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Pension System for Widows a Success
the money they were earning, on con
--i J EIL ditlon that they attended school regu
- E ABLE TO GO' Many sensitive women hesitated to
TO SCHOOL - accept this form of charity, and at first
there were few applications for such
pensions. Last winter, however, a law
was passed by the legislature provid
KANSAS CITY, MO -Kansas City's ing that the county clerk establish a
plan of pensioning widows is at- pension bureau, the pensions to be
tracting wide attention. Requests for paid from county funds in such
information come to the officers of the amount as the juvenile court found
juvenite court every day from cities of necessary.
the United States and Canada. There The law provides that a widow may
are more than 40 widows on the pen- be paid not to exceed $10 a month for
sion roll and the plan is working sat- one child to enable that child to at
isfactorily. tend school; if she has more than one
It was found soon after the estab- child, not to exceed $5 a month urt
lishment of the juvenile court that each additional child. The yearly ex
many children were kept from school penditure must not exceed $12,000.
to work, the money they earned being The idea of the law is to keep the
the sole support of the family. This family together under home influ
was particularly the case where wid- ence.
ows with several children were unable Each applicant must answer ques
to work because of the necessity for tions prepared by the juvenile court.
remaining at home to care for the The list is made out in the form of a
small children. petition to the court and ispnsid
At the suggestion of Judge McCune, ered at a formal hearing, aftr' a full
then presiding over the juvenile court, investigation by a probation ofo r.
phllarthropic persons formed a volun- To be eligible to a pension, a omn
tary association and boys of school an must have been a resident of the
age compelled to work were paid a county two years. The pension sys
certain amount of money, according to tem is costing the county about $600
the needs of the family, in place of a month.
Stowaway is in Ship's Hold 12 Days
B ALTIMORE, Md.-To have lived - CAN SET,
twelve days in the icy, inky black
ness of a ship's hold with nothing to YOUR LIFE I
eat save raw potatoes, with only rats C WILL NEVER
for companions, and to have been res- Ct STOWAWAY
cued only because the foremast light ACAflf
of the ship on which he was a stows- .J i- - -
way refused to work, was the soul
racking experience of Walter Purding. the weather became rough. Purding
an American, who reached Baltimore says he was tossed about the hold like
on the Johnston line steamer Ulster- the potatoes until every fiber ached.
more, Captain Gowan. The ship ran into the vicinity of ice
According to his story, when the bergs. Hail fell on the sides of the
Ulstermore was about to leave Liver- ship and converted the stowaway's
pool, he gained the consent of a steve- quarters into a veritable refrigerator.
dore to stow away in hatch No. 3. He The prisoner said that the rats in the
said be chose the hatch because it hold nestled on his breast and he did
contained potatoes, and he believed not fight them because they kept him
the ship's cook would release him the warm. They sought no blood or bone,
frst day or two at sea. But Captain but only the warmth of his body.
Gowan procured his "spuds" some It was when the ship was 13 days
whete else, and the cook came not. out, when the foremast light refused
Hour by hour, Purding said, his hun- to work and it was necessary to open
Er and thirst became greater. He hatch No. 3 to follow the wiring.
begap to eat potatoes, but in two days Third Engineer Potter entered the
these palled on him and he could eat hatchway to be surprised by a figure's
so more. Thirst then attacked him. hurtling by him toward the side of the
Seeking to relieve his agony he ship. Dropping his lantern he wr
sucked the steel sides of the ship, ped both arms around the man and
which reeked with moisture, but with brought him up. After he was re
the drops of filthy water came the leased it was with difficulty be was
lead paint and added to his suffer- kept from jumping into the sea to
hags. slake his fiery thirst. Purding was
When hunger began to weaken him given a bath and food.
Killed Owl He Thought Was a Burglar
\and passed the Herman home. Mr.
