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DAILY CAIRO BULLETIN.
CAIRO. ILLINOIS. SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 5, 1880.
NEW SERIES NO. 137.
bjt.Wu. H. Smith, Jn. Dh.Wm. H. Swim
Urs. SMITH. k
OFKICR: No. !!1 Thirteenth Strut)!, between
Vabluiton Avuuue and Walnut Street.
EORUE II. LEACH, M. D.,
Physician and Surgroou.
Bpcclil nttntlnn paid to the Homeopathic treat
iienl of surreal diseases, and tllsee. ol ttoa.cn
"oiUci'No! II KiKlitU ittrcot. near Commercial
kv.nue, Cairo, Ills.
II. MAREAN, M. D.,
Homeopathic Physician and Surgeon.
bfflce liH Commercial avenne. Residence comer
Fourr.'rnib bt. and Wasuibjfiun avenue, vim.
U. E. W. WHITLOCK,
tirnuc No. 13. Commercial Avenue, between
KlghtU aa'd NIMU Street
It. W. C. JOCELYN,
OFFICE Eighth Street, near Commercial Avenue,
QAIRO it ST. LOUIS II. R.
It. "V. HMITHEK8, Recpivir.
SHORTEST SHORT LINE BETWEEN
CAIRO AND ST. LOUI?.
Through Express leave. Cairo B.V.a.m
Through Exprc.s arrive, at E. St. Loui... 5:' p.m.
Through Expren leare. E. St. Loui..... !:"a.m.
Through Express arrive at Cairo 5:10 pm.
Murph).boroai:commoaat!ouieaves.airo i -w p m.
Mu.phvshoro Acc. arrive.! Murphy.boro T:'p m.
Murpbv.boro Acc. leave. .Murphy.boro . . 5:1" a .m.
Jlarpb'rsboro Acc. arrives at Cairo ll:a.tt.
The Cairo A St Lonls Rail Hoatl l the only all
Hall Kunte between Cairo and St. LouU nndcr one
manairement. tht-refore there are no deiay. at
way .tati'in awaiting roiinoctlon from other linei.
Cloic and sure connection" at St . Louii with other
line, fur ortli . tt and W e.t
J. A NAltiLE. L. M. JOnNSON.
A.ent UeLerai Jliuai'er.
OHIO & MISSISSIPPI Ry.
TIME TABLE OP PASSENGER TRAINS FROM
Vl.NCENNES (No?. 30. UT9.)
So. I Day Express (Except Sunday).... 1 :i0 p. m.
a r.prt'.e i Lxcept nuuaay) i:;: p.m.
4 Sight Expren. (Daily) ...... I:!:.' a. m.
So. 5 Express (Except Sunday) 8:05 a. ra.
I lay r.xpres. (Except sunaayj.. . p. m.
MuhtEipreM (.Dally) l:fii.ffl.
J.K.Ci.AiiK, C. 8. Cose. Jr .
Ajtnt Vlnceone.. Gen. Tick" u:ncinni
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R.
3 V" .'-Mjw
Shortest and Quickest Route
St. Louis and Cliicauro.
The Only Lino Kunnino:
0 DAILY TRAINS
Making Direct Gjnsection
Tiuini Liavi Cairo:
3:1 0 n m. Mail. ,
Arriving In St. Lonls 9:4J a m. : Chicago, 8:) p.m.;
Connecting at Odin and Kflliieham for Cincin
nati, LouLsvllle, Indianapolis aud points Em.
11:10 a.tn. Bt. Iannis and "SVosnern
Arriving in St. Lonls:05p. ra., and connecting
for all points VVc.t.
4:20 p.m. Frist Kxprpssi.
For St. I.ouiR and Chlcaeo, arriving at St. Lo:iU
10:10 p.m., and Chicago 7 :M a m
4:20 p.m. Cincinnati Kxproas.
