Newspaper Page Text
Union of America
Matters " Especial Moment to
the Progressive Agricul:urist
I'u i, ',y harv\-st Ic'-t it ;c,- .
' he b" :r ier v ,' hwio i if. ;
, .1d :s a a1 " on'l l.
ThCeon l; ice of a d,, ot:, 1, list
is hard to regKat.
Foll.s : it.l tail to ,r., t.rl, r that
.lott ol the gool ou lt.:,r :ramong
There are occasions wi h,'i it is up
to ht aill to apoluogiZe to the dog
Kilt.sig it not the only way to (caich
(disease, bit it is the most satlslfactory
lDOn t think you are the only one
who ha' trouble. it comnes to all.
sooner or later.
Character, friends and money are
all worth while. and the least in value
of t ''SOJ is money.
ti it ~here are many unhappy retired
rs---living in town. They have
work doing nothing.
he fellow who is rich enough to
rd a real gen-u-lne vacation is sel
weary enough to need one.
he highest duty of state and fed
I governments Is to place agricul
al education within the reach of all
If you have to start a funny story
saying you don't tell it the way it
ould be told, for heaven's sake don't
Have a plain understanding with
day help as to wages, board. rainy
her time. It may save trouble
t you can't afford It.
to farm with well-painted build
may not pay any better, but it's
eal more encouraging to the
-ung folks and a better advertise
ent of one's way of living.
What Is Co-operption?
That much-used word Is de
fined In an editorial in Financial
America as "'a concert of effort
for mutually beneficial results;
it is not a one-sided effort,
either in the expenditure of
energy or the enjoyment of
what is achieved."
"Co-operation is not an act
of charity and the American
farmer is not asking charity,"
the editorial continues. "iHe
asks that the business world
realize he is a part of it and
that they all work together for
the common advantage."
RENT PLANS FOR NEXT YEAR
Terms and Conditions of Contract
8bculd Be Very Carefully Consid
ered by All Parties Interested.
Even now tenants and owners are
making their rent plans for next year.
The terms and conditions of the con
tract should be very carefully consid
ered by both parties, for a wrong
agreement may mean loss to both.
Figures gathered on 669 farms in a
farm management survey in northeast
Missouri by O. R. Johnson of the. Mis
souri agricultural experiment station
show that the average tenant In the
area surveyed made $138 greater net
Income than the cash tenant, and that
a share of the crop paid the land
owner 1.3 per cent higher Interest on
his investment than was received by
the owner who rented for cash. The
total net income of the average ten
ant who rented all his land o' share
basis was $548, the owner receiving
4.9 per cent. While the cash renter
made $410 and paid a rent which re
turned the owner 3.6 per cent. The
tenant who rented his crop land for a
share and his grass land for cash
made a net income of $507 and the
owner received 5.9 per cent on his
The land owner is better able to
Sbear all or part of the risk of flood
or drought than the average tenant.
and the share rent plan throws part
of the risk upon tli. tenant If he is
financially responsible. If not, the
owner may lose part or all of his rent.
but he usually takes no further risks.
Land continuously rented for cash
is found to be more rapidly exhausted
.than the farm operated by the owner
or rented for shares
Cash crops must be relied upon
much more exclusively by the amount
and must pay a fixed cash rent as se
curing money for use in paying store
As the country grows older cash
rent will probably become more preva
lent and desirable \We may perhaps
approach the present condition of
England, where the tenants are
wealthy enough to stand a bad year
or two without becomning hankrupt.
Their long leases, runnting for tlftein
or twenty years. give them good oli
portunities to balance up iad seasons
with good ones. Besides th:s. the fai'r
that the owner take's a large share
of his income in the firmn of (icial
prestige attached to owning land andl
the renting and other privilteges con
nected with it enable the t-nan' to
get it for a cash rental namountit,
often only to two per cent of the ow,'l
Whitewash Poultry Buildings.
