Newspaper Page Text
THE . DAILY CAIRO B CJLLETIN.
THE TWENTY-FIRST ANNUAL STATEMENT OF THE
OP THE UNITED STATES, 120 BROADWAY, NEW YOKK.
HENRY IJ. HYDE, President.
FOR THE YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 1880.
A mount or Liihiih iMKiTK, Jan. 1.
Interest (i nd rents
Net profit on Investment.
. 1I.716.IW7 0.",
Claim, by death and matured endow
Dividends, surrender values, and an
nuities Discounted endiiwineul and matured
178 .m fd
Total paid policy-holders . . .
Dividend no capital
Agencies and camnilnslous
Mate, count and city taxes.........
7,0 1 (JD
Set cash assets, Dec. 31, lti&O
Bond, and mortgages -
f 38,H,BH W
I IMUHl libite IUCU...nni.rni...
State stocks, city stocks, and .lock,
authoiir.wl by th. law. of the state
of New Vork . ..
Loans cured by bonds and storks.
it.nl estate In New Vork and ilumon
and purehaned uuder foreclosure..
C'anU on baud In liank. and other di
po.itoriv. n interest and In tmin-lt
1)U3 from amenta on account of pre
2.1H.J.' frj SI
$ ;tt,t.!)W fti
Market value of stocks and bond
Interest and rents due and accrued .
I'retulum. due and In process of
collection I less premium, paid In
Deferred premium! -
Total a.aetn, Dec. 31, 1449 $ 41,1 8,tt 3i
Total liabilities including lecal re
serve for reinsurance of all exist
ing policies I 3I.8H0.30S 11
Total undivided surplus $ B.tfH :il
Of which belongs (as computed) to
palicle.ia general cla,-s.
which belongs (a. eomnuted) to
poilciea In UinUne ela ...... l.Wi.iT) 01
Rik Assumed in 1880,835,170.1105 00
Risks OutsUndin? - $177,597,703 00
ENERAL DELIVEltY open :3U a. m.;cloie.
I tl:3u p.m.i Sunday: 8 toll a. m.
Money Order Department open at 8 a.m.; cloiei
Tbmugh Expre.a Mailt via Illlnoia Central 3:40
Mta.lr.lppl Central Railroad, clo.e at 8 p. m.
Cairo and Poplar Bluff Through and Way Mall
clone at 1 p. m.
Way Mail via Illlnol. Central. Cairo and Vtn
renne. and Ml.a.t.lppl Central Railroad, cloae at
l:4.'i p. Ui.
Way Mall for Narrow Gauge Railroad clo.e. at
8:30 1. m.
Cairo and Bvan.vllle River Route cloaea at
p. m. daiiy (except Friday!.
M ayor N. B. Thi.tlewood.
Treaaurer Edward Deaonta.
Clerk Dennl.. J, Foley.
Counaelor Wm. B. Gilbert.
Marshal J. H. Robin. on.
BOARD or iLDIKHX.
Flr.t Ward M. J Howley. Peter Sanp.
Second Ward-David T. Llnegar, Jeaae Hiuklc.
Third Ward-Egbert 8mlth. B. K, Blake.
Fourth Ward-Cbarlea O. Patter, Adolph Swo-
'"Flfih Ward-T. W. Hallldav, Brne.t B. Pettlt.
Circuit Judge I). J. Baker.
Circuit Clerk-A. 11. Jrvin.
County Judge H. S Y'ocum.
County l'lerk-S. J. Ilumni.
County Attorney J. M. Daiuron.
County Treaaurer-Milea W. Parker.
( orouer-lt. Fitzgerald. ,,.
County Commllonera-T. W. Halllday, J. A.
(ilbb. and Samuel Brlley.
CVIRO B VPTIST. Tempera'ice hall on Tenth
'.ireet; preaching flr-t and third Sunday In
nci mouth. 11 a m. anu nip. m-, iijt "'
....p ..,,. reiiin m. ; Sunday achool, 9:30 a.m.
CUUHCII OF THE REDEEMER Eplcopa1)
Fourteenth atreet; Sunday Morulnu prayer
Ui :) a. m.j evening prayera,7:30 p. m.; Sunday
.chool V :30 a. m. Friday evening prayer 7 :. p. m.
lIKHT MISSIONARY BAPTIST CHCRCU.
