THE CONCORDIA SENTINEL
/O~UNTZEE, Proprietor OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE PARISH OF CONCORDIA, TOWN OF VIDALIA, SCHOOL BOARD AND FIFTH LOUISIANA LEVEE DISTRICT TWO DOLLARS PER YEAR
VOL. XXXX VIDALIA, CONCORDIA PARISH, LA., SATURDAY .JUNE, 11 1921 NO. 19
VOL.XXPXVIIALIA COCOKDA 9
PLANS TO MERGE ALL!
LEVEE BOARDS FAIL
OPPOSITION USES "STEAM ROLL.
ER" WHEN WEBER INSISTS
ON DEFERRING ACTION.
PLEA F 0 R SAVING FAILS
Resolution Is Adopted To Provide
Adequate Funds and Enact Necee
eary Laws To Foster Agricul
ture and Immigration.
Baton Rouge.-By the use of the
"steam roller" and by working a por
tion of the time under suspension of
the rules, the Constitutional Conven
tion disposed of all business before it
last week, and closed the thirteenth
week of the session with an adjourn
The work done was largely ron
tine, consisting of advancement of or
dinances and committee reports,
with the exception of a contest over
the merging of all of the levee boards
In the state into one body. That fight
consumed nearly two hours and end
ed in the defeat of the merger plan.
After clearing the calendar the rules
were suspended. The ordinance of
the committee on levees and public
improvements, providing for the crea
Rion of levee boards, was on the list.
and when it was reached Mr. Weber
of Ascension sought to have it made
the special order for Monday night so
as to give him time to get data to aid
Sle in his fight for a consolidation ao
Opponents of the merger plan pro
tested against deferring action until
lMoaday night, and when Mr. Weber
basisted the opposition brought out
the "steam roller." The motion to fix
the ordinance as a special order for
Monday aight was defeated and it was
placed on second reading.
Mr. Weber then offered an amend
meat placing all of the levee districts
in thp state under the supervision and
" control of a central board of seven
S members, to be appointed by the gov
eraor. Taking the floor to support of
his amendment, Mr. Weber saud the
eosmolldation of the management of
the sixteen levee districts in the state
late one board would save the taxpay
ere at the various districts thousands
of dollars annually. He called atten
Alon to the resolution previously
depted by the oonventien memorial
i. kg the federal government to take
charge of the levees. In adopting
that. resolution, he said, the conven
tion knew that it was asking the fed
eral:government to control the levees
through one central authority,, name
ly. the Fderal Board of ngineers.
S- TIhat resoltion, he insisted was in
efeet, an endorsement of the can
ln hebard plan.
Mr. Weber said he know he wrs g
AgS up aalast a hard proposetion is
seeking to charge the present system
f Des aeeaontrl.
"ee may talk about the Doc)
snsd sad ether New Orleans boards
.z. tgla plitis," 'he said, "hbt I
wma to toN yos that they have moth
Sem W stala levee board maehaie
leun has been said ti the past aboal
e, New Orleans beards being co
w etoD oetIa l usbcles. I cat
-' p yo fl tat the mower of ts statb
w eebeast ea is still greater
.r. .S h beard members t
-h sito. When em soes u a -atas
Sla rge hes, with an thimr pews
gad patremage, he eameaeters a gi
Cain Mrl , .Wohr eait the pe
NO- EUUUIZD 3UAD3iL
A- * Blasstes mnaautuarLs *rp
e the Canuletas Uskhilild
teas-s Iera earimed c
d.-4hero are twont
besto th m*e* o anom
~Y - Ii
year. One eeatrsl heard, he belleB,,
could be operated for $20,000 a year,
a saving of $80,000 annually. He said
his merger plan would carry with it a
central purchasing authority, and by
centralizing the purchase of material
and supplies an enormous sunw of
money would be saved.
Mr. Weber directed attention to the
fact that the convention had adopted
a plan for state highway construction
and maintenance through one central
authority. If building and maintain
ing roads under one central authority
is wise policy, he said, it is equally
as good for the levee system.
Mr. Snyder of Madison toeok issue
with Mr. Weber. He contended that
the merger plan would demoralize the
entire levee system of the state,
which has been built up at great cost
to the people. The levee system, he
said, covers over 1,700 miles, and he
considered it too big a job for one cen
tral board to undertake to handle it.
