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title: 'Western union. (City of Hannibal, Mo.) 1850-1851, December 26, 1850, Image 2',
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m information on this euhjeut Inrilly inn
amids lit limilt of this Corporation, but lu go
farther fur prectioal illustration of tdt inter
iusulBoienoy of the system, would ha altogether
unnecessary. Thar ere in (hit city about 700
persona between the ngea of live and twenty:
out uf ih it mi nbdr perhaps 2U0 ,t an.l sound.
The" annual ini'.iiiil drawn hy each o ml.r from
lha puhliu funds, ranges at from f'rly cents to
tmdoUnrt- Yea, air, put it up to Ilia highest
sum, and jo I have one dollar par ytar fur edu
cating tha homeless, Indigent, orphan boy thai
oiA your striate, provided for and regarded
by nona. One dollar par year to in in hit
hatrt tha eead of wiedom and virtue! and to en
rich his mind witii llx.ae simple principles of
moral conduct, which will snao.? him to shun
- Sir you complain much because tha indua
trioua emigrant of Ilia North pataea yntir fer
lil soil by unheeded, end settles in the region;
.i.i..i. i.i.it . . I i .! ts
m U m unv , nip Pl.i.rs llinr.il III lllfl
Missouri river era a mera streak of Iihiaii
here, an I a p .t.ili of bl ok there. Tlmt p ...r
h it reapentebiu an I energelio cla-s of people
mnatapt fininnte. ,t ,a, ,. ... Ll
prejudice I ug.in.t IIih alava n o iinpt-'itiuu
wi'.h lliem fur tha inomiia nf their dully toil.
ll.il tire grea and tr;in.oend ir.t une.tinn
Miem when leaving their hnm.-s in their l.iih-
rlanl." i. ici our con ehtldrtn be tducnM
tfltrtt Dit ie lawa ot tlmt .late ir.ake jirm
inn fur the expenditure ut anch auina of money
will when it'iit-sil to their own imlu-try, na
dir tn them a good Ktigluli e lncitinn? Unlraa
the.a qitiuna can ha anawdrod in tha alltr
' mitive, they will never aeltle, in your atute,
no, air, never, wwr A f'w woriU mora on
what we nndur tind by .Yulionul Inttlli fence
will niiiioln !e our promt. e.
The naii'in i oompnied of enrnmunitioa, and',
eonvnuniliti of individustl; if then thu pulse
of the individual po.c a liejlthy action all
tvill be well. Hut in what iloea education eon
iill I answer in the pmprr diri'otion and
full ejcpaniin of man'a inlidlvntiiul powers, in
complete harmony wiih thu aiiscaplihilitica of
hia mornl tmtnro. All true Koowivuge eievuie.,
n!arirea. and relinca mir ciincrntiulia. II ililinif
HI rcilim" UU. jHHHin. '...
ilh I he world "f Time, we form ho-'
. with the mnsler apirita ..f the Past i
con rr wilr
quaintaiicea wltti me mtisier pirna m .ua i m i
i - uirn wiuiia anu uarran piuer.ta oi t is-nut muic tuuii nun men time eiii'iuyuu,
ruin an I ltnie.,.ti. Amly-u vmild fondly for wmit of .lock. It is now well nscer
peeoiinl for this on the groiiiul tli.,t Missouri is . , , ... , ,, e
-.i. e .. .i ii .i. -i ... .i. .t .1.. 1 1 nined Hint the number will lull full one
heilna. Fi -nthi!... I.ti4 f iUM' .ins of virlne 'VorM llr"i,h . '' r,lackim,d' i Ldm
and kiiuwleilge perennial sire mis will forever enrgA Mignziw, wliieli lil be luund in aini li
Bjw, whe wiilening liiiwiioea win on leu tr onluim;.
dowr. to the rem-itest agea. Tl.ey have a won j Ti () ,riodiru, f,n .,,, w j110, Aineri
derfiil tendeticv to tiiirify and relce tho novo ; '
oeriiu leiiiirnt. it. i , , inaa.iailira calilinlt h r tilt V lioU topic,
tiona, and awaken ir. uiun Hint enrrsy which. 6 ' ' '
ar.u.e, in him ainl-a!irrii..i tlimighta, Ihat relating more atriu'.iy to the Uir, piditic.il,
break over him like an eoho fro:nth fir depiha reliioiia, auielitifl!', uiol llteritry , oft le cuiitiiic-nl
of eternity. What 011115 man cm u-hZ' up. n 0f K irope. Tin y are condue'vd by Hie lu-t
tha character of Wal.iMKlt.ii. ilh.n.t fueling (j, (;relt lir.tuii.j ni ure inuaed with
that it bel mja t i a regl 111 hiJi ahove the 01111
... e ,, 11 1 ...... 'lha moat luiporlaiit uiiealimia whltdi inlrre-t or
lain agititio" i f the worM, an l nt t!i aaine, 1 T
tine wis ii.i.' t a-ca-i I the .auie ; nr.. iininene. ? ( "gf'il" ll" fltiliz.d world. VMioeter nub
Tlie philo-opliy nf i'.i. kies ii'i 1 lied in tha urilt't lo lliem nil, liny rend lha .iblosl repre
mind m l lr iiiurili ! I 1'r nn til - l'e of Soet itea. ,ei4,t., ,.fi,e principal parlies into which
III il fr-'at liU.oier ni air'U n t -inn "it i.-'iit
our brei.ta all In, iwrrnAT n il aelh.'i affiii
linni; anil tmh'ii's our f iciihi". it ill. all that IS
lilierd, an I fifty, md l.ir" in U in:.n clu-raoler.