Where not already done. aR: the
pooltry buildings Should hlavo a
good coat of whitewash with c-arroice
acied or kerosene oil added. Make sure
all cracks and holes in the woodwora
are well filled with it.
Remove Trash and Rubbish.
Remove all trash and rubbishb from
the garden. If convenient, it is well
to plow or spade the land that will be
used for garden next year. This will
help to get rid of many insects and
SCHEME TO WORK TOGETHER
Farmers' Clubs Can Be Made Starting
Point for Many Co-operative
One of the striking things about the
developinlit of manufacturing. mer
hanlising and commferce is the large
s, alr on ahich they are carried on.
savs Ind,,iana Farmer This means that
a great many pieople work together.
It will hb forun that *thi work is di
vide(; up In Pu(! a way that certain
cril , f peop1,:' work at one thing
: , s o d( t ,v , lo p s e ,( t l e k l l l .en d s p e e d
, dcling th, l.u ,;: ,, r work. Other
L- :, - Ido oth, r tIn F of work. This
I:i.;:1 tihll 'vc'lV !:' i, enployei d In the
-,ni, rv dt-v-;e lops stpi.ial skill for do
eIr is oi r her ' iartic.ular line of work.
and e:ach lin of work Is under the di
ric-tinn of an expert. This results in
mnikirg the factory railroad or what
vor r it is nIore .-ffi ient.
In farming It is not so easy to brinm
this aboult., as eac.h onie must necessar
iiv ro practically all the different I
kinits of work that need to be done on
a farm. Ilowew r. one farmer will dle
v\lop particular skill in feeding hogs.
another has great success in raising
horses. Another had a special knack
for making roads, still another farmer
can make trees and fruit to do excep
tionally weill. Such farmers are ex
por4s in these lines of work. They
ought to he made the experts for the
cornmiinity so that their skill can be
brought on to all the farms in the
community. If this could be carried
out the production of the farms in
any community would be greatly in
()ne way of bringing this about is
the farmers' club The farmer who has
had success in growing hogs can tell
his neighbors how he did it. As his
farm is located right in the locality,.
anyone who is interested can visit the
farm and get more information in this
way The different lines can be gone
over in the same way. This would re- -
suit in bringing the best methods
worked out on each individual farm
on to many of the other farms in the
This would not only spread the skill
of the Individual farmer on to many
farms. but it would be a great stimu
lus to the most successful farmers.
They would have the eyes of their r
neighbor watching their methods.
They would want to do even better,
which would lead them to study their i
particular line more than ever.
A great deal could be done to en- r
courage the breeding of purebred
stock, and to confine it to one breed.
It is a misfortune for a community
to have several breeds of cattle. It is e
best to have just one. Then the com
munity will develop that breed better
arli that much more quickly become i
noted for that one breed.
The subject of marketing and buy
ing can be taken up in the club. If
the club members will buy together t
they can often secure better prices I
from the grocer, the hardware dealer d
and the machine dealer, etc. V
The farmers' clubs can be made the e
starting point for these co-operative i
enterprises. It can be used to secure 8
the farmers the benefits that big busi- i
ness secures from doing things on a t
big scale Many have the idea that i1
nothing can be done unless there is e
a big organization. This is a mistake.
The successful co-operative enter- 4
prises have come from small begin- a
CO-OPERATIVE MARKET PLAN '
United States Government Distribut.- i
ing Literature on Subject of h
The federal government Is distrib
uting literature on co-operative mar- b
keting and financing of marketing as- i
soclations and related subjects, in
which are discussed the form of or- g
ganization. capital, management.