The federal government, he said,
has divided its levee wort Into dis
tricts, with engineers at New Orleans,
Vicksburg, Memphis and other points,
and did not attempt to operate with
one set of engineers.
Mr. Morrison of Pointe Coupee said
he had seen enough of federal control
to cause him not to wish to see any
more of it. He favored local control
and belieaes better results could be
obtained in the future as in the past.
He was willing to accept federal aid,
but he was not ready to surrender to
Mr. Howell of Lafourche supported
the Weber amendment. One central
board, he said, would bring economy
and efficiency and more safety.
Mr. Borron of Iberville said he ob
jected to any change in the system
of levee board management.
Former Governor Sanders opposed
the merger plan. Replying to Mr.
Weber, he said he had never before
heard any one charge the levee boards
with being politicalised, and he did
not believe it was true. While he
was governor, he said, he appointed
r men on levee boards who were poll
tically opposed to him and other gov
ernors had done the same.
r The Webster amendment was
s tabled without division. The ordinance
'was then engrossed and passed to
. third reading, after the insertion of
an amendment from the coordination
committee authorizing the Orleans
Levee Board to construct a seawall
along Lake Pontchartrain.
The committee on pension brought
in a resolution directing the Legisla
ture to make an appropriation to
s provide a pension for G. H. Godfrey
of Caddo parish, who was injured
while in the military service of the
,state. Mr. Godfrey's left arm was
y blown off by the discharge of a can
I- non, which was fired as a military sa
s lute at Shreveport some years ago.
SE. F. Broussard, another member of
-i; the National Guard, is now drawing a
I. pension for a similar accident. The
a pension committee expressed the opin
- ion that Godfrey is entitled to the
I same consideration as Broussard. The
a committee found that Godfrey is the
l sole support of a widowed mother.
The committee resolution follows:
"Be it resolved that the Legislature
a is directed to make an appropriation
a to provide a pension for G. H. rey.
and that said pension allowance
k should be same, month for mouth.
islince his injury, that has been paid.
I and is paid to E. IP Broussard, less
-. whatever has been paid to said God
. f rey.'
it A. J. Elleneder, Silas . Ponder, S.
- ). Tobin, L. D. Chaus and E. O.
a Payne, members of the agricultural
* committee, Friday Sled a minority re
r. port opposing the ordinance creating
a a state board of agriculture. The ml
t nority report follows:
w "We. the undersigned members ed
Il the committee on agricunlture and im
migratieo, beg leave to fle this linor
Sltty report for the reason that we are
Snot in avor of creating a usele
Slidell-The lo dells class of the
Baptist Sunday school gave a coneert
. ~ln the Commnity House here re
8ldelL-The SL Tammany Chapter
ot the Am~Lern Red Cross anmnoaces
ithat sother Baby Week will be beld
in Slidell at an early date.
- the manPaturr of crates by the UBs
* versal PsIdtng Caste Company is now
ad being reeived and installed m their
3ew factory in Ponoehatoa.
a Meorga City.-eorgan City 3. P. 0.
3a. ledig No. 11l1 entteaIled with a
- steambet e alida Its m erm n-d
-t dr anmiles a the sannus o--ag
i ereen to Clirenton Sh~ each
aI The steaImer Sewan was used ior
te the easle, and at least two hunred
enlered te event.
e EMell.-The ste of the SlideA
lDug Compeany was eterid by berg
- las. ~No stock was takes, sand only
a- S.was maseed from the edsh regis.
etoar, the moe fues the days aises
hass leaked in the as.
SCrenIn.-Thre waii be more od
wase amded in thaos alrady i Acadis
ish,. rag ding tos as anna -mme
b hIU k -m em the wester npat
f I.is nseetin of easl where
4 bad Us bota Ne 6 has mbeen orme.
L. eota s s s miles or model
at a eat of '', W.
Ce - hru at u asl r
Us -ma wh- m
DEATH TOLL IS 250
IN PUEBLO FLOOD
IS NOW ESTIMATED THAT NOT
OVER 250 LIVES WERE LOST
IN THE DISASTER.
HUGE RESERVOIR BREAKS
Survivors Worked Feverishly Rescu
ing Bodies of the Dead and
Planning Relief for the
Las Animas, Colo.--Four persons, all
of them Mexicans, and three of them
children, are known to be dead, and
many others are believed to have per
ished by the overflowing of the Ar
kansas river flooding this city.
