Newspaper Page Text
DAILY CAIRO BULLETIN.
CAIRO. ILLINOIS. SATURDAY - MORNING, APRIL 9, 1881.
THE TWENTY-FIRST ANNUAL STATEMENT OF THE
EQUITABLE LIPE ASSURANCE SOCIETY
OF THE UNITED 6TATE8, 120 BKOADWAY, NEW YORK.
HENRY B. HYDE, President.
FOR THE YEAH ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1880.
A MOUNT or LKDOIH ASNITS, Jan. 1.
Interest and renin
Net prulit on Investment
Claim by death tod matured endow-
, mint . l.&i7,.Vii 8-1
Dividend., surrender value., and an
nuities li,Hi,41(J IH
Discounted endowment and matured
tontine poltde ITS '.WHiti
Total paid policy holder 4,7W,1H7 T,
Dividend on caultsl 7,flWt
Agem-ln and cam mission (
Ueueral eXpcUSL WSi.MU Vi
Mate, county ant city tare. SS.Kts 70
Net cash asset, Dec. 31, ISSti.. $ 3s.u0.KU t
Honda and mortgage. I
l ulled statu. atiKka
Mate stock, city stock, and atork.
authorized by the law. of lue slate
of New Vork
Loan, secured by bond, and slocks.
Heal estate in New Y ork and Ko.tou
and purchased nnrter foreclosure..
Cash on hand In hank, and other de
poaiturie on interest aud in transit
Duj from agent on account of premium
From the, undivided anrulua rnvxrulmor Hiil.
dend will ha declared, available on aottlement of
ueimunuai premium, to ordinary participating
Tbe valuation of thu pollciea outstanding baa
tioen made on the American experience table, tbe
legal standard of the state ofNew York.
i W. PHII.I.II'H, ) . ,, .
J . 0. VAN t'lsK. Actuaries.
$ ;iS.m.M (
Market value of atock and honda
over com .
Interest and renta due and accrued .
Premium, due and In process of
cnllertion ( leu premium paid iu
advance, e.i.OUl) ,
Deferred premium -
Total aeU, Dcc.31,HSfl 41.1 g, 31
Total llahllitie including legal re
verve for reinsurance of all exist
lug pollcie t SI. 11
Total undivided (urplua ):iX,M 'i
Of which belong (a computed) to
pliele is general cla.... LMIi.tM fll
Or which belongs i an computed) to
pollcie In touttue cla m
Risks Assumed in lfI80,8:5,l7O,805 00
r.isk Outstanding 8177,597,703 00
We. the undersigned, have. Iu person, carefully
examiued the accounts, and couuled and examined
in detail the assets of the oclcty, and certify that
the foregoing statement thereof la correct.
HKNMSGTON V. RANDOLPH,
.IA.MKH M. HAI.HTKI),
THOMAS A tlMMINS,
IIKNUV H, TKHBKLL,
JOHN SLOAN K,
Bpeclal Committee of the Board of Director,
appointed Oct. .'7, IK I, to examine the asset
and account at the close or the year.
Henry H Hyde,
George I. Morgan,
George T. A dee,
Henry A. Ilurlbtit,
Henry F. Hpauldlng,
WilliHiu H. Kong,
William A. Wheelock,
W illiam O. l.ttnli.Tl,
Henry M Marquand
Henry H. Terbell
Thomas 8. Vounir,
Thomaa A. (ninmlns,
Darilul 11. Lord,
James M Halsted,
Kdwurd W. Lambert,
II. V. Rntidolob,
J oli n Slo IUf,
Henry V. Butler,
George 11. Stewart,
JAMES W. ALEXANDER. Vice Prest't.
.SAMUEL EOKROWE, i.M Vice Pres't.
Mud lent Examiners:
E. W. Lambert, M. I)., Edw'cl Curtis, M. I).
E. W. Scott, Superintendent of Agencies.
North Western Department.
K Dearborn Street, Chicago.