Sii ih plul.i..;i'iv r 11 ete I fr nn i'ie tnnehiiig in
lelli-ot "t'ns . u.'i! I'l .'w inv u u be ileuomi
n'.itMii file np..i.r irii.lre.s ,i ..kiu'irlul
He o Hitmi'li"! lint " in it-uiTiiii uiiiii con-
aiale'l in hoMin deep cDininiiiil n with the ta
and tint et erv eduestod mtii ia iiliin.ttely
acquainted will, the nhaol.ite to agnlhon, the
aell'eviitenciciff light of truth itself.
You will parcsive, air. Ill it wa cinnol tor a
moment etipposs that any vicious or profane
person, no m itter how high hit mtolleotiial au
ij'iireinetits m .y be, ia well ediioalcd. Man's
moral nutureis his trim glory and l.1i; hence
ila oultiviition and full development will form a
oompone.it part in every ayalam worthy uf en
lightened putroingo. And I cire net wli. tli r
you look upon this sulijnot in n nntion.il or in
dividual sense; whether you reg ird lhe pres. nt
or future the immadule or remote c ...seipiuncra
nf y 111 r aotion-J the rewarJa in hand or those
in anlleipilion; thuse nro iirginnniils, clear 11 11
meroiis, convincing ainl overwhelming in proof i"'-""" ' kwjotl 1 hdiubutgh Magn
ui inving a anveraign reg inl lo tho full rxtuti i'i.e, la luaa exclusive in its cliurai ti r ll.aii the
aion of our moral ficiilties in every aUtt nnd 'works ulready tiuticvd: its contents may be
alaga of education from the inf .nl achool t M,a 1 01in,ilkrea utl(kr geni.rtt ,,,,, c!nic.u
University Its'lf- Believe mo, sir, that a mm J . ( . ... . . .
e iltivated and refined, a hearl rich in i-a o.vn '""' Mograyhy, iisralivea, historical and
amiability, and a 11 tine unstained r treasures, i fictitious, poetry, critical analysis id new works
thai will reo nnuien I their possessor to tho at- Sto., Slu. The fact uf this distinguished M.g
tnnlion oi tha ts;i nnd good upic; earth, niid ,nzlllu hoviii, foi a series nf year', maintained
introduce him into the aooi.-ty "I tha , sngola in I n ojrcllU,il)n i(1 Urej, jj,,,;,,, of ,boul 40.
heaven. But while we would cultivate hia. . .
mural n.tnre, w. would by no means neglect ; tt'O onpiea a prodio.ou. and unetjualled circu
hia mental faculliea. Religion! Liberty Free lation for that country, where the pnoe is 7.
dnrn! Right S (J.ivernmmit ! Il iiipinoss ! Social 50 a year, will alone aetlle the tpiestion of ita
Ordar, all aland upon tint broad baii of itiltd- pr t,,niniM,t merits. It ia at this limo umiau.
lui tnal acpiiremenis. Should not your '' -1 , altr,.utiv from thu arrial works f Bultver
aician know aomellung more than calomel ami '
rlmharbP Your lawyer bo able to look beyond ; d other di.lingiii.lied wrilcra, which grace Us
the alatnta book? An I your mini-let nol In bei page as original enntribu: ions, appearing lirat
forever idolisi'ig hia own doctrinal nnd cardinal 1 j ins Mag izine, both in the Uriliahnnd Auier-
p ii't' to the whoh'aale conjeinuutmn ol nil
an i oipcr ions duty devolving
a . 1'iTisiiiL 11 rs iuii. -ii't
i.l.ftl l.. - I 1. 1.. .. h,t. nr.n-
uu- .nil o: iriuuu ,'.r'o;iniii, .......
lie imligmii as vu . ms iiji iiuiii
....h . nf us in oiir individual apherea of
action can d . uiiltih for the l.irlhorenoe and or,,
m .ii.,n ,,r this isreal end. When aooii.ly thus
comas ua to the ooint. at which a rational and
ll.eful system of univeraal inatruction will be
a.t.arsnlual1itil It V Si ft In SS irrii.it naliouul inovemeiil;
.rac'erid by aom- great national movement ,
- . - ,l I.. . u .... .1.1 ...
in ita behalf, then nn ono win u
growing up under lhe dark ahadus ol ignorance, j
Tlisnfaiitlicism and bio'ry now almost pre
tlomi-ianl in soma sections al our oen.veu c .
