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WESTERN UNION -IIANNUJAL, MO., AUGUST 28, 1851.
WESTERN UN ION.
HANNIBAL, THURSDAY, AUGUST 2S IK.M.
BIHTOH AND IMJIII.IlMIKK.
We fear our neighbor it falling into Ilia bid
praulica of hit (tarty, and it giving Gen. Soull
position without uulliurily. His wishes are
Ilia parent lo his thuugliti in this matter, and hi
tint ire to believe General Soott a friend to dm
Compromise, ha niailu him aver the Jucl. The
bait guide to a man' opinions, in the eusei.ee
of any expression from himself, ii the aoliuii
of hit liearatl and most cealous friend, and at
Mty are againil the compromise, we mutt be
lieve he is loo. If lie is, and "a Whig Na
tional Convention should be guilty" of nomin
ating him, the Union taya it would ba "in
faviT of choniing delegates to a batter Con
vention to (elect a batter man."
Why not lay at onoa y.m wouldn't support
him? That idea of merely being in 1 favor nl
choosing delegates to a bultur convention,"
leaves a loop hvle to creep out of, and lo
support Soott, in case it didn't take. Ahl
liaighbur, wa are afraid you're trying to "dutlge."
Our friend of the Courier seems extremely
anxioui that we ahoiild commit ourselves, bill
this wo are strenuously determined not to do at
thit stage of the game. If every Whig journal
pledge itself In this or that individual, how is it
possible to unite upon a nominee ? how can we
act intelligently when we can no longer mould
our actions lo the bent of circumstance ; but
must, fortoith, abide by a pledge, perhaps as
indiscreet as ill - timed and uncalled for? If the
gentleman expects to force us into any such
absurd predicament ha will find himself entirely
mistaken, lint, at the same time, we neither
desire to "dodge," nor can wo conceive thai
our position is as yet so extreme as lo require
any ''loop-hale to creep out of." We would
advise our neighbor to file those "loops," as he
will probably find them of service to himself as
Ihe ensuing caiivasa approaches, unless he is
called into the service of some champion much
more stable in his principles than Mr. Cast
Wa want candidate on the definite platform of
Ihe compromise. This is Ihe ligament that binds
us in beauty and unity, and when this is once
severed, alas for the prosperity of our Union 1
Where is Ihe man so unpatriotic, so contracted
in his views, as not to act when a duty of so
great a magnitude is imposed upon him. The
adoption of the compioinise measures lias
marked new era in our history, and one per
haps of almost unpricedented importance.
"There is work for every man lo do." On this
point we would beditliiidy understood, that we
cannot be iniluoed to auppini the nominee even
of our own Convention, if lli;.t nominee is known
to be hostile to the measures of the compromise.
If this is going too far, then we are on the side
of authority, for it is nothing more than has been
averred by leading men of both parties. Such
was the spirit of Ihe compromise acts, lint how
is friend Ament on this point? Does lie pledge
himself to the nominee of the Deinocrutio Con
vention, without Ihe slightest reservation?
Come no v, let your readers know what to de
pend on I The object of every convention is to
obtain the wishes of the majority of that party
whose exponent it is, to deliberate upon them
calmly and dispassionately, and fix upon a can
didate who will ensure the united vole of thai
party. How can this be accomplished, when
every member of that convention is biased, each
respectively, for Clay, Fillmore, Crittenden or
Scott ? It will be seen that the balance of
power lies in the hands of those who have
pledged themselves to no one. If all pledge, it
is a perfeot failure, and we may as well play
the psntomime in any other farce, with the hope
of practical advantage. The leading journals of
Ihe different States are looked upon as the ex
ponents ofthe respective parties. They are the
pulses, as it were, of the community Ihe most
extensive medium of forming an opinion of the
state of feeling within their respective spheres,
and it behoove them to be very careful how
Ihey enter into pledgee which their constituents
cannot endorse. lint this shall never lead us to
the sacrifice of principle. Seldom, at any pe
riod, has the state of political affairs called for
greater discretion, than the present. Not from
one alone, but both purlin. Coalitions anomalous
in the history of politics, render it almost im
possible to reduce Ihe claims of aspirants to
any thing more definite than slight probabilities
Wo ore entirely conservative, mid while
our contempt lor tliu Abolitionists ot the
North knows no bound's, we nro loutli to
claim brotherhood with Hie "Fire-enter"
of the South. Does our neighbor imag
ine we could support either of those?
