FOR HORSE BARN
ientifically Planned and Con
tains Modern Equipment.
IMPORTANT ASSET FOR FARM
Gothic Roof Is of Plank Frame Con
struction and Gives Ample'Space
for Hay Mow-Has Twelve
Stalls abd Two Box Stalls.
By WILLIAM A. RADFORD.
Mr. William A. ILadford will answer
quest!ons and give advice FREE OF
4'OST on all subjecte pertaining to the
subject of building work on the farm, for
the readers of this paper. On account of
his wide experience as Editor, Author and
Marufacturer, he is. without doubt, the
hlithest authority on all these subjects.
Address all inquiries to William A. Rad
ford. No. 1827 Prairie avenue, Chicago,
Ill., and only inclose two-cent stamp for
People In the cjtles are laclined to
think that there is no "such animal
as a horse" because of the thousands
of automobiles and motor trucks. But
hthey overlook the fact that there are
still nmany animals in the country.
,In the farms the horne is still car
Iying many of the burdens and is still
.ouslleered one of the assets of that
Institution. In many cases the
horses are housed In a combination or
general utility barn, that is, a build
int having accommodations for both
lhorses and cattle. However, where
the number of horses is large enough,
a separate barn is very often built.
,~t O t-*4lr
a do commuctS~m and plan
At a bassa basin.
Sta fr'a bq.
bg a krh lesurat stbw. ed
dl r i th peso
Wbr I a Wb Net buit so tb,
" f e
are few obstructions In the way of
In the barn shown here plank frame
construction has been used in building
up this high gothic roof. As can be
seen very readily the hay mow is un
usually large and calable of holdinr
a great supply of hay. It has been
fitted with special buy carrier equip
meat for the unloading apd storing of
Protection against fire has been In
stalled in the form of lightning rods
on the roof. When it is considered
that 93 per cent of the fires on farms
is caused by lightning, the importance
of providing effective protection
against this tremendous loss should
not be minimized. A ventilator pro
vides a supplemental source of fresh
air for the stalls below.
The barn is of frame construction
set on a concrete foundation. It is :;li
feet wide and 55 feet long, not a very
large building. The stall floor is well
lighted and ventilated by plenty of
windows and doors, and contains 12'
individual stalls and two large box
stalls. The stalls are built in two
rows facing in, with a feed alley run
ning between, and litter alleys at the
rear of each row. These alleys are
equipped with special carrier track
for hauling feed, and litter car
riers. The feed-carrier track runs
from the feed room at one end
of the barn to each stall, thus elim
Inating much of the heavy work wh!ich
has been customary in horse barns.
It is an added asset because it makes
the work easier for the help and tends
to keep them satisfied.
While many farms do not require
a special horse barn, they all need a
dairy barn and this structure can be
used for this purpose just as well.
Instead of the present lower floor ar
rangement the horse stalls can be re
placed by cow stalls and stanchions.
Ths baen will hbel a substantial herd
of cattle. The box stalls can be con
veted into bull pens and cow pens,
and the feed room can serve a sm
Welloused borses will work hard
es duQrng the da and easily earn the
money that Is invested in a bara,
Just as contented cows will yield
soat milk and thus Increase the in
come of the man who ha fbresight
enough to build' a real dairy barn.
modesty in the premree eof his master.
No stemset could be graduated until
be bad shown his reseipt fdr the two
san be had paid for bls straw. And
In delivering It, some of it naturally
was Iast by the waysida Hence the
awe du ronrre.
Hew Times Chan
Isometkthig the moves or on the
stage is disturbing to the Ideas of
thse who see It. Forthwith they ar
gn It shuld be suppmsed.
Pbis is In cherful disregard of the
Ieat that what sems shocag In one
peate beeemms ammsplace In th
.t. r was Jos >Melya , EHsisb
wulte ard dlarus, t e of the
gsoL amiadmywho 15 1106.
What sde'e hIs was wemea be
ag* aset an. His Ad" was
`a. tset'h aset gues the wowe
ismISe h e term aO L
,ll l. what..w es s wtd s
: : - 7 1 j 4 ! ` ° : : . ý . ý ' R ý M ý "'
By PRANK W. GURNEY
Prisoner No. 862 stood before the
desk of the deputy warden. High
above his bead was the arched roof
of the rotunda, from which the cells,
tie above tier, radiated like spokes
of a wheel.
