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Chewing and Smoklnx
established January, 178.
Cltrarcttes, clirart, pipes Ac, whole
wle at low nrlccs. Blm Hurt, Main
I'lan. Try my "Village Illacltitnlth"
5 wilt cigar, unetcclloil In llivor
His only Exclusive Wholc-nalo To
bacconist In San Antonio. Imported
and Douicstlo cigars, clgarcttca and
a full Una of Smokers' Articles.
Cora pa ro quality and price.
Vol. 1. No. 103.
San Antonio, Texas, Tuesday, July 31, 1883.
Ten Cents a Week.
ED STEVES & SONS,
Vrda at International aid flroit Northern Itillroal Depot, and Oalvcstou, llnrriabiirir and
1 San Antonlu railroad track, Hast Commcrcu Street.
The best grades always on hand. Also, Doors, Sash, Blinds,
Mouldings, Shingles, Fencing, Barbed Wire, Fence Posts,
Newels, Stair Rails and Ballusters. Our lumber is of the finest
quality and unexcelled. We would invite the public to ex
amine before purchasing elsewhere. Ed Stkves & Sons.
Sweeping llediictions !
SHEETS CORREVON & CASTLE
217 ALAMO PLAZA.
tfcarOur surplus summer stock must go. Call and be con
vinced. Have everything in the way' of gents' furnishings.
J. H. MARQUART,
BOOT & SHOE MANUFACTORY
No. 17 Soledad St., Opposite Court House,
Mattel HOOTS AND SHOES TO OKDEIt, on the horle.t notice and belt ityle.
U of liis Own Manufacluro of 'toils on Hand.
AUp has ih oMy complete Boot and Shoe Man" factory in San Antonio. Keepi the larjre.t. Lest and moil
varied stock of Leathirs, employa more workmen, turns out more good ami gives better satisfaction
than any other ettabliihinent of the kind In the city,
Only First Class Workmen Employed and Kntlro Satisfaction Guaranteed.
1 short notice.
CITY DRUG STORE.
ELLIOTT cSa IRQ-I-A.!",
No. 8, Hast Coiimicrcu Street, San Antonio, TexnH.
Ily'receiving Frejh Drujri, and have In
lly receiving Hem Urujri, and have In itock a larse auortment or Tooth nnil Nail llru.he
IVfuniery, foll.t Soapi. Spongef,Trut,ei. Shoulder Uracre. rlc, at lowtit mices.
tQ-PKESCRUTlONS A SPtCIALlY.-CS ;-3B-ieptl
O. F FROMMER,
Practical Book Binder and Ruler,
Opposite Court llouse, Soledad St., San Antonio.
Metalic Slates or Shingles
FOR ROOFING OR SIDING.
THE ANGLO AMERICAN ROOFING COMPANY
Have ettabliihed an Agency In San AiHonio, Tor their Metalic Slatei or Shingles for
( ROOFING AND SIDING, nlno
OORHOGf-A-TJUD SI-ZEST IRON"
For Building Purposes,
J3-nt'erlran.TlnorShinBlei, Doe not Shrink or Kot, are Fire Proof nj v.illiave Insurance.
C. M. KINGSLEY, Agent,
OFFICE AT CENTRAL HOTEL.
Also on hand all kinds of Building Material. ,.,,
Complete Revolution !
When In need of anything in this line, renumber the
itock larse auortment of Tooth and Nail llru.hei
Professor Halbedl Passes a Stringent Criti
cism Upon the Recent Session of the
Summer Normal School,
Ami .hIii,m Very dourly Tlmt the l'nal
Meeting llute llrrn n 1'nlllire, nml
The (ulloulnc ' translation of an able
letter from Professor F. M. Ilalbcdl, which
appears In a recent number o( the Galveston
Deutsche Post :
4,The Summer Normal schools are every
where drawing to a close ami a criticism at to
their worth and character may be allowed.
The San Antonio Normal school is, according
to my opinion, although contrary to other re
ports, almoit a failure, at least ao in point cf
attendance, for what is an audience of 20 par
ticipants for a city like San Antonio, a city
that boasts of bring the centre and model in
the system of education I Five of these 20
teichers are from the country, two not teachers
at all, and if we deduct the Supetintendent and
his son, onty 11, who are of our public schools,
remain. A poor representation from other
places, and only 11 teachers of our schools
present 1 No shining spectacle 1 What is
the cause ol such an appearance ? Is it apathy
on part of the teachers? Oris the cause to
be found in the manner the school is conduct
ed t What Is the object of these schools? Is
their aim attained? Could the purpose not
better be obtained in another mode ? These
are points that are worthy of consideration.