T Preaching at 10:30 a. n... p. m., and 1 ' :30 p. m.
Sabbath achool at 7:30 p. tu Rev. T. J. Shore.,
JUTHERAN Thirteenth street; .ervlcea Sab
J bath 1:30 a. m.i Sunday achoolip.ni. Rev.
MKTHODIST-Cor. Elghtr- and Walnnt .treeta;
Preaching Sabbath 10:.) a. m, and 7 p. m.j
orayer meeting, Wednesday 7:30 p. m.i Sunday
School, 9 a. m. Rev. Whlttaker, pa.tor.
PRESBYTERIAN-EltrUth itreets preaching on
Sabbath at 11:00 a. m.and 7:) p. m.i prayer
meeting Wednesday at 7:30 p.m.-, Sunday School
at 3 p. ni. Rev. B. V. Geore, pastor.
ST. JOSEPH'8-(Rotnan Catholic) Corner Crosa
and Walnut atreets; services Sabbath 10:80 a.
n. i Sunday School at 8 p. ta. i Vespers 3 p. m. i aer
rices every day at 8 p. m.
ST. PATRlCK'8-( Roman Catholic) Corner Ninth
street and Washington avenues wry10 b:
bath b and 10. m. i Vespers 3 p. m. i I Sunday Hch.)
5 p. m. services every day at b p.m. Rev. Mitstcrsoii
J)R. E. W. WHITLOCK,
Orrma-No. ISA Commercial Avonuo, between
Elglitb and Ninth Street
jQR. W. C. JOCELYN,
OFKICE-Elghtk Street, near Com' err.lat Avenue.
EORGE II. LEAC1I, M. D.,
Physician and Surgeon.
fipoclal attention paid to tbo Ilomnnpalhle treat
ment of surgical diseases, and disease of women
Ofllee: No. 10 Rightli stroet, near Commercial
avenue, Cairo, Ilia.
From the undivided surplus, reversionary divi
dend, will be declared, available on settlement of
poUciei"1111' 1"'0"''UIU, tu orull""'y participating
The valuation of tlio policies outstanding baa
been made on the American experience table, the
legal standard of the state of New York.
J . U. VAN L'IHE, Actuaries.
We, the undersigned, have, In person, carefully
examined the account., and counted and examined
in detail the aa.et. of the aociety, and certify that
the fongolug statement thereof I. correct.
DKNKINUTON K. HANDULPU,
JAMKS M. HALHTKD.
TIIWMAS A. CUMMINS,
HENKV 8, TKKBKLL,
u , , r JOHN SLOAN K.
Bpcclul Committee of the Board of Directors,
appointed Oct. ir7,lSH0, to examine the asset
and account, at the clo.e of the year.
Henry B. Hyde, John A. Stewart.
Oeorge D. .Morgan,
ieorgc T. A dee,
lUtiry A. Hurlbut,
l: 5ry F. Hpauldlntfr
John I) June..
Hubert Lenox Kennedy,
H njamio William. on,
1 ...lam ii. rogg,
William A. Wheelock,
William (i. Lambert,
Henry O. Maroiand
Jame. W. Alexander,
Henry H. Terliell
Thomit. H, Young,
Thomas A. (.'nmnilris,
Daniel D. Lord,
Jame. M. Halstead,
Kdward W. Hlmbert,
Jl. V. Itindolph,
Henry N. Butler,
Oeorge H. blew art.
iiHiiry n. Alexander,
K. ltoudinot Colt,
Tboma. A. Biddle,
(ieorge W. Carleton,
George (i. Kellogg,
J one K. Navarro,
John J. MrL'ook.
Stephen II. i'hllllpa,
Samuel V. Torrey,
Alexander P. Irvln,
Wlll am M Dili...
William Alexander. I
Samuel (j. Goodrich
JAMES W. ALEXANDER. Vice Pres't.
.SAMUEL BOHUOWE, 2d Vice IWt.
E. W. Lambert, M. D., Edw'd Curtis, M. D.
E. W. Scott, Superintendent of Agencies.
North Western Department.
I'M Dearborn Street. Chicago.
