Union of America
Matters f Especial Moment to I
bi Progressive Agriculturist
"ma money is only coveted by foul- it
jI men. q
JuY is ar Iad as a mortgage as
Ighber of sleep ft
s be satlsted till you are out
tbe scrub-stock class. F
10 is very likely to go blind when Il
Sllrlhas more dollars than sense.
T iW is good luck in a horseshoe I(
: it is fastened to the horse's foot.
Jth may move mountains, but the tl
- . shovel is not to be overlooked.
Slls things will not work on the
m; you cannot bluff good crops out n
a, th a i
pua't overload. It is a wise driver
: knows just how much his team if
Aft your hogs of the one-strip-lean e
.1 Add another strip by feeding
, a man who has not learned to say
have a great deal to unlearn
, ha succeeds.
*0 does not have very much on a
whll en it comes to rising up again
* krive the greatst profits from
hry, have at least one-half of
claws freshen in the fall. n
'.gs greatat thing that makes for C
'smje in any walk of life is to be
when opportunity knocks. e
because a man wears a dirty D
and filthy boots and dirty over
y the house is no sign that he is b
fpm men might be better farmers
Offp had better farms, and some
)sbetter farms because they are 1
tarmer who reads his farm pa
ij goit should be read will have
---6lMga to think about while he '
g4~oot his farm.
,- politician w bo looks forward a
a'ghgt back, and who lends a hand to
'=' letlon of current problems, is no u
ei -1 , but a statesman.
1 SSE OF THE HIGH PRICES
f imlen Produce Nothing, but Wax I
.it on Labor of Producer and
a -taake us tired to hear some peo
, bin the farmer for the high
ai of food products. Such people
uI,, know anything abodt, the sub
the attempt to discuss. Because
are obliged to pay 40 oents for
g i melon they are certain that
b t smer gets it least 35 cents for
*s mloa. Such people have no
9Dg~ ag powers at all. They live
, nitle world of about ten miles in
mtifeter and are wholly unacquainted
the problems of the world at
The fact is that the lndirana
gets about ten cents for the
that the consumer in Racine
40 cents for. Go into any city
t and ask for a cut of water
You will get a slice which is
h ir one-seventh of a whole
and you will pay ten cents for
the price the farmer receives for
*. whole melon. Where does the
46 or 50 cents go to?
A melon grown by the Indiana
passes through the hands of
or three commission men before
3afebes the Wisconsin consumer,
-4lu the Wisconsin Agriculturist.
Sdifferent railroad companies get
- aek at it and finally the grocery
-1 gets his profit out of It. So that
mthe time the Indiana farmer
the melon at his railway sta
aad it is placed on the table in
in. five different kinds of busi
get a commission out of it. Five
en get a profit out of that
and each one gets about as
Ab as.,the farmer got for the whole
Smiddlemen. are parasites.
_' [ produce nothing, but wax fat off
I &hor of the producer and consum
. They are the cause of high prices,
'_ pmy the farmer as little as powe
Sand charge the consumer as
i as he will stand.
- tb~ story of the melon is true of
" fod products. The farmer does
get enough for his products and
Wemsumer pays too much for them.
- difflerence goes into the pockets
Co, mission men, railroads, express
lea, grocers, butchers, packing
If ome one can find a way in which
Sfrmer and the consumer can be
lt closer together, thus elimlnat
' the great body of parasites, the
of living will be greatly reduced
i~ the farmer will get fair compen
for his labors.
S]h not buy a couple of high-class
" U A few years hence you will
Sable to give ycur boy a nice little
-wk of eowes. in the meanitime rals
year own rams, selling the surplus
Ymar neighbors. doing a little mis
Utary work and they cost no more to
mm than the kind that are Just
Secret of Success.
A laudable pride to maintain the
t- y of the land. to keep the
'oes and buildings In good repair
Wto impro e the home surroundings
ibeld lead to contentment.
SNo license is needed by the poultry
hunter. All that Is needed Is
unition and an embraced oppor
. There's no penalty, except to
,4 pays to go to the man who
5 how to shoe a horse even it
ilyes ten miles away.
GAIN MADE BY CO-OPERATION
Movement That Has for Its Aim De
velopment of Modern Industrial
ism Strikes Canada.
