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The San Antonio Liffhl.
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TUESDAY, Al'ltIL 17, 1883.
TIIK LOUISIANA LOTTKKV.
As flaunting and ostentatious a memorial to
vice as is known in any history is the Louisi
ana State lottery. It is now just so years
since that commonwealth had a memorable
struggle to suppress, or recover, a grant
somewhat similar, held by one Gregory. But
it was a legitimate lottery, with legitimate re
straints, and not a charter of fraud, aj this.
The Legislature of Louisiana repealed it in
August, 1833, the act to take effect on Janu
ary I, 1834, but with its limited opportunitief,
which bore n'o comparison to those of the lot
tery of to-day, it yet defied the judicial power,
and far on in the forties still kept its stalls
open.and still sold its tickets on the streets of
New Orleans. It was, however, finally sup
pressed, and more than a quarter of a century
afterward one of its clerks appeared among1
the negroes of the Louisiana Legislature and
procured the unconditional charter which now
holds that State, as in a vice.
In that very year (1834) a struggle was in
progress in Pennsylvania for Ihe suppression
of lotteries by means of a society organized
for that purpose. From an old report is
sued in 1837 we quote the introductory pass
age, which gives a bird's eye view of the
beauties of the lottery as an institution
wherever it prevails :
If n committee weru appointed by each of
the State Legislatures to ascertain from living
witnesses the effects of lotteries within their
respective Jurisdictions a mass of private dls
tress and public Injury would bo brought to
light, the inagnltudo of which It Is dllllcnlt to
conceive Wo should witness the severance of
the closest and uearest connections of life, the
violation of the sacred vows of wedlock, nnd
tho disruption of the tender ties of consan
guinity and nature. Woo would meet ourgazo
In tho various forms of hopeless bankruptcy
cheerlss and unmltlguted penury, Incurable,
lntemperaneo and Infamous vlco Hut It may
bo well for tho reputation of tho country that
some of thco dread ennsequonecs may still bo
concealed. Tho colors of the plcturo would bo
too sombor-tho scene, In Its colledcd deform
ity, too hideous for exposure to tho open day.
In attempting, therefore, a miniature sketch
from private sources ot tho results which this
englno of human mlfcery and debasement hus
effocted, we shall do all that Is within our
power in ranging nnd grouping togother u lew
examples undsr appropriate heads.
It was related by Hon. E. V.
Robertson, of Louisiana, in an able speech
delivered in the U. S. House of R'eprssenta-
tives, at its recent session, that on the night of
a drawing of a great foreign lottery there were
over 50 suicides of holders of unlucky tickets1
In his argument that gentleman exposed the
outraeeous 'character of the charter of the
Louisiana infamy in the following sentences
I challenge the world to produce leglsla.
tlon moro infamous than the above. Tho
records of no government In undent or modern
times contain a law moro atrocious In every
foaturoorso complete an abdication of tho
law-milking power, 'the human mind cun
Kcarco realized tho grunt of such unlimited
noworns Is confoiTcd by this statute. It is 11
permit to jnBlct every Injury to the property
undllbortyoftliocltl7.cn by tho utterly Irre
sponsible agency of a soulless corporation. No
suporvUlon could bo exercised ovor Its ex-
traordlnary powers of monopoly, and It was
. ,. ' ,.,.,.- ,
even excused from mnklnjr any statement to
tho irmntor whatsoever. If such a grant had
been made to carry on n legltlmato branch of
business It would have been bad enough In all
conscience; hut fancy these extraordinary
powers being Intrusted to cxerclso In n noton-
ously thelvlng, swindling, and cheating innu
ncr to plunder tho people. No check was pro
scribed ns to tho mode of tho swindle, cither by
tho Issue of fictitious combinations, prizes nl
fcred but novr drawn, -policy numbers playe
without n clianco to win, every variety of In
vention which thorinft of men might uso to
rob his follow intiirnll theso wcro permissible
under this extraordinary grant
Under this nefarious charter the company
at once organized a flagitious game which was
the "rolelte" of the gambling hells, by which
its receipts were not less than $5000 a day
It soon acquired wealth; but the profits and
the inlamy hardly went hand in hand. The
institution became a power in the State
buried much of its shame under pretences 0
munificence and, with that real liberality
which successful swindling affords, bought its
friends as cattle are bought. It was at first
prepared to draw 15 numbers three times a
week but started with 14 as an experiment,
and discovering, that the public was blind,
as the 15th number involved the rehrTjuish
ment of enormous gains, it was dropped. The
numbers drawn were, variously, from 1 1 to
14. The deluded buyers were without safe
guards of any kind. Whatever imposture Ihe
people's minds, inflamed by illusion, would
bear was provided. Rapidly the common
wealth cast away its birthright and now the
Iranchise affords no power over the common
Hut all over the country as well, the de
bauchery of this shameless institution riots in
triumphal mockery of laws and people. The
withered husks of a moral socialism fly in the
wind, while argument excites derision and
opposition fiuitless strife. Whatever man or
principle has price or value there is money to
On the 13th of November, 1S79, Postmaster-
General Key issued an order interdicting the
use of the malls to the Louisiana State lottery
because it was ' engaged in conducting a
scheme, or device, for obtaining money through
the mails by means of false and fraudulent
pretenses, misrepresentation!, and promises."
