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Our Boys' Cigarettes,
5c. per Package.
Slit I1A11T, MAIN PI.A.A.
...VANITY FAIR CIGARETTES,
Aim lUrtV, Main Waaa.
Vol. I. No. 154. !-
San Antonio, Texas, Thursday, September 27, 1883.'
Ten Cents a Week
ED STEVES & SONS, I
Tarda at International arid Qrat Northern Railroad Depot, arid Ualvwton, llarrlsburir and
San Antonln railroad track. East Commerce Ptreut.
The best grades always on hand. Also Doors, Sash, Blinds,
Mouldings, Shingles, Fencing, Barbed Wire, Fence Posts,
Newels, Stair Rails and Ballusters. Our lumber is.of the finest
quality and unexcelled. We would invite the public to exam
ine before purchasing elsewhere. Ed. Steves & Sons.
f in Pino Waldos,
216 Commerce Street, San Antonio,
GREAT BARGAINS !
Etate or h. GRENET, Dax
Dry Ms, (Mlii, Bits, Sloes,
fllaii ware ami Crockery Positively Sold 25 par :(.
Tselow Cost to Close Out Stork.
GEOOE RY DEPA-KTMEISTT !
KcTitatfiiUstamlanl.'wUhfrefthvut goods constantly on bund. l!et wLIfklesflndcopnai'e
also, bt French, German and California wines la tho city. Goods delivered anywhere In the
city. Whole grocery business offered for sale. A raro opportunity for an o no ore tic and cnter
prfslojj man. Tho splendid business stand, tho "Old A In in w," also ottered for Palo.
For sale Three-story house, cornor Main vlazaand Market street; two-story roRldenco and
eight acres Irrigable ground, on Garden street, and various lots In thv city. Apply to
JOSEPH B. DWTBB, Executor.
J. M. EMERSON,
i No. lis, Solerind Street, San Antonio, Toxuh.
Watches, clocks, jewelry, guns, pistols, musical instru
ments, etc., sold at a small advance of cost. Bargains to
be had in forfeited pledges.
J. H. MARQUART,
BOOT & SHOE MANUFACTORY
No. 17 Soledad St., Opposite Court House,
Makes BOOTS AND SHOES TO ORDKIt, o. iSe shortest notice and (.en Mile.
Keeps a Stock of lis Oi Manufacture of Goods on Hand.
Alia kai Ihe ojlv complex Boot and Shoe Minnficlorr In San Antonio. Keeps tlit Urxeir. bet and mo.t
yarled itock of UatUtrj, tmplop mora workmen, turn, out mora good! and dm littler lalUfaellon
-Ikaa any other celalilUliineiu ot the kind ia Iht city.
Oiily First Class Workmen Euijloycd
All arid neat Repairing doni on llioit natlce.
vrtmai V117 aoi aau aaot Maauuatary.
Diamonds and J
and Entire Satisfaction Guaranteed.
ie .f aaylMlf la Kit) lil
Dr. Lowery Delivers an Able and Interesting
Address Before the Western Ttus
In Which II. Urc.a Strict Knfurc.m.iit of
"aaltary Ijni, Oroful In. p. .lion
mil flood Inapertort.
At the raeetiag of the Western Texas Medi
cal association at the county court bouie lait
night, Dr. Lowery delivered the following In
teresting address upon sanitation:
"Many diieasei which the practitioner ii
called upon to treat were entirely unknown
to man In (is primitive slate. Civilization,
with Is many blessings, has also brought In
Its train tntny fatal and intractable diseases.
The crowding together in lartje cities of peo
ple sho are ignorant of the laws of bealtb,and
who have no well arranged sanitary regula
tions, has been a fiultful source of dlieasr,and
has compelled men and municipalities to di
reel their attention to this evil, and try if pos
sible to avert it. Hence we iind from the
aanals of some of the oldest cities of antiquity
that they too struggled with the same ques
tion of sanitation that claims our attention to
day. Of course their first attempts were
simple, short sighted and olten proved a com
plete failure; but the blighting hand of disease
would warn them again and again, until
renewed efforts, better plans, a closer study of
disease, have enabled mankind, step by step,
to make advancement until to-day man, by his
knowledge, skill and labor can change the
deadly swamp Into a healthful home for the
peasant, and the city where "pestilence
stslkelh at noonday" Into a safe abode for the
THE VITAL QUESTION
comes home to us to-day; How can we
stcuro-our far-famed city from the baneful
blight of those zymotic diseases whick are
known to be preventable J We have bad an
able report on stwtrage presented, but sewers
will not do it. We have had an excellent re
port on drainage; but this, of itself, will not
accomplish the end in view. These are all
necesiary and are steps In the right direction;
indeed, they are a sine qua non, for, without
these as a starting point, we could do nothing.
