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RTING TO HOID DOWNN
IARL BAKING POWDEfoJ
PURE CREAM TARTAR.
If Alum or any Injur' msMiltaiiceBCii lm fomul
lii Andrews' l'oarl linking Powder. Is it
tively PURE. liciiiK cndon-ed, Hint testimonials
received Irimi such clicmi-ls tvsS, lmim Hays. H.
tun; M. IHliifoiiittiiit', ol (.'lib lino; Hti.l OusUivus
bmli!, Milttiinkiv. Ncversolit in Imlk.
C. E. ANDREWS A CO.
Mii-hiitim Av. '.7. JJ & -.d t. Water
Ppter's Ride to the Wedding.
rilOM AN ANCIENT KK.UIINO HOOK.
IVtt-r would riile to the w.d linif lie would
So ho mounted to a. mid lm wlfo
hrt us to ride lioliunl if he could.
"Kor," Miys I'l lci, "the unman, lii' should
Follow, not loud, through lilc"
"Hi'' in ihty convenient, tut- nss, tuy dear,
And lii-opi-i-, and n!c, and iiow
You liW t v the till', winlf t hold by Jhe ear,
Anl we'll ride to the kirk in lime, never four,
If the wind uiid the weather allow."
The wind and the woathrr wen? not to be
Hut the htel adopted tbt- wblin.
That two at a time a Lavl never framed
Kor the lack of one ass, and be seemed unite
That two should sib lt tat upon him.
Vonie. PoM'in," says IVter, "I'm thinking
"I'm ihliiltin w won't," hv tb n-,
A laiiifU'iie tif coo'liu t. and stuck to the "not
S if in h ut sworn h would vu;r be t-bot
Thau litt una lu In in the cra-.
fuvs I'cti r, niv lie, "1 11 whip him a little."
"Try it. my dmr," ny ho
But Uo mit't Just s well buve whipped a brass
Th us was made f mil h 'istinate mettle
Tbut never a step nnned be.
"I'll prb lt him, my dear, with a needle," iays
"I'm thinkin.t he'll n'ti-r hi- tntnd."
Tht A feit the needie and up went his bcls:
Tin tbinkiiu," tuy IVter, "he's bonmnmif to
Some uotion of moving behind."
"Now lend me the needle, ami I'll prick hi
And jet t'other end to aolnir."
Tte felt. th needle, and upwards he reiir-.;
And kicking and remain ns all it appeared
He'd any intention of domtr.
Pay Peter, tnyq h, "we t-f on rather slow;
While one oud la up, t'other sticks to the
But I'm tbuikmif a method to rnova him I
Give the creature a Mart all around."
ts) said, so done; all hands were m work.
And the tint he did niter hit mind
Kor he started away with o midden a Jerk
That in le than a trice lie arrived at the kirk.
But be left ail bis lading hehtud.
NAMES OP STATE3.
Their Origin and Si&ninanc Fjmihar Mean
ing Questioned and MisfAKi-i Corrir led
Only One Coininunwralth Called tor its
Pounder Cire.it Dutnverrrs Who
Migtit Hare Bmn but Are Not
From a paper on 1J10 irif,riu of tho
namea of tho StaU-s nf tho Anierii'ttii
L'aiun, read by Mr. Hamilton IJ. Staples
before the Anieriean Antiipiarian Sn:iet.v,
we taki) the fullowin; intcrestiu facts
The origin of the name of New Hamp
shire us very simplti. The original 'I'er
ntory. conveyiMl by patent of the riy
moulh Company to .lyjm Ma.son in lti'J,
was minieci by him after Hampshire
comity in En'aml.
The life of Massin hiietts, as an au
tonomic State, begins w ith the charter
of ltiyi, which ruereil into one provincB
the Plymouth and tho Masiu linset.tn
Bay jurisdictions iinl also the I'roviin i)
of Maine. The present name of the
Statu is derived from the bay of that
narne. In fact, the word Hay" was ;t
part of the name of the younger colony
which alone had received a charter from
tho Crown, and was retained in the
name of the new province, and afterward
in tho name of the State, till the consti
tution of IT" went into operation. The
Maisachllselt.i Bay received its name
from the Ma.-.-.achii:.etts Indians, who
peopled its shores at the time of John
Smith's visit in lbT4. The word Mas
sachusetts is an Anglicized plural of
Massaclniseit, ruciriinj; "at or near Mm
the great hills," "at or near the "Teat hill
country," from raassa. "great," wadchu
(in composition) .adchti plural wad
chuabli "mountains" or "hills," and the
Kuffii of, "at or near."
The origin of the name of Rhode I.s
land is tpiilc obscure. A writer in the
Providence Jmrntl nays; "Some an
cient authors write the name I.iland of
Rhodes. Some have believed that the
nurne was to be derived from the Dutch
lloodc Kj I -unit, which signilies lied Is
land, and which the tu-st Hutch explorers
fit the lay t-oinetimi-M gave to ihe island.
Others have written the name llud Island.
