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f ; ' THE DAILY CAIRO BULLETIN: WEDNESDAY MORNING AUGUST 4,
THE DAILY BULLETIN.
K. A. Burnett. Publisher.
OnlyMomlnf Daily In Southern Illinois
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National Democratic Ticket.
WINFIELD SCOTT HAXCOCK.
WILLIAM H. ENGLISH,
Democratic State Ticket.
of Cook County.
1EWIS B. PARSONS.
For Secret.iayof State,
JOHN H. OBERLY,.
or Alexander County.
of St. Clair County.
of Winnebago County.
For Consreps, 1Mb district,
JUDGE THOMAS IIILEMAN,
For Senator ofthcjOth district,
WM. A. LEMMA,
. . of Jacksou county.
I). T. L1SEGAR,
of Alexander county.
II. B. BUCKINGHAM,
of Union county.
"The right of Trial by Jury, the Iluhens Corpus,
the Liberty of the Tress, the Freedom of Speech,
the National Rights of Persons and the Rights of
Properly must be preserved - Extract from Gen.
Eanceck's letter upon taking charge of the Louis
COUNTY ATTORNEY I herehy announce my
self as a candidate at the ensuing November
.election, for the otllce of County Atturmy for the
county of Alexander, Illinois. ANtH S LELK.
CIRCUIT CLERK. -We are authorized to an
nounce that ALKX. U IHVI.N will be acatidi
date at the ensuing November election for the
office of circuit clerk In Alexander county.
FOR SHERIFF Wc are authorized to anuntinco
that Mr. JOHN lloDGKN will be a candidate
for re-election to the office of Sheriff, of Alexandre
County, at the m-jct November election, subject
oulytotbe vote of the people uttlie polls.
DEMOCRATIC MASS MEETINGS
. "Will be held at tho following times
Sandusky, Alexander County, Thursday
Cairo, Alexander County, Fiiday August
f Hodge's Park Alexander County, Sutor
' day, August 14th.
Mound City, Pulaski County, Thursday
, August, 19th.
i , Metropolis, Massac County, Saturday,
. August, 21st.
' Golconda, Pope County, Moti lay. Au
I list 23rd.
. , Vienna, Johnson county, .Wednesday,
"V August 25th.
Grand Chain, Tnlaski county, Tliursday,
TJonesboro,Unioa county, Saturday Au-
tod wmaf80' ack80n county Monday
Chester, Randolph county, "Wednesday,
Pinckneyvlllo, Terry countv, Thursday,
Marion, "Williamson county, Saturday
' Pulaski, Fulaski county, Saturday, Sep
tember 12th. .
Judge- lleilman, Democratic candidate
for Congress; Hon. M. C. Crawford, Dis
trict Elector; llou.W. J. Allen, Elector for
the State at Large; Hon. Jno. H. Obcrly,
Candidate for Secretary of State; Gen.
Charles J. Black, and other distinguished
speakers will attend the Mass Meetings
and address tho Tcople. The speakers
who will certainly speak at each meeting
will bo named in small hand bills several
days before the meetings.
Wm. II. Green.
Chairman of Democratic Congressional
K. Friganza, Secretary.
A "LOYAL" LETTER.
GEN. HANCOCK'S EFISTLE TO GEN.
SHERMAN GIVEN TO THE FUB
LIC BY ITS AUTHOR.
THE DOCUMENT DEST1TUE TREASONABLE
Til HEATS AOAIXsT T11E REPUBLICANS.
A FAVORABLE IMPRESSION CREATED BY ITS
PUBLICATION AT TIIE EAST.
Washington, Aug. 1. The letter ot
Gen. Hancock's, written to Gen. Sherman
in December, 1S7C, published this morning,
has made a much more favorable impress
ion than the letter of acceptance. This
letter was written at Gen. Sherman's re
quest. He wished to know the views ot
his generals at the special time. Hancock's
letter i3 only one of many received at the
time. The long disquisition of Gen, Han
cock was carelessly read by Gen. Sherman.
He noted what he especially sought and let
the rest go. So little had the letter im
pressed him that he had forgotten entirely
that there was any such letter in existence
when the controversy over its contents be
gan. It is regarded as a letter that was
written for publication, for it could hardly
be supposed that Gen. Hancock would have
written so long a political essay for Gen
Sherman's private consideration. The gen
eral impression is of a most favorable char
acter, however, and that it is a letter that
will create favorable opinion throughout
New Yore, July 31. This letter was
written in reply to two letters on the situa
tion received Ironi Gen. Sherman:
Carondelet P. 0., St. Louis, Mo., Dec.