But your sewers will be vain and useless for
the end in view, unless there are good
sanitary laws, and these are rigidly en
forced. By good laws I mean particularly
laws which are comprehensive and just; laws
that embrace in their scope all those offenses
which are detrimental to public health; laws
which compel not only clean alleys, streets,
stables and privies, but clean houses, beds
clothes and skins; laws which compel, as far
as possible, pure water, wholesome food and
fresh air. And white these laws should be
comprehensive, they should also be just. The
penalties should be sulficlent to compel their
observance, and proportional to the offenses
committed. There must be
NO CLASS DISTINCTION,
but all should stand upon the same footing,
since the evil of bid sanitation is no respecter
of persons, lut afllicts the rich as well as the
In order to secure the effectual enforcement
of such laws ; First, public education on this
subject is necessary and, second, a system ol
It is a conceded fact that thousands of
laws on the statue hooka r ...!
letter, simnly because lliey cadnot be '
.w, uc guou laws, anu
often are, but public sentiment has not been
brought to that degree of perfection which
demands, or even allows their enforcement.
Such would be the case with many sanitary
laws. The uneducated (and In sanitary mat
ters this includes a vast majority of the popu
lation) do not recognize the necessity, and
are subsequently unwilling to subject them
selves to the Inconvenience anil expense
which, attend the enforcement of such regula
tions. Hence it devolves upon the medical
profession as the pioneers In this great work
to tike steps to educate the people to the im
portance, necessity and even economy of
strict sanitation. his Is a great work, and
one that will grow with the growth, and de
velop with the development of the human
race. All that we can expect to do in the so
lution of this question will be but a drop in
the great ocean of Influence that must be ex
erted before man shall in the cycle of aces
DEGREE OF PHYSICAL FIRPECTION
which can only come uf pure race, breathing
pure air, fed on wholesome food and so pro
tected igainst "wind and weather" that the
scriptures shall be literally fulfilled, "Ihe child
shall die a hundred years old." But much
can be done in the way f educating ihe pub
lic mind to a due appreciation of sanitation by
the medical profession. Let this subject have
the attention which its Importance demands;
let It be more generally discussed and made a
part of the programme of every medical meet
lag, and let the mind ot the entire medical
profession be constantly turned 'to its consid
eration. Let the medical journals also, and
even the popular press, teem with articles
from those who know and who have influence,
until all who read may become familiar wilh
all the general laws of sanitation. Let the
practitioner enforce it at the bedside and in
Ihe social circle, being himself so posted that
he can; at all times, give cogent reasons and
forcible examples to suitably Imprets the
minds of those with whom he meets.
Hut it is necessary to go even furtherjihan
this, and have the principles of hygiene
taught In tht schools, and the children
to learn early that not only is cleanliness
neat to Godliness, but that
I URCTY OF Till ELEMENTS
of physical lile are as necessary to physical
growth as an atmosphere morally pure is
necessary to correct moral development. Bat
even granting that you have a good system of
drainage and sewerage, lha( your regulations
are comprehensive and complete, and that
public sentiment will sustain their due en
forcement, you still need more; you nerd
officers who will carefully inspect all premises,
and rigidly enforce every needful regulation.
Such men should be competent, Independent
and well paid. To be fully competent for
this work requires not only great versatility
of talent, but an amount of practical experi
ence and general knowledge seldom found In
any one man. Such men have not simply to
deal with Infectious diseases, but as far as
possible to find out and counteract the various
agencies by which these diseases areproduced
and propagated. Their Inspection should ex.
tend to the structure of buildings with refer
ence to ventilation and healthfulness, to the
condition of wells and cisterns, and the entire
water supply, subjecting the, same from lime
to time to careful chemical analysis and
microscopic examinations; to foods, as meat,
vegetables and milk, to ascertain whelher
they are wholesome and sound or not; to the
condition anil structure of water closets, Ihe
disposition of gsrbage and a thoussnd other
things which demand the attention of the
thoughtfal sanitarian in the city whose com
mercial growth has far outstripped lit
development in this direction. In the second
SUCH MEN SIIOI'LD DE IMII F.NUINT.
