Newspaper Page Text
Thoto. Vlllago lllacksmlth clgar
ataudard and. bent 6c. clear In tlio
Btato-sold br.all first-class dealers.
8IM IIA11T, proprietor, wholesale
tobacconist, Mala plaza.
Village Blaclcsmith 5c. dears
I sold In ono week In Can Anto
nio alone, and challenge. IU equal In
tale, quality and satisfaction to
deatcra who liandlo tbla popular
brand, BIX HAHT, Main l'laza.
Vol. I. No. 176.
San Antonio, Texas, Tuesday, October 23, 1883.
Ten Cents a Week
San Antonio Light.
ED STEVES & SONS,
Yards at International and Oroat Northern Ilallroad Depot, and (Jatvcston, Harrlsburg and
Ban Antonio railroad track. Boat Commerce Street.
The best grades always on hand. Also Doors, Sash, Blinds,
Mouldings, Shingles, Fencing, Barbed Wire, Fence Posts,
Newels, Stair Rails and Ballusters. Our lumber is of the finest
quality and unexcelled. We would invite the public to exam
ine before purchasing elsewhere. Ed. Steves & Sons.
GREAT BARGAINS !
Estate of J-J GEfET Deccased-
Dry Ms, till, Boots, Shoes,
Glassware and Crockery Positively Sold 115 per cent.
Hclow Cost to Close Out Stock.
GEOO EEY DEPABTMENT !
Kept At full standnrd.'wlth freshest (roods constantly on hand. Host whlklcs und cognac
also, bot French, German and California wlnca In tho city, Ooods delivered anywhere In the
city. Whole grocery business offered for salo. A rare opportu nity f or an energetic and cntoi -prising
man. Tho splendid business stand, tho "Old Alamo," ulso offered for sale.
For sale Three-story hnuso. corner Main plaza and Market street; two-story resldcnco and
eight acres lrrlgablo ground, on Garden street, and various lots In the city. Apply to
JOSEPH B. DWTER, Executor.
lifts oponod up In bis new store, at ?8T Coinmcrco street,
with a most elegant lino of
. Watches, Diamonds, Fine Jewelry.
tV Makes a Specialty of ltcpalrlng Fine Watches. Call and seo him.
O. XX, nVEXJESXjlLjiESXt,
Dealer in Paints, Oils, Wall Paper, Window Glass,
Mirror Plates, Artists' Materials, Etc.
I'icturo Framing and Fine Sign Work a Specialty. 10-Mni
J. M. EMERSON,
No. IIS, Solcdad Street, Sau Antonio, Texas.
Watches, clocks, jewelry, guns, pistols, musical instru
ments, etc., sold at a small advance of cost. Bargains to
be had in forfeited pledges.
J. H. MARQUART,
BOOT & SHOE MANUFACTORY
No. 17 Soledad St., Opposite Court House,
Makes HOOTS AND SHOES TO ORDElt, on th trorteit notice and lest ityle.
Aha hit the only complete Boot and Shoe Maaofactory In San Ant onto. Keeps the largest, best and mot
varied stock of Leathers, employs more workmen, turns out more good t and elves better satisfaction
than any other estabUthment or the kind In the city
Only First Class Workmen Employed and Entire Satisfaction Guaranteed.
All work and neat Repairing d jne on short not:ce.Whonin need of anything In thiiHine, remember the
Crescent City Uoot and Shoe Manufactory. ;-a9-tf
''Tribonlan" Makes Some Comments Upon
the Suit of Prince Warner vs. the
City of San Antonio.
llfl Cite Uwt ami .ImlKtiietite Which Show
Thiit lh City la I.lahln for
Continued from yesterday.
