Newspaper Page Text
THE 1MIL1 CAUvO liULLhlliS: aUAUAi iWJUMAd, AlAUUl t, lgj).
THE DAILY BULLETIN.
jentkk;:u at thk 1'ost ofkick is c.uno. IL
LINOIS, AS PKOOND-CLASS MATTKH.
OmC'IAL J'AI'KHOK ALKXANDEli COUNTY.
Only Mominsr Daily in Southern Illinois.
OXK NIOHT ONI.V.
Saturday Evening, March 13
Tbeijiiccnof EnclwhTroiiMy-theWorlil He
no iv uc J
And her ow n Su-rl Draneitic Company, fflocli'il
bv liiTHi'lffnim llio principal tlieim-M i)f Amer
ica, In shuktuki'iiri'' Mmtrpivci)i
Adml?lim ccv.U. Iicsmed ialf$1. Formic
at I). Ilurlmati'v.
SPECIAL LOCAL ITEMS.
At Washington hall on Easter Monday.
General ropairinss of carriagc-9 and bug
gies. Go to John Major. Tenth street, Cairo,
Will find it to their interest to settle their
taxes at once ami save the penalty of one
per cent. . John' IIoixjes,
Sheriff anil Collector.
Ten cents per dozen, tit New York Store.
By the day, week, single meal, or with
meals ami losing; day boarders. preferred.
Location good, only one block from the
rostorlicc. on Thirteenth street, west of
Washington avenue. John HKF.rntu.
COAL! COAL! !
I am prepared to furnish the citizens of
Cairo with a good quality ot coal at the
lowest rates. Upon leaving orders at the
corner of Tenth and Commercial, it will be
delivered to any part of the city.
FIFTY DOLLARS REWARD!
Fifty dollars reward will be paid by the
undersigned, for the recovery of the body
of Fred Whitcaiup, who was drowned m
the Mississippi river, several miles above
Cairo, on Sunday. February Cin i. lie is
of medium height; wore canton flannel
underclothes; biue cheviot overshirt; vest
nnd knit jacket; blue jeans pants, and wore
shoes. Mr.s. Fked. WiuTCAMr.
(Memphis and New Orleans papers
please copy one time, and send bill to this
At A. Halley's on Commercial avenue op
posite Seventh street. The largest and
finest stock to be found in tii city. Tin
qpd hollowware of all kinds. Fine cut
ler1, a large assortment of bird cages,
hooks, lines, rods and reels, ninmu
cition, etc. A new supply of the Bissel!
carpet sweepers. Garden ami farm imple
ments. Flower baskets and hardware of
all kinds. Carpenters' tool. Cooking
stoves, the best in the market. Examine
bis stock and prices before you buy.
I'iT CHEAP! url
New Elm Market Baskets, at New York
Store, for 3 cents each Cheapest and Bst
for family use, buy one.
'The P.est Pill I ever used," is the fre
quent remark of purchasers of Carter's
Little Liver Piils. When you have tried
them vou will sav the s ane. '
Wanted. Sherman & Co., Marshall.
.Mich., want an agent in this county at
once at a salary of $100 per month und
expenses paid. For full particulars ud
dress as aboAc.
Mr. John Major is prepared t furnish
all kinds of new wagon, nnd busies on
credit, on approved paper or wry low for
A Tuaokman's TiiuoAT. Edwin Booth,
like m.jit it his professional brethren, suf
fers frequently fri.m severe inflammation of
the throat, which prevents him occasionally
from ujipeanng on the stage. This theatri
cal sore throat is sometimes so serious that
it actually drives an actor into private life.
Booth, however, promptly stops the first
symptom with Giles Liniment Iodide
Gii.e's Pii.i.s cures chills and fever. Sold
hy all druggists. Send for pamphlet. Dr.
Gilo. 120 West Broadway. N. Y. Barclay
Bros., Agents. Trial size" 2 rents.
Mr. John Major has, now en hrm 1
large lot of farm und spring wagons, log
wagon, one horse, two horse and sulky
plows, Tcssior's best, ami double and single
harrows. New and second hand busies
very cheap for cash or approved paper. Go
and sec them.