Arriving at Cincinnati 7:00 a.m.; Louisville T:J1
am.; Indianapolis 4:iw a.m. Pa'njeri by
tbtn train resell tho above point. l'J W 3ti
HOURS In advance of any other route.
lThe4:a0 p. m. express baa PULLMAN
Sl.tEl'INU CAR Cairo to Cincinnati, without
changea, and through aleeperi to St, Loals and
Fast Time East.
1 ttSfltllfJltlS cm points without any dr-lny
cau.ed by Sunday intervening The Suturday after
noon train from Cairo arrive in new York Mouday
morning at 1U:U, Tblrty-ilx bouriln advance of
any other route, .
ISr-Kor through tlckcU and further Information,
apply at Illinois Central Uallroad Depot, Cnlro.
J A 8. JOHNSON, J. H. J0NE9,
(Jen. Honthern Agent. Ticket Agent.
A. II. HANSON, Uen. Pal. Agent. Chicago.
PROPRIETOR OP SPROAT'S PATENT
"Wholesale Dealer in Ice.
ICE BY THE CAR LOAD OR TON, WELL
TACKED FOR SHIPPING.
Oar Loads a Specialty.
Cor. Twelfth Street and Levee,
MILL AND COMMISSION.
HALLID AY" BROTHERS,
Vtklivn i if
FLOUR. GRAIN AND HAY
Egypti an Flouring Mills
Highest Cash Price Paid for Wheat.
V4 - i
STOVES AND TINWARE.
ALL SORTS, SIZES AND STYLES,
Manufacturer ot aaJ Dealer in
TIN, COPPER & SHEET-IRON WARE
ALL KIND? OF JOB WOUK DONE TO ORDER.
NO. 27 EIGHTH STREET,
Caii'O, - - Illinois'
B A. n K.
Commercial Avenue aud F.iffhth Street
F BROS?, Pre!deut.
P SEFF. Vice-Prcudent.
H WELLS, CJh:r.
T, J. KEUTII, Afslatant C'aoblcr.
F. Bro. Cairo: William K!uze, Cairo;
I'et. rNel. l air": William Wo.f. Cairo;
C. M. (i.terloh. Catre; C. O. Patier. Cairo:
E. A B::di-r, Cairo: J. Y. Clem.on, Caledonia;
U. Well. Cairo.
t.ENEP.AL BANKING EfSINESS DONE,
ia. Exchange void and bought. Inttreft paid in
the Savinu Di-partment. Collection, made and
u, l)u',iit-9 promptly a'tcsded to.
HE CITY NATIONAL BANK
W. p. nALLIDAT, Prealdent.
H L. HAI.LIDAY. Vlce-Pre.idect.
THUS. W. HALLIDAY, Cashier.
I .TAATSTATWIR, W. P. HAI-LfPAT,
BKNRT t. UALLrD IT, R. H. CI N KINOB AM,
. 0. wnXIAX.ON, PTSPaXN B1HO,
B B. CANDIX.
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HARPER & r.ROTlIERS, New York,
AN INTERESTING ESSAY.
BY MRS. M. T. EARLE, OP COIJDEN.
HEAD BEFOUE THE TEMl'EUANCK CONVEN
TION OK THE EIGHTEENTH CONOUESHIONAL
DISTUICT, AT ANNA, H.I.S., NOYEMHEK
10th and Urn, 18S0.
There is one unhappy thought connected
with all our labors for temperance reform.
Tho severe efforts we are obliged, to make
before we can mitigate any of the suffering
and sin which follow in the train of evil
habits, might so easily have been avoided
by a little care in the tint place. .Will it
be necessary for other workers to rescue
many of the innocent little boys growing
up around us from the same sad fato
which seems impending over many of the
youths of to-day? How can character bo
so tormed that it will need no reforming!
This ought wc to do, and not to leave the
other undone I
Where woman seeks to find gome levor
by which to lift the world into a purer at
mosphere, she must never forget that great
opportunity is given to her by the tact that
she is the custodian of childhood.
I particularly want to talk to the good,
every-day sort of women the women of
laborious lives, who fill our country homes,
and with their own hands make life com
fortable for their families. I want to ad
drees you, my sisters, not because you need
the homely suggestions I have to offer
more than others, but because you usually
deal directly witli your children without
the intervention of servants. Your oppor
tunities for influencing their minds and
hearts are unusually good, and being so
large a class, the future well being of our
country is largely in your hands.