try, will expire amidst lhe ruins of their lonely
and daaertad citadel. Then the Constitution ol
lhaUaila lS'ataa, an instrn.aaiit lounded upon
m M eq'iitahlo piinciplea nf human 7 ivenuuent
thin any others tint hue ever appeared among
m n, will And its strung hld in the arrtc
tl s or Till rt M. Then any indit i lual
hardy eiinilgli to roo .mmend a forrdilt rttUlnnet
tn any law of tha land, wheiher it be in lhe
ahapa of a Fugitive KWve bill, or in the adjust
ment of terrilnri il difTlcuUie., will receive the
.ti..l ...or .lion of an insulted people. Our
ill il..,, ..i,tin.ie lo adtanca in her
onward courao, sending the U.mm f o'viH
. .: i a si,, -....i ,i;,iui oliines nf earth; ilium
Willi ,M .,- - .. , .
naling the benighted regions of our world wi'h
.1.. j..nn i...mi of ailuoation and christian-
me tinasii.i'si " . , -
ity; and avtr remaining a striking proof of those
three great, anlencim
-M-a wttSaamUltM tfUlsH,
atflaaS as 1 issiinsBal n V tlisjs iiiiiiisiii)IIL.i a ui i is, iu i s- v
nt now 'more flty rfviffi m m wivr
' Win - AVM XII T AN
EDUCTED PKOPLK Auu LWAY0
TREE AND HAPPY M
Ei.rruii and ruui.tmina
HANNIBAL, THUHMMY, DKCKMBKIt W, 1H.W.
Ajntt for tha Waatari Union.
Win. iV I'eiu, and W. Ii. Ttt) man, ul I'ai.., Mo.
K. II. Hucli.itian ami luliu A.liuoiles, ol flotilla.
Thomas P.. Thompson, ot Palmyra.
VVm.O. Young, oi ie London.
J. L. t'suieitniry, ol Mexico.
Mr. Blakey, of Clinton.
reonje Bourne, of Barry, III.
The above named gentlemen am authorized to five
reeeipta lor money doe the Western Union " Ottice.
Postmasters are requested to allow us to adit them
to !!e lit.
The receipts of Ilog ore quit limited,
and tho different slaughtering l.oii are
..... l I.. 11 .1...:.. I I
'third -holt of l int year's ctittin-'. The
uumt.e r cut up to thi liuivl"'i nut exceed
, . , . .
V """'iml ' ",,J " lu l,,,,re
( '1'i ,nn e of lint! WC.illier like t' c present,
' will wind up the liusiness. The prices nic
tlirce dollaM to three twenty-five cent.
,. . . , .
r,,e ,l,rk, 1 ,s b,i n,JllVl' w," Jur-
Ue'lly an upward tendency.
The Methodist L'.pist'npnl Church in Han
liilml, will be dedicatr d to the worship oi
Almighty (iod, on Wednedny, the 25th
ol lU'Ci inticr. Kev. Ir. Akers is expected
to prench on the occasion. Service to com-
inenco ni 11 o'clock, A. Citizen en-
dally lire luvileu to attend
Republications -British Reviows and
Wa take capeoiiil pleasure in cllitg utlentioti
to tho l'rixiucUls id Liunabd Scott & Co.
... ... j' ' ... " WW..
for the Republication of the Edinburgh licvitu,
f(J(f fr. Rtriaf i; 3,14,r ,rifU.,
lhe people nl (.real Hulalll are dititiiil
The Edinburgh lltvitu) ia thu exponent of the
iugprly 111 t.re.it llriliau having from tie
coiiiinei.eciueiil adtoualed Freedom and I lie
rights . f lha ji-,.ple. 7'Af I.i farTGuArlirla fit'
rri.neu ny ne lory pjriy, lut.m,
leracl llitt lulliu iice which Itspowerlul rival rx
erlud nguina iheir measures. 77ie II t jf oiinjti
itvitu) wu, .(..ulj.ij ,lder ,le ,,Hirom,ee
and support of the ultra-liberala, an at) led, of
tha British House of Commona. In many par
titulars, lha Weslinutster Review espouses a
political faith closely allied to thai of our own
oi.uutry. 7Vir JVorth liritith Review, ia a work
of more recent origin than those already desri
bed but it, Ueverlhelesa, destined lo occupy
aa prominent a place in the Republic nl Let
tera. Dr. t'linhiiera was the. founder mid priu
inpal Llllor nf tills Heviuw. bl.ct slncr hia tle..tn
it his been ably cutiducted hv uis son-in-law.
juan lidilioiis. Hy an nrruiigement with lha Uril-
jlsh Puhlishera, eaily alieets of Ilia Magazine are
; reuularlv forwarded to this oountrv su as lo ena-
i.i .1... a i.i:i... i...i ...