For three months the order was in torce. On
the 27th of February, 1880, Pcstmaster-Gen-eral
Key's views of the "false and fraudulent
pretenses, misrepresentations and promises"
had undergone a marked change, not ex
plained or accounted for as that officer's
friends could have desired. He revoked his
interdiction and opened the mail bags of the
Government to the infamy anew. He was super
seded by Hon. T. O. Howe, and the country
then had to face the humiliating spectacle of
a. cabinet official apparently coming into office
prepared to split hairs in a subtle and ground
less argument, the object of which was to
justify his persistence in the disingenuous
course of'his predecessor. It was humiliating
enough. It yielded to no expostulation, to
no array of legal authority, to no appeal of
patriotism, or humanity. The country was
again deluged with symbols of the shameless
prostitution, and misery and crime rioted
wherever the enchantments were spread that
allured its victims.
It is now 15 years since Louisiana was cap
tured by this body corporate, and to-day she
wears its chains. Its legislators are to-day in
all her halls. It has its hands on the ermine
ol her judiciary. It long since subsidized the
press. Hut there is more, much more. It
ramifies throughout the country. In the pub
lic places ol the nation its voice is heard, and its
sorcery pervades the departm 'nts and makes U
power felt on every hand. Without legal ex
istence, without a legal pretext for the base on
which it stands, it neither fears nor falters.
By the Louisiana Legislature of 1S79 its
charter was repealed. The United States
Supreme court, the onfy sanctuary it has not
desecrated, has declared that it has, since
then, had no legal existence. Its character
istic recours? is to an interlocutory order of a
corrupt Federal District Judge for pretences
serve it as well as substantial and valid statutes
or decrees and it vaunts them in the face of
authority, and of the world. What then will
Louisiana do t The United States Supreme
court, by its decision in the recent Kentucky
lottery case, opened a door for her escape,
but she requires a majority of her Legislature.
With no press to aid her, without an utterance
from any pulpit within her borders in her be.
half, with a people not wholly disenchanted,
but wholly discontinued and discouraged,
how will she get that majority ? Vet in that
alone lies her safely and all her hopes of
Washington has a strange Raster Monday
custom that ol egg rolling by the young peo
ple. Half a dozen or more of tlitm, each
one having an egg so marked or colored as to
distinguish it, go to the top ol a hillock
where they all start their eggs rolling down
ward at the same time. Before reaching the
bottom the fragile eggs get broken, to the, de
light of theowners of the stronger and cham
pion eggs. So many children used to fre
quent 'the terrace slopes of the capitol on
Easter Mondays that Congress had to pass a
law excluding ihem. Now they congregate in
the grounds of the White House, where there
are several artificial mounds, which ate used.
SAM HOUSTON'S STOltY.