FltOM A I'ltOMINKNT DllLU Hoi'sR. II.
II. Warner & Co., Rochester, N. Y. Dear
ISir; It is now only three months since we
received your first shipment of Safe Reme
dies. We have sold drugs in this place for
twenty years, und have never sold a pro
prietary medicine, that give9 such univer
sal satisfaction as yours, especially your
Safe Kidney and Liver Cure, mid Safe Din.
We could mention many who have re
ceived great benefit in cases of kidney dif
fieultipi, asthma, rheumatism, diabetes,
Wright's dioonse, etc. Respect tully yours,
SLssoti & Fox, Alexandria Bay, N.Y.
GENERAL LOCAL ITEMS.
Justice Osborti has been ill for several
The Tiieater Comioue has one hundred
and sixteen stars on t'.ieir bills for this
Get the best, always. The best is the
Phicuix Hakim: Powder. Grocers will all
have it to-morrow.
-Dr. Petrie will soon take charge of
several of the handsome rooms in the
Alexander County bank building.
Twenty packages of Huston's choicest
butter will be on sale at the popular grocery
home of Pettis & Bird's.
Superintendent Gorman had a gang of
men at work yesterday, leveling Teuth
street, between Washington and Walnut.
-A real old New England dish can be pre
pared by using some of Pettis & Bird's
pickled pork and beans.
By consulting the "church directory"
on the first page, our readers can learn the
time unl places where services will he held
Police uews was not to be had for love
yesterday. We tried it and therefore are
enabled to convey this bit of information
Messrs. Tcttis & Bird, the Eighth
street grocers, have received a Cuusignnieut
of line Florida oranges. If you have a taste
for delicious fruit call on them.
The Rev. D. A. Bonnar, rector of the
Church of the Redeemer, and wife, will
will be settled in their new home, ou
Washington avenue, above Nineteenth
street, this week.
The usual services will take place in
the German Lutheran church this forenoon
and an English sermon will be preached in
t!ie evening theme: Either a servant of
satar, or a servant of Christ.
-MVe are told that Mr. T. M. Ilirrell,
one of our dentists,, will soon quit pulling
teeth in this city and will "pull up stakes"
at do distant day. He will settle in the
northern part of this state.
We call the attention of our readers to
the notices ot Messrs. Pettis it Bird. They
are enterprising business meu who under
stand the wants of the people and the prin
ters and strive hard to supply them.
The tire department, which has made
several ineffectual attempts to hold a meet
ing in the -council chamber, will "try
again" on to-morrow night when it is
hoped that a quorum will be present.
The interesting paper of I. A. M en
titled, "Do you mean it," was crowded out
to-day, as was also the report of the com
mittees cm the Irish relief fund. Both will
appear in our next issue.
Mr. M. Easterday and wife, and Mr.
II. Leighton, left for Eico yesterday morn
ing, where thev will attend the Sun iv
school convention. Prot. Jerome, we are
told, will not be present to address the
It is now asserted that Solomon got
the gold used in building the temple, from
Al.'.ska. pait of our territory, and it is also
truthfully asserted that the best five cent
cigar in the world i. the "Faultless." sold
by F. Korsmyer, corner Sixth street and
Messrs. Smith k Brinkmyer. merchant
tailors, have received a large stock of all
kinds ot suitings, broadcluths, etc., and are
prepared to make suits on sliort notice at
low prices. Their work always gives satis
faction, their piece goods are the b, st
brands, and good fits are be guarantee .i.
The great tragedienne, Mine. Julian,
schek. supported by Mr. Harry Meredith
and a la rye company of talented ladies and
gentlemen, will make her appearance in
thi-city on next Saturday evening. The
a (mission will be seventy-five cents, un l
one dollar for reserved seats; but this will
be cheerfully paid by our people, .since her
company is one which is unequalled by
any traveling company.
