Newspaper Page Text
HANNIBAL JOURNAL, SEPTEMBER 8, 1853.
. ; j
SATdlMAY F.VKNUNU, H". PIE MB. It. '"53-
aHaSR Al Lit 0 Al) if ROM FAJ.KTRA 10 ftVCTo
In snollier column will be found V "rlict
on froth lh Palmyra Wbijr.V. -j--',,'''
will be at once whelly destroyed, or that tie-1
prayed appetites can in that way.be. rnn'f.iut. .rJ
'" " inhibitory law rest unon tl.
... -if forbidding men from puttint -jheir
neighbor' lip. The mors'
enaoted this. Ii there C-
Frotu (ha Psmyis Whig.
DOWN GO TttE PRICESII
- When ibiiska shall be settled, nnd
people shall desire to en'.cr this Union n
State, it li the riht of the people Aft foini
their iiniituiioiii u nU themstrT'i;. They
may adopt slavery n " of tlieV institu
tion, or they may fg it, n tljry shall
Uem expedient. II it is iho wil' -1 a ma-
ioritv of the reo; l? id tho - v.3rf, at
ihalVnne to exclude slavery, be it so. It is
Ihrir busine", not ours. Let 'hem present
us with n republican foun of Government;
this i nil that wliould be nsked. I would
vote Hs adtui.isw.ii inti the I'moii. llie
Territories of the United States, prepara
tory to their adniisisoti Into the Union a,
Slate. Imo th liubt to form their own
Institution-'; a) much ro as Stales of the
Union hmo a tiht tu chunga their insli
Na person wul Joubt the rizht of South
Carolina to abolish slavery 1 None will
doubt the .right f Massachusetts to estab
lish slavery. The Territoiies have the
ame richt when they form their Connitu
tions, and a k edmi on intu the Union
asStates. Now am 1 understood? Is there
anything doubtful in my position? 1 will
- thank any gentiemau to catechise me, that
J-faay' be clearly and distinctly under
" stood, for I desire upon this question l be
understood. 1 know that my opinions op
en this subject have been by tome misun
derstood, by . others misrepresented. No
person-questions me. Then 1 am under
I now, ftllow citizens, call vouf attention
'to a letter of Col. Benton's to certalT "j-ti.-tlemen
of Co'e cou.ity; then more es,cial
ly to a letter of his, to citizens of Monroe
county, (the Col. is indefatigable in writing
letters). In the former letter, he gives it ns
his opinion that certain portions of the
Nebraska Territory are open to settlement
vby white men, and advises them, if not di
' rectly.at leaiU indirectly, to settle it. I
jailed upon tor my opinion in relation
Is the Iasmicave u as my opinion
on a " ; . ..... lossuoin
was ut. Anuinnot, I tiunic, w:4iown to
the. petitions in the Lord's Fray nt- verv
rjc jioriani wai, - jeuu m 1101 iniq cession
ask hundreds of men, in their, o scttle-
iiviat Mfvtbink of temptation ? HeatC lndinii
. . . i i
ijINIntter cunt! unon the man )0WIC(le
ot iheJvir iipt, upon th- ccn .o i-
.. U M 3 VVII.'II'M
known araong men, than T
te a greater wrong than the
in heir way t
j Trnmiif'- JOTlfWAtTSErTEMqEB 15. 1853.
norantly of'K . . ,
linuall this fcri itui into an "Indian ler-
liiorv." Thft Ai l 'Joes no such thine. It
neither rives it to the Indians in general,
nor to any tribe in particular, iur makes it
territory for Indians.-'It leaves all be
longing to the United States except what
was reserveil by treaty or ceded by treaty.
I he only ctlect ol tlie Act was to have it
considered in law ns Indian Territoi j and
to aiiuox it judicially to the Missouri Ju
d'u iul District, for the 8itii'le purpose of reg
ulating Indiau trade upon it and punishing
ciimes committed upon it.
Th Col. informed the people in his Knnn
snceoh. that the Ose and Kansas tribes in 1825
and the Pawnee in 1833 ceded nil iheir land
south of the Pintle and out to the Red River,
and up to the hc. d of the Kansas, &.C. Well,
I this true and evr) body knew it before the
Col. tola them of it. W. for what purpose
was the cession made? Did such treaties open
the bind for immediate settlement by white men
at that time, or nt tiny time sinoe? This is the
question. 1 say no. L-ol. Uonton says yes. I lie
terms ol tlie lreuV wim ine rawntn in ioqj
are in these words: "Art. 1st. The confedera
led bunds of the pawnees aforesaid hereby cede
and relinquish to the United States all their
right, title and inlerst in and to all the land ly
insr south of the riutte river. Art. 2JV The
land relinquished and ceded hereby, so' far ns
the same is not, and shall not be assigned to an y
tribe or tribes, shall reinnin a common liuniiniz
ground during the pleasure of the President, for
by tho decision of the Courts.
r..m inn rM.tri-iiirv in
Wkcn I receive it, I will Bikltio favor 01 irienu
Park to publish it in his very respectable p-'per,
; jt the information of all concerned. I have I!0
prido of. opinion in the matter. I care not
urhpiliitr Cub Itmiton should be right or wroncf.
It.dced I rsther Impe he may be right. Many of
our oitizena are anxious to go into that country..