W. N. C'RAINE, General Manager.
John A. Stewart.
John D Jone,
Kohert Lenox Kennedy,
(.'hauncy M. Depcw,
II nj din in Williamson,
Henry M. Alexander,
K. Iloudlnot Colt,
Thomaa A. Uiddle,
ieorje G. Kellogg,
Joac K. Navarro,
John J. McC'ook.
Stephen H. Phillip,
Samuel W. Torrey,
(Charier (. Landoa,
Alexander P. Irvin,
T. De Witt I'uylcr,
William M. Dili-,
Samuel G. Goodrich.
E. A. BURNETT. Afcnt,
Mayor N.B. Thiatlewood.
Truaaurer Kdward Dczouia.
Clerk DenniR. J, Foley.
Counelor--Wm. B. Gilbert.
Marabal J. H. Itobln.on.
Attorney William Hendrlck.
aoaao or aluibkii,.
Flrat Ward Jl. J Howley. Peter Saap.
Second Ward David T. Llneyar. Jeaau niukle.
Third Ward-Kgbert Smith, B. K, Blake.
Fourth Ward-Cbarle O. Patler, Adolph Swo
Fifth Ward-T. W. Hallidav. Ernet B. Pettlt.
Circuit Judce D. J. Baker.
C'lrcolt Clck-A. H. Irvlu.
ouutv Judijc K. S Yornin.
County I'lcra J. Humm.
County Attorney J M. Damron.
'ountv Treaaurer Mtle. W. Parker.
CouniyOommli'.ioner-T. Vi . Halllday,
Gibba and Samuel Briley.
KSERAL DEL1VEKY open , :ao a. m.; cloe
J :0p.m.; Sunday: 8 toll a. m.
Money Order Department open at la. m.; cloe
at & p. iu.
Through Kxpre Mall via Illinois Central 3:40
Mhulmlppl Central Kallroadi close at p. m.
Cairo and Poplar Bluff Through and Way Mall
cloac it 1 p. m.
Way Mall via Dllnol Central. Cairo and Vln
eenne and Miaa.talppl Central ltatlroada cloae at
J: 45 p.m.
Way Mall for Narrow Gauge Railroad dole at
Cairo and Evanavllle Blver Route cloac at ii::l
p. m. daliy (except Friday).
CAIRO BAPTIST. Temperance hall on Tenth
treet: preaching first and third Sunday In
eac month. 11 a m. and 7:30 p. in. ; prayer meet
Ins Thnraday, 7:p. m. i Sunday achool, 9::i0 a.m.
Kuv. A. J. HKSS, Pastor.
CHCKCH Or TliK KKUKBMItK-lJlplKopai)
Foortvonth itreet; Sunday Morning prayer
10:50 a. m.; evening prayer, 7:30 p. m.; Sunday
lay Morning pi
.7:S0 p. m.: Si
cboolV:30 a. m. Friday eveulnz prayer 7:) p.m.
1MRST MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHCKCH.
r Preachlne at 10:31) a. m., 8 p. m., and 7::iO p, m,
Sabbath achool at 7:30 p. in. Rev. T. J. Shore,
LUTHERAN-TUIrlcenth itreet; aervlcci San
bath 1:30 a. m.; Sunday school 2 p.m. Rev.
METHODIST Cor. KlRhth and Walnut trcct;
Preaching Sabbath 10:30 a. tn. and 7 p.m.;
prayer meeting, Wednesday 7:30 p. m.; Sunday
School, i a. m. Rev. Whlttaker, paator.
PRESBYTERIAN Eighth atreet: preaching on
Sabbath at 11:00 a. m. and 7:H0p. ro.; prayer
mooting Wednesday at 1:M. m.; Sunday School
at 8 p. m. Rev. B. Y. George, pastor.
ST. JOSEPH'S (Roman Catholic) Comer Croa
and Walnut treut; ervlce Sahbatb 10:30.
n. ; Sunday School at 11 p. m. ) Veaperi 3 p. m. j er
rice every day at 8 p. m.