Hut, when bolted nnd pitted to the meal, tho
oploton In Navasota vs. Pearce, 40 T.f 1W3, not
withstanding It bristles with erroneous views
of tho law touching tho liability or municipal
corporations, will bo found to mako iulto a
material concession nsrejrards tho liability of
municipal corporations, under certain condi
tions and clrcuiuBtaneeit. Judtro Mooro eajst
"And If mnnlc'pal corporation hid Inwstcd
by law with franchises and prhlktfes fiom
which thoy derive private advantages and
emolumenti. ns Is well known Is nTleii tho cueo
In I'nifland, wo havo no iucstIou If an Indi
vidual s nirera Injury from a breach of duty by
tho eorporotlou In roc pott to thoso special
franchises, that ho Id entitled to his net Ion."
This Is pound law. but It fulls to ifo fur
enough, und con us lamentably short of
rounded completeness of tho prlnclplo of tho
common law as to tho liability of municipal
corporations to damages for nonfeasance.
Now, tho corporation or Fan Antonio is dlt
fe rent la tod from ordinary municipalities. In
1751 It received from tbo King of Spain a grant
or cxldos or six leagues or land, which was
recognized by tho Congress of Texas In tho
act of Incorporation passed December 11, 1837,
nnd established by tho Supremo court In IajwIb
vs. Ban Antonio, 7 Texas, It still possesses
a portion of tho original grant of tho tlx
lcagucs-it owns tho Irrigation ditches and de
rives a rovenuo lrom them -it owns Bevcral
parks, and tho San Vedro Springs park, which
tt leases out for a valuable consideration.
Thoso franchises and privileges aro not common
to other towns and cities, but aro peculiar to
San Antonio, Victoria and a few other towns
started while, Spain bold tho sovereignty of tho
soil and oven according1 to tho rulo laid down In
tho City of NavaBOta vs. Pearce, W Texas, 53(1,
they aro suillc.eut to render tho corporation
liable for damages, for breach ot duty, at tho
suit of a party sustaining a peculiar Injury
from such breach of duty. Tho corporation of
tfan Antonio clearly comes within tneperlew
or tho exception made by Judgu Mooro In tho
rityof Navasota s. Pearce, 4 1) Touts, from
tho general rule as to the liability or munici
pal corporations for neglect of duty, nud Is,
thorerore, UabloJu damages, even under that
TbQcnsoof CItyof Navasota vs. Pearce, so
strongly rcllod u,Hn by tho demurrant to tho
petition of Prlneo Warner, as a bar to the suit
Instituted by him Kgatnst tho city ot Ban An
tonio, would bavo amply justltled Judgo
Turner In overruling tho demurrer and letting
the ease proceed to ttnal judgment:
Iho exception clearly made In
that caso to tho gencrnl rule has
been overlooked, and a rango und sweep bos,
In conseauence, been given to tho decision In
that case, which Is not borno out and J in tilled
by Its own language.
Municipal corporations, such as counties,
towns and cities In some respects do not occupy
as high a ground as private corporations, since
tho legislature has absoluto coutrol over them,
to create, modify ot destroy them at pleasure.
Tho people.vs. Wren, 4 Scam. (Ill) It., 2TJ; City
of St, Louis vs. Husscll, U Mo. 507; til on it vs.
State, 8 Ulack (Ind) it., 3U1.
Over prtvato corporations tho Legislature
baa no such unlimited power, llalley vs. Muor
ot Now Vork, a Hill, Kll; Stato or Ublo vs.
Library company, 11 Ohio, 00; Voting & Harri
son tl Ueorglat KB: Washington llrldgo com
pany vb. State, 18 Connecticut. G3; Dartmouth
College vs. Woodward, 4 Wheat on, KIT.
Municipal corporations aro political bodies
and aro auxiliaries or the government to
which certain powors aro entrusted; but they
do not partako or the sovereignty or tho State
and enjoy Immunity from suit. So far as legal
liability Is concerned, the, o is but llttlo dttlor
enco between public or municipal and private
corporations tor acts or nonleosancoand wls
roasanco whereby persons sustain an injury.
Bays Chlor Justice Marshall: "Tbo Planters'
bank or Georgia Is not tho Stato or Georgia,
although tho tilato holds an Interest In It. it Is
a sound prlnclplo ot taw that when a govern
ment becomes a partner In a trading company
It divests ttscll, so far as concerns tho adminis
tration or that company, of Us so ereigu char
acter, and takes that or a Drlvato citizen."