Mr. C. A. Kitchen, who has been in
this city forlittl'; over a week. canva.sing
for the complete works of Dlc'icns and
M're, lias succeeded in getting two hun
dred orders in this city to date. He has
already ordeted the books, and will com
mence their delivery to-morrow. (.Yitainly,
no book agent ever met with more success
in this city than did Mr. Kitchen.
Messrs. Pettis ic Bird can make the
grandest and most varied display of i'.iwy
groceries, canned goods and piekels in the
city. No otic standing in need of any
thing in the grocery line can afford to ig
nore them. Go and see their numerous
specialties and note their low pries.
The news of the death of Mrs. C.
Ilanny was wafted over the city yesterday
morning und caused many exclamations of
regret mi 1 expressions of sympathy from
the lips of her numerous sincere friends.
Mrs. Hanny is a relative of Mr. John An
trim, and was married to Mr. Hanny in
17; we belifvc. She has lived among us
ever since, nnd true to her perfect woman
b"od, she has , been un ex
emplary "help meet" and mother.
She bore bravely Mr. Ilanny's recent
reverses, and like a true comforter, light
ened as much us pos,,i.e the burden of
his misfortune. She was known by nearly
every one in the city, as a woman of rare
qualities, intelligent, noble, gonllr, loving
nnd generous. A woman of the Uwa type,
whose departure iiiuy well be heartily re
gretted by our entire community. Mr.
Ilanny has our heartfelt sympathy In his
AT TnK I'LANTKHS HOUSE.
F. Peters, Chicago; H. Milton and wifi
Blandvillo, Ky.; E. Wassiner, St. Louis
E. W. Priestley and wife, Metropolis; G. L
Rankin, Wesleu, Ky.; T. W. Wilkinson
Heruaudo, Miss.: F. Walsh, Columbus,
Ky.: S. Ward, Ironton, 0.; J. A. Walters
Norris City; Miss Kelley, Pa lucaluL II
Hurt, Milwaukee, Wis.; S. L. Wisner,
Anna; Phillip Stump, Risiug San
U.; D. E. Fisher, Cleveland, 0
J. A. M. Gibbs. Thebes; J. T. Ilusing,
Jackson, Tenu.; J. J. Prewett, Jackson
Teuu.; Geo. Worthington, St. Louis; Thos
Beck with, Belmont, Mo,; F. Goldothen
Cincinnati; W. T. Sherman and wife, San
Francisco. Cal.; W. J. Barnes, Walnut
Ridge, Ark.; L. B. Young, Pulaski, Els.
J. H. Palmer, Albany, N. Y.; John B. Jor
don, St. Louis; G. W. West. Mobile, Ala.
I). Lowrv, Grand Ridge, Mo.; W. II
Adams, Grand Ridge. Mo.; T.E.I laves
Dubuque, Iowa; Ed. Wyatt, Red Bud, ills
The best investment I ever made, said
Judge R , as he lightly walked along
to the surprise of his friends, was 50 cents
for St. Jacob's Oil, which cured me of
THE FIFTH ANNIVERSARY
OF THE WOMAN'S CLUB AND LI
BRARY ASSOCIATION", AS CELE
BRATED IN THE ROUGH
READY'S ELEGANT HALL
LAR0E AUDIENCE HANDSOMELY ESTEIt
TAIN ED BV EXCELLENT MUSIC AND A
FEAST OK HEASON.
THE VARIED AND 1NTEUESHNO I'ltOOlUMME
OIVEX IX FULL.
The Woman's Club and Library Asocia
tion celebrated their fifth anniversary ut
the Rough and Ready tire company's hall,
last night. The evening was unfavorable.
The sky was dark and threatening. Rain
had faileu during the day and the streets
and sidewalks were disgustingly dirty
More raiu fell after supper time; and. in
short, the weather seemed to be determ ned
to thwart the designs of the ladies and
gentlemen, who had for sane
time previous, strained both l.ody
and mind to give our citizens an eveiing
of the most 'delightful and intellectual en
tertainmeut. But, nevertheless, pcple
turned ('Ut in large numbers. From near
und from far they came, in carriages ind
on foot. They braved tiie elements, ind
the magnificent hall of the company ;vas
crowded with as fashionable, intelligent
und appreciative an audience as cvi-r teth
ered h this city. The programme as
everyone ha 1 reason to expect, was excel
lent, and brought out some tine tai.-nt.