Warning was received from LaJunta
to take to the hills, but the city was
virtually surrounded with water before
the warning could be passed around.
Many houses were washed into the
streets and some down the river.
Pueblo, Colo.--Just when Pueblo
was beginning to recover from the
terrible disaster, the Skagway reser
voir between Florence pnd Victor sud
denly gave way and within an hour
the swollen torrent of the Arkansas
river again inundated the outlying sec
tions of the city.
The new flood did not develop se
riously, although the river rose sev
eral feet in a short time.
Pueblo, Colo. - Flood survivors
worked feverishly rescuing bodies of
the dead and planning relief for hun
dreds of homeless. The total dead re
mained undetermined, but the author
ties. were hopeful the number would
not exceed 250, although some esti
mates placed the deaid at over 500.
Flood warnings were sounded and
scores of people who had returned to
their homes were forced to seek new
havens of refuge. The business dis
trict was covered with from two to
three feet of water.
Military law is being strictly en
forced. Twenty-five men have been
arrested for looting. A Mexican, who
was caught looting, was shot by the
military. The military established a
deadline at the water's edge. All per
sons entering the flooded area must
have a pass.
Joseph M. Daly, chief of police, said
there was heavy loss of life in tae
Grove section in the southwestern
portion of the city. Marey foreigners
lived there. The school census shows
this district has more than 1,00,0 chil
"I was in this section warning the
I people," he said, "but they took the
I warning lightly. But even while I was
going from house to house the flood
bore down and I had difficulty in
t escaping myself. I don't see how it
Swas possible for women and childreq
in this area to have escaped."
1Between 3,000 and 3,000 refugees
were being cared for. They were be
lag given shelter in public buildings
and ia homes that escaped damage.
NOT GUILTY OF TREASON.
Austrian Army Offleers Acquitted in
Connetion With Charles' Attempt.
Vienna.-Maj. Gen. Joseph Hummel,
formerly of the Austrian army, and 11
eother exoflicers who were placed on
trial before a special court here on the
charge of having committed treason in
Seonnection with the recent attempt of
former Emperor Charles to regain the
a ungarian throne, wa acquitted.
SET IMMIGRATION IULES.
sAimerican Ceaeuar Agents Told Hew
Many May Enter U. 8.
SWashinlton. - American consular
oficers overseas have been furnished
by the state department with official
Idepartment of labor reports showing
Sthe exact number of immigrants that
may enter the United States from the
various European countries during the
lfe of the immigration restriction bill
which has become effective. The
Squotas were made public by the state
department They have been published
previously on announcement from the
department of labor.
a WHEAT ACREAGE GROWL
iAppruimatly -10,-00M-- Acre WII
Be Harveeted in Kansas.
Topeka, Ka.-Approximately 10,000
0O acres of wheat will be harveste.
in Kansas this year, J. C. Mehler, see
retary ,of the state board of agricult
Bare, estinated. This Is 900,000 serec
· mre than estimated in the board'i
Sreportaof May O, which was based or
i ncomplete asseor's returns on the
Sfrst of March.
Venue Change for Clabe.
Stuashvlle.-Stste Senator U. U
a Clabe of lvlervtile, under lndletmen
jIa this county on the charge of ac
r eepting a 00 bribe during the recen
Slegislative session, was granted
S*aga of vo seu to Willlam~ a county
Wine Kls Soldiers.
Pub.-Wlo taken too soon afte
i the ejeetls of satityphold seam ha
S~assed the death several dosen ra
Sr- of the resh 1M1 elsse, Mao
. wherD gs bma by the Paris wd
'·,:t ; u end l
SAYS NATION IS SLANDERED I
Ambassador Harvey's London Speech
Is Hotly Scored By Former
Anderson, S. C.-"Not in the history
of diplomatic relations has any man
so slandered the American nation and
people as the present ambassador to
the court of St. James when he re
cently said in London that America-en
tered the war not to save bleeding
Europe and the world for democracy,
but to save her own interests." de
clared former Secretary of the Navy
Daniels, in addressing young women
graduates of Anderson college com.
mencement exercises here.