Hank of United States vs. Planters' Hank of
Georgia, 9 Wharton.
Tho earn o view was taken in Pennsylvania
In tbo caso or a turnpike company, in which tho
Stato held stock. Turnpike Co. vs. Wallace, 8
Watts, 310, und In Seymour vs. Turnplko Co., 10
unto. i.u, u was neiu inai aituougu a suite can
not bo sued, ret If It becomes Interested as a
stockholder In a corporation, such Interest will
not protect tho corporation agalnBt a suit and
all Its Incidents. In tho caso or tho Stato Hank
nf south Carolina vs. u bus. a Mtcord. . C. It.,
377, although tho State was tho solo owner or
capital and interest In the bank, the court said
that tho "bank was not tho Stato or South
Carolina, that tho Stato did not transfer any
uurtlon of Its sovereignty to that corporation.
and did not commuuleato to It any or Us
prlvllogcsor prerogatives, but placed it on tho
name footing ub other corporate bodies." "Tho
milk of the Stato of Alabama ' Is a mero url
vate corporation, notwithstanding tho Suite
owned Its entire stock, and is Invested with
none of tho Incidents of Boverotirnty, and U
therefore subject to the bar or tho statute of
limitations, tuaia., Mi.J
Theso decisions circctuully exnlodo tho pro-
tonne that tuwns. cities und counties, la lux
political corporations, und auxiliaries in the
Government, so far purtako or tho sovereignty
oi me ciaio as to uo exempi irom ami uney
trovern In a limited district, and under Des
cribed ti nil UUlons, aud have no right to Inter
fore with tho government of tho btato. All
ot tholr by-laws, which aro inconsistent with
the laws or tho State, aro null aud void. If
Stato banks, In which tho Stato was tho solo
owner, wore not exempt from a suit with all
Its Incidents, and were subject to tbo bar of
tho statute of limitations. It la ridiculous to
pretend that municipal corporations cannot be
sued or restrained by tho courts. They aro not
Imbued with a slnglo attribute or incident of
tho sovereignty inberant tu their creator
tho Stato. Wbcro municipal corporations own
houses, lands, etc.. thev qig reirurded in the
Hame light, and doalt with In tho tutuu man
ner aapnvaio uurporntions.
.iay vs. i.aswuuiu company, i urown i
of San Antonio owns land, irregatlou ditches
Sun Pedro sprlugs park, una several other
paras, irom sumo oi which tt ucnvea a consul
erablo revenuo annually.
mscii-ar irom me caso or itinouaiay vs.
ust India company, supra, as well as from tho
Rase or tho City of Navasota vs. Pearce, 4G
Tuxas, that, whatever may to tho general rule
or law concerning the liability or municipal
corporations for breach or duty, Sau Antonio
constitutes an exception to tho general run or
municipal cor ik) rations, and Is liable In dam
ages for breach of duty ut tho suit or tho party
sustaining any Injury, by reason or such breach
Thorobelngnostatutooftho State of Terns
pro or con upon tho subject, tho caso muBt
necessarily bo decided upon tbo prluclpels or
the common law, and we must seek these at
their fountain head, m the expositions of
the common law by tho courts or England. As
tho common law constitutes tho law or Kng
land to such an extent that Lord Chief Justice
Holt said that a law pa feed by Parliament
mado no new law, but meroly declared what
was tho common law on tho particular subject.
Its principles aro both more thoroughly studied
and better understood by English lawyers and
Judges than they possibly can bo by tbo law
yers and Judges of tho United States. Tho
common luw is the spring head or tho entire
collective body of Lnglluli law; It perroeutes
and tinctures every statute; It la tho msgixlno
rncneecterr precedent is urawn ana every
rlnelplo Is deduced.