W. N. CRAINE, General Manager.
E. A. BURNETT, A?pnt,
NEW YOKK STORE,
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
The Largest Variety Stock
IX THK CITY.
GOODS SOLD VERY CLOSE
C. O. PATIER & CO.,
Cor. Nineteenth street Poi'm Til
Commercial Avenue Vtlll Uj 111.
STOVES AND TINWARE.
ALL SORTS, SIZES AND STYLES,
Manufacturer ot and Dealer in
TIN, COITER & SnEET-IRON WARE
ALL KINDS OF JOB WORK DONE TO ORDER.
NO. 27 EIGHTH STREET,
rpiIE CITY NATIONAL BANK
W. P. HALLIDAY, President.
II. L. UAI.L1DAY, Vice-President.
X 1108. W. HALLIDAY, Cashier.
. ST A ATS TATMR, W. P. HAIXTDAT,
UINHT L. IIAI.I.IIUT, R. H. Cl'NNINUHAM,
a. u. sriu. iamhon, btkpuin bihu,
B. B. CANDKI.
Exchange, Coin and United States Bonds
BOUGHT AND BOLD.
Deposits received and a general banking bnslnesa
Commercial Avenue and Eighth Street.
F. RROSS, President.
P. N EFK, Vlr.o-Presldont.
T.J. KERTU, Assistant Cashier.
F. Bross. Cairo; William Klngo.Calro; .
Peter Neff. Cairo; William Wolf, Cairo:
C. M. Ostcrloh, Cairo; C. O. Palter, Cairo:
K. A, Budur, Cairo: J.Y.Cleinsou, Calodtmlat
U. Wells, Cairo.
A GENKHAL BANKING BUSINESS DONE.
iv Exchange sold and bought. Interest paid In
the Savlnus llopartmniit. tJollertlous made and
an uusiuest promptly attouaeu to,
CAIRO. ILLINOIS. TUESDAY MORNING, MAY 31,
TlrlE lOIi JCING.
Ready now, to fiirnl.li and deliver ICE In any
quantiiy both wholesale and retail, and at
liOCK BOTTOM PRICES.
I respectfully solicit the patrol a of all my old
friend, and a. many new ones, und gimrtnleeihem
autlafactlon. JA( 0B KI.KE.
PROPRIETOR OF SPROAT'S PATENT
Refrigerator Oars, .
Wholesale Dealer in Ice.
ICE BYTnE CAR LOAD OR TpN.TLl
TACKED FOR SHIPPING.
Car Loads a Specialty.
o v i c K ;
Cor. Twelfth Street and Levee,
MILL AND COMMISSION.
FLOUR. ORAIN AND HAY
Egyptian Flouring Mills
IliarbeBt Cash Price Paid for WLeat.
Qt W. WHEELER,
Summer Wood and Kindlinp:
constantly on band
At Seventy-five cents per load.
At one dollar per load.
The "trlmnilngs"are coarse shavings ai.d make
the best summer w ood for cooking purposes as well
a the cheapest ever sold In Cairo, ror black
mlih's use in selling tires, they are unequalled
Leave your orders at the Tenth street wood yard.
While other Baking Vowdtlts
(Ire largely adulterat-ed wJth
Alum ami other hurtful tlnuj,
has been kept unchanged in all
its original pnrittf and strength ',
The best evidence of its safetj,
and effectiveness is the fact ofiU
having received the highest testi
monial from the most eminent
chemists in the United States
who have analysed it, from its
introduction to the present time!
TJtere are no powders that beart
higher chemical tests, nor ang
that show so good results by the
TEST OF THE OVEN.
It is a pure Fruit Acid Baking
l'otvder. Made by
STEELE & PRICE,
Cldcago, 111., and St. Louis, ilo.,
Manufacturer of Lapnlin Yoatt
Ge-mi, Dr. Prioe's Special Flavoring
Extract!, and Dr. Price' Unique
rpAX PURCHASER'S NOTICE.