"It is a slander aimed at every
American mother who sacrificed and
worked that her son might go to the
front to fight the foes of democracy,
freedom and equity among nations of
the earth," he continued. "And my
heart is glad to see the American
press, the people and the party of this
man are not behind his scandalous
"Out boys in colleges are weighing
the constructive idealism of Woodrow
Wilson and measuring it with Presi
dent Harding's announced opposition
to theories and practical tasks for
practical America," Mr. Daniels as.
"Failure of the United States to
ratify the peace treaty is responsible
for the anxit ty in America today, de
pressed conditions and low price of
cotton," he said.
r SOLDIERS ATTACK STUDENTS.
Hundreds Sought Interview With Pro
Peking.-Several hundred students,
teachers and others seeking an inter
view with the primier regarding ar
rears in pay, were attacked by sol.
B dier guards at the gates of the cabinet
f grounds. The soldiers used the butts
i- of their rifles and several persons, in
cluding the director of the national
r, medical schools and the vice minister
i of education, are reported to have been
. seriously hurt.
The students had been conducting
an independent demonstration and
o joined the teachers after the latter had
conferred at the ministry of education
and were proceeding to visit the pre
puer. The attack ceased when the
soldiers learned the identity of the
n EDUCATING CONVICTS.
e Two Learn to Read and Write in Six
i Montgomery, Ala.--Great progress
in the work of teaching illiterate con
d victs to read and write has been re
ported to the convict department by
J. C. Harrison, state chaplain and di
rector of welfare work among convicts.
W. F. Feagin, state warden-general,
had on exhibition at the capitol let
ters written by three convicts who
learned to read and write in six weeks.
One convict wrote a letter to Mr.
1e Feagin in which he said he could now
write a letter to his wife and was
glad of the opportunity given him by
3 GIVE $100,000 RELIEF.
is Red Cross Doing Everything Possible
to Help Flood Sufferers.
St Louis.-An additional appropria*
tion of $50,000 for relief of flood asu
ferers at Pueblo, Colo., was announced
at headquarters of the southwestern
in division of the American Red Cross
here. This brings the total appropria.
t1, ion for they Pueblo disaster to $100,
000. Plans for furnishing supplies to
n persons whoee belongizj were swept
ie away include distrlon of tents,
In bedding, clothing, cooking utensils,
o stores, lanterns, medical supplies and
de disinfectants, which are being rushed
to Pueblo from various points.
FORD WINS POINT.
Gets injunction Restraining Interfer.
ing With Sale of His Paper.
8ar Louis.-Federal , Judge Parle
d granted a temporary injunction re
Sstraining police from interfering with
the sale of the DeIarboen Independent,
Henry Ford's publication, so long as
t the paper does not violate the "crimi
he nal laws." The injunction was asked
e by Mr. Ford following a police order
1* for the arrest of persons who "cried"
e the sale of the paper on the streets,
te because of the publication's anti-se
d mitic campaign. The order since has
he been abrogated, police announce.
In announcing the decision Judge
Parls said: "This action by the police
was an attempt to censor, in advance,
this pubieation and It was a violatio
IIl of the constitutlBaal garnatee of ree
dI Get $4,000 and Auto.
s Detrolt.-Three armed men held up
lt. William Lychtig, manager, and Henry
5 Cook, superintendent of the Consoll.
's dade Cigar Company, and after beat
n ing them severely drove off with their
e automobile and $4,000 in pay roll cash.
Head of Vladivostok State.
Vladlvostok.-Offilcers of Gen. Sem
enofft, Cossack and anti-Bolshevih
mt leader, proclaimtd him supreme rule.
of the new state established at Vladi
t vistok recently by auti-BolshevIk
8eise 400 Sarreis Mash.
St Louis.-In a raid on a still in s
private home t8L Louis county officdale
Sfound a rat containing 400 barrels o@
mash. It was said to be the largesi1
vat found in raids on private heau.
'WAR CRIMES COURT D
FREES LT. NEUMANN
FIRST IMPORTANT CASE TO BE CF
TRIED GOES AGAINST THE so
"ACTING UNDER ORDERS" 'it
Lieut. Neumann, Whose Submarine
Sank Allied Hospital Ship, Is Ac- w
quitted-Wilhelmn or Tirpitz se
Ordered Action. at
Leipsic.-The entente officials who SC
expected the German submarine policy ot
in the war to be passed upon in its et
broader aspects by the high court in vi
session here for the trial of persons th
charged with war crimes, when it ol
dealt with the cause of Lieut. Karl pi
Neumann, charged with the sinking of
:he hospital ship Dover Castle by the w
German submarine which he com- tl
manded, were bitterly disappointed. si
Lieut. Neumann was acquitted after ot
a hearing of his case before the court, p
and through the manner in which the 4
issue was handled by the judicial body a
the only point at issue was whether he
carried out his orders.