Without soma ground of suspicion, surely
not! Where is the consistency in denoun
cing them ami Hiippor'ing a non-coin pro
mise ninnf The former come out in plain
terms anil advocate the principles of disun
ion the latter with n perfect self-complacency
expects lo escape censure, but "To
In;, or not lo be," is now the only issue.
If we place a slew match in communication
with a powJer flask, is llio effect less cer
tain; is the consequenco less sturtliii",?
By no means. This is not a moment for
parleying. There me active nnd negative
unties, uud it is the lieiglitli of folly for n
man to suppose that lie can escape the res-
iionsibililics of those, by performing these,
t is not sufficient thai he take no active
measures against the compromise, but ab
solutely uccessary that lie should become
its warm advocate. "The man who is de
Hirous of Whig support, for the next Pres
idency, must bu bevniid suspicion or cavil,
in favor of the n We couslittiiion--not of u
jtatt. 'J'hoiie who are in favor of only n
ol Dial instrument, aro enemies lo the
Our neighbor fears that we ure "giving
(ienetul M'oit a position wiiliout futthoii-
ty," but thin la a creature of his imagina
tion, and rather what lie desires we should
do, than just n ground of supposition on his
part, induced from nny position that we
imve assumed with relation to the subject.
On the other hand we do twi desire to give
lien. Scott a "position." He already holds
a position, ul least dubious, and thecal! of
if'tnotisiii, as well as the vital interests ol
lis party, should induce him to rclinquili
it immediately. If lie seeks popularity, he
hns certainly taken a most misguided
course, nud in so doing, Ijcniiiubi the ener
gies ot Ins party. If he lias not the manli-iies.-i
to avow his sentiments unreservedly
and explicitly, then he is not the man that
the emergency ot the times dumunds.
When has Fillmore in a singlo instance
shrunk from the responsibilities of duty?
We challenge its production. Such men
we want, and others we have in our party,
men who, if culled upon to do either, will
sacrifice individual interest for the grnerul
well fare of the country.
We hope that our neighbor lias by this lime
at least some slight idea of our "where
abouts." I le says in speiking of lien. Scott,
"The best guide to a man's opinions, in the
absence of anv expression from himself, is
the action of his nearest and most zealous
friends, and as thry are against the Com
promise, we must believe he is ton," and
seems to bo diverted with the idea of "choo
sing delegates to n better Convention to se
lect a belter man." "Why not sny at
once, you wouldn't support him?" If it
will nll'ord the slightest gratification, we
say that we will support no nominee of the
National Convention, unless chosen on the
broad principle of the compromise. How
ever varied may have been the opinions of
uitlerciil imliviiliials at the time ol the n
doption .ii tlue resolutions, nil should now
unite upon its common basis. Here is a
new scion on the tree of Liberty, nnd let
none dare to pluck a single leaf. Tho ex
pi'diency of lopping one branch, and allow-
nig another to grow, has been Hilly discuss
ed ami the object now is to guard that sci -
on I ruin the ruthless totf.li of those who
have had no share in its culture. What is
tliospiritofcninpnuiiise, but the pin pose
of sacrificing minor interests in the attain
ment of one great good? Is it necessary,
in order to endorse the compromise meas
ures, thai we conceive each nnd every one
of them to have been most expedient and
best adapted to promote 'he object in view?
If so, we linvn't entered into the true spirit
ol tlio compromise, lor we have gained the
end, without being culled upon to modify a
single opinion, lint thoohicct is mined.
and philanthropists must rally under the
Citt Hotel. There is nothing like a good
dinner lo put a man in a good humor with
himself and the "rest of mankind." We are
in a particularly good humor wild Mashi
UUKE& Hance, lor treating lie yesterday, to
a superb dinner. They had t.ot only all the
rarities of the season, lo be found in water
and on land in this part of the world; but the
dulioacies of the far off tropioes were muster
ed into service. From experience and obser
vuiion, we are prepared (o assert that no
reasonably man can oomplain of the qaunlily,
quality, style of cuoking, or attendance. In
support of this we can summon for witnesses,
all the boarders at the City Hotel and they are
not few in number
A Beet "as is" a Beet. Another beat
was presented us on Monday last, by Mr
Jas A. .H. Lampton. of New London. Rnlla
Comity, which measures eighteen inches in
circumference! This beet just beats any beet
that ever was raised on this side of the river.