Motionless he stood, his shoulders
drooped, his pallid face expression
less. His suit of gray had been dis
carded for a blue serge of cheap ma
terial-a product of the prison shops
which had absorbed the indescribable
but unmistakable prison odor. The
flannel shirt had been, replaced by a
coarse but warm sweater which came
well lip around his thin neck.
A trusty passed directly behind the
deputy warden, and from his lowered
eyes shot a glance which No. 862 cor
rectly interpreted as one of congrat
ulation and farewell For No. 862 was
about to receive his discharge.
For twenty monotonous, lagging
years had this barren citadel of stone
and steel been his abiding place. Day
in, day out, year in. year out it had
been the same routine, until it had be
come part of his very nature. His
record had not been bad, as the be
havior of "long-termers" averaged;
nor had it been sufficiently good to
earn for him the liberal reduction of
sentence which the laws of the com
monwealth provided for model pris
He had tried to live up to the rules,
but something within him had led him
astray at intervals. What that some
thing was he could not understand,
much less explain. To the prison ofti
cials he had been a mystery. His first
lapses had been attributed to cunning.
yet there had never been any ugliness
in his actions or expression, but rathler
a listless disregard of reguiations
which earned for him uncomplaining
days in solitary confinement.
The last time this had occurred was
fourteen months before. The prisoni
ers in No. 862's corridor had beenu
lined up for the march to breakfast
When No. 862 deliberately left his
place and started for the door near
the head of the line. He was sharply
ordered hack, but continued at a nod
erate, shambling gait, as if oblivious
of his surroundings.
Two guards, trained by years of ex
perience, grappled and threw him to
the floor. The other prisoners were
ordered back to their cells, and No.
862 was led away to the dark room.
That night every prisoner and every
cell in the corridor were searched, but
nothing of a contraband nature was
found. Latterly the guards had come,
to accept No. 862 as eccentric-"hat
ty." they termed it; and while he was
regularly disciplined for his subse
quent slight infraction of the rules he
was no longer considered vicious or
S * - " * " *
The ponderous deputy warden
clumsily wielded the pen which was
closing the twenty years' history of a
At last the entry was completed and
blotted, the book closed and shoved
into place. The deputy warden ex
tended his pudgy hand over the desk
in the nearest approachi to cordiality
which he could assume.
"Goodby, Williams," he said. "Take
care of yourself and don't get back
here. You're old enough to go straight
the few years you've got left."
Williams hesitated, then slowly
placed his limp hand in that of the
deputy warden. He moistened his
lips, and his face worked spasmod
Ically, but no'sound came from his
Slowly, like one under the Influence
of an opiate, he turned his face toward
the door which separated him from the
freedom which had been denied for
nearly half his lifetime. Even then
he hesitated, as if expecting to be
called to account by some one in au
There was no sound except the scuft
seuE, scff of a trusty's felt soles as
he 9assed through the rotunda' The
press-button at the deputy warden's
desk had summoned the doorkeeper
fhrom one of the long rows of ofmc-s
beyond the double steel doors, and
they had' swung open, inviting Wil
liams to the new world beyond.
As he passed the portals his bheart
semed to rse and turn In his breast,
sad be caught a qadck, sharp breath.
It was the Inborn fear of being called
back, punished, and again made to
face that uncompromislng grind, but
no hand stayed him. Vaguely he
heard the doorkeeper's grauff but kind
" words of farewelL They were a
meannlaes Jumble of sound to his
Down the stone steps, along the
short, tiled path. a d he was on the
sidewalk. His pace did not quicken,
his head was not lifted. His eyes
were dowancast, and there was the
same hunted, furtive look at passers
by which had been given him a few
minutes before by the trusty in the
rotunda, except that the trusty's
glante had flashed a mestsge as plain
ly read as it it had been graven on
aopp~brpate, wbereas his own eyes re
fleeted naught but the numbed blank
nes of his braln.
Avoiding the bsler streets, he
walked on at a listless, shambling gait,.
abhlous eof the Laqulring looks of on
loes people attracted by the spec
a Fratknkl in FraInoe.