The apathy of the teachers, for the greatest
pirt, which may easily be explained, as far as
the city teachers aer concerned, and they gen
erally form the largest contingent. Imagine
yourself a city teacher,who 10 months honestly
fatigued and exerted himself to educate other
people's children, often 50 to 100 pupils in our
class, a teacher whose thoughts were day
and night with his calling, whose endeavors
were directed, how with love and patience,
he may best operate upon the child's mind
who in badly ventila'.ed, and still worse swept
school rooms, was compelled to breathe foul
air, not mentioning the dust, surely you would
not blame such a teacher when he rejoices,
like a child at the thought of vacation, when
he looks forward with pleasure to the tLue he
may shake the dust from his shoes and revive
his exerted spirit ; that he may find rest for
his body and restore his disturbed nerves to
their natural equilibrium ? Were it not even
advisable for every teacher to renew himself
physically and mentally ?
"Why do we have vacation at all ?
"A teacher must not alone possess the
knowledge, but above all things, have the
heart and soul to gain influence, and this is
often critically shaken during his 10 months'
hard work when the faults and delects of 50 or
ico families are constantly displayed before his
eyes through the medium of their children.
And now he Is expected to remain four or
five weeks longer in the city in fact, to go
to school without drawing a salary, and in
this excruciating summer heat, and for what ?
To hear such grammatical questions discussed
at, for instance, whether it were not more ap
propriate to say 'personals' instead of 'per
sonal pronouns,' or If the noun has two or
three esses, etc. Kurthermore.to study botany
at a time where there is not a living blade of
grass to be found, to digest dry extracts from
history, which may be plcasanter perused un
der our green liveoaks, or to pursue higher
branches of mathematics in the highest tem
perature. "Able lectures on educational topics are
held as good as not at all these would rcqulre
qualified pedagogues and they are, as is
known, 'rare aves,' at least not to be found in
every Texas city. No wonder then, that the
teachrrs do not minlfist that interest which
the name 'Ncrmal school' should awaken. A
great deal of the affair is apparently only an
"It is not the aim of the institutions to cram
those present within the shortest lime possible
with grammar, mathematics, botany and so
on, but to deliberate on the best methods of
teaching, t discuss questions on discipline,
(to awaken a spirit of unity) and enthusiasm
in their difficult vocation. The last point Is
especially an impottant and necessary factor;
for, if a teacher has a love for his profession,
he will continually cultivate himself, and If
vice versa is the case, the best normals in the
world will do him no good. In this case, I
would apply to the teacher what is generally
said of the poet, 'posta raiscitur,' for indeed,
it Is more difficult to lorm characters than to
make artificial verses; the latter make no
poet, just as knowledge alone makes no
'Now.is the above purpose of these schools
obtained? Hardly. Two cauies are the chief
obstacles, viz: The division of the faculties
upon 40 different schools, and the unreason,
able length of time allotted, added to this, the
pecuniary Interest of many teachers may take
an important role. The disjunction of the
faculties on 40 different Institutions Is the cause
that none of them suffice their purpose.
One man alone can not well keep such a
school In activity for four weeks, though be he
a man oi acknowledged abilities. Moreover,
is everyone of these 40 selected really a, peda
gogue by prolesslont The appointed con
ductor must therefore seek the assistance ol
others In order to fill up the prescribed time
of four weeks; consequently it so happens
that each and everybody is welcome, just so
he supplies the want. He may speak on
what he likes, and how he likes time must be
killed; may he have grown old In his calling
or just left school, makes no difference, just so
he lectures and be it of Adam and lire I
"A Normal school should be a model
school, only experts if that profession should
lead the discourse and not people that fol
low another calling, for that reason alone
they do not deserve to be heard. They have
no experience and all 'theory is gray,' as long
as it is not based on lacts, but whence shall
such experience come to a man who, for in
stance as 'Major,' has only commanded sol
diers, or as 'Judge,' seen more of the shady
sides of the huraail life? Such may be well
qualified in their respective callings but can
not be masters of mine. This requires a life's
long dedication to that vocation and also with
love and pleasure and but lew achieve ti a
degree of mastery at that. How could we
best take hold of it all?
"I believe the following would serve the ob
ject ol the Normal schools better, be more prac
ticable, and can be also easily accomplished!
