is the point.
1 minimum rs uiuKe nccessun .
Circumstances make it necessary that
many women iu order to preserve their self
respect and their honor should cam
a livelihood by honest labor, honest toil.
I say then that the avenues open to them,
should be as numerous nnd in varied as
Wc may regret aye we may deplore the
circuiiistunccs.whieh make such a life strug
gle necessary, but we must deal with facts
as they exist. We must deal with practi
cal realities. Wc must take life as wc find
it and do our best iu life's struggle. Loii"
fellow has told Us, ' "
"No niie If n ai'nir"it i,y fate,
N 0 oue n iit'crly (It "olaf".
Hut mime bi iiil.'thoie;!i Htiknoivtj,
)(' solids unto lil own.
'Hi'Kpuiiil-nlf wlili min'eti wines,
Aa niiH inuclicl ii itiUvritm Milno
Ami whl-potK In its mire.-, '
Where h it 1 U.iu Miiynl Ho letie,' "
Now if society wcro rightly com.titutod,
there would ha little need of woman's en
tering the straggle for eisteiice in compe
tition with man.
If society were rightly constituted every
young man who possesses 11 sound mind In a
sound body, would l-o industrious, frugal
and virtuous, n
At the proper time this industrious frugal
ami virtuous young mau would wish to
marry, and would marry. He would not
be compelled to wait long iior to travel fur
to find a heart "responding unto his own."
And so a new family would be organized
that institution ordained of heaven. The
unit of all organized society.
And hero I am reminded of that old New
England minister who suddenly caught tho
idea one bright Mr ml ay morning, that he
ought to marry a certain woman in his con
gregation. So saddling his horse he rodo
over to her house and alighting he went in
and found her that bright Monday morning
over the wash-tub. tjuoth lie: "Betsey it
is the Lord's will that I marry you" Quoth
she: "The Lord's will be done."
And so it was done. A new family was
Now it is the Lord's will that every
young man should be industrious,
frugal and virtuous. It is, undoubtedly,
the Lord's will that all or nearly all indus
trious, frugal and virtuous young men
Now if all young men were such, and all
married, as the sexes are nearly equal in
numbers, it would come about that circum
stances would seldom make it necessary for
woman to enter the struggle tor existence
in competition with man.
So ladies you will perceive that these un
fortunate circumstances, which we nil so
much deplore, are brought about by the
indolence, prodigality and vice of many of
our young men.
An eminent Frenchmen, De Locqueville
I think it was, visiting this country in its
early days, called upon the mother ot
George Washington, and asked her a ques
tion which he expected would require
much time to answer.
He asked: "How did ymi train your
sou to make him such a man?"
She answered: "I taught him the laws
This was the secret. "The law of obe
dience." Obedience to parental authority,
Obedience to the laws of the land. Obed;.
ence to school teachers; to all in authority.
Self-rot: lint, this was wdiat made Wash
ington what he was tit to command. This
is what made Washington what he was-.
This is what our own young men need.
I am sorry to say that thousands of
young men in our land are lazy, Thous
ands are spendthrift. Thousands are ad
dicted to vice. And so when the time
conns tnr them to marry they are not pre
pared for it.
Virtuous young ladies null avoid tnm.
No virtuous young lady should, tor a mo
ment, think of yoking herself unequally to
such a num.
She will prefer rather to "paddle her own
canoe." And all right-thinking peopie
will applaud hei course, will bid her God
All right-thinking p.-ople ought to aid
ami encourage her iu fighting life's battles.
Every avenue which she can properly enter
ought to be opened to her as widely as
possible. She is wonderfully fitted to be a a teach
er. The schools should largely be given
V.'hv should she not be a nhvsician?
Why not a merchant? a clerk: a book
keeper and shall 1 say a firmer?
Ia pure seif-defeiise. to .,ve her self-respect
she should fit htrse'.t to earn an hon
She should do this to save her honor.
She shouid do this to save the necessity of
an ill advised inurniiifi'
Again, woman's right, equal compensa
tion with ni''ii for work of equal excellence.
Why not? I know of no good reason. Ve
say of a man, "he will command iu the
long run, what he is worth."
If lie is worth one hundred dollars per
month he will command it as .-oon as his
worth is known. If he is worth five hun
dred dollars per annum he will command
And why should not a woman commanJ
the true vaiue of her laborf Shccertainiy
ought s to do.