With A VPrvelttrht r-l.rtn.ro n mtf .nnlr In
tho prevalence of tho common law In Lnutand
what llii Pontvau said or It lu tho United
Slates i Tho Kngltsh live In tho mldstof tho
aw; i ii or inimio it at uverr breath, Imblbu It at
every pore; thoy meet It when they lay down
to sleep, and when they wake; when they
travel and when they stay nt home: nnd It Is
Interwoven with every Idiom that they speak.
rlthout leninlmr nt tho uirli timn annthnr
xsormun it be forgotten that r.ngllsn Inw-
nion law, step by step, back tolls source and
of observing Its gradual dot clnpmcnt aa well
as themodttlcatlons It has undergone from ono
generation to another, Tho tear Hooka, a
rich mine of common law, In Its crude state,
Glauvllle, Ilracton, I'lola Plowden, Bhetcrd's
Touchstone, tho Hector and Student, lirooko
Seldcn, tho records of nil tho eases decided In
tho courts, the acts of Parliament, tho appeals
decided by tho llouso or Peer, thnreorts or
inwicrn anu juugcr, i,iuicTon, uoae. eto., aro
both uioro acwMlhto to aud tnoro coDsulted
tiy tho lawjers aud Judges or Knglnud than
thnv are hv Amerlrun l.iwvcr- iin.l In.lu-.-.
Super-addetl to theso suierlor facltlties nnd ad
vantages ror mastering tho principle or tho
common law, which aro enjojed by Hngllsh
law) era. are tho known caution und careful
new ot tho Kngllsh courts in examining every
legal question to Ita yvty foundation, tracing
xnosltlons to tho iroatmL ilrfirfnrr ntut
weight. Thelroxposltlon Is tho testimony of
ltwoum bo superfluous to any anything ns
extierletico or lUron Parke, fill judicial
opinions uttest theso moro eIoiucutfy thun
could bo done by my fccblo nen.
naron i-arao was nigoiy praised by Chan
cellor Kent In his commentaries, spoken or as
"Learned Judgo both In Angel and Ames on
Corporations, nnd In Hrown's Maxims, nnd ho
deserved to bavo applied to him what tho
lounger Pliny said of Titus Arlstornn, accom
plished lawyer and his particular rrlend. Nihil
estnuod discero villa, quod Illo dooero mm
Prlneo Warner vs. San Antonio under tho
Constitution and Statutes or tho United States,
and having thus acquired Jurisdiction and
thcro being no statute or Texas upon tho sub
ject of tho liability of tho municipal corpora
tion to answer lu damages, tho court might,
with entire propriety, bavo proceeded to try
and dispose of tho suit upon tho rules and
irnicjpiea i iuo common law io prevail a
allure ot Justice.
With tho coucUenrRanf Tfloltue IUmn Purlin
thustuld down tho law In tho caso or Lymo
lteris, when It was before tho 1 1 on no of Lordr,
upon appeal, "It Is clear aud undoubted law
iiiaiwuenovcmu innietmcni win no lor non
repair, an action on tho cueo will lie nt tho suit
or a party sustaining any eculiar
damage." This trrso and positive
exposition of tho rulo at common law was not
questioned at tho tlmo. nor has It boon d Is
scmcti irom, or uisavowcd subsequently by
tho r.ngllsh bench or bar. It Is Btraply incredf
bio that a "learned Judge" would stato a thing
as being "clear and undoubted law" when tho
fact was that tho law was directly opposite,
and It Is moro Incredible that ho should not bo
contradicted and set right by tho ablo lawyers
and Judges who heard tho statement. If
Prince Warner vs. Ban Antonio must go on
upon the principles ot tho common law, as I
Insist it must, then the exposition or tho com
mon law rulo by Huron Parke lsdecHlvoor
States, and Sun Antonio Is likely to lmvo to
foot the bill for a rouod sum for costs and
Driving Looso Stock,
Ofllccr 1 lodgers saw a bunch of horses coin
ing down North Concho street last Thursday.