ST. PATKICK'8-( Roman Catholic) Comer Ninth
street and Washington avenue; services Sab
oath 8 and 10 a. m. ; Vesper 3 p. m. ; Snuday School
i p. ra. service every day at 8 p.m. Rev. M.ustei-son
EORGE II. LEACH, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon.
Special attention paid to the Homeopathic treat
ment of surgical diseases, and disease of women
Office: No. 10 Eighth street, near Commercial
avenue, Cairo, Ills.
J)R. E. W. WHITLOCK,
Orrioa-No. 1 Commercial Avenue, betwoon
IF I. .1.1 ha aitirl Kllitll HlvnaiiM
jyn. W. C. JOCELYN,
OFFlCE-Elghth Street, near Commercial Avenue.
a week In your own town, i outnt free. Mo
risk. Header, If you want a bualneidat
WDicn Darsona oi eiiner aex can maii
pay an me time the work, write for particular to
u. uAiiUn i t' a vu,, roruana.
rpUE CITY NATIONAL BANK
NEW SERIES NO. 244
W. P. nAI.LIDAY, Prealdcnt.
H. L. HALLIDAY, Vice-Preldeut.
TUOS. W. HALLIDAY, Cashier.
TAlTTVLOR, W. P. RALLID1T,
HIKM- L. HAIXriUT, B. B. Cl'NNINaUAM,
. D. IUJAOK, STlrUIN SI HI),
Exchange, Coin and United States Bonds
BOUGHT AND SOLD.
Deposits received and a general tanking business
gT. LOUIS, I. M.fcSO. RY.
In r. ' ' r i. i r
IRON MOUNTAIN ROUTE.
TRAINS LEAVI CAIIIO,
Arkaiiai and Texas Expres.........ll :4S a.m. Dally
AllRIVE AT CAIRO,
Expre !:fiSi.m, Dally
Accommodation 8:30p.m. Dally
Ticket office: No. 55 Ohio Levee.
H. H. MILBURN, Agent.
ILLINOIS CENTRAL R. R.
nil 111 III
Shortest and Quickest Route
St. Louis and Chicago.
Tho Only Line J tunning
Making Direct Connection
Trains Liavi Caiho:
Arriving In St. Lonta H:4A .m.: Chlcaio S llon m
ilTn'ofalA1 s"3 to eftefn!
nail, Loiilavlllii, lndiaiipolimj point East.
11:10 a m Ionls and Western
Apo.ntuIC7:08p- - coveting
4iUO p.m. Kusit Kxprosn.
for St. Lonls and Chicago, arriving at St Ionia
10:lOp.m.,atidChlego7;ao a m
4 :'JO p.m. Cincinnati Kxpresa.
Arriving at Cincinnati 7:00 a.m.; I.ouiivllle T'SO
a.m.; lmllanam.ll 4:00 a.m. Passenger bv
this train reach the ahovo point 1W to "Irt
HOURS In advance of any other routo.
rrv-The4:9n p. m. express has PULLMAN
SLEEPING CAR Cairo to Cincinnati, without
change, and through sleepers to St, totils and
Fant Time Kant.
PrtSKJPllO-OI'W hj this Mno go through to Kat.
1 aflfleiltlS urn point without any dolay
caused by Sunday Intervening. Tbe Saturday after
noon train from Cairn arrive In new York Monday
morning at 10:86. Thirty-six hours In advance of
any other route, , .
tVKor through tlckot and further Information,
apply at Illinois Central Railroad Depot, Cairo.
JAO. JOHNSON, J. U. JONES,
A Qen. Southern Agent. Ticket Agent.
A. B, IUNSON, Uen. Paei, Agent. Chicago.
C. W. WHEELER,
Summer Wood and Kindling
constantly on nana
At Seventy-five cents per loud.
At one dollar per load.