29, 187G My Dear General: Your let
ter of the 4th inst. reached me in New
York on the 5th, the day before I left for
the west. I intended to reply to it before
leaving, but cares incident to departuro in
terfered. Then, again, since my arrival
here, I have been so occupied with person
al affairs of a business nature that I have
deferred writing from day to day until this
morning, and now I find myself in debt to
you another letter, in acknowledgement of
your favor of the 17th, received a few days
since. I have concluded to leave here the
20th (to-morrow aiternoon), so that I may
be in New York on the 31st inst. It has
been cold and dreary since my arrival here.
I have worked "like a Turk" (I presume
that means hard work) in the country in
making tences, cutting down trees, repair
ing buildings, etc., etc., and am at least
able to say that St. Louis is tho coldest
place in the winter and it is tho hottest in
summer of any that I have encountered in
a temperate zone. I have known St. Louis
in December to have genial weather
throu'diout the month. This December
has been frigid, and the river has been
frozen more solid than I have ever known
it. When I heard the rumor that I was or
dered to the Pacific coast, I thought it
probably true, considering the pat discus
sion on that subject. Tho possibilities
seemed to me to point that way. Had it
been true, I should of course have present
ed no complaint, nor made resistance of
any kind. I would have gone quickly, if
not prepared to go promptly. I certaiuy
would have been relieved from responsibil
ities ami anxieties
CONCERN I NO PRESIDENTIAL MATTERS
which may fall to those uear the throne or
in authority lor tho next four months, as
well as from other incidents or matters
which I could not control, and action con
cerning which I might not approve. I was
not exactly prepared to go to tho Pacific,
however, 1 therefore felt relieved when I
received your note informing me that there
was no truth in the rumor. Then I did not
wish to appear to bo escaping from tho re
sponsibilities and possible dangers which
may cluster arouud military commands in
the east, especially in the critical period
fast approaching. All's well that ends
well. Tho whole matter of the presidency
seems to mu to bo simple and to admit of a
peaceful solution. Tho machinery for such
a contingency as threatens to present itself
has all been carefully prepared. It only
requires lubrication owing to disuso. Tho
army should have nothing to do with tho
election or inauguration of presidents
The pcoplo elect presidents. Tho congress
declares in joint session who ho is. We
of the army have only to obey his man
dates, and aro protcctod In so doing only
so far as they may be lawful. Our com
missions expressthat. I like Jefferson's
way of inauguration. It suits our system,
no rodo alone on horseback to tho capitol
(I fear it was the "old capitol"), tied his
horso to a rail fence; entered and was duly
sworn ; then rode to tho executive mansion
and took possession. Ho
simply by taking tho oath of office Thero
is no other legal inauguration in our sys
tem. The people or politicians may insti
tute parades in honor of the event, and pub
lic officials may add to the pageant by as
sembling troops' and banners; but all that
only comes properly after tho inaugura
tion, not before, and it is not part of it.
Our system docs not provide that one presi
dent should inaugurate another. There
might be danger in that, and it was studi
ously left ont of the charter. But you
aro placed in an exceptional important pos
ition in connection with coming events.
The capital is in my jurisdiction also, but
I am a subordinate and not on the spot,
and if I wero, so also would be my superior
in authority, for there is the station of the
gcneral-in-chicf. On the principle that a
regular elected pesident's term of office ex
pires with tho 3d of March (of which I
have not the slightest doubt), and which
the laws bearing on the subject uniformly
recognize, and in consideration of the pos
sibility that the lawfully elected president
may not appear until the 5th of March, a
great deal of responsibility may necessari
ly fall upon you. You hold over. You
TOWER AND TRESTIGE TO SLTPORT YOU.
The secretary of war, too, probably holds
over ; but if no president appears he may
not be able to exercise functions in the
name of a president, for his proper acts are
those of a known superior a lawful presi
dent. You act on your own responsibility,
and by virtue of a commission only re
stricted by the law. Tho secretary of war
is the mouthpiece of a president. You are
not. If neither candidate has a constitu
tional majority pf the electoral college, or
the senate and house on the occasion of the
count do not unite in declaring some
person legally elected by the people, there
is a lawful machinery already provided to
meet the contingency' and decide the ques
tion peacefully. It has not been recently
used, no occasion presenting itself; but our
forefathers provided it. It has been recog
nized and submitted to as lawful on every
hand. That machinery would probably
MR. TILDEN PRESIDENT, AND MR. WHEELER
That would be right enough; for the law
provides that, in a failure to elect duly by
the people, the president and the senate the
vice-president. Some tribunal must decide
whether the people have duly elected a
president. I presume, of course, that it is
iu the joint affimative action of the senate
and house, or why are they present to wit
ness the count if not to see that it is fair
and just? Is a failure to arise between the
two bodies, there can be no lawful affima
tive decision that tho people have elected a
president, and the house must then proceed
to act, not tho senate. The senate elects
vice-president, not presidents. Doubtless
in case of failure by the house to elect a
president by the 4th ot March, the presi
dent of the senate (if there be oftc) would
be the legitimate person to exercise presi
dential authority fur the time being, or uu
the appearance of the lawful president, or
for the time laid down in the constitution.
