Newspaper Page Text
ddle W esf ofo Eure
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'k% h~i('" " "i "'!i 7":,
By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN.
ONG1RESS is the frequent recipient
these days of memorials by various
organizations In support of the Great
Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater project.
Following is a typical memorial from
the State of North Dakota, presented
by Senator Ladd:
"Whereas it is proposed to make
V V such improvement in the St. Lawrence
as to make the Great Lakes accessible to ocean
going commerce; and
"Whereas this improvement will in effect bring
the State of North Dakota hundreds of miles
hearer the world's markets; and
"Whereas there are within the State great re
sources that lie wholly undeveloped while the
production of all things is diminahed or retarded
by distance from markets; and
"Whereas because our producers and the
consuming public have alike suffered enormous
losses In the last year by transportation shortage
and failure; and
"Whereas because by reason of these conditions
the transportation situation constitutes an emerg.
ent need; and
"Whereas a number of States have joined
In the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater As
sociation, having as its object the early andertak
ing and completion of this improvement: There
fore be it
"Resolved by the Senate and House of Repre
aentatives of the State of North Dakota, that the
State of North Dakota is properly associated in
the above-named orgapization with its neighbor
ing Commonwealths in pressing to advance this
undertaking, and that the action of the governor
In so declaring Is hereby approved and confirmed.
and the participation of this State by the governor
and those who represent him in the council of
these States is approved;
"Resolved, that the representatives of this
State in the Congress of the United States be
requested to facilitate and expedite in every pos
Sable way the prosecution of this undertaking for
the economic freedom of a landlocked continent."
The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater associ.
tlon is a voluntary association of 14 member
states, including Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan,
Illinois, ;mdlea, Ohio, Iowa; North Dakota, South
Dakota, I1ob, ontana, Wyoming, Colorado, and
Nebraska. The tarst three of these states have
aided the movement through state commissions
created by their respective legislatures. These
states are today in a voluntary co-operativq ef
fSrt attemptipg to impress the nation and con
gress with the argent need of adequate transpor
tation facilities at reduced rates, to be provided
by the p epel development of oar Inland water
The Grea Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater proJ.
ect has r discussed for several years. Prog
a opadptea 3914 by the Weor war.
March 2, 1 Senator Lenroot of Wisconsin,
had neorporated into the rivers and harbors act
a proviion requeting the Internajlnal Joint ema
amleb "to Investigate what further improve
Mait et the St. Lawrence river, between Montreal
al! Lake Ontario, Is necessary to make the same
ihrae ieaam-aln rvissis, together with
Sthb a tated test ths eof and report io the gov
namie et the Deminaon of (aanad and to the
eaenss t the United States, with its recom
, smbdetlet e'! eo4eerttie by the United States
wit the DIgpalha at Can .a In ie improveme
di amtprvment 4 we Sater."
tb" e ,aat is that te * eers appnted b
ts t a iwrmeab have been for some time
aitpage a the making at surveys and the prep
.. · -09 plats and estimates ftr the inflorsnation
K the eommaimden. The comamission has been
,eidg a 'sc ao public hearings, at which an
S stat. prvinclal, municipal, commercial,
and other bodies interested .have
.Yr a their vbew as to the desrability or ath
S.the is sted deep waterway and the
amnaM e disadvantages of combining pow.
.:D F vdes t with the improvement of naviga
Spe at I .ense, m ,t the
The 1t a Sni agton
-sh 0" . , sa* 2W a
V e Ilibe M is s then.
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l elime et *ti This
it seemwet sode up by
at e apisees sad met
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;:ýCCO II010 ~u ý
.1 Schematic chart of the Lnooe- ý^M ý"^a
wennenf wheat sta the Creta nc~ cr~r ".c u
jLakes and the railroads to
the Atlantic Seaboard and A. [o6r i
abroad showing how railroad ThC.1U SA(SAA.L
troubkes hamper th bul of ITIr[SOTTLC"11CI~Nc
POf~ woc. MAIL oinu
this business bul ot OFEWlA OF nL [aTY
there is nothing is the plan or scope of the en
terprise which goes beyond well established en
gineering precedent, or calls for constructions
that are experimental, and regarding whose ul
timate cost there is any serious doubt; that the
opening of this great water-way by canal, canal
ized river, and deepened channel, thereby en
abling a deep-sea ship to load at Duluth and not
break open her hatches until she reached Ham
burg, London or Marseilles, is as certain of being
taken in hand as it is that-the sun will rise daily.
So it asks: "Why not today?"