The enforcement of sanitary, like all other
regulations, Is sure to tun counter, not only to
some men's whims, but also to Ihelr present
comfort, convenience and financial interests;
but It is the duty of health officers to have In
view the greatest good to Ihe greatest number,
and "without fear, favor or affection," to
strictly enforce all those ssnltary regulations
which science and experience have demon
strated to be best for the physical health ol
mankind. And in conclusion, I will say that
such officers should be welt paid. It is, not
only true that "Ihe laborer is worthy of his
hire," but talent commands high wages, and
men who are competent to grasp this great
subject of sanitation, and are willing to devote
their time, thejr talents and their lives to the
study and evolution of the great principles on
which it Is founded, not only are capable of
conferring a priceless boon on Ihe present
race and posterity, but richly merit that pecu
niary compensatfen which such talents, labor
and good results would command if directed
in some other channel of human effort and
Til. Various Coinrnlltete of Hi. Volktr.it
llak. Vatlsfottorr Iteports.
The Executive committee of the Volksfest
met last night at Scholz's hall, Dr. M. Lind
ner, President, In the chair. Present: Messrs.
B. J. Uauermann, Ed linden, W. Hocfling,
A. llelknap, C. Ruoge, C. L. Wagner, H.
Ryder-Taylor, C. Katienbsrgtr, A. Staehly,
L. K. LtfrenU, R. Becker, It. Secbe, C.
Mueller, W. Files, G. Pearson, II. Karber
and Eugene StafTel. Several delegates from
the various societies sending decorated
wsgons were present.
Ihe minutes of the last meeting having
been read and approved Ihe Tieasurer pre
sented his report, showing receipts S2931,
expenditures $1870 81, balance $1061 iS.
The various committees were called upon
and made satisfactory reports of progress.
The delelegalcs from -the different societies
did the same.
A petition trom citliens asking for a tem
porary bridge across the San Antonio river,
from the Central garden to Yturri street, was
read, and after considerable discussion, re
ferted to the Ticket committee, with power to
Mr. George Pearson reported that excursion
arrangements were completed and he was
then arranging to provide accommodations
It was arranged that several members of
the committee should be sworn in as special
constables during the Volksfest.
Arrangements were made that the commit
tee should meet at the Central garden on
Monday, and In Srhola's hall on Wednesday
night, to make final arrangements.
The meeting then adjourned.
Tin. Ilecrptlouof tli. Uor.rnor of C.nlnil
lTli lion Anions to. 011
Editor Ban Antonio Unlit i
Nueva Laredo, Mexico, Septeuaber 25.
The bustle of Indeptndcncia day just over,
and now ne are In a perfect furore of excite
ment again over the arrival of Governor
Evaristo Madcro, of Cuthuila, Mexico, and
party. A committee of reception from Laredo,
Texas, came over In a special car and went
out and met them.
Th: row on' the other side, which I notice
your correspondent," "Rio Bravo," touched
on, the other day, Is still progressing. One
of the Aldermen shook the dust of the Coun
cil chamber from his garments, and said he'd
bed d if he ever adorned their delibera
tions again. The whole city for.ee, police,
Engineer, etc., are clamoring for their pay,
and there seems to be no let up to the munici
pal wrangle. We have It from undeniable
authority that one of the Aldermen offered
$301 as a bribe to a certain guardian of the
peace. The guardian was pot one of that
kind of men and the Alderman Is left, having
reckoned without his host. We wilt use
every endeavor to get the names of the parties
and If successful Ihe Light can give them an
airing. Onto Lado.
Th. StTO( Mirror of the Whit, r.l.pli.mt
O. Duffy was chsrged in the Recorder's
court this morning wilh being drunk and dis
orderly. From the evidence adduced It ap
pesred that Mr. Duffy was In the White
Elephant ssloon last night, and Mr. Berliner
ordered Rhine wine, when Duffy ssid that he
would not drink anything but champagne and
poking Mr. Berliner In the face, "if you
are too poor to pay for It I'll pay for It my
self." After some words Duffy picked up a'
glass and threw it at one of the bar keepers.
