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Hannibal journal. (Hannibal, Mo.) 1852-1853, February 26, 1852, Image 2

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JOURNAL AND UNION.
-, FEBRUARY , ISSfc.
M!M v KrT, at Ite limim etecalaa. M,
fy W t' arMrl4 to aa
ar ft l. f)Alt.lty ra
Ml a ) eaaariiw Awn
styl
A.MADOOX
Halt tonal y Wtoajr Maeiing
The Whis of Ralls county will meet at New
London on the fourth Mencfay in March, to ap-
jwrtrrt dVicgrJe to the Mate Convention.
1f wrli fnty Whig meting.
The Wfc'"g of Marion county will meet at
Palmyra on tbo firt Monday in April next, to
appoint delegates to the State Convention, and
to 'mike arrangement for a County Conven
tion lo Ruminate candidate for the Legislature.
IT A QUARTERLY MEETING of lb M. E.
Owwk g.,ata wilt coinraenee at their church in this
-ity, Friday, the STTlh at 7 'dock, P. M.
Tb sseviiiig will eontiou wr (I day.
Freachiwg.
...I .lt;T-.CofKa wiU peach to to eWeohd
Frenbyteriaa Charch ot Hannibal, next Ssbbath, at the
Mual bonr.
Afio, there will be preaching in lb Second Presby.
Uriao Church, evrrj Sshbath, by different minuter,,
. Hj.xuai, Ftbnwry 26lh, 185J.
FaiacHift at rna CaaitTiAR Chcboh. A
paper h been circulated to obtain subscriptions
lor me purpose or raising a aalary of even bun.
Arm ) - I ' T' ; 1 r
" w cioiu xmer mioses iaibd aa a
permanent minister in the Christian Church of
this city. The amount will be doubtleat made
up. Mr. Laiao haa received a fine education.
. i . I.
uu unuersiooa io.dc an able preacher.
FM-mMSMeaT.Weaie requested) to state
inai tne Vocal and Instrumental Conceit an
nounced last week to ba given at the Second
Presbyterian churchy on the Jrtth (ttvttorrow),
haa been postponed two week,.
For iht Journal and Union.
Circuit Attorney.
Ma. Eritrea.
Hiving learned lhal ft I, th parpoaroCoor present
Circuit Attorney, A. W. Lam; Kq., nort bt a can
aidate for reflection ia November neat, I would most
(epeetfully invite th attention of the people of this
Cirenit to L. L Hawaiat, of Wmyra,(j. a gentleman
of fine talents, onimpeachabl moral character, and
eminently qualified to discbarge the duties of Iht office.
FaaacAiv tJJ, 1852.
Strong laaJiiccaacat far ClatM.
We offer to single aubacriberf, a copy of Sar
Uin't JiTagtttine, and on af tnia" paper one year
for three dollar just tie aubacription pt ice of
rr. 1 a . f . I
paying or remitting to u lsnngtb montha of
March, A pnl or May, the sum of fifteen dollars
with the name of five nets $nBeriBer$, can have
forwarded aa he may direct, five copies of Sar-
... .uujonw, na ne oi ine Journal and
Union, besidet a copy of "Sartam," one year
for himself, grau. These offers we are enabled
to make by a liberrl arrangement with the pub-
im a .1 . . . .
iisncr or uiai magazine, witn a view to ex
tending our subscription list. Subscriptions for
aingle subrcribers or club will receive no at
tention, unless accompanied by the money.
Sartain'a Magazine, ia the best publication of
the kind iu the United States: containing better
tones, more useful literary matter historical,
religious, biographical, etc a larger number
and variety of engravings, and better executed;
and more reading matter, (the March number
baa seventy-five pages, closely, clearly, and
ittamiiuiiy printed; comprising the most inter-
-ft noijr, uum uie comicalities oi "faciL t
JorUoIio,.' to the most serious sjbjeot of hu
man thought.
In conclusion, we may remark that Sortain's
Magazine is more eagerly and extensively iW
rowtd than any periodical among our exchange.
Th Tea Party, last Ttanraday Evening.
It has seldom been our good fortune to witness
a table so luxuriously or so tastefully furnished,
as that aboye named. The supply would have
been sufficient for double the number who at
tended. The room wa elegantly decorated.
Wa understand the Church will be benefited a
bout one hundred and ixty or eventy dollars,
including twenty dollars received at the child
ren' ten cent dinner party, given next day.
improvement.
This is a stirring age; and we live in a stir
ring town. It is an active, noisy age, and our
city is rapidly, we had almost said, uncomforia-
progressive. All around and above us is a
racket of hammers, saws, planes, trowels, and
all the infernal machine invented for quiet
people' annoyance. They have involved u in
such a. date of confusion that we don't rightly
know what it is all about, but have an indistinct
impression Unit they are trying to pull the house
down,or carry it off.or perform some uch exploit.