If I go beyond the duties of one parent
in this great matter and suggest enough to
occupy both lather and mother, it will be
because it is difficult to portray tamily life
and duty in any one sided manner, and I
cannot but hope that those homes are few
where a woman, conscientiously living a
life ot consecrated affection, which flows
out in earnest work for the best good of her
tamily, will not find cordial help and sym
pathy in the husband and father.
We cannot have too deep a sense of res
ponsibility in the matter of our relations to
and influence over our children. A man
may urge in defence of his own wrong
doings, that without any will of his own
he has come into a world,
which besets him with tempta
tions too strong for him to resist. But when
society calls him to account for the sins of
his children he has no such plea to offer.
He is responsible for their very existence,
and for this reason when two persons have
incurred the responsibility of the family
relation, and see the children growing up
around them, duty to these little ones
should be the first consideration. It is
usually felt to be so, but I fear this mistake
often occurs. We bend every effort toward
something, which slnll benefit them by and
by. We toil early and late and eat the
bread of carefulness that we may leave
them something when wo are gone, instead
of seeing how much of good we can bestow
upon them day by day, while they are ours
to mould and influence. The little child
I will say the little boy, (for although there
are many things to say about the training
of our daughters, we will consider them
another time) the little boy is vpry depen
dent upon his mother during the first years
of las existence, and if she knows what a
little boy needs, and keeps him very near
to her heart by entering into these needs,
she can establish an influence over him,
which will probably cuduro through life.
There is little danger that she will neglect
his physical wants. We know that she
will rise early to prepare his food, and keep
her lamp burning late into the night to
fashion the garments which shall protect
him from the cold, because sho sees and
feels these needs so plainly.
Poor, weary mothers, with so many mouths
to feed, with so many stitches to take, must
it be said that when thtir duties are well
done the most vital ones still remain?
The little child is a social being. He
must have companionship, and happy it is
if he early learns to rely upon his mother
for his very best company. If he can go
to her for a story, go to her for answers to
his many questions, and can find in her
an attentive ear when ho tells his little
thoughts and wishes, he will learn to ap
preciate and rely upon her for instruction
and entertainment. Tho influence a com
panionable mother can wield upon her son
is tenfold as much as can bo exercised by
one whose chief eljijjjis for food and
raiment. Tho little D6y is framed for ac
tivity, and very eager and restless, while
learning to use his powers, while trying to
test this strange, new world with eye, ear
and hand, to see what it is like and what
he can do in it.
This endless, peeping, questioning,
running, jumping, mischief-making
what docs it mean but
that ho is trying to understand things
to find out whether he can do this or
that. Theso activities arc often very
troublesome. This zeal is often wrongly
employed, but these are the ways by which
our !oy becomes strong, gets the uso of his
faculties and is able to perform useful work
hereafter. Happy the child whose mother
knows the meaning of all this restlessness,
ami instead of rudely checking and re
pressing, pleasantly guides and directs!
Let me hasten to acknowledge that sho
would he a saint, indeed, who could ac
complish this without many failures that
it will tax to tho utmost the strength and
patience of the wisest to do the things,
which I am about to mention yet; they seem
to need to be done. Sho must early train
her boy to obedience, uot by using start
ling threats, which he knows can never be
executed, but by firmly and patiently in
sisting on compliance with her requests.
Remembering that if a boy has any pro
mise of vigor ond usefulness hereafter, he
will be very activo and busy now. She
must try to remove the temptation to do
naughty and disobedient things
by suggesting things, that may
be done. How much troublo is
saved for both parties when the mother
learns to be before hand with the little
folks and to say, "Don't you want to do this?"
before she is compelled to say, "You must
not do that." Innocent occupation i3 half
the battle, for
''Satan finds some mischief still
For idle hands to do."