Perhaps it could also be Road Island
(the Island of the Roadstead) or harbor
island. In the early history of the Statu
persons of the family name of Rhodes
are also mentioned. Could not one Mr.
Rhodes have been among the first Uii"-
lish settlers?" Mr. Schoolcraft, in his
history of the Indian tribei. adopts the
Dutch origin of the name. Mr. Arnold
in a note to hi valuable "History of
Rhode Maud." Mays that the celebrated
Dutch na i'iator Adrm Rlork. who gave
hjs name to Hlock I dand. Mailed "nto
Narraansettliay, "where he comniemo
rated the lierv aspect of the place, caused
by the red clay in noiiih portion of u
Khore.i, by giving it the name of Rhode
Kylandt, the Red Uund, and by es-iy
traiinpoution Rhode Isl.iiui." In sup
port of the theory t!,:it the State was
uanied after the Uland in the Mediter
ranean Sea. we have the nuthoritv of
Peterson's "History of Rhode I.dnnd."
We have also t he commanding authority
of the public act by which the name was
The name Connecticut, spelled f j,im.
nnh-tiikcjut. dignifies "land on a long
tidal river." Tim name is so spelled iiii
Cottou's Vocabulary," uud in the
Cambridge Records" it appears as
Quinctuckipiel. This explanation rests
upon the authority of Dr. Trumbull.
The Territory of New York was coin
prised iijiu royal grant to the Duko of
York in Uiiil, of all the land "from the
west side of the Connecticut river lo the
ea.-t side of the Delaware Hay." In MM
the Duke lilted out an expedition which
took possession of New Amsterdam, nnd
the place was thereafter called New
York, in honor of the Duke. The snnm
name was applied to the State. Ily a
M range caprice of history the greatest
State in the I'uion bears tho name of
the last and most tyranical of the Stuarts.
The State of New Jersey, granted by
the Duke of York to Sir d'eorge Carteret
and Lord Berkeley in lfilM, received its
name in the grant in commemoration of
the bravo defence of the Isle of Jersey
by Carteret, its (iovcrnor. against the
Parliamentary forces in the great Civil
Pennsylvania owes its namo to its
founder, William I'eiin. The name giv
en by Penn himself was Sylviinia, but
King Charles 11, insisted that the name
of Penn should be prefixed. It is the
only Slate in the Union named after its
The counties of Newcastle, Kent, and
Sussex "upon Delaware," granted by
the Duke of York to Penn in lM'.', were
known as the territories of Pennsyl
vania. In 1701 Penn granted them a
certain autonomy. The Mate was named
after the bay of'hat name, and the bay
after Lord Deda-vvar, who explored it.
It has been claimed that the bay and
river were named after the Delaware In
dians who in Iti'"' dwelt II m n their
shores. Tiiis claim is unfounded. The
Delaware name of the river was Lena
pehithik, meaning Lenape river.
Maryland was settled under a charter
granted in lii.'.J bv King Charles I. tc
Lord p.alliuiore. The State was named
after ui i n lleiii ictta Maria. In the
charter the country is called "Trru
M'iritr Anglice, Mar land.
The tir.st sicp in the colonization vf
America by Knland whs the charter
granted in ioM by luecn Klizabcth to
Sir Walter Raleigh. I'nilcr this charter
Raleigh took possession of the country
wet of the Roanoke, and called it Vir
ginia in honor of the Virgin Queen.
This is the only State in the I tiion whose
name appears in literature associated
with the royal title. Spenser dedicated
the 1-aerie (Jiiccne to "Kliabcth, by tho
grace of (!od, (jueeneof Kngland, Prance
and Ireland, and of Virginia." The
nearest approach to this in a public act
is the order of the Ktiglish Privy Coun
cil to the Virginia colony after the revo
lution of lnsfl to proclaim William and
Mary as "Lord and Ladv of Virginia."
The nam-' of West Virginia, a new
SJate formed within the jurisdiction of
V irgmia. needs no separate considera
tion.' North Carolina and South Carolina
may be considered under one head.
Alien, in his "History of Kentucky,"
ascribes the origin of the narne Carolina
to the French settlers of Port Royal, who
named if after Charles LX. of France.
This is the popular impression, but there
is reason to ipiestion its accuracy. In
the i barter of Carolina granted to the
Lords Proprietors by Charles II. inl6C;5,
the name Carolina is recognizeiL More
than thirty years More, Charles I. had
granted a tract of territory south of tha
ChesaputtUa to Sir ftohort TTenfh. rinm-
ing it 'i,olana after himself. This
grant became forfeited hv non-user.
The name, however, so given to the ter
ritory was doulitless revived in the new
charter of Itiii;!. If. would not be a
plea.sant relleefion that two States of tlu
I "it ion derived their name from the King
who commanded the massacre of St.
The name of Georgia, after King
Georgp II., w is by the terms of the char
ter conferred upon the territory granted
to the company organicd by iglethorpe
in i ::;.