At I have already remarked, the rcpatatlve of
the few good faculties is a great drawback ;
instead of 'divide ct impcra,' let us adopt
'veribus unitus,' that is, let us unite the best
faculties, select a centrally located place, en
gage, say about five or six proficient teachers,
for one or two weeks, pay each about $200
for his trouble, which would only amount to
$icooor$joo The remainder of the sum
of $6000 allowed by the Legislature should
be spent in the board of the participating
teachers with which 500 persons can easily be
maintained. In this way all purposes of the
normal school would be helped ; we would
enjoy profitable lectures of scientific edu
cated pedagogues ; we would have ample
compensation tor the sacrifice of one or two
weeks, the expenses of each would be reduced
to a minimum, and last, but not leas!, the
aspect and association of so large a body of
fellow sufferers and laborers wauld certainly
make an elevating and aspiring effect. While
on the other hand, the poor number of some
10 or 20 old accustomed companions, with
their old accustomed faces and views, in the
old accustomed home, as they all work on to
the old treadmill (who can hardly suppress
their yawns), surely will not strengthen one's
mind and body and animate the participants
with enthusiasm for their calling.
"What do my brother laborers say to this
proposition? F. M. Halbfdl.
"San Antonio, July 22, 18S3."
CITY PHYSICIAN'S REPORT
Or Dentin III Sun Antonio for the Week
Knillng Monday, July 30,
Blanch Douglass, 8 days, ccnvuliions,
Coleman lUedsoc, 35 years, old age, Second
James Edwards, 12 years, traumatic tetanus,
John Monier, tG months, marasmus, Second
George Emmett, 21 days, Infant remittent
fever, Third ward. Hurled by the city.
Bonifacio Hernandez, ,78 years, old age,
Kufina Martinet, 13 months, convulsions,
Matias Ivara, 75 years, old age, Fourth
w ard, Buried by the city.
Willie Silcocks, 5 months, tabes mesenterla,
Felra Ramos, Co years, consumption, First
George E. Lucas, 32 years, poison or con
gestive chill, Third ward, inquest.
John M. Dukes, 56 years, typhoid remittent
fever, Second ward.
James Drew, 45 years, consumption, Second
Marie Tournler, 27 years, Insolation,
Second ward. Buried by the city.
Mary W. Hackly, 49 years, dysentery,
SCENE IN THE PROBATE COURT.
Two Lawyers hating aSllglit Illstlirlinnr
are rlneil by Judge Mnann.
Yesterday during the hearing of the San
chez case in the l'robate court a slight dis
agreement arose between the two opposing
lawyers as to some words having been heard
or said by some of the parties. It seems that
in the commencement of the case, Mr. Rosen
heimer, who was opposed to Mr. Copeland,
said his (Mr. Copeland's) client had been
spending money in a useless manner and
spreeing. Shortly after this Mr. Kosenheimir
fell ill and Mr. W. W. Berry took hit place.
Yesterday Mr. Copeland arose to confute the
above statement, and forgetting that Mr.
Uosenheimer had appeared in the beginning
of the case, taxed Mr. Berry with having said
the words before stated in regard to Mr.
Copeland't client. Mr. Copeland pertisted in
bis accusation and Mr. Berry parsistently de
nied It. At length Mr. Berry got furious,
and it looked as if the forms of flying ink
stands would blacken the air, but Mr, Cope
land smiled and kept his temper, when Judge
Mason, ordering, the Sheriff to keep order,
fined Mr. Berry $10 for his conduct, and Mr.
Copeland $5 for persisting in his statement.
A Murderer Wanted
Information hat been received in the city
that a man named Manuel de Olltt is wanted
the murder of Pancha Morales, at Fort Dwell,
on Friday last. The couple had lived to
gether and quarreled. She left him on the
26th instant, and on the day following he met
her at the house where they had resided,
when she was getting her things. He then
shot her In the back and she died almost in
stantly. Ollat escaped, and it Is supposed
that he has gone to Meilco. He has, how
ever, friends in this city, and may pay them
a visit In the course of his peregrinations.
Interesting News That Flashed Over The
Wires From All Quarters
of The Globe.
Pragma r The Ktrlke-.A Illuutroite
lrlliiiinkn Near Naples, Italy--Curry,
the Informer, Nhnt.
Indianai-oiis, July 30. The meeting
called for to-morrow, of the representatives
of the boards of trade, in the Mississippi val.
fry, to consider the strike, has been indefi
ALEXANDRIA, Jul 3a An analysis hat
been made of the water of the Nile, which
shows that it It infected with puttid matter to
above Ihi cataracts. Four deaths from
cholera occurred here yesterday.