before the original -til it ion urirvea. Nolw ithstand
lii they are thus sum to be in diss market be
fore imy uf its cniitciits can lie published in
olh-r forms, still c la- populurily of these serial
Works ia an ureal that act end (if the leading
P.'m..er. ,,,... couniry are come,,, i.aue
,ifltu lu iirmls i,l lliitin n.mlMil Irum Inn verirnil
f Ilaukwod ufter il has already been placed
ia lhe hands tf its numerous subscribers. "The
Caxtona," and "My New Novel," by llulwer;
"My Puiiiwular Medal," ''Tho Crcen Hand,"
and other aerials uf a similar at. inp are ainut.g
the works alluded to. Their great popularity in
this country will show, in this feature alone,
the attractions id IDuukwoods Magzme, and
it is w ell to remember, it'. Ibi connection, that
TwcsTvrivc -rsTS will purrhsse a uiontl ly
We auggest lhe beginning of the new year as
tuitable lime lo cuiiioitlito aubacripliona for
these valuable and iutervatiiig periodicals. For
terms see prospectus.
CaaisTMAS. Desirous of uniting nith
tha w orld in it'd-'""" " ' '
, .ma uay, ws laauethe
paper in advance nf our regular day of public,
lion. In conifipietioe, a good piece of poetry,
by " Wldppnorn ill," along with a. una mtitlus
promised for t'tis week's p ipar, nut be def, rrtd
1' MLN UN ION 11 ANN iiiAi,,".vlU., D c.C CUit 26; 1850.
E suiks acd EankUng. '
Wo oUierve in our exonuuge papers, a
very gutmial nnxiety, for aoino chungu in
our system of Daiik and Bunking. The
insullieiency of Uuiiking cupital, and coin
nif rciiil elrvuliitiiin, in mir iState, is, we be
lieve, (iiiuiiiU'U on nii i i.j 11 Is.
Whut lawful remedy may be provided,
we are not competent to judge. Uut, we
are awure ol certnin facts, and these ought,
perhaps, to dictate what should be done.
The Sf. huu.it Intelligencer says i ' The
Democrat originated, and have, thus fur,
controlled the Uuiikj " that " they invented
in it the tunas ul thu otute, to the amount
of a million of dollars," and that " We
should not insist upon increasing thin invest
int.'' of thu .State " but that " good policy
m:;-iies i.'."lt it should not now be with-
druwn." Now, would not criticise
upon I he remarks v'! the Intelligencer; but
the fuel is very well known, l.'.at uu! a very
small iiiiiount, coinpuralively, " of tile lunus
of the Siuto " were " invested in the Hank 1"
The chief in vi tiiii ut vvui u trust fund, held
by the .Slate for liiu u e ol schools ; a loud
not t:r'.iti;d by the Slate, nor paid Iroin tlieL..,,. r ,. su. tlwn lumn with unv
cotters ol t ie State; bi it a munihcciice ol
' . . i . .
thu Fedora Government. L'laiiteil to tuel
State f-r tlio iiromotionuf education. The
slocks held by the Stute in the Uank are :
The Seminary Fund, . 100,000 00
Tiie St .te School Fund, . 575.00(1 00
Certain Sinking Funds, . 0,273 b'U
Stock of the Slate, in her own
right 272,203 CO
Making . . . $953,537 'Mi
These school funds, the State did invest,
Ullll 1 1 vsu iiuiii iiiiu I'iviici sue nnuuiij inr
. , ,, "... ,,, . ...
so; It.r, ultuoiigii the uivividellds to llie.io
funds have neither been regular nor in lull,
I : ..! .t 1 ul... ..I I 1 .1..'
yet il they hud not been in the Hunk, 110
man could now tell where to hud tlium; IS.il
they were ho invested, umi uu the mock,
mid the State sli.iuld bo bound lor theiri
snletv. We find then that H.oState holds!
in its own rwlit hut little over a quarter of
u million $v!?'i,4tjtt 01). Uut the Jntilf
gtticcr says lunher: "Let it remain ul ils!,e
present a.m.uut, unu ine.i auiuoi so
they umou.it t two uudu half million, lliia
with luu minion ownod by Hut State,
would gite u. u tMpilai ol l nice un I .i i .ill
minions, which jii.n. iiiusiy iiiaii.igcu
. . .1. v . .... in i...
tei'ilig lhe eoiiiiiivice and liuinlni Up lin
11 in II til iclures ol Hie Sulu." Lei "s t-xa-uiiiiu
this propiMitioii a moiiitiii. Tiiu 11
mouiil of the present taxable property,
real nnd personal in tlio city of St. Louis,
is perhaps $3uVJ0l),Oi)O. On this her levies
ttlill lllitl til llie uiuii;, i.t uuuui u.i iine.n u.s
u.....n h-on n.ev want lacilii.es to
enuble them to puy it. But they hayt
reudv ni'dicctcd three II nl llaas" I
Usiiiii t;iiv:oi.'i-' to me wesieru bor-
i j-.. i':... ...I.;.. I.
tiers ol the Dime via .cuoisvu wn, inj.