Tiie attcntba of the audience was en
listed at once, and firmly Leld
throughout the evening. The ex
excises were opened with music by Mrs.
Stausbury. entitled, "Thou art so near rid
yet so far," which was well rendered, tnd
received many encouiunis. Mrs. P. A.
Taylor followed with an "Inaugural Ad
dress." It was well written, lepletc with
pa-sages of more than or liuury force and
clo. 'Hence, and received the hearty approval
of her hearers. We regret that we could
not obtain the manuscript for publicath n. :
Mrs. Wm. Winter rendered "The Bunch of
Violet" in a really artistic manner, com-
ed in the
by Mrs. JIu !,.;),
'Woman's work as
which was as follows :
varied ns circumstances make neeessiry
and talents lit hvr to execute. Woman'.,
right equal c unpen. atioti with men fr
work as weli performed." This was re
sponded t ) by Geo, Fisher in the following
iug p unted a.'id happy effort, which wa.
heartily applauded :
Woman's Work. As varied as circum
stances make neee ..vary and her taleuta lit
in r to execute.
Woman's Right. Equal compensation
with men for work of equal excellence.
I can an 1 do heartily i-uilor.se thii s'n;i
meiit. An 1 having endorsed it i might,
pel haps, stop riht here,
Like the man who ,ud too much Con
science toomit prayer on retiring for the
nL'ht and not ph-ty enough to truly pny
uid who, therefore pinned a printi 'l
copy of the Lord's prayer to his bed p....?,
mid on retiring for tiie ni-ht would simply
say. "Oh, Lord, them's my sentiments." So
l might say. "Iliesc are
But you expect rue to say more nnd I
wiil go on.
Woman's work.--As varied us circum
stances make neia.s. iry - that i, the point,
(.'ireum.t'iiiccs make net cmuv.
Circumstance'.-, make it 1'eei.sarv that
many women in order to preserve tln'ir sell-n-.pect
and thur honor should earn
a livelihood by lio'ic.,t lulior, hoii' -t toil.
I say then that the avenues cp. n to them,
should be as muneroiu and a, varied as
We may regret -aye we may deplore the
circumstances.which make such a life strug
gle necessary, but vu tmist deal v.iUi facts
as tin'v cxi-t. We must deal with practi
cal realities. We must take lif,. llS W(, n,
it and do our best in life's struggle, Loii"
fellow has told lis, ""' "
"No one Ion rriiri'i l.y f.,!,..,
Nil uiie en el'rrly ijcunliilM.
llr.t mini' Ui'iot.'tlinic.'h litikiivti,
lf-f nimli' iitiin hi nii,
,'llui"iiitiiii.-nlf with titiMi n
An imi-i'l louche'! lt (iolv, riiic i-liiriic
At lvlili.i rln ll n"iv.-, ' '
'A'ln'iv h.i-t 111. el ta.vi'i oln,j; "
Now If society were rightly constituted,
there would be little ncH of wuinuu's en
tering the struggle for r.vi.tem.e In compe
tition with man.
If society were rightly crinstllittH every
young' man who rie,se a sound mind in a
pound body, wotill be In l'i.qiom, frugal
At the proper time this industrious frugal
und virtuous young man would wish to
marry, ana would marry. Ho would not
be compelled to wait long nor to travel tar
to fma a heart "responding unto his own."
And so auew lamily would be organized
tnat institution ordained of heaven. The
unitot nil organized societv.