Property eem to be a shifting a the bottom
of the Missouri river) we had scarcely got com
fortably fixed in our present office, when
Qoabi.es & CALowcLlbought the whole house
and lot, intending toopena mammoth assortment
of stove and tin ware. The end will probe
Lly ba that we must move somewhere else
but there are two clothing stores; a fancy boot
and slioe (tore; a Urge dry -good (tore; and we
don't know how many more business establish
merits, beside many families all coming here
In the spring. Of course we must all havedwel
Ijng houses and business stands. Capt. A. S.
Robabp and others, wt understand, intend buil
ding, for rant, in the priL"2 m we noP8 tne
demand for house will be ji,:liea. . At pres
ent, there appear to bo evcraj applicant for
(rravy Loijf a that can la retted,
JOURNAL AND: UNION HANNIBAL, MO., FEBRUARY
Intervention.
This new doctrine finds in Kossuth a power
ful advocate. The jrfinciple advancH by him
"let, That every nation ha a tiaht to
determine for itself its own infernal policy: and
neowKi, uim me violation of that right,, on the"
pn or any ioregn power, justifies rnd eaOtfnr
umimenemicnoi other nations, to preventer
rectify such violation." The question docs not
turn upon the abstract right set forth in the first
proposition, for that, we presume, nobody Ques
tion, i be second is fine in theory, but prac-
ucaiiy viuixotic. We may possibly have
naked right to interfere between Austria and
Hungary, but at the earn time it is impossible
that such interference can be af any advantage
to ns or Hungary. We have certain Republi
can principles, constituting the best and the
happiest form of government, it is possible to
conceive, for a people audi as those of the
United States; but history has proved that to
free a nation unfit for liberty is to unloose wild,
untameable, bloody -mouthed anarchy. How
much practical information have the best in
formed men in our country, of the actual state
of thiDgs in Hungary? We know that under
our form of government this country has grown
Ta.'-Vrwywea v.;c,ai5fu.Ky,ad thai we M - joy
a a people, a greater number of blessings than
any other, nation tinder heaven. Naturally and
properly enough, w desi re. to see this form of
government with it accompanying blessing,
spread over the world as rapidly and aa fully as
possible. But Austria, Russia and Hungary
are all unprepared for liberty; they are behind
France in intelligence, and she has not general
intelligence enough to retain freedom. We
propose, then, to interfere where interference
may not increase the happiness of the people, if
successful, and if a failure, would injure us and
doubly damn them. What do we know about
this man Kossuth, who claims to be the Go
vernor of Hungary, and who asks for bayonets
to' reinstate him in his office? His hold on the
confidence of hi countrymen at home is not by
any means a clearly ascertained and undoubted
fact. He is accused by a prominent actor in the
Hungarian Revolution, of unprincipled and vas
cillating policy while Governor; he is said to
have sought that office in the day of victory and
glory r and to have ingloriously abandoned it, in
the hour of danger, to a known traitor ; and,
anxious alone for his personal safety, hastily de
serted his friends, the army and his country,
and fled into Turkey, and that too, while the
power of Hungary wa yet unexhausted, and the
pirit of the people unbroken. PerhaD these
charge, are true; perhaps they are false; the
very doubt the character of Kossuth is involved
in, warns us not to hasten to place him in a
position by which it woaJd be in hi jw-cr tc
ieaa Hungary to a downfall worsethan the first.
Suppose the people, of that nation intelligent
enough for aelf-government, have they suffici
ent strength to maintain their independence,' or
must the United States forever be their guar
dian? A responsible charge, truly, and likely
to be both costly and troublesome.
Even if our intervention should not involve u
in everlasting European wars, a war with Rus
sia, alone, would be no child'a play, or of shor'
duration. The vast empire of Russia covers an
area which fills more than half Europe; with a
population of 62,000,000, she has a standing
army of above half a million, more than six
time aa numerous as that of the colossal power
ot ureat Britain; and no soldiers in the world
surpass those of the Russians in discipline;
hardihood and bravery. The Russian navy is
also forroidublc. They would be near home,
we at a distance. A for scaring Russia by
protest, that is all stuff.