Ho waited tlllthcy camo ud, when bo a Treated
Mr Hunsaker, who was driving and owned
them. That gentleman this morning pleaded
Ignnraiicoof tbo laws and said, on being told
bythoollloer ho drove tho stock out of limits,
ho did not wilfully violate tho law. A tine of
$10 was Imposed, but the Mayor will bo recom
mended tu remit It.
Don't Publish Them.
A gentleman this morning Interviewed two
reporters or the twa evening papers la tho
French building. Ho requested tho nowepaper
men to leavoout two building permits which
ho hud Just taken out. Tho former compiled
with tho ircutleumu's wish, but a little later
learned that tho said gentleman had Just failed
lu business. On turning over tho permit book
Judge Noonan's Scheme.
Judgo Noonan suggests that Sau Antonio
should build nn aqueduct from New Itraunfels
and bring tho beautiful waters or tho Comal
rorthousoor tho citizens. This Idea may at
tho llrst sight appear to bo Utopian, but If tbo
waters aro kept pure and undo tiled as now,
and the money can bo rulsod, n liberal supply
of water could bo secured. Liverpool Is ar
ranging to draw her supply of water from the
mountains ot Wales by an aqueduct 170 miles
luiurui, mo t-ustoi u minion ami a nan uonars,
aud surely ban Antonio can bear a proportion
A l'reo Mutlno
Takes placo every day and night In tho neigh-
borhood of Military plaza, between a man and
woman. Tho spectators aro about adozen cow
bops and chill con car no venders. Tho pair
call each other pet names, nnd tbo woman,
armed with aplstol with no cartridges, and tho
man with au old carving knlTe, threaten to
demolish each other. Tho womau faints, tho
man becomes penitent aud begs pardon. A
doctor is sent for, nnd he pronounces tho
woman as heart sick, und tho mun softening
of tho brain. Tho doctor enllcnta hln fm. nnt
the curtain falls until 4 p. m., next day. Ihe
policeman on the beat has becomo kinder Used
to mo zun, ana uocsn t uotucr tiiom,
Tbo Waco Examiner gives an Interesting uc-
count of an exhibition given by tho above
namod society, at tho Waco Voraalo college, on
Friday last, of which society Miss Hattlo King
Is President, Mlis Pannlo II. Johnson, of Sun
Antonio, is Vlco-Presldent. itnd MUn J mm in
Walker Is Secretary. Tho musical iortlou or
tho program mo consisted or a duet, "On to tbo
nemui uiory, uy musses vox and Mackey,
and vras very much admlrntl. n wn titan n tHn
"Await, tho Daylight Sweetly Falls," by .Mlscs
Shupard, Johnson and Mac key. Sweet Vio
lets." a solo. bV MISH !''!! n In .Tnlm.nn Tifru
ltounsavul accompanying, was superb, und be
ing complimented with an eneorc. eonntlturoil
a fitting climax ror tho conclusion of one of
iue most nicasani cntortainments it has ever,
mm h mi iii uu, uvvh our goon lununoioai
A party went pecan plcklnjr ou Saturday
nlKbt to tho Sulado, expoctinir to pick about
lour or Ovo biisbcls of pecans. Tboy wcro all
In high spirits on tbo road. In anticipation of
tho quantity of iwcans thoy wero irolnjr to
irather. Thoy camped thcro durlnir tbo night
and when they awoke on tiunday mornlntr
thoy cemmenccd to select their trees thoy were
Kolnir to thrash. 'They started out and tho
llrst tree thoy camo to they found a notice
reading, "I'ersous cauijbt In thrashing and
xatberlng- pecans on these premises will bo
lined aouordinir to law." This uttorly damp,
ened their splrlu, but thoy moved on further,
pxpectluir to Und iomo trees that did not be
lonirto unybody, but the same notlco met
tholr g-azo. They then returned homo with
crest fallen looks anil vowed not to no pocau
Utter from Mr. A. W. Gifford, With
Some Views Touching the
In IlipUln. I he Orlsln of Hie Nilluerm.i
Troulile. .nil due. for til. News
lMltor Fan Antonio Unlit i
MONTtiicr, Meilco, OelolK'r la.-On my
recent trip tbrough' tho .Middle and Hutcrn
States 1 encountered occasionally very bitter