And here I am reminded of that old New
England miuister who suddenly caught the
idea one bright Monday morning, that ho
ougnt to marry a certain woman in his con
gregution. So saddling his horse he rode
over to her house and alighting he went in
and found her that brighuMoiulay morning
i- verthe wash-tub. Oaioth he : "Betsey it
is me 1,01-0 s win that l marry you" Quoth
sue : i ue ioru s win be clone. "
Ami so it was done. A new family was
Now it is the Lord's will-that every
unrig man siiouht be industrious
frugal and virtuous. It is. und'mbtedlv
tiie Lord's will that all or nearly all indus
trious, frugal and virtuous young men
Now if all young men were such, and al
married, as the sexes are nearly equal in
numbers, it would come about that circum
stances would seldom make it necessary for
woman to enter the struggle tor existence
in competition with man.
So ladies you will perceive that these un
fortunate circumstances, which we all so
much deplore, nre brought about by the
indolence, proJigaliiy and vice of many of
our young men.
An eminent Frenchmen, De Lccquevil!
i uiiuk u was. visjting this country in its
early days, called upon the mother ol
Oeorge ashingtoii. and asked her a ones
turn which he expected would require
much time to answer.
lie asked: "How did you train vour
s in to marie mm sucu a man;
She answered: "I taught him the laws
This was the secret. "The law of ob
hence. ' Obedience to parental authoritv.
Obedience to the laws of the land. 0'iedi.
once to school teachers; to all in authoritv.
!e!t-rest:uint, this was what made Wash
lagton what lie was lit to command. This
is what made Washington whit he was.
I Ins is what our own young men need.
I am s irry to sav that thousands of
young men m our land are luzv. Thous
ands are spendthrifts. Thousands are i.d-
ncieu to vice. Ami so when the time
eoni"s mr them to marry they nre not pre
pared for it.
irtuous young ladies will avoid t"ieiu
No virtuous young lady should, tor a mo
men:, t.i::iiv oi voKing herseil uueoua v to
uch a man.
She will prefer rather to "paddle her own
canoe. And all right-thinking- neoole
will applaud hei course, wiil bid her God
All right-thmking people cught to aid
ml encourage Iot in fighting litas battles.
Every avenue which she can properly enter
oug.it to be opened to le r us widely as-
Site is wonoertullv fitted to be n a teach
The schools should largely be given
ot a 111:
be n plusician:
clerk.' a book-
keener and shall I sav a larmer;
In pure se.f-defense. to save her self-re-
peot she shoti.d fit herself to earn an hon
She should do this to save her honor.
She should, do this to save the tirccsdty of
in t.i-advised marriage.
Again, woman's right, equal compensa
tion with men for work of c.,ual txeedenee.
Why not.' I know of no good reason. Wo
;v of a man, "lie wiil command in the
long run, what he is worth.''
If he is worth one hundred dollars per
month he will coiumand it as soon ns his
worth is known. If he is worth five hun
dred dollars per annum he wili command
And why should not a woman command
the true vaitie of her labor; She certainly
might s to do,
And yet in a rightly constitute I s K'iety,
there is u more execdent way.
Suppose that there are in a town five
thousand virtuous, intelligent young men
Suppose that there are' in the same town
five thousand young women also seeking
employment, largely in competition with
the young men.
Now tic; tuor; excellent way is fr the
five thousand young tii. n to marry the
young women and withdraw them from
tiie hbur market. Five thou.-md new
families will thus be organized, and labor
ers will become- scarce. Results th-iv
will be be a rise in vag"S and the-,e
young lin n can well support a family.
This is tue more excellent way.
The following excellent poem, written by
M;ss Mary McKee, was then admirably
rend by Ms K. A. Thompson, ur.d was re
ceived with applause.
When earth was younger and Greece was
And her white sails tilled in the summer
Each isle that lay ut her garment's hem,
Flushed in the tropical sea, a gem.
I. md of the hero's birth, ami piide
Where Sappho loved, and sung and died.
In a clime that is nearer the morning sun,
Another life in its course wm run,
And t'ii;::i Zeriobiu fur an I sweet,
With the weiilth of kings at her royal feet,
Held the scepter with steady sway,
Where the farthest bounds of her king
We find uncrowned but true ns these,
A-p .sia, wife of Pericles.
And a sea-girt Island long will bless,
The hulcyoii days of good Queen Bess.
They were golden links in a golden chain
And deep, true notes in u sweet refrain.