London, July 30. A dispatch frm Na
ples just received says that it is now stated
that the number of persons killed by the
earthquake on the island of Ischief on Satur
day night was 2000 killed, number of wound
N'AsnviLLr, July 20. In the Polk case
Judge Allen ovenuled the motion far a new
trial and passed sentence upon the prisoner.
The case was appealed to Hie supreme court
and the bond raised to $45,000, which was
StN Francisco, July 30. The theatrical
performance last evening at the Grand opera
house, for the benefit of ihe sulking operators,
under the auspices of Ihe Knights of Labor,
netted $3000. The gross receipts were about
Waco, July 30. It is understood that when
the road Is opened through from Gainesville
to St. Louis, the division headquarters, and
probably the shops, will be located here. The
first freight train leaves St. Louis on the S.h
Brim is, July 30. The Senate has Issued
an order to all captains of vessels arriving
from America, with pickled pork as a part of
their cargoes, to notify the custom authorities
of the quantity they have on board, on patn of
Jirsiy City, July 30. Ex-Policeman John
Nugent and Edward Fariell, two of the par
ties implicated In the attempt to rob the bank
of Fort Smith, of a bag containing $10,000,
were arrestrd on a railway train near Hobo
ken on Saturday and sentenced lo 10 years in
Chicago, July 30. General Sheridan,
General Grant and a party of gentlemen, left
for Louisville by a special train this morning,
where they were to meet President Arthur, at
the opening of the exposition in that city.
They will return to Chicago on Wednesday
and join in the reception to be tendered the
President on Thursday.
New York, July 30. An order of arrest
was granted in the Supreme court against
Rev. Richard II. L. Tighe, pastor of Grace
church chapel, and suit wat commenced
against him by Thomas J. Noblett. The
action is for $25,000 damages, for alienating
hit wife's affections, by lying and slanderous
statements, which he alleged resulted in his
incarceration in the inebriate asylum and in
Nrw York, July 30. There is very little
new la Ihe telegraph war. The threatened
ttrike of the railroad operators has not been
ordered yet. Five members of the brother
hood returned to their desks thit morning In
New York, two In Montreal, and one each at
Raleigh, North Carolina, and Richmond,
Virginia. Business at the Western Union
office wat cleared last night and is now run
ning promptly. The strikers are still firm.
Washington, July 30. Surgeon General
Hamilton, of the Marine hospital service, re
ceived a cable from Havana, stating that the
City of Merida, from Vera Cruz to New York,
left 11 cases of yellow fever in that port. The
sloop was diilnfccted.
The President has made the following ap
pointments: Postmasters L. 8. Garrison,
Dallas, Texas, vice Amos A. Whissen, sus
pended; Harris W. Rankin, Hempstead,
Texas, vice II. L. Rankin, deceased.
Austin, July 30. In reply to a request of
prominent railroad men and citirens of Mata
moros. asking permission for Count Telfeoer,
who recently passed through Vera Cruz to
visit Matamoros, State I Icallh Offic t Swearin.
gen to-day replied that his authority In quar-
amine matters on Mexican terrltoiy was 'by
courtesy, and the Mexican authorities could
do as they please, but Count Telfener could
not visit Texas, he said, without rigidly com'
plying with all the quarantine laws and regU'
Boston, July 30 The Journal states that
Charles W. Copeland & Co., shoe manufact
urers, have indefinitely tuspended. Their
liabilities amount to $750,000, which the firm
says it has assets to cover. The firm has
several New York connections, end some of
the liabilities are due in that city. The fail
ure Is said to be due to the sudden pressure
of several large obligations, and the firm in
justice to its creditors, has decided to suspend
operations until an understanding can be ar
London, July 30. Intelligence it just re
ceived here that James Carey, the informer of
the Phoenix murder cases, w'as shot dead on
the tteamthip Melrose, while she was between
Cape Town and Port Elizabeth. The deed
was committed by a fellow passenger named
O'Donnel. O'Donnel took passage here by
the steamship Klnsfaunt Castle, which left
Dartsmouth on the 6th for Cape Town, where
the transferred her passengers who were des
tined to Port Elizabeth, Natal and other coast
ports to the steamship Melrose. The report
ol Ihe shooting of Carey caused immense ex
citement in the east end of London and In the
House of Commons. In the Commons Glad
stone said that befcue action could be taken
regarding the second Suez canal, the house
should have an opportunity or expressing lit
opinion on the subject. The government,
he said, desired the merchants and shippers
to have ample time to consider the matter.