Ily ALEX M'1 \FIIl.. (thlef of Fruit DI- 1
Vision, 1) epartnin.nt of Agriculture. Ot
t.+1R. Ont I
No treatment of co-operative apple
selling in Canada would be adequate
that did not connect it with the world
wide movement of co-operation, which
is working a revolution in agriculture.
It would leave a wrong impression if
we were to take the view that coop
erative apple-selling associations in
Canada are sporadic affairs, originat
ing in local and individual causes and I
wholly unconnected with world-wide d
movements. As a matter of fact, the s
fundamental agents that developed co
operation in Denmark, Germany,
France, Italy, Sweden, Scotland, Ire
land and the t'nited States, are at t'
work here in Canada; and, though
local causes have modified the partic
ular lines that co-operative associa
tions have taken in all these countries, 0
yet they all owe their origin to the f
one great cause, namely, the develop
ment of modern industrialism which,
in its turn, originated in the develop
ment of the steam engine and, later,
in the developments connected with t
When the village handicraftsman
migrated to the factory, one source
of temporary farm labor was removed
from the neighborhood; but modern
industrialism claimed more than this
and began to draw from the farm la
borers, and soon the less successful
small farmer yielded to the magnet
ism of the town and left the country.
And so the movement has gone on,
not in one country alone but in all
countries, and Canada is no exception.
In writing some years ago. I enum
erated the advantages of co-operative
marketing under 12 heads, as follows:
1. Large stocks may be controlled
by sellers who act as a unit.
2. Uniforp packing, grading and
marking will be practiced.
3. A reputation associated with a
permanent brand or trade mark will
4. The cost of picking, packing and
marketing, including transportation,
will be reduced.
5. Fruit will be picked and packed
at the proper time.
6. Less common varieties will be
7. Storing facilities will be provid
ed for in better shape.
8. Direct selling at the point of pro
duction will be encouraged.
9. Packages will be brought in
large quantities or manufactured on
the premises, with t material reduc
tion In cost.
10. The placing of the purely com
mercial part of the industry in the
hands of competent men whose inter
ests are connected with those of other
members of the association.
11. Spraying by hand or power out
fits co-operatively, in some cases will
12. The manager and the better
growers among the patrons will have
every inducement to stimulate the
less progressive members to better
It is unnecessary to enlarge upon
each individual point. I may be per
mitted to testify, however, to the fact
that the experience of many success
ful co-operative associations has borne
out this enumeration of advantages.
They do not all work with equal force
in every society, but their truth will
not be denied.
SHORTHORN IS GOOD MILKER
f Cow That Will Give Profitable Amount
of Milk and Make Good Beef Is
t When a farmer has decided to make
cows his moneymaking stock, the
t question arises what breed shall be
r keep, says a writer in the Agricultur
ist. In the first place, no farmer need
have two or more breeds of cattle on
the same farm. Let him select the
Sbreed that suits him best and suart in
t with a pedigreed herd, small or large
as circumstances may dictate, or if he
Scannot afford the pedigreed temales
use a pedigreed bull on a good cross
of the breed desired; then, having
Smade his start, stay with the breed as
Slong as he farms. There is no great
'difference among the breeds. Each one
a- fills its own place and locality to a
large degree will determine the breed
to be selected. There can be no doubt
Sof the value of the general purpose
Scow, and as long as farmers make
dmoney breeding them the type will
'- not be abandoned.
a A cow that will give a profitable
" amount of milk and make good beef in
g time, except when she is in flush of
milk, is a paying investment for the
h general farmer; also, a farmer wants
a regular breeder. It is for these reo,
sons I chose dairy Shorthorns, and I
e have paid off the mortgage as the re
d sult of my choice. All of my cows give
Supward of 8,000 pounds of milk a year
and breed large, healthy calvre. I
my herd is a two-year-old with a rec
ord of 10,495 pounds of milk. This
same heifer was second in a butter fat
i contest at Syracuse in 1910, all breeds
e The minute a cow is not wanted in
- the herd she will bring from $50 to $80
5 as beef, which makes a considerable
- item so long as the cow has been up
o to that time a profitable milker. The
at Shorthorn is hardy and does not re
quire a large amount of grain, being
a great forager and consumer of silage
S Determines Chick's Growth.