Maine owe its name to its being sup
posed to be the main or chief portion of
the New Rngland territory. The origin
of the name i-, disclosed in an extract
from the grant of Charles I. to Sir Ker
nando l lorges. in lii.'id, coiitinnatory of
a patent given by the Pit month ( 'oiu
pany in lt'r.'J, which grant the grandson
of Gorges, through John I'sher, assigned
to the Massachusetts ;iy Cooriy"al!
that Paite. 1'urparte and Poivori of the
Mavne Larnle of New England afore
said, beginning :ttt the entrance of Pas
cal wav Harbor then follows the de
scription, all which said Part, Purpart
or Porcoii of the. Mavne Lande and all
and every the premises hereinbefore
named wee doe for us, our heirs and
successors create and incorporate into
me Province or Countie. And wee doe
name, onl.-v ne. and appoynt that, the
I'orcon of the Mavne Latnle and Prem
ises aforesaide nIihII forever hereafter
bee called and named Ihe Province or
Countie of Mavne.'"
The Territory of Vermont, vvn.s so
named from ihe French words vci'd
moiit. "Green Mountain. "the "d" beiicr
dropped in composition. The legal his
tory of the name is a curious one. At a
convention of the people held at West
minster. January 1.1, 1777, it was de
clared that the district was a State, "to
be forever hereafter called, known and
distinguished by ih,. name of New Con
ncctioiif, alias Vermont." The conven
tion met by adjournment July 1777,
and. having in theiiieiinliiiie ascertained
Ibat the name of New Connecticut, bad
been already applied to a district on Ihe
banks of the Susipielmnna, it, was de
clared that instead of New Connecticut,
the Slate should "ever be known by the
name of Vermont," Hall, in his "Karlv
Hi-dory of Vermont," appendix No. '.),
claims that, the words "alias Vermont"
did not. belong in the name as adopted
in January, and that they must have
been inconsiderately added to the jour
nal, or an early copy of it, bv way of
explanation after the name Vermont
had been adopted in lieu of New Con
necticut, and afterward in transcribing,
errnnconsry taken as part, of the origi
nal. Mr. ll.ill gives various reasons in
support of this claim. In opposition to
Mr. Hall's theory Ihe words are found
in Sbule's "Stale papers," page 7(1. in
Williams' "History of Vermont," and
in a manuscript copy of the journal of
the convention, the 'original being lost,
in the possession of James H. Phelps.
Further, all accounts concur that the
name of Vermont was given tot he Stale
by Dr. Thomas Young, and we lind a
letterof his dated 11, April, 1777. ad
dressed to "the inhabitants of Vermont,
a free and independent State." which
implies that, at, thai, date the St ite bad
already received its name of Vermont,
although tinder an alias.
DAILY CAIKO RUU.KTIN:
Allen, in his "History of Kentucky,"
says it was named "from its principal
river, which is an Indian name lor 'dark
nnd bloody ground.' " Moulloii, in his
"History of New York," savs "Ken
tuekee signilies 'river of blood,'" In
llnywooits "History of Tennessee,"
General Clark is the nulhorily tor the
assertion thai, in the Indian language,
Kent tike signifies "river of blood."
Ramsey, in his "History of Tennessee,"
alludes to the name of Kentucky as sig
nifying "Ihe dark and bloody land." In
Joiinson's Cyclopedia the name is given
as signifying "tbe dark find bloody
ground." In opposition to all this it
appears from Johnson'H "Account of
the Present State of tho Indian Tribes of
Ohio," I., page 271 that Kentucky is a
Shitwanoese or Shawnoese word, signi
fying "at the head of a river;" that the
Kentucky river was in former times of
ten used by the Shavvanoese in their mi
grations north and south, and hence tho
whole country took its name. This
theory of the name isipiotcd approving
ly in Gallatin's "Synopsis of Indian
Tribes." Mr. Higginson, in his "Young
Folks' History." says the name first ap
jilied to the river means "the Long Riv
er." It lessens the weight of the author
ities first cited that some of them con
nect the evil signification of tin1 word
with land, and some with water. It is
also highly improbable that a name
clothed vv ith associations of terror should
be adopted as the civic designation of a
people. On the whole, it may be safely
asserted that the weight of the evidence
is in favor of the more peaceful origin
of the name.
Tennessee formed a part of the grant
of the Carolinas. Its name is derived
from its principal river, though formerly
the name Tennessee did not apply to
the main river, but to one of the small
southerly branches thereof. There is
authority for saving that the name of
the river was derived from the village." of
Tanassfe, the chief village of the Chero
kee tribe, find situated on its bank.
Haywood in bis "Natural and Aborgi
nal History (J Tennessee," attempts to
trace the origin of the name Tanassee as
an Indian river name to the ancient
river Tanais, ami on this discovery, as
well as on other similar resemblances,
he founds the argument that the ancient
Cherokees tnigiafcd from the western
part of Asia. Mr. Allen claims that
the name is derived from an Indian
name sifinifying "a curved spoon;" and
there is authority for still another deri
vation from an Indian word signifying "a
bend in the river," in allusion to the
course of the river. I am not aware
that in either case the Indian word has
been given, nor is it believed that any
such word exists.