The "trtmmlnKa"ar coarae havlng and mako
the beat aummer wood for cooking purpose as well
a the cheapeat ever aold In Cairo. For black
smith's use In suiting tire, they are unequalled.
Leave your ordcra at tbe Tenth atrcet wood yard .
S k I 2 W
YOCUM tfc BRODERICK,
STAPLE and FANCY
Washington Avenue, Cor.
About thirty-five of our citizens, rang
ing in ago from eighteen to forty years,
have Biguitled their willingness
to organi.o a military company.
They will meet in the Hibernian engine
liouso on next Tuesday evening, ut eight
o'clock, for the purpoMo of affecting an or
ganization, when it is expected that tho
number will bo increatjd to forty or fifty.
The qualifications necessary to entitlo any
oue to membership are that ho must be at
least five feet six inches high, not less than
eighteen nor more than forty years of ago
ami a citizen of Cairo. This is the first
move in this direction and we hope that
it will bo successful.
The Mt. Vernon News, iu its last
issue, is certainly in error when it says
that "the colored brother is making tho
most of his opportunities in Cairo. There
are now three colored candidates for mayor.
The third and the last announced is Henry
Newton, a Baptist preacher, who stumped
that section of the jtate in the interest of
the republican party during tho late presi
dential campaign." Thero is as yet no
colored candidate for mnyor of Cairo.
There are two colored candidates tor city
clerk, and it seems now that this is all
the representation tho colored people of
Cairo will have in the coming city election
Mr. Newton Henry, did express a desire to
announce himself as a candidate for mayor,
but he seems to havu abandoned the- idea.
LIBT Olf LETTEK8 REMAINING UNCALLED
KOH IN TIIK POSTomCK AT CAITtO, ILL.,
KKIDA?, APItIL 8, 1881.
A ken, Addle
Conyera, V. K.
Dunn, Annie E.
Freeman, Phel e
Thomas, Emma 8.
William Mary Jane
PROPRIETOR OP SPROAT'S PATENT
Wholesale Dealer in lee.
ICE BY THE CAR LOAD OR TON.WELL
PACKED FOR SHIPPING.
Cur Loads a Special tv.
o K k i c K :
Cor. Twelfth Street and Leyee,
FLAVORING KX TRACTS.
Natural Fruit flavors,
Prepared from the choicest
Fruits, without coloring, poison
ous oils, acids, or artificial
Essences. Alien uh uniform in
ntrettffth, without unif adultera
tion or impurities. Hare gained
their reputation from their per
fect purl tif, superior strength
and gitalitg. Admitted by all
who have used them aa the most
delicate, grateful and natural
taeor for cakes, puddings,
STEELE & PRICE,
Cliicago, III., ajjd St. Louis, Mo.,
Makera of Lupulin Yeait Gems,
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder,
and Dr. Prioe'a Unique Perfumes.
We make no second grade goods.
OuKltsnutfreotolhoso who wish to on
Kngn In the most pleasant and protltabla
uslness known, Everything new.
Capital not romilrud. Wo will furnish
everything. $ina day and upward is yet
ea v ni.ii, u,iii,.....'. ....i'.. ........
2.n.f . nnslBcaa. Ladle make as much a
- ,BU f0- ,,J;,I"'K''lsmaKOgreatpay. Vo
2M?m!rJ f"J?,i,nnSL to worlc ' to make more
?.2nSyrir' d,y V",n;l, 09 made in a week at any
mm V.WVy. Veugage at once
S'i'tllJI,0,!' i0"?. t0. rttino. Address II.
HALLKTT CO , Portland Maine.
Mr. 8. R. SIcGinnis, of Paducali, Ky.,
was in Cairo yesterday.
Rev. Whitackcr has returned after an
absence of some davs for his health.
Mrs, Ilaunon was reported out of danger
yesterday, which will be glad news to her
Mrs. H. S. Doyle and mother, of Cape
Girardeau, Mo., are in the city, visiting
their relative, Mrs. Boone.
