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OF THE UNITED STATES. r-rlL
·rl·i -r -; ·· ·r, Y:: - M A t r·~u~:r·
PARCEL POST RATES REGULATED
THROUGH SYSTEM OF ZONES
Uncle Sam's New Enterprise Clearly Explained-How Charges Are
Fixed and What Class of Merchandise May Be Carried
Through the Mails Under the New Law.
By EDWARD B. CLARK.
With the coming of the New Year
the United States government will en
ter into a new field of enterprise
the transm'ttal of merchandise by what
is known as the parcel post.
It is no exaggeration to say that
thousands upon thousands of inquir
ies have been made of the postmaster
general as to just what the parcel
post will mean to the people. It was
the law of congress establishing the
system which made provision for a
division of the country in zones
and into 35,000 units which are to be
used as centers in describing the cir
cles which mark the boundaries of
the zones. There has been no clear
understanding, apparently, of this
zone system, but really it is a very
The accompanying map shows the
country divided into zones from the
unit in which Washington is sit
uated, as the center. Accompanying
the map is a table showing the rate
of postage per pound for parcels from
Washington to places within all the
Each unit contains an area thirty
miles square Now each unit is a
center from which the zones are
drawn and so every unit in the coun
try no matter where it is situated will
have zones drawn from it just exactly
as Washington has them drawn from
it. For instance, take Keokuk. Ia..
which is in a unit in the fifth zone
FProm that will be drawn circles ex
actly as they are drawn from Wash
ington and they will be numbered from
Keokuk as number one, just as they
are numbered from Washington as
number one Of course, however.
Zone 8ix will have a different geo
graphical position as related to Keo
kuk than it has as related to Wash
ington, but as the radius of the circles
RATES OF POSTAGE
Parcels weighing four ounces or less are mallable at the rate of one
cent for each ounce or fraction of an ounce, regardless of distance. Par
cels weighing more than four ounces are mailable at the pound rate. as
shown by the following table, and when mailed at this rate any fractior
of a pound is considered a full pound.
5lst zone 2nd 3d 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th
Wt. Local Zone zone zone zone zone zone zone zone
Lbs. rate, rate. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate. rate.
1 .......... $0.05 $0.05 $0.06 $0.07 $0.08 $0.09 $0.10 $0.11 $C.1.
2 .......... .06 .08 .10 .12 .14 .16 .19 .21 .24
3 ......... .07 .11 .14 .17 .20 .23 .28 .31 36
4 .......... .08 .14 .18 .22 .26 .30 .37 .41 48
5 .......... .09 .17 .22 .27 .32 .37 .46 .51 6C
6 .......... .10 .20 .26 .32 .38 .44 .55 .61 72
7 .......... .11 .23 .30 .37 .44 .51 .64 .71 84
8 .......... .12 .26 .34 .42 .50 .58 .73 .81 9
9 .......... .13 .29 .38 .47 .56 .65 .82 .91 1
10 .......... .14 .32 .42 .52 .62 .72 .91 1.01 1 2
11 .......... .15 .35 .46 .57 .68 .79 1.00 1.11 1.32
*For a full explanation of the rates of postage in the First Zone .
the Parcel Post Guide.
Broker--Our bookkeeper has stolen
$50.000 fromw us and lost it at Skin
emm & Shark's.
Partner--Well, we'll get him a Job
at Skinnem & Shark's and let him do
his trading with us.
Look That Gves Joy.
Gold and silver may supply us with
the neoessaries of life, with food and
drlak, clothes and houses; but they
cannot give the joy of a kind look.
drawn from Keokuk is the same
length as the radius of the circles
drawn from Washington. Keokuk's
Zone Six will be just as far from its
center as Washington's Zone Six is
How Rates Are Fixed.
It can be seen from this readily
enough that the postal rates from
Washington to its particular zone will
be the same as the postal rates from
Keokuk to its particular zones. Each
unit being about thirty miles square
will of course contain in most cases a
number of postofflices, but each office
in the same unit is considered as be
ing the center of the circles from
which the zones are drawn The
rates of postage are fixed from the
unit In which the sending postoffice is
situated, but the price to every place
in any zone is just the same. To il
lustrate, it will cost exactly the same
amount to send a parcel from Wash
ington to Erie, Pa., that it costs to
send it to Atlanta Ga.. because Eri,
and Atlanta with reference to Wash
ington are situated in the fourth
zone. The rates therefore are fixed
from the unit in which the postoffic'
is located, but they are the same
from that office to any point in any
It will be seen by reference to the
table of rates of postage that it will
cost more per pound to send a pack
age a long distance than It does to
send it a short distance. The rate in
creases for a package weighing one
pound at the rate of one cent for
each zone No package weighing
more than 11 pounds can be sent un
der the new parcel post law it
should be said right here that on the
long hauls the parcel poet may not
be able to compete with the express
companies, but that on shorter hauls
it can so compete. It was the ex
pressed desire of the legislators ani
"You meet some oddities in busl
"Give me an instance of what you
"It takes a promising young man to
establish a paying trade."