The Freach archivadcontain the tol
lowing report, dated Janbary 15, made
to the goveramet by the police: "Dr.
FrankiLa, who lately arrived In this
'aotatry fim the 3aglsh colontes is
very muqh ran after sad feted. net
e~y by thesruts his eanreres, but
ht I people w o e get hold of hm,
p be s euft on be apreached sad
sEs is a udra whek as esT Ya
,o asenM r 0us sm m t. x
:ss-- en a .i
taele of a broken man, though none
could have explained why they gazed.
It was mldafternoon when he en
ternd a small village. The changes
which twentry years had drought in
the thickly settled places through
which he passed made them unfamil
iar, but here everything appeared as
he remembered it. This had been his
birthplace-his home until the wilder
ness within his soul, stirred to fury
by evil associates. had led himt through
escapades, each more serious than its
predecessor, to the culminating crime
which had placed him behind prison
As in a dream he turned down a
rutted side street and into the yard
of a, small, old-fashioned house. Half
way up the grass-grown path he
stopped with a sharp intake of breath.
Why should he go to this house?
Only strangers were within. When
he had last gone forth it was with the
springy step of recklessness. The
crime which was o be his undoing
had been formulated and every little
detail carefully planned.
His mother, with that Intuition
which shields flesh and blood from im
pending danger, had seemed to read
his secret, for she had placed her
hand lovingly upon his shoulder as he
was eating his supper and had trem
blingly besought him to stay at home.
And he-what had been his answer?
He had shaken her hand off roughly,
had cursed her and abruptly left the
table, ticking over a chair by way of
That was the last time he had seen
her at home. During his detention,
awaiting trial, she had come to him.
lie had been glad to see her for one
reason only, and that was to get
money with which to hire a lawyer to
defend him. Uncomplainingly she had
mortgaged the house, giving every
penny that she might have him back.
She knew his wildness. In her poor.
sinking heart she feared the truth of
the accusations against him; and yet.
worthless outlaw though he might be.
hIe was her hiy.
Later., whelln Ie h::d hbegun his long
ternm of ilnpri o,nent, she ha,! a:gin
cOlie to lhint, bringing such delic'aci,
as the lirio,.n tills x ould ilterl :it.. ind
even small suins of iooniey, savedi at
the price of the starvation of her
elaiaiaiteul little body.
Illis selfish, stunted brain did not
tell him that she had nged with cruel
rapidity since his disgrace. Even
when she failed to appear on the regu
lar monthly visitation diay. and sent
instead a brief, almlost illegible note
of cheer, every word of which had
taken a drop of blood from her weak
heart, he had mentally resented her
neglect, and had written her a harsh
letter of upbraiding.
And then they had told him that she
was deid. Ills dogged stolidness kept
back the tears, and his thoughts
dwelt more.bitterly upon the cessation
of his creature comforts than upon the
truth that he had killed her by his
Even now no moisture came to his
eyes as he hesitated, staggered slight
ly, and then slowly retraced his steps
to the roadway. The brain, which for
twenty long years had been dormant
while others did his thinking, could
not seem to gather, up the tattered
ends and arrange them in sequence.
He had eaten nothing since early
morning, yet he sought no food.
Listlessly, shamblingly, he turned
back to the main street. He went on
past the village store and post office.
under the arching elms with limbs
bared by the early winter winds. He
could not have told where he was go
Ing, or why, yet there was no hesi
tancy In his advance until be reached
the village cemetery. He paused only
a moment, passed through the gate
and down the winding driveway. His
eyes, no longer downcast were roving
from headstone to headstone. In their
depths shone, for the first time that
day, expression--a look of combined
eagerness and haunting tear. Down
one path, up another, hi went, but the
name he looked for he did not find.
He was certain that no stone had e
caped him, yet he started over again,
traversing the same pathways, ex
atmlning the same stones.
Suddenly something seemed to
break within him. The fog raised from
his brain, and he swayed unsteadily.
Three or four stumbling steps were
required before he regained his bal
ance, and then came the tears,wit
and blinding. A sob shook his frame,
then another, anf another. A few
steps and his toe struck a almost
obliterated mound. He did not seek
to save himself, but fell at leagth on
the dead, tufted gruss.