We are determined we will not be outdone by
the "Free Press" man in the way of beets,
and by the way, we're inclined lo think he
must have been paid by the inoh fur measur
ing the one he received.
TheSoNOBA was lowed down yesterday by
the New England.
Mr. J. R. Abebnatiiy, formerly editor of
III "''i"ve iij suvu I leu E Jt ime sihsbiivvw vvmuhiuii tss sssa n sssva w s ts ssu
the 1 am Mercury has sold his interest in that i,eme ,idB by tide ) millionaires, and, in shor', 1 Union, though perhaps we may except Rhode
........ I.. fl.. . u fi, S.T .. If. A I . I i'.i .11 !.:-..:,. I . ; . ill I " . I- , J- . f. J ' c .
paper to Dean & Mason. Mr. A. has purchased
all the fixtures necessary fur a new start at La
grange. His paper will be called the Lagrange
Missouri!!. Success attend him.
Ainoriien Steamuoat Laonciiud. Last
Tuesdsy afternoon, at 4 o'clock, the Sonora
glided majestioidly down her ways, and was
launched upon Ihe broad bosom of Ilia Missis
sippi. The spectators, of w horn a considerable
number were present, went home well pleased
with what they had seen, and particularly
pleased thai Hannibal should be able lo afford
such superior facilities fur boat building. An
other boat, the third pluced on Ihe stocks this
Summer, will tuke the place just deserted by
the Sonura. Captain Saltmarsh will command
the Sonora. She is said lo be callable of con
veying 200 Ions mure than the Kate Kearney,
1 he lioal Yard belones lo Snider & Co. Mr.
Clark is the builder, lie is said lo be unsur
passed by any boat builder in Ihe West.
Unnnibul Foundry. If you have any work
in their line, call on Mitchell & Ueuiiimton.
I'heir adverlisemei.t will tell you whereto find
fke card of Twm-is AT Dunnold.
The Store House at the corner of Ilird and
Water streets is for Rent.
t'igor nnd Tobacco Storenew establishment.
II Leer & Arbogatt have opnnod a neat look
ing store, where they can furnish customers
with everything in their line. Cigars good
in particular judge from experience
.Wo Store u.ore business more enter prise.
The people will be glad lo find from his card
in this week's paper, that M. A Lindsley it
again uthit old stand, tho "Creut Western."
For the Wettern Union.
ODE TO THE CHOLERA
1 Dread Ravitherl I hear thy iron treail
And tliy noitoine brrutli speeds with tht mom's gay
Thy brand but waved, myriad-lnngiir-d dread
Ik-fore I lice flie, anil Hope f orgets to fling
Her mantle o'er thy wrath! Orient boro,
Thou'st swept remorseless thy horde-swarming home I
The pnng, the groan, Ihe tear, thy chalice-draught
(If joy, iufatialiluol' tints', llinuM totalled!
While slaughters Ii0ilnr thy giiin shape adorn)
Till black wild horror, thy i(-c.tie goblets gloain,
And none can .lay, High Minister of Dual lit thy reck
To Jedo's inhospitable ward thou'st forced
Unpetitioned way and ilirely langht
I he courtesy of lear. Where Kianku's coursed
In peace, thrice ten servire-lu.tlra, wrought
A ghastly desolation) deridpil
I'sgoda's sanctity and from their shrines
Snatched Uoodha's sundal'd priests of gait devout,
And turned Divinity to angry doubt I
Skipp'd o'er Hiimnaleh's rock-harrier, wed
Unto the skies, t'wbere many a pilgrim whines
His mystic Veda-prayert and Ava's splendor sliine.nl
Gunga's waters could not cleanse thy wound,
Nor Benare's sacred towers flight thee oiTI
Calmuck steppes thou'st reamed with wanton bound;
Or C'abul't martial clangor made a scoff)
Media's ancient tremor woke and lent
Another note, to Judah's "Harp of woe".
Itnslud o'er the land proud, peerless, yet a wreck,
Whose -.peaking dust, 'twas Amnion's son's to deck)
By beauty's gnllpy-ttale, 'theiigh honnr'd, rent)
Kevi-I'd nenl h Byzantine Mosques, that throw
Their minarets on high, while peals the prayer below!
