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EW YEAII'S DAY-or at
least the comiiing of the
New Yea:r-is greeted
by all the world. In
this very lmut h civilized
Twentieth (vltury roost
of us celebrate the New
Year by tie almanac.
" We have tfrgotten--or
do not take time to ro
1 significance of the day.
but when the world
was yenger and its people were closer
a nature it was a day of significance
wel worth celebrating.
Among primitive peoples the year
SmBrkea d et in seasons, usually the
piatlag, the growing, the harvesting
ead the season of rest, or it even may
be by meas and suns. But let the
detea be what it will it is based on
these m ed physical changes which
appal the mmes as light and dark
e, best and cold, the lengthening
aM abrtanlog of the day.
atsk hew deeply must the short
ala the days, as fall comes on
, a t' the Imagination of the
veS. The ma, their all power
iA dsy who gives tihe warmth and
d ·I rie, wanes and grows
ad eM ntil daylight bo.
eam a shet that the terrorst en
.- . pa. aM yer and pld and
-lin e aN aa sad baneul god
r r Ia ir pairaldou s tdueace
sL i - dearly beloved sim-sago
A rt he Joy and teastl g a
- t &, theNw Year, when he
oglnst nr yut tthem, to gal dn'y
a M att v or sad beauty, S
e snbes m the cuietdoaes
. it is see tat the shortest day
L- b , Dd ~r 21. In our el
p Is . properly the last day
'o (W Mt. Ad it Is sequally Inttl
eft 1 a amedes day, when the mon
,i- ss nretan marh, u shoma
a hn td by ld sad happy hearts.
E( Sb ta s ldisas, the communal
lhpeoploe of the Amerlean South
Sieast i- the shortening days with
e'' and ealebrate with osaborate
aer the turning point In the
I egrae~s. .'he Moqut New Tear's
ml ea emd oyarl-a-ha, Is arse
d a pieseeltaes etoa auagutar and
e~.i. athLc das divided nlato
e ares, ,d which oeerings ae made
Sia o the Great Ptlua e ded
gl , the eneamy of te ra, tel
tor hsg am dens, lo which the
e t .Ma the aie . and tbe h t
ge is a mirably p e`
iMOnW eim n persmaltting thb
l 4 a honged t the sea's worst en
mip-the as6 demoen-wflt be aImply
arte d; ep ch- wilrt be the tribute
shaor stae raite year the son shall
t to ee tLha his persecutions, sad
,ip sl r wpleb t sMnake wickedly
aglwh n ispl Sgather apd their moist
m ue s - 4qe . aseln the, parched
i- ME triai ais til it is once more
h dil bited underground room
i is ied, at its west end, a
allm pre hSya q4orated with core
-lt Ae Mtyil, in Imitation of
; fho middle of the
-gi oas pealoung and belad
t who mailpelates the
Shis pide stands b
pp a - ,rg C coac
" liiC seireem. ait three
- sI, e- el. :and,, the a&d
a, hit . .. at aphmers of all th
iraar 4 I r tPenl, cab4 behlad
i .et; net, wta Set" as
*a dies begin the chorus
Sat Mrst a low,
0.'0 gradually rises ti
Theo the man be
- £ as .- -
Ier a, ither al
,v - Aº i - ii "t'ý
times, accompanied by the unearthly e
and discordant walling'of the conch tl
shell. The priest directly in front of d
the screef takes a little sacred meal g
In his hand, holds it to his mouth, ut- n
taring a deeply significant invocation 11
to the serpent, and then casts the meal r
on the head of the efigy. b
One by one all the members present t
make their prayers to the hostile ser
pent god. So-ends the first halt of
the drama, and on the morrow, or the o
New Year, begins the great sun dance. Ii
On opposite sides of the chamber there a
stand rows of men, bearing, shields b
with elaborate symbolic designs. At f
the end of the room, all alone and un- a
supported, stands the sunbearer, e
awaiting the onslaught of his horde of 1
enemies. A signal and the song be- r
gins, and the lines of warriors on each e
side of the room surge against the a
sunbearer in attack. Eventually he a
scatters and vanquishes his many foes.
New Year's day finishes with feasting t
and jollification. 1
The Aztecs of Mexico and Central
America had a bloody and complicated t
rtunal for their celebration of the re- i
tunu of their masterful war-god, the t
sun. We find scattered through the t
tangled jungles of lucatan many huge
ruins of the wonderful pyramid ce'r
monial edifices upon which horrible I
sactflical atrocities were practiced in
heralding the New Year. The Aste I
has vanished from the face of the
earth. The jungle has swallowed up ]
the sun-gOd's altars.