" *a , Herman, a neophyte of the fresh-air
movement, had left the parlor window
wide open. The owl, one of a nest
which have been keeping Newport
awake of nights for the past month,
invaded the room and a fearsome
"a noise ensued. After the owl, which
C INCINNATI.-The whack of a club was making wide circles of the room,
reoeending at the dead of night in had smashed an antique clock, a hall
the parlor of the residence of M. B. tree, several small pictures and a
Herman, coupled with the percing Louis XIV. chair of fr1il design, and
scream of a dying maltese owl, mark- had its claws entangled in a piano
ed the climar of a three-cornered bat- cover, on which were a Japanese vase
tie, waged in darkness, between the and a rose Jar, was taking charge of
owl, Night Patrolman Joe Conlon o this portion of the home furniture,
the Newport police force and the Her- Herman was roused by Patrolman Con
man household. And when the half- lon thumping on the door.
articulate and eerie cry of the dying "There's burglars In the house!"
bird of prey subsided and the lights exclaimed Conlon. "Who-o-o?" mourn
were .trned on. neighbors of the Her- fully Inquired the owl. "Burglars!
mags. who had heard the crash of Don't you hear 'em?" shouted Conlon.
brec-a-brac, the thumping of the police- Not knowing whether their quarry
man's mace on the Itntel of the Her- was human or ghostlike, the pair cau
man threshold and the boots of the tiously turned the doorknob. Before
cause of the trouble, did not know Herman could reach the light button
whether to turn over in their beds or there was a feathery swish past his
call out the fire department head and he struck out with Conlon's
It was a bit of a braw night when club. The owl's cry of mortal anguish
Patrolman CoL'on rounded the corner followed.
Bringing Together Jobless and Job
EW YORK.-The National Employ- M
N ment exchange. a private organiza- AM A
tda in New York. In the frst year andTO E
a half of Its existence has learned u [
many things about the task of bring
lnag together the jobless man and the
manless Job. It wuas established with
a fund of $100,000 contributed by a
snomber of wealthy men to relieve the unskilled, can find work if he wants
deplorable conditions of unemploy- it. There is plenty of room for him.
melt in New York city. Two separate But not so in the mercantile bu
exchanges are maintained, one to suP- reau, for ofice help, salesmen and sim
ply manual laborers, skilled and un- iliar occupations. The number seek
sk!lled, the other to supply mercantile ing work of this kind is many times
emlloyes During 1910 the demand larger than the number of possible
for men to do manual work greatly places. Positions were found for only
exceeded the supply. Work for more 537 out of 4,540 applicants and the
than 4.000 was found In the city, in cost of placing each one was $16.40
New York and other states Many more than the fee. Many of these
more could have been placed had the successful applicants were forced to
men been available. It cost $1 .93 to accept employment at five or six dol
get each man his Job. over and above lars a week. New York is flooded
the small fee collected. Business de- with a horde of young men and wom
preesion this year has altered condl- en who want to do only "genteel"
tlone, and not so many positions are work. and this drugging of the mar
open. but it has been established as ket has forced salaries which the ar
generally trte that the man who is erage applicant must accept far below
willing to do manual work, skilled or a fair living standard.
Wanted to Patent a Circus.
P T. t[arnum once came to the of
fice to know if be could patent the
three-ring circus In tecbancal par
lance his three-rlng circus was an ag
gregation and not a combination to
produce a new renlt- Therefore it
was not patentable. which Information
bighly lneensed the showman. "It will
be adopted by every cidras just as
sona as I make it known." he de.
cared. And 4t was.--rom the Seten
the AmnrleaI "' Ten Storles
The Legal Costs.
The Judge-You say you don't get
The Complainant-I don't gt It all.
your bonor. It's only five dollars a
week, and I need every cent of it.
The Judge-And what's the reasot
you get only part of the amount?
The Complainant-It's bocause my
former ausband sends It to me by a
lawyer, and the lawyer charges me car
tare, brokerage. trsnsportation and
time, and that leaves only 90 ceats "
RICHES TO CHARITY
Wdoman Notorious for Years
Wills Omaha $500,000.
REAL NAME UNKNOWN
Miss "Anna Wilson," Who Came as
Stage Girl to Nebraska Metropolis,
Repentant, Gave Her Resort and
Wealth to City.