Ohio is n lined after the beautiful riv
er, its southern boundary. From John
stoii's "Account of the Indian Tribes,"
the word Ohio, as applied to the river,
in the Wyandot laiiuage. is O-lie-zuh.
signifying "Something great." The
name W i.s called bv the Seneeas dwell
ing on the shores of Lake Erie the Oheo.
Mr. Schoolcraft observes that the term
ination io in Ohio implies admiration.
On the old French maps the name is
sometimes "the Oehii," and sometimes
Indiana derives ir.s name from one of
tbe old ante-R,-vo!r.: touarv land com
panies which had claims in that region.
The State of Illinois is named from
its principal vi-.cr. the ilium1. The
rivi-r i.s named from the confederacy of
Indian tribes called 'he Illinois Confed
eracy, whii-ii .had its -icaf in the central
part of the State. Gailatin gives tie
definition of the world Illinois, "real
men," -superior men," from the Dela
ware word, Leno. Leni, Illin, Illini. a.s
it is variously written. The termination
oi.s i.s that by which the French softened
the local iullexion when they adopted an
Lanmari, in his lied Book of Michi
gan," derives the nam of that State
from the Indian word Mirhsaug egan,
signifying Lake Country. Johnson's
Cyclopedia derives the name from the
Indian words Mitchi, Saugycgan, mean
ing Lake Country. I regard this as a
ipiesti,, liable derivation. There are good
rea-ons for supposing that the State de
rived its name from Lake Michigan, and
not from its being nearly enclosed by
lakes. f (he word Michigan dignities
lakecoiiritry. why .should it. have been ap
plied to the lake at all? In support of the
theory that ihe name Michigan was de
scripiivo, signifying "great lake," and
was lii-sf given to the lake, I call atten
tion lo the fact, that, on the earliest maps
the lak bears the name, while the penin
sula, both upper and lower, has noname
whatever. Besides the name, as applied
to the lake, has a. simple Indian deriva
tion. The Algonquin races, at the head
of which was the Chippewa tribe, dwelt
on the northwestern .shores of the lake.
In the old Algompiin language the .syl
lable "gan" meant lake. In the Chip
pewa language "niitcha" meant great.
Wisconsin was named after its prin
cipal river. Uniil quite a recent period
the river was called the Ojiisconsin,
wrrreli is said to mean "westward llow
itig." Quis is evidently shortened from
the French "ouest." Mr. Schoolcraft,
says, that "locality was given in the Al
oiiipjin by 'ing,' meaning at, in, or by
as Wiseons-ing." The name is probably
of mixed origin.
The name of Louisiana, now confined
to a State of ihe I'liion, was originally
given to the entire French possessions
on the west bank of the Mississippi,
by La, Salle, in Imi;:!, m honor of Louis
The State of Arkansas takes its name
from its print ipal river; the river from
the tribe of Indians formerly living near
its mouth. Till piite a recent, period
the liver was called Akatccis, ami the
tribe the Akansas tribe. Mr. School
craft, says that both the names Arknnsas
and Missouri embrace aboriginal roots,
but we hear the sounds as modified by
French orthoepy and enunciation. The
same author further relates that there is
a species of acacia found in Arkansas,
front which Ihe Indians, ,m the arrival
of the French, made for themselves
bows. It. is light- yellow, solid und flex
ible, "This is thought to have led to
the appellation of Are or Bow Indians."
As they belonged to the Kiiihh race and
had lately separated f,.m ,iri)( t,ti
term would naturally he adopted by the
French as the generic name. In the
"Contributors' Ch" f ,M ,.)nw,
Stonlhhj, May, lRs, in reference to the
name Arkansas, occurs ihls curious
passage: "Does not the name come from
the are-en-Miing of the rry French
traders, its likeness to Kansas beln- no
cidental? Whether the bloody bow"was
a special weapon like the medicine bow,
WEDNESDAY MOnNlNU, JUNK 21. 1882.
that gave its name to a creek, mountain
range, ami railway station in Winning,
or the Bloody Bows were a band like
the Sans Arcs, cannot now be determ
ined." The Stale of Missouri was named from
the river of that name, nnd the river it
self from the Missouri, a tribe once liv
ing near its mouth, aiij afterward driv
en into the interior. There is another
theory in respect to the name of tho
river, that it is descriptive, Colonel Hig
ginson, in his "Young Folks' History,"
says, Missouri means "muddy water."
The Daeotahs called the Missouri Min
iieshoshay, "muddy water," a word
which might easily become Missouri. In
an article on Indian Migrations, by L.
II. Morgan, in the Xmllt Amvrinm Hi
rinr, vol. ex., it is slated as a matter of
tradition that the Kansas Indians were
formerly established on the banks of the
Mississippi, above the Missouri, and that,
they called the Missouri Ne-sho-ja "tho
muddy river," a namo in which tho
present name can be traced.