articles nmilnst Meilco, tho outitrowth frum
tho killing accident at llustamanto and tho
pliinderlnireif thoAincrlcon Consul's oIBoo In
thlsclty. To ono who lias lived and traveled
through the ltcpubllc, cnlojlnit tho irenorous
bopltallly of tbo iroo.1 Metleaii peorle. such
articles ap'ur cry rMieiilous, as thoy aro a
slander against this country and Its .eoplo
8uih articles orlglnato with tho sensational
irri'fpouilcnts on our frontier when news
Items wcro few ami far between, and when It
is necessary to supply dally ".iwclala" or
imunlcallons" to wcuro their desired
monthly Installment of lllthy lucre. Itohaatn
inakd n mountain out of a inolo hill and
heavily on bis Imagination. Ito does not
stop to consider tbo effect or final result, and
i leas, for bis day's work is dono nud bis
money earned when bo malls or wires
tho news to tho paper bo rrprcscnts. When
this character of matter retches tho Kaitorn
and Northern Stated, coining; as It does from
personal representation on tbo frontier, It Is
taken for gospel truth, and tho big brained
editor who knows moro about Moilco than a
nation, although bo has not been a mils from
bis sanctum In S3 years, proceeds to write u
column editorial abusing Mexico, Its people,
customs, etc., and extending his sympathy to
every American and bidding good-byo to
ovcry dollar Invested In tho country.
All such articles find their way back to Mex
ico, falling Into tho hands of tho Moxlrau
editor, who Is a patriot, loving bis country,
no less than an American loves his natlvo land.
Willi this fact before us, wo can't blamo tho
Mexican editor for taklnir tt.n f!ir,naU-,v h.n
his country and people bavo been inlirepre
sonted and vltllanously slandered. Americans
apparently forget that Mexico was a civilized
country with Its established customs ku vcars
now with Its '7 States, towns and cities, l.ullt
and completed and populate! with 10,UU),UM of
people, Imvo iloeldcil tbat thoy wauled mora
rapid traasportutlon, and to securo It granted
liberal concessions for tho building and opcrat
Ing of rullwnjs under their laws and customs.
in u uuiiig imvo mcy noi snown tnclr
rniorcncoior American enterprise andcnpl
An American has no morn rhrbt tn mmn Intn
Mexico njd grumble and kick against their
laws and customs than a Moxlcan, Italian,
Frenchman or German has to enter tho United
Htatea and object to doing buslnesn under our
jaws ana customs, now mucn progress would
ho make? llo would bo put down as a con
sumato ass. "When In Homo, do as Itomans
do." If tho Incoming American want, to sue
ctcdlnMoxIco ho must adapt himself to tho
country and lis customs, and If bo desires to
ctiango tholr modo of business ho must do It by
slow education argument, reason and prac
tical Illustrations. Then, nnd not till then, will
ho Und tho Mexican an apt scholar.
Jilts. I'ANNIE II. WHIP,
a lady well known by her pen In the beet lit
erary circles or mo i juu nas nit tno nail on tho
head In ono of her lettera from till rliv na .inn
of tho principal causes of our many llttlo nn.
noyanccs. She says: "Tho Moxlcans havo
other reasons than their pride for oxtrcmo ro
aervo toward foreigners, and especially 1 re-
Kiui. iu uuu vu'Turu Ainencuiia. I liavo Had
occasion many times to blush for my country,
or rather for tbo conduct or some of her rei
rescntatlves hero. Perhaps It is the caso with
all lands that tho men and women who drift
over tho border aro In many Inatancosthoscum
of socloty, tho failures, cranks and disappointed
"uv vu8" wuuHouevuai mis.iee.is navo
exiled them for their country'! good. Mexicans
aro by nature extremely hospitable but again
and again has their gcnerosltyboen abused, their
trust betrayed by foreigners whom they huvo
taken Into their homes, until thoy bavo been
forced to tho wlso determination to admit
nono unless vouched for beyond question.