. -.i -nie'wivtfw, eiiw hi tunstecl Willi'
Cine ati, to cost St. Uuis, if made, notj
less than $3,1100,000; and one to iSt. Charles .
to cost u hull million ($jt)U,0Od) iii.iktug
nine nnd hail uiiliioiis, (fliUtl.tlOU.) All
uis in uuuiuon i ' mo necessary capita. ,or, ,,,.,.,, .. ,., lml llc,lt...tly fail lo
her commercial business which must m-i , . . , . , ,. ,
cluile ut least oue-hnll oi Mi.-souri, l,nv0, p.ecute the., just ..lain,, because foolish
Wisconsin mid Illinois. Wc big our read-, judges will percii. llicui lo be juggled out
ers not to bo ustouished at these figures; of them, and the knave lietpicutly escapes
Inr nearly all the lend, lumber, wheal nnd unpunished.
Hour ol ll.o.-e Slates ure exported through! .
St. Louis, uu.l t.u facilities furnished there. 1 hn ,s Kcmi,aI "'disp .s.t.on to go in
Il may aUo he leineinbered litre, thai ex- to Ct.urt: there is a general want of couii
cepi .liisoui'i, none of the above named drnoo in the decisious of the Judges : men
Stales have U.iuks. It may also be remark- ,:ani cout die cost of any suit, or witli
ed ui .hat connexion that the paper f . ,., ,jcl W,,!U vm bu jts tcnniu.
soutid liank, wilu aullicient capital would ,
supply tlLMo Stales with ll.eir paper circu- j u,,0- lt " ,)l!tter than a lottery,
latum. Directing remarks to tho head oi a foolish
Bui to return. St. Louis is but little Juilue, is like shooting a cbost; you may
more than one-lillli of tiie State, utid other
sectiotid require sonic facilities.
Our own city is but of second or third
cl.is.;, in the Stute and the couimcrco here
re.ii.ii .",1 lor the exportation of tiie products,'
of the field is near a half million a year.1
The Hemp, Tobacco, Pork and Beef crop
all come oil' together, and nt the same sea
son. What is the amount reipuired to ex
port those crops, annually, out of St. Lniiisf
We have no data lo answer ; but w ma)
well suppi. e, al least, hall' the sum required
in St. Loi.ii, on those products of Missouri.
But otlii r pot lions of tl u Stale de -ire to
luiild Railroads, Mills and Manufactures
they ure entitle. I, too, to the like aid und
facilities which St. Louh must ha'e.
We think wiin the Intelligencer and other
pnpers, that our Banking capital ought
t i be increased ; u.i l that some radical
eliuniro ought to bu made, as we'l in the
(Uoveriiiiient, us iu lhe amount of capital.
The capital should be greatly enlarged, to
foter the t-oiiinie.cc, build up the manufacture-,
it. id develop the resources of
Calavlan of Judges.
We had intended lo advert to this sub-
ject iu our la-l paper, but ciiv.uni -dunce . j
prevented it Tho Cuuriir did so. We
in lui.-c every sentiment expressed in iis
nrticle on the suhjcel; und earnestly hop.i
that our Icgislaiors will give lhe subject due
con -iiUrnt ion, and take action, pi ompt,
wi e and eiie'gelic, in relation to the mutter.
The very dearest Interests uf each and e'.'ery
citizen of the Slate, are coinn.v.iiuil to the
cure of our Judges, T'ney pass u.,on all
question t iitl'jc.iin out properly our liberty
and our liu;. Unlets ihuy po.osi clear
heads to understand llio law, and an inflex-
Ihlft lutrrinuit In n.l.-t.l.. -
. ....tito! H unswayed by
considerations of fotir, favor, or atfection,
they do inriict, und will continue to indict
u;n,n tho commuuiiy individually nnd col.
lectively, the most lieiioin and irrepara
side injury. We regard their functions as
ol the utmost impnrtttnee, and the proper
or iinprorer discharge of them, more po
tent, for weal or woe, to the community,
than the proper or improper discharge of
tho duties ot any other o dices of our
Slate. What then Is tha character of our
present Judges? A shrewd man needs no
answer to this question, when he has been
told what are their salaries. Our Circuit
Judges are paid tf 1,01)0: and our Judges of
the Supreme Court, only $1,100. The
same parsimony is visible in every other
ollice in the State, but wc will confine
ourselves to the Judges. There is no very
great glory attached to any judgeship in
the JState, and thu only coil . 'nidation for
accepting tho office is to be found in the
salary. We assert without fear of contra
die. ion that the above salaries arc not larg
er in amount, thnn tho proceeds of thuii
professional iabor hnve been to lawyers of
very moderate calibre in this State, for
many vears past; and that lawyers of first
rate ability, Uiuaiiy make a much larger
, ... ..... .. ... ,.,..
reason, to obtain tho services ol lawyers
. ... '
I0' n,oru ordinary capacity,
when it is unwilling to reinuiierale them
properly? Wo think not, and believe that
the Indicia! history of the State will sus
tain tluytpinion. Missouri has groaned for
many jears undei the imposition of Judges
who would have graced the uniform of the
respectable corps of " ForciUe feedm,'' but
! who were nut of their Million when they
t ... r,.i i i , . i .
donned liiu ermine. 1 liere liave been in the
State many exceptions tn this sweeping as-
xcrtion, but for tlieui Missouri is indebted to
h, r good fortune lather than her wisdom
vesof thisCirciiit.pre.ides with tin-
... . .. , . . , , ,,
ostentation, ihgn.tv un decided ability, lie
is ' the same tune, a model of n gentleman
and a judge. Judge Xaptou we believe to
1 w!otrt we will not now name
general thing, our Judge, on tho Circuits
and on t e hupieme M.urt bench, ore weak
;ic I inclli 'r lit. Sonic of our recent Su
..,., 1U, (', ( ,, ci-aoiK, with which we
. . . . .