To Brown and Athorlon, or any oilier person,
nn hm hi.puhv nniirleit th!. at a mild of real en-Jll
tate in the county of Aleiander and slate of IU1- rcsscd. Asa reliable curative for rrmm
n'ols, held by tho county collector ol suld couuty, 1 . : 7, I0 "0UJP
at tho south-wuaterlydoorof tho court houso, in the children, soro throat and bronchial af
city of Cairo, in suld county and state, on the i stuh ictions, and as a positivo external remedy
u.j in neniemiier, A. U. INi'J. eamea m. vtbik
purchasodthofollowlnildescrlhed real estate, sit-
der and stale of Illinois, for the taxes duo and un
paid thoreon for thu years A. 1). 1875, 1H7II, 1877 ant
uatea in thn inm. r it.,iiv. rmuitv or Alexan
io, n, loKumer with pun
lituther with mmalile. and costs: said real
estate bulnu taxed fu the name of Drown & Atber
ton, to-wlt: Lots numbered two(lJ),roiir(4),flve(5).
six (I!) and seven (7) In block numbered six (8). And
you will furl her take notlco Unit thetluio allowed
by law fur tho redemption of snld rial estate
will expire on tho UOlh day of September, A.
D.1H81. JAMKH M. CUAIO,
Cairo, III., May Slit A. D. 1881. Purchaser.
Tbo county Sunday school convention ot
Bond county is to be held on the 10th and
and 17th of June.
Considerable- damage was done by wind,
at Peoria, Wednesday evening.
William Stuhha was killed by a fall of
coal in amine nt Streator, Thursday.
Tho Tuscola high school graduated nine
pupils at its commencement. May 20.
The commencement exorcises at McKcn
dree college, Lebanon, begins on June 2.
William Odcll, tor twenty-nine years a
resident of Rockford, is dead, at the ago ot
Pickpockets relieved John
Wealthy farmer of Do Witt
: Over 10,000 tickets were sold for tho af
ternoon exhibition of Forepaugh's show at
. .'Pittafleld pportmen are practicing at
glnss-hall shootiDg and are about to organ
ize a gun club.
Near Charleston, on the 2.1th, James
Skidmore's barn was struck by lightning
A broken rail threw several freight cars
into the ditch on the Chicago & Alton, uear
The armory of the Second regiment,
Illinois National Guard, was dedicated at
Six cases of small-pox have been discov
ered in one lamily at Rockford. The au
thorities have taken the matter in hand.
The barn and
other out buildings of
near Somonauk, were
. Loss, fSOO; insurance,
The Ancient Older of Free Gardeners
is about to build u commodious hall at
Braidwood, where the order is in a flourish
The Sterling Beobachter, edited by Carl
Strack, at Sterling, has been sold to Mr. I.
Ostricher, of Chicago, who will continue
its publication at Sterling.
Edward F. Nowland, a resident of Peo-
ne since 1835, died there Thursday at the
age of 71. He built two of the largest of
the distilleries of Peoria.
Grant Clarkson, while fishing in the
Vermillion river, near Danville, Thursday,
was taken with an epileptic fit, tell into
the water and was drowned.
Jue Uecaturcoal shaft is now down 5-J5
feet, and it is expected that the large coal
vein, C08 foot below the surface, will .bo
reached in alwut six weeks.
A man, well known as "One-Armed
Johnny," was run over by a tiain on the
Chicago & Eastern railway, in Danville,
Thursday, and died in about three hours
At the twenty-second commencement of
the State Normal school, at Normal, Thurs
day evening, there were twenty-three
graduates, twelve young ladies and eleven
In the circuit court at Decatur,
Thursday, Mrs. Lomira Coates, late of Ohio
got a verdict of $1,200 against the Wabash
Road, as damages for injuries received
tho Union depot in that city, last Fehru
ine Illinois Association ot congrega
tionahsts, in session at Champaign, passed
a resolution that the time has arrived for
appealing to benevolent individuals to con
tribute towards this object.
William batter, an aged and prominent
citizen of Vermilion county, was found
Thursday lying in his pasture in an uncon
scious condition. Ho was severely bruiset
in several places, and it is supposed that his
injuries were inflicted by a vicious bull
kept on the premises.
A Standard Article Everywhere.