The government doet not Intend an easy re
newal of the negotiations, as it is hopeless to
consider the question fairly, as long at it is
tangled in politics.
Naples, July 30. Profetsor Palmierl, di
rector of the Meteorological Observatory,
Mount Vtuvlus, states tint the disaster on
the Island of Ischief Satarday night, was not
due to the earthquake but to the subsidence
of Ihe ground. The tcene here, occasioned
by the accident, was heart rending, The hot
pitals are crowded with the wounded, tur
vivon and dead. The houses are fi led with
bodies of the victims. The bodies of several
Neapolitan ladles have been recovered from
the ruins. Five houses remain ttanding at
Caiamleciola. The cries for help can be
heard coming from the ruins. Sappers arc
hard at work endeavoring to rescue the per
sons still alive. Boats from Ihe Island are
filled with the dead bodies arriving here con
stantly. Many women and children are among the
victims qf the catthquake at Ischief. Filly
wooden huts have been built .'mmcdlately fir
the accommodation of the survivors. The
municipal authorities ofNapIeiaretending re
lief to the Island, and doing all in their power
to alleviate the distress of the people. Most
of Ihe corpses recovered are so discolored that
even after they have been washed the features
are unrecognizable. All the members of the
police, force at Casamlcciola were killed. A
boat has arrived from Naples containing the
bodies of 24 infants. Few persons were
taken from the ruins alive. Last evening
800 more troops we.it to the scene of the dis
aster. LOVE IN SAN ANTONIO.
TI10 Troulilra of Young Couple Carrying
mi is CliimlcRtUiA Courtship.
There is a little romance In this city, which
is not generally known and which it of con
siderable interest now, and may be more so
by and by. A young man met a very young
lady at a party and licctme awfully tmltten
with her. She returned hit affection and they
met frequently. Pjpa' however, "tmelled a
rat," an4 having other viewt for his daughter
made the young man understand
that as far as he wat concern
ed his absence was preferable to
his company, and fotbade him all Intercourse
with his daughter. Excluded from the house
he could hold no intercourse v.lth his
charmer. She was watched, and the old gen
tleman had the key of the mall box. But
love always finds out a way. A happy thought
struck him; they both resided upon Ihe same
ditch, why not make it love's messenger.
This is now done by him, as the ditch flows
through his residence and thence through that
other father. She answers through the mail,
and thus they can write the "soft nothings of
love," If they are not able to whisper them.
II matters progress as they have done lately,
the girl will be missing one morning and will
next be heard of as the wife of the hnamored
A WRETCHED END.
Ilntalla or the Itouiantlo Career of the
Man l'ouud Drowned.
Further Inquiry into the case of the man
found drowned in the river yesterday showt
that the dead man is Royal, not Royle, and
that there is as usual, a woman at the bottom
of his troubles. Royal was about 32 yeart of
age, somewhat tall, rather good looking, and
wat very intelligent. A few yeart slice he
wat smitten with the charrai of a Whistler,
Alabama, belle, who returned his affections,
and the fond pair Indu'ged in the dreamt of a
mxtilmocial alliance, but it wat a dream that
had a rude awakening. The "cruel parents"
would not consent to the marriage, and did all
they could to prevent it, to Ihe lovers fled one
day and got united without iheir leave or con
tent. The maniage began In love and under
good auspices, like many others, ended in
hate. After a few yeart of raatiimonial in
felicity the law that had bound them together,
wat asked to break Ihe fettcrt asunder. They
were divorced, and then Perry took to drink
and came to Texas. It is the same old story
with the usual end Gradually he tank lower
and lower until he found rest in the grave,
where alone is found peace for the weary and
Conllugrutioii at Ilurtley'a Store, slow It
was Caused nnd the ltesult.
This morning about 1:30 o'clock an alarm
of fire was raised and ft wat found that the
crockery and notion ttore of Mr. Hartley, on
Commerce ttreet, Immediately opposite Fire
Chief Duerler't ttore, was on fire. The flames
loon enveloped the premlsei and there was
danger of the premises being razed to the
ground, but the fire boyt got to work with
hose and hydrant, and toon extinguished the
fire. The lost and damage to the building It
estimated at about $1000. The fire it tup
posed to have originated by a lamp, which
wat allowed to burn all night, and which it is
thought exploded and tet fire to the ttock,