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National Democratic Ticket.
WIKFIELD SCOTT HASC0CK.
WILLIAM H. ENGLISH,
. Democratic State Ticket.
of Cook County.
LEWIS B. rARSOSS.
of Clay County.
For Sccrctaay of State,
JOI1N II. OBERLY,
of Alexander County.
of St. Clair County.
of Winnebago County.
For Congress, 1Mb district,
of Randolph County.
For Senator of the 50th district,
WM. A. LEMMA,
of Jackson county.
D. T. LISEGAR,
of Alexander county.
II. E. BUCKINGHAM,
of Union county.
"The right of Trial by Jury, the Habeas Corpus,
the Liberty of the Tress, the Freedom of Speech,
the National Right of Person and the RiRhta of
Property mut be preserved. -Extract from Gca.
Hancock's letter upon takitg charge of the Louis
- - .. ANXOCNCKMEXTS.
COUNTY ATTORNEY. I hereby announce my
self as a candidate at the ensuing November
election, (or the office of Couuty Attorney for the
county of Alexander, Illinois. ANGUS LEEK.
CIRCUIT CLEHK. -We are authorized to an
nounce that ALEX. U. IKV1N will be acaudl
date at the ensuing November election fur the
office of circuit clerk in Alexander county.
FOR SHERIFF We aro authorized to announce
that Mr. JOHN HODGES will be a candidate
for re-election to the office of Sheriff, of Alexandre
county, at the next November election, subject
only to the vote of the people at the polls.
AH Hancock and English campaign clubs and
other organizations which support thu Democratic
candidate-, are remipstud to send to W. II. Illinium,
chairman national Democratic committee, V'.i Filth
veuue. New York.
1st. The name and location of their organiza
tion. Bd. A statement of the number of member en
84 . Tho names of officers.
4th. Account of meetings held.
fitb. Report, every week during the campaign,
of the number and lucreahe of meuhcrshiii, with
the condition and prospects of the canvae s.
1 DEMOCRATIC MASS MEETINGS
.. Will be held at the following time9
Murpbysboro, Monday, September 15th.
Cbetter, Randolph county, Tuesday,
DrjQuoiD, Friday, September 3d1
" Marion, Williamson county, Saturday
Tolkl. ,Pulaekl county, Eatunluy,' Sep
lion. Wm. llartzcll, Democratic candidate
for Congress; Hon. M. C. Crawford, Dis
trict Elector; Hon. W. J. Allen, Elector for
thcStato at Large; Hon. Juo. II. Obcrly,
Candidate for Secretary of State; Gen.
Charles J. Ulack, and other distinguished
speakers will ottend the Mass Meetings
and address the Teople. Tho speakers
who will certainly speak at ench meeting
will be named in small hand bills several
days before the meetings.
Wm. II. Green.
Chairman of Democratic Congressional
R. Friganza, Secretary.
WILFUL AND WICKED WASTE.
EXTRAVAGANCE AKD WASTEFULNESS OK
REPUBLICAN ADMINISTRATIONS DEMO
CRATIC AND REPUBLICAN LEGISLATION
The wasteful expenditures of tho Repub
lican party culminated in Grant's second
term. They were checked by tho organiza
tion of a Democratic House of Represen
tatives in December, 1873. Since that date
reduction bus been the rule.
If we contrast the administration of one
year before the war with the last year of
Republican administration, taking out all
expenditures relating1 to the public debt,
principal, interest, and premiums, and ex
cluding pensions, taking only tho net ordi
nary expenditures, we find that Democratic
administration for the year ending June
30, 1873, cost 101,531,430, whilst- Repub
lican administration, for the year ending
June 30, 1874, cost 1G3,080,570, a differ
ence in favor of the Democrats of $10.V
498,114. If we compare ten years before
the war, with ten years since the war, the
same great discrepancy is found. Estimate
entirely the war period, from 1802 to 1800,
and we find that the whole cost of govern
ment administration for ordinary expens
es for a whole period of seventy-
three years ' from the loundation of
the government up to June 30, 1S01,
cost the people $1,506,720,151, while the
last ten years of Republican rule, preced
ing the coming into power of a Democratic
house of representatives, and beginning
with the fiscal year ending June 30,1807.
the total amount of ordinary expenditures
was 1,52S,917,137, or in other words, the
Republican party in ten years, commencing
with the year after the close of the war, ex
pended more money for the net ordinary
expenses of the government, exclusive of
the public debt, principal, interest, pre
miums, and pensions, by $22,190,090, than
had been expended in the seventy-two
years proceeding the advent of the Repub
lican party into power, being the whole ex
istence of the government. Taking the
same expenses for ten years of Democratic
rule before the war, beginning with the
fiscal year ending June 30, 1852, and ending
June .'10. IStil. both inc usive. the total ex
penses were $372,872,200. The same ex
penses werft in ten years of Republican
rule, from the fiscal year ending June 30,
1870, $1,528,917,137. Thus we find the
cost of Republican expenditures were $950,-
044,677.35 more than the amount expend
ed during ten years of Democratic rule, an
increase of more than 170 percent.