Ills Ilenson Why tho Stnto is Now Called
Sam Houston is reported to have given the
followinc definition of the origin of Texas
which, it is said, lie received from op Indian
"Long ago, when the Spaniards overran
and conquered Mexico, some red men left
them and came toward the rising sun. They
crossed the Rio Grande, nnd, not knowing
what lay before them, entered upon the great
salt marshes. 1 hev traveled many days and
found but little sweet water or game. The
weather crew hot. the little streams dried tip.
the grass withered nnd many old men and
women and children died from thirst. One
day, after weeks of weary walking, a party of
youne braves, who had been sentatieait to re
connoiter, came running back and raid :
' We have found water; come on I' The good
news put new life, into their veins, although
nothing could be seen but a dry, fiat, bald
prairie. The scouts slill beckoned to them and
pointed to somethinc apparently at their leet.
When ihey reached the spot where the braves
were standing they saw the limped waters of
the Colorado, ucyond stretched a green ex
panse. The tali mesqultc grass, yielding to
the breath ol the gentle south wind, rolled in
vast billows of verdure, under the ardent sum
mer sun. Little islands ol mesquite trees
dotted this grassy sea, and herds of buffalo
and deer grazed in peaceful ignorance of the
enemy's approach, forgetting hunger, ta
tipue and even thirst in this delicious vision,
the red men fell upon their knees and cried
out, ' Tehas I 'I ehas I ' ' Tehas ' is the near
est approach in English to the coirect pro
nunciation of Texas ; means paradise."
An Analysis of Stage Klasos.
Prom the New York Dramatic News.
When Miss Anderson kisses she does it
frankly enntlgh, and for that very reason it
lacks tenderness. Miss Rose Coghlan gen
erally kisses automatically, with her back to
the audience, and with the precision a recruit
would display at drill. This may be called
the old English comedy kiss, which is a meet
ing of lips and nothini; more. Mrs. Lant'trv
is a'pour kisser in fact, the coldest of nny of
uur icminmc siars. 1 ms migui 01 iruiu DC
said of Janauscliek also, bu she kisses ar
tistically, generally on the forehead,-and
her roles are heavy, lingers not
upon the rosy Iipi, but gives it in a
sisterly way, and at once leaves her vie-
tim Miss Maud Granger throws her head
on one side and permits herself to be kissed,
with evident satisfaction. Modjeska kisses
with all the grace that may be desired, but she
permits herielf to be kissed oftener than she
kisses Clara Morris, imperfectly shaped for
labial purposes as she is, displays a rood deal
ol repugnance to the kiss actual, but reclines
very gracefully in the arms of her lover. Maud
Morrison may be said to use the kiss meta
phorical. Catherine Lewis rushes at it and
leaves a noise vibrating through the audi
torium. Lotta puckers tier lips, iunms to
those of her lover, kicks up her heels and
run 3 away. When boldene kisses sentiment
Nino Times Slurried. '
An old man residing in Simmons' Gap,
Georgia, has about as wide, varied and full
an experience of domesticity as any man since
the days of King Augustus II, of Poland,
This happy man, who has attained the patri
archal age of So years, has had the extreme fe
licity ol being married nine times and it is the
ninth wife who is at present mistress of Sim
mons' Gap. Nor in wives alone has this old
gentleman been endowed. Fifty-three per
sons are entitled to call him "papa," and at a
recent family gathering over 300 of his de
scendants were present.
J. C. BREEDING & SON,
Room No. S, up-stulrs. In Telcpliono building,
Buuuiwcsi vomer ot ooiouau unu
PATENT TIN HOOFING PLATES.
Tho boast 111 Use. Miinilfiintilir'il bv tlm Nn.
tlonal Sheet .Metal Hooting company, Nasi),
villi-, Tennessee. J. C. HREEDING & SON,
re do 11 Mam nm
Di (luasso, Merchant Tailor.
dents' flothlliL- lilililft to ordor. In lh lutnat
style, nnd giiaruntcn 11 perfect lit. A new
mciiioci or renovating; old clothing made to
look new. Also, repairing will ho done nt tho
llOrtOflt Iintff-ft. Tcl'lllfl i-filftnmihtr.- Ail,-.aa
Main phuii, nearFrench building, Han Antonio.
L. N. WAI.T1IAI,.
WALTHAL & CALLAfiiTAN,
ATTORNEYS -AT -LAW,
San Antonio, Texas.
OIJIco: Dwyor building, southeast cornor
EDWAKD J. GALLAGHER
Mason & Builder
031 II0UST0X STREET,
Estimates for dams, bridges, bnllors, elstorns.
tanks, furnaces, ovens, grutos and buildings of
all kinds. Will guarantoo satisfaction. Job
blag strlotly ttnnrti1 1n, n.rit-jy.