It is a lontr way from the Atlantic, to tin.
raciiic and from lUaino to tho Gulf of
Mexico, but in all the vast area lyinir with-
1 It . . . a O
imnoso uouuuaries there is not a city,
a town, village settlement or camp where
llostetter's Stomach Bitters is not well
known and in irrcat demand. It is thn
great household medicine of tho American
people, and is taken everywhere as a safe
guard against epidemics and endemics, as a
...1.. 1 - ,1 , .... 1 . .
lummy tor uyspepsia, uiuousucss and ir
regularities ot tho bowels, (is a euro for
chills and fever and rheumatic ailments, as
a sedativo m nervous cases, as a wholesome?
exhilitrant in hypochondria, and as a pen-
oral mvigornnt and restorative. To the
weak and drooping it imparts strength and
vitality, bracing tho relaxed nerves aud
rousing all the latent energies ut tho system.
For years it has been the standard tonic
and corrective of tho western world.
A Friend in Need.
Time over and strain Thomas' EclnRtrlc
ll US Droved a Sit Utitrv friend to tlin ilia.
. si j nnvnr Tallin- nt,1.,l
F P""1' novcMaihng niltldotc.
aul G. Scliuh, agent.
A good stock of paper, exprestly for
jktograph use, for salo at Tub Bulletin
Hoontkd varnishod, aud paper maps of
ffo for salo, at Tn Bulletin office
A tailor was startled tho other day by
tho roturn of a bill which ho had sont
to an editor, with a notice that the
'manuscript was respectfully declined."
New York Evening Express.
The Beautiful Lopez.
One of tho most beautiful and cele
brated women in Paris is Mrue. Lopez,
widow of the dictator of Paraguay. Few
liavo such a strango and evontf til career,
and spring from obscurity to a position
of almost absoluto power. When in
Paraguay her rulo was undisputed. Sho
lived in a palace and reigned a queen.
Sho is very tall, has a fair complexion,
largo bluo eyes, an abundance of light
brown hair, and a commanding figure.
Mme. Lopez has a striking rescmblanco
to Eugonlo and, indeed, has often been
mistaken for tho ex-empress. Sho en
tertains beautifully, with great dignity
and grace, making each guest bolievo
he is the favored one. Sho speaks many
languages, all without accent Mnio.
Lopez is very bravo, and duringthe war
in Paraguay follouod tho fortunes of tho
soldiors, sharing their food and walking,
as they did, with barcfeet, thinking tho
troops would bo braver and surer of
success if the wifo of their commander
shared their hardships. Sho went
through tho war, and when her husband
fell dead at her feet sho was covered
with his blood. There was no timo for
tears. Sho took command, and, turn
ing to tho soldiers, bado them tire on
tho enemy. With her husband fell an
old comrade of his, and on tho battle
field Mme. Lopez promised the dying
man to bo a ruothor to his orphan girl
a promise sho has nobly kept Tho
causo was lost, and with her sons and
daughter tho bravo woman fled to Paris.
Sho is a devoted mother and lives only
for the future of her sons.
In Nowport tho other day a ministers'
wifo was presented with a $10 sewing
machine, and tho donation party did
not eat up $50 worth t f provisions eith
er. This is a year of surprises.
A mairlcd lady doclincd to toll n maid
en sister any of her troubles, saying:
"When ignoranco is blis-i, 'tis folly to bo
wise." "Yes," replied the sister, "and
rvocomoto tho conclusion that when
singleness is bliss, 'tis folly to bo wives."
Wilmington,, Del.) Dully II publlcuu
A great name has been made by St. Ja
cobs Oil in Wilmington. Aiming the latest
cures that it has ell'ected is that of John
Lumpen, residing at 201 East Third street.
Mr. Lungren is well and favorably known in
Wilmington. He is 72 years of age and
said that about 45 years ago ho cut his
foot, scalping oil' the top down tu the Imre
joints. The cut developed into acute
rheumatism from which he at times suffer.
ed the most excruciating pain from his
A d. . t t . 1 r .
iocb up to ins tieau. no lost many a
nights sleep and many a days work on ac
count of it, Hearing that St. Jacobs Oil
was making many cures, lie purchased a
bottle. The first application relieved him
i i. i... . i ... ...
iwi't m; mi iiltii tjetting oetier ever since.
I lie rheumatism has entirely left him.
Found at Last.
i-i...i .. i ..I.
m nui i'vii line niiiitiiii nave ami never
oo without, is 'I humus' Eclectric Oil. It is
thorough and safe in its effects, nroihminrr
ine iuoki wondrous cures ol r heumat sin.