Islam's nrnphet cannot intercede
Successful for thy check! Like Othtnan't sons,
Thou'st Attic glories doomed once moieto bleed,
And rekindled memory that woiiues
By Suuiiiin's steep, of Terror's banquet clays;
Hid Tuscan mothers, mid magnificence
Of ruin, re-ope Ihe fountains of their tears,
And iintoinb the sorrows of a thousand years:
Laiigli'd in Gallic strife's and passion's blaze,
At howling boastful Battle's impotence,
And strewn, with tempest arm, thy mounts of victim's
Slavic might thy linlilniiur scimitar
Hath proved ami Scandinavia's Northern fields!
On Andalusia's flashed thine evil star,
And Aiilao vulortreach'ious lil,thatshiclds
Protective, an Km pi re-real in o'er land and sea!
Thou'st made, at ouo bold vault, Columbia's strand,
Jly Ihy alien slep alone, distaiued,
A goodly vineyard, unto Freedom gained
fly lion strokes, that mercenaries Ave:
Made with blood-dyed luiment to demand
An hundred Hecatomb., to grace Ihy triumphs grand!
Majestic cemi'rer! Continents and Isles,
Shore and Main, the (ilobe thy spoil, I've seen
Thy twice, mad onset, till a world of smiles
A world of griefs was formed. And I would e'en
Track Hire tolliyduiigeoii-lioiiie,thy eave,
(Hack as foulest Midnight, paved Willi gore,
Hung with mangled limbs, Ihy nice taste culls,
With monumental, entrance cone of sculls;
And hail the hour thine appetite shall crave
To gnaw Ihy loathsome sell', when gone thy store,
And thy old, ciu.cd bvues clatter at thy ravenous roar I
T. A. M.
St. Louis Correspondence.
St. Louis, Aug. 25. 1801.
. Dear Clems According to oft-reueuted
promises 1 commence my correspondence from
this Uabel of city life. The past week has beeu
one of unusual variety, tliuugh not quite so
pregnant with Ihe spirit of murder that charac
terized Ihe preceding one. During its passage
it has favored us with showers and sutisl. me
al one lime stilling us with clouds of dusl, and
at another, darkening our very souls with low
ering clcuds. Yesterday and the day before
were sweltering ones for those who had much
out-door business. .
In Ihe item line but little has transpired ; and,
according to reportoriul phrase, "the market it
very dull for thai commodity. The principle
effect of attention during Ihe week has beeu an
idiot who was picked up on the street by one
of our efficient policemen, who conveyed him
to the calaboose. There he held an open court
for several days ; some four or five hundred
persons physicians, lawyers, divines, (excuse
In W S Ik si ft (.-as r Ita tis-iA in til it f 1 1 1 re a llnK nni.naila au
the whole world and hit wife having crowded
lo catch a glimpse at that wonderful object. I improvement of the soil, and comparatively lit
ln stature he is about five feet, six or seven in-1 He is done to exhaust it without compensation.
dies, but stoops a good deal : his limbs are lone
and lean and have no definite shape ; his head
is the very personification of an apa; he has a
countenance iu whioh the slightest approach to
reason cannot be discovered, he speaks only
wilh a quick, guttural sound ; and his actions
are as quick and meaningless as those of the
animal he resembles, and lake him all in all, he
is an object win would lead a person, after the
first emotion of pity had subsided, lo think
what a prize lie would afTord to Barnuin.
What a theory would that prince of hum
buggers found upon his appearance. A new
nation would spring up, of which he would
be a favorable specimen. Veriuus are the sur
mises iu vogue as lo his arrival, parentage, eto ,
all of which are tha mere creations of oonjeoturr.
Some aver that he is the offspring of some hard
hearted parent, who has immured him in some
place of imprisonment from which he has es
caped. Another apeaks as from authority that
he has been brought over from the other side
of the river and "accidentally ' lost. While an
other, more charituble than the rest, supposes
that ha has strayed away Irom his parents and
home. On rnday he was removed lo the
County Farm that receptacle of the drunkard
and villain, where he will most likely spend tlie
residuu of his days
Some little excitement hat beeu raised by Ihe
news from Cuba, but as you have the latest
news, by the papers, I will only slate that on
lo-nighl there is expected to be a large and
enthusiastic meeting in the sixth ward, when a
good deal of high flying, and some hifalming
sppeclius, will have birth. Hut more of it in my
next. i jUrs,
Uisiioi Wauoii preached at the M. U.
Church last Sunday. Uur citizens were well
pleased with him, und thought he fully diserves
Ihe nigh reputation lie lias'uired.
nasiachuMtti and Missouri Compared.