And yet iu a rightly constituted society,
there is a more excellent way.
Suppose that there are in a t wn five
thousand virtu -11-. intelligent young men
Suppose that there are in the same town
five thousand yout.g woiaeu also seeking
employ men t, large;;,- in competition with
the young men.
Now tlie more excellent way is for the
live thousand young men to many the
young women und withdraw them from
tie; labor market. Five thousand new
families will thus be organized, and labor
ers wiil become scarce. Results there
"ill be be a rise 111 wages and these
young men can well support a lamily.
This is the uioie excellent w'ay.
The following cxeell.-nt poem, written by
Miss Mary McUee, was then admirably
read by Miss K. A. Thompson, and was re
ceived with npplause.
When earth was younger and Greece was
And her while sails filled in the summer
Each isie that lay at her garment's hem,
Fitished in the tropical sea, a gem.
Laud of the hero's birth, and pride
Where Sappho loved, and sung and died.
In a clime that is nearer the morning sun,
Another life in its course was run,
And tj leeii Zenobia fair and sweet,
With tho wealth of kings at her royal feet,
Held tho scepter with steady sway,
Where the farthest bounds of her king
We find uncrowned but true as these,
Aspusia, wife of Pericles.
And a sea-girt island long will bless,
The halcyon days of good Queen Bess.
They were golden links in a golden chain
And deep, true notes iu a sweet refrain.
There is one with lovelier form nnd face,
With simpler garb and with truer grace,
The dark hair shading the forehead mild,
Its rich, folds veiling the Holy Child.
Tis a woman's nrn'is that the babe enfold,
'Ere the wise men hasten with gifts and
Last ot the mourners who lingered near,
At the Savior's cross find the Savior's bier,
And the first to bear with joy-winged speed,
The news that "Christ is risen indeed."
Oh woman! thine influence reaches far,
Like beams of light from the morning star.
Where the fountain of knowledge flushes
And the stars nro reflected from out the
As trim ns the knight in his coat of mull,
That wuiidvrcd iu quest of the Holy Grail.
The .Pest iu tho World !
When used according to Directions it produces the most
perfect hot breads, besides possessing all of those essential
qualities in which other powders are lacking.
GEO. E. O'HAKA, Apothecary,
Soli' Proprietor and Mimtifiictiircr, Cairo, Ills.
She searches out treasures, old and new,
As the pearl diver seeks in the waters
What is woman's mission, who can tell
When all that she touches, she doeth well?
What is her kingdom, where her p nver,
Are all of nature's gilts her dower?
It is woman's mission to watch ari l wait,
And dispel the clouds lrom the brow of
It is hers to solace when others chide,
To strengthen the weak end the erring
It is hers to offer the mother's praver.
That foil, iws a child through a life of care,
That lightens the thorny path untrod,
And points the way to ! life with God.
After the reading of the poem, Mr. John
M. Lansden rea l the following very master
ly paper, entitled
THE IMIIl.OsoI'IIY OK lltSToHY.
The importance of tlie study of the past
mu-t be conceded. However much knowl
edge we may acquire, however much wis
dom we riii.y po-.-ess, it wiil all come to
little it will aIi come to nought.if it stands
in the face of the lessons of experier.ee.
Demonstrative reasoning has its own pe
culiar place; but not less satisfactory nor
less mig'hty are the conclusions which past
events lorce into recognition. In toe world
of tmstracti 'U, iu lie w. rid of intellect or
of mind, we may sternly demand to be
shown each link or each sti-p by which we
are to come to the beli.f o! any
given thing; but ia the great practice.!