It missed Its mark, but struck a mirror at the
back, valued at $1700 and broke it. He was
then taken into custody. Ed Stevens and
others gave evidence for Ihe prosecution; for
the defense the accused admitted that he was
drunk, and did not knew what occurred. He
did not even .know who arrested him. The
Recorder fined Duffy $25.
Ilrldg. on Vtnrrl Slre.t.
An effort is being made by some of our
merchants aad citizens to raise a subscription
to build a temporary bridge across thi river at
the foot of Yturri street for the convenience
of the people visiting the Volksfest grounds.
Governor Butler Re-Nominated by the Massa
chusetts Democrats The Colored
Convention Endorse Arthur.
M.rnor ll.rry'a K.ir Clothe sIi.ath of
Colonel Knapp, ufSt. Louts Ch.ap
Sr. Louis, September 26. Colonel Knspp,
senior proprietor of the Republican, is dead.
l'lllLADELniiA, September 26. The grand
juiy this afternoon found a true bill of Indict
ment against Stephen S. Price, chsrging him
with embeizling $87.(00 as executor of the
estale of Thomas Rlchstdson, of New York.
St. Louit, September 20 A Wellsvllle,
Missouri, special says 1 Owen Utteinack, a
prominent farmer, has been shot and killed
on his farm just over Ihe Pike county line.
Footprints in a cornfield ncsr by were triced
to the home of Wesley Collins, between
whom and Utteiback were bitter feelings.
Collins was arrested.
New York, September 26.The Herald this
mornleg, without any flourish or editorial
comment, puts the woid j "Two cents" on lis
margin, Vlierc liitheito have been the words
"Three cents." The World announces that
on account of the press of advertising It will
hereafter print eicht columns more than the
Herald. I'he World claims that Its own
sample and success as a two cent piper has
compelled the drop In rates among Its con
temporaries. Santa Cm , California, September 26.
Immense fires are raging In the forests and
ranches above here, and have already done
terrible damage. A dispatch from Davenport
Landing states that the entire country It In
flames. Forty men from here went to aid in
the endeavor to stop the conflagration. The
Santa Cruz Water company have JO men
fighting the fire. The flames re within five
miles of this place, and the rapidity with
which they spread causes fears for the cily.
Washington, September 26. The follow
ing message has been received by President
Arthur in answer fo a congratulation upon the
opening of the Central and South American
Telegraph company t "The Emperor and
Empress of Brazil thank the President and
the Government of the United States, aad in
returning their salute concur with them in the
assurance that the new channel of direct com
munication, open between the two countries,
via Valparaiso and Galveston, will contribute
to the maintenance of happy relations exist
ing between them, and to their mutual
Louisville, September 26. This was
"Arkansas Day" at the great exposition.
Governor Berry and neatly 300 citizens of that
Stite being present. The ceremonies were
full of Interest. Forty-four hours before 3 this
afternoon, and 500 miles away, a bale of cot
ton was picked from the field and at once sent
ti this city, where It arrived yesterday at the
exposition. The cotton was cleaned, ginned,
carded, spun, colored, woven, cut into a suit
of clothing, made up, and this afternoon the
Miyor of Louisville presented the ssme to
Governor Berry, who, to-night, wore the suit
to the exnosltion. The Texas Press aiineli.
lion Is here, and to-morrow, with the Atkan- I
sas press, will be formally received. (
Louisville, September 2O. The only
point of Importance in the Colored conven
tion this morning was the resolution Intro- '
duced by W. G. Wilson, of Louisiana, en
dorsing the administration of Arthur. This
raised a great stir and much oratory, which
was only quieted when S. D. Heibert, of
Louisiana, moved to refer the motion to the
Committee on Resolutions, which was
adopted. The Colored convention Is given
over to buncombe. After a dozen attempts to
resolve as many sentiments, the following was
offered: "Whereas, the administration of
President Chester A. Arthur Is In harmony
with Ihe grand old Republican party; there
fore, be It resolved, That this National con
vention of colored men, assembled, give to Ihe
administration their heartiest support." This
caused the wildest uproar The South abd
West hissed, and only a few from the North
and East appeared in favor of ll. Personal
violence was offered in one Instance, and the
greatest confusion followed, but finally this
resolution went to the committee, but made a
great uproar : Resolved, That the colored
people of the United States, in convention
assembled, do affirm our devotion anew to the
Republican party, and will use our utmost en
deavors for its continued ascendency and con
trol of the National government, believing it
to be for the best Interests of the whole peo
ple." The convention refused to adopt the
resolution. Sending questions tp the Com
mittee on Resolutions saved the convention
from a split.