grades and standards, dividends. pool- o
ing of interests, utilization of by-prod- a
ucts and other features of co-opera- b
tive dealing. I
Attention is called to the fact that g
capable management is of the utmost
importance. From a lack of knowl- o
edge as to the things required of an c
lrgaization manager in the way of r
spelcial ,iualiflcatiins for the position, p
si-liction of mleii to serve In this ca
pacitvy. for tlui, mlost part. has not been $
ittendied by sound .udgmennt. Fre- a
qucn;tly failure has bhr-n thie result. n
It is to tie reinltimbire 1 that tile suc- a
cissful diitrihintliton a:;d marketing ot a
Iiperishabile p~rodlucts !n large way re y
quire abdlity ,If a fine ordr-r A com- o
munity atidoplts co-perative methods y
because it is beyond ith,- capacity of ti
the indivildual succi-ssfully to per- n
form certain functions. It follows, a
therefore, that a man Is required te
whose experience and capacity for a
managemnient ar-a superior to the o
standlard of th.- farm coninlilnity.
Too frequentily thi pr:odluc.ers select fi
one of their own nuii nlirr for the po- tI
sition. Such a manager is primarily n
a producer and not a miarketin agent n
Furthermore. his actlvitties necessa- -
rily are divided between private and s
public interest. h
Using the Schoolhouse. a
'lThei idea of the schoolhouse as ac
conunrirnity meeting place and social it
ceinti has taken Wisconsin by storm. g
I)urning the last school year, 50U school- It
housets w,-re used as such. as com- tl
pared with Si; o reported in 1911. a
and toitI mneetings held as compared
to 1.t;3 four years ago In 1911.
not a schoolilulroi in the state report
*i ggymniaSml lr i, mlpnlellit. while now h
120 scloolts are thus equipped, anti c
47:> schools have libraries, where only o
it had thmin four yi ars ago.
Preventive Measures Important.
l'rev-'nt' i' Ille'ilsui-ri are more Im
portailt in sv\'ilng \t ertabhles from Ithe
attlacks oi illitets aid diseases than -
Inlt- d.al mlieasurets such as spraying.
Sp-ay for San Jose Scale.
Any San Jose scale in your orchard?
If so, spray the trees with lime-sul
Itur IT.ixture atter the leaves fall. h
Don't Sell Good Cows.
A good cow is not so common that
one can affor( to sell her at ordinary t
ODD TURRET OF AUSTRIAN BATTLESHIP
Photograph taken aboard an Austrian battleship of the new Teghetoff
class, showing the double turrets, one above the other, each carrying three
FAKES CATCH MANY
$239,000,000 Taken From Pub
lic in Four Years.
Post Office Department Issues 56
Fraud Orders in Last Year in Effort
to Stop This Wholesale
Washington, D. C.-lnvestigations
conducted by government officers show
that fraudult'nt schemes have taken
from the public more than $239,000,000
in the last four years. In an effort to
reduce this wholesale victimization
the post office department has issued
56 fraud orders In the last year. The
issuance of such an order denies the
person named in it the use of the
In one case the inspectors reported
that during the last year a man re
ceived $46.501 from the sale of a metal
finger ring, called an electro-chemical
ring. It was sold for $2 to some and
$4 to others.
"The following diseases," reads that
.aker's "literature." "are caused by
acid in the blood and are cured by this
ring, which takes from one day to two
weeks after the ring commences to
work. The ring and acid create an
electro-chemical action, removing the
excess of acid, which cures these dis
eases and will keep them cured:
Bright's disease. St. Vitus dance, ade
noids, gout, cancer."
Many other diseases were named.
A fraud order was issued against a
woman because she claimed to be able
to give any person of great avoirdu
pois a form like Venus without any
discomfort. "Weigh just what you
want to weigh." "Eat all you want to
eat." "Reduce yourself and be as
happy as I am." were some of her ar
guments. The department found that
in 105 replies from patrons who took
the remedy prescribed 75 were dissat
isfied, some claiming to be bigger than
One man claimed to have a list of
400 widows, all matrimonially inclined,
some of them having such additional
attraction as $20,000, who wanted to
get in communication with life com
panions. The advertisements were
written in Polish and appeared in Pol
ish newspapers. The man established
his acquaintances by Inserting this ad
WIDOW. 23, WITHOUT CHILDREN.
looking for a friend for life; must
be energetic and willing worker; have
income of $150 a month.