Comparing ten years before 1801
with ten years after 1807, we find
the average per annum ot these
expenses during the ten years
of Republican rule was $150,072,014,
whilst the same items of ordinary expenses,
during ten years of Democratic rule, aver
se but $57,287,220. So that thu increase
during a decade of Republican rule is
nearly three times as large as for the last de
cade of Democratic rule. Taking the cen
sus of 1800 and 1870 as a basis, we find
that the cost of administering the gov
ernment per capita during the ten years of
Republican rule was $39.05, while under
Democratic rule in a decade it was but
$18.26 per capita, or an increase of 117
per cent, against the Republican party.
THE REPUBLICAN TARTY STANDS BY THE
SYSTEM OF EXTRAVAGANCE.
This is the policy of liberal appropria
tions which the Republican platform of
1880 recommends ami supports. It means
a continuation and perpetration of these
enormous ordinary expenses of the govern
ment pnd consequent taxation of the peo
ple to support and sustain them. These
taxes must come ultimately from labor.
They are the result of the imposition of
taxes on the things which come into daily
consumption and lives of tho people and of
burdens most grievous and onerous. Of
course we do not feel their full weight, but
nevertheless they press us in some direc
tion and we feel their rcsultB in our daily
lives. To the poor man whoso salt and
other necessaries of life are taxed they
mean additional hours of labor, depriva
tion of time for recreution and mental im
provement ; they mean fewer comforts fur
the household, inability to send the chil
to school, want of respectable clothing, and
want of healthy and invigorating tood to
support the physical strength of the bread
winner. Continued labor, with this weak
ening and sapping of the vital power, ulti
mately results in thut worst of disease,
among the laboring people of tho country
the terrible ' typhus. An hour or the
CAIRO BULLETIN: WEDNESDAY MORNING SEPTEMBER
half of H given to taxation unnecessary
and Improper, to support improvident ex
penditure, is not only a blunder in those
who rule, but a crime.
WASTE IN ALL THE DEPARTMENTS.
In tho war department the regular army
was largely increased, and after the war
tho cost of maintaining it, per man, was
greatly augmented. Expenditures during
this decade of Republic an rule in that de
partment were $593,500,000, as against tho
sum of $109,000,000 under Democratic rule
an increase of more than 191 per cent.
In the navy department tho most culpa
ble extravagance existed. Expenditures
for maintaining the navy for the last de
cade of Republican rule, prior to 1870,
were $234,000,000, as against $123,000,000
for the last Democratic debade an increase
ot more than 89 per cent.
In the interior department the Indian
ring has expended $02,500,000 under Radi
cal rule, as against $32,000,000 expended
during the ten years of Democratic rule;
with fewer Indians to support, and naturally
less expense therefor, an increase of
$30,000,000, or more than 93 per cent, is
Civil and miscellaneous expenditures
during these ten years of Radical rule
amounted to $038,000,000, as against but
$247,000,000 expended during the ten years
of Dernocratic.rule an increase of $391,
000,000 in ten years, or more than 158 per
The average per annum for ten years ot
Democratic rule, Irom June, 1S52, to June,
1802, was $37,287,220. The average per
annum of ten years of Radical rule, from
June 30, 1S07, to June 30, 1877, was $152,
807,713. The cost per capita for ten years
of Democratic rule was $18.20, for ten years
of Republican rule, $39.05.
EXPENSES INCREASE AFTER THE WAR.
Expenditures seemed to grow greater as
we receded from the war period, and con
tinued to increase until the advent of a
Democratic house of representatives in 1873.
For instance, the expenditures tor the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1S71, were $123,139,
932, for ordinary purposes, while for the
yeur ending June 30, 1876, they were $130,
000,417, an increase of $13,400,000. The
same items of expenditures for the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1874, were $165.00,
570, an increase over 1871 ot $41,840,038.
The actual net ordinary expenses, exclu
sive of the public debt, principal, interest,
premiums and pensions, appropriated by
the Forty-third congress, which whs Re
publican, were as follows: In 1875 $142,
073,032, in 1870 $13G,000,417, making a
total of $278,074,049, while the Forty
fourth congress, the first Democratic con
gress, appropriated in 1S77, for the same
expenditures, $110,240,211, and in 1878
$107,033,370, or a total of $223,301,381, a
difference of $33,000,000.