I trust that ,they maybe gratified. But Col.
Denton says llurt the opinion I expressed, dis
simlinrt from him was calculated "lo do great in-
iurv 1.1 tl.n r,(.l nf the State." Now I do not
J ''" , ., ...:. ...... ..!,-
see how mv omnton can ao uie leum iniui r i
people of the St site. If the net upon ii tliey c..n
sustain no injury, whether it be wright or wrong,
lint if thev act unon Col. Uer.ton's opinion and
he should be mistaken in the law, then they will
sustain great injury. For it is no small mutter
for poor man to leave his honie in Missouri
an4 travel humlrels or nines inio me juui.m
country and then bs driven back. 1 have wit-
nessec sucli scenes', ana would oe veTy hhwm
I expect on as-luponany vote llit I lwi given one speech that I
a few week.?- have made, one act ll,., 1 have done to sustain
their charges, my tpjirovai ui
i..c..ii...rn hlre Coffered ns evidriiceof the
. , --m,J r
Cfc KM K X , KOITQIS AKII ,P'K
the Pawnees and ol her friendlyIndians who
Plmrap. above alludfl to. 1 lial ajxress -con i- MONDAY. SEPI fcMUMt 1-'. tooo
taln-d nothing butif.rrative of gricvauoes- in-
flirted b ;'e Norltnlpon tne douiii j uicit .-g-.
'.i'.h.-rsi-. This was all, a very
i, ,n.;ritv of ii the Smilliern men then in
rv...i umpll fill Till II. I
v-w' 'h . " V.i :llrir,ii States-
I . nnmfllnB I 11 n HI SI 11,"""
nandpnrestrJriot.ofthe Foil'!'. At the
ad of the lift Hinds the name of V lLtl!
tr .... li I,,iit.i1 V ten rrcsulcnt. wno
wn Voted for if sustained for that high oflice
b the very tiff who condemn me. I could
mention other) iho hold the highest places of
honor and triniin the Government, who signed
that paper. FtUow citizens, I win give un o n
line of my rrf rks in writing to Mr. Park Tor
publication yds excellent and useful paper,
d.oi m niv'ains on the topics dictiscd to-day
m.v .liniinAibe'iinderstood a-id ree n!e 1. 1 h.ive
Mains Liquor taw.
We (lid not know that we had been requested
to publish the article below, until we saw it so
stated in last Saturday's Tri Weekly incs
senger." There was somo conversation in rela
tion to its publication, and we stated then, what
vvp repent now, that it would prove nothing, i or
nobody in ihis community knows John Neal or
John Smith ehlu-r assuming tho latter to be
die name of he editor of the Boston Transcript.
They may bo rcliablo men 'My may not be
.si i ii'ilii ipr
. 1 -SI
bng to bear the ciht of all the fur,es of men. o ., JtZXlZ
, anil cniurcii, which win oe hcuijcu ..i.... -j- nJ --. .,.,,,,,i
d of the honorable gentleman it he should live l.csrJvou have , given in. J ""
taken in hi. opinion. I, therefore, again,! are es.Jlly due to the ladies wlio, haxe
ii, ;t of rln'mo "rrrnL miiirv to the people honored
with their presence on this occa-
f. r- - -, .
f it,. S!i " mlvieft ihem not to act upon me ; sion
opinion of ourjld Senator until they hear lur-
Tht Epidemic at ths SouUi.
Tlie.v'tchez Courier ot the Znd has tne 101-
Tit FrviB lit Natchez. By the Sexton's
). will be seen that the interments lor
4 s back have been 27, of which 22 were
If Col. Benton should be right in his opinion
he will lia've white and red men mixed together.
Indeed -we will hare abelt of country on the bor
ders'of, the Slates of Missouri and Iowa, lillsd
with Indians; and west of the Indians a layer ot
whites, and then again a layer ofj Indians. We
know without conjecture what will be the state
of the case. There will be difficulties without
end. The savage and civilized man can not
Hot. rpllnvv.nitiiens. I will now eive you
l-rt ..: ..r.KA T) Ilrsxil In .minppt thft
vtlnv nf il.i Misissinni river ai-LthJJ-. August 10 toSeptember 1, (both inclusive,! 17
poasl I am in c.mstruction ef such I days, have been 92. Of these about .
froiellew fever. Of these last, 20 were of
and 2 of nenroes
?as generally understood yesterday that
tad been a alight but favorable change;
new cases were spoken of, and the inter
nists decreased from 11 te O,
Tlie number of interments in Natchez from
. jon. not only between CoTTt
Iter tetmeC1 tTWiC- Pejjfc,
after ttM thrift. V, rcTraVi"'- "yfcj'r mw
er contributions, wtucu shall W" w" i
we can find room for them
ton is Ov-mim ol
23" We have found Bandindustry a
editor ef the Courier who exTnd upon all
Acuity about understanding ouSjNiig hias
temperance question, or who imagi t"Sl'""
hare been inconsistent. He seems ttTte1'?' e
Kt.tfl,Aa.l0it btiAtil it l.uf tiiinA nnfl mnfiAnf afiir
..... , , .. 71 wS by both parties so understood, and not fc
may enable him to comprehend the entire ab-j J seUli white inen. And i
ence of any propriety in unking questions ofL
State or national legislation with a perfectly
separate, distinct, city local question.
r. For the Jourusl.