Ir It is the care the chicks receive at
1 the time they leave the brooder that
determines their growth.
Beware of Cholera.
7 If by any chance you have a hog
is die of cholera, don't drag it over the
r- ground where other hogs are. Put It
to on a stoneboat and keep the grass and
even the earth from infection.
to Grass and green feed are what ea
if able the farmer to produce cheap
PROPHECY WAS TRUE
Tragedy Rests on House Near
Grave of Slain Wooer.
-urse That Rests Over Place Near II
St. Joseph, Mo, Had Its Incep- u
tion When Two Rival Gypsies p
Fought Over Girl. y
St. Joseph, Mo.-Built upon tl
he unmarked grave of a mur- d
tered wooer, a little house
stands upon a lonely knoll near Sax- h
Lon station, seven miles east of St. o
Joe, Mo., a thing accursed and a
shunned by those who know its his- e
tory. They fear the baleful influ- l
.nces which are said to surround it. f
During the 12 years it has been t
standing eight lives have been blotted G
out by violent means, illness and ill a
fortune have followed the adve.t of
new tenants, the crops have failed, d
.while those on neighboring farms r
prospered and a sequence of misfor- I
tunes has dogged the footsteps of t
those who have braved the place and t
The curse that hangs over the place c
began before the house was built. It a
had its inception when two young c
gypsies, rivals for the hand of a
daughter of the tribe, fell out over
their love affairs and fought. The
vanquished one stole up behind his
sleeping rival that night and plunged
a knife into his back. Then he went
to the king of the band and confessed 1
ghat he had done.
Whatever the motive which inspired
the king-whether his heart was with
the murderer or whether he did not
want an investigation by the author -
ties-he ordered that the body of the
slain man be taken to the knoll near
by and buried.
It was years later that Christopher
Schroers, a young farmer, building the
house to shelter the wife whom he I
soon proposed to take, looked down I
from the roof he was shingling to see
standing at the foot of his ladder an 1
aged gypsy crone. She expressed a
desire to tell his fortune.
"The fates are unkind,' said the
gypsy dolefully, shaking her head. I
"You are soon to be married. You I
dream of a long life ahead. You 1
think to gather with your children
and grandchildren about this place.
But in your hand I see naught but
trouble. Your dreams will not come
true. You will meet a death of vio
lence, and your widow will be left to
" Get out with your bad-luck tales,"
said Schroers and laughed again.
"I read a-truly." said the gypsy.
" The house that you build shall be a
house of ill luck. Beneath one of the
trees that shades it there lies a body
-one of my own tribe who was buried
there by the hands of his friends.
His spirit cries out for vengeance and
Ho~ap on Which Curse Rests.
a peaceful, hallowed grave. Until
th. is accomplished there shall be
no rest for those who live here."
Schroers returned to his work whist
ling. If he ever thought of the gypsy
woman's prophecy he did not mention
it to the girl he soon married and
took to live in the new house. A few
months later, returning from St
Joseph qne night, Schroers allowed
his wagon to tarry a moment too long
on the railway crossing almost in
front of his own gate. They picked
up his mangled body a hundred feet
away, and the wreck of his wagon
was scattered along the right of way.
Tragedy has marked the place ever
FIND OPIUM IN MAIL BAGS
$5,000 Worth Found In One on a
Pacific Llner-U. 8. Offtce to
Probe Japan Ports
Honolulu.-Smugglers of opium in
their efforts to dcircumvent the cus
toms authorities at American ports
have been using mailbags uas carriers
of the contraband. Discovery of this
method taken by the smugglers was
made sometime ago, but has been
kept secret while an investigation
was under way.
On a steamer, which arrived at
Honolulu from the Orient on August
8. a mailbag was found which, in
stead of containing letters, was
stuffed with $5,000 worth of opium
Either mailbags long have been sura
reptitiously used for this. purpose by
collusion between postal employes
Shere and at some Oriental port, or
the bag has been opened aboard the
steamer during the voyage, its mail
matter destroyed and the Utns or
Assistant United States Attorney
feneral Gordon weht from here tr
Tapan. and it Is said his mission 'lt
to extend the inveetigation to Japan
MEANING OF "AT HALF MAST"
at First Universal Symbol Was Token 0
of Submission and Respect n
For Enemy. d
Perhaps you have noticed that when- h
ever a prominent person dies, espe
cially if he is connected with the gov
ernment, the flags on public build
ings are hoisted only Dart of the way
up, remarks the Toronto Mail and Ex- l
press. This is called "half mast." Did
you ever stop to think what connec
tipn there could be between a flag
that was not properly hoisted and the
death of a great man?