We hod better, far, stand by the policy of
Washington. Let us be thankful enough for
me liberty we enjoy to preserve it. Let us not
recklessly plunge our country into the quarrels,
stormy political convulsions, anderhaps end
less war, which seem now impending over
Europe, and from whioh we might never emerge,
but through darkness and in despair. We want
no entangling alliances with foreign nations, we
want no fierce, long continued, and bloody war
with European powers; for through these our
own proud and glorious Republic may sink
down in ruins, and leave nothing on the face of
the earth, but the dust and ashes of liberty,
Cot. Bento.v. We
understand that Col
Benton will shortly open the campaign at St,
Charles. An invitation will be sent to him by
hi friend in this section, to visit thi oity.
li i expected that he will come here by land
from St, Charles, and tlen pfooeed to traverse
Mr. G reen s district. . The Bcntdn men are an'
ticipating pleasure from this visit; but the anties
no doubt, feel somewhat fidgety, if not decidedly
uncomfortable. We wonder if Mr. Green will
venture to meet him here or in hi own district
in debate? We guess not, for though the Anties
fiercely assail Bouton when absent, yet on his
approach, they have nothing to bet on the enme,
Indeed, so fur from "going anything belter," not
even an Jlniit is visible.
Hon. J as. S. Gbeek has been nominated for
Congress, by a Democratic meeting in Scotland
county, ...The -swne meeting appointed delegates
to their State, Congressional and Senatorial dis
trict conventions, and adopted a long string of
(trictly anti-Benton resolutions. This, the
North-East Reporter calls taking a proper course
to bring about a rc-union of the party.
Maj. Wm. J. Howell and Samuel M. Quirey,
Esrj., are proposed by correspondent of the
Paris Mereury, to represent Monroe county in
the Legislature. -
Tuanxs. We pro indebted to Hon. G. Poa-
teb lor 'ratent union uepori-t&yu-ot Me
chanical,' aitd for other public documents.
Mis4url Railroad.
We copy u another column the bill reported
by Mr. Hall, from the CumtuiUee on Public
Lands. It only differ from the Senate bill
which we published last week, in the uniting of
the two roads in one bill, and the alteration of
sections. In the Senate bill, tl.e fifth section
provided th&t if the Hannibal and St Joseph
Railroad should not be completed within ten
year, the state of Missouri should be bound to
pay to the United States, the amount which
might be received upon the aalo of any part of
the lands donated, and the title to the residue of
said lands to reinvest in the United States. In
Mr. Hall's bill it i only provided that "if said
roal be not completed within ten years, no fur
ther sales shall be made, and the land unsold
shall Tevert to the United States." Special cau.
tion, however is observed, to grant land only as
fast a it i actually used.
Another Democratic paper is to be started in
Blooming! on; (MiOon Co.,) Mo. The editor of
the Gazette (Democratic) says his paper has
been in operation there about two yer; he be
lieve he haa friend enough to sustain it; he
want no more finger in the Democratic pie in
- l1 i?8n ituia&'r ;spcr lul4 be stai
ted there, it is hi opinion there will be year. (
The new pre is to be published by. Fox,
Buchanan & Co., and is denounced by the edi
tor of the GasettQ a an attempt to break his
paper down. t ...
Gov. King ha mounted the slump, in Liv
ingston county.
NcwAaaxvAis atCquis's. See advertise
ment. ;
Tuarks. We are indebted to the kindness
of our friend, Mr. Geo. Lewis, for Into St Lou
is papers.
. Anebica Crystal Palace. The Crys
tal Palace in New York i to cover three acres,
or about one-seventh the space occupied by the
London Crystal Palace. Wood, glass and iron
will be the principal material used for the whole
structure.
St. Loci Times. Joun LoccnaoaocoH,
Esq, has retired from the editorial control of the
St. Louis Times.
Srxiiro Ta ade or 1852 Boots and Shoes,
Hah, Caps, and Bonnds. See advertisements
o NoTH & Scott, wholesale merchant of
St. Louis.
Moaz CtBTiricATrs. It will be een that
Mr. Cabteb Bbyar has added seme more
names to the testimonials in favor of his tnv
New Abvebtisem ehts. We advertise for
the proprietor, this week, a new hotel, at llunts-
ville, Randolph co., Mo; China, Glass and Ear
then Ware, at the large store of R. H. Miller &
Co., St. Lotiit; Clothing at the mammoth estab
lishment of Martin it Brother, St. Louis;
Stoves and tin ware, at the "Hannibal Stove
Store," by P. A. Hickman a new, large and
well furnished establishment; and the well stock
ed lumber yard of Thos. S. Miller. Considering
the fact that there is likely to be so much build
ing in the spring, it is somewhat singular that
Mr. Miller is the only dealer who seems to
have a stock of Itunber worth advertising.
The Harmonious Democracy.
The papers at the Capital are advocating "re
union," with a vengeance! Hear the Metropol
itan editor. It is all about their indebtedness
to Judge Glover's estate. It seems they have
both been feeding out of the public crib, but the
editor of the Metropolitan denies-that he got any
more assistance from the Secretary of the Trea
sury, than the editor of the Inquirer.