The project is an international one. Canada.
at its own expense (about $50,000,000) is recon
structing the Welland canal between Lakes Erie
and Ontario, in order to give ocean-going ships
access to Lake Erie. Thanks to the enterprise of
Canada, the problem broadly reduces itself to
submerging certain rapids lying in the interna
tional waters of the St. Lawrence river between
Lake Ontario and St. Regis, and then dealing in
a similar way with that stretch of the river ex
tending from St. Regis to Montreal. The esti
mated cost of the international river improvement
is $60,000,000 and of the Canadian river, $50,000,
000. The establishment of power plant sites
would entail additional expense.
An argument brought forward for the piioij
is that it saves dlstance. From Duluth through
the Detroit river by deep-draft vessel the distance
is 608 miles.
Following is an extract from an official state
ment read into the Congressional Record by Rep
resentative John M. Nelson of Wisconsin:
"With only two barriers removed, even the
present depth of channels and harbors of 21 feet
will enable, laige numbers of ocean v.essels to
steam directly to the ports of the Great Lakes.
The two barriers are the St. Lawrence river rapids
and the Niagara Falls. The barrier of the Niagara
Falls is already being overcome by the Canadians
in the reconstructed Welland canal. the differ
ence of take level will be overcome by seven locks
in the new Welland canal in a distance of 25
miles. These lock chambers will be 1,000 feet
long, 80 feet wide, and will have lock sills stink
to a depth of 30 feet, that will permit the passage
of vessels of 28 feet draft when the channels are
dredged- to 30 feet. From the Welland canal to
the foot of ahe Ontario there are 20 mues of
straight sailing and thenOpmesaaxflation l the
wide St. Lawrence rivert. Out of the-total of 182
miles to Montreal, there as 19 ales ef impreed
cas with, at present 46 miles of canal. With
this proect, with dams and d~i loks of 800 feet
- tagmel. M feet i breadth` sd a posbe depth
of 0 feet with slaek water, midstream navigation
w-a rsdes the total canal and lock navhiation
tos mies or leeam.
W !Pr 1po5al is to bold day aeross the river
wtl lacm Ia mte dams. Veesels mavipat a the
wvre wi eot pass through warrow canals around
Se arpide as they do mow in the present 14-too -
Caadian emal but wmI sail Majestically Gown
a easter of the trdam ia slack water produced
by the dams and pm from level to level through
¶Aeaming' that an ocepa vessel ahu passed
thrsgh the Lakes to Superior or. Duluth and has
loaded a eargo of western grain sad s sailing
for ULverpool, the first leg of the journey, the
lngth of Laks Superor, will be 88 mile of open
navigation. Thes CeMs the St. Mary river, a8
miles long. This I all open navigatiom, eeept 38
miles, which Is improved river hannel and. a
_a_ Fbl mbes with one lockage. Past this re
a ated l the. vessel will have 220 miles of
free saling through the deep water of Lake
are,a. It will then pass 2 miles of open auvlga
tion sad 1 mules of restrleted channel in the St.
_tiir tver, 13% males of open and .5 miles of
restricted navigatio In Lake. St. OCir, and 22
mes of open and 9 mles of Improved navigation
i the Detroit rien Agai, It will have see aik
who held theLt laud. for nffr na the
cost. 'The. lart we", gtruagely
Sad miauupr *ised Inn tr1Apa of
gold -sd allie: 'j The ugOla'b ant
D,6Seial -od tmr4r tbi.h viva of
1 tim mtkh te was theft
igatlon on the great expanse of deep water of
Lake Erie for 219 miles. It basses 25 miles of
the Welland canal, with its seven locks, and then
has 160 miles more of deep water and open navi
gation across Lake Ontario. It has 182 miles
from Lake Ontario to Montreal, but of this dis
tance only about 20 miles are canal navigation.
At present there are 46 miles of canals, but in
the proposed improvement, u ith slack-water navi
gation behind the dams, there would be less than
20 miles of restricted channel. Down the St.
Lawrence river to Belle isle, a distance of 1,003
miles, ships navigate regularly today, and the
route olTers no great obstacles during eight months
of the year. From Belle isle to Liverpool there
is, of course, the ocean crossing of 2,1S6 statute
miles of open navigation. Less than 74 miles of
improved channel and 50.1 miles of canals would
Interrupt full-speed steaminrg from Superior, Du
luth, Milwaukee or Chicago to England. The bar
riers that now separate the farms and cities of the
great West and Middle West from the ocean can
be overcome by channels not as long nor as difli
cult to navigate as the Panama canal, the Klel
canal, or the Suez canal, and would cost only a
fraction of the expense of construction."