Omaha, Neb.-Miss Anna Wilson's
gift of practically $500,000 to charity,
,the accumulation of 40 years' protits
from the most notorious dive Omaha
has ever known, has brought out more
reminiscenses and caused more talk
than any single event in the middle
west in years. Miss Wilson was sixty
years of age when she died a few
days ago, and in her will she makes
no individual gifts, except of a trust
fund, but leaves all that she had
saved to the city as her greatest pos
sible restitution. It is the second
largest gift to charity ever made by
an Omaha resident. Six months ago
Miss Wilson closed out her dive and
presented 'the building, with $75,000,
to the city as an emergency hospital.
Anna Wilson went to Omaha when
it was a frontier town several years
before the Union Pacific railroad was
completed in 1867. Her first appear
ance was on a music hall stage. She
was bright and pretty. Also she was
well educated. Just who she really
was has always been a mystery. She
freely acknowledged that "Anna Wil
son" was not her true name, but her
real identity has never been revealed.
The young girl remained on the
stage only a short time. When the
music hall went to the wall she was
without an engagement. In the emerg
ency she took up with a noted
"square" gambler, Dan Allen, and be
came his common law wife. This re.
An Old Picture of "Anna Wilson."
lation she sustained for 20 years un
til Allen died. Allen is said to have
furnished the money with which Miss
Wilson opened the most notorious
dive in the city. In the 40 years of
its existence, however, there were few
arrests made there.
When Allen died he left a $10,000
policy, made in favor of Miss Wilson.
She notified his brothers that at her
death the money would be handed
over to them. Some years ago one of
the brothers asked Miss Wilson for a
portion of this money and was given
$1,000. In her will $9,000 is left to
Dan Allen's brothers.
Six years ago Miss Wilson leased
her house, purchased a $15,000 resai
lence in Kountze place, an exclusive
residential district, and went to live
in her new home. With her, she
brought one of the best Shakesperean
libraries in the west. Among her
books is ah illustrated Bible,. which
cost many thousands of dollars and
which Miss Wilson is said to have
been fond of reading and studying.
Her library ran into thousands of
volumes, and pictures and works of
art fairly filled her home. Her flower
garden and home were the wonder of
REAL HOME FOR "SCOTTY"
Back of Mansion Will Be a Mlnia
ture of Death Valley Where
He Made Wealth.
Los Angeles, Cal.-When Walter
Scott, much better known as "Death
Valley Scotty," learned that Sis Hopi
kins, the actress, otherwise Mrs.
Frank Minzey. was having built a
$25,000 residence on the Lacinega
hills, he straightway bought two acres
adjoining. stripping $12,000 off his
roll, and instructed his architects to
prepare the plans and specifications
for a $35.000 house in Los Angeles.'
He deposited the cash for the archio
"I want to show the people that I've
got enough money left in my boots to
build a home," he said. "It's going to
be a man's house, and I'm going to
live in it. I'm going to stand pat' now.
I've blowed lb all the money I'm go
ing to. The sheriff's not looking for
me now. and I can come back and call
One feature will be a fac-simlle of
Death Valley an acre in extent. con
structed in the rear of the house.
"Slim," Scotty's famous burro, will be
turned loose there.
House Drops Sixty Feet.
Scranton. Pa.--Occupants of a dou
ble dwelling here escaped in their
Light clothes when the house was
swallowed by a mine cave and re
duccd to debris at the bottom of a 80
toot pit one night. Broken gas pipes
and an exploding oil lamp formed a
destructive combination, and the build
ing. with its cottnts was co)nsumed
OALBEP'P TE ANe
Capt. John Smith stood bound and
helpless before the Virginia chieftain,
Opechancanough, brother to the
mighty Sagamore, Powhatan. Indian
scouts had captured Smith soon after
he left the new Jamestown colony on
his exploring trip to the interior. They
brought him before their chief for
Opechancanough had already heard
with disgust of the white men who
were building a settlement on Vir
ginia's shores, and he was glad one
of them had fallen into his hands. He
wal about to order Smith to torture
and death, when the plucky English
prisoner drew from his pocket a com
pass and calmly proceeded to show
Opechancanough how to use the won
derful instrument. Then he went on
to explain the course of the sun, moon
and stars in much amasing fashion that
Opechancanough thought him a spirit.
So, instead of killing him (which
would have crushed the Jamestown
colony's chances of life and have put
back for many years the white man's
rulership of America), he passed him
on to his brother Powhatan.