"Mother," he walled, "I want you.
It was the call of the chlld, eognl.
zat of its puny weaenss, seeking the
loving arms ihich have always guard
ed from harm. And then the so
blng ceased. A strange, unknown
peace possessed him.
There they found him next day.
No one knew him; or, knowing him
in other days, no one connected the
body of that gray-bhaired, seamed-faced
old man with the fiery, daredevil
youth of twenty years ago. o80 the
town furnished the cheap, plneweo1n
in which they placed him, and be was
lowered without ceremony or song inato
a pauper's grave.
As the venerable town clerk made
the entry in his record book he
glanced muslnagly at the preceding
"Seventeen years since we've had to
buty a pauper," he commented to him
iself. "Yep. that's right," he added, as
his begrimed forefnger traced the
date line. "Let's see. Oh, yea, that
was' Hannah Williams. Hers was
number foarteen. This unknown goes
alongside her-umber 8teen."
No. 862 had found his mother.
nomy, spectacldesa always n his eyes
but little hair-a fur cap always on
hil head. H wears no powder, bt a
neat air, linen very white, a brown
coat. His only defense-la a stick
How He Talis.l
Bobby had been to a vaudevile -L
sad came home all eoeted ever the
ventriloquit Ia way et dei pl-ea
Bebby . dl: ~ba, he didnt .
see rtndl; he salad dsl thesegw hI
LIGHT AND RICH
Results of Series of Experiments
Made by Department of Agri
THINGS TO DO TO AVOID FAT
Do Not Be Too Lavish in Use of
Butter, Sugar and Eggs-Testing
Temperature With Thermom
eter Is Excellent Plan.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
nent of Agriculture.)
If you are fond of doughnuts, but
find those you make at home become
soaked with fat while frying, the fol
lowing suggestions may be of help.
They are the result of a long series
of eryeriments in the absorption of
tat by fried batters and doughs car
ried on in the experimental kitchen of
Ithe United States Department of Agri
A rich dough always absorbs more
tat in trying than a plainer mixture.
L'nless you wish your doughnuts to be
excessively rich, do not be too
lavish with butter, sugar, and eggs.
The following recipe makes doughnuts
which, If properly fried, are not so
excessively rich as to be a menace to
Icupful sugar. ig powder (level
. tablespoonful but- measurement).
ter. 1 teaspoonful salt.
I eggs. 1 teaspoonful clana
L cupful milk. won.
i~ cupfuls flour. % teaspoonful nut
I tablespoonfuls bak- meg.
A very soft dough absorbs more fat
than a stiffer mixture, was another
!act found through these experiments.
too much flour, however, makes a
h:,ughnut that is not so light and fluffy
a is desirable. The addition of hot
riced potatoes to the mixture makes a
A Wire Plunger That Will Keep
Doughnuts Under Fat Enables You
toeFry Doughnuts in Half the Time
and the Result Is Better.
doughnut that is light and fluffy, but
at the same times does not absorb
much fat. Doughnuts made by this
recipe are delicious when fresh, but
also keep welL
% cupfuls of sugar. 4 t ab I e spoonfuls
I tablespoonfuls bat- bakiag powder.
tsr. 1 teaspoonful salt.
eggs. I teaspoonful cia
14 cuptul hot doe samon.
potatoes. teaspootul st
5-$ cupful milk. meg.
5E ouptula flour.
Fry your doughnuts no longer than
necessary. Prying doughnuats ia fat
that is not hot enough, or rolling and
cutting them so that they are too
thIck to cook through in a short time,
or failure on the 'prt of the cook to
judge when they ate done, or any oth
er cause that keeps them in the fat
too long, tends to make them greasy.
Testing the temperature of the fat
with a thermometer is the best method
In trying doughnuts. Other methods,
though sometimes successfut are un
certain. A temperature of 185 degrees
Centrigrade, or 865 degrees Fahren
helt, has been found satisfactory.
Doughnuts rolled about M inch thlck
can usually be tried in 8 minutes at
this tempersture if the are turned to
make them brown evenly; or they may
be fried In 1j minautes If forced under
trim sorarra of the tat duly trying.
Pryng WIth a Basket.