There ii one with lovelier form and fare,
With nimplcr garb and with truer grace,
The dark hair (.hading the foieheud mild,
Its rich folds Veiling the Holy Child.
"I'ls u woman's arms that the babe enfold,
'Hie the wise men hasten with gifts and
Lat of the mourners who lingered nefir,
At the Savior's cross and the Savior's bier.
And the first to bear with ioy-wingcil speed,
The new that "Christ is risen indeed."
Oh woman! thine Inthience reaches far,
Like beams of light from the morning ntar.
Where the fountain of knowledge flashes
And the Mars uro reflected from out the
At trim as the knight In his coat nf mall,
That wandered in quest tf the Holy Grail.
! Phoenix Baking Po wdci
The .Best in
When used according to Directions it produces the most
perfect hot breads, besides possessing all of those essential
qualities in which other powders are lacking.
QKO. E. O'HAIU, -A-pothoeary,
Soli' rropi'ietor and Miiiiufiicttti'cr, Cairo, Ills.
She searches out treasures, old and new,
As the pearl diver seeks in the waters
What is woman's mission, who can tell
When all that she touch",, she doeth well?
What is her kingdom, where her power,
Are all of nature's gilts her d-vvci :
It is woman's mission to watch mid wait,
And dispel the clouds from die brow of
It is hers to solace when other chid-,
To strengthen the weak tin,i the erring
It is hers to o:l'er the mother's prayer,
That follows a child through a life of care,
That lightens the thorny path in trod,
And points the way to a life with God.
After the reading of the poem. Mr. John
M. Lansdi'ii read the following very master
ly paper, entitled
TUli I'lIlLOSofllY 01' IIlsTollV.
The importance of the study of the past
must be conceded. However much knowl
edge we may uequirc, however much wis
dom we m cy possess, it will all come to
little it wiil al; come to nought, if it stands
in tiie face ot the lessons of cxncricncc.
Demonstrative reasoning has its own pe
culiar place; hut u.t le.-s satisfactoi v nor
less mighty are the ouiu iusions which past
events torce into recognition. In the world
of abstraction, in thj world of intellect or
of mind, we may sternlv demand to be
shown each link or each step bv which wa
re to come to the beh-f ol any
ivcii thing: but in the great practica':
world of business, of societv, of govern
ment, the teachings of events, the le.-s ins
of history uie accepted as the infallible
conclusions oi experience. And wni.et ie
relation ot the ubstraet to the practical
mut ever exist the one indissolublv con
nected w ith the other it must not be for
gotten that we often learn what the abstract
is --what the true theory is by giving at
tention to the Mact.eai.
Take uwav from man all that he has ac
quired by obteivatioii. and what you have
eit would searceiv be recognized as n man
it all. In theiuaa of to-dav we t'.nd uracil
more than tiie mere man hitue
seivations ot generations
him more than himself.
have u'.ui"tt made
Indeed, very mativ
of the trulv great tl.iic.
le wor.d have
come iroin im-re observation; un I while it
is said that there is a kingdom
that corneth not with observation.
Vet the ob-erv:.t;ons of im-u hive
li-covered to our i ice iuur,v new kingdoms
und world-., which their merely mental ab
stractions would never have brought to
i'o us the observations of men. the cx-
lierieiices ot men stiouid tie a rich inherit-
;iuee; for by what lamp are our feet to be
uided if not bv the lamp of experience' If
there'is any othei, let it be brought iutou-e
so that we can cease our backwaid gazing
into the just and go f award in our ex
ploration ot the UieXpl.ir.o'ie luture, teel-
ing that right over w iiere one was dashed
i pieces un l another sw allowed up, we
can sail without the fear of ilauger. But
if in fact, there is no such lump, no more
than there was an Aladdin's lann. let us
keep in the light of the lamp of the pa.-t. in
ne light ot tin; lump ol history; an I then
t we do, indeed, go moro shoviy we wm
certaiihy go more sile,y tins
rings nie to mv su'uect this event.'.-; the
tiloM.piiy of hisiorv.