Revenge for a Slow.
When Powhatan died, in 1618,
Opechancanough became Sagamore of
the thirty Virginia and Maryland
tribes that had formed his brother's
"empire." He also assumed Pow
hatan's mock title of "Emperor of the
Indies." By this time the Engli% had
secured a strong grip on Virginia.
Jamestown was a flourishing place.
There were smaller towns and many
rich plantation farms.
He managed to stir up his, people
against the English and to draw 1,600
fierce Indian warriors to his standard.
Then he waited for the right moment
to attack. A settler and one of the
Indians had a fight. The Indian was
slain. Opechancanough, clad for war
and brandishing a tomahawk, rushed
Into the presence of the English gov
ernor at Jamestown and demanded
redress. His plea was refused. In
fury he drove his tomalawk blade in
to the wall of the house and called
curses down from heaven upon the
English. On the instant, however, he
saw that he had too plainly shown
his hatred, and, fearing lest he might
have put the colonists on their guard,
he said more mildly:
"Forgive me, Governor Wyatt I
did not mean to curse all the English,
LOUIS RIEL II
Loutis Rlel was a half-breed of the
Metis" race of Franco-Indians. His
father was a leader of the Metis and
headed an uprising in 1849 against
the mighty Hudson Bay company in
Canada. Louis was born October 23.
1844. He studied at the Montreal
Jesuit college with the idea pf becom
ing a priest. But when he went to
take holy orders he was for. some
reason refused ordination. In other
words, he was turned loose on the
world with an excellent education, a
keen knowledge of white men and
their ways, a gift for organisation. a
wild genius for oratory and-as was
afterward claimed--a well-developed
case of egotistic insanity. Such a man
could do much among the local In
dians and excitable French-indian
The "Human Firebrand."
The Hudson Bay company-one of
the most gigantic trusts ever launched
-had for a long time controlled the
fur trade. etc., of the northwest The
company was the master and patron
of thousands of half-breeds and In
dians. in the late sixties the Cana
dian government bought and assumed
control oi the Manitoba territories
hitherto ruled by the company. The
natives bitterly resented this change.
They hated the English. They loved
the company; although more than
once they had rebelled against its
stern orders. Rlel, by fiery speeches,
persuaded the hunters and savages
that they were entitled to part of the
money paid by the government for the
company lands. He made formal de
mand for this money. The Canadian
authorities refused. Then Riel called
his people to arms.
William McDougall was sent by the
British omcials to assume control of
their newly acquired tract of country
as lieutenant governor. At the head
of a little army of half-breeds and In
diana, Louis Riel forbade McDougall's
entrance into the territory. Riel cap
tured Fort Garry and other strong
holds, and caused himself to be elect
ed president of a "provisional govern
WELSH HOME LIFE UNIFORM
There Is No Upper Middle Clam and
and Shop Keepers Are Usually
The student of Welsh life and char
acter who encounters almost any vil
lage in North Wales will be able to
acquire a full knowledge of his sub
ject without travellng a mile further.
For Welsh life has a certain quality
of uniformity which is not found in
the other constituent peoples of the
Practically there is no upper middle
class in Wales. A few rich middle
class Welsh familie there are, but
these, even if they keep up a Welsh
home. usually draw their wealth and
spend it beyond the Welsh border If.
however, the visitor wishes to know
who controls public opiniona who sits
on the district and county countls. or
even who represents the divisdon In
the house of commons, he had much
better regard the names painted over
the shop fronts than try to discover
he identity of the occupants of the
lavish red brick villa whrlh leoks
but only the vile Englishman, Samuel
Argall, who struck me and kidnaped
Pocahontas. I love all other English
men, and the skies will decay sooner
than that love."
The settlers were deceived by such
protestations. So, when on April 1,
1622, Opechancanough turned loose his
1,600 savages upon the peaceful col
ony he caught the English utterly un
prepared. In less than an hour the
Indians had killed 360 white men.
women and children. Jamestown was
saved by prompt measures of defense
but the outlying settlements were rav.
aged with fire and steel.
Goes to War at Age of Ninety.