Col. Robert Lowry passed through here
yesterday on Lis way to some town north of
us for the purpose of working in the tem
Rev. E. M. Ilenncsse, a Catholic priest
of Chicago, who had been here a day or
two, left !or his home yesterday morning
Messrs. W. B. Truslow, of Jackson, Tenn.
II. S. Flannery. of Ford's Ferry, Ky., and
C. B. Baker, of St. Louis, Mo., were among
the guests at the Planter's House yesterday
At the Hotel de Winter there were rcg
istered yesterday among others, E.
Daugherty, of St. Louts, Mo.; S.C. Hebard
ir., of Chicago, III.; F. II. Clark, of Dyers
burg, and J. C. Willis, of Metropolis, 111
City Engineer, Charles Thrupp, has been
engaged by the Illinois Central railroad
company to accompany a corpse of en
ginecrs to Souix City and Fort Dodge tor
the purpose of survcj iug a route for a rail
roan, we believe. He will probably leave
llacouT Walter liowman. B. Y.
Carpenter, Joa. I.
I'loson, C, A.
Hutchinson, John M.
Mulcahy, Jame C.
Iteed. W. B.
Heynolds, N, J.
Scbmerker, J. J.
Thomas, .lames T.
Woodward, W. It.
Woodland, Jno. It.
Weagley, J. A.
Wells, Hev. A. C.
I ran, W.H.
Hall, II. I.
O'Brien, Z. H.
Peterson, It. W.
sauis, D. K.
Hhlrey, Ja. E.
Tcvl. Rush II.
Wood wort h,D. H.
Vork tone, It. P.
Person calling for the above mentioned will
please ay advertised. GEO. W. Mc KEAIO,
Miss Deuel dying.
THE &KD OK THE LONd FAST AT HAND
Iowa Citv, Io., April 7. Noon to-dHy
was tire commencement of Miss Hattio
Deuel.s forty-four days of fasting. Her
condition this morning was more favorable,
and she seemed stronger than any one ex
pected. She has failed gradually all day,
and to-night Bhe is very low, although it is
probable that she will live severul hours.
Her pulse is more variable thau at any
time previous, sometimes so weak that it is
impossible to count it.
April 8th, 1881.
Mr. C. O. Patler:
Deau sib We the undersigned, voters
of the Fourth ward, fully recognizing your
worth and zealous endeavors in our interest,
earnestly solicit your consent to your name
being used for re-election for alderman at
the ensuing municipal election.
W. H. Tasteran,
Jno. A. Sullivan,
O. A. Osborn,
P. B. Dugan,
r. W. Worn,
Jno. (). Brewer,
A. W. Wrarrick,
C. F. Stvoboda.
Wm. B. Matthews,
J. W. Campbell,
P. II. Loher,
C. M. Ostcrloh,
Samuel R. Hays,
W. S. Scott,
J. C. Sullivan, M. D.,
And many others whose names are omit
ted for waut of space.
Charged with Coining'.
Spkinupield, III., April 7. Deputy
United States Marshal McCord brought in
this evening from EI Dorado, Saline coun
ty, Anthony Stevenson, Ben Westbrook and
one Steele, charged with counterfeiting
coin, llioy wero sent to jail to await ex
amination by tho United States coramis-
A Terrible Disease.
Galena, 111., April 7.-The disease
known as the spinal meningitis, which made
its appearance at Savannah a few days siuce,
has become epidemic, and every effort is
being put torth by the physicians to arrest
its spreading. Thus far four deaths have
Yankton, D. T., April 7.-The Ico gorge
which has been resisting the onward flow of
water at this point for twenty-four hours
broke to-day and the water is falling rap
idly. Lower Yankton has been submerged
siuce Monday morning. The lower floors
of 200 dwellings, shops and mills were cov
cred irom one to four feet. Much damage
has been done to houses, goods and build
ings. The steamer Pembina broko from
her morings as the ice began to move and
has floated with the current a mile, lodging
on the railroad track where Bhe now seta.