. . . " : ' -a
neuralgia, burns, bruises, aud wounds of
AFitit an, a gentle purgative is the best
means of curinar homlnrhe, liver complaint,
uiiioiisness, Ui; "boilers' Liver Pills.'
Lvdia E. Pjnkiiam's Vegetable Com-
pouud is a remarkable remedy for all those
painiui complaints and weaknesses so com
mon to our best leiinle population. Send
to Mrs. Lydia E. Pinkham, 2:W Western
Avenue, Lynn, .Mass., for pamphlets.
Nearly a Miracle.
h. Assenitli I nil, JJinghamtnn, N. Y.,
writes: "I suffered for several months
Willi a dull pain through left lung and
shoulders. I lost my spirits, appetite and
color, and could with difficulty keen tin nil
day. My mother procured some Burdock'
Jjiooci Uitters; I took them as directed, and
.wi ii., (ntiu emeu ur.si wcck alter
using them, and am now quite well
Price 11.00, trial size 10 cents.
Stop That Cough.
ii you are suiiering with a cough, cold,
asthma, bronchitis, hay fever, consumption,
loss of voice, tickling in tho throat, or any
omnium in uiu inroai or itinL's, use Dr
ivuis new uiscovcry tor consumption.
This is the great remedy that is causing so
uiui:ii incitement ny its womlcrlul cures,
ctinng thousands of hopeless cases. Over
one million bottles of Pr. h'inir's New Dis-
covery have been used within the last year,
and have given perfect satisfaction in every
instance. We can iinhesitatinrrlv sav tlmr
this is really the only sure cure for throat
and lung nllections. and can cheerfully
recommend it to all. Call and uet n trial
bottle free of cost, or a recular size for 1.
For sale by George E. Ollarn, Druggist,
Cairo, 111. (;n
Dr. Kline's Great Nerve Restorer is thn
marvel of tho ago for all Nerve Diseases.
All fits stopped free. Send to :tl Arch
street, Philadelphia, Perm.
TJ-.I t . a . I a . I
r.vus to do Avoided.
Over eating is in one sense as productive
of evil ris intemperance in drinking. Avoid
both, and keep the blood purilled with Bur
dock Blood Hitters, nud you will bo reward.
ed with robust health and an invigorated
system. Price $1.00, trial sizo 10 cents.
To all who uro sufferim? from tl
and indiscretions of vouth.nervous wnuUnu
early decay, loss of manhood, etc., I will
send a recipe that will euro you, freo of
charge. This great remedy was discovered
by a Missionary in South A mirlon H,
a self-addressod onvolopo to tho Rev. Joseoh
. I..U..IU, omuiiii f, new lorK (Jjyi
Had blood alwavs catmca tninlii,.. it
may bo a family fight or boils, pimples,
itch, tetter, &c; but no matter, "Dr. hind
Hey'B lllood Searcher" is tho euro all.
NEW SEUIES-NO. 289
Tunneling the English Channel.
Progress has boon reported in the
work of constructing a railway tunnel
under tho Straits of Dover between Eng
land and Franco. The operations have
so far been conducted with satisfactory
results, and tho managers of tho enter
prise are hopeful of final success, al
though it is altogoihor too early to
speak with any contidonco, as tho point
where tho real dillicultics of tho under
taking may bo looked for havo not yet
Tho feasibility of tunneling under tho
bed of the English Channel, between
Dover and Calais was asserted many
years ago by engineers of experience.
The ground for their belief was tho
identity of tho geological formation of
the opposing shores, and othor eviden
ces of a continuity of tho geological for
mation common to both sides. Sound
ings niado at very short intervals ulong
tho lino between tho opposing hoai
lands confirmed this theory. Tho chalk
bluffs on both sides of tho channel rest
upon bluo ci ty, and the lower part of
tho chalk formation, to a great thick
ness, is of a clayey character, sufficient
Iv impervious to water to permit boring.
The sounding showed this formation To
extend across from shore to shore, de
scending gradually to a depth of 180
feet below lii,gh water in mid-channel,
and rising at the samo gradient to tho
In 1 872 a company was organised to
muko a lunnol that would permit mil
way transit under tho twenty-ono miles
of water between tho two countries at
their nearest approach to each other.