As soon as anyone replied a photo
graph of a good-looking Polish woman
was sent to the inquirer. On the hack
of it appeared the words: "Am a
widow, twenty-three years old. Have
1butcher shop and employ four men.
Have no children. Willing to love a
good man and also a good worker."
Another man had wonderful powers
of observation when his palm was
crossed with gold, according to rep
resentations made persons in many
parts of the country. To one person
*-ho remitted $12.50 on a payment of
$37.50 for a "gambling hand." this man
wrote: "I take pleasure in sending you
my gambling hand and all that goes
with it. When you get it sew it up in
a piece of soft leather and carry it in
your pocket with your money. Let no
one handle it and keep it as dry as
you can. I will send you nine candles.
to use one at a time-Monday. Wed
nesday and Friday nights. Light it
and set it down on a brick. Do not
touch it for one hour, then throw
ashes on the floor and pass your foot
Not all the persons against whom
frand orders were is:ued played on
the suspicions, ill health or the senti
imental silde of persons to get their
money Some, were very practical A
Kentucky man got various concerns to
send him farm implements, for which
he never paid.
A northwestern "company" used this
advertisement: "Girls do you want to
earn $1101 and have your photo used
in adverttsinc a now brand of chewing
gum? Send 2-c.nt stamp for particu
,lars. After a respt'nse was received
the corresponlldent wal advised that it
was a competition and that an en
:rance fee would be required.
A New Englander sold "lucky
·tones" at $1 each. whi( h he purchased
by the thousand at from 2ih to 15
cents apiece. According to the report
of the federal authorities. which re
sulted in a fraud order being issued.
BESGAR GETS TWO MILLION
To Buy Back His Eyesight and Own
Humble Home is Now His
Webb City, Mo --To buy back his
eyesight, to own a humble home which
he now rents and to start a bank in
Webb City ae the three first ambl
tions of the Rev. Z. R. Cotton, a blind
street beggar here, who today wU
told that he had inherited more than
$2,000,000, of which $650.000 is cash,
he "induced people to believe that the
flaws were not flaws, but were peculiar
marks of the so-called lucky stones.
which he called magic mirrors. He
stated that because of the flaws those
favored mortals who are gifted with
the illumination of the astral light
can. by the aid of this peculiarity, read
on the surface of the stone the reflec
tion of the past and the promise of the
The post office department files
show that in the last fifteen years the
man took in more than $300.000 on
his scheme; in recent years the busi
ness amounted to $44.000 annually. He
had a supply of 1(0,000 stones on hand,
his usual reserve stock.
A fraud order was issued against
a concern which had sold 45,451 "oxy
MUST "PADDLE OWN KANUE"
Recruiting Sergeant Takes Heed of
Warning, but Balks on the
Pittsburgh, Pa.-Fearing that his
runaway son would carry out an often
expressed desire to enlist in the
United States marine corps, Morris
Kanue ot Leopold, W. Va., has written
to the local recruiting office of the
"sea soldiers" as follows:
"U. S. Marine Corps, Pittsburgh.
Pa.: I hereby warn you not to em
ploy or hire his son, Anthony Kanue.
as a submarine of the navy. He has
run away from home and I think he
has gone to Pittsburgh to enlist. He
is only seventeen years old, in proof
of which I am only thirty-nine myself.
If he comes there whale him within
an inch of his life and send him back
"His father, MORRIS KANUE,"
Sergt. Michael Deloo, in charge
of the Pittsburgh recruiting offi.e of
the United States marine corps, has
assured the anxious parent that the
boy will not be enlisted should he ap
ply. but that "whaling" him is out of
the question, and the father should
"paddle his own Kanue."