The possibilities of the development of hydro
electrical power are large. The normal mean
flow of the St. Lawrence at its outlet from Lake
Ontario is 240,000 second-feet. There is between
the head of the rapids near Ogdensburg, N. Y,
and the foot of the lowest rapid at the City of
Montreal a total fall of 221 feet. If 70 per cent!
of the power can be realijed, the development
would amount to over four million horse-power.I
The first 113 miles of the river from its outlet
from Lake Ontario is International-that is, it
qpnstitutes the boundary between the two coun
tries. The fall In this section, confined to about
forty-two miles, is ninety-two feet; the power pos
sibilities of this section on the same basis would be
practichlly one and two-third million horse-power.
Normally one-half of this would be Canadian and,
one-half United States. It would seem, therefore,
that the minimum power that may be developed
from the St. Lawrence and distributed through
northern New York and New England would be
eight hundred thousand horse-power. It is not
unlikely, however, that in the final bargaining be
tween the two countries the United States may
assnie some of the expense of improvement below
the ,taternational section of the river and in return
receive more power.
In an address by Alexander T. Vogelsang, first
assistant secretary of the interior, before the
river and harbor congress of 1919, read into the
Congressional Record, these statements are made
among others: The United States share of the
St. Lawrence river power would have an nnnual
value bt about $12,000,000. Much of Nerv Eng
land is within a transmission distance of 250
miles. hlis power is the equivalent of 7,750,000
tons of coal annually: This power *Fould furnish
sufficient energy to supply a large part of the
power now generated by fdelin this dominant in.
dustrial district. The power production will pay
the entire cost of all the project.
With the enlarged Welland canal available, with
the proposed dams and their great locks built,
big cargo carriers of many thousands of tons
could traverse the whole length of the St. Law.
roce to and from lake Erie. With improved fa.
dlities at the Soo and deepee channels through
the Lakes here and there, Duluth, Superior, Mil
waukee, Chicago, Detroit, Toledo, Cleveland, But
falo and other lake ports, would have an unham
pered outlet to the ocean. So says the Middle
And with the mighty St. Lawrence harnessed
for power purposes and the energy distributed
through industrial New York and New England
many problems that affect the cost of living would
be made easier of solution. So say the promoters
a the St. Lawrence-Tidewater project.
hand Invited the god to drink. Tht
offering accepted, he and other lord
of the royal Inca blood drank the hol
wine prepared by virgins consecrats.
to the service a~ tb~ son.
Proceedhi, t the sun's own ese
tuay, them, a .chosen ew worshlpe
with msecet rMes his gldem uasge
with its rays of gold sad iRveu
SwZith gems. There tollowei
sby q .uries sad a geS
east. e.e.s, kept bealug all the
7s by ,he4 ttges t the sm, wae
FROM TWO POINTS
One May Consider the Meaning
of a Handicap.
Uncle Jim, From the Mountaintop of
Experience, Hands Out Some
Words of Wisdom to
Blob and tuwo of his friend drifted
into the library \where li' Uic .liiai was
renaling , is ne1 ,,ll-a ir. :and :it fl,, rti
to talk. 'l They iir" i1 dii'-Tni. y. vr
ipersi'al matters, but in lne i'lltdc
I' Ile- .liar.
"'"The troulihle \\iih III- ,!,,." Tl.,il
Seynlur was sayiyi.. ": thi, tl l,.'.
not the silightest m :ii,' of ," iii.j
thead. CW h5', th-' fl ilow< in l!i' ,lic'
say' that the older nrlt jllt stick lther
it keep the yoi unger i't's It' li. 'Ih0I(
hasn't been a prluitllioni-I idonil know
when. And fussy: Wh'lies: \why, a
fellow couldn't get on in that t,ili'e:
It isn't possilile: And yet Mr. lites
tells dad that he'd hii only too glad to
S liove themn up; and daid bielieves him,
of course, and puts It up to ile."
"Well, my trouble's exactly differ
'ent," sauid Henry Nikton. "There are
promotions all the time oevr at my
place. But if you notlce. it's always
somebody that has pull. I haven't lilly
pull, so of course that settles my
chances. I got the job by answering
an advertisement, you knOw. Pretty
nearly every other fellow there is
sornehody's nephew or gralindson or
"You fellows make me tired," said
Bob. "You don't 'even know your luck.
You may have sotime troubles, but look
at me! You're in business, at least,
aren't youl? .[iidle a start, anyway.