There is a Rood deal of information in the
following article taken from the New York Tri
bune, and louildeu on Ilia census ot 10U0. It
is true that Missouri ia spoken of rather slight,
tingly, mainly because she happens to have
slaves within hr borders, but we let that pass,
with a single remark. Il is said, that Ilia alow
increase of Ihe slave population 'points uner
ringly to the destiny ol Missouri at white
State." This may be legitimate argument, but
we can tell the edi.'.or ol the Tribune, that the
Abolitionists of the free Slates the slave se
ducsra and the slave protectors have done
more to perpetuate slavery in Missouri than all
other causes eumbineu'. Even if there had been
a disposition among lh. people to take measures
for llieeraduul emanoitation of the slaves in the
State, this disposition hits been arrested by the
wanton interference of the people of the Free
States in a matter which does not concern them
in any shape whatever. The legitimate result
of the action of the Abolitionists within the last
ten years, has been to postpone indefinitely all
efforts ul philanthropists to change the relation
of the slave lo his master. It never can be
done under any outward pressure, such as has
been used by the Abolitionists and their sympa
thizers and if they had bean Ihe true friends
of the slave, and not mere political traders, using
this as their capital, ihey would have found il
out befure this lime.
IV. ..I........ IS.. - I...- f .1 . ...I...
tvuviviv.i.iuv uuuiuci vi Riaici WIIU
II,... .....i... ...i.l ;..
the census, is altogether too small only fifty
. ' . . . .. . I
nine in 1850. This is unquestionably errone
ous, and is to be attributed lo the carelessness
with which Ihe questions were put and snswer
ed. We have no doubt the number was much
The year 1850 was one of the cholera years
in this Slate, and this will account for the unu
sual mortality which the census slate to have
taken place in Missouri. The climate is no
worse than that ol many other slates in the
Union, and we are comparatively free, strange
aa it may seem, ol a disease which carries off
prubaMy one-lourlh ol those who die in Mas
sachusettslire cunsumjtion Itepublicon.
i'lom Ihe New Voik Tribune.
Massachusetts and Missouri.
We publish in another place Ihe statistics of
population, dwellings, health, and so forth, in
Massachusetts and Missouri, as exhibited by
the census of 1850. The comparison of the
two States will be found instructive.
Missouri hud been a Slate thirty years when
the census was taken ; Massachusetts was one
of the original members of Ihe Confederation.
When the former was admitted into Hie Un
ion iu 1820, she numbered 00,080 souls, and
toe latter, 023,287. Missouri has now wore
than ten limes the population she had then,
while in these thirty years the people of Mas
sachusetts have not quite doubled. This is not.
surprising. Massachusetts, in point of soil and
climate, is one of Ihe least favored Slstes, nud
Missouri one of the most. The natural tenden
cy of men, as Ihey grow rich and strong, is to
go from the poor lo the rich soils, and hence it
is to be expected that Missouri should grow
faster than her eastern sister. The miracle is,
that Willi her soil and olunate, and with richer
lands and more genial airs lo attract her chil
dren elsewhere, Massachusetts should have
gained as she has.
This Slate reckoned in 1840, 738,000 inhab
itants ; to-day she has !)03,00t, the rate of in
crease being 34 1-2 per cent.; from 1830 to 1840
it was 20 3-4 per vent., and from 1820 to 1830,
il was lb' 3-4 per cent. The rate of increase
is thus largely augmenting. This is lo be at
tributed lo the attraction which the progress of
wealth and improvement in agriculture as well
as iu manufactures, exercises upon population.
In Vermont, where manufactures are yet to be
established to any considerable extent, the in
crease for each of the two last decades lias beou
but 4 per cent., while in Rhode Island, aa we
have shown in a previous article, the growth
of manufactures, together with Ihe excellent
and truly popular character of the legislation,
has produced an increase of 44 percent. Mass
acbusetts counts U,702 manufacturing establish
ments, producing yearly $500 and upward.
This gives one lo each 102 persons ; but uo
other State has ao many large establishments.
Uhode Island has one lo each 103 persons.
' Massachusetts contains an area of 5,302,000
, acres, and accordingly number one person to
' each 5 1-2 acres of her foil. She om easily
' auppurl five limes as many, and at the present
rile, another half ceulnry will have carried her
population up to that figure.