,11 vi! becoiiu aciiua nted. InroUL'll tho me
ilium of 1 he mess, remind us in their
p!ir i. eology (wc will not .ass upon thoir
legal merits) of a definition which we have!
seen, and which the Supreme Court could
perhaps translate for us ot transcendents
. . . , .1 . 1
hsni:-TranscendenUlism is the spiritual
! cognoscence of psycologlcal irrefragibility,
11 il with concntient ademption ol
iucoluminent Bi.irituulitv and etherialized
' ' ...... ie
, ,.,;., i Minniiiory concretion. ii
, , . ,. . .
nn ""k'ull,td """"' .Hi,'0 ut tho l"w
by lhe language which tlicy use, it cannot
be of ii very high cast. The consetpienco
js ,lut (.rciadeal of property is lost by
hit it, but can make no impression. Wo
think indeed when everything is taken in
to consideration, it is for the State even n
very short sighted economy, In a pecuniary
point of view, to pay their Judges poorly.
va t deal more than unv increase of ti.eir
salaries, might be saved to liiu Slate by 1
wise Judges; and no man can tell how
much would bo saved to tho people in
ti.eir righis of property, of liberty, and
It is unbecoming the great Slate of Mis
souri to display u niggardly parsimony in
restricting i Is officers to a beggarly pit
tance ; and unwise to save a few dollars in
thu way ol salaries and, by the same oper
ation, lose u large amount in the mill-administration
of the law.
Wo have seen in tho pages of the
"Knickerbocker" the maxim "take care of
tho pennies : the pounds will tukc care of
themselves," illuitratud by reference lo an
engraving of aa elderly gentleman seated
at his desk near an open window, through
which a draught uf wind is sending a scat
tered bundle ol bank notes, whilo he i-
clutch'n.g a pile of coppers. It is a '.'.an-ee.
ous maxim, and for fear of ae", jn(s slouj
ever walk arm in any, Vf save a.
tho spigot, r.id lose at the bung.".. The
oriir.', ,cxl om. cjsul01.g nro f.njjllr
with; we commend to their attention thel
We will not vouch lor the truth of the
following statistics, but wa believe that
Massachusetts gives to her Chief Justice.
!J.)Ul), and to the associate Jud"
Supreme Court $3000
each; that Mary-
land gives toV.,. oixicf Justice $2500, anil
to the ayHicIale Judges $$200; that Vir
H'mi'i give t -V-e ;.ic .lu.lice 83730, and
tn fior i . . ' ii!": :J'2.)0; tlmt North
Oarotiuo u" - Iibi' Supremo Judge.
jJciT..) each, und to her Circuit Court Judge
SlDftOpach; lht lhe Judge of the"Gon-
eral sessions and Comtnou Pleas of South
Carolina are paid, one $3500, the other five
$JUUU each, and her four Chancellors each
$3000; that Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia,
and Texas pay their Judges well: Louisi
ana In avoiding a mean parsimony, has al
most erred In the way ol generosity. Her
Chief Justice receives $0000, and the as
sociate Judges $5500 each; nnd every other
Judge In the Slate is remunerated sulli
ciently to entitle the State to his whole
tune, and Ins best exertions.
We are likewi'e decidedly In favor of
referring tho election of Judge to the pco-
Jc who, ns thoy are capnblii of selecting
their i.nvernor end Keprcscntntivcs, are
as well uble to select their Judges.
Departed this lifn in the 7Sth year of Ida life,
onboard the sailor Rowena, at the Port of Acs-
puioo, Mexico, on me i, imov. laet, vapt.
AoaAiiAtt Biro, late of the neighborhood of
Capt. Dird was a native of Virginia, from !
whence in early life h waa removed to Ken-
lucky or Ohio. In tha year 1S23, be removed
with hia family to thie county w hero lie rati
ded, honored a id beloved, until tha California
mnhia in the Spring of 131!), when, at Ida ad
vanced af!, be waa impelled by motives of jus
lice tn hia friends, ami that sterling Iwnetty of
pnrpnae, w hich aver charsclerized his life, lo
abandon ot er home, society, slid friends, amongst
whom, tho now eged companion of hia youth,
and a Inrgv f.imily of suns and daughter", to
seek, if Providence, he might be premitted,
- , .. ... 1 . . ...