Proof was brought to the court's sat
isfaction that the lieutenant had acted p
clearly within the instructions given
him by his superiors and he was speed
ily exonerated from criminality under
this construction of the case. Whether t
Emperor William, Admiral von Tlrpits b
or other German officials who had a t
hand in inaugurating the ruthless sub- tl
marine policy were criminally respon- I
sible was not touched upon. c
As the submarine commanders who r
sank the Lusitania and hundreds of v
other entente ships probably can shield r
themselves as Neumann did behind
n their orders, it was commented in en
tente quarters, there is apparently
I slight chance of securing the infliction
of punishment upon these submarine
This trial closed the British cjses,
so far as they are at present ready for
e presentment. These cases proved dis
appointing to most of the entente ob
servers, whose criticism has been that
tht cases are poorly selected and bad
ly supported by evidence.
Entente citizens who attended the
trials have generally expressed them
selves as regarding the German court
i as a dignified and reasonable body.
The presiding officer of the court
after announcing Neumann's acquittal
7 with costs against the German gov
ernment, said that all civilized na
3. tions recognized the principle that a
1, swtordinate is covered by the crders
t- of his superiors. He said that the ac
o cused had carried out orders without
s. in any way exceeding them and that
r. there was nothing to prove that he
w had been guilty of particular cruelty
Ls as alleged in the allies' accusation. He
ty acted as he had to act, the judge said
and in the opinion of the court there
was not the slightest doubt that his
orders were justified.
OFFICIALS ORDER INQUIRY.
Want Complete Report .of Disorders
Aboard Steamer Mitchell.
,. Washington.-Agents of the ship
d ping board at Norfolk were ordered
by officials here to make a -full in
, vestigation of the attack on the steam
. er Mitchell off Old Point Comfort and
. to forward a report. First news of
to the attack was received by bo*d of
pt ficers from associated press dis
*, patches. They immediately communi
s, cated with the agents at Norfolk and
d received a preliminary report. This
d did not say whether the attacking
party was composed of strikers or
SAYS CONDITIONS SOUND.
Close of Year Should Mark End of
e Buffalo, N. Y,--Banklng conditions
th in this country are sound and there is
Sno danger of a panic, said Dr. J. T.
SHoldsworth, of Pittsburgh, in an ad
d dress before the convention of the
reserve cities bankers' association.
er Dr. Holdsworth predicted that the
" close of this year will mark the com
Spletion of the process of liquidation
as through which the country is passing
and the beginning of better conditions.
S Oscar Wells, of Birmingham, Ala.,
a speaking on present financial condi
, tions with Cubs, agreed with those
on who believed that American interven
, tion offers the only solution of the
troubles of the Cuban republic, and
said we owed it to Cuba and to our
selves to give further trial to the e,
up forts to establish selt-gvernment in the
ry hands of the Cuban' people.
at- VImy Here To Rule Canada.
sir London.-The appointment of Lord
i. Byng, in succession to the Duke of De.
vishire, has been anounced officialy.
S To Sink Submarlne.
1k Chicago.-Another provision of the
1e trearty of Versailles will be executed
ti-: some 30 miles off Chicago, when the
k four-inch guns of the U. 8. S. Wilmetle
sinks the German submarine U-97,
which sank the British hospital ship
"Dover Castle," during the war.
Five Men Arrmted.
of New York.-Plve men were arrested
etn onneetion with the kidnaping of
- Gilseppe Verwota, a five-year-old son
of avatore Vegeta, who Iltv In the
•f' -I •
DEDICATE PRECIOUS SHRINE1
First "White House of Confederacy"
Formally Opened on the Birth
day of Great Leader. P)
Montgomery, Ala.-The first "Whie
House" of the confederacy, one of the
mosct precious shrines of the "Lost
Cause." was dedicated here by the Al
sons and daughters of Dixie.