Ts the XiiUtrs ot th Coarisr oa " Vers law."
I answer the right to sell rum is not a pecu
liar right under our national or State institu
tions, and a prohibition of that right does not
violate those Constitutions. .Again, in coming
into society we must relinquish many rights
thus, the right to drive through our streets as
fast as we please, and to sell in market what
we please end when we please lastly, many
other right are restricted by law yet who
questions such restrictions, as unconstitutional J
There hare been numerous decisions upon this
right by our Supreme Judges in favor of the lav,
but what has that to do with the prohibition of
dram shops, any more than with faro tables end
bawd houses. This is an objection which can
not be divided. The argument lias no partial
application. You must repeal at onee all your
hundred statutes against vices of all descrip
tion or you must apply the principle to all. If
you do not prohibit the liquor seller, what a
gross injustice you are doing to these gamblers,
who irou are punishing with plenary vengeance
from court to court. This argument has no
meaning unless you repeal all human Uvs
Tbey are nil founded onJjicuuritiy west of
IiSsfturl, to New' Mexiceand Utah; and 1
have the gratification to inform you again,
(as I informed the people In my speeches
' at Kansas, West port and Independence,)
that there is nothing 'he state of our In
dian relations to prevent it. I informed
them that the Osage and Kansas tribes in
1825, and the Pawnees in 1S33, ceded to
the United States all their lands south of
the Platte, and out to Red river, and op to
the head of the Karnas;'ind that after re
serves to some tribes imd grants to others,
there still remained, belonging to the Uni-
. (ad States the greatest part of the Territo
ry to ceded; and that it was a violation of
-o Indian right for our citizens to go and
iii nnu where within the limit of that
great cU'sion wbi:h had not been included
' in a reserve or grant to the Indians. Mr.
Atchison has denied uii this, and made a
ere'at parade of the pains and penalties,
military unu Civil, wmm ui-j nutcn wwuiu
incur bv actinz on my representation ol
- the state of the country.
' "In consequence of this contradiction, nnd
' .. not because bo contradicted me, but be-
cause it was catcuiateu to uo a great injury
.to the People of Uie State, I have applied
to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs here
for the infoi'ir.alion which his ollies con
tains, and which being ollicial may defy
contradiction horn any quarter. "1 sent
him a map of the Uiited Slates with the
leuuest that he would mark upon it the out
' line of the threo cessions by the Kansas
Omite, and Pawnee, and lay off within
H jhe reset v an,J grants made in favor of
.ndianw " he hqs done, and I have sent
hs man lo St.
published for the ru-,. inf",,,. ,
Jhow. tUt a much lea po. ,9 , of he coun.
try Im been reserveu or cdta 0 t)ic j
trw strip to th. Itla wares does iM
-oucli tia oinoay "-'. or the Uraud
b permitted by the President to '
Surely there is ni'ld--s'lreaty with the
Pawnees whi.'V.0"': Denton views
On the con everything l against It. All
the larv""01' hy Mie Pawnees which "is nol
J.u sliu 1 not be aSstirneJ to any trine or tribes,,
shall remain a common huniing ground, &c."
The land was granted, not for the purpose ol
settling white men in it, but for tther purpnsof.
The I real Us with the Osagcs and Kansas ce
ded Iheir. hinds, after making certain reserva
tions to tU'e.Uniled-States, without reservation
on the face of the treaties, it is true. Bui I will
venture jfo say, without having access to the
documents el this time, that the object of the
purchase or those lands by the United States
froinlhe Kansas, Osnges and Pawnees, was for
the -purpose of locating other Indians; and that it
ie purpose ol settling winie men. ahu in
tribes of Indians were removed from
Why, aCcwrn, North-western and Southern
ing house anyl?d on those very lands. Such
by leaving all the P"c7 "l
, , , rernment and the Indians
miasma that would beier peaceably and quiet
neighbor. Let me ask, i.en, and to settle them
slaughter house that did or cof ' a country
: t l --un white ine"
. , ancient a"
poverty, such sweeping destrucU, -ul tlie
dear ties of families and friends anf""' .to Ue
a liquor-selling establishment P OhI or
country." When by paying a tribut
State treasury the liquor seller can 825 and
sweetest bonds of social life j can causi Osagcs,
fie tjrencral Government for that pur
- ... .....I
pose. .lwiilVOieioappropri.no laim nuu inu
iipv.. I believe it absolu'elv necessary for the
preservation of the integrity of this Union. I
believe it necessary for the promotion of com
merce and indispensably necessary for the de-
Chinee of the Pacific coust in time of war. For
Qie first and last reasons I am anxious for the
commencement mid consummation of this great
work. As to where it shall commence or where
it shall end, that is a matter to be determined
when the surveys and oper Uions now in pro
gress shall be completed. And the route it
must take between the termini is entirely de
pendant upon those surveys.
We may bluster about a Northern, a South
ern nnd a central route, but it all amounts
to nothing. Nothing but the actual survey
... . .1.- tt.n,'...,v.
can determine it. nen 1110 jr.'"""' 3
been from the fever
This is a heavy mortality for a town so redu
ced in population us Nalchez.