Such couises would be peaceful, and, I
have a firm belief, lawful. I have no doubt
Gov. Hayes would make an excellent pres
ident. I have met him and know of him.
For a brief period he served under my
command. But, as the matter stands, I
can't see any likelihood ot his being duly
declared elected by the people unless the
senate and house come to be iu accord as to
that fact, and the house would of course
not otherwise elect him.
WHAT THE PEOPLE WAST
is a peaceful determination of this matter,
as lair a determination as possible, and a
lawful one. No other determination could
staud the test. The country if not plunged
into revolution, would become poorer and
pooler day by day; business would lan
guish, and our bonds would come home to
find a depreciated market. I was not in
favor of tho military action in South Caro
lina rcceutly, and, if Gen. Ruger had tele
graphed to me or asked for advice, I would
have advised him not, under any circum
stance, to allow himself or his troops to
determine who were the lawful members
of a state legislature. I could not have
given him better advice than to refer him
to tho special message of tho president in
the caso of Louisiana somo time before.
But in South Carolina ho had tho question
settled by a decision of tho supreme court
of tho statethe highest tribunal which
acted ou the question so that his lino of
duty sccmod even clearer than in the action
in tho Louisiaua case. If tho federal court
bad Interferrcd and overuled tho decision
ot tho state court, thero might have been
a doubt, certainly ; but the federal court
only interfered to complicate, not to decide
or overrule. Anyhow, it is
NO BUSINESS OF TIIE ARMY
to enter upon such questions; and, even if
it might bo so, in any event if the civil
authority is supreme, as tho constitution
declares it to be, tho South Carolina case
was one in which the army had a plain
duty. Had Gen.- Ruger asked mo for ad
vice, and if I had given it, I should of
course havo notified you of my action im
mediately, so that it could have been
promptly overruled if it should have been
deemed advisablo by you, or other supe
riors in authority. Gen. Rnger did not
ask for my advice, and I inferred from that
and other facts that he did not desire it, or,
that.being in direct communication with my
military superiors at the seat of government,
who were nearer to him in time and distance
than I was, deemed it unnecessary. As
Gen. Ruger had the ultimate responsibility
of the action, and had really the greater
danger to confront in the final action in
the matter, I did not venture to embarrass
him by suggestions. Ho was a department
commander and the lawful head of the mil
itary administration1 within tho limits of
the department; but, besides, I knew that
he had been called to Washington for con
sultation before taking command, and was
probably aware of the views of the admin
istration as to civil affairs in his command.
I knew that he was in direct communica
tion with my superiors in authority in ref
erence to the delicate subjects presented for
his consideration, or had ideas of his own
which he believed to be sufficiently
in accord with the views of
our common superiors to enable him to act
intelligently, according to his judgment
and without suggestions from those cot on
the spot and not as fully acquainted with
the facts as himself. Re desired, too, to le
free to act, as he had the eventual , greater
responsibility, and so the matter wa3 gov
erned as between him and myself.
As I have been writing thus freely to you,
I may still further unbosom myself be stat
I HAVE NOT THOUGHT IT LAWFUL OR WltrE
TO USE FEDERAL TROOPS
in such matters as have transpired cast of
the Mississippi within the last few months,
save so far as they may be brought into ac
tion under the article or the constitution
which contemplates meeting armed resist
ance, or invasion of a state more powerful
than the state authorities can subdue by
the ordinary processes, and then only when
requested by the legislature, or, if it could
not be convened in season, by the governor,
and when the president of the United
States intervened in that manner, it is a
state of war, not peace. The army is labor
ing under disadvantages and has been used
unlawfully at times, in the judgment ot the
people (to mine certainly), and we have
lost a great deal of the kindly feeling
which the community af large once felt lor
us. "It is time to stop and unload."