Gray clad survivors of the heroic
host which upheld the cause of the
throng which came to the first cap
ital of the confederacy to formally ve
set aside the home in which Jeffer- tu
son Davis took up his abode as pres- af
ident of the confederates states of w
America. With them came their to
wives and daughters and sons, repre- of
sentatives of the South of the sixties Si
and the South of today. of
Men who followed Lee and Jack. cl
son, Johnston, Forrest, Stuart and the in
other great generals of the confed. d
eracy were the most prominent of the al
visitors who gathered here from all o1
the states of the South and fro mmany f(
of the other states of the union to take to
part in the dedicatory exercises. b
Veterans of the Spanish-American 01
war and the world war, daughters of a
the confederacy, the confederate n
states memorial association, civic and ti
other organizations, participated in the h
parade to the state capitol where Jef- "
ferson Davis took the oath of office
as president of the confederacy.
FIND PREHISTORIC RUINS.
Professor Discovers Evidence of New
Dilrango, Col.-Discovery of prehis- c
toric ruins of what is believed to have it
been a different race of cliff dwellers ii
from those who inhabited the ruins in d
the Mesa Verde National park, was re- i
ported by Charles Hayes, of Man- a
coscoto, who returned from an explo
ration trip. The discovery, he said,
was made in an almost inaccessible f
region to the north of the Navajo
mountains, unmarked by trails. Hayes
said he believed he was the first white
man to view the ruins, many of which
were larger and better preserved than
those in the Mesa Verde National
park. Other discoveries have been
made by scientists near Pagosa
Springs, according to reports re.
GEN. MARCH UNASSIGNED.
No Position Determined When He Is
Succeeded by Gen. Pershing.
t Washington.-Secretary Weeks said
he had not determined upon an assign
t ment of Maj. Gen. March, chief of
I staff, when he is relieved by Gen.
Pershing on July 1, but pointed out
that there were several important as
signments left open, including that of
S commanding officer of the Second Di
visien in Texas, regarded as one of
t the most important field commands.
He added, however, that it did not
necessarily follow that Gen. March
Y would be given that post.
SUPREME CLERK SUCCUMBS.
Haher Dies After Operation at George
Washington-James H. Maher, clerk
a of the United States supreme court,
died at Georgetown pniversity hospital,
. where he had undergone an operation
d ten days ago.
Maher had been with the supreme
l. court for more than 55 years, hav
d ing entered as a page at the age of
11 years. He was unmarried.
Nurse Is Drowned.
8ault Ste. Marie, Mich.-Mrs. J. 8.
d Lambe, a nurse, was drowned at the
a Canadian o80o when a taxicab into
g which she had just stepped, backed
Ir off the dock into the river when the
motor was cranked.
AMBUSHERS SHOOT MINER,
f Harlan, Ky.-Shots fired from am
bush in the mountains wounded one
is miner and narrowly missed a score
is of others while they were on their
F. way to work at the McComb coal
t- mine, near Harlan. The company has
ie been shut down for some time and re
n. cently most of the employes agreed
se to return to work at a wage reduction.
n- Operation then resumed. It is be
a lieved the men who had refused to
g work fired the shots. More than 50
a. bullets hailed around the men, Her*
., rison Downs was wounded but wil
a- Blue Law Prepoeed.
Ie Washington.-A Sunday closaing law
id for the district of Columbia which its
ir- author declared was "designed largely
t- to head off some of the more extreme
se 'blue law' proposals," was proposed by
Senator Myers, democrat, Montana.
His bill would prohibit baseball, mov
ing pictures and all amusement enter
rd prise operated for an admission fee
le- and sale of commodities not absolutely
BEAR WILL BE FIRST.
Carries Mail and Supplies to the Met
e Northern Points.
py, Seattle, Wash.-When the Bering
up sea winter ice breaks early in June the
first steamer to plough the released
waters will be the United States reve
nue cutter Bear. Every spring for 35
ad years the Bear has been the first into
of the northern sea with mail and sun
on plies for isolated Alaska points as fat
he north as Point Barrow, the uttermnod
coraer of the otlet.
USE FOOT PLOW
Primitive Implement Is Still Em
ployed in Peru.
Ancient System of Cultivation Found
Sufficient to Produce All Crops
the Country Needs.