The ceremonies occupled a period of
several days. The initiatory rites be- I
I an before daylight of the first morn
Ing, when the chief high priest atbd his
sub-dignitaries wended their way in
solemn procession to the top of their 1
pyramidal sanctuary. Here the high ]
priest retired alone to a small temple, 4
whose doorway opened toward the I
east, and as the rising sun crimsoned
the sky he knelt and sprinkled thickly
Upon the marbi floor the sacred meal.
As the first rays of the sun strike
stlntingly aroes the floor of the tiny
e.sple, the bended priest beholds a
miracle. Faintly, at trst, then ptrong
er and stronger, grows an imprint in
the meal of the naked foot of their
war'gnd. Upon thislmiraculous mani
festation the high priest announces to
the assembled couriers that their.god
had returned to them, and that the
r grand festive occasion is inaugarated.
The first feast rites were of a grew
some and horrible nature, consisting
metaly of saerificing, youths to the
goeds. It is said that they were. feast
was past, for game would no longer
be snowbound and soon there would
be eores of roots, bulbs and green
I things for food, while rivers, ponds
Sand lakes .would be- free of their lee
~ tters and their Ash trape coal one.
Smor be e t.
t. Mehainmedns New Year.
SIn Turkq the Mobamueodans lift
a their beads to Adah and beesech f
a tear bleasbigs em the 2th of at u
d y, for that is their New Year. In
SPert as is same few parts of Egypt,
S"W, TesE, " Os every
a es wtwatso at
t., qa F.ao .!~3 p a, ,-,
. ... . . 1 ,,d
ed for days previous to the ceremony,
that they might be in a pleasiug con
ditlon 'upon their last and the war
god's first great day. In other cere
monies kItnan beings were killed and
flayed, and the participants In the sac
-ritlce enveloped themselves In the
bloody skins of the victims, while they
took part in a frenzied dance.
Acoss the Pacific ocean, the Atnns
of Japan. are celebrating an exceed
ingly curious New Year's custom. For
a thousand known years the Alnns
have stood still in their civillsation,
following all their primitive customs
and ceremonies generation after gen
eration and century after century.
practically without change. New Year
with them is the day of their great
est feasting and merry-making, con
sisting largely of an extravagant use
of saki, or rice beer.
The principal ceremony is the great
bear feast, called Omsia, in which a
huge bear is slain and sacrificed as
a special offering to the god Kamul,
who is the guardian and protector of
their homes throughout the year. It
is necessary to conciliate this god by
the special donation of bear's meat
that their lives may be free from the
persecution of the unseen, Intangible
spirit demons who seek to do them
It is said that the bear for this
feast is raised from a cub, suckled by
an Ainu woman. As the end of the
year draws nigh they fatten the feast
bear for the coming celebration with
carefully prepared foods.: The kill
ing of the bear Is done in a curious
way. Two fair-sized logs are lashed,
one above another, to a standing tree,
and extend horizontally resting upon
the ground. The entire clan takes
part in the killing, which Is accomplish
ed by putting the head of the animal
between the logs and squeezing out
New Year Period in Peking.
The New Year period In Peking re
minds one of the three Sundays that
came together in a week, for it hnas
three celebrations of the new year in
little less time than a month. First
comes that one with which all Amer
icans, the people of England and thode
on the continent are familiar. It is
ushered in in much the same way as
in any other part of the world, per
haps, but there is the oriental setting
to the scene, which is so plctureque
that having gazed upon it you close
your eyes, thinking thus to forever
keep the vision.
the New Year falls on September 22,
while in parts of Thibet they reckon
the beginning of the New Year from
the first of August.
Who comes dancing over the snew,
His soft little feet all bare and rosy?
Open the door, though the wild wind
Take the child in and make him
t Take bim I~ and hold -im, dear;
He is the wonderful New Year.
nl s In Seetland.
In the New Year celebra
t~ihL is shmlar to that ta, Frasce, -
ame as It takes the place o
•I( 4mS To the labtatatus at the
se the ie*reds this is the
4. of the 0a0606 Tbo Hag
aon red befare h eat1sea. It
` 13t ..10 0,e the dW eem obehl ia u
"I i m 'at d ebOsmu m
"THE LAST LOVE COUNTS"
Bestowal of First Affections Nothing
but Effervescence, According to
dn Accepted Englina Theory.