And if she really want3 to be in maturer
life her childrens' most valued triend and
counsellor, she must bear to be hindered
and harraascd at her work by having them
much around her while they arc bothering
little things. She must endure a great deal
of noise; mustn't be cross about a few
whittlings on the floor of a rainy day. If
she can be patient enough to show the
boys how to sweep up, and restore
things to order, it will busy them longer,
and it will teach them a good lesson, which
will be two good things. She must he
pleasant when they crowd around and get
in her way, just to show her some stone, or
flower, or curious thing, which seems to
them so wonderful that they must bring it
in to show ma and litter the house withal.
She must answer their questions about
these things, and instruct them as she is able.
She must be glad with them in their little
joys and soothe their sorrows so kindly that
they are half gone as soon as mama knows
them. She must let thorn know how much
she appreciates all their efforts to help her,
and nourish a feeling of pride in being
able to make themselves useful.
My friend Mrs. Smith had quite a family
of boys that she trained somewhat after this
plan. They j,rrew up into tiptop young lellows
but she Jid suffer one inconvenience. She
was such a long time getting rid of them.
They got so attached to her that when
they were head and shoulders above her,
they were just about as much in her way as
when they were little shavers, and they
took up ever so much more room. As the
boys grew they had to keep tearing down
their kitchen and enlarging it, for if they
were in the house and mother was in the
kitchen no other place would suit them,
and there they must be the whole half
dozen of them. They had thought of
something they wanted to tell her. Tho
other rooms were cold. There was tho
best window in the kitchen to read by, or
they thought she needed them to grind the
coffee, or to bring in wood. Well,
they didn't even trump up
any excuse. but just crowded
right in whero she was and staid there.
And you could not keep Mr. Smith away
lrom Mrs. Smith and the boys, so he came
too, and if there was nothing of more inter
est going on, he put his feet against the
oven-door, read his newspaper, and looked
If sho was in the pantry skimming milk,
she was most likely to have a small boy on
one side watching to sec how thick tho
cream was, and a big boy at the other el
bow telling some remarkable thing that
had happened tho day before at school.
When she went to the stove to put on tho
kettle, she had to invite a few ot them to
stand back, or shove back, or sit back, and
she couldn't get a corn cako into
tho oven without suggesting to papa
to just move a little. They used
to consider it a regular joke when she in
timated that thero wcro other rooms in the
house, and would good naturcdly answer,
"We'll go there as soon as you do, ma."
When work was pressing, or tho good
woman was a little too near tired out,
sho was sometimes assisted by a hired girl,
who was sure to say, on rainy mornings,
"All the help I want from you to-day,
Mrs. Smith, is just to keep out of this
kitchen thcrott bo no gitten round with
you here." If sb ventured to say that sho
didn't know that sho took up so much
room, tho answer was : "Every one of your
men folks will be iu hero after yo in less
than fivo minutes, and the room will bo
so cluttered up, a body can't do nothing.
How you ever Rtnud it to do your work and
have them roumj under foot is moro than
I can sco." But Mrs. Smith dots
stand it remarkably well, and
why shouldn't she? Her boys are good,
homo-loving boys. Sho knows whero they
spend their time, and docs not uso her
strength worrying over them. You never
seo her lata at night standing by tho gate
with an old shawl over her head, listening
to hear if they are coming, and wondering
if they arc ut tho gulmm again. Sho never
lies awake, starting at every sound for fear
somebody is coming to tell her that John
has been put in the calaboose for being
quarrelsome attcr his third glass, or that
they are bringing home Tom with a bloody
face and an ugly gash on his head, where
somebody hits shied a tumbler at him and
hit the mark a little too well.
But "how can two walk together unless
they bo agreed?" Tho most taithfu! and
tender mother will be likely to fail,
in spito of her be3t efforts, if she does not
have the co-operation of her husband. Will
it uot be good for every father to reflect
how much more lie owes his child than
food, raiment and shelter? It is his duty
to help build up thii intellectual aud moral
man as well the physical. No mutter
how humble liis circumstances; no matter
how much hard luck may have hindered
his getting on in the world, nothing oed
hinder his bestowing upon his child the in
estimable fortune of a good example.