In the intermediate or temperate
valleys of the eastern Andes, at alti
tudes between 5,Q0() and 11,000 feet.
agriculture was of the terrace system,
which the ancient Peruvians carried
to a higher developments than any
other people, says a .report of the
Smithsonian institution. Hundreds
of square miles of land were re
claimed by straightening rivers, wall
ing, filling leveling and covering with a
deep layer of fine soil. All of these
artficial lands had also to be irrigated.
often by carrying the water channels
for many miles through craggy moun
tains or along precipitous slopes. After
being cropped with maize continu
ously for centuries the terrace farms
are still fertile and have enabled
millions of people to live in a region
that in its natural condition could
have been of no use for agricultural
In still higher valleys, at altitudes
of from 11.,(t0 to 14.000 feet, the cli
mate is colder, moisture is more abun
dant and the slopes are more gentle.
There is less need of terracing or ir
rigation, but the alpine grasses and
other small plants form a dense, fibrous
turf, a condition like that of northern
countries where the plow is the basle
implement of agriculture. The farm
ing of the mountain grass lands was
done by human labor, facilitated by
peculiar implement for breaking the
The Peruvian foot plow consists of
a rather stout wooden handle between
five and six feet long, shod, as in mod
ern times, by an Iron point about three
inches wide and two or three times as
long. On the left side, just above the
Iron point is a footrest bound to the
handle by leathern thongs. A few
inches farther up is another rest, at
tached in the same way, projecting
forward. This is for the left hand,
which thus assists the foot in applying
the weight of the body to pushing the
Implement into the soil.
Two "plowmen" work together, so
that their plows enter the soil only a
few inches apart under the same piece
of sod, which is then pried up. A boy
or woman kneels in front of each
d "team" to turn the sods as fast as they
2. are loosened. In the rarefied atmos
tf phere of the high mountains plowing
Q, Is a very strenuous exercise and the
it work has to be done in short shifts.
B The tough sod disintegrates during the
long growing season into a loose
black soil. The cultivation of potatoes
f by this method is carried on to an alti
tude of more than 14,000 feet on the
The hardest varitles of potatoes are
too bitter to be eaten in the fresh
state, but are dried as a reserve stock
of food after freezing, thawing and
threading out the juice. The natives
are familiar with the names, habits
and distinctive qualities of many varie
ties of potatoes, including several types
'k that are very different from any known
t, in the United States. The flavors,
i, colors and textures of the different
t kinds of potatoes are as keenly ap
predated among the high altitude peo.
1e pie as the varieties of apples or peaches
are with us. The firm textures and
distinct flavors of the Peruvian varie
ties may be due in part to their being
less affected by cooking, since water
boils at lower temperatures In the high
altitudes. Potatoes are not baked or
S roasted, fuel being too searce.
Other Lands, Other Ways.
he Mother and I were traveling abroad
and uas we had a compartment to our
selves one day, we put our bags in the
seats. At one stop a man boarded
the train and stood in the doorway of
our compartment, gazing at us and
Sthen at our luggage. I removed it. He
Sentered, seated himself, and glued his
, gaze to me, making me most uncon'
fortIble. In the course of fiftteen min
utes his head rested on my shoulder.
1 Jumped up. I couldn't remonstrate
as I didn't speak his language, so I
went out into the passageway and
. found the guard, who assured me that
Sthe man would be removed. I have
Sbeen informed since, by people who
know more about the eustoms abroad
Sthan I do, thast by removing my bags
fpm the seat I gave the man a direct
invitation to flirt. -Chicago Tribune.
Whale Hide for Tire.
SThe leading novelty at the recent
automobile show at Seattle, Wash.,
sly was a tire made from the hide of a
Pacific coast whale. Except for its
pliable nature and a light red color
Dnone would have suspected it being
v other than the rubber product.
t At the tannery where it was turned
ee out it was said that such tires can be
ly manufactured at one-fourth the cost_
of those of rubber. The hides of
shark, wolf fish and whales can be
used. As to the supply of these fishes
it was assured auto owners that it is
Another assurance was given to the
In doubting ones in that a single whale
the skin will produce over 500 standard
35 Barn Fet.
to Perhaps it is In an effort to parfeo
up their feet that so many o the ieiasre
t class are affecting sandals for mer
olag wear with intimate Ugaratta.
.en glam bkanofe.
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