Tin' Stale of Iowa is named from the
river of that name, and tho river from
the loway Indians, who, after tunny
migrations, settled on its banks. In the
same article in the Atbinlir Mmithli to
which I have already alluded, it is inti
mated that, the name loway is contract
ed from Ahdiee-oodia, meaning "sleep
ers," which, perhaps, explains why the
Sioux nearly extirpated them.
The State of Texas, formerly Spanish
territory, then Mexican, and Infer an in
dependent State, is the only State ac
fiuircd by annexation. There is a con
flict of opinion as to the origin of its
name. Johnson's Cyclopedia, article
Texas states that "it is now proved con
clusively to be of Indian derivation, the
generic title of numerous tribes known
to I. a Salle on his visit in PW.1." On
Scale's map, 17.Vi, th center of the ter
ritory is occupied by Indians called the
Tecas, which may be the generic title
referred to. But Mr. Brvant, in his
"History of the Knifed Stales," vol. ii..
page .IIS, note, says: "It, is supposed
that the name Texas is from Ih" Spanish
Tejas. in allusion to the covered houses"
found by La Salle on his visit in IWi,
In Morphis' "History of Texas" the
name is given as of doubtful origin. He
stales in subs! nice that some refer the
name to the capital village of the Nas
sonite tribe. others refer it tothe Spanish
word "teger," to weave, in reference to
placing the. grass over the cottages;
others derive it from "tejas," meaning
"cobwebs," the account being that, the
Spaniards eiicarnjx'd in an expedition
in'o the country, and one morning the
commander seeing many spider webs
between himself and the rising -tin ex
claimed "Mira las tejas!" and named tho
land Texas. The cobweb theory may
well be dismissed as legendary.
The origin of the name of Florid is
a mattered' general agreement among
historians. The .story of Touch do Leon
sailing to the West m l.'iljin search of
the fountain of youth, -eeing land on
Pae,ia Florida or "Flowery Easter"
and on account of its profusion of
tlowors naming it Florida, is familiar o
The name of Oregon was at. first ap
plied to the ('..iombia river, then to the
Territory, and la-tly to the stale. The
origin of 'he name is conjectural. The
earliest pro, ted mention of it is in ( ar
ver's travels in ITod. Carver explored
the vuirees of the Mis-isjp,i river, and
states that by his residence .im.itig the
Indians, epeoiallv the ioux. he obtain
ed a general knowledge of th situation
of the river On gon or "the river of' the
West that falls info the pa die lean at
the sfraiis of Anian." Bv that which
he calls tin1 Oregon the sources of which
he placed not far from the head wafers
of the Missouri, he may have referred to
some one of :he xouree-s of it he may
have confounded with tbe sources of the
Missouri or to one of the two rivers
which, rising in the Rocky Mountains,
formed the principal eastern tributaries
of the Oregon. Carx'erwas misled as to
the locality of the river of the West, and
tbe .supposed sources of the Missouri or
of one of tbe tributaries in ipics-ti, in. But
this much the publication of his travels
accomplished the establishment of a
belief in the existence of a great river
cmptving into the Pacific Ocean. lie
designated by the mime Oregon a great
river (lowing into the Pacific, and when
in after times such a river was discover
ed the name was ready at hand.
The flame of California appears to
have been taken from a Spanish ro
mance, "Las Sergus ie K.splandian," in
which i.s described "the great Island of
California, where a great abundance of
gold and precious stones is found."
This worthless romance was published
in 1.110, ami generally read. Probably
the name of California engaged the
fancy of some of the ollieers of Cortex,
and was given by them to the country
discovered by him in l.i;'..". It, is strange
that, the name accidentally given should
have proved so exactly descriptive.
The Siate of Nevada lakes its name
from the Sierra Nevada Mountains,
which line its western frontier, (he
mountains in their turn began named
from the Sierra Ncvadas of Grenada,
which they arc said to resemble jn the
serrated line of ihcir summits.
Minin"-ota is named from the Minne
sota or Si. Peter's river, tho principal
tributary to the Mississippi within its
limits. The Indian word I'.s Mini-sotah,
signifVuig "slightly turbid water," or as
the Minnesota historian more fancifully
puis it, sk x t intcd water."
Nebraska is named from the Nebras
ka river. A writer in the Sorth AinrrL
nm Urrii'm on "The Missouri Valley,"
says the word is Indian, and is com
pounded ,,f nee, "river," and braska,
"shallow." Morgan, in his article on
Indian migrations, Xnrlh Amrrii'nn l't
rif.w, says "the mime of the plat in river
in the Kaw dialect is Nedilas-ka, signl
tying 'over-spreading Hats with shallow
water ' " Mr. Hale says ihe name un
doubtedly refers to the flatness of tint
The Stale ,,f Kansas is named from
its principal river. The latter is named
from the tribe of Indians called the Koti
zas, who lived upon its shores, Mr.