Intelligence from the submerged farming
districts was received last evening. Res
cued parties have been tound ond landc
a 1 - at . ..
iu pmces oi saieiy. Auout I'UO persons
must have perished with the cold and
Hunger bad they not been reached. The
good work still progc9se, and hopes are
entertained that nearly all the ico and water
bound sufferers will be rescued. The wea
ther remains cold, and tho situation bu
comes more serious daily. The fuel sun
ply has been reduced to a minimum and
many kinds of provisions are running short.
A iresnet lias swept away thousands of
cords of wood, and to-day not a single cord
is for sale in this market.
Mn. Wm. E. Colles, Superintendent of
the Washburn Iron Combany, Worcester,
Mass., remarks: All I can say in regard to
St. Jacobs Oil is,that it is the btt remedy I
havo ever seen. It has boon used in the
ron Woras, with wonderful results nmom?
mv men tor burns, cuts." bruises, anraitm
etc., and never failed to help them. I shall
never do witnout it In my house.
"To sum it up. six loner vears of . bod.
rumen stcKness, costing f()0 per year,
total 1,200 all of this expense was stop
ped by three bottles of Hop Bitters, taken
by my wife. She has done her own
housework for a year since, without the loss
of a day, ami I want everybody to know
it, for their benefit." N. E. Farmer.
Dr. Klino'u Great Nerve Restorer is tho
marvel of the ago for all Nctve Diseases,
All fits stopped free. Send to 031 Arch
street, Philadelphia, Penn.
On Time as Usual.
Jones now goes to business reuularlv.
That attack of Neuralgia that laid him up,
and which was only a fresh visitation of an
Id enemy, disappeared, because ho took a
friends advice and used Dr. Thomas' Ec
lectric Oil. Rheumatic pain, sores, cuts,
bruises, throat and lung complaints, etc..
are invariably conquered by it.
To Persons About to Marry.
"To persons about to marry," Douglass
Jerrold's advico was, "Don't" wo supple
ment by saying; without laying in a supply
of Spring Blossom, which cures Albuminaria
and Kidney and Bladder compluiuta. Prices :
f 1, 00 cents, and trial bottles 10 cents.
The man who deniod that tho earth was
round, was the same lunatic who neglected
to take Dr. Thomaa' Eclectrio Oil for his
soro chest and lungs last month. Teaco to
his ashes. Hd was an idiot, but we hope
he had a Christian burial.
The Mound Buildors
Throughout a large portion of the
Mississippi valley the remains of a for
mer race of inhabitants are found, of
whoso origin and history we have no
record, and who are only known to us
by the relies that are found in the tum
uli which they havo left. The mound
builders were a numerous people, en
tirely distinct from the North American
Indians, and they lived so long before
tho latter that they are not known to
them even by tradition. They were
industrious and domestic in their habito,
and the finding of Inrgo sea shells,
which must have been brought from the
Gulf of Mexico, if not from more distant
shores, proves that they had communi
cation and trade with other tribes. Per
haps the most interesting fact connected
with this ancient peoplo is that they had
a wrlttou language. This is proved by
minis iiiii-i men ulniois mai nave oeen
discovered in the mounds, the most im
portant of which belong to the Daven
port academy of sciences. These tab
let have attracted great attention from
archa-ologists, and it is thought they
will sometime prove of great value as
records of the people who wrote them.
It is still uncertain whether the language
was generally understood by the ruoumi
btiilders, or whether it was confined to
a few persons ot high rank. In the
mound where two of theso tableU were
discovered the bones of a child were
found, partially preserved by contact
vvHii a mru nomiier oi copper DCilUS,
and oh copper wua a rare and precious
motal witli them, it would seem that the
mound in question was used for burial
of persons of high rank. The inscrip
tions havejnol beou deciphered, for uc
key to them has yet been found; we are
totally ignorant of the derivation of tho
langu.igo of its nllinities with other
written languages. The mound build
ers lived while the mammoth and the
mastodon were upon the earth, as is
clearly proved by the carvings upon
some of their efaborato stono pipes.