Agriculture in this Sta'e is generally in a
innpsa ssflajaimuil Mfirifiilafaft lllun aaliaAilSurA in lliA
Island. A great deal ia constantly done for the
There are 33,989 farms under cultivation, or
one to every 29 persons; in Rhode Island there
is one lo each 1 in Vermont one lo each 10-1-2
j in Maine one lo eaoh 10 3-4 ; South Car
olina one to each 24 J iu Mew York one to eaoh
Missouri has an area capable of sustaining a
population of thirty-five millions. She had,
1820, 00,500 inhabitants, and for leu years in
creased a little more 100 per cent., giving her
140,445 in 1830 ; for the next decade her rate
of increase was 173 percent., giving hr 383,.
702 in 1840 and i.ow she counts b'82,044, in
king the rate of increase only 77 3-4 per cent.,
which is a vast falling ofr from either of the
This Stale has now 87,422 slaves ten years
since she had 08,240; their rate of increase has
accordingly been 50 per cent.; from 1830 to
lolo it exceeded 100 per oeul. JNow, as then,
however, the slave population increases more
slowly man tlie Iree. llus points unerringly
to the destiny of Missouri as a white Stale,
while South Carolina aud the others in that lat
itude are as evidently destined to be black
States. That is to say, in the one white will
be the predominant complexion, slid in the oth
er blaok. Missouri has 2 544 free colored peo
ple : in 1840 she had 1,074. She has 90.805
dwellings, by which is meant (hose of Ihe free
population, no aooount being luken of the n um
ber of those occupied by Ihe slaves, This fact
we were not aware of iu writing our former ar
ticles, in whioh Ihe proportion of people to houses
in the slave States was spoken ul. Missouri
counts, then, to her 100,834 free families, (slaves
ul course have no lamilies, Ihe patriarchal insti
lution conferring tint luxury on the patriarch
or master, but not on the slave,) 90,805 houses,
making about 4,000 cases in which there
more than on family to a dwelling; a smaller
number proportionately than in Vermont, Maine
or ii ew l orn, in niassacnusetis uiero are
192,143 families to 152,359 houses, giving 40,
000 families which lodge more than one under
a single root, lit Missouri there are little
more than 0 persona to house, and nearly 0
to a family. tMssssoliusells hat 0 12 lo a house,
alio; 0 is the average lo a family.
Missouri has 64,471 farms under cultivation,
or .one lo every 2 1-2 persons. This again shows
how near aha ia to being a free Stale. South
Carolina, the great strocghold of slavery, has
but one lo each 24, Missouri has one manu
facturing establishment lo every 225 persons,
while the old State of South Carolina has but
one lo each 405, and Maryland, another old
Stale, one to each 150. No woud.tr Missouri
is outstripping them. In this Stale tho deaths,
during the year 1850, were one to each 50 ol
Ihe population, lu Massachusetts Ihey were
one lo each 51 persons ) here the rale of mor
tality is frightful, worse even Ihan in Arkansas,
where it is one lo 54. The cause is mainly lo
be found in the climate of Ihe State, which is
at bad as can be imagiuad. Manufacturing em
ployments have a mora or less unfavorable in
fluence, but if Ihey alone could produce audi
mortality, we should see il repeated in HhuUe
Island, where, however, the deaths are only 1
in Massachusetts there are 17.000 more
males than females ; ia Mitsouri, 34,000 more
males that females, ll is singular thai, in every
Slate, exjept Massachusetts and Khode Island,
that we hate yet had ocoasion '.o speak of in
coiiiinen'mg on the census, the number of the
n - - -'
ruder culislderablv exceeds tint of the fairer I
; r I .
muiety of humanity
Tliuugh Missouri is a border Stste, the num
ber of slaves thai run away is small. 1 is 1800
there were only 01), or one to each 1,482 ( that
it, about one-third as many as iu Maryland
The luanuiniaaioiis in Ihe year were 04, or less
Ibau half as many as in that State.
As appeara above, Massachusetts has in
creased much more rapidly during the last leu
years than me ten years preceding, and Mis
souri much less. The reason of this we sup-
pose to be that, during a great part of the de -
I.. lil'ln . . Iu ,.. I:..: i
cade frum 1830 lo 1840, we were living under
the compromise larifl, which caused bankruptcy
and rum, stuped our lautones and furnaces, and,
as a natural consequence, dispersed those who
had worked iu them, and had beeu consumers
of food, to the new regions of the West, there
to become producers of food and competitors in
the grain marketa of the world with the far
mers they left behind them. Under this ten
dency the relative growth of the new States
was astonishing, liut after 1842, we had four
years ot protection, and these lour years pow
erfully checked ibis impoverishing movement j
of dispersion. The consequence is that, while;
the old manufacturing Stales have gained iu
their rutiu of increase, the new agricultural
Stutes have fullen off, and the growth of popu
latiou has bemi more equally distributed. This
fuct would seem loshow, beyond dispute, the
beneficent iulluence of protection upon the
Dwellings in the Stale 152,35!)