nnu a portion o. tne. goiuen manna, aaia, mere M.lr,t lllrmnllnt, tt ,lchno Whig de-
in abound: and by'shich, to return to hia .jrei to cra.. The only ohni.ra tf elerlina a
,'rionils, moneys, pi.id for Idm to tha govern- Whig ia by preaertira to the Legi-Viture a Whig
mont, Receivor of Public moneya, at Pal- '"" opinions on tha Slavery Que.tion make
n:yra. The re.ult, i. told! Near two years him n,"re M th" ) Do
. . .1 . . . 1 crats, than Benton or any liei ton man would
of unrewarded toil have been conaumated, in j,f.
de",,w I Wa believe that tho anti Ben'on demnerals
The writer of these lines well knows the won)d preff vo,ill(, for jIenrv s GeyerofSt.
motivea and objects which impelled Mm to the Louie, In any whig in the Slate, and wears
adventure. A well, also, doea he know, the I iUre ,hat ,1ere j, no w,,i(t w0 ,ilinki ler
private opimona 01 ll.e uecesaeu, aa to me came
of his misfor'.unes, in that matter.
Capt. Bird was one of the oldest seltlets in
Marion county and aver maintained an un
blemished reputation; wns always beloved and
frequently exalted to posts of honor. Ha was
a beloved brother of tha Mesunio Order a pi
ous and meek Christian, sud lha honored and
bel oved patriarch of s devoted and. respect ed fain
ily. His long, farm. nd cherished devotion to
Christian principles, forbid the doubt, that iu
his death, he has exchanged a world of trouble,
for one of eternal felicity. Peace to his ash
es! l'or the Western Union.
Election of Senator.
Among the many subjects of importance
whiolt will cnirnLic lhe 'nlleniion of the
Legislature of Missouri at the c ining ses-l
sion, there is none in which the people of
thu Slate feel so deep nn interest, ns that
of the election of a United Stntes Senator,
j There were few who believed that the
"California Question" seriou ly menaced crease the wealth and productio.ia of any por
thi Tirol;; ll.e c,i:i'tiii('ii as lo llic .tioii nf the St de, by uilitatii g intercourse; and
Constitutional p.nver of Congress lo leg- j de.tu.nl to interesis in wniou v, e nre mora
islate Utx't. II;e uli.i.ct ol slavery in t ho
territories, was one on which there might
be honest ililleifivrs of opinion; and
though a great portion of the South thought
such legislation unconstitutional, and all
thought it ungenerous in the North to de -
sire to exclude us from tho enjoyment of
our territories, they Wore nevertheless un
willing to go to war about it, or to sever
peacably (if such a thing be practicable) tho
ties which bind them to the Union. Hut
there is a question now beforo tho people,
which may from time to time engage the
attention ol our national Legislators for
some years to come. We are fearful that
tho intemperate zeal of Northern men will
induce them to interfero with the continu
nnco of the Fugitive Slave Bill, nnd that
an ell'ort will bo made to repeal, or so mod-
ify the law as to make it provisions ineffi
cacious. Such action on the part of Con
gress we feel assured would meet with tho.
most violent opposition throughout the
Southern States, and cause South Cp ml'
at least to secede from the Union nt
As things nou stnnd there is rea"0nto be.
lieve that it will be a difficult matter to
keep her in tho Un on. If South Carolina
1 . .. - oot.i vuroiiiiit
congress wiiiiin their limits, ..;'
seems uiniosi uinvuauie, e d-j no' know'
how thu President fcn j J(J t !
cuty to eulnrco the law ifc
na Ihnl r ...
--v.oiii.;in uuum wilijf uu UUIIU 11
-e Ttrmy, war with the seceding State
would be inevitable.
It does not becomo us therefore in such
perilous times to think of sending to the
Senate of the United Slates a man who, ei
ther In intelligence or virtue, would not be
an able representative. Many whigs have
been named for the office who could 'dlily
nnd honorably represent the State. Bates,
Gcyer, Leonard, and Doniphan arc all men
of unimpeachable character and the
Whig party '' ' Bauni!tl with either
mu. nni.M, nneiv will run no one out
alio uu,o i j ...... .
Col. Benton; they are determined to stuk
Aa as larl rt-s th him: thev will have n inter-
Ol in I , ., ,
..i IS...n nwi Wilt nOt
course wiin ann u""i".i -'" -
,-tun - - , ,
i ... i ! nin i ie r ranss ij
i.s le-' -
i i nrt. AiliiOliun
' ..,oVo lh. other'
WJ " f . , l
'think that the great body of the
party will deter them Irom such a renegndo
movement. These two parties standing
apart unwilling to be reconciled, the Whig
party if it remain united, will have a plu
rality In the Legislature. Hut a mcrciu.
ratify of votes would not bo sufficient to
elect a Senator, and so if neither of the
parties unite with the other the State will
to unrepresented. Wo despise a policy
which will compromise the principles or
the dignity of the Whig party; nnd wc nre
therefore unwilling Oia the Whig party
should join hands in any compact with ci
ther wing of the denincrnry. Let lis stand
nldof but united; let not the old question of
the constitutional powcrof Congress to leg
islate concerning slaveiv in the territories
distract us. Why shoiiid il? We r.ll be
lieve tlmt they should net cxcicho il wheth
er they possess it or not. We en 11 net in
concert without any compromise of princi-
pe, and it is our duty to do mo. We. can
and must be united. Our next duty will
be to look nronnd, nnd to what able men
the State will be likely !o receive, unso-
Urnea u.v nT. "J ule wf'ff rnn af,u,n
cient nnmliT of deniocrali; votes to con
stitute a majority when adoed to the whole
Wa do not believe that Mr. Ilttee or Mr.