TO START CHICKEN FARM
Washington society has come to ex
pect the unexpected from Miss Gladys
Ingalls, daughter of the late president
of the Big Four and other railroad sys
tems, and so they were not surprised
when it became "bruited about" Wash
ington that she was to take up chick
en raising in addition to her many
other activities. Miss Ingalls is noted
as a society leader, horsewoman, golf
er and ardent Red Cross worker. She
has already purchased the property
near Hot Springs and erected the
buildings for the brooding of her
Tulsa, Okla.-Mlss Ada Boyd of
Wyandotte is so large that a dray
was required to convey her from a
railway station to a hospital to un
dergo an operation. Miss Boyd weighs
500 pounds. She is the largest pa
tient ever registered at the institu- I
through the death of his only brother.
Powell Cotton, two weeks ago at Rich
The blind man continued through
out the day soliciting alms at the post
office door, but will leave shortly for
Richmond and will stop at Tulsa. I
Okla., to consult a doctor who has
assured him that for a stated sum.
formerly fabulous to Cotton, his eye
sight can be resitored perfectly. Cot
ton has been blind since a sickness
22 years ago. He is sixty-three years
GET BEST OF CARE
Interned German Sailors Are Al
lowed Many Privileges.
Have Little Farm, Keep Poultry and
Get Beer From City-Buy Base
baill Equipment and Try to
Learn the Game.
Norfolk, Va. - Perhaps nowhere
else in the world, not even in their
own country, could the welfare and
personal comfort of 655 Germans be
better looked after than in the case
of this number of the kaiser's sub
Jects now interned at the Norfolk
navy yard on the auxiliary cruisers
Eitel Friedrich and Kronprinz Wil
helm. They are allowed more privi
leges than are American sailirs
While recent orders of the navy de
partment have for the time being put
a stop to the liberty formerly granted
the crews of the two ships, they are
still accorded every courtesy to make
their stay on shipboard as pleasant as
possible. The government has even
permitted the officers to have their
wives and children on board, a priv
ilege that is not accorded officers on
American warships nor, so far as
American naval officers know, to those
of any other nation.
Secretary Daniels some months ago
issued an order banishing wines, beer
or any other intoxicants fibm Amer
ican warships. The sailors on the
Eitel Friedrich and Kronprinz Wil
helm are allowed beer, wines or any
thing else they want. The Germans
are provided with the best of things
to eat. Of course they pay for it.
They appear to be plentifully supplied
with coin of the realm.
The navy department permitted the
Germans to cultivate a tract of land
near the pier where their ships are
moored, and this miniature farm is
really a greater attraction for visi
tors than are the former sea raiders
themselves. The interned Germans
are an industrious lot. When -they
were allowed unrestricted liberty they
spent considerable time working their
garden and in making various little
trinkets for friends and to send home.
When they were not working they
were walking the streets of Norfolk,
rowing in the harbor or swimming in
the surf at the various seaside re
Their garden is filled with potatoes,
cabbages, tomatoes and other "truck."
They also have quite a number of
fowl-geese, chickens and a few
ducks. Geese appear to be the fa
vorite fowl of the Germans, and goose
dinners are on the bill of fare on
both ships almost every Sunday.
The Germans have provided unique
and attractive little homes for their
fowl. In America a place where chick
ens roost is called a "henhouse." The I
Germans call them "homes." A num
ber of these "homes" have been erect
ed on the land loaned to the Germans.
Each "home" is provided with a chim
ney and has a pathway leading to the 1
door. The chimney is of no use be
cause there is no fire. Net more than
four chickens roost in one house.
The Germans built the homes out of
scrap lumber, wooden boxes and bar
rel tops. I'hey are painted red and I
then striped in white paint to repre
sent bricks. They are clean and at
Captain Thierichens of the Eltel i
Flriedrich and Captain Thierfelder of
the Kronprinz Wilhelm were seen re
cently standing on the pier at which
their ships were moored watching a
number of men frofn both ships try
ing to learn baseball. Over $200 was
spent in buying baseball equipment
and several men of the interned ships
showed every promise of mastering
Captain Thierichens apparently
takes more interest in things Ameri
can than does Captain Thierfelder,
who appears to be downhearted; he
says he would rather be fighting than
remain here with nothing to do. Cap
tain Thlerichens takes things as they
come. He. too, says he would like to
be able to fight for his country, but
he believes that he and his men made
a gallant record while they were rald
ing the sea for ships of the enemy.