The settlers rallied and swept the
Indians out of their old habitations
Opechancaough -was forced to fleea
and this act of cowardice lost him
much of his power among the sav
ages. About 6,000 Indians had lived
within sixty miles of Jamestown. By
the time the campaign was over the
8.000 squares miles about Jamestowu
did not contain 1.000 natives. The
rest were slain or captured or had
taken flight. Opechancanough rallied
his stricken braves as best be could.
and for twenty years he waged an in
termittent warfare against the white
men. All the time he secretly planned
a mighty blow for vengeance. At last,
in 1648, 1e thought his chance had
come. He heard that there was die
satisfaction among the colonists over
the actions of Sir William Berkeley,
the local English governor. Tils
seemed a good time to strike
Opechancanough was then over ninety
years old, and so feeble he could not
open his eyes without help. Neverthe
less he raised a new Indian rebellion
against the English and was carried
along, on a litter, at the head of his
savage forces. in April. 1644. the mas
sacres began. Within two days 306
edolonists wre slaughtered sad whole
districts desolated. But Governor
Berkeley, at the head of a colonial
army, met agd routed the Indians aad
captured pld Opechancanough.
Opechascanougb was taken to
Jamestown. There he was pl.oed u
der the charge of a white soldier.
Opechancanough's braves had killed
members of this latter's family. So
the soldier, in cqld blood, shot and
mortally wounded the aged captive.
But Lieut. CoL Garnet Wolseley (Ia
ter famous as Lord Wolseley) march
ed against him with 1,000 regulara
Riel had no army competent to with
stand such a force. So he fled from
Fort Garry and escaped into the
United States. The Canadian gow
ernment offered a $5,000 reward for
his arrest But when, a little later, he
came back to Manitoba. no one laid
hands on him. In fact, three years
afterward he was elected by his local
admirers a member of the Canadian
parliament Ths was too much for
even so patient a government as that
of the Dominion. Riel was not allow
ed to take his seat in parliament But.
next year, in 1874. he was re-elected.
He went to the parliament house at
Ottawa, signed his name to the rolls
and was sworn in as a member. But
when the news of this step reached
the English townsfolk of Ottawa there
was a storm of indignation and threats
that forced the half-breed "ex-pred
dent" to fee from the city.
A Mad Prophecy.
Thence Riel amved to Montana. but
a deputation of Indians and halt
breeds followed and bqgged him to
come to' Manitobs again and light for
their rights. So back he came. He
found a dispute raging between the
natives and the English. A second
time he put himself at the head of a
"provincial government" in the north
west, captured the Duck Lake Indian
agent and others and seised Canadian
offcial staore. Next he thrashed a
force of mounted pollee and volun
teers sent to crush him, and it was
not until a larger body of troops was
hurled against him that he was de
feated and captured. Riel was tried
tor treason. His counsel made an in
sanity plea. Riel declared himself
perfectly sane and shouted:
"If you put me to death I shall rise
He was hanged November 16, 188.
There was Areclindignation at what
was deemed the heedlessly severe ac
tion of the government in putting a
lunatic to death.
down into the village from Its place
on the hillside. The owner of the
villa, as likely as not, will be found
to be an Englishman-a retired
Manchester coutton spinner or a ship
owner from LiverpooL
Hrew England Grows.
A great deal of interest is taken in
England in the question of coast pro
tection. The ocean, assalintag the
cliffs, gradually tears them away, but
this very process ftrnishes a defense
for the land by building up long beach
es f sand and shingle which arrest
the waves before they can attack the
cliffs. An effort is making to prevent
or better regulate, the removal of this
material for construction and road
building, because in many places Its
removal has permitted the sea freely
to exert its power of erosieon.
The Ordinance Survey has aeer
tained that in the last thirty-fie years
England has lost. 6,0 acres by sea
erosion, and ained 48,000 acres
through reelaiming land the existence
of which is mainly dun to material
brought down by the rhrvrs.--lm the
Educated gi wiLif
Man Never F
By GEORGE H. MARTIN
ROM time immemorial a man who has been to deJool has
called educated, and one who has bee'. to college has
thought to be highly educated.
Education has been supposed to begin when school
began and to end with school or college graduation. After
a new existence began, called "life."