Docs ho want his boy to be truthful and
honest, let him show him how much he
values Ji is own word, and how much he
would shrink from taking an unfair advan
tage of another.
I want to enlarge a moment on the sub
ject of truthfulness for two reasons. The
first i3, that this is tho basis of all integrity
of character. For a truthful boy I can al
ways bo hopeful, whatever vices he
may fall into. He is never any
more than he seems, and you know just
where to go to work to help him. But
with a boy who can tell an ingenious false
hood, we are all discouraged. We don't
know how to help him, nor when we have
helped him. There seems to be no founda
tion to build upon. The second reason is
that I think parents otten induce the habit
of falsehood when they arc perfectly in
nocent of the least suspicion that they are
doing so. They forget that a little child
is a timid animal. It is as natural for him
to try to shield himself by deceit when
he expects to bo severely dealt with for
mishief, as it is for a rabbit to hide from a
hunter. Do not blame children just as
severely for accidents, caused by no greater
crime than carelessness, as you would for
breaking all the ten commandments. Tho
very best thing in the good old story cf
Washington and tho hatchet, was
not that tho boy so bravely con
fessed himself to be the author of tho vexa
tious piece of mischief. That was sure to
happen when tho father who reared him
wa3 the man' who could welcome his child
to his arms, declaring that the truth was far
more to him than his beautiful cherry tree.
Encourage your child when ho comes to
confess his littlo misfortunes; show him
that if tho truthful road out of difficulty is
sometimes a little rough and thorny, it is
a great deal the shortest and surest, while
one never knows through what difficulties
falsehood will lead. There aro few chil
dren who will not be trathlul with this
kind of precept, enforced by good example.
And fathers, if there is anything more nec
essary than a mother's love for and com
panionship with her boys, it is yours. There
is nothing so encourages aboyjand stimulates
him to well noing moro than to have his
father confide in him and encourage him
to express his opinion in all matters of
family concern. It you wish to havo your
son take an interest in your work, let him
know your plans; let him seo what you aro
trying to accomplish for yoursclt and for
him. Show him that you do not under
value his assistance, and that you like to
have himmako suggestions. Perhaps you
aro poor and havo to deny him many
things. Perhaps, though you seem to be
prospering, you aro embarrassed by debt.
Bo frank with him; show him just how you
stand, and it ho knows enough arithmetic
to understand simple subtraction, instead
of trying to take six dollars out of four, ho
will repay your confidence by taking hold
cheerfully and helping you to to pull
through. Show him that you expect to
cam everything which you ever possess
by honest labor of some kind, and that you
feel cheerful over the prospect. Then ho
will not feel abused if ho does uot happen
to discover any short cut to riches and
honors. Enter into all his plans with in
terest. Even, if you do not think them
wise, listen to them kindly; do not refuse
hastily, try to sco just how tho matter ap
pears to him beforo you give final decisions.
"Ned," said a littlo boy, to his cousin,
"when your father says you can't do a
thing -you can't but my paean bo reason
od with." I liko a pa that can bo rcasonod
with, though I think ho ought to hoar tho
reasons beforo ho says no not afterward.
Thero seem to bo three ways ol attempt
ing to prevent our boys from becomiug
idle aud dissipated, and it is is not safo to
neglect any of them. By precept, we must
teach them to uso their owu eyes and be
como convinced of tho terrible despotism of
evil habits. They .must bo taught to bco
how much harder it is to resist temptation
when once yielded to. They must rcalizo
from tho fatal and suro consoqucpccs ot
indulging tho appotito how deceitful are
tho pleasures which sin has promisod. Ia
every couimuuityjtheru are object lessons
to be studied that will convince any intelli
gent child that we cannot paint tho picture
of a ruined lite in colors too dark for truth.
We must teach them by example. We
must have no equivocation here. Our
children must know that wc aro ou tho
right siile and mean to stand there. A
father who is not willing to come out
boldly on the side of temperance needs
to tremble fur the boys who love,
him, and who watch with eagcrt eyes
to see just where father thinks it safo
to stand. Besides example and precept,
there remains yet one thing. W mu3t pre
occupy the territory.