Officers in command of troops of ten f nd it
difficult to act wisely and safely when supe
riors in authority have different views of
the law lrom theirs, and when legislation
has sanctioned action seemingly in conllict
with the fundamental law, and they gen
orally defer to the known judegment of
their superiors. Yet the great crises, and
are held to such responsibility, especially
those at or near the head of it, that it is
necessary on such momentous occassions to
dare to determine for themselves what is
lawful and what is not lawful under our
IF THE MIL1TATY ATII0RIT1EB SHOULD RE
as might possibly be the case in such ex
ceptional times, when there existed such
divergent views as to the correct result, the
army will suffer from its past action if it
had acted wrongfully. Our regular army
had little hold upon tho affections of the
peopole of to-day, and its superior officers
should certainly, as far as lies iu their pow
er, legally and with righteous intent, aim tn
defend the right, which to us is the law,
and tho institutions which they represent.
It is a well meaning institution, and it
would be well if it should have an oppor
tunity to be recognized as a bulwark in
support of the right of the people ond of
the law. I am truly yours,
Wixfield S. Hancock.
To Gen. "W. T. Sherman, Commanding
Army of tho United States, Washington
Bahy Saved! We are so thankful to say
that our baby was permanently cured of a
dangerous and protracted irregularity of
tho bowels by the use ot Hop Bitters by its
mother, which at the same time restored
her to perfect health and strength. The
Parents, Rochester, N. Y. See another
column. Buffalo Express.
Tiik bono and muselo producing malt,
tho nerve-quieting hop, the superb mala
rial antidote quinine and other precious
ingredients, combine without fermentation,
are tho ingredients of "Malt Bitters, pre
prred by the Malt Bitter company.
THE EQUITABLE LIFE
10 BROADWAY NEW YOKK
The Popularity of the Equitable Life Assurance Society,
indicated by the fact that for Eleven years its average an
nual Xew Business has been larger than that of any other
Company in the world, is due, in a great measure, to its well
known promptness in the payment of Death Claims, audits
rule never to take advantage of technicalities where an
equitable claim exists.
As a GUARANTEE of this, and to counteract the perni
cious influence of a technical policy, adhered to by many
companies, the Equitable makes ALL ITS POLICIES, old and
new, throughout the United States.
After the policy has been in force for three vears.
"The Equitable Life lias paid since its organ
ization to January 1st, 18B0, 551.882,736,11(1
closed its books upon that date Without a con
tested or past due claim."
The Equitable Life Assurance Society was the 'first to in
TONTINE SAYINGS FUND POLICY,
And thereby to popularize life insnrace to a degree before
Py the late report of the Insurance Commissioner for the
states of Massachusetts and Xew York, the Equitable Life
Assurance Society shows the following strong points:
FIRST The Equitable has a larger ratio of assets to lia
1 ilities than any of the leading companies.
SECOND The Equitable saved more of its income last year
than any other company.
TIIIPiD The Equitable death rate was less lat year than
any other of the leading companies.
FOURTH The Equitable realizes a higher rate of rent, or
interest, on real estate than any other company.
The Society taken pleasure iu refei i imr to the following well known business
men insured in the society, composing' an
ADVISORY BOARD OF REFERENCE FOR CAIRO:
TUCi W. TJALL1PAY
CaetikT City Jsatlonil
FRANK L. GAUCHER, C'nlro City mill.
J. M. rillLLirS, President IlaMday & I'lillliin
PAl'LG. SCni'H. Wholesale nnd retail drujj-
WILLIAM STUATTOK, of StruHon & Bird
w boluBule (rrowrs.
WALTON W. WRIGHT, of G. D. WllllBmnon,
A Co.. Boat More nnd C'uiuuiUhIob mercbaotn
FRANK IIOW'E. of CM. Howe & Bros,, pro
vicious aud produce.
ERNEST H. I'ETTIT. Groci'rliP, quuciiownre
For any Information or Insurance apply to any Member of
the above Board or to
E. A. BUENETT, Agent.
Corner Twelfth St., and Washington Ave., Cairo, Illinois.
W. N. CRAIN'E, General Manager for Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, and tho
Territories, 103 Dearborn Street, Chicago.
of the United States.
SIMI-SON n. TAPER, of Tabir Bron., naiin.-facturtngji-wclvrf.
WILLIAM D. L1FPET, Aseietaut pontmnctur.
W. E. GOHLSON, Dry goode, fancy goods and
Tnos S. TARR, General
JACOR BURGER, of Burger Bron. dry good
JOHN sr-ROAT, Proprietor "Sproat'e Refrig
GEO. Tl.'LENTZ, Superintendent Cairo City
Cairo tit ills.
of A. Mackio & Co. 'a
ti lowwt ptN
tzti of aoy ffooau