"No 14v, like the first love." runs
the ,Ill ,:,'ec. Is that true? 'The suig
0,in ; i, i'ui o rs.e, is that the first
tilip It t:i or il" aid loves they arc ex
plr'l-rtit., m. n thll<. which they will
nlletfr 1',lIritnct. ual In. First love is
sttlilis..lI t, h1ld sn le qluality which
is :iislint frtlo other loves. It Is the
Siull'st illne ither ', and later, loves are
hbit 11:u sha ;,,\vs.
In s,n, it is trite that first firt love
holds somlethinl which is absent from
Rttllt, after all none would contend
that we :tin love hbut once. We can
love half dozell times, and he In
earnest each tinme. Maltrity, too, is
essentia to tihe thorough einji yment of
love. Our feelings. our apaiiclty to
Ilve and r.eive, (deelpen and exvrand
with the yea'rs.
At. say seventeen, a maid may love,
but her erll, ithllitv, tem1pe1auiint antI
character are undeveloped. She can
rot love in fill imeasure: nor he able
to ith orlh full measulre of love. Seven
yoears later she conll love n1ain, and
it torrtent wou'tild come itlsteatld of a
Put shortly, lpersonal nmaturity is es
"centlal to erfent, t. full-measure love.
First. secomd or lh! rd lo. es are often
but strficel loves. They . ,t't come
from the deei,'.
It wvn.,l hie na mittied that ;ill our
other felirl s widilin aind dltp-.n na ii
rlotullll4t i ""f .i"" iu l ex.':i"entI'ie or of
i'exp riiene only:. It is hi :t , n 4th
lli-e , Ih'1 - l:ato!r i h. l'e-. 'f, i better
I ,l r :, uttc* ' It j. It i" f It1 ried.
aid stTr-on I llon "i'n. ia t of a
1: ,ad 1 ; I, . ',' , " I'hlls-z love' is.
d1 ~;,i t it !''i, ;t us ,'" , not love at
Ti . i+t n ie t:he s.lito!'eu" t"est of
he ? .\hi :- r; 0n ;I h, v I . e ! oe.rl
mar i-in h:', ~nt fir-st lit , are
haiI il'., oi the iiiti iei l imalh it? Vt ry
Oi tlhe oth r h:d!lt,. lIne n;;rrl:in s
betro'ie thlile v., hIi ya e h ll other
loves are ti'O e ihillqii,'t of all.
ii's the Iint hove that counlts
Those 'tirst lov'es" ire hut efferves
cr'nces, ai ld have nothing I -hind them.
Love. real love. lasting live. strong
love, hiist have character entwined In
It. And whose character, ait twenty,
is fully formtied?
So, then, hanker not to be a first
love. Be glad to give, and take. the
later and better stuff. It wears.
From Answers, London.
Loeon Killed an Indian.
In IHertfordhire, England. the oth
er day, a boy who foolishly went to
look at a swan's nest was tackled by
the cock bird and had an arm broken.
The swan fights with its wings, and
can deal a most tremendous blow. The
gander will put np a good fight, if cor
nered. but he is more of a bluffer than
the swan. He delights In chasing
anyone who will run away from him,
but turn on him with a stick, and it
is he who does the running. The crane
tribe use their long and powerful
beaks as dongers and are really dan
gerous, If wounded. They invariably
strike at the eye of their opponent. A
few years ago. an Indian who shot a
loon on the Great Rlave lake, and went
to pick It up. was killed outright by
the bird, which drove its spear-shaped
beak right itite his brain. Owls will
soineilthnes attack hunman beings, hbat
it .semls probable that this is not In
tentional. It is rather that they mis
take people's heads or hats for rAts
or othler' prey. There i an nunlsing
account of soime lumber men who
dared not venture out at night on ac
counlt of some Ulniseen enemy rohbbine
them of their fur calis. They thouglht
it wls tlte Ei ,vil ine indl wiere mightily
relieved to find thati the robber was
merely a large brown owl.
Stanford White's Home 'a Clubhouse.