SThe ninny who publishes the Inquirer, is
out in his paper of Saturday last with a half
column of low-flung abuse of us. He says we
would have the people believe we were a bold,
brave manl We do not covet anv such charac
ter, and if we did, we should never expect to
get it by a dispute with one with as little sense
as a blind robbir. or a rotten oyster who is not
accountable for what he does, and will go to
heaven for the same reason babies do: but
when an infamous lie is circulated without the
least foundation, it will be found that we have
uiuuieiii courage to uenounce the author in
plain terms in the streets and through our pa-j
per. In his article he admits that ' his inform-!
ant were in error" in resrard to our owin!
il! - -' a - . l ., .
vi.uv a caiuie jfouu, uui ne nas "more
commence in their statement thau ours!" We
care not a button for thi poor fool' estimate of
our statement in thi matter. As to his asser
tions, we slate it without fear of contradiction
from any respectuble s'ourae, that there is,
not a free negro in the city, whose word will
not go farther in this community than the pres
ent public printer's.
He says we are a "sunrjliant tonl" n,l
j'knows us to be a sneaking coward!" If there
i a person in the State used as a "tool" and in
strument to do the dirty work of a few design
ing men, that man is the Dublisher of the, ul.e
jewn uujuiier. as io ins saying we are a
f" I . a . . . . "V
ancimig v-owaru, mo lucts will not justify
w.u .vi iiuu, i .a irue we nau io cram the li
down his throut, where it stuck ami at ill ..;.
and may have shown a want of courage in abu
sing one so contemptible, but think he is not
ine one lo compiuin or his own insignificance.
Any s-entleman wishim? to know our inii'.
edues toJudire Glover's estate. nrthn. h,:
torore connected with us in the Metropolitan
Uii ".m.uuii wj0 inn amount from his
bondsmen, the administrator, or from the clerk
of the county court. We are not ashamed to
let our private affairs be mule niihlm ,.,1 i
as little dread on thut score as the Inquirer man.
We notice a unanimous disnosltinti nr. ii.
part of the press throughout the other counties
composing thu Congressional District, toac.
knowledge Mr.. Milleb as the whi .in,li.iut.
for Congress at the next election, without 1...
. it j, ui u uniiiti vonvention. 1 lus meets
the hearty approval of the Whi of Le
L..
grunge iuiasourian.
Written for til Journal and Union,
MtiM written on ho death of Mi At
mftcinda JlcCaa, Monroe County,
i . Death has laid low the lotely form
That we have loved so fondly
She is gone, like the misty' morn,
And left her parents, lonely.
the was at dear as life to litem
They loved her but too dearly ;
How trying must hav been t o them
To lose Iheir child so early. - '
A few abort weeks, and she was here j
Her heart was full of pleasure
But God has railed, and she has heard
He's robbed them of their treasure.
She was a tender, fragile flower,
Just opened lo perfection
But, in a dark and hapless hour,
She's torn from their affection.
The Lord ts just and will do right,
Affords us consolation j
To Him be glory, power and might ;
He is our sure fori Dilution.
Important to.ine 80111 hern Democracy
We php the following choice information
from the 'NationalJEra.' The Abolition paper pub
ished at Washington the position of the Ohio and
Masracbi Democracy, end the churactct of
the Chairman of the national Democratic Con.
vention, are no doubt correctly set forth.
Tflassachnsett Democracy.
The Bay State Democrat, published at Lynn,
Massachusetts, apptoves the resolutions adopted
by the recent Convention of the Ohio Democracy.
It says:
"This is the position of the Democracy of
iMassachuspH;the ground taken bv Mr. Ran-
.--, uie aoie nepreseniauve rrom this district,
whom a few Democrat at one time undertook to
read out of the partyj but in doing o came very
near getting out themselves.
.Ojt may not be out of place to give at this
time a couple of short resolutions, written for,
and reported to, a Democratic State Convention
in this State, holdenin Sprinjrfield, September
19, 1849, by Hon. Benjamin F. Hallet. They
are as follows: -
"'Resolved, That we are oposed to slavery in
any form and collor, and in favor of freedom
and free soiljvherever man lives through God's
heritage.
" 'Resolved, That we are opposed to the exten
sion of Slavery to free Territories, and in favor
of the excerciseof all constitutional and necessa.
ry means to restri-jt it to the limits within which
it does or may exist by the local laws of the
State.' -
"Suoh were the resolutions written and re
ported by Hon. Benjamin F. Hallet, Chairman
of the National Democratic Convention, and
unanimously adopted. They expressed the sen
iimeiitl 9t h? Massachusetts Democracy then
and no less so now."
Cuban Prisoxebs lit SrAirr. In Senate, on
the 2d inst., the bill for the relief of the Cuban
prisoners was passed.