The Vicksburgh Whig of the 3d says :
There have been so many exaggerated reports,
that we publish the monthly statement of the
Superintendent, which shows that there were
only eleven deaths during the whole month, 011
of one hundred and two cases on hand. When
we know that many cases are taken from the riv
er and other parts of the city, to the Hospital, in
the last stages of disease, we regard the report
as highly creditable to Dr. Birchett, the Hospi
tal Physician. To show how rumor can mag
nify, the report shows only seven deaths of yel
low fever, during the whole month of August.
reliable. Besides, we have converses wun p r
sons who denied the efficiency of the Maine
Law in large cilies. but have not found any who
ha I any claims to knowledge Tr m pero"al :ir
..on'int .!,, . wih the Mil vt'. who did to t i"r
I ha I it was enforced in ti.;' '" 1. ':.
be true, whether it is etif. 1 m ihe i,.r"- ci
ties or not, has no benru.g on ihe question now
before the people of this ci'y. Influences lire
brsught to bcur in densely populated cilies,
which cannot be for years to come 111 Hannibal.
We rather think that, considering the very
delicate and ambiguous nature of his "request"
for us to publish, " Many Readers" has worked
himself into quite an unnecessary paroxysm of
Editors of the Messenger :
(Jrsis The enclosed article was pointed out
lo the editor of the Journal, with a desire fur
its publication, lie declined as he had a per
fect right to do and 1 must rrque-t you tu give
it a place in your paper. Our object is light,
and this cannot be had save by a view at botl
sides. Let truth be told, and let Indtpcnolncc
be maintained, no matter how Fanaticism and
This, gentlemen, is not the soil where these
isms grow. Those who would teach them would
do heller to go on the soil where mormonism,
abolitionism, amalgamation, women's rights, so
cialism, deism, and a thousand other isms which
have cursed our land, grow mid flourish, nnd
emit their deadly poisons into the social, moral
and political world. South of " Mason Si Dix
on's Line" these abominations, thank (od ! have
had no abiding place, and the tieie ligh's of this,
our day, will not be apl to plant them here, so
as to take root and spring into life. If it be
true that the Maine Liquor Law has proved a
failure, even among tlie puritans ot Maine, why
-"" '" ' Yot the Journal.
TO THE ClTlZJrKB OlT HANNIBAL AUD KABOIf
Tho county court is about levying a tax t
build a court house, clerks' offiecs anil jail at
Palmyra, to cost not less than425.000 00.
Would it not be better Ti5r you, in your city
nnd township, or individual capacity, or partly
in both, to offer to build such houses for the
county free, provided tho county seat be moved
t) Hannibal? as you will have to pay $10,000
towards tho new houses if they are built in Pal
myra, by paying your pro rata tax, which I
think would uo nboiit U-o oT the whole. You.
could save an annual lux of six hundred dollars
nhotil the expenses of our city court, by be
ing relieved of the necessity for such court
which is equivalent to 10,000 more. You
would be relieved, also, i,f the necessity of
building suitable buildings for city court, clerk's
office, and calaboose, equal lo .f 5,000 more., ma-
kiotr in the aggregate the neccssury sum for
,111 able i ulMii'gi lor county purposes.
Besides, yu':i would be relieved of iht. t x of
ine llll 111 llirj i.'l u' hum; vriiri Ul r.. lln r
work is done, then the best route and tho one
conducive to the interests ot all ie Klines, win
be adopted. I havo been rPse"ted by my
Aoemie ns lipinir onDosed ,J ''le whole measure.
Then again, I have be" represented us being
in favor of a So"nern route commenciiijf ul
Galveston, Te"'. running by El-P..s,) t another
time in fuvrt' 0,16 commencing at Memphis,
and runr-R through Arkansas, Texas, &c, or
of nnv route that would be most inconvenienland
prejudicial to the interests of Missouri. Now
tie niun who originated these charges, and those
wlio published und repeated them know that
they (1 will not
thai is not so.
and have been
half of my years
earth is hcie. You know it; and you scorn the
men who conceived, uttered and published the
A New Orleans paper remarks
It would be an interesting statistical fact for ; attempt to impose it upon the people of the
the Board of Health to inquire into how many j West, who ever think themselves capable of ut
children and grown persons, borne here, have
died of the fever ? how many have had the fever
twice P how many colored persons have died
Ntw Orleans, Sept. 8.
Orvlhe Glh, interments 95, including 73 of
On the 7th, interments 70, including 53 of fe
ver a considerable decrease. At Mobile on
Tuesday, interments 32, fever 27.
To-day, interments 9, of fever 48. At Mo-
ji:. . t . 1 .portion
aim ucucuio pui lucr ul man 10 uo lurnet, , . , i
it say lie) have "iuid the thing bl1''' yesterday, interments 27, ol lever 31.
It is raise on Us face. I am, Two Ps-we clerks, very young, were ar-
a citizen of lliis State inor " rested l'?t ni.'ht for te..l...,r ...... ..v ir. .1.0
rs. All the interest I have ,, mails, chiefly Texas letters the amount is large.
F r the J u nni.