Vice is the child of the idleness, and it
is for this reason I have so much em
phasized tho thought that we can do much
for our children by being interested in
their pursuits. Just as long a the mind ia
filled with something innocent or useful
there is no room in. it for wrong doing.
Here comes in the advantage of innocent
amusements. Here comes in one of tho
great advantages of the love of study. A
boy to whom a good book is a welcome
companion, does not need to suffer lrom
loneliness, or to seek the society of evil
comrades. When a library ticket, which
will furnish hiiu reading tor a whole year,
can be purchased fur a dollar.
Love of work, love ot innocent re
creation, love of study! It wc
can plant these sale-guards on the soil of
an affectionate ami truthful character, may
we not hope that when our Voy goes out to
buflit with life's manifold temptations, and
vice come3 knocking at the door of his
heart, that he will be able to reply, "No
room tor your ladyship."
Young men and boys those of you who
are exchanging the fostering care of homo
for the responsibilities of your individual
life, I can not let this occasion pnss with
out saying a word directly to you. Mauy of
you have, no doubt, been reared
amid all the genial influences which
I have been suggesting. All that the
wisdom of conscientious parents could do
for your welfare has been done, and I
trust the good seed has not fallen on barren
soil. You are, I confidently believe,
looking lorward to a temperate, industri
ous, conscientious manhood a life sure to
be crowned with honor and blessing.
From such manhood comes ull the glory of
a nation, all the prosperity and happiness
of its people.
To you I have nothing to offer to-night
but a loving benediction, and a prayerful
hope that the bright promise of your youth
may never be quenched amid the floods of
But if there is a youth here who says no
body was .careful that I should be guided
aright in the formative period of childhood
I was neglected, and I stood on the verge
of manhood with no well defined good
habits, with no clear notions of duty. I
have had no opportunities; there seem to
bo none offered to me ! To him I would
say : Take courage ; you have still the most
glorious opportunity that of youth. All
the prizes the world fcas to offer may yet be
yours, if you will win them. Are you ig
norant, nothiug can hinder you
from learning if )0u are resolved
to do it. Arc you poor? If you are honest
and industrious you can hardly help thriv
ing. Have you inherited a passion for in
toxicating drinks, which makes you look
forward to the probability that your life
will bo swallowed up in the disgrace of a
drunkard's lot? Let me question further.
Have you already traveled so far in tbits
darkening path, that "habit-bound your
feet refuse to turn?" It this bo so your
bondage is indeed heavy. It is a bitter
thing to have so forfeited your birth-right
in tho morning of your days. Yet, ob,
believe me, it is not yet too late! To the
resolved and perniteut soul, all things are
''Every chali which spirits wear
Cruniblet In the breath of prayer;
And tho penitent's desire
Opens every Rate of fire.
Strong your prison house of will,
Yet without He waltetU still."
Waits to strengthen and uphold the re
turning prodigal; waits to bestow every
blessing which a loving Father holds ia
store for his obedient children. Heaven
will trive you the victory if you determine
to retrace your steps and walk along the
clean highways of duty, "Those ahininfr;
table lands to which our God himself is
moon and sun." But tho lower you have
fallen the more arduous will be tho task of
of regaining your lost manhood, the
longer will bo the struggle. You
have youth on your side. Do not
add years of sin and sorrow to your record,
in tho vain hopo of some mighty deliver
anco without tho most solemn effort of
your own will. God will help you when
you try to descrvo His aid. Your friends
who love you can only assist you when
you begin to help yourselves. Tho work
is yours. Why longer delay its beginning.
Will you not ceaso to yioid to your beset
ting Bin, resist tho temptations with
which you are so mightily assailed, and
begin a new lifo in the spirit of renuncia
tion and of hope? Renunciation of tho
folly aud sin, which has made the blind
ness of your past. Hope tor tho unsullied,
future, which lies within your reach.