J. S. Lockwsod
J. II. Kiunpmann,
Lockwood & Kampmann,
(Successors lo Thornton ic U)cl(wood),
Deal In Mexican dollar und bullion, Tel
egruphlu transfers mudo. Hills on any part of
Europe and Mexico.
PETERSON & SOMMERS.
Tho proprietors of tho Atlantlo Gardens, hnvo Inaugurated a sorlos of
For tho public, to bo glvon on Wednesday, Saturday and Sunday Afternoons.
Thomuslo will bo of tho highest character, 'and all the accommodations will bo (Irst-clnM.
I iimllies and ladles will bo welcomed nnd nil Improper characters will bo oxoluded.
popular In tho city.
ii;iiuiu 1; iiiuku iiicmj concerts 1110
SIMMANG & H AMPUL'S
Postoffice Exchange Restaurant
FRESH FISH, 0VSTEKS, SHRIItiT, CRAMS AiXI) GAME
Always tin hand, nnd served In first-class style. Good board by tin day, Troek or month nt
reasonable rates. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. 3 10 if
SOULE & WILLIAMS,
PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, ETC.
Sole Ageuls for the Celebrated Avcrlll Ready-Mixed Paint.
272 Commerce Street,
ftOrdcrs by mall promptly attended to.
Tho LIGHT oinec Is tlio place to et the
best printing for the lenst money.
liETTKlt III5ADS, NOTE II ISADS,
U1I.L HEADS, STATEMENTS,
ENVELOPES, CAHDS, ETC.
Work Delivered When Promised,
SAM C. BENNETT,
t Wliolosulo and Retail Dealer In
FINE WINES, LIQUORS,
Clears and Tobacco. Particular attention
given to recoivlnpr and selllntr Wool for my
customers. Storo on corner ot Main plaza nnd
SAW ANTON'O. 1PWXAB
Blum St., opp. Menger Hotel,
SAN ANTONIO, : : : : TEXAS,
Horses fed bv the dav. week or month. Saddle
horses, carriages and buggies can be ordered at all
No. 237 Commerce Street,
Will rurnlih Wooden and Metallic llunal Cases and
Caikets. Hearses and Carriages stall times Offic
open day and night. Telopaone connection! -jltl
health offices. 7-i3-tf
very best, and tho Atlantis Gardens tho most
in Every Variety.
San Antonio, Texas.
Awning and Tent iter,
Ton t are forHiUe by HUGO A ECHMKrvrZKH,
All work cuarantecd. Prices reasonable.-!
HIRE ME A HALL! j
I wantjo tell about the Hoss Paper,
The San Antonio Light. I
Only 10 Cents a Week. j
310 Tust Commerco 8k, San Antonio, Texas.
Fine Job Prinline a Specially. I
DEVINE & SMITH
SAN ANTONIO TEXAS
tB"06co: Rooms rand 8 Davtnt
Dalldinz, EolsJ.d ltrtet-J
Will ittend to all bmlccti In tba itatt and Ttii ral
P. Groos & Co.,
and Dealers in Exchange,
iSAN ANTONIO, - . . TEXAS
THE BlllECT LINE
San Antonio, Western Texas and
TO ALL rOIHTS 1M TUB
North, "East, West and Southeast.
an Tako Tholr Choice of Honto
Either via Taylor and the new
0 via the St. Loots, Ikon Mountain & Sootwmh
Railway. Close connections at Utile Rock for all
Priuclpal Cities in tho Southeast.
In the Union Depot at St. Lonis with Exptes.
trains In all directions.
Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars
between SAN ANTONIO, AUSTIN HnminH
and GALVESTON, end eleirant Jloiel Cant?.. 0N
SAN ANTONIO andST!L5us;wahCo7cblrn.e.n
tH: m ft RMe &c-,pply ,o r
II. P. HUGHES Pa... Agent, ttonuon.
u't Gen, Pass. Agt., Marshall,"
i-as. gt-1 Marshall!' xai
F. CHANDLER, Gen. Pan. Aet.. St. lt. m
U. OXIK, 3d c Praj., St, LonU, Me