Hunt's Merchant's Magazine. We have
ieceived the February number of this celebrated
periodical. Its contents are the Free naviga
igation of the river Parana and its tributaries;
the culture of Cotton in Turkey; the Fisheries
of the United Stutes; commercial cities and towns
of the United States; Opdyke's Political Econo
my; Dr. Hare on the law of storms; Life insu
rance. IV. ,.i.!: 1, u.i 1 ...
! jmuiiJii uciuw, enougu 01 ine corres
pondence between Mr. Webster, Abbott Law
rence, and Earl Granville, to convey a perfect
understanding or the whole history of the affair,
and the manner of its settlement. The prompt
ana energetic course of the Administration can
not be too much praised:
From Ihe National Intelligencer.
The Affair of the Prometheus.
We give below the instructions of the Secre-
tary of Mate and the corresnondence between
the Ministers of the Government of the United
States and that of Great Britain in relation to
the recent assault upon the American merchant
srcamer rrometheus,inllie harbor of Grevtown,
wiiiuii una lusi ueen communicated to Contrress
1... (I. T :.i . o
"j uio a r caiueiit..
Washington, February 10, 1852,
To the Senate and House of Representatives.
I transmit to Congress a copy of the instruc
tions dispatched from the Department of State
to the Minister of the United States at London
respecting the attack on the United States steam
er "Prometheus," in the harbor of San Juan de
lNicoragua, by the British brig of war "Express;"
and also a copy of the despatches of Mr. Law
rence to that Department, and of his corres
pondence with her Britannic Majesty's principal
Secretary of State for Foreien Aiii T ..n .1 ...!
aame suojeci. . miLLAHD FILLMORE,
Mr. Webster U Mr. L
awrence.
Sir: I transmit a rnnv nf e .
iiaaimigion, uccember 3, 1851
dayandefthe papers therein referred to, ad
dressed to this Department by Mr. Josenh L.
unite, as counsel of the American Atlantic and
Pacific Ship Canal Company, from which it ap
pears that when the steamship Prometheus, be-
company, was under weigh at
San Juan del Norte for tl.e purpose of making
her hist voyage from thence to New York, the
city a ithorities of San Juan boarded her with a
police force and served a process attachment on
he ship and captain for one hundred and twen-tv-three
do ura. r k.. .t .. ... "
n,.H ,1 :.. i. YiT" - . l"ose. Minorities as
j w., ..1W, iUO capmn, relused to
pay.
a ..crcupun, me Lllglisl, brie-of-war P.
lying
ig in the harbor, immediately got under
Kb, made sail tor the aiP.m; ...i...
W6l
within a qiiartttr ola mile of her, fired a round
shot over her forecastle, and a few minute, af
terward. another shot over her stern, which
passed o near that tl.e force of the ball wa. dis
tinctly felt by several person. w board. The
captain ot the steamer then i,... i ,
the brig to inquire the cause of the firing. The
captain of the brig replied that it wa. to protect
hatVf Z .T ot G,rytown in their demand.;
that if tl e .teamer did not immediately anchor
he would fire a bomb.. II I, 1 '
dered bis gun. to ba loaded with amue and run.
lsier .not: The .teamer ih-n " "
anchorage and anchored. The brij, anchored vtrj
near the .teamer, sent a V.t on borJ tL l
... t . 4 ,,Mr ou a
wah order, that the fire, sh.uld baev.fJ
led, MdtoMjrUtoiwciflfcer wouij
u V LI. 1
ash-;
Wt (o
26, 1852.;
see that this wa done. The authorities im
cane on board, the amount dcmande.l wa paid
. al
unJcr protest, and the (learner was i-ormiueu
proceed to sea.- It .further appfnrs that the cap
tain of the Express acted under the authority
and by orders of a Mr. Greene, who claims to
be the British Consul at San Juan. ,
Tho President directs that you will lose ho
time in addressing a note upon thi subject to
Lord Palmerslon. You will inquire if the Cnp-j
tain of the Express acted pursuant to orders
from his Government, and whethe r his course
approved. Vou will state that if these questions
should be answered in the affirmative, the Presi
dent would consider the proceeding as a viola
tion of the treaty of the l9(h of April, 1850, by
which Great Britain has stipulated that she
would not make uc of ny protection which she
might afford Nicaragua, tho Mosquito const, or
any part of Centra' Africa, for the purpose of
assuming or cxercing any dominion over the
same.
If , as Mr. White says, Lord Polmerston in
structed Mr. Greene, in Ootober. 1850, not to
interfere with the vessels of the company, and
in November of that year again instructed him
to make Greyfown a free port, it is difficult to
believe that these instructions could have been
countermanded, as no cause therefor is known
fneviat.