Andtl look at met' Not even startied
yet! And olting to collhege thlis fall for
four years! li. iWhy anlyoly chould get
to hie a llilliolutire in four years: Andl
li s lbusine. i ll -in v that a collhe' I
elc';lltion is niiolltia. linbut a ri h:,a, k..
tunu. I hal ,l'dl' t :,t to eti oll'. hiilt ,,
bi he thinks I i.her tio. I l. .lJim.
of' course. lid ao--Lit hi,'i, a i i\,ser.
Sit's iel'tiret . I want io 4o iin for
A< if in ru Jpine toi i itl one. 'i lo
. iin t l iot , li i lail- i i;r ll 1a d " t iar ito
fate' tihe litl:e gr oupi.
'I lelho" he called zhnially. "ti's a
tplev se to hear smuntht.ily tallin real
lu itness these da'ys. (Oh. that retii:il
lne. Did you get out to the golf toulrna
nenilt at the cluli?"
The boys shook their heads. Their
own interests were in the direction of I
tennis rather than of golf.
f "Too bad you missed it. It was a
very good tournament." said Uncle
Jim: "the most interesting that the
- Couptry club's ever had, I think. Jack
s Partridge won the cup. as usual, and
Thayer Stevens won the second prize.
But I don't think either of them was
Shalf as pleased as old Mr. Painter; he
swas the nost delighted person on I
t "Why?" asked Bob. "Did he win t
"No, not a thing; except w. you a
e fellows would call a drawba sup
e Ipose. For the first time In all te years
She's played there they handicapped c
him. He went round telling every- d
. body about it. 'That proves that I'm
. beginning to be a real player, doesn't
e it?' he'd say over and over again."
n An understanding look came slowly
Into Bob's face. "Oh," he said, "so
1 that's why you switched off o ,golf
a tournaments! But we weren't talking
about games. We were talking abotit
business-about real life-and real life
Isn't a game, Uncle Jim."
But the laws that govern work and
Splay are the same. Fair play is what
Severybody asks for, isn't it? And
Ithey don't mean just in games, either.
t Think over some of the recognized
I princIlples of good sport: teamwork
Sand hitting the line hard and keeping
t your eye on the ball and not knowing
when you're beaten. Oh, a score of n
I!ttle catchwords. They work out
pretty well In business and in other
a walks of life. too, don't they? Even
Sthe ,matter of handlcaps sapplies. At A
2 first that seems different, maybe; but
Swhen a fellow has the right idea about
It-when he sees, like old Mr. Painter, ic
Sthat a handicap is a compliment-why, u
a there's nothing in the world that A
Sbrings the right stuff out lIke a good,
stiff handicap. You fellows just try
looking at It that way, and see how it li
Sworks out. I'm sure that the best
Sthing that ever hippened to me was
-laving to work my way through coFee
"You must permit me to add, Bob,"
a he said, turning to his nephew with a
Ssmile, "that you have to know a handl
i ap when you see one. I never heard
I old Mr. Painter spepklag of the lee
sons that he took fr6m Sandy McTag
gart as a really serlous handicap. So
I I have my doubts whether he'd regard
I four years at college In that light,
K either."-Youth's Companion.
Handing Things Down.
Mother was economical. Perhaps
Sthat was the reason that at times sev.r
,en-year-old Bobby manifested the same
trait. At any rate, he gave evidences t
of It tlth other day. Father was talk
ing to mother. "I'll just have to get
Ia new toupee," he said. "Why, rI've C
got so tald recently that this one
shows an inch of baldness all around
Mother agreed that a new one was
necessary. Bobby then turned to th
I father. "Is you' old wig too little?"
"You bet," laughingly agreed Jfather.
Bobby's face lighted with a glad I
thought. "Then we can give it to as
baby." he ventured. "It'll last her un
til her hair begins to come."
Life Much as *0 Make It.
No person Is ever coddemned to a
small life. Many are assigned to
small drelmstances, but our lives may d
he as large as we want them to be.
Fer the only limits of life are asplra
te, rsympathy and Interest.-Selected. aL
Prim i Safety.
When the West Indlau ciy of St
Pierre was destroyed by the eruption
of MYat Pelao saome years ago all Its I
Inhabitant except one lost their lves.
IThe sole smriter was a prisoner li an
"Opportunities of the Mississippi Valley
ig for the J uinalist"
By L.\FAYTTI . YC;I N.\, :'. 3hn..r:* Capir.1
, i, .,. - G .n.. .
" t. rtI:n I
1 A th ou" " d nle *. - * : . \
o ,A Il "on I ie , - -. i ''p r,
t. ]';t:,"'lllt'l be" .t I'1 'e 'e - I
S ber- of ,,nina- r,.. 'iiik t r.