The 'former New York homle of Stan
eford White,. noted during the arehl
tect's life as a treasure holte of rare
paintings and othler "objets d'art,"
is niw the clubhouse for the daughters
of the countries from which those
trelsun'es eante. It was reI"-ti11l•
opened ty the Tnternational InstItute
hf the New York city Y. W. '. A. as a
.leial and eduatiotial center of for
eigan-iorn women and girls. Girls of
so matny nathonallties meet there for
English classes, dramatics, gym work,
dowestlc arts and good times in gen
eral that neighbors in the vicnity
have named it "Our Own Little League
of Neations." It is one of the 12 cnrn
ters for foreign-born girls ralnialned
In various parts of the United Sntate
by thle Y. W. C. A. and directed by
American women and "natlonality
workers" who speak the European
W. L. George in America.
W L.. Getorge, recenltly arrived, says
New York is a terrible town, accord
ing to "Round London Town" In lHar
It gives the Innocent Englishman the
feeling that lie has been posted like
a letter, for lie findls himself violently
rsorted tider his inithial by the steamer
officials, staliped hy the custoams,
hbagged into a taxi by the porter, re
hagged. restaniped by a re'eption
clerk, retagged iy the lftmnan. and
Swhen he at last gasps upon a bed
which the elevated e.uses to vibrate.
the New York press opens him for In
terviews, as a pearl-fisher searches
the reluctant oyster for gems of pos
'sibly lesaer price. Then the stranger
broods on London town, where every
thing jots along so nicely in an
EIghbteer tlleentury way.
No More Lift.
A young married man lives in the
same apartment building as myself.
Be has an automobile, and as we both
leave the building about the same time
in the morning he frequently gives m
One morning I missed him and upon
meatang him in the eveaing he said:
"Why, I looked for yeou this mornin
te take yeo downtown. Where were
Whereupone bh little daughtee, wh
was with him, pped ta: "WLhy, dasy,
*dmi't nmema tell yu ne.ver to ah
Mr kI n dwmtewsU agals?'bW
By James Whitcomb Riley
O Santa Clas - our own since infancyL
As first we scampered to thee - now, as then.
Tak . as children to thiy heart again.
Be wholly good to us, just as of ol*
As a pleased father, let thine arms enfold
Us, homned within the haven of thy love,
And all the cheer and wholesomeness thereof.
Thou lone reality, when 0, so long
Life's unrealities have wrought us wrongs
Ambition hath allared us, fame likewise,
And all that promised honor in men's eyes.
Throughout the world's seasions, wiles and shifts,
Thou only bidest stable as thy gifts:
A grateful kiing re-ruleth from thy lap,
Crowned with a little soldier-cap:
A mighty general - a nation's pride -
Thou g ivst agrin a rocking-horse to ride,
And wildly glad he gloweth as the grim
Old jurist with the drum tho givoest him
The sculptor's chisel, at thy mirth's command,
Is as a whistle in his boyish hand;
The painter's model fadth Atterly,
And there thou standest, and he painteh thee.
Moat like a winter pippin, sound and fine
And tingling-red that ripe old face of thine,
Set in thy frosty beard of cheek and chin
As midst the snows the thacsr of spring set in.
Ho! Santa Claus - our own since infancy -
Most tangible of all the god. that be!
As first we scampered to thee-now, as then,
Take us us children to thy heart again.
- C..... At &j Jan... Whic+... Rile,
S ... ...
IN POLAND, AUSTRIA, GERMANY
Christmas Observance In These Coum
tries Hinges an upsrsttlions and
Old Csdetm of Merrymaklng.
Thbce's a pretty superstltlon to Po
land, and elsewhere, fo the people
believe that on Christmas nllght the
heavens ar qepea mnd' the ses t
Tseab's ladder is veenacted. But It
to peramitted e&It the saits to see
I. Thremest a etheOr OGean the
tables are spread and lights left burn
ing during the entire night that the
angel who passes when everyone
sleeps may find something to eat.
In certain parts of Austria they put
candles in the windows so that the
Christ-child may not stumble in peas
Imn through the village. In Germany
the homes are prettily decorated the
day before Christmas and the trees
huag with presents for the children.
Everybody kisses everyone else.
is a late supper and all through:
evening the cares of life are to
The German Christmas is over
the day arrives. Christmas
spent In visiting and in the
there Is a dance, with much
Christmas Menu in $ p ,a '
In Spain the Chrltmas in-g
ways includes almonoda qg
dish called "beugo."
Iy of large odL`ah.