Preliminary surveys were made and
tho results presented to tho Govern
ments of Franco and England with ap
peal for countenance and acid. A joint
commission was appointed to investi
gate on behalf of the two Governments.
Concessions wer8 subsequently obtained
from both countries, with assurance
that if private enterpriso should demon
strate tho practicability of tho undcr,
taking, material aid would bo furnished'.
With this encouragement work was be
gun. Trial shaft wero sunk on both
shores to doterniino tho character and
thickness of tho chalk formation inten
ded to be pierced. It was determined
to follow the line of tho lower or "gray"
chalk of a depth of 200 feet below tho
bed of the channel at tho lowest point
of the lino.
These preliminaries occupied several
yours. hen all preparations had been
made, tho work upon tho tunnol was
commenced. Tho plan proposed is to
follow by a descending tunnel tho nat
ural eastward dip of tho gray chalk to
ward Dover, until tho depth of 200 feet
below tho sea-bed is reached, and then
to push straight across tho chaunel
with a horizontal passage-way until tho
opposite shore is reached. Tho tunnel
will then sweop around and ascend to
tho surface by an incline, following tho
dip of tho chalk formation as on tho
English sido. Tho gray chalk is in this
method entered and followed in its nat
ural position throughout, from daylight
on ouo side of tho channel to daylight
on tho other. It is proposed to carry a
circular bore, seven feet in diameter,
from sido to side, when this has been
accomplished, the two Governments
agreo to subsidize the work, that it may
bo cnlar-rod to tho dimensions rpnnmul
for practical operation.
The cutting is dono by a borino- ma
chine advancing half nn inch amiri.
ute. The horizontal bore has
but a short distance bevorid low.wntni
tide level on tho English side, and it is
not yet known whether diflieiiliies maw
bo expected from lets of water fmvlmr
their way through cracks and fissures?
Tho problem which tho first borin" is
intended to solvo is tho possible and
feared existence of a break or fault In
tho chalk about midway of tho channel,
causing a ucep nssttro. Should this ex
ist, all hopo of tunnel communication
would bo at an end. With tho borimr
continued uneoasingly at tho present
maximum rate of sixty feet a day, it
will bo considerable time heforn thn
tea and a half miles of midcliannel aro
oored through and the existence or non.
existence of the dreaded, central fissuro
At the Lehiffh fPa. lYeshvtnrp
ministorostimated that thedenomination
Used about 200 barrels of wino an
nually for communion; and tho use
of grapo juice instead of wino wis ilis.
The Philosophy of Smelling.
The senso of smell oecupios Itself with
gases; for thoso alone can gain access
to tho organ, or cause tho sensation of
smoll. Lest tho reader should supposo
this statcniont opposed to tho testimony
of his experience, from tho well known
fact that solids, such as codar wood,
camphor and musk, excite the sensation
of smell, whilo ordinary scents aro pre
served and carried about in a liquid
form, it must bo explained that these
substances contain volatilo essential
principles which, on freo exposure to
tho air, aro slowly given off in a state of
vapor. Somo solids clvo off
of their substance iu a stato of vapor
without first becoming liquid, as is or-
,lirtn,.tl 41. a fl'V. ... ... . ...
,uu"'j i;iiau, j mis snow, which,
coats tho earth in winter, will diminish
daily oven though tho air is frosty, and
thoro is no melting process golnir 0n.
In other cases, as iu codar wood", oils
naturally volatilo seem tobolonsr on-
tangioiiiu tho solid matter, and but
Blowly rendered to tho tdrj but their
odoriferous power is so great that very
small portions of them produce strong
porfumos. This is sometimes truly won
derful. Dr. Carpontor statos that a
grain ot musk may bo freely oxposcd to
io air for ten years, during which timo
It perfumes tho wholo surrounding air;
vot when weighed, thoro Is no poreepti
bio loss observed. Matters which exhalo
odorous emanations ure detected at a
grout distance, from tho tendency of
gases to pass through and diffuso them
selves equally throughout all other gas
es. Thus, though thoro bo but a very
small escape of coal gas in opo part of
tho room, it soon announces itself to tho
noso in every corner of tho apartment.
This is a faculty peculiar to gases, and
produces many luterestlng rosult.