If we compare the Forty-second with the
Forty-fifth congress, the former Republican
and the latter Democratic, we find that
the net ordinary expenses of the govern
ment, exclusive of the public
ueut, principal interest, premiums
and pensions, were as follows: In 1873
$153,129,210, in 1S74 $105,080,570, inak
ing a total of $318,209,780, while the
Forty-fifth congress expended in 1S79
$120,498,452, and for the fiscal year ending
June, 1880, $131,994,037, making a total of
$258,492,489, or a decrease of $39,717,291.
THE FOLJjED ROOM.
1 o itemize some of these reductions let
us take the expenditures for the cost of
employes and folding in the house of rep
resentatives for the Forty second and Forty
third congresses, which were Republican,
and the Forty-fourth and Forty'
fifth congresses, which were Democratic
The total amount expended ior folding
documents in the Forty-second congress
was $237,000. In the the Forty-third con
gress it was $97,150. In the Forty-fourth
congress the total expenses fur that pur
pose were $44,250. In the Forty-fifth
congress it was $62,800; a total of $107,-
050, or a reduction from this item alone of
$227,100. Campaign work of the Repub
lican party was done by the house in the
Forty-second congress. This ot course
swells the amount to the enormous sum of
$237,000, while in the Forty-fourth con
gress, pending which was the presidential
election of 1870, this item cost but $44,250,
or a saving of $192,750, a reduction ex
ceeding 435 per cent.
If wo undertake to learn by actual in
vestigation where these items of extraor
dinary expeuse occurred, it is no difficult
thing Extravagance in expenditure is a
rule in every department of the govern
ment, and this will continue until change
comes. Those who uro in power cannot
curb and restrain expenditures, when once
they have fairly begun. The pressure of
those who are in office beneath is too severe
upon those who represent them to restrain
it ; and there isjeontinued increase when
evermoney can be obtained to aid in the
display and pomp -and -show. We are
tending toward all of the display of an
aristocratic eourt, and the simplicity of Re
publican rule is lost.
EXPENSES OP THE WUITK HOUSE.
Let us tako the expenditures of the whito
liouso alone. During the last four years of
Democratic rulo the total expenditures ol
tho executive mansion wcro $80,700, while
during tho last twelve years of Republican
rule they have been $110,004. The salaries
of employes in tho executive mansion dur
ing the last four years of Democratic rule
were $23,103, while in the last twelve years
of Republican rulo they aggregated $83,
848. Here we find "ushers," a single item
of $122,000, which knew no existence un
der Democratic rule. Added to these we
find an item of $18,440 for policemen or
liveried servants aping the habits and airs
of monarchial courts. The salaries of the
officers in the executive mansion, the last
four years of Democratic rule, were $118,-
25, while for the last twelve years of Re
publican rule they have aggregated $709,-
200. The contingent expenses iucluded in
this item under four years of Demecracy
were $2,025, whilo under twelve years of
Republican rule they reached $25,500, or
nearly a thousand per cent, of increase.
The subject recapitulated shows that four
years of Democratic rule cost in the white
house $228,090, while twelve years of Re
publican rule swelled the expense to $1,
404,112.25. RECKLESS SQUANDERING OF THE rUHLIC DO
MAIN. The Republican party has wasted the
public domain, donating it to corporations
by statutes enacted through bribery and
corruption in very many instances; and we
have a very fuir sample of it in the history
of the Credit Mobilier, affecting the Re
publican party's candidate for president.
How was the territory of the United States
acquired, and under whose administration
did the government and people take pos
session of this magnificent domain? The
original area of the United States was
827,844 square miles, or 329,820,100 acres.
There were acquired from France, by the
purchase of Louisiana through Thomas
Jefferson under a Democratic administra
tion, 1,173,087 square miles, or 730,775,
080 acres; from Spain by the cession of Flor
ida in 1819, under the Democratic admin
istration of James Monroe, 68,912 square
miles, or44,133,680 acres; by the annexation
of Texas in 1845, under the Democratic
administration of Mr. Polk, 264.356 square
miles, or 175,587,840 acres: from Mexico
by the treaty of 1648, uuderthe Democratic
administration of Mr. Polk, 0:!0,7C!J square
miles, or 407,520,400 acres; from Mexico
the Gadsden purchase in'isj.'l, under the
Democratic administration of Mr. Pierce,
45,533 square miles, or 29,142.400 acres;
while the Alaska purchase, under the ad
ministration of Andrew Johnson, contain
ing 577,390 square miles, or 309.520,600
acres, comprises all the territory added to
our originalupossessions under Republican
rule. There were thus acquired by Dem
ocratic administrations 2,198,630 square
miles, or 14,070,136.000 acres, while the
administration of Andrew Johnson ac
quired Alaska, with its icy mountains and
its cold, bleak bills containing 379,529,600
Of these lands there li'ive been patent
ed and granted to StM s and corporations
for railroads and military wwgon roads
under Republican administrations, from
1662 to 1675, a total in actual value of
$169,274,060.02 by the estimate placed up
on them by the government itself.