Ever since flhgs were used in war it i
has been the custom to have the flag
of the superior or conquering nation
above that of the inferior or vanquish
ed When an army found itself hope
lessly beaten it hauled its flag down
far enough for the flag of the victors
to be placed above it on the same
pole. This was a token not only o
submission, but of respect.
In those days when a famous sol- 4
dier died flags were lowered out of
respect to his memory. The.custom
long ago passed from purely mill
tary usage to public life of all kinds, t
the flag flying at half mast being a
sign that the dead man was worthy
of universal respect. Tte spape left
above it is for the flag of the great
conqueror of all-the angel of death.
RED, ROUGH HANDS MADE
SOFT AND WHITE
For red, rough, chapped and bleed
Ing hands, dry, fissured, itching, burn
ing palms, and painful finger-ends,
with shapeless nails, a one-night Cutl
cura treatment works wonders. Di
rections: Soak the hands, on retir
ing, in hot water and Cuticura Soap.
Dry, anoint with Cuticura Ointment.
and wear soft bandages or old, loose
gloves during the night. These pure,
sweet and gentle emollients preserve
the hands, prevent redness, roughness
and chapping, and Import in a single
night that velvety softness and white
ness so much desired by women. For
those whose occupations tend to in
Jure the hands, Cuticura 8osp and Cu
ticura Ointment are wonderfuL
Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold
throughout the world. Sample of each
free, with 22-p. Skin Book. Address
post-card "Cticura, Dept. I. Boston."
Adulation Pleased Rousseau.
Rousseau, whose bicentenary cele
bration occasioned a riot in Paris the
other day, created a sensation when
he visited England in 1766. "Rousseau
and his Armenian dress," wrote Lord
Charlemont, "were followed by
crowds when he first arrived in Lon
don and as long as this species of
admiration lasted he was contented
and happy. Garrick not only gave a
supper in his honor, but played two
characters specially to please him.
Rousseau was highly gratified, but
Mrs. Garrick declared that she had
never spent a more unpleasant eve
ning in her life, the philosopher be
ing so anxious to display himself,
and hanging over the front of the
box so much, that she was obliged to
hold him by the skirts of his coat to
prevent him from falling over into
German Farmer Good Business Man.
Under a seemingly generous offer
of hospitality, a North German farm
er has managed to include a good
stroke of business for himself. In a
Hanover paper recently appeared
an advertisement that from fifteen to
twenty women and girls (not under
twelve years of age) who needed re
cuperation could have free board and
lodging on a country estate. But in
exchange they would be required to
pick peas from eight to ten honurs
daily. Industrious pickers might also
be paid cash for their labor.
Best Books for Children.
Eugene Field, asked 'fpor the best
ten books for young people under six
teen years of age, is said to have
given this list: "Pilgrim's Progress,"
"Robinsona Crusoe," Anderson's Fairy
Tales, Grimm's Fairy Tales, "Scottish
Chiefs," "Black Beauty," "The Ara
bian Nights," "Swiss Family Robit
son," "ULittle Lord Fauntleroy," '"Tom
Brown's School Days," fotar boys, or for
girls, "Little Women."
Electrlo Fans in inia.
Although It costs but 6 cents a day
in India for men to wave tans to keep
the air circulating in houses, they are
gradually being replaced by electrie
.lan as cheaper and more reliable.
roe IDIVE 0o
ps. mes4 sjldtss Eases
"I am sure when I go to the ety to
see my rich cousin, she will put me u
der her own roof."
"You bet she will Directly under."
As a summer totc there is no medicie
Lbst quite compaees with OXIDINk It not
3nly bullds ap 1t sm, bat takes e
alarny, pmmueR egubLr aTas
Much Gazing Around Required.
It is compted that it takes twelve
acres of land to graze one head ol
rattle on Texas range land.
To prevent Malari a far better tbea
to cure Lt. In malarial conntrotes take a
ioe of OXIDINE rehularly onee each week
mad sve yourself from Chills an Fever and
nher malarial troobles.