Perhaps it may be said that, although Son
Juan bereirnrded as a fr;e,port,. that rly mean
tbai 110 duties oi imnort shall be levied or col
lected on goods, and docs not imply that port j
charge are not to be paid by masters of vessels
as in other ports. This Government however
cannot consent to the collection of port charges
at San Juan by British ships of war, or that
their collection ahould be enforced by them.
The occurence above referrel to has created
en ual surprise and rcirrct and has caused the
President to give immediate orders for the dig'
patch ot an armed yessel to S.n JunUi
I am, sir respectfully,
Your obedient servant, '
'DANIEL WEBSTER.
Abbott Lawrence. Esq., &c.
Mr. Laurence to Mr. Webster.
Legatiok or the United States, )
London, December 26, 1851.
Sir: Since I had the honor to address you on
the 19th instant, Viscount Palmerston has most
unexpectedly withdrawn from the Cabinet, and
Earl Granville has been appointed to fill the
office of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs,
and will receive the seals of office this day.
Lord f almcrston is said to have sent in his re
signation on Friday, the 19th, the day on which
I addressed to him a' communication upon the
subject of the firing upon the steamer Prome
theus by the British brig of war Express at San
Juan. I called at the Foreign Office on Wed
nesday, the 24th instant, and was informed by
Lord Stanley, of Alderley, the under Secretary
of State (who retires with Lord Palmerston),
that a reply to my note could not be given until
the installation of Earl Granville had taken
"lace, I shall address a note to Lord John
Russell and request an interview at his earliest
convenience. I hope to be able to transmit by
the next mail Earl Granville's reply, whose de
ci'icn n'u.1 be governed by thai of tiie Cabinet.
The immediate cause of the retirement of Lord
raimerston-is not publicly known, but rumor
with her thousand tongues attributes it to a dif
ference of opinion with the Cabinet respecting
the policy to be pursued toward the l- rench
Government since the coup d'etat of Louis Na
poleon. The Times, the Daily News, and
several other journals of the morning, will con
vey to you the various opinions entertained of
Lord Palmerston, and the causes that have led to
hi resignation. I am inclined to the belief
that the above rumor will be found to be true,
and that his retirement at this moment was as
Unexpected to himself as to the public.
I have ihe hoiiCT to be, sir very respectfully,
your obedient servant,
ABBOTT LAWRENCE.
To Hon. Daniel Websteh.
Secretary of State, Washington.
. 5
Mr. Laurence to Mr. Webster.
Legation or the United States,
London, Januarv 14. 1852.
Sin: I have the honor to enclose tn von n fur
ther correspnodence between Lord Granville and
myself, from which you will perceive that the
conduct of the officer commanding the 'Express,'
was disapproved by Vice Admiral Sir George
Seymour, in command of the British navnl fnrnpa
in the West Indies; and that her Majesty's Go
vernment approved the act of tho Vi CA Arlmiml
ana aisavow both the act of the commander of
ine "txpress," and the act of the Consul
an Juan; and further offer an nmnl nrmlr.
fnr tlio ;nf',:n . c . . 1 r e-J
iiiciiiciu ui uitj .reoiy.
I have the honor to be. sir. verv recnpntrullv
VAIIV w. . 1 J
ABBOTT I.AWBPvrt-
Hon. Daniel Webster, Secretary of State
Masningion, u. U.
Lord Granville to Mr. Laurence.
For ei c n OrncE, Januarv 10. 1852.
The undersitrned. her Itrit.ini; HT0i0i...
u-iciury 01 aiaie lor f oreign Affairs, has the
C . at-. 7 . ' - . "J-ty a
...mur 10 acquaint jir. Abbott Lawrence, Envoy
Lxtraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
from the United State of America, that her
""CT government have just received from
xt V., umlri11. commanding her Majesty'.
Naval Pnn.. Jr. iV. I.lT J. J
.1. 1 . . V c 1 1"",e8i report upon
the .ubject of the "Prometheus," whieh i. to the
..ow.ug e .m: 1 nat on arriving at St. Thoma.'
the Aumiral received a dispatch from the com
I;"" ,,'. "cr jciy stoop 'i;Xpres.,
stating tnat, on the rnriniaiiinn P if. r . '
Green, her wl.tjesty' Consul at Greytown, who
is also a principal offioer of the Jjsqui(0 Go-
VPmmont l...i 1 1 . 1 . .1 ""
-"- - puce, ue nail by Torce com
Z. . Amer,CM "teainship "Prometheus'
,X'; .lT,uues uemat'1 of her by the
..iiiri m ureyiown.
To this llt'snutnll A I
o . 1 j . . -nuinimi iir Sji-orire
iff : b?