He laughs at American jokes and en
courages his men to enjoy life while
they can. He furnishes them with
news from the war front by pasting
brief items on a bulletin board. He
permits his men to have games on the
ships. He allowed them to have en
tertainments and to invite friends un
til six officers from the Kronprinz Wil.
helm violated their patrol and went to
sea in the yacht Eclipse.
Doctor Krugerneck, one of the ofR-
cers missing from the Wilhelm, is said
to have wept bitterly every time he
received a letter from home or wrote
one of his relatives.
"He lost brothers and cousins in
the war," Captain Thierfelder told a
friend who had noticed the doctor
C('aptain Thierichens, who, according
to American naval officers, is a sin- t
cere and able commander, disapproves
of the German officers violating their
"A German officer never breaks his
word," he said. "I gave my word for I
all my men, and those who violate my
confidence will be punished if they
- Caught After 14 Years.
Stockton, Cal.-After enjoying 14 t
years of liberty, Harry Cleason, who
escaped from Folsom in 1898, has
been arrested in this city, and will
have to serve out his time. I a
Gets Three With One Shot.
Rome, N. Y.-The latest hunting
story is vouched for by William E. I
Scripture, Jr. He brought down three I
different kinds of game with one shot.
He fired at a woodchuck, the shot
went through the animal. hit a rab i
bit and scared 1 partridge. His dog
got the latter.
Should Be Enough.
If you believe what you say when
you are saying it you are doing pretty I
w-ell without being held to strict an
countability for it yearn afterward .t
HANDICRAFT FOR BOYS AND GIRLS
A. NEELY HALL and DOROTHY PERKINS
(Copyright, by A. Nely HalL)
A HOMEMADE WRITING DESK.
A boy usually has more papers, cata
logues and other "valuables" to take
care of than correspondence; there
fore, in planning the homemake desk
shown in Fig. 1 I have made a special
feature of storage space.
Two grocery boxes of identical shape
and size mdst be secured for the desk.
Your grocer will likely give them to
you. One box forms the desk portion.
the other the safe. Before fastening
the two boxes together it is best to
finish them. Make the desk pigeon
holes of thin box boards, cutting them
to fit as shown in Fig. 1.
The box-cover boards should be bat
tened together with cross strips placed
near their ends, on the inside face, as
shown in Fig. 2; then this battened
cover should be hinged to the desk
box with a pair of two-inch hinges
placed as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, to
form the drop-leaf of the desk. Screw
a screw-eye into the outer end of the
battens, and another into the under
side of the top of the box, in line with
each of these, and connect the screw
eyes with brass chain or heavy cord
so the drop-leaf will not drop below
the proper level.
Figures 1 and 3 show a simple catch
for holding the drop-leaf closed. Make
a short latch with a notch and bevel
cut on one end, and a hole bored
through it near the other end,
like that shown in Figs. 3 and 4, and
pivot this with a screw to a block B.
Then nail B to the top of the box in
the right position so when the drop
leaf is closed the catch will drop over
its top edge as shown in Fig. 3. The
dotted lines in Fig. 3 indicate how the
drop-leaf will strike and lift the catch
To complete the bottom safe. It Is
only necessary to nail a hinge-strip
across tile top along the rear edge
(C, Fig 5), and another strip to each
end edge (D, Fig. 5). Then batten
the cover boards together as you did
those of the drop-leaf, but on the un
der side, and hinge to the hinge-strip
with a pair of two-inch hinges. Strips
D are provided to shorten the cover
boards so they will not strike the end
uprights of the desk when the cover
Castors are not necessary, but In
asmuch as the desk will be heavy
when filled, they will make it easier
to move. Two blocks (E. Fig 6) must
be nailed across the bottom box to
fasten the castors to.