world of business, of society, (if govern
ment, the teuiiiiligs uf events, the lessons
ot history are
1 the infallible
And while the
relation ot the abstract to ;h,; practical
lllUst l-vc! exist the one iii-iissolublv mu
liected with the othil
gotten that We i'1'leU le
l wiiat the true the
tei'.tio!: to the practical
Take awav trom in a
lt must not be lor
rn what the abstract
rv is bv giving at-
all that he has ac-
quired by ol'S' ivition. and what you have
left woulJ soiree. y be reconiz.-d us a man
at all. In the 111 1:1 of to-d iy we find much
more than the mere man himself. The ob
servations (.if ge-ii"iiiior,s have- almost made
hinimi'ie than hiii.-e.f. In ie-d.vi-ry many
of the truly great t.iings of the- woild have
cune from mi-re obsuv itioi: and while it
t tuere I
. rv :ti .us of
disC'-vercd to ur i".ce many new kingdom
and wonds, which their
stractioas would never
To us tin: observation-
Derieiicesof men should
111 re. y lnenii.l uo
luve' brought to
of men, the ex
be a rich inherit-
mice; for oy what lump are our tewt to be
guided if not by the lump of experience : If
tuereis any othci, let it be brought intou.se
so that we can cease our backward gazing
into the pas; and go f..r.vard iu our ex
ploration of the itiexpioruo'e future, feel
ing that right over where one was dashed
to pieces and another swallowed lip, we
can saii without the fear of danger. But
if in fact, there is no such lump, no mme
than there was an Aladdin's lump, let us
keep in tlie light of the iuinp of tlie pa-', in
the light oft!u;luiup ot history; und then
if we do, indeed, go more slowly we will
certainly go 111010 sute.y This
brings ine to my subject this evening ; the
philosophy of history,
To every thinking mind, or. as one has
expressed it, t- every one who thinks
with a meaning, the iveiits of the
events of the past are a philosophy whose
light shines forward into the future, illum
ining a pathway ovi r which we may walk
if we will. The past and the tutuie meet
and connect in the almost imperceptible
I resent, and like the philosopher's instru
ment which gathers up the scattered ruy
of light f ' r bis various purposes, history
gathers up the scattered events of the past
and i ' s them at our feet as we stand upon
the narrow' hnuminty, and says, look here
tirst and then look forward; look here and
s-e the errors and the failures, the sins nnd
the sull'eringr, and with that preparation go
forward to meet the future with assurance.
Tli Us the past lives in the present. The
acts ofmeii i.rcgr.ivcii upon the historic page,
and the mind (Wights to reflect upon them,
disci. veriug the springs of human conduct
and the true relations of men to the events
which transpired while they lived with
an even ami measured step the mind moves
through the store houses of the past rich 111
lt! untold treasures. It needs not lo hurry;
for the things w hich it comes to seek and to
consider. lire unchangeable, impeiishabh;.
The fire of passion, the hot breath of war,
the t reed of ambition are at an end; the
breath of life has even gone out ami the
giddying whirl ot the world has censed,
and there, before the eye, like the printed
page dropped from the (lying press, lies the
story of all that the world knows of itself.
There it is, the world's history, lying out
stretched like a mighty scroll. There
it is, and busy as life's
work is, it is u part of that
work to study that history. For what are
we here for if not to clean and to gather
and willi the accumulations prepare our
selves to meet the future which in its un
certainty often comes upon us to find that
we have neither oil or lamps with which
to light our way.
But it is asked, what philosophy is there
m history; for history is but an account of
past events? Let me then change my sub
ject and say the philosophy of past events.
It Is still the same. It is the philosophy of
experience; the truest philosophy, the vrise
est philosophy, the best philosophy the
philosophy of history, acquaints us with the
relation to cacli other of the events of which
it gives an account. The philosophic
historian Is not content with a mere narra
tive of events as they occurred. He goes
back of the events, shows us the condition
of the people, of society and the govern
ment, and enables you to see the coming of
the events themselves. Hu deals quite as
much with the causes as with tha effects.
He curries you back, makes you one of the
people, causes you to see and to teel the in
fluence of society, and sometimes to see
and to feel the strong arm of power up 1:1
you; iu a word, he makes you live with him
in the very times about which he writes;
and, most of all, he leaves you in 110 doubt
as to the conclusions to "be drawn or tic
lessons to be learned. The true historian is
a true philosopher. In the first place he
possesses that first of all requisites-, truth
fulness. He believes in fine writing but he
wili not sacrifice fact to diction. He will
not manufacture his facts and then his his
tory out of those facts. He will search long
and diligently , indeed, there will be in
end to his exploration. He wiil go from
country to country, from city to citv.
from library to ' library, wherever he
can obtain an authenticated fact or evi
dence to authenticate a fact, and having
finished that most important part of In
work, lie will not spoil it all by simply string
ing his facts together in chronological order
upo-i the printed pug.', but classifying nnd
arranging, he will show with astonishing
clearness, the relations and mutual depend
ence cf the facts, so that its very complete
ness might, perhaps, r ne a suspicion of i::
The true hi-torian will not stir? out
j to prove preconcieved theories. He hu- no
I theories to prove, lie deals with facts an 1
! fact he gives you, and while he inuvdrvv
conclusions, he h-aves you to be your own
ju Ige as to whether his conclusious'ure fa:ri
drawn from hi- facts.