Families iu the State 192,243
White Males 483,400
White Females 000,055
Total Whites 984,016
Colored Males 4,348
Colored Females 4,515 .
Deaths during Ihe year
Farms in cultivation
producing :f500 and upward
Dwellings in the State
Families in the Slate
White Males 212 980
White Females 279,082
Free Colored Mules
Free Colored Females
Total Free Colored
Deaths during the year
Farms iu culivution
producing $500 and upward
Runaway Slaves in 1850
ELECTIONS IN TEXAS.
Nrw Orleans, 18th Aug.
We have dates from Texas to the 10th, giv
ing full returns of the late election in that
State in ten counties.
Peter H. Hell, for Governor, has 1,200 ma
jority ever all opposition, and is doubtless elee-
-? ,r .i r . i. i.
leu : anu uui. Liniuerswaru, vimuunii emu-
led Lieutenant Governor. Riohardson Seary.
Democrat, is elected to Congress in Ihe r irsl
District. Voluev E. Howard, Democrat, iu the
Second District, by from two to five hundred
Ualveston, Aug. 10.
Returns received give Bell, Whig, for Gov
ernor, 3,400 majority over all opposition.
Ntw Orleans, Aug. 10.
We have dates from El Paso lo 23d ult. The
Boundary Commissioners, near the river Gila,
had discovered an important error in Ihe boun
dary line, being ten miles from the new buun-
Nashville, A ug. 22.
In Knoxville District, Churchill's (Demo
crat) majurity for Congress over Anderson
(Whig), is said to be 12; this will make the
delegation stand the same as in the last Con
grass. Campbell's majurity fur Governor is
between 1,600 and 1,700.
Vote run Governor and Lieut. Govern
or. We published a telegraphic dispatch from
tranklorl yesterday morning, wlncii siaieoj me
official majority for Powell in 90 counties at
B31. Ills vole will be published olliolalty on
the first Tuesday in September by the Secreta
ry ol state. Ihe Yeoman of Yesterday says i
"All tho counties are official but Pike, which
leaves the result, Powell, 04 291 Dixon 53,400;
majurity for Powell, 831. Letoher, not heard
from. 'We doubt if Letoher sends in her ofh
ciul vote ; she never has hut once, and that was
in May last. If she does not, Ihe majority will
stand as it is, 831. If she does, il may reach
1,000 for Powell; we think uo more than 950.
Thompson 53,344, Wicklitte 47,190; majority
fur Thompson., 6,149." Louisville Journal.
Another mode of deiiioiiairalisst III
t; it nil's MoihiIoii.
It ii announced that a Professor in Hut
gerS College hu devised a new mode of
demonstrating the rotutiun of the earth,,
which is even more beautiful than the eel
ebruted pendu.um experiment, and which
inuy be practiced in any oidinury room.
The raiiunale of the American experiment
bus not yet been given, tluit we know of,
but the iN. Y. Sun describes the apparatus
an simply a large, light wooden wheel, ly
ing horizontal, uud ttuspeuded in its centre,
which has a Docket, renting on a steel point
like n Compaq needle. The wheel is accu
uilely balunced, nnd fiee to turn on its
centre: and il actuuily dues turn from lelt
lo right, like the hands of a watch, with
out uny moving power whatever being ap
plied. At the risk of being laughed at by the
man who writes philosophy lor the) "Union
ist," we will attempt an explanation of
this wonderful experiment.
It will be easily perceived that as all
purls of the earth revolve round a common
, centre in the same spuce of time, that such
portions thereof as lie nearest the equator
must of necessity move luster thatt slicrt
! portions thereof as lie nearer the poles.
j This follows from the fact that the euutorh-
ul regions in these revolutions (being great-
er iu circumference t!iun the polar), hrtce1
lo travel a greater distance in the sumo"
time, which '.hey can only do by a more
rapid motion. The same must of course
be true ol the bodies that lie on the earth's"
suifuce their sides which lin nearest the'
equator move faster during the eaith's rev
olutions than do the opposite sides, next to
the poles, because they move through a
luruer circle. II u lurire wheel be laid up
. 0n the eurfh, ull parts of il partake of the-
. . ....
earth s motion in consequence ot the mo
tion exerted upon the under side of the
wheel; uud of course, although the equato
rial side of the wheel in moving round the
earth s pole luster Hum the polar one, yet
uo motion of eithei the eurlh or the wheel
will bu perceptible.