: . 1 ,i , " nowieugo Her V.i.
her wUt estv a a ma in 1.- 1 1: .
vice. V.'"7CU ,n. slu-' r-
mJ. .::vv:,uv,ie ,lsca .. of
HrTtTiV .1 s "I DJ??' 01 U,e prewnre of
fend the rn.....!0" ole.
. luiiuuimiu. irom oggress v
ot the
w..,
Sir
bid.
uaui emu iivui.. r,.. . Ji.. 4
tie. lor , ' U". 'mW the levy of du-
Tl. . V . i""u overntiient.
lhe imdcrs)(?lle(1 la, nuw ,osl M
vZnwTTW0 U,e rli of hi." Go
ISt fee "r'verEment fully
maiiH ',CC Auu!lrt.1 " UI"'' i this
i.J .J,,i. . J ii.-i-jk.ow It.
1 MtlV. 1I1UL 1I1IV 1- ir I a. I m .( ....
io act
- ..u.i-iKo commuted i)y tn
commander of the
question rliliv- B "n
,.t....iiiK u aeiiieineni liv
lentUcoinmandero ZTrS!-
1 uirj
Mnjcty's Consili, under which the commander
acted, so ftr n lie acted by any authority deriv
ed from the Brilifch Urow n.
Under these circumstances, her Majesty' Go
vernment have no hesitation in offering an am
ple apology for that which they consider to hav
been au infraction ot treaty engagement; and
her Majesty's Givernti.cnt do o,' Without loss
of time, and immediately upon the receipt of
the official intelligence above alluded te, inas
much as in their opinion it would be unworthy
of the Government of a great nation td hesitate
about making due reparation when theacts of'
their subordinate authorities had been such at
not to admit of just ification. As her Majesty''
Government have full confidence that the Go-"
vernment af tho United States is actuated by a
similar feeling, they hope lhal thi mutual cm
fidencc will induce each nation to refer at ohcfr
to each other in all cases of such disputes; and:
until due time has elapsed for the necessary ex
planatioi.s to be received to defer taking any
steps which might lead to collision, and thu
much nggravate the original difficulty.
The undersigned requests Mr. Abbott Law
rence to accept the insurances of hi highest
consideration. GRANVILLE.
Abbott Lawrence, Esd,&,c., &o
Afr. lawrtnrtto Lord Granville.
Legation of Ihe United States, I
Januarv 13, 1852.
the nn(!er'Md, roy Ertraonlmary, and Minis
ter Plenipotentiary of the United Ststes, has the bono
to acknowledge the receipt of the note which Earl Gran'
urr .najrsiya rnncipai secretary 01 Mate lor
Foreign Affairs, addressed him on the 10th of January,
on the subject ol the course of the commander of toe'
British sloop "Expres" towards the " Prometheus."
The undersigned is gratified at the promptness with
which her Majesty's Government has disavowed Ibis
act, affer receiving Ihe report oi the transaction from
the Ad -nil al commanding on the station; and be doubts
nr I that lh apology offered for it will be received by
the Gove rmneitt ol the United 8tat.es in the flam anirift
which has dictated it op '.be part of her Majesty's Gov'
einm- t.
The iiinl'T?ii;ned hopes that the question undernego-".
tiation, alluded to in Lord Granville's note, out of
which the difficulty grew, may be speedily settled, and
mm iirieuiiri uirie Miijr uv iiu cause ui inisunuemanu-
iig between the Government of the United States and"
her Majesty's Government, eitherjin Central, Amer-'
ica or any other part of the world.
The undersigned renews to Earl Granville the assur-'
ance of his most dittinguishe'l consideration.
ABBOTT LAWRENCE.-
Earl Granville, 4c, 4.C., ,
Correspondence of the Missouri ftepublican.
letter from Washington.
Washington, February 12.
In the House of Representatives, to-day, Mr. Hall,
from he Coinui'ttee on Public Lands, reported a bill
granting the right or way, and a donation of lands, to
aid in the construction of the Hannibal and St. Joseph,
and the Pacific Kailroad C&m parties, in Missouri
The bill was read twice, and Mr. Hall addressed th
house, brietly, upon the merits, and against its reference
to the Committee of the Whole, where, it was feared,
it would be forever lost. The bill embraces these sec
tions :
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Represen
tatives of the United Slates of America in Congress
asscmblet, That the right of way through the public
lands be, and the fame is hereby granted to the State
of Missouri, for the construction f railroads from the
city of Saint Joseph to Hannibel, and from Saint Loam
to some point on the western line of said Slate and
said State shall have the right, also, to take necessary
materials ol earth, stone, timber, etc., fir the construe'
twn lhrnf,fr3nt!:cpal.;;c lamia ol Ihe United Stales
adjacent to said railroads i Provided, That th right
ot way shall not exceed one hundred reet on each side
of the line of the said roads and acopy oftbe suivev
of said toads, made under the direction of the Lecis
lature, shall be forwarded to the p'operioeal land off.,
ces respectively, a4 lo the General Laud Office at
W ashington City, within ninety days aP.er the comnle
lion of the same. 1
Skc 2. And be it further enacted. That there ba
and is hereby mauled to the Sta-e of Missouri, for the
purpose of aM.ng in making the railroads aforesaid
every alternate section of land designated by ivn
numbers lor six sections in w.dth on each sile ofs.id
roads-but in case .t shall appear that the United States
t.. v.. ii.icjui iuiilcs oi said roads
ted by the Governor oi s.d State8, .0 secT, ".E
to the approval of the Secretary of the Interio. from'
he lam!, of the United State, most eontigl". to th
,.. auu,c sjH-tineu, .0 mucii laud in all or.