But turning from the historian to r'.e
philosophy of history again, is it n -t a :
inquiry to ask. wliut'docs the philosophy of
history teach us as a nation? What !--hus
the past for us as a people? Let us n t
regard this matter as one altogether fop ig.i
to ourselves, nor as one . iim-how with
drawn from, or standing above our c tisid
eruthei. L,-t us rather esteem it as a u.attei
ot great practical importance. F..r who
ever thoughtfully looks at our
lined t I
cannot fail to b.
iinpres-ed. not so much
d it is, as witn what it seems de,
h-. Its vast extent, i's almo-t insula
its newness, its mineral, agiiculri
''.her resources, its clinr.tes, p
cis, its i.i :i s of iutcrna! commi;
nicutlo!!, Its JungU ige. its people, its
h.eiit; all tinse present, it is not to
to t-av, a spectacle of
history affords no oandlel.
our reputation for
happily passing awr.v.
1- i( lllg iftVl a-i le, let us
i..r thut tii-re can W In just cau
ri show mg Mr
"iis and t
i 'ill ed be, that we
t the remarkable surroundings of cur j.
te.ci i.s a piopie.
Our idtuvdon, our advantages, cur r: ;
tunities are so evident thai enu::e. ru'
or detail WoUel be quite out of the (
D"i s it not. then, become everv one
draw off his mind for a wh
il:e. tiow -,iel
then, from the liu.-y pursuits of diily lit-,
and to co;isid'. i the country to which le,
belongs, his position in it und his duty t
it: If we cannot do this, where is tha'
pride id' country which has in all ages bet r
regurdel u.s inseparably connected with
true- patriotism; We read frequently :;..
ii-duys that many Americans abroad have a
habit of speaking di-purugitigly of their
country, or I shou.d say of our country: for
I s'ippose they could scarcely claim it a
their own wdiiie at the same time speaking
evil of it. This might be accounted for. if
it were confined entirely to those from one
section of our country: for the events of u
few year- ago did much to cs'rungc many
from nnd embitter them ug tins: the coua
try. Many things have, perhaps, occurred here
at home which sounded by no means p'e a
unt:y to those abroad.
But can it be that it isc-vii spoken of b
cause' those who have gone' abroad have
found things so much more congenial t
their tastes than at home? If s-.. they
should remain, if permitted: their intiv -country
will try and struggle along with
out them. America has alwavs taught the
Our government is, pre-eminently, based
upon a theory. It is in arbitruty atl'ait.
Its distinguishing feature is the participi
tion by nil "in the udniistrution of
public affairs. This participation by
all in the administration of the government
must not only give character to the govern
ment itself, but it has also much to do in
ghing character to those who partic ipate iu
its administration. It cannot be doubted
that tlie more active and direct the partici
pation of the people in the govcrnnictt the
belter it is for them. The part they ate re
quired to take in its maintenance and in its
administration must do much for them a
individuals nnd ns 11 people. A Republi
can form of government has for its corner
stone. the recognized fact of the individual
ity of each person. There are no pa
tricians, there ure no plebeians; there are in
subjects. All are citizens.
In many other forms of government man
is little more than a mere animal, lie is,
perhaps, given the pre-eminence of stand
ing at the head of the animal creation; for
he can produce-more wealth, and then he
can carry a gun nnd can be led to war ami
to battle, and even to death at the cannon's
mouth, for the country which regarded him
only as oae of its beasts of service.
Not so here; for the theory is different.
With us, the man, the citizen, stands first
nnd above all. There, the man, the animal,
tlm beast of service, stands last and nt the
bottom. Here, he is first taken into the
account, he talks himself into account.
There, he is not taken into the account
at all except as a menus to the ends of
those who own him. Here, he is the foun
dation Ptone, the comer stone, tho cnp-stoiic
iu the imposing structure of free govern
ment. Therci he is no part of the stern,
frowning structuro of absolute power and
COKTISCED OS TUIKD TACIi.