It was tmead that the use of some
device to fore, the doughnuts under
the surtface of Ike fat wuas the most
satisfactory method of trying. An or
dinary wire tfryling basket, with a bail
and slightly smaller in diameter than
the trying kettle, an be used. Whean
the doughnuts first rise to the surface
of the fat, lower the empty basket
over them under the surface of the
fat. Doughnuts fried by this method
absorb less fat, brown evenly, and
are much less apt to crack than when
turned in trying The basket can be
used for draining the doughnuts after
they are removed from the fat.
If your nose is oily or shiny, bathe
it nightly with borax water or wash
with cornmeal instead of soap. After
a few minutes rice powder or pow
dered starch should be applied.
Double Purpose of Salade.
Salads serve a double purpose. They
are tempting to the appetite and they
aid digestlop. No dinner, however
good, is complete without a salad.
Cleaning Electric Toaster.
A soft paint brush about an inch
In diameter is just the thing ter
cleaning an electric touaster.
Sultana Raieins Help.
Add a cuptul of sultana rajsas to
the cottage pudding batter. They
give it a holiday appearance.
Serving Boruel Sprouts.
Just beore srvlg boled Brmels
aesse, qprwlke Ur thm a hll
'ea f -tsne diae
Dangerous Micro-organisms Are
Guard Against Enemise of Human
Race by Protecting Food From
Dirt, Filth and Flies and
Keep It in Clean Place.
Dangerous micro-organisms, known
as "germs." as well as those which cause
food to spoll, are often to be found In
food which has been carelessly han
died. Typhoid and scarlet fevers,
tuberculosis, colds, influenza, diph
theria, and other diseases may be
carried by food. Most so-called food
poisoulnng is due to harmful micro
organisms carried into the body by
food which has been contaminated
either by accident or carelessness.
These organisms are to be found
everywhere, but especially in dust,
dirt and filth. They are often carried
by flies, vermin and household pests.
They may also get Into food from un
washed hands or from dishes which
may appear clean but are not.
To guard against these microscopic
enemies of the human race, protect
the food from dirt, filth and flies by
keeping It in clean places and in
clean receptacles, say Department of
Agriculture specialists. Insist that
every person who handles food or
dishes washes the hands before be
ginning work, scalds all the dishes,
dries them with towels washed out in
boiling water, or drains them dry.
Care should be taken to cover the
mouth and nose in sneezing and
coughing, particularly when near food.
MAKE CLOTHES LAST LONGER
Garments Soon Become Shabby If
Not Given Good CareAiring
and Washing Is Urged.
(larments even of the best quality,
design and workmanship will soon be
colle shabby through lack of care.
On the other hand, those that may
have cost only half as much may be
kept trim and fresh for a consider
able length of time through painstak
('otton and linen garments, ee
pecially those that touch the skin or
are worn in hot weather, should be
carefully aired and frequently washed,
because they absorb oil and perspira
tion from the body. if dresses, waists
and other outer garments are care
fully placed on hangers as they are
being aired, many wrinkles will dis
Sponging and pressing will in many
cases freshen cotton and woolen
fabrics, but too frequent pressing of
partly soiled white washable garments
will tend to yellow them and colored
ones may be permanently discolored
in this way.
PIN MONEY FOR FARM WOMEN
Eggs, Poultry and Butter Furnish
Means of Earning Tidy Sum
All the Year Rbund.
Butter and eggs furnish many farm
women with most of the money they
spend on themselves and their children.
The amount of butter a woman sells
depends pretty much on the number
of cows her hutband is willing or able
to keep. The number of chickens,
however, Is usually determined by her
skill and by the amount of time she
can devote to caring for them.
The women wpo belong to clubs
organised by the Department of Agrl
culture and the state colleges are
taught the best and most up-toldate
metbods of earing for poultry. The
members are also helped In organising
egg and poultry circles which enable
them to obtain better prices for their
ECONOMY IN COOKING FRUITS
As Much Fuel Consumed in Preparing
One Pound as for Five-Can
for Future Use.
It requires very little more fuel to
cook five pounds of prunes, dried a
ples, or apricotas than It does to cook
one pound, and very little more time.