lo every thinking mind, or, as one has
expressed it, t) every one who thinks
with a meaning, the event- of the
events of tiie past are a phiioop!;y whose
iight shines forward into the future, illum
ining a pathway over which we may walk
if we will, the pi.-t and the future in. et
nnd connect in the almost imperceptible
present, ami like the philosopher's histru-
merit winch gathers up tue scuiteren ray
of light for his various jmrposes history
gathei up the scattered events of the past
and lay- them at our feet us we stand upon
the harrow boundary, and says, look here
lirst f.nd then look forward: look here and
s"c tne errors and the failures, the sir., end
the sufferings, and with that preparation go
forward to meet the luture with assurance.
Thus the past lives in the present. The
acts rfmeii tire graven upon the historic page,
an i the mind delights to rell-et upon them,
dbcr.vciiiig the springs of human conduct
and the true relations of men to the evu:ts
which transpired while tiny lived with
un even an I measured step the mind moves
through the store houses of the past r ich in
its untold treasures. It needs not to hurry;
for the things w hich it comes to seek and to
consider are unchangeable, imperishable.
Tin; lire ot passion, the hot breath of war,
the i reed of ambition are ut an end; the
breath of life has even gone out and the
giddyiug whirl ol the world has ceased,
and there, before the eye, like the printed
page dropped from the flying press, lies the
story of all that the world kin-ws of itself.
Tin re it is, the world's history, lying out
stretched like it mighty Ktroll. There
it is. nnd. busy ns life's
woik is. it is a part of that
work to study that history, Tor what are
we here for if riot to glean nn I to gather
and with the accumulations prepare our
Helves to meet the future which in its un
certainty often comes upon lb to find that
we have neither oil or lamps with which
to light our way,
But it is asked, what philosophy is there
in history; for history is but n:i account of
past events? Let me then change my Mib
ject and say the philosophy of past events,
It Is still the same. It is the philosophy of
experience; the truest philosophy, the wise
est philosophy, the best philosophy the
philosophy of history, acquaints us with the
relation to each other of the events of which
it gives un account. The philosophic
historian is not content with n mere narrative-
of events os they occurred. He iroes
back of the events, shows us the condition
of the people, of uociety and the govern
ment, arid otmbei you to see Ihe coming of
the events themselves, Ho deals quite ns (
the World !
much with the causes as with the effects.
He carries you back, makes voir one of the
people, causes you to see nn.l to teel the in
fluence of society, arid sometimes to see
and to feel the strong arm of power up m
you; in a word, lie makes you live with him
in the very times about which lie writes;
and, most of all, he leaves you in no doubt
us to the conclusions to "be drawn or tic
lessons to be learned. The true historian is
a true philosopher. In the first place h"
possesses that first of all requisites, truth
fulness. lie believes in tine writing but be
will not sacrifice fact to diction. He will
not manufacture his facts and then Ins hi
tory out of those facts. He will search long
and diligently, indeed, there will be r,"
end to his explorations. He will go from
country to country, frun city X ci'.v,
from library to ' library, wherever he
can obtain an authenticated fact or evi
dence to authenticate a fact, and hiving
finished that most important part of Iih
work, lie will not spoil u nil by simply string
ing his facts together in chronological or l"r
upon the printed page, but cla-sifvmg and
arranging, he will show with nstoni-hii g
clearness, the relations and mutual dep I
once of the facts, so that its very comp i-v
ness might, perhaps, r;ll!.,. ;i suspicion of in
ft-i .. .. i . .
i ue true Historian wi;i not start
to prove- pl .'concieved theories. He h I
theories to prove. He deals with fact
tacts i:e gives you, und while he may driw
conclusions, be l-aves you to be your own
judge as to w hether his conclusions are f airly
drawn from his f:U;ts.