The 30ih anniversary of the Salt River Asso-
You know well that 1 have not. and ciation ol Baptists was held with the Ml. Pisgah
will not desert the interests of the State, und the 'church, Pike county, Mo., commencing on the
. .1 .1- mi 1 , Ail. .....
people amongst wnom 1 live, ine people wno foi mm
lave from youth Jo manhood, cenl'trred the hi;h
the pitiless storm in midwinter, and thes- then esl up"n . cu,,lu,u;i1 IT1 ,nlere8ls
. , , , . , , to my keeping. You know that I have receiv-
cnuureii 10 oeg irom uoor 10 uoor lor tin lus
Who ssys 'tis not a " free country." . v has
Thsy call it the Force Law." At?, !i'e
1 .0 , 11 the
chunts pay into the State and County Ue i,ci.n
a tax in proportion to their business. Or,' by
governs all their licenses, whether they a-t now
coes or iron, sugar or fish ; but for h j'j 88
of the whisky seller, the Legislature, ,"e 'us
a special law ; refuses to class hf- sT.TT'NLnd
chants cV.X,fU.d !tBt'AsEa 1 inius ice; wlo
late or p;.rr.nril. wa uinpne von a ve .r or two
and fix!! ing "P recruits to settle IN i-br.i ku, dc-;
imil this country which w ill he i ,a-
. -. (ail Itenloii's 111. 111. is mien for Ae'tlr:iii-i.l.
Lilt jou Jurlare A. llii. man f;r..z : an l the oili. i r
ot the Goverli.MUi il.r.ieiied him w ith the
penalties af the law. .-. n j, ehatured.
do not mention Sutheiland's nunc lor llm nur-
pose of depriving Benton of the glory of be
ing the discoverer of this jiew doctrine.
Col. Benton admits that thei are acts of Con
gress forbidding itli'iiients on Itie United Stutes
lauds. Hut lie says tliey Mn a
the statute twK. iow tns 1 il-..
ed abuse from some, for claiming nil your rights
Peace and harmony characterized their pro
ceedings throughout. There were a number of
ministers present, and several able sermons
preached. A large sum was raided for home
and perhaps for demanding more than yoa were i missionary purposes; also, rcsolu'ioiis were
entitled to. unanimously passed in favor of Sunday SJ101K
Uut, fellow citizens, Col. Benlon saye that the: and Ictnperance.
tending to their own affairs, and who are not
very apt lo ape Maine or her rabid followers?
Publish both sides, gentlemen, of this matter,
and try not to deceive by withholding the entire
truth. The law says, he who is guilty of 11
" svjyprnsio veri," is as guilty of falsehood as he
who is guilty of a " suggest io futsi." In oilier
words, that he who pretends to give facts, and
suppresses a part, is as guilty us the man who
surest a lalsc honil. 1 ake tins, then, us a true
maxim, and give the enclosed a pi ice in your
paper, and oblige ;haky ut.iDi.ns,
From the Pt L u'- Njs.
- 'in mains Liquor Law.
There seems to be n wide variance of testi
mony on the question whether or not the Maine
Liquor Law works any good in the States that
have udopu I it.
A paper published in Portland, called the
'Stale of Maine," conlains 11 most able ttrlicle
in reference lo the practical workings of the
Maine Law, from the pen and over the si;;na.
lure of John Neal, Eq. The cnitor of the
B ston Transcript , in no' icinu I iiii art ieh says :
We ilunk, wi h Mr. Neal. '' t i. uuc l:a
road to the Pacific, must commence ul Kansas,
and run through a pass in the Rocky Mountains,
There was one incident, however, which oc
curred on the second day of the meeting, that
the pass of which Leroux and Fremont speak, ! spread gloom over many countenances. The
and through which Beal is to travel on his way j house, with its contents, of Mr. James Fryer,
lo California, and no where else, and Bt-ntou, and a respectable farmer living near the church,
l . . a .-, . ..' - . .. 11 V. . rr. i -ii ft 1
itenioii men pin mr now 11 Hguliisi u "l.ccuiise ol w as e.r.ireiy coiisumeu oy lire. 1 lie lamny I nae- of honors wire flic.-r t'a
inc.). .1.1.' ....( I... I ' S. . ... I.I I ... : ii'u. ,il i.ritNnlillli, wh.n Inn ..n finniitnnt ns ,...- .. i
j .... ... i.. l ,..o, b ........ ...v, -- -'-"- ""i- 01 liutiors. as we hi ncssei
mute : red; it was a new and large two story frame Maine, was pure ,,t,d un l
tieapeslJUilUing; several guests wno nau put up witnlj, j the city of New York. And merchants
ii Mis-1 him, had their satchels, trunks and clothes also!.,,,,! ,,,,1,1,0 ,,. i !.,i,. ;..,, ,,.e,l ii,,t
lul!y i'. mi ; when the w'i
kll.H II ill re.'ar ! 'o the 'o.::
w Inch has b -i n pub i-'o I ' ;
ticid ell'i i'is of ihe s.-i t i
'Maine Law." Upon :
tioll ol the State ol Maiie ,
large stories pub'i-ln- t in 1
11' I hi
' fill 1 : ,
io r, 1 1
1 ! La
letter on funds for its conitrucli"!. were civen hr that
the statute iwoa. i"' Mns t "-- not for the purpose. The northern porH-n of the 'lounty
purple of contradicting bun, but bee... . . u 'w((i'il(, Q a m.in wM of lh(j
misliiken; for these laws are every day enloru , . , ;, , i,.i.., ,irti r 11,. -
. .1 . i...: . '" - - w. .w.jiiy
oy tne couris. 1 w 1 1 nuv .ay c.uu r ,Ki,u. , ri vlV , 1 ,ld t3 t -n ut surnhland and niu'
.. .. j . . T . 1 ,1...... .1..,. ...... ........... r t.