Republican expenditure is demonstrated,
too by the acts of the last 1!' publican con
gress. In the much mooted subject of private
claims the Forty-second and Forty-third
congresses, both of which were Republi
can in both branches, with a Republican
president, the sum total of private claims
passed was ,$2,287,051.10, while in the
succeeding congresses, none of which were
Democratic except in the lower branch,
the total amount of private claims passe
was but $536,710.97.
A GIFT DECLINED.
AppletcL's Readers were declined as a
gift by the St. Louis board August 24,
1880, by the decisive vote of seventeen to
seven. Thus emphatically were these
books refused as a gift in the home of their
Manufacturer uud dealer In Custom-made
N. D.-All work Hurrunted, uud Repairing neatly
done on shnit notice.
Virvlitlt HetvviH'U Commercial and
jjiuiii kh'.j VUsiilnutun Ave.
week itj v7iiir"own town, iTouufftievo
lllrlsk. Reader. If you wnut a business at
vwhlrh Persons of either rvi ran make ureal
py all the time ttier work, write for particular to
u. unLiiLii a. w..rurusuu
THE EQUITABLE LIFE
Assurance Society of tho United States.
l'O BROADWAY NEW YORK
The Popularity of the Equitable Life Assurance Society,
indicated by the fact that for
nual Xew Business has been
Company in the world, is due,
known promptness in the payment of Death Claim., audits
rule never to take advantage of technicalities where an
equitable claim exists.
Asa GUARANTEE of this,
cious influence of a technical policy, adhered to by many
companies, the Equitable makes ALL ITS POLICIES, old and
new, throughout the United States.
After the policvhas been in force for three vears.
"The Equitable Life
ization to January 1st.
closed its books upon
tested or past due claim."
The Equitable Life Assurance Society was the firt to in
T0XTIXE SAVINGS FUND POLICY,
And thereby to popularize life iusurace to a degree before
By the late report of the IiMiraiice Commissioner for the
states of Massachusetts and New York, the Equitable Life
Assurance Society shows the following ,trong points:
FIIiST The Equitable has a larger ratio ol assets to lia
bilities than any of the leading companies.
SECOND The Equitable saved more of its income last year
than any other company.
THIRD The Equitable' death i ate was less last year than
any other of the leading companies.
FOURTH The Equitable realizes higher rate of rent, or
interest, on real estate than any other company.
The Society takes pleasure in lefcrrinir to the following well known business
men insured in the society, composing an
ADVISORY BOARD OF REFERENCE FOR CAIRO:
THOH. W. HALLWAY, Cashier City Natlonil
FRANK L. OALICiUER, Cairo City mills.
J. M. PHILLIPS, 1'retldcnt Dalllday 4 Phillip
PAULO. SCni'II, W'holcsalo and retail dniR
Rist. WILLIAM 8TRATTON, of Stratton A Bird
WALTON W. WRIGHT, of O. D. Williamson.
& Co., Roat Stores and Commission merchants
FRANK HOWE, of CM. Howo 4 Bro.
visions and produce.
ERNEST B. I'ETTIT, Groceries, queenswaro
For any Information or Insurance apply to any Member of
the above Board or to
E. A.. BUENETT, Agent,
Corner Twelfth St., and Washington Ave., Cairo, Illinois.
W. S. CRAINE, General Manager for Illinois, lawn, Nebraska, anil the
Territories, 10 Dearborn Street, Chicago.
Eleven years its average an
larger than that of any other
in a great measure, to its well-
and to counteract the perni
has mid sihec its organ
18IiO, $5Uif!2,7,3(, and
that date without a con
SIMPSON II.'TARER, of Tabcr Bros., mant.
fucturluRjewelers. WILLIAM 1). LirpET, Assistant postmaster.
W, E. (JOIJLSON, Dry goods, fancy coods and
TARR, General merchandise and
JACOB BUR(iER,of Burger Bros, dry roods
JOnN sriiOAT, Proprietor "Sprout1 Rcfr!
GEO. R.JLENTZ, Superintendent Cairo City
HERBERT MACKIE, of A. Mackio & Co.'