But turning from the historian to the
philosophy of history again, is it n-U awi
inquiry t- ask. what'does the phi'.o...p!.v of
history teach ns as a nation; What l--- !!
has the joist for us as u people: Let u- u-t
regard this matter as one altogether foreign
to ourselves, nor as one s 'inehow wlt;i
drawn from, or standing above our consid
eration. Let Us rather esteem it as a matter
"f great practical importance. For who
ever thoughtfully looks at o :;
country cannot" fat! to I..
greatly impressed, not so i.rtc1;
with what it is, as with what it seem. .-.
tincd to be. Its vast extent, i's alino-t ii.-ul e
po.ition, its riewues.. it, mineral, agrieulru
ral and other resources, its climates, r
productions, its m.-uus of internal c-e.umu- '
ticut;o!i. its la:,gu.i:.'e, its people, its ."Vi.rn
niei.t; ul! tin s- present, it is not t-o m :e'
to say, n sp'Ctacle of which
history aiferds no parallel. An 1
while mir reputation f,.- b,a-t
it g is h i; pily pacing away. becu-e
the habit is being hid a-i-ie, let us remem
le-r that there can be no ju-t cause jor p
proud; in showing to eur-'eivis un'l to t:.
wa r d. i J.ieed be, that we are not ins. s ;
1 1 the remarkable surroundim.'s of our p
tion tis a ptoj.ie.
"ur situation, our uilvnnt igi , ur ppor-
tunttics tire so evident that enut:
or detail would lie quiteou; of the o
Das it lint, then, become IVc.'V
draw o;!' his mind for awhile.'n
then, from the busy pursuits of da:
e t -in
an i to consider toe country to v
i . . . i ... . . J . . .
o -e.'iti's, in, no-ll,on in it hp..! ii. . v t
it; If we cannot do tin., where ? tin
regarded us Jlt.eparabiy connected w;t
true patriotism ; U 'e read fraijUenvy n
a-diys that many Amua'cans ubrou I h in
habit of sjieaking disparagingly of th,-:
country, or I should say of our coiintrv: f
scan .dv claim it
their own while at the same time speaking
c.il of it. This might be ucconnte I fr. if
it were confined ori'in-ly t those from o:,,
section of our country; for the eve:. of a
lew years ago oi l inuc.'l to e-'.ratl
from art I cinbM them against tie
Many things have, perhtip?. rccurr
ut hom- w hich sounded by i:o means
But cait it be that it is evil spoken ot' i-
cause those who have gone abroad h ue
1" itrtd things so much more
their tastes than at home?
should remain, if permitted :
country will try and struggl
If S'. the)
out them. Ameiica lias always tang!: t t!.'
right of expatriti' ii.
Our government is. jire-emin-tit'.y, le.- !
upon a theory. It i. no nriutraty tufair
Its distinguishing feature is the particip ..
tion by all in the admistratioii of
public affairs. This participation b
all in the ad ministration of th- gowrnm. n'
must not only give character to the gown
tin lit itself, but it lias also much to do i:
giving character to those who participate in
its administration. It cannot be doubted
that the more active nnd direct the partici
pation ot' the people in the government the
better it is for them. The part thr-y uie re
quired to take in its maintenance u'nd in its
administration must do much for them a.
individuals nnd as a people. A Republi
can form of government has for its corner
stone the recognized fact of the individual
ity of each person. There nre no pa
tricians, there nre no plebeians: there ate no
subjects. All are citizens.
In many other forms of government man
is little more than a mere animal. Hois,
perhaps, given the pre eminence of Mantl
ing ut the head of the animal creation: for
ho can produce more wealth, and then he
can carry a .run nnd can be led to war nnd
to battle, nnd even to death nt the cannon's
mouth, for the country which regarded him
only ns one of its beasts of service.
N'ot so here; for the theory is different.
With us, the man, the citizen, stands first
nnd above all. There, the man, the animal,
the benst of service, stands last and at the
bottom. Here, he is first taken into the
account, ho talks himself into account.
There, he is not taken into the account
nt nil except ns n means to the ends of
those, who own him. Here, he is the foun
dation stone, the corner slotie, the cap-stone
in the imposing structure of free govern
ment. There,' he is no port of the stern,
frowning structure of nbsolute power nnd
CO.NTISVED O.N XUtKO r.U'E.