Springfield, Mass., September 26. At
n:S lonas It. French. Chairman of the State
committee, called the Democratic convention
to order, and Colonel Coreney, Secretary,
read tho call. While the call was being read
J. W. Candler rose and addressed the pre
siding officer, but was not recognized. He
remained standing until Colonel Coreney
finished. As Coreney ceased reading, N. A
Plymptoa, of Worcester, rose and addressed
the Chair. Candler insisted on his rights to
be heard, but Ihe President decided that
riymnton had the floor. This was greeted
with hisses In several parts ol the hall, and
for a second there was quite a commotion.
Plympton then moved that.the officers of the
State committee be a temporary organisation
of the convention. This was declared car
ried, but was doubted, and an uproar ensued
which was promptly checked by French, who
called upon the Rev. Mr. Simms to offer
prayer. At the conclusion of tht prayer
French addressed the convention. He spoke
at some length upon national aflaira, reviewed
the recent address of the Republican State
convention, referied to the administration of
Governor Butler in the highest terms, detail
ing the important events that have occurred
in the past )ear, and predicted a great victory
for the Democratic party throughout the
Country. Butler was nominated by acclama
tion. The committee appointed to nominate
the remainder of the State ticket reported as
follows: Lieutenant Governor, Frank O.
Prince; Secretary of State, Charles Markes;
Treasurer and Recorder, General C. H. In
galls; Attorney General, John W. Curnralngs;
Auditor, John Hopkins.
Friday, Sept. !iS.
iiivas nv tus
Ijidl.s are specially Invited. Admlaalon TI
cents; nailery CO cents.
No extra chars-, for resorved swats, wUoh
can bo obtaloed of km Hart, Main ptata. LMt
Tho Manatter of Casino ball takes pleasure In
announcing that ho boa secured, at great ex
pense, tho world renowned orator and divine.
Rev, Henry Ward Bccclier,
Who. will ilellror one lecture,
Tuesday, Oct. 2, 8 p. m.
Bubject 1 Tho ltelgn of tho Common Peoplo.
Diagram now open at !m Hart's etirar store.
Reserved scats St 60. :(a-K
Tlios, Gop & Broilers'
Have opened a branch ol their Galveston
house at 250 Commerce street, San Antonio,
and have the largest stock ol pianos, organs,
sheet music, strings and musical Instruments
of any house la the city. They are State
agents for the world icnowned Stetnwsy
and the favorite and popular Emerson pianos,
and sell the same, as well as all other goods
In their line, as cheap as any house North or
South, Thos. Coggtn k Bros, sell plsnos and
on such small monthly installments that every
family can afford to buy one. 9-25-301
As the Jail wedlher has already sit
in we desire to. call the attention of
our friends to the fact that we have
spared no pains to prepare for them,
and are now receiving, a large and
well selected stock of
Fall and. Winter
OUR FURNISHING GOODS
department contains a complete line of
shirts, while, red and fancy under
wear, hosiery, etc.
We also show as large and varied a
line of HATS and CAPS as can be
desired. We shall be glad to see you
whether you purchase or not.
Men's cloHier and outfitter, 353 and
354 Main street.
txVNOTE. Wo make a specialty ot Men's
Linen collars, and are soiling our best grado
for 12 cents, equal to Any In tho United
BOARD AND LODGING
At No. ill Presa street, near Main and Maiket
Streets. QOODTADLIi SPItEAD FOR AY
HOARDERS. Everything new, clean and
comfortable. Terms moderate. o-10-lm
The first day of autumn. Speailng of autumn
we are moved to Inquire. Autumn man ko
111 dressed, when he can get new, fashionable
and seooonablo goods at such low price as are
ruling at rsbcuta, Cormvon Si Castles. No. 217
Alamo plaxa. 9-t-tf