I 1. t.O A .1. Bn
al ..Ii and i-
ai,. I !iet 1 .into niiiritr'J u4.be
.ii'iii 1 wid vole .or. an I MiV;ii that
imi 'rilu.V citizens, I noun- IT) inucil
1 ili.il llie
lt r I i" i' 0 public
rie.il . ins llie sale
it ut the hotels in
iii.e.l as such sale
1 . .
wl. ether A subscription was immediately set on foot
ihe Congress of the United Sates can agrcw on for his benefit, and the congregation showed
the exact point of beginning r ending this great liberality. The amount subscribed und
railroad, or the course it h..I. pursue between
the termini. Let me ak you r the people of
Platte Co., should they take the vtfe to-morrow,
could ai;rec as to the beginning, tho nd or the
course of a road ncross the country from this
Clay line to the Aliskuiiri river, supfpse that
rant or vtrvzrse. 1 also deny that utiy nersot
an under any law 01 Longress ou'ain a pre-j tun on the
emplion right by settling on any land in rseliras- the people
ka. 1 deny lliul ,yl. lienien s maji proves ony
thing for him. His position is that there is Ter
ritory in Nebraska open lo settlement by while
ifiell. I 1"Y 1 fc rtjsMfjnur t may
be wrong. But one thing I cannot be wrong in,
and that is, his map prov nothing for him.
Col. Benton says thai I hae made "a great pa
rade of pains anl penulties, military and civil.
which citizens would incur by acting on my
(B.'s) representations ol stute of the coun
try." Now, 1 made no.pirjde about the mutter.
"Parading" is the peculiar characteristic of tlie
gentleman himself. He has "paraded" a map
which I say proves running lor nun. insreuu
of calling on the Commissioner of Indian Affairs
for 1 hem in. why did he not simply ask him or
.i . - -. . .
the Secretary ol llie interior lor 111s opinion
whether any country west ot Missouri or lowu
cum iiuuer ine existing iuw i uuu ircuiin oc
settleJ by white men? If so, what countr)?
This wotUd have settled llie in alter wun me,
and would have been more satisfactory to our
leople who desire to emigrate to Nebraska,
tut the Colonel has a map w liich is of but little
service in settling the question at issue. The
day after I read the Cub's letter to the citizens
of Monroe, I addressed' letter t the Secrelury
of Ihe Interior atkV? him his opinion to wheth
er sny portion of the Nebraska Territory is open
to settlement by white men? And if so, what
portion? If the Secretary cn consistently wilh
his duly answer me, then the question is settled.
lis is the cUi 'er of Government who has
charge of hc Hminintrtion of our public lands
and Indiad relation. The very uiui whose
opinion are to be .respected in relation to those
,. ?. They are to be observed unless the
to INevv Market und terminate at
wowl, sa, thav it sboum .
nun ner. Another portion of
SllOUm - m..
Il:,rrv. run tl. roll ll h. nnd tcrinlll
V."'J' ------ ..'"J'.. 1
paid in hand, is not correctly known by
JOHN M. JOHNSON.
September, 13, 1853.
Cottoh. Mr. Stewart, Cotton Broker, of
New York, says, in relation to the coming crop,
in his circular to go by the Liverpool 6' earner:
"The crop prospects continue on the whole
favorable. The season so far has been a wet
one, and in several sections the plant has been
arown, from this cause, too much into weed,
anVnartiul complaints of the forum shedding and
of worn are heard of. Should wo have dry
weatheif j-om this date, and a late frost, we shall
'"lueut c Jtrs otherwise, or they are reversed
Wi'Miiii. Another portion r vnu would say
let il commence al Smithland or Barry, and ter
minate nere at rarkvllte, ttils beautiful und flour,
ishing young town. Well, when the voles are
cast and counted, yon have about one third of the
number for each route. So it will be with the
thirty one Stales of this Union. We may bins
ter in Congress ond out of it. We may call il
the central route, and bawl Leroux und Fre
motil's pass until we are hoarse, and it will end
in nothing there. It may catch giUl here.
There is no doubt in uiv mind that a large ma
jority of Congress and the people of the United
Slu es ure in favor of the construction of a rail
road. Col. Bi-ntou and his friends will have it,
that Atchison, Phelps, 5tc, are opposed to the
great road to India. It was proposed ut the lust
session ot Congress by amenumeni ouereu 10
Gw in s bill, to commence the roan at uaivesion,
Vicksburg und Memphis. All such propositions
were voted down by large majorities. It was
propi sed by Mr. Chase of Ohio to commence
the road at a uoint between the South West ror-
... -. Ill it- v-l
ner of Missouri and Council Jiui. mi
rtmmicition was withdrawn. Mv opinion is
!hui this ri iltt r of the termini and route of the
road will of necessity be left to the discretion
of the Piesidcnt, and there 1 am willing to
leave it. General Pierce has no personal inter
est in il. Ho represents no local interest, but
the interest or the wnoie union is iu -4
1 sin Vi av, in Ii f.ir ll.M railroad.