Figure 6 shows how the two boxes
are connected with four corner u;
rights. Cut these one inch thick,
three inches wide and four feet long
and nail or screw them to the box
ends. Fasten the lower ends of the
uprights even with the castor blocks
E. and the upper ends so they will ex
tend six inches above the top of the
Two coats of paint will add the
I finishing touches to the desk. Putty
I all cracks and nail-holes.
Deserving His Nickname.
Three days after the storm struck
Potlatch, Okla., Jackrabbit Smith, a
prominent citizen, was discovered two
counties northeast in a somewhat
rumpled condition. "'Were you blown
here by the cyclone?" he was asked.
Heck, no!'" be replied. "'I outrun it!"
Not Conducive to Sleep.
"Porter, this berth has been slept
in!" "No, sah; 1 assuah you, san.
Merely occupied. It's the one over
the wheels, sah."--Puck.
A JAPANESE GARDEN.
Do you own a Japanese garden? It
e not, you should get one right away. be
- cause it is the latest fad to have one
First of all, you will need a shallow
baking pan in which to plant the gar
den This may be round or square
For soil you must have sand. and you
must also have some (<,arse pebbles or
pieces of broken stone This can bi
had for the asking some place where
a building is in course of construction
Half a panful of sand and several
handfuls of lt.ebbles will be enough
In addition, 3ou must buy some bird
seed or Japanese grass seed to plant
in the soil. The rest of the garden
material can be picked up at home.
There are any number o' arrange
ments for the garden that can be
worked out, and you can replant your
garden from time to time to make it
different. Fig 1 shows a good plan
to follow for your first one. Pile up
the sand around the sides of the pan.
forming hills and hollows, and leave
an irregular-shaped space in the cen
ter, and extending over to one side of
the pan, for a pond. Make a shore line
of pebbles around the pond, and scat
ter other pebbles here and there over
One of the hills must be selected as
a site for a little Japanese house. This
house may be made of cardboard.
Fig. 2 shows patterns for the walls.
The dotted lines indicate where the
pieces are to be folded. The strips
outside of the dotted lines are to be
turned in and pasted to adjoining sur
faces, in fastening the walls, founda
tion and roof together. Fasten the
walls upon a cardboard fourdstlon
(Fig. 1), and glue another piece to
their tops for the rootf.
A high arched bridge must be built
over a narrow portion of the pond, as
shown in Fig. 1. Make this of a piece
of a peach-basket handle (Fig. 3),
with a cardboard railing (Fig. 4)
handle will determine the curve S- the
The pair of lamps at each end of the
bridge (Figs. 1 and 5) have four sides
and a bottom, cut in one piece like the
pattern shown in Fig. 6. Cut an open
ing in each side as indicated, and
punch a hole through the bottom for
the supporting post to fit in. Fold on
the dotted lines, and paste the turned
in edges together.
There must be a bird house similar
to that shown in Fig. 1. Cut and fold
the sides in the same manner that you
did those of the lamp. Make the
roof of a square of paper (Fig. 7), told
from corner to corner as indicated by
dotted lines, and pinch up the corners
as in Fig. 8.
There must be a number of ducks
in the pond, and these are easily made
as shown in Fig. 9. The bodies are
halves of corks (Fig. 10), and the
necks and heads are made of card
board and fastened ii, slots cut In the
I round sidte of the halved crks
With these suggestions to show you
how easily a garden is built, you can
use your own ideas ficr devistng other
Not Hard to Make.
A l:om.nmade desk set. mounted In
moire silk in gr-en, brown or the col.
or predominating in her bedroom, is
a gift the schoolgirl would be delight
ed with. Sheets of blotting paper
may be bought to match, and a pen
wiper and small blotter backed with
pieces of cardboard covered with the
silk and tied with narrow ribbon In
the same color.
A hale cobbler is better than sn