A world without a Sabbath would be
like a man without a smile, like a
summer without fowers and like a
homestead without a garde..-Beech
ul the postoffice officials that the par
cel post system should be made of
particular use to persons having farm
and factory products to transmit to
customers. It can be said in a general
way that anything can be sent which
is properly wrapped and which will
not injure other mail matter with
which it may come in contact.
Copy Foreign Countries.
It Is probable that the government
will adopt a means of transportation
for certain kinds of its merchandise
much like those which have been
adopted in parcel post countries
abroad What the English call ham
pers. basket-like arrangements, prob
ably will be adopted, and as these can
be kept separate from the ordinary
mail matter it is believed that the
regulations as finally adopted will al
low the send;ng of eggs, butter, dress
ed poultry, live poultry, honey, fruit,
and other products of the country
The 11-pound limit for a single pack
Iage may work at first against any
very extended use of the parcel post
for some of the articles which have
been named. Of course, more weight
can be sent if it is sent in different
parcels, but the cost in that case
would be heavier, because the In
crease per pound on a single package
is not great up to 11 pounds, and
probably it would increase at no great
er rate if the government were to
-aise the limit of weight which is now
1;very postmaster in the United
States will have a parcel post map
like the one which is here reproduced
Sxcept that the zone lines will be
shown with the unit of his postoffmce
as a center. All that a postmaster
will have to do when a percel is pre
sented for transportation is to find out
in what zone the destination of the
package dies. His table will show
him instantly the rate per pound
from the unit in which his postomce
lies to the zone of the package's des
tination. the price, as has been ex
plained before, to every postomce in
any one zone being the same. The
parcel post will take nothing but
fouith-class matter. Printed matter
'a still in the third-class designation
Therefbre books cannot be sent by the
arcel post system
Rate on Seeds Not Affected.
,t should be said that the act oi
ongress which puts a parcel post
plan into operation does not in an)
way affect the postage rate on seeds
cuttings. bulbs, roots, scions and
plants as fixed by section 482 of the
postal laws and regulations
The classification of articles mail
ible as well as the weight limit, the
rates of postage, zone or zones and
other conditions of mailability under
the act of congress, if the postmaster
general shall find on experience "that
'hex or any of them are such as to
prevent the shipment of articles de
sirable, or shall permanently render
Ile cost of the service greater than
he receipts of the revenue therefrom,
he is hereby authorized, subject to
tie consent of the interstate com
merce commission after investigation.
'o return from time to time such
Iassification weight limit, rates, zone
or -ones or conditions, in order to pro
mnite the service to the public or to
insure the receipt of revenue from
tch service adequate to pay the cost
"I always did make a hit with the
women." bragged Henry VIII
"With your wit, sire?" murmured
the olisequlous courtier.
"No.' answered the monarch, with
a sly smile "With an ax."
Pomp in the East.
"I understand the king of Siam has
a white elephant." "Yes. and it gave
him great prestige until the king of
Cambodia visited Europe. He brought
back a aecond-hand taxicab."
RULES GOVERNING MAILING OF
PACKAGES UNDER NEW SYSTEM
After Jan. 1 One May Mail Anything Weighing Not More Than 11
Pounds by Parcel Post-Perishable Articles May Be
Sent Under Specific Restrictions.
Postmaster General Hitchcock has
just approved the regulations which
cover in detail the articles which may
or may not be sent by parcel post
The rules as to whba can be sent
and what cannot be sent and the in
structions for the preparation of mail
able articles with other "official ad
vice" are given here as they have just
been prepared by the postofmice de
partment in Washington.
The minimum rate will be five cents
for the first pound and three cents for
each additional pound to any point not
exceeding fifty miles from the office of
mailing; the local rate, which is five
cents for the first pound aqd one cent
for additional pound, applies to all
parcels the delivery of which does not
involve their transportation on rail
way lines. The rates increase for
each successive one of the eight zones.
the maximum rate being twelve cents
a pound. which will carry a parcel
across the continent or to any of our
possessions. Parcels will be limited
to eleven pounds in weight and six
feet in length and girth combined.
Mailable Perishable Articles.