Leonard, r t'nl. Doniphan coud recti te mora
than the Whig atrenglh proper, nnd we are ex
tremely doubtful whither the iVhiira ef Mis
souri river would vote fur then in any event.
It is of course well known that no on'i Denton
man will vote for them; it ia rtpistly well know n
thit Col Bent. m line planed heli et n the Whigs
and hia own auljecta, as between the two wings
to;0,''': mo""cy. tl.e-hi wal t,d ll.e deep
d.tch' which tho anltntory gemits of the Ilentun
,, , Mvt or uet,tr i( lhe Su,e if .
the ablcet man in the State, there are certainly
very few to equal him, and his moral character
is aa good aa hia reputation for ability. Ha baa
alwaya been an unwavering whig: he is s man
of enlarge! views and discards every miserable
sectional prejudice which would make him ar.
in any public matter except for lhe c
good. He would a.'e i. Senator upon whom
lbs State might look with pride, sud in whom
she could confide without the chanos of betray
al. We know that there it a fear in the minda of
mor.y that St. Louis ia inimical to any system of
legislation for vdcrtml improvements in any por
tion of the State that de nut immediately re
dound In her interests; and it is often urged as
an objection to advancing Ihem tn political pow
erbut whether lliia be true or false with re-
card to the citizens nl'St. I.tniid isntinrnllv m
are Jure(1 beyt,nd laM s'
jer if B warm 0(vCile oi interr.nl improvement:
.thai his oi anions nnd ledum, are li,l,ll ...
favor nf every pullio work which would in-
tiiueiy conci Ti.eu, tve M ow in l.;i op.ii
Ions, nit.l liei.1 wi-lii's ure .villi u in the i- itt r
ol o.ir 1 Iitniilb.il and St. Joseph R .d Hoed; u.t
ho believes St. Louis to hate no Iitllo interest
in ita conatruction; that, tiext In lhe points of
termini, and the country through which tho
jroRd wo!lll, pa,gi ,ho wotlIJ be BOf, telief)ltt.d
by it; and that Congress ought not to delay ma
king a liberal grant of lands in aid nf the enter
prise. These views of Mr. Ueyer make hint
acceptable lo whigs and democrats elong the
line uf the roule, and we hope before s very
long time to hear of him as Senator elect from
I take this opportunity of expreasing the opin-
luu that it is a miataka to suppose that the cili-
"", " l",u" '".'T T " Wi,k nn-
. rc i. .
'.... iib ,-naio .vn.cn aoea not
terminate in St. Louis. tU'Jh are the viawa of
the moat narrow minded only. I have coover-
aed with man.y of 'oer ,n0it intelligent cifoene,
and ft.i.'d il.emi B,mott Wj,,uut 0Bpliolli Jf
Uvcr of '.ny work in the State, which would add '
to tl;,a quantity or valua of the products iu any.
jiorlion of the Slate. They are wise enough to
snow mat a great pan oi aucli increaae In pro-
a. . a s . .
duction must go to Si. L"uie. If Nature bvanv
1 1,ranB" held in s night cause lo flow
t,,ro."8h ''l0 ftiU. but, a: preaent, intraversabla
" T ,'! xr fWf. riv,r' mPty-
; Ula I.,!., in. a.Ii..i.m.,t ....I at : i . :
constructed by human hand., nlthougli we draw
noM ,noney ftom s,! l'ou'i ,han Mature
vculd draw in the auppoied caas, ws yet get
- r , . ,, o.
1 Ui.irb aunnLl iniiirn St. Isanti, nnrl (hat sill St
Louis men would bo opposed to it.
Sad Accident. Mr. Richasd Uodise, s -worthy
citizen of Monroe county, left this cily
on Thursday last, fur Paris, driving a two boras -wagon,
loaded. About half way between hare -and
Paris, hia horses became frightened, ras off,
and threw him from tha wagon, killing him in
stantly. Ha was extensively known in Mon- -
rue county, and known to be un bonsai man tle
left a wife and seven children, and s nume
rous connection lo mourn l.'ta loss.
We aie instructed to aay that' if Mrs. Gob
rsEV, of Marion county, will call at this office,
aha will hear soinntVing to her advaidig from
her husband in ('"Vifernia.
The regular t Quarterly meclim of the M. E
ifjluireh S u l., . nun, need in this place last
iTue'da) utk ..1.1 ties t xpeeletl to close on
C .!..... uu... I'M t Tueadar. U.W..
ip. J al ,.,1,1-J
had ba.o sdded c th Church.