Schoolcraft uses the name Kansas to dos.
ignate the tribe. In. Sola marched
southerly from the northern limit of his
expedition in search of a rich province,
called Cayas. This points to the origin
al name of the tribe, ihe Knws. The
present name has, therefore, mi Indian
root, varied by French orthoepy,
Colorado is named after the great Rio
Colorado, which rises in the Rocky
Mountain and falls into the Gulf of
California, The name signilies in Span
ish "ruddy," "blood red," in a secon-
nary sense colored, m allusion lo the
color of its waters. The river is not
within Ihe limits of the siao', and only
belongs lo it by Homo of ii i tributaries.
The stale of Mississippi i.s named af
ter the great river. Mr. Atwater, a
member of this soch'ty, gives the Indian
inline of the river Mccsyscepee, "tho
great water." That Ihe Indian word
signilies the "fat her of wuleis" is clear
ly erroneous. According to .Mr. Gal
latin's "Svnop.'is of Indian Tribes,"
"Missj'' never means 'father," but
"nil" "whole." The word "dpi"
means in Ihe Chippewa "river." Thus
the words united mean "the whole riv
er," because many streams unite to
In considering the name of Alabama
we go back to Ihe expedition of I le Solo
in I.VII. His hisl battle was at Alibamo,
on the Yazoo river, This was the fa
mous fortress of the brave tribe hoiiic
timcs culled the Alibamons, and some
times Ihe Alabama. Le Clerc, who re
sided 'm the Creek Nation twenty years,
nnd wrote n history published in Paris
in x', says that the Alabainos ctitne to
the Ya.oo from tbe north of Mexico, ami
that lifter the battles with He Soto they
removed to the river which now bears
their name; that they are the same peo
ple us the Alibanios, who fought De
Soto. Pickett, in his 'History of Ala
bama, slates that "from these people
the river and Shite took their names."
Allen's 'History of Kentucky' says Ala
bama is an Indian name fignifv ing
"here wc rest." Mr. Schoolcraft savs
cautiously that the name has been in
terpreted "here we n-st." We have not
been able to lind anything very restful
in tl history of the Alabnrnos, which is
one of nilrations. Mr. Meeks, a good
authoiitv in "i.i' Slat . t'.lnks the word
Alaba is onlv tin- name llillpbn, the
I'llibahallec of v .iio, a theory at, va
riance with thai of I.e Clei-e, and refer
ring the origin of ttie name to a dilb-r-cnt
There is no St., re in the I'nion which
bears the name of ( nled, or of ( orona
do, or of De So'o. or of ,a S tile. And
there is F.-cle r Marinette, who,,, form
rises before us, ( i.lirig and immorial
as we open tf.c p.igi s of our early hi.
State to fc
honored to I.
I afier bis name?
But the wro'i ; in .y vet be righted. In
the naming of the new States which yet
remain to he formed from our We.-fcm
domain, the last opportunity will be
given to do justice to t!eo great dis
i oyerei's-, and it would le a graceful and
appropriate otVioe of this society, as
ci es arise, to evert if s influonce by eor-re-ponden-e
wi'h local au'l'iorities, and
by memorial to Conor.',, in favor of
rendering to them (-yen at this late day
this exalted tribn'e. ,Vfc V.ri- Ec.nui'i
Attention, Railroad Men !
"I :;. r,i,j )",,r more than a year with in
dlg.-tedl. I W is very bl'.n us, occasion :u:v
hnvdiij 'i dumb chili, !",i!ow,-d by I'eVt rs.
which ;)roi r it I cd inc. I took Simmons
I.ivi-r Regulator, and am thoroughly mh'is
lied that it is nil that rs t commended i'..r
indigestion an,) bihoi;- cotnpNmts. forn'ire
was certain!) a stubborn raw. Mnny . I
my friends speak of if, and they nl Hgpc
tha1 ,t possesses all the virtue )ol Ciailll
h r it. "A. II. Iligli'ow. r, Conductor (I.
R. It , t'ia."
Thornis Kd'ctrir Oil lifis obtained great
popularity, from its intrinsic, value as n
reliable me.lic:nc, in curing hoaruni s arid
all irritations of the Ihp.ai, liscas. s of the
chi d, etc. K"r these it is an incomparable
i an inrnturc
pubnenic. Paul (i. Scbuh
Out Glorious Independence.
What can be niof glorious ilnn to be
iti'h p.-nd. tit of si, ;f -ring, csus.-.l by dys
pepsia, indigi ion, coti"tip't'ion, sit k tiead
hcIic, or o?!i. r disca-i s . mana'ing (run the
stomach. This can be easily gvr;c. by H
timely use of IPirdo. k ;;, ;-;t,rs. Price
tl.iMl. Paul Scfillh, agent.
Kl'Cf of ( hill ge.