I liav hee.i called bv Col. Benton and bis
friends a NuUiner, a Disunlonist, a Secessionist ,
&.O., To these charges I p'd not guilty, and 1
kot-e often called tot the proof. I defy Col.
Benton or any or his friends to put Heir tingeis
B Ko0and possibly a very large crop.
prcvaileii-'tCP'r f 'he weather which has
1 . . ..... ..
nn early Irosl, n.n'on 01 injury noin worms, or
lief, but not sufBeieJiines been the CHrrent be-
moveinetii."--lntell) to start a speculative
Minnesota. Tb ciaiu .
features of Minnesota are simnd agricultural
New Hampshire aid Maine, jto Vermont,
ence, t wit: Iniucf ,' rughis Hiller.
New England, Mimeola abounds in"v'lls."r
and easily cultivatfl laids, level or lighiiyljle
The New EngVnd mn has marked clmmn.
teristics, and he pves te steady cold winters.
with unilorin ie.g''B' season, as well as
the geniul rays of suiraer's sun.
This churacterislic of w England's laborious
end energetic sonicoustntes them the fit dwell-j
ers in Minnesota, ,
Accordingly, aie rest or our inquiries show
that the majority of the tizens and influence in
Minnesota has tome irarew England.
Over the rr.'il soil Minnesota, tin) New
England of the WVi-t, ridly flows the tide ol
humiiiitr. lil)erly-loviii srutla-searching, p,;.
losophypV,',"e' t1u"ji.:idicatii.g, and Lw
abiding , -
As ilV 1116 1 uri'ans, itiiool Iiouss and
Ihe b'lisf 01 "i wcr i(g uuv first jirovi-siuiis-s
- A vw n whose weigl tel to be 7G1
psnd'll whose age i. tears, ii on exhibi
tin a a. 4 10 Broadw. I She is claimed to
1.. it. largest woman Inle world. Ska
Viitv' " Kte' auriositf-N. . Vibune
was a more general use ol in'ovicaling drinks
throughout the Slate than iI.c. l- ..s ever before
known. Tiie statements of l! -e. l"-ii: Inneti con
firm the opinions nt Mr. N- lie sa :
At this iiioiiifii', mi'' i Ii. 11 i;ruwitig
worse every da Mine tu.- 1.1-1 three mo llis
were over when , 1- vi 1 1. blinded i V ns
presumption, or I'rndi -et.nl bv lis ra-inies
j there is more inti tnju i- ince and more ili inl.in
1 in this city and neighborhood, and probably
inrouglioiil llie wliole Mate ol .Maine, w nil here
and there a doubtful exception, than there has
been ut any other limo for twenty years.
Young men have banded together in clubs, to
evade the law ; travelers have brought l'qtiors
with them to our public houses ; children carry
liquor flasks about with them; und buttlus are
made into the Shape of Bibles, and bound so as
to deceive the eve.
Hundreds of demij ihns of liquor were dis
tributed among our householders the very day
the law went into operation if we may believe
the "embodiment" when his teeth testifies against
itself und these demijohns have been replen
ished us fast as they were emptied; and now at
this hour il can be had anywhere and every
where, A- -'. wun a boldness nnd efl'ront
, without example, since Cobbett continued
to oiler himself, day ufler day, to be broiled on
his own gridiron, if the Bank of England ev
ir resumed specie payments, years after it was
I '((fl.illa ..II il.- l 1 "
reau. " '.uV;r ," worm, except among the
,1... ..cf his Register ("the W.u . .1....
""Jil 111. ,, . . ., ,- inai
Of limn..,, " ""'a pulU otll IIIOIISUIIUS UI41I Wlis
continue to be ,fcia VXV haw tlie. ",ory
11, mr uie wesiern lilnl i;n
adiau markets, weei.,'
ha. never been tn ' S et'
Mai..B had a place o'n the i , i i 'k. :r''''C,!
'K house, are all brwile." W"ek U'".t
laine i. morel-a
For the Journal,
n nnii.li.l .1 .. r
at the aiinroaohi.,,; ;7 m
11.....1.. o -"-vuuii, 1 return
To those of my fellow
pieaseu lo nominate ne
1 eriint me tu
oomiyiuee) I mu.t
Fall Clotii,n0.at WH0Li.Atr.See ad
mtisementef Webster, Mar.h. &. Co., of St.
'. as heretofore," (to your
1 be excused. '
A. G. GANO.
' 'nit the oi.j 1 : . ; . . f..ii:.ty'
1 s.H-ieties i one o i,t In si uieat.s
to ; .. inpetiis to the 0111-e in which we i.re
. hr.iiighout the Slate; and we recoln
mi 0 1 in- i. 1 in .lion of such societies iit tlm dif
icrent counties preparatory to a mass Slate con
vention. ' I
Res, dved, That nil laws licensing min to sell
intoxicating liquors us a beverage, is Wrong in
principle, ut war with the be-t interest ot soci
ety, and defeats the object it is intended to ac
compliidi: for while government 1 ti:ldf peniten
tiaries, it licenses men to fill tl.. m i.h crimi
nals; it builds poor houses, und lie, n.-es men to
fill them with paupers; and then u ijustly taxes
the innocent mid uiioll'ending to support such in
stitutions. It is an undeniablc-ffuet that tliree
foiirths or the crime and pan pepsin of the coun
try is attributable to ititemperajjee, growingotl
of our license s ;lcm.