nate sections, or parts of section,, as shall be equal ly
such .J.ids as the United States have sold, or to which)
the tight of ptb-emption has attached a, aforesaid
tiorM -k iu uir
11c 11 lauus (.itiua selectea in lieu of those ,old, and to
which pre-emptions have attached as aforesaid, togeth
er with the sections and parts of section, designated
by even number, as afore.aid.) and appropriated a
aforesaid, .hall be held by the State oMissouTi for
lie use and purpose aforejaidi Provided, That tho
land, to be .0 located .ball in no ce be further llrar,
Cf teen , mile, from the li... of Ihe road in each case, and
Provied further, That the lands hereby granted shalT
t wh T -f'y ,pp,"d '? ",e "nructLgof tnit rol?
lor which it was eranted anil a.u.i..i . "l . . . V
nPPfinrv In I . 1
throu7h , "B r ,,..'!U,.e ot. . "id railr
,0C"9 ."J" ot thriaid r
of way onlyballtagS:" WU'Cn ,b
Sec. 3. And be it f...tK-. ...
United States, with
aairl (n. .i.n .
th3n Hn,.ki. .... : "'"" not oesoi,
ahpnT. u"""n,"n P" of (he public land.
Sec. 4. Ami ha ;i r...ii .. .
and. hereby granted to ,h. said StaT..U W .ubTt
to the disposal of the Ugisl.tur. tbereof. f, ih. 3?!
pose, afofe,aid, and no otherad Ibe .'. I ,1 T
shall be. nd remain. rwwffinX for the u'?
the Government of ihJ I7ni..,i S.!yi.lor-tbe uw of
tur tbereof, for Ibe pur-
anrl lk : 1 .a
Sec. 5. And be it furthej enacted, That the l.n(l.
hereby grafted to said State shall be di.Led It h
a.d Slate only in manner following, that ,7o,.v?.h
aquantitv of land not . i" ,hit
twenty section, on each road, and it eluded within
certi-
twenty
A illlan.
tune to time uu.ild Voad U com, edr.'
road be not comnUi.,1 u,,n.; ,u ." la
man ka. l 1 1 "
' A':d be il fur( h'": fi-icled, That the Urn
ed Mates mail shall. t .11. k! " V'"'
saidratlraad, nn,!.. . 1": ZrZ
uirect.
- ,- ...... ,.ui.u 111 ico as Loiireas
law
i'o !hf bill ilnn r. 11,. i.l Mr u . . .
ad..ional sec,i;,, pvid,, ii., M.VSairT' Z
uansier I lie lands ui. iilumt-il
any or cornouii,,,,. , o.n , t " ' 'v co'"-
actual .ettlers, u, ,,, q,MlllI,lw , ,,7, j ""I"
hundred andle..tv 1.- . . ..
Ul PUKI.PS.of Miminiiri ). .
I section, in .iW iT. 7 "T0 ,on
pJl,r' ' u,e'"l,ne"'. well as thai of Mr
I it t.Lrs. e eiiB-ii.iiniB.,1. 1.. ," mr:
Itatlroa. hi-l 3 " .. ."" Vlil.ai
li i 1..11 ; .i.uum rninatua n a tested
It is be ler, it seems to .,. to faU. ih. .., T ,k i .
udu ui i. a li 1 imp iui.i..... :. ...
at
ill
each
ra .1V
meijr uy me autnority ateresai.1, sold anv sec.
on or any part thereof granted, aa afo.e,aio or that
right of pre-emption has attached to th same, then
wen-
fvtothe S-ri.r r . hi 1 r.."":""?. "''"ll
,a:d.ro,,:, "completed, then nb lib
01 lauu llercuv arai,l,l
nS. TI.I..1 I.. a...n . a . .
K uii... I . ' r ' "t , -'ie 10 iiioscriba
Kailroad an aninunt nf ...... J - 1 . '
niBu mo rwjuuaion frm her
Wad donated for ihi, pu.'S. ;j S ,!

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