Naturally, this feeling has grown to unduo
proportion', nnd as In tho lllblo plan
'In Adam's fall
Wo sinned all.'
Tho innocent aro obliged to Buffer for Iho sins
All this Is true, as far as It goes, but doubt
leu a llttlo later on in her cxrlcnco with i
Onrtlon Of thO SO-called "Aniflrlnnn olomnnl1
of galtllloand Monterey, tbls lady learned that
there aro greater perils to bo encountered than
tho shadow left by tho actual misdeeds of tho
ThO greatest trouble In VnrMirn Xtnrlm.
that Which Is working tnnt hnrm tn Imalnoa.
nnd social Interests, both Moiium nnd Amerl-
cnn-is mo K.uy spues aim low, sneaking,
stinking Jealousies of a tow greedy Americans,
which I am ushamod to udmlt, who war
upon aud vat each other llko so
many Arabs. I say "Americana" be
cause that country had tho mlsfortuno
to bo tbo land of their nativity, but they were
uurii ivii.iu.lv .miicrieiui neans anil principle,
or chivalry toward woman and protection of
the weak, than bo many cayotca. our truo
American is not a ghoul to Drov uonn hnmnn
beings; and I enter my protest against tho
good Mexican citizen, Judging ray countryman
from tho standard of tho less than half a
dozen gossiping fiends with whom theso fron
tier cities are CUrBOd. Who am U nlatrmnn tn
any nationality, and ought to bo put out of a
civiiueii cuuuiry. jneru is only ono tuing
uvumc iu.. a,..oo,iUH HU.I.UD, UOU Iliat 18 t
gOS8il)lng luun. because Of his irrentpr knnwl.
edge of evil, and therefore more likelihood to
Invent a plausible story. In fact, ho la worso
than an cnt re bevy of female gossips, assisted
by tho dovll hlmseir. U.ncrally n woman'a
gossip Is not deliberately malicious, but Is
simply the spontaneous etfort of empty minds
tooccupythomselves. Hut there Is mctbodln
thocussednesaof theso main KllaaKannin. nr
whom 1 speak. In tholrgreed to gain all them
selves, bv fair means nrfnnLwhinh ,
bly bo gotton put of Mexico, they aro anxious
to tight ovoryUody else away, particularly tho
power of tho press, bceauso tho moro Mexico
Is shown to tbo world tbo inoro is Immigration
encouraged and their own chances of monopoly
diminished. ' '
Slander, llko death, "loves a shining mark."
Neither ago, nor sex, uor dignity, nor vlrtuo
a safe from lu venom. Ono traducer let looso
in tho community and allowed to contlnuo
his wild careor unchecked Is mora dangerous
than tbo fox of tho foblo with his liro brand
tied to his tall. on may catch blm In tlmo.
but tbo mischief he lias wrought will bo wldo
spread and Irrevocable.
For thobost Interests of the community It la
time tbat an example wasroadoandtho prece
dent set up bore on the border which baa been
bo firmly established in tho liist, in regard to
libel. According to recent celebrated decisions
In hugland. .Now Vork and clsowbcro it has
not necessarily Blander and that the damago
which most calls for rodrf bs at the bands of tho
law, may poMlbly hayo alhroad of truth run
ning through IU Tbe law says: '"Iho greater tho
truth the greater the libel.'' uuariuo
A beautiful case has been presented to our
fair friend, wbo would doubtless niako more
money to abandon her newspaper work and
Pitch Into tbo law. Tho war rath may not
present tbo same allurement at tho pursuit of
literature, but In this caso there la moro money
In somo firture letter I will single out theso
gosslpors, with a, pen picture of tholr true
character, eo that good people, both Moxlcan
and American, caiilio on their guard.
CASINO OPERA HALL.
Two XlKhts Only, Tiic.iilny,
AVciliii'.Kiity, Oct. Hit, i!-t.