Ancient Idea of Daneing.
Dancing was originally a means of
expressing religious feeling.
Makes the laundress ham-that's Red
'ros Ball Blue. Make latifs, stear
white clothes. All good goa r
The palmist an read your future
Keep on trying; it's often the Iat
key of the bunch that opens the doer.
D a P
MI T~r- br .wmwgq wr·w,- -- byY~lt v~ Te~·likl ~ kl~~ 1~~r n'
Cold Blooded and Death Dealing
CHILLS. Cheatham's Chill Tonic is the
only medicine which has entirely cured b
me of chills. After spending a great
deal of money for several years to get
cured. I bought and used your Cheat- W
ham's Chill Tonic which cured me and to
also two of my children. I recommend E
it to all as the best Chill Tonic I ever
saw, says Mr. T. J. House of Bulcher,
Texas. Guaranteed to care malaria or
price promptly refunded. All dealers t
sell it in 60c bottles. Mtd. by A. B.
Richards Medicine Company, Sherman.
"Say, if you take us out in this
hired car, is the ride on your'
"Yes, if at the end of it, the car
Instead of liquid antiseptics, tablets
and peroxide, for toilet and medicinal t
uses, many people prefer Paxtine,
which is cheaper and better. At drug
gists, 25c a box or sent postpaid on re
ceipt of price by The Paxton Toilet
Co., Boston, Mass.
If you would win life's battle you a
must be a hard hitter and a poor quit
DoP't Poison Baby.
FORTY YEARS AG~ ahnost every mother thought her child must have
PAREGORIO or laudanam to make it sleepl. These drugs will produce
sleep, and A FEW DROPS TOO MANY wll produce the SLEEP FROM WHICH
THERE S NJO WAKING. Many are the children who have been killed or
whose health has been ruined for life by paregoric, laudanm and morphine, each
of which is a narootIc product of opium. Druggists are prohibited fom selling
either of the narqotics named to children at all, or to anybody without labelling
them "poison. The definition of "narcotio" is: ". medicinew iocrelie pai&.
and produces saeep, bu6 which in poisonous doressprodwceastupr,onma, oorwuJ
stoni ancd deathA " Thetaste andsmall ofmedicinese ontaining op7umare disguised,
and sold under the names of "Drops," "Oordials, "~Soothing Sp " eto. You
should notipermit any medicine to be given to your children without you or,
your physician know of what it is composed. CASTOBIA DOES NOT 00
TAIN NARBOOTI8S, if it bears the signature of Cha. H. Flatcher.
Letters from Prominent Physicidans
addressed to Ches. H. Fletcher.
Dr. J. W. Diasals.e of nge a, eq, : r Iy s as yeoar Crteria e
Io *s Itse Ine lall ames wher there are dlldkem"
Dr. Alader I. Mintie Cleead. Obio ser "' hO bes geMIIWm
ptibe your Comriad m ls " rt a t A a iatd O NI"m
fa for ohldrea."
Dr. Agn.s V. Swetlad, of Omlba, Nei., sayr: "rae Cs el b
te best sremsdy in the r rdd ti r em th eatemeh aI .a sad
A co4os a Pss Cfs. Dr. J. A. Mcalelams, ubia4 N* T tairq.: h baieeallky wesera
yde afar Castora fr ehadre sad aiwar gotod ranesulis ta I ft sI
Eb Iifqm~l.. caslia for myr oa ehlldien.
gagDr. J. W. Ale, of St. Loauis , M e rs: 1 heartily eame our am
tortsa. I have frequenatly prescribed St In my mdical psass and hav
always found It to do all that I la med tfor t."
Dr. C. H. oUldden, at S. Paul, M a. saus: My enerlsasi as a rae.
tUtlomer with your Ostarla has been hbily sattsatory, sad I ooadler M
an eZaOllent remed for the youn."
ea rI Dr. H. D. Benner, of Philadelphia. Pa, sys: " 1a an rl Cm
OAIAC oc. tlort as a purstlve In the cases e hldren far years past wtk ts the
bhpy effect, and ifuly endorse t as a ae remedy."