What canot be ued at once may be
caned for future use. Dried fruit
may also be used in puddings, breads,
ad cooklies, and to make marmalades,
butter and Jama.
Iron colored linen on the wrong
Asbestos is the only proper Ining
Canned plmentos combine well with
canned pears for a salad.
An excellent way in which to se
creamed mat is to serve In potato
Pill one gem pan with water In
stead of batter and the gems wil
When stoolng raislns it Is a geo
idea to butter the finagers; then they
will not get sticky.
For a change, use pineapple Julie
to replace one-half amount of vlnegar
requlred In French dretssing.
Take the top off from an old high
chair and make a stool to sit on when
doing any kind of work in the kitehen
that one can do sitting.
A shirtwalat box in the bathroom
will take the place of a chair and will
hold clean towels, if not used for
When maklan a padding or eake
with a weedsa se beat the mix
ture wlth heback ek the poao. It
besmim beaL~I d lght In hsa as
"State, why you believe the Pri.e
olwer is inll.se," dlirectedt the leartned
"lie always bets heavily on two
pair in a poker game."
"Is a mnln insane when he bets on
"In my opinion he Is."
The judge's face grew purple.
"Ten dollars," he roared, "for con
tempt of court."-American Legion
A Heartrending Affair.
Movie Actress-The new cowboy
tells lme that you and he are not on
friendly terms. lie hinted you had
trouble over an affalp of the heart.
Who was the lady, and what was the
Bill the ('owboy (grimly)-Well. if
he's told you that much, reckon I can
tell you the rtst. The lady was the
queen of hearts, and the trouble start
ed when I caught him slipping her up
his sleeve.-Filmi Fun.
An Appreciated Auditor.
"'Y'or small boy asks 300 a great
mtanll pull/zlilj que.tions."
"1b ol<." retjoi'ned Senator Sor
lghiiu. ";iut it's a relief to go hone and
listen to hi;n. 11 i alwIays believes I
11i g;.\'ivitg hillS the corl'rlect ;alnswers,
\hisl is lar' than, I can say for Ily
Wouldn't Be All at Sea.
"But supp lse." they sauil to him,
"thl.: bill you are so keen about
should entluse your Iparty to throw you
"Well, in that ca.se," the young
politicilian esponidetd, "1 am quite sure
I'd have strength enough to swim
across to the other side"
MORE USEFUL THERE
let Pal: Wonder why Tom Bangs
married that old dried up lookilu
2nd Pal: Well she ia Immensely
wealthy and he had to marry her in
order to keep the wolf away from
lt Pal: Well why don't he hang
, her on the front door knob?
'Tie to Sigh.
A certain prima donna
Slay she's fat and she is glad;
The deceptions of the ladles
Make us not a little sad.
"Henry," ejaculated Mrs. Smith, UI
see in the papers that William 81mp
son just got married."
"Just got trariedr" retorted Smith,
making iady for a swift exit. "Aln't
that enough?" - American Leglon
Bacon-You're looking fine, old man;
what have you been doing?
Egbert-I've given up coffee
"Good! I told-you long ago you
should give it up. There's a reason,
"Well, you see, every time I ate
"Oh say now; nobody eats coffee."
"I say, whenever I ate coffee-cake
It gave me lndlgestion, so I gave up
"Yea, my two daughters are study
Ing music. I expect they will be la
great demand for dances."
"Pshaw, girls used to learn the
piano, but we have player-pianos now."
"Just so. And that's why my girls
are studying the cowb l1 and the
In the Flat Next Door.
She--What makes you think I wo-r
He (pointing to very well-done
roast)-Thls burnt offering.-Fargo
"Why don't you make one of those
ad-fa4uioned ringing speeches that
thrill the hearts of the multitude?"
"Because," replied Senator Sorghum.
"people who want thrills no longer
depend on orations. They go to the
"Is your daughter going to a dance?"
"No, she wouldn't dress so elabor
ately for a dance. She's going to'
"Was Shakeslpare a ploncher?"
"I don't care whether thlt story il
true or not," said the erudite person,
'but if it is true it's. a pity some of
our contemporary dramatists can't
take a prell Iu:,,y course In deer steel*
Vaiend Wif-e Vbat do you m .
know about ,.osuis dsetmna . Wp
xml | txt