From the size and other peculiarities of
the pipes, it is inferred that smoking
was not habitual with them, but that
it was reserved as a sort of ceremonial
observance. Our knowledge of the
habits and customs of tho mound-build
ers is very incomplete, but it is suffic
ient to snow tlial at least a pail of this
country was oni-o inhabited by a peo
ple who have passed away without leav
ing so much ns a tradition of their exist
ence, and who tiro only known to us
through the silent relics which have been
interred for centuries. A people utter
ly forgotten, a civilization totally lost
was it though a great catastrophe in the
history of the world, or was the ceaseless
struggle for cxistenco so severe that
they finally succumbed and passed
There are eighteen hundred periodi
cals pitblnlinil in l'ninee. Paris has
four hundred and sixty-thiw, of which
seventy are daily political journals.
"Customer "Those cigars 1 bought
here yesterday were inigh'y bad."
Dealer-"Bad? Why, sir. I've sold
thousands and thousands of those ci
gars, and you're the first one to find
fault with them." Customer "I don't
know nnythiiiir about that, but I know
that when I tried to smoke " Deal
er "Ah, I see, I see! That's where vou
made a mistake. I supposed that vou
wanted them to treat your friends with.
I thought thero must be some mistake
Something About Soldering.
Milk pans, pnils, and many other tin
household utensils, will get leaky and
need repairing. Biu of rags and splin
ters of wood, etc., give temporary
amendment in certain enscs; but tho
permanent method is to uso solder. A
soldering "kit" consist.s of a solderin
iron of copper, weighing about twelve
ounces; a flat ten-inch tile, rather
coarse, a scraper, and a three-square
file, ground to three scraping edges for
an inch from the point. A bottlo of
soldering fluid will also be required,
and a littlo rosin and some sal-immoni-ac.
Last and not least, a fow sticks of
solder. Directions for soldering: The
"iron" must first bo tinnod, that is,
covered with a thin coat of solder. To
do this, heat tho iron somewhat above
tho melting point of solder. File one
sido of the hoveled portion smooth,
and touch it immediately with rosin
and soldering fluid, and then with
solder, and wipo smooth with a rag.
Filo and "tin" the remaining portion.
Whon done, the surface should be com
pletely covered with solder. Another
way is to heat tho iron nearly to red
ness, and rub it upon the sal-nmmoniao
with soldor in contact, when no tiling
will bo necessary. This tinuiticr must
bo repeated whenever tho thin coatino-
of solder is removed by overheating of
the iron, which Istiuite likelv to occur.
Now to the work. Whenever it is if.
sired to attaeh solder, tho parU must be
clean. If tho surfaco is not alroady
bright and clean it must bo mado an hv
all means. Here the scraper will gen
erally bo of uso. Having scranod th
surface apply wilh a stick some of the
soldering fluid, or, instead of thn nht.
cring fluid, some rosin, to the parts
to bo soldered. Meanwhile thn Iron
ias been' heating In the cook.ntnv nni
too hot, for then the solder is too fluid
and you can not pick up a portion with
the point of tho iron. Take the iron .
from the lire, with a rag, or dip momeu-
luiuy mio a wcaK solution of sal-ammoniac.
Touch the iron to the solder;
if the boat is right a small portion ad
heres, and Is placed upon the spot
where it will do the most rood. Tho
tondency to use too much solder should
bo guarded against. If the iron is not .
hot enough, warm it some more. The
Iron must remain in contact where the
sohlor is to stick until the surrounding
parts are at the temperature of molted
older. With the above utensils and
directions almost any person can "
mend a milk pan or ordinary uten
sil, though there would be much of
soldering still to learn. Old tomato
cans would be good to practice on until
the l.rt is acquired.