ResnUctl, That uli laws permitling the sale of
iiitovic.itmg drinks, except for medicinal tnd
iurchanic.il purposi s, is now considered pre-eminently
ihe scouign (if the w orld, without one
redeeming qualification, and should at once U
repealed, and driven from the statute book. '
Resolved, That tho friends of temperance
should make no compromise ask for no modifi
cation in the present license law, but demand
at tho hands of our legislators, the adoption of
the Maine Liquor Law, or the entire prohibi
tion of '.he sale of intoxicating drinks as a bar
erage. Resolved, Tiiat we, as members of this con
vention, believe that we are engaged in a work
of humanity, ond that nothing should induce M
to flag in our zei.l; but that we should quicken
our efforts, und continue our exertions in ad
vancing ihe interests of the cause, and use
ery proper. means to bring temperance reform
before the minds of the people.
Resolved, That the next meeting of llie soci
ety be held at Houston, on the first Saturday io
December next, ut 11 o'clock, A. M.
Resolved, That the proceedings of the con
vention be publibed.in thc-Jiffercnt papers in
the o.innli' u...l ill.. I tfirf ML .... ... . k.Mirti.
out the State be requested to give them sn in
Resolved, That theconvention now adjourn.
T. II. TATLOW, rrc.idBt.
llolloway'ii Ointment and Pills, a I'niveriJ'
Remedy fur Old Hounds and Obstinate Sortt.
Mr John .Mickiw. proprietor of llio Noitheiq Kinii
tVirit. ii, loi mi Frolessor Hollowiy, by letter, l'
April 3d, ISM, "'l'hBt lie is aware ol nunieroui is
l.iicTs in whirl- llollowsy's Ointment and flH
been of the izre.il vt rvn la i,trrr. in Ihit Klrt "
the cou.itiy, mui npirmlly reauls wuoiiaiof W
isiiuiiij;. Him mat lt toiilj, if periiil'ted, gl ;
names jf umnr rit.pri.iM. n.ai.. whri Iiavs i
entirsly cured by llo-ir lise " o fsmily sliuuU
witlinut s supply f,i the excellent ui-it cinei,
sresojuill) telibTated llironhoul !,i-ili'J
I.-. -ii AlJit.;.' l"-r iv-nnm. nnd re:.l ..
it .Mn nl of your ;roiicrly and of your
umiicss equal tu four limes te money expend
The following note from Jambs. A. Suat
m an, the follow who (iecamped from this
city about the 23ih ult , in consecpienca of
the disclosures made in a letter published in
tho Journal and the Courier list week, was
received by the Postmaster here, u few daya
since. It was mailed at Cairo, Ills., August
30ih, and the postage not f aid:
Caiiio, Ills., Aug. 23th, '53. "
J. O. Ijkrrv, Esq.,
.Sir: Any letters coming
to Your office for me, please forward them
to Columbus (leoiia. I nm bound for
that place now, with a pill for some man
to swallow. Icll the bovs to kec
lours hespect fully.
JAM liS Ai SUARMAX.
V..m Ihi Pdlrnvrs Wh!i,
TE:-: .. IANCE CONVENTION.
The Marion county Temperance Society met
in convention, pursuant to adjournment, in tlie -Presbyterian
Church ut Philadelphia, on Satur
day, the 3d of September, 1853, at 10 o'clock,
A. M. ,
T. II. Tatlow, President, called the Society
to order, when it was opened with prayer by
Rev. A. Greenlee.
The Secretary, R. E. Anderson, Esq., being
absent, A. Steed was appointed Secretary pro
lem. The President being called on, stated
briefly the object of the formation of a county
society, viz: to unite the friends of the temper
ance cause, whether sons of temperance or not,
in discussing the "Maine Liquor Law" before
The following- Delegates were present, and
handed in their names:
Palmyra Division, J. L. Flanagan, T. H.
Tallow. Round Grove Township, J. McCul
lough, Rev. T. H. Tatlow. Union Township,
Dr. J. Tipton, Lrael Johnson, Rev. A. Green-
!.... A V I c i . ..
n.i , .-.m-u. several unci nuurcsses were
then made before the Convention, and, on mo
tion, a coinmitiec of live was appointed to pre
pare business for the Convention.
Whereupon. I. Johnson. Jlr J. Tipton, J.
McCulloiigh, J. L. Flanagan, and A. Steed,
w ere appointed said committtee.
The convention then took a recess until 2
o'clock, P. M.; at which time the convention
re-asM'inbleil, und I. Johnson, chairman of the
biiMin committee, n ported a set of resolutions,
which being tlmroug! Iv discussed bv U's,
UiV A. (in rtileV ai d T. H.
Marion l'emalo fctimiiaiy.
Pr, H II. W AMU.vt.TO, fin.cipsJ.
W. (JlLbEKi , t'r.r. Music and Ueiiasn.
Jtoom, bsseamut of Cbiiisa C'burcli. 1131
' i ....,