Butter, lard and perishable articles
such as fish. fresh meats, dressed
fowls, vegetables, fruits, berries and
articles of a similar nature that decay
quickly, when so packed or wrapped
as to prevent damage to other mail
matter, will be accepted for local de
livery either at the office of mailing or
on any rural route starting therefrom
When inclosed in an inner cover and
strong outer cover of wood. met
al, heavy corrugated pasteboard or
other suitable matlrial and wrapped
so that nothing can escape from the
package, they will be accepted for
mailing to any offices within the first
zone or within a radius of 50 miles
Butter, lard, or any greasy or oily sub
stance intended for delivery at offices
beyond the first zone must be suitably
packed Vegetables and fruit that do
not decay quickly will be accepted for
mailing to any zone if packed so as
to prevent damage to other mail mat
ter. Eggs will be accepted for lobe
delivery when securely packed in
basket or other container Eggs will
be accepted for mailing regardless of
distance when each egg is wrapped
separately and packed in a container
There is no restriction on salted.
dried, smoked or cured meats and
other meat products, but fresh meat
in any form will be transported only
within the frst 7one
Parcels containing perishable arti
cles must be marked "PERISHABLE,"
and articles likely to spoil within the
time reasonably required for trans
portation and delivery will not be ac
cepted for mailing
Manufacturers or dealers Intending
to transmit articles in considerable
Smith-Has your son any fixed
habit that worries you as to his fi
Jones-Yes; he fights about ten
rounds every morning with the alarm
Success and Failure.
It is sometimes hard to find out just
how the man who is successful has
managed to succeed. but it is always
easy to see why failure comes to those
who fal.--Chicage Record Herald
quantities are asked to submit to the
postmaster for approval a specimen
parcel showing the manner of pack
Queen Bees and Nursery Stock.
Queen bees. live insects, anid dried
reptiles may be' mailed in accordance
with the regulations that now apply to
other classes of mail.
Seeds of fruit, nursery stock, and all
other plant products for preparatiba
may be mailed under the same con
Confectionery and Soap.
Candies, confectionery, yeast cakes,
soap in hard cakes. etc., must be in
closed in boxes and so wrapped as to
prevent injury to other mail mat
Sealed original packages of propri
etary articles, such as soaps, tobacco,
pills. tablets, etc., put up in hxed
quantities by the manufacturer, and
not in themselves unmallable, will
be accepted for mailing when proper
Fragile articles, such as millinery,
toys. musical Instruments. etc., and ar
ticles consisting wholly or in part of
glass, or contained in glass, must be
securely packed and the parcel stamp
ed or labeled "PRAGILE."
The following matter is declared n.
mailable by law:
Matter manifestly obscene, lewd, or
lascivious; articles intended for pr.
venting conception; articles intended
for indecent or immoral purposes; all
matters otherwise mailable by law, the
outside cover or wrapper of which
bears any delineation or language of
a libelous, scurrilous, defamatory, or
threatening character. All such mat
ter, when deposited in a post offce or
FACTS ABOUT THE NEW PARCEL POST
The new parcel poet goe Into operateon January 1, 1511.
Only malil matter now Included In fourth class, or merchandise, will
Perishable articles such as butter, lard, fruts, berries and dressed
fowls may be sent short distanes.
Eggs for local delivery when packed In oontalners may be sent. When
packed separately they may be sent any distance.
Fresh meats may be sent only In the first zone (50 miles).
There are no restrictions on salted, dried or cured meats or flah.
Millinery, toys, musical Instruments, glassware and breakable goods
must be marked "fraglle."
The following may not be sent: Intoxicating Ilquors, poisons
matches, explosives, firearms and Ilve poultry.
Books and printed matter are Included In third class and may not
The weight limit will be eleven pounds.
To find the size limit: Take a plee of string 72 Inches long and wind
it once completely around the parcel and then aoros the top lengthwaye.
If the ends of the string reach the sides t the parcel It comes under the
Regular carriers will delivqr parcalels wherever possIble.
Parcels must be mailed at the poetofilce or branohes and special
stamps must be used. -
Often Something Sad.
"There are very few people In this
vorld who know what is good for
"Maybe so, but there are compsra.
Lively few people In the world who
don't know what they waht."
Force of Habit.
"Why did she want to set her hus
band's will aside" "Merely beoase
it was her husband's, and she had got
In the habit of settian his will aide."
found in the malls, shall be withdrawn
and sent to the division of dead l-t*
Intoxicants, Poisons and Inflammable
Spirituous, vinous, malted, ferment
ed, or other intoxicating liquors of any
kind; poisons of every kind, and artsi
cles and compositions containng pol,
sons, poisonous animals, insects and
reptiles; explosives of every kind; in
Inflammable material (which are held
to include matches, kerosene oil. gal
oline, naphtha, benzine, turgentine, do
natured alcohol, etc.), infernal mar
chines, and mechanical, chemical o,
other devices or compositions which
may ignite or explode; disease germs
or scabs, and other natural or artUl
cial articles, compositions or mate
rials of whatever kind which may
kill, or in any wise injure another or
damage the mail or other property.
Postmasters will refuse to receive
for mailing parcels not properly it
dorsed or packed for safe shipment.
Pistols, Animals and Birds.