Si Dr. J. A. Boarman, of Kasas Cl.ty. .sys: "aear C'todrea I a l
,r • edi ramedy for children, know the world over. I uas It tn am praoe
fsad hare no bhetns In re esmmmainI St faor the eonspla"elas f rat
SDr. ý... MacUbe, t Brooakya, T., mas: "I easmer yaw Cor
S emsallenat preparatia for ehldrea, beng composed oft sdeliabtle stiss
ad pleuant to the test. a in esdy or al d'btbaess a he
-- dagestiverg asas."
SosauIn CASTORIA ALWAYS
was onssorm ar the igtre of
The ald You aeie Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years,
astr copy of w apper* s m,. w ma.snene ss.. am
rtNY WiC.GOME heWs.
Tesule-Mr. Bore aid oao* god
thing at least last lght..
Jessle-Wbht was thatt
Tessle-He said he bad to go early.
The Leve ie Fletole and Life.
A perlodieal devoted to the drams
pleads for plays based on some emo
tion other than love. The difculty in
producting such plays is that every
play must have a hero, and in mak
Ing a hero the playwright, as well as
his audience, almost Inevitably adopts
the view expressed 2,000 years ago by
a scribbler of the dead walls of Pom
peiil: "He who has never loved a
woman is not a gsetleman."
As a summer reto there Is no medalate
tat quite eompeam with OXIDINE. It nso
only beldbs up theuI bat eat w r
Ne Kiek C.ming~
"But the portrat doesa't resemble
"Them what are you keikiag about?'
Soda to Brighten China. N
Soda wilt brighten china that has
been burned or darkened by long use.
A great majority of summer Ills am
due to Malaria in suppressed form. Las
situde and headaches are but two symp
toms. OXIDINE eradicates the
germ sand tones up the entire system.
Irrigation in Australia.
Australia is Irrigating more than
two million acres of graing lands
with artesian wells.
If your appetite is nos what it should be
perhaps Malaria is developing. It affects
the whole system. OXIDINE will clear
sway the germs, rid you of Malaria and gen
erally Improve your condition.
"I thought your father looked very
handsome with his gray hairs."
"Yes, dear old chap. I gave him
Don't be misled. Ask for Red Cross
Ball Blue. Makes beautiful white clothes.
At all good grocers.
The czar of Russia has 102 vast pal
aces, employing a staff of 32,000 ser
vants. with an annual payroll of $4.
FOR BACKACHE , RnBUMATI3I
KIDNEYS AND BLADDER
EAl ISE MIS, AlU eIE THEM
on ~ ..-alnow DO.
WHY MEN DRINK raR ADD
TIE KEELEY ISTTITIE', 2 FA E, NT SP3I$ AKAISASrr
The faster a chap b , the quicker he
Rgurlr preaso¶al]liuh_ nmemout
aad poresribe OiI) tar Malaria, bemuse
tLs a proven reimed by yeas d eperlos.
Yeepa boads Ia the eusilis dqet sad
ister at lest sigan Chls sad etrer.
"I put this breakwater wall there to
make a show."
"I notice it eats a dash."
WIs WIeew aem Syrup fr calhe
tehing., softenshe gumsn, redeem Laams.
eso.anaus pass, vesa wat ils. a a beds.
If the ciiaga type of woman could
only hag aoto ca*s!
CURE MY BACK?
Common sense will do more to
cure backache than anything else.
Twll tell you whether the kidneys
are sore, swollen and aching. It
will tell you In that case that there
is no use trying to cure it with a
plaster. If the passages are scant
or too frequent, proof that there is
kidney trouble is complete. Then
common sense will tell you to use
Doan's Kidney Pills, the best ree
ommended special kidney remedy.
An Arname"s Case
White. s416 ree
N. 3rd Ut.. c~ur
Ft. Smth n
Ark., smys: gay
eye r ything
ble. I had
ed and m y
e o n tantly,
enred me enmpletely san I hae had no sinp of
kidaey trunue saince."
Get Dass's at ay Drug Store. Sec. a DBo
Doan s Pills
This is a prescriptio prepared especia
ly for Chills sad Fever. Five or idoes
will break any case of Chills sad Fever.
and if taken then as onic tthe Fer will
not return. It acts as the lir bette them
Calomel and does not ripe or sichme. 23.
ý W ! Wr, am altyemove sw -.
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W. N. U, Little Rock, NO. 87-1L
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