According to the modern idea, education is life, of
the school work is but a part. It begins with life; it is
finished. It is a gradual change wrought in the mind
action of the mind itself and can never cease.
The world of things and of people is the chief means of
The flowers, the birds, the changing of the seasons, the experiences
and the people we meet set at work the powers of thought and
and will, and by this work a man is educated.
The necessities of life by stimulating to thought and exertion ed
Because a man must have food and clothes and shelter he must think
plan and work. Hand and eye and brain are trained together.
the skilled artisan is an educated man.
The unknown in nature stimulates some men. To uncover
secrets requires keen and patient observation and a genius for hard
Hence, discoverers and inventors are educated men.
But the most important part of education comes from in
with people. From this side comes the education in love and duty
The actions of people stimulate imitation and emulation. By
men grow in power and skill. From observation of the character of
men form ideals of character for themselves and are transformed
Herein lies the consummate educative power in Christianity-the
forming power of the Divine Man.
According to this new idea, education is.
merely receiving but giving; not learning almos
doing. The educated man is open-eyed and
minded, quick to respond to influences from
learning from all his experiences and growing i
as he grows in knowledge.
Education is an individual matter. No two
can be educated alike in manumner or degree The
spond to different influences and grow in
ways. One becomes educated by way of achods
colleges and life, another by life alose. The
of a man's education is the measure of his us l
It may be proved sciezqtally thcay
acts of animals can be aeoonted for
out supposing t0em to poste the
reasoning, of drawing elaseus
Have Not prmis. They i n n of
Facu y ing and this becomes more evleat whi'.
compare their actions with thes. of
All men, in full possemuia of their
Reasoning utie, can grp, he s t It t io
tween means and Bde, ivetlg and
B.y A. ISTE ing new and various meanm, i to a
plish their desigan Brate' iials
do so; they ean only foleo the one
track to which their specifle nature determis them.
A man can improve himself by study, by exertions of bhis
but brutes cannot do this. They may be taught varine oetiis't
(but they cannot improve themselves.
A race of men may increase in knowledge and eivfiliat,
act now as they were always known to act.
While brute animals have not the faculty of reason, th
power or aptitude for the proper guidance of their actions, whiri
for them the place of reason. This is called instinct. r.
It is the natural impulse that prompts animals to do what r
to the individual and the species. .
,¶'his matter of "tippin" bi.
so serious and so univeral that 'r7
people inclined to leave' home a
to venture because of the prevailing
Nuisance Jiotel accommodations are
for by the traveling public with
Becoming expected. The "sme is trme of tle
rant, whose printed meanu nakes a
M atte ' The present "system" amoqg al:
_ _ _ _ all sorts of waiters is to essxeat t
By l N lll AY KING expect a fee, which if not comp.i7l
,_ _,_ .means trouble. Can this eastem
anything less than an iaultad s a
planned hold-up? There should be an end to it, and all wuldk
of public hIstelries of whatsoever kind should have the peistive
Some of the leading hotels in Chicago publish their rates,
not questioned, but say nothing about the abominable custom of
among their waiteas, which is sure to be experienced.
It is gratifying to know the press of the country is lbeeomil
ested along these lines. The wholesalers are confoundel ad
importance of action, for are not the hotels and resta·urnts la
pendent upon the patronage of the tens.of thousands of traveliag
men they employ?
Diphtheria and other eoaonts.l
albzost all infectious diisss a
from fermenting of the stouCeh,
tends to the bowels. Thw epid ei
Of suit fron a change in the
Swhi,: results in a partial el
M any sven million pore of the bond.
It is estimated thEl th0e
ounces of effete and worsotwt 1a35*15
Diseases gap from thebody of s adt f
and from children in proptrtis. I1
a, tU. nmasoonm.n. . When the skin contreishY _
'_ _ _ _ these poisonous impurities aem I
taken up by the circulatie d a
minutes the entire blood is contaminated. When them .
even in warmnn weather fires should be built in school hoDa*
wherever the disease exists, so as to change the htmo
condition, as well as to keep adults and children warm.
be well dreseed early and not have their little limbs b."
't'hsb sal o her hygienic measures follok wed, t
be far less epidti Js anxiety and alarm. and v
ise out" of les m.d a very great nancial ret I