Pistols or revolvers, whether in de
tached parts or otherwise; live or
dead (and not stuffed) animals, birds,
or poultry, except as elsewhere pro
vi led; raw hides or pelts, guano, or
any article having a bad odor will
not be admitted to the halls.
Insuranoe on Paroele.
A milable parcel on which the
postage Is fully prebid may be lai
sured against loss in an amount equiv
alent to Its actual value, but not to
exceed $50, on payment of a se of
ten cents in parcel post stamps, seeh
stamps to be amlxed
Parcels may be remalled or feo
warded on the payment of additional
postage at the rate which would be
chargeable if they were originally
mailed at the forwarding oaee, is
which case the necessary stamps wil
be alzxed by the forwarding postmas
ter. Payment must be made every
time the parcel ls forwarded.
Maps and Guides.
Parcel post maps, with accompany
Lng guides, are to be sold to the pnu
lie at their cost, TI cents, through the
chlet clerk of the post oice depart.
meat in ordering msps eare should
be taken to specify the post oefe
from which the postage rates are to
In the salkana
"I call for volunteersl"
"br what. generalt"
"To rush up in tront of yonder coan
traptlon and see whether It Is a new.
tangled gun or merely a movlng-pie
Chlldren Feel Inquisitive.
In the little world in which hil
drea have their exIstemnce, whatsoever
brin them up, there s nothing co
~nly percelved and so ely felt as
RELICS OF KHE
Inclosure Has Long Been
ing Place of Czars.
Ivan or Bell Tower Contailn 3
-In Front of the Arsenal C,
Still Be Seen the "Great
Moscow -The Kremlin, like the
bidden City in Pekin, is inclosea
wall entirely independent of the
circling the city, says William
in the National Geographic
It marks- the part which escapag
great conflagration when the
districts of Moscow were b
the Russians, who were besi "
Napoleon. The present wall
one of oak--some 500 years
which, like the Great Wall a
was erected as a defense far
Within this incloeure is the
palace, the treasury, the arssml
three cathedrals, which for
have respectively been the
the crowning, the marrying
burying of the czars of this
tion. The inclosure also
convent and many great
On one side, far below, flows the
Moskva, from which the city
Its name. From the river's
bank the view of the splendor of
collection of buildings is
Probably nowhere in the world
an inclosure of the dimensions of
d6scribed by the wall of the
contain precious stones ap
the value of those displayed
has been aptly stated that they
not be counted by thousad,
measured by the peck. To guard
800 soldiers are constantly a
around these buildings.
The Ivan or Bell tower is the
conspicuous structure in the
and contains 26 bells, two of
are of silver, the largest of the
lection weighlng 65 tons.
This large bell seems to lest
magnitude when we come to
the one resting on a stone fo
just outside the tower, which
200 tons. It was originally in
to hang within the walls, but soe
tar It was cast a fire destroys.
Tower and Gate of te
bullding which sheltered It,
nine gaping cracks and the
meat of a piece of the bel
nine tons. Owing to this
Its tongue has ever remained
Not far from the bell town
the arsenal, in front of whiet is
play of 850 brons eanana,
captured from the Thrtks and
Prominent among theae is the
gun," Its mouth having a
three feet, surronded by a.
shell that regard for afey
acoounts for the tuact that it, IbO
grepat bell, has never spokes.
These two curlos, coupled with
corw's prevalent ptving muate~hS
spoken of as the three sadist
ders of the city. "The heaviest
which never was rung, and the
canon which never was red,a
the greatest amount of cobblt
pavement" (which ought to be i
JOKES AS SURGEON W
Stolesl Patient laduiee In
Qulbe and Jeets In Pea nyvei
Baver+ al. P.--WOile eb l
earved an operation at the r,
Hosplital. . T. Meckia. pue -
snpector of Ellrwood Q(ty, lay
table Mad jested with those
For some time Meeklin had
letaed with a diseaseu of the
his feet, and the ailment had
so serious that an operatio
When the surgeons were
begin the operation Meklin
to take an aaesthetic of any
declared that they might proced
their work. as he was not gret
eerned over the palin.
He never whimpered durtng
eration, although the surgeons
was of a very painful nature. f
TWIN CASES OF APPEND
Brother and Sister Strioken sad
erated on Close Together of
New York,--Strlcken withins
bhours of each other, Emile anad
Thomas, twins, aged twelve,4
Taylor street, Newark. N. J,
ooveraing from appendicitis
In the Newark private hospital.
twins He side by side amid a
owaers aent In by their p
They were stricken on
I·atly, while playing, msuddenly
led up In pain The firsttoh
was her brother, who picked
sad carried her home. A
was samnoned and be found
appenadictl. Not long aterwri_
doctor discovered symptoms i _
brether, and both went to theo
setad and nder tbhe hknif