Induce Wednesday ilflornoon.
Tbo greatest living Irsgodlenne, tbo hand
somest actress on tho stago, tho most magnlll
rent dresneil lady now appearing before the
wiiiiiTii'tui puunc, win siop ai an Antonio on
hertr Ulllphsl tour lhrm.?l. Ihn Hni.lh. and
ruvor our clllzens with ono nt hor world re
nowned rendltlonsor tbo historical drama,
Leah, Tho Forsaken,
As played by her over Irtil nights In all tho
lirlnelidl elllea of I tin world. Mlaa Knntt niml.
with n perfect ovation whercer sho npiH-ara.
Seats should bo secured at Blin Hart's cigar
store. lo-io td
CI.OTIII.N0 SHOULD niJAll IN MIND THAT
wn cAitnr a lauoh and new stock
OF MIIN'8 AND VOUTHS' ClflTIIINO AND
THAT OUll I'ItICi:3 Alti: SUCH A8 WILL
CONVINCi: YOU THAT THUV AUH WW.
WI! SKI.L SUITS AT
S4.50, S6, J7.50, S8, $10
and upward!. Wo also show a coniplcto lino
of Shirts and Underwear, Hosiery, Tics, eta,
and oiler somo Special Ilargalna which must
be examined to bo appreciated.
In all shape, styles and qualities and at prices
to suit you. Wo Invite an Inspection oftmr
stock, whether you purchaso or not.
Men's clothier und outfitter, 232 and Zil
Main street, San Antonio.
VtT Host Linen Collars, 12)4 cents. Good
Undershirt, 25 cents.
Tlios. Goggan & Brothers
Have opened a branch of their Galveston
house at 250 Commerce street, San Antonio,
and have the largest stock ol pianos, organs,
sheet music, strings and musical Instruments
of any houie In the city. They are State
agents for the world renowned Stelnway
and Ihe lavorite and popular Emerson pianos,
and sell the tame, as well as all other goods
in their line, as cheap as any house North or
South. Thos. Coggan & Bros, tell pianos and
on such small monthly Installments that every
family can afford to buy one. 9-25-301
JACKSON'S DETECTIVE AGENCY "
Ami Nlglit Watch, Headquarters Sau An
Onice rooms No. Hand 12, Dovluo building,
No 21 and 20 Solcdad street. Iam now prepared
to tako chargo of and handlo all lcgltlmato
dotectlvo buBlness In all Us branches, and re
spectfully tender services In all casus requiring
careful and skillful Investigation. Also watch
men furnlsbod for banks, stores, railroads,
cotton compresses, pilvoto houses, etc. All
business and private matter will receive prompt
attention and bo treated strictly confidential.
Collections mado in all parts of tbo Stato and
United States. Draco telephone 311, resldcnco
tclcphono315. Captain William Jackson.
lU-ltf Proprietor and Manager.
i:strayed Horse Taken Up.
Light-brown horse, about 10 hands high,
branded D I) on right shoulder, Tbo owner
can got aamo by paying cbargos.
Alameda Uoardlng House, Travis street, No. 11.
It Is Worth
Your whllo when you aro In ncod of anything
In tho furniture lino to first call on Mr. I.
WoIIbou, corner of Main plaza and Acequln
Btrcet. and look through tbo elegant stock 011
exhibition In bis now Btoro building. In
quality and prices Mr. Wolfson defies compe
tition, and Is confident ir you will only call
aud boo for yourself, thut you will to no
tarther, but will give blm your order. lff-IS-tf
Auction and Commission.
Tbo understood have associated themselves
together for tbo purpose ot doing a general
auction and commission business, and solicit
from tbo patronage of tho public. Will Bell at
tbelrstoro on Soledad Btreot, Just north of the
street car turn table, all furniture and goods of
every description, which may bo ottered. Sales
or real estate and lire stock a specialty. Salea
of stock everyday at 10 o'clock. Ouootour
firm. Colonel Culherann. in nn nntlr.n.Ar
whoso sales will speak for themselves. In-