Let now the wheel be balanced on its
hub, in such a munner ns to permit the
most perfect freedom of motion the wheel
still being hoiizonul the wheel will then
only receive motion irom the earth through
t1B mtdiuin of tliu buluncing point at its
centre. Consequently, its
polar sides will move around the earth's
pole with eipitil speed, uud the wheel in
stead of revolving on its own axis also, will
reitiuin relatively fixed, while the earth re
volves beneath il.
There is no doubt but in a vacuum, every
tiling would lake place as here described.
Whether, us asserted by the Professor who
devised the experiment il will succeed in
free air, can only be determined by actual
trial. Mor. Journal.
Noam Carolina Election. From the first
Congressional district of this Slate, where Mr.
Clingmaii is opposed by Burgess S. (Jaither,
both Whigs, we have no information. In Ihe
.,....,i .i r.,ii. a,.iroi. I...-., i. v rvi.i aii
"J amtt T Morehead, Whigs, being without
iwiilur ininosilion. urn of course elected. Wm.
S. Ashe, Democrat, is re-elected without oppo
sition, iu tha seventh district. We have before
mentioned the election ol Alfred Dockery,
Edward Stanly, and David Outlaw, all Whigs,
' iu the third, eighth and ninth districts.
the Iwo remaining districts, (the lil'tb and sixth,).
Uemocruts must be elected, as there were no
Whig candidates in the field. So that Ihe dele
gation from the State will consist of six Whiga
and three Democrats. Mr. Dockery'a majority
in the third district, over Creen W. Caldwell,
the lute member, is estimated by the Fayette
ville Observer at from 1,000 lo 1,000 votes,,
which it pronounces to be a glorious Union
victory. Nat. Int.
Henry Clat and the next Presidency.
The Lexington Observer and Reporter, speak
ing ofthe movements now being made in favor
of certsiti gentlemen aa candidates for the next
Presidency says :
"We look upon it as utterly unwise in either
paity to stir Ihe question of the Presidency at
this early time. But as we have no right to
make any suggestions exocpt in regard to the
party with which we are identified we will say,
aimply, that its continuance in power, in the
Executive branch of the Uovernment, depends
upon the judgment wilh which the Whigs art
during the next six months, ll may be that
the next session of Congress will develop a
slate of things which will demonstrate the abso
lute neoessitv of calling to the Presidency tha
man to whom in every trial all eyes Seem !o
utn ,nd invoke hi interposition to save thi
Li,in should this take ulsoe. it will be dom
hy tue UrUa oo-operaiion of both parties, and
thus put an end to party landmarks aa they
have existed lor twenty-live years, w newer
the health and strength of the illustrious patriot
will allow this gloriuus termination ol his pub
lic career, is of course, in the womb of time.
That a vast majority of Ihe American people do
earnestly desire this consumption, there is to
our minds not a shadow of doubt. But wa too
well know the power of party discipline lo put
full faith in the accomplishment of thia noble
end. Yet, whilst Henry Clay lives, his friends
will not yield the hope, nor cease their effort
lo put him where he may do far more fur tUf
country than the Presidency could oonfer re
nown upon lim.
We hope no one will indulge the supposition
for a moment, that Mr. Clat know any thing
of what we choose to write. He will, we
doubt not, make known his viewe ai.d inten-i
lions, if it be necessary, at Ihe appropriate time
and iu a proper manner. All that we desire,
now is to give it as our oonviction, thai in the
elements vow at work in Ihe struggle for the
Presidency, the name of the patriot of Ashland)
is not an unforgotteu one."
Supreme Court It has been well sor-
tuinect at JefTersuii City, that William Scott
has been elected, JuJge of the Supreme Court
of llus State, Hi majority will be about five
hundred over Judge Nation. The court will,
therefore, for the next six years, be composed
of Messr. Gamiile, Rvland and Scott, an e
ble und upright Bench. Republican,
The Lady's Book for September it received.
It seems even letter then usual.