'e lv allvi,, to a:il \ 1 .- i - , " t . 1- , l a- t e i s oyvs, is
have your "own'- .r . , , ko to
f snmleboy besidc, that ianni. r . ! "." ,, f itn; w.liriable, value
7 to hunI reds of connmuniti., } t . t:.. : n:-t ling
Sto your energy and not all, it to b .v tik eitt t hich
may surround Vol].
r You will ha e trial. Jo . -. s - . : It- wr: (,r arve.
You'll never knew u lt Iic i u:.t ; r , .. - C. o). D. 'Thlat's
a great educlation
In jour -in r,,- ;': is ': -- . fr the
publi.. I t 1 1 t all - il . r . ... . . r ia
a gul heart.
r If the-i'd had afr, n ": r. -n
IIo E'Ir, ,pan a ar.
Civili«an G -o
Cii in:, L'"1 e·l,, t: t 4 : ,!, (- '
for ei\i ilani Am,ln t ru- t"1 - .- i : . , , .... .t by
thet n ewl\ l ' freu (' ivilan '\ 1 ! . ! , :i l Z 7 e. Tl , ,. .w is
a military retser-ation. 'The nllar an! ,f or v.rini-t is using
its influence to have the eanal e ,si hlrc.l lr: niarilm as a mil tary project.
The league takes the position that the bu-iness int(re-i-t of the Uni
ted States demand the fullest commercial d(evlpmnit of the canal i that,
as far as possible, the same form of :-nv,-rhnmlcnt that exists in the United
States should apply to the canal zone: that the civilian citizuns of the
United Statg- residing in the zone should have a voice in the affairs of
the zone; that the zone should be thrown open to Americans i who want to
own property and settle in it, the :ane as in the D)istrict of Columbia;
that the army and navy. while per.itted to do any and all neces ary de
fensive work for the protectin of the canal, should che entirely separate
and distinct from the government of the canal zon'.
Specific demand is made that e t ,-.s grant the right of suffrage to
civilian Americans resid:,ng in the zone, a.uthori.ai'g thell to elet a resi
dent commissioner to represent them at Wa-,hiinton, in the same manner
as the present resident comnlissioners of the Philippine islands and Porto
By P. A. WALLIS, N. Y. Commissioner of Immigration
Assimilation of the immigrant would be a imple matter if immigra
tion was distributed. Take a piece of rock candy and immerse it in wa
ter; it will take a long time to melt. But break up that lump and it will
melt quickly and without trouble. That is my idlea of Americanization.
Distribute the immigrants; give them good wages and good homes: give
their children good schools; treat thtm well. and they will become good
But what happens atn the prest time? [The inmigrant always fol
lows in the wake of his countrymen. lie settles into nuasses, inzdigestible,
with almost no chance for American intdueni.es-even for knowledge of
America-to touch him. lie increases food prices, hlie raises the tax on
courts and public institutions, he increases rents, spreads disease and
lowers the wage rate.
But if immigration was evenly distributed, with the immigrant living
where his labor is needed, most of these evils would be eliminated auto
matically and most of the immigration problem would simply disappear.
Problem Not With the Accidental But With
the Professional Criminal
[ By EDWIN SIMS, President Chicago Crime Commission j
O~r problem today is not with the quarrelsome person, or with the
accidental or occasional criminal. It is with the orofessional criminal,
the man who deliberately adopts crime as a business. It is with those who
are iepresented by five million dollar's worth of forfeited bonds in the
criminal court; with those who levy trinbute on the whole community.
We shall never solve that probl'in until we quit temporizing with
professional criminals. ThIe prealemme of erimn" in Chicago is the result
of years of mollycoddling and laxity. "The.. are, too many loopholes
through which the criminal may escapz pnnrl.wnt.
A violation of natunral laws brien's swift i ni inevitable punishment
If the punishment following a violatn .f thoe criminal laws were nearly
as swift and sure as the ,urn which follow contact with soimeth:'ier
we should have very little ,rinw.
W. 0. Ferguson, Co en'-ale'r hlpartmont f Mmntana-Y
for demonstration as opp -ei1 to lislo.al-t n -.i. ir ha' e hle
dorsement of Montana ldepaim 'nt. Nefari,,s earlmlpai2n
propaganda must be nipped in its in,, piuon. The won from Pi
are at your back. Soulnd off if you have aivn spec nil work vou
We are with you in this fight sp iritually, ,hys'ally and fia
Charles M. Schwab-I say with great earnestness, be
and beware German efficiency. Germany is recovering from
than any man knows. Germany is going to be a treniendo
with, and every other nation on earth will find her a rlani in