All persons sulh ring fr. in ' 'oughs, ('olds,
A-'liiiis, Bronchitis, L s- of Voice, or an '.f
I', c'i'.n o the Throat and L'.ngs arc re-.pic-ted
to call at George E. O'lfara's drug
-tore and git a trial bottle of Or. King's
New Discovery for t 'ori-urnpti'-n, tree of
i barge, wbiih will convince them of its
woiidetful merits and ,.iw what a regular
dollar si,.- bottle will do. Call early, ill)
lu tlie Opinion of" I'liysicnuw,
teeih that are becoming defertive or tip'
insulhcieritly c, am. d, mf-mho food and
unlit it for the digi Uvc process. Health,
tiici'. lore, as we!! as p. r-on il ntl r activencss
is promoted by the use ,,fS. zodont. pure
in coiiipe-irioti, at'roetihle m 11 tvor, prompt
and ilVoitiv" in it purifying action, and
economic, since only a I'.-w drops iion the
In u di are in cdc'l ar a time. Thn popular
ity of this sterling pn p'lr'dion is bused
upon long t -ted nnd professionally rcceg
Tut: Voltaic IIm.t t., Marshall, Mich.,
will -end Dr. Dyes Celebrated Eicriro Vol
laic li'-lis and Electric Appliances on trial
for thitty days to men i young or old) who
lire Mlllicted with Ncrvoijs Pcbility, ,ont
Vitalily and Atatihoi d, and kindred troubles
guaranteeing speedy and complete reslura
lion of health and iniuily vbrnr. Address
ns above, N. It. - No rt -l is incurred, n
thirty days' trial is allowed.
A Popular Tonic
I'OKWKXK 1,1'NliS .VNII I ONSI'MITION.
No preparation ever introduced to the
American public, for the relief and cure of
Coughs, Colds, Sore Throat, Debilitated
('oniiiitutloiiH, Weakness of the Lungs or
t'oiifiiimption in ihe incipient or advanced
stages of the dhii'iisc, has ever met with the
iiidorFeiiiciits of physicians or patients as
Ihe celebrated "Tolu, Rock and Rye." The
repented and continued tniles of tlie article
everywhere are the best evidence of its real
merits. Letters and tcntiinonals front every
ipiartcr of the country, iiitcsting t lit stint
ulating, tonic and healing effects, urn in
poiiscwdoii of the proprietor, and can lie
adduced to convince ihe mont i-kepliriil
leader ot its intriiiWe virtues. Further
riimtncndation is unnecessary ami sitper.
IhioiiH, as a trial of this article, having a
pleasant taste and agreeable flavor, will
Mithify nil thosi) who are alllictcd of pining
away will) pulmonary weakness of the re
lief to be Hcnired by the iiho of Tolu, Ruck
und Rye. Chicngo Tiincn.
Chills uud h'Vir.
Klni'ltnim l.iv. r Id jfip
"II"" Ttritii we in,., , ,1
I 'Mil- (ITIII I III OCH 1IIU
fever nut nl tie o xti-m.
1 1 1 toei- when nii utiu-r
JfifL k llfiidaclie.
Z&Tr9TnTs '" rll,er,.i. , ,,
I I IIII'lllCH lull .
tlllH lliellcn-lni; (Hi..
IIHC SI 111 ttlOllH l.lv
' IT III
Tin' Hi-'.oiliilor w Id io-.lt I vvl v inn1 t!il I, rrlMc
iIIhciiki-. We iir' ii i iii'linll. idly what wu Ihhhv to
tic I rue.
( : NSTI I'ATM N!
hIioo Id io,i I,, r irdi-il u ii lilllltii; Hi'incnt Ns-
lure .Ii' li Mle1" li e llllie-t ti'l'llllltlt, llf ,i' Ihi elH.
I lie I etore i"-', I l 1 1 , 1 1 e l V I .' 1 1 1 1 - ( - t I r 1 . 1 1 x l.lver
If' I'll lii lo . II t ' I; a - nili ' . in i lit iiii'I . i. c I an J,
I ',1 I .K JllSN
Olin or two till, I- .i iihhIhI i will r.'Hi vn nil (tie
t mi, I, It-n liii l.l. M lii ii t . i t i 1 1 , 'ni,.. hi). I, n- N'!i-u
hy.Yiiff, llrow iin.'Hs. llito el nl', i ' M'liit. n Ml
t'T Inn! Iioli- In iimiiiOi
iM A LA Ii I A.
I'l r.iim mnv nmld nil ullie f . m i i.loiin!'
tHlilici n i,- ,,f Sim iriooM l.iv-r i'i- " !:.. r in h-eii
I In- bo-r In liiuliliy ni-Mnii
LA I ) IMtKATl I!
l.'hT'illv o r' 1 ii i fr uii n ,i.!,r,, r,., ,,,, i, , nri
In- i nre ( it. I liv tnlt,i Simimoi l.l v, , - ii,o, .
.fa uni k ii ;.
Minni'itu l.lvi-r Iti'i'ii'm r mon i-rnl."ii.- lhi id,
f from liir ,yi, M, Icnlni. ih.. .ion l.-ar niei
fr,j trnin nil In ,iiiiiiin
( ; Li(,
' lil'.ll, Ti -a '! .-I i " :h rolV ... t . r ri.-n..- rn-wli'-u
Smifi;. I.. I lv.-r Id i"ils'"r .i.lnei.l.n r
cl A'la t !',,. e. roi! tTMit l in i i fri.n, tM
ii. H . f -1 1 , ; I . i. i.'t no j-1 cm-uri f ; it ! Ir.'t r rj -
fuel t! ' ti . C i y vi i'. tut, I i.
J 1 1 A 1)1 ) !'. 1 1 .V, KIDNLVM
Mo- ,.r In- ill, ,,f tie- liiiel i.-1-..rlsli M'-freiM
tie, H. HI rli- loi.'li , . (, -lure tin- umi-iii of ttui
ln'-r I nl v'.uni l..,')i t iii fci'ln. , hi il lil'i.;.!. r will
tie Ter firr.i
lifT'V i.n'ir lie- eel'.eii-. l-tcli ninyn hfi' (,n
tui' ri,, -r lie- ' I - o i :- in ol, nod r -f inir- of
J. I f.J ;i LINr ( ( ).,
fur '.)'- ijj '! ilr :,vi-....
1 'tin f 'armor t,iv Wlic-ir
II. N I '.( .
ritoMv j:r r ., r ' ; c ( ,i,.
,l(e- tr t .-'I-.! v.-'ir-. K'n.-ia,.' .':" ;,.,.'!' ,.
"j- .'iif' ' ey ' ' ics w.r h .-.f
TAOM Y.i IK! -i-rtp - o.r.
i'lcr.aioft for'- i! reiC ',! ! : .... .;. j.- Isf
Tii'-M ,s- la :.v. r;:;e .!:..
('I'i;.'!. H'.rJ . ;,r- , r,r..,l ,
TiloM A ' K'-T.Ki Ti'l'' Oil .
All threat nn ! ;m !!,. . i-,, r,- y
TIIOM s' ir Ri-ri'Ii.'. o'r,
Til'ivv.- ,'i ; k Titrr i:;
Ilarn ,in 1 front ict.- if r lf ' .'
Tltovt s- y. " i-i -Of (,;:
rri r oa FAS'
A I way s jjiv. 4 -a'-!' ,r' '
Sold by Medic !!. D.-i!
Price .Vic. nnd fl.
cv r; re.
VOSTKR. MII.I.rKS f. Prop-)-.
PufTalo. y. V.
.r - .i'i, I Iv i i. 1. ,, , , ,,.
I f -Hill , I',' ,. tf ,,,, ry
re-, iiVr-i Mul jn. t nTi.' I, no"
l'a'": 'i lo.ldur.i.i! .i.:,t!terte.--
Jii-'til'.S 01, 1, 1 , . -i ,;( t'l'l V 1 im r
Kl.llr,. A.! Ir.-n l-'I.rMVtlVf. .0
STOCfCS " in. , ,
mf '. i viuii ii ln-iil niu-nt In
cv. i v - -vi Kvri'l t in lu. I'-
io' i '. ),..) i.., rciKii'sl.
il" . n..-! i r ,i- .. mn. Wi'.tg x--r
aii'vt en yiik ,,r. i .
TllK ..KM is'-;
Haxphrst KAM K.VCIX
- - Clill'l I )!,! jllnfiue
Iforizunhil, Verticil 1
Mini Miirino Pliiiups
;i in! l()ilt'ps.
KNtiJNKS . SPFTlAiTV.
FARM KXfilNKS, MACHINISTS'
STKA.V PPM PS
AM) ' MACIIINKRV
OKAI.L KIN PS, HKINXfi,
Mf A KTINd,
Pulleys and flcncnil Supplies.
No HI, North Tlilnl sirct,
tf:l.,,,- liiirllil. jl.lll
tlral.o, Klilliimia, mill
many cf tho l"-t incll
rlnn known inn Coin,
jiiiial In r.irk.-r'sGiirji'r
Tonii:, inlii a ni'.alli.inc
of mi h v.ii it-it iiow-i'ri, m
IO m.lllfl il lIlO RII'MiC.VI
lllrixd J'lilili,r 111,1 liir,
Itrnt Ifenlt !i AS( renul h
Itettl or r K.vit i hoi.
It r.iiiej Kli'iim.itKii),
Strri.lt'v.liis.s, Ik ilnrii M
nflliu Storii.i. ti, Ituwcfu.
,rs I.llni'H. I ivrr ,V Klilnrvu
Hair Baisarn f-i'''ii';v.iiMi.r,.,,ir,,,m
Ik. IVM. Clow.., nn.1 1 11 . ' "ii".rr o,.,ti,i...i,
Mn, ttmnnlnlral IMr lrr. ,'IH.I ulllfr 'I iHltin, m
inn, N iv-il, I.. re.i ..I,,, nrvprintuxli:.it(s, llbcox
outhf..! u..t..r u. ,y HI,. j-0 t hcniivl,, M. V,
Wl"-- "'"' I jnrr wlt-if Itnylii,, tllr Wn.
jrLy.:rrr JKMnvn FrmffTr
i v. ? ft